Therapists in Minneapolis, MN

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Photo of Christine Mia Kerno, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Minneapolis, MN
Christine Mia Kerno
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55408  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I specialize in trauma focused EMDR and Adaptive Internal Relations (AIR Network), substance use issues, and the care and treatment of the LGBTQIA community including transgender folk. As a male to female transgender person and a mental health professional I provide culturally specific services to the LGBTQIA community. I am an expert in the care and treatment of people living with or at high risk for HIV.
I specialize in trauma focused EMDR and Adaptive Internal Relations (AIR Network), substance use issues, and the care and treatment of the LGBTQIA community including transgender folk. As a male to female transgender person and a mental health professional I provide culturally specific services to the LGBTQIA community. I am an expert in the care and treatment of people living with or at high risk for HIV.
(612) 261-0871 View (612) 261-0871
Photo of Holly Bailey, Psychologist in Minneapolis, MN
Holly Bailey
Psychologist, PhD, LP
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55416
I am a clinical psychologist providing psychotherapy for a wide range of problems, including mood disorders, trauma, relationship problems, and more. I also have subspecialties in working with parenting, eating disorders, and phobias. Please go to my website at drhollybailey.com for more information or give me a call. I am oftentimes in session, so please leave a message with my receptionist, providing a couple of convenient times when I can return your call. I'll be sure to do so promptly!
I am a clinical psychologist providing psychotherapy for a wide range of problems, including mood disorders, trauma, relationship problems, and more. I also have subspecialties in working with parenting, eating disorders, and phobias. Please go to my website at drhollybailey.com for more information or give me a call. I am oftentimes in session, so please leave a message with my receptionist, providing a couple of convenient times when I can return your call. I'll be sure to do so promptly!
(651) 728-4238 View (651) 728-4238
Photo of Brenda Schaeffer, Psychologist in Minneapolis, MN
Brenda Schaeffer
Psychologist, DMin, MALP, CAS
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55416
Seeking psychotherapy is a sign of wellness, an opportunity to grow beyond learned limitations, to help individuals and relationships realize their potential and release creative energy suppressed by traumatic events past or present, anxiety, depression, behavioral problems, life transitions, grief, illness, dysfunctional relationships, addiction, low esteem, and victimization.
Seeking psychotherapy is a sign of wellness, an opportunity to grow beyond learned limitations, to help individuals and relationships realize their potential and release creative energy suppressed by traumatic events past or present, anxiety, depression, behavioral problems, life transitions, grief, illness, dysfunctional relationships, addiction, low esteem, and victimization.
(952) 373-0448 View (952) 373-0448
Photo of Karen Elizabeth Pieper, Counselor in Minneapolis, MN
Karen Elizabeth Pieper
Counselor, MA , LPC
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55408  (Online Only)
I provide individual and couples psychotherapy to a variety of clients. I am particularly interested in working with people going through life transitions including divorce, break-ups, job loss, career exploration and grief. Through deep listening and curiosity, I create a safe space to openly examine and gain insight into their challenges, helping them to relieve stress and achieve a sense of wellbeing. Using strategies from narrative, solution-focused, cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness therapies, my sessions are an opportunity to nurture my clients' positive personal growth and change.
I provide individual and couples psychotherapy to a variety of clients. I am particularly interested in working with people going through life transitions including divorce, break-ups, job loss, career exploration and grief. Through deep listening and curiosity, I create a safe space to openly examine and gain insight into their challenges, helping them to relieve stress and achieve a sense of wellbeing. Using strategies from narrative, solution-focused, cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness therapies, my sessions are an opportunity to nurture my clients' positive personal growth and change.
(612) 324-0267 View (612) 324-0267
Photo of Ruby Ellen Brayman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Minneapolis, MN
Ruby Ellen Brayman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55426  (Online Only)
Hello, I'm Ruby! I am here to be your biggest cheerleader, thought untangler, and copilot through the ups and downs of life. My approach is both direct and warm, creating a safe space for open dialogue and exploration. Maybe you aren’t feeling so much like yourself anymore? Maybe you are often disregualted and you aren’t sure why? Maybe there are some painful things from your past you would like to work through? Together we will examine thought/behavior patterns and address core wounds to allow you better understand yourself with compassion and adapt healthy coping strategies so you can move forward effectively in your life.
Hello, I'm Ruby! I am here to be your biggest cheerleader, thought untangler, and copilot through the ups and downs of life. My approach is both direct and warm, creating a safe space for open dialogue and exploration. Maybe you aren’t feeling so much like yourself anymore? Maybe you are often disregualted and you aren’t sure why? Maybe there are some painful things from your past you would like to work through? Together we will examine thought/behavior patterns and address core wounds to allow you better understand yourself with compassion and adapt healthy coping strategies so you can move forward effectively in your life.
(952) 260-4692 View (952) 260-4692
Photo of Sabrina Mulder, Pre-Licensed Professional in Minneapolis, MN
Sabrina Mulder
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55416
It can be difficult to seek therapy and to find the right provider. I use a collaborative, person-centered approach which helps me personalize the experience to what works best for each client. I will help you explore patterns in your life, past and present, to help you better understand yourself and progress toward a better quality of life. Whether you are struggling with depression, anxiety, relationship or family concerns, ADHD, life transitions, body image, or stress management - we will create a path forward that is tailored to what a healthy a life would look like for you.
It can be difficult to seek therapy and to find the right provider. I use a collaborative, person-centered approach which helps me personalize the experience to what works best for each client. I will help you explore patterns in your life, past and present, to help you better understand yourself and progress toward a better quality of life. Whether you are struggling with depression, anxiety, relationship or family concerns, ADHD, life transitions, body image, or stress management - we will create a path forward that is tailored to what a healthy a life would look like for you.
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Photo of Jacqueline Peña, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Minneapolis, MN
Jacqueline Peña
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55410  (Online Only)
You deserve to live the life that you want, however, this may difficult sometimes. Feelings of depression, anxiety and PTSD may be the result of past trauma, hurt and other unforeseen circumstances. Because of those experiences, the thought of seeking assistance (therapy) scary and overwhelming. I know exactly how you might be feeling, the fear of being judged, shamed or misunderstood can be frightening.
You deserve to live the life that you want, however, this may difficult sometimes. Feelings of depression, anxiety and PTSD may be the result of past trauma, hurt and other unforeseen circumstances. Because of those experiences, the thought of seeking assistance (therapy) scary and overwhelming. I know exactly how you might be feeling, the fear of being judged, shamed or misunderstood can be frightening.
(612) 999-2149 x6310 View (612) 999-2149 x6310
Photo of Center for Psychological Growth and Resilience, Psychologist in Minneapolis, MN
Center for Psychological Growth and Resilience
Psychologist, PsyD, LP
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55410
Hello! We're Dennis, Maddy, and Matt. We believe that while life is hard, every human being has the potential to surmount stress and strain. Whether you're experiencing burnout, depression, anxiety, chronic pain, chronic illness, cancer, trauma, relationships issues, professional issues, or other concerns, our goal is to help you find meaning, self-respect, growth, and resilience. We're passionate about helping you increase your ability to weather and recover from difficult moments in the future. We'll do this by leveraging your strengths and building your coping skills to help you manage stress and create a life you want to live.
Hello! We're Dennis, Maddy, and Matt. We believe that while life is hard, every human being has the potential to surmount stress and strain. Whether you're experiencing burnout, depression, anxiety, chronic pain, chronic illness, cancer, trauma, relationships issues, professional issues, or other concerns, our goal is to help you find meaning, self-respect, growth, and resilience. We're passionate about helping you increase your ability to weather and recover from difficult moments in the future. We'll do this by leveraging your strengths and building your coping skills to help you manage stress and create a life you want to live.
(952) 295-4677 View (952) 295-4677
Photo of Kimberly Brady, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Minneapolis, MN
Kimberly Brady
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, MA, LP, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55408
A collaborative perspective is important. That's why working together toward developing a good rapport and trust is needed in therapy. My style and approach includes warmth, sensitivity, honesty and humor, laughing is healing. Change comes with being understood, listened to and feeling comfortable. Healing starts with courage and wisdom and coming to therapy is a big step. Everyone's journey to healing is different, therefore I do my best to tailor treatment to fit your needs. Therapy works best when it engages the whole person, body, mind, emotions and spirit to assist in reaching the best outcome. Looking forward to meeting you.
A collaborative perspective is important. That's why working together toward developing a good rapport and trust is needed in therapy. My style and approach includes warmth, sensitivity, honesty and humor, laughing is healing. Change comes with being understood, listened to and feeling comfortable. Healing starts with courage and wisdom and coming to therapy is a big step. Everyone's journey to healing is different, therefore I do my best to tailor treatment to fit your needs. Therapy works best when it engages the whole person, body, mind, emotions and spirit to assist in reaching the best outcome. Looking forward to meeting you.
(651) 333-7873 View (651) 333-7873
Photo of Brianna Ripoli, Licensed Professional Counselor in Minneapolis, MN
Brianna Ripoli
Licensed Professional Counselor, MPS, LPCC
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55413  (Online Only)
You’re tired of feeling like thoughts about food and your body dictate how you spend your day. It feels like you cannot escape the voice in your head that tells you that you are not thin enough, you ate too much, and the most important thing about you is the way you look. Your body is not the problem. It never was. Our culture is structured to make us fit inside narrow constructs that oppress who we are. We will work toward body liberation. Body liberation is the freedom from social and political systems of oppression that designate certain bodies as more worthy, healthy, and desirable than others.
You’re tired of feeling like thoughts about food and your body dictate how you spend your day. It feels like you cannot escape the voice in your head that tells you that you are not thin enough, you ate too much, and the most important thing about you is the way you look. Your body is not the problem. It never was. Our culture is structured to make us fit inside narrow constructs that oppress who we are. We will work toward body liberation. Body liberation is the freedom from social and political systems of oppression that designate certain bodies as more worthy, healthy, and desirable than others.
(612) 778-3211 View (612) 778-3211
Photo of Kristine Zappa, Licensed Professional Counselor in Minneapolis, MN
Kristine Zappa
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, R-DMT
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55407  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
As a somatic (body-centered), trauma-informed, and relational therapist, I take a holistic approach to therapy. My clients tend to have a history of complex trauma that impacts both their relationships with others and their relationship with themselves. I'll support you in uncovering underlying patterns and finding relief from experiences such as relationship issues, depression, anxiety, and feelings of low self-worth, as well as help you move through life with patterns that feel more aligned with your goals. From a somatic perspective, I safely incorporate body awareness on the path towards greater self-confidence and empowerment.
As a somatic (body-centered), trauma-informed, and relational therapist, I take a holistic approach to therapy. My clients tend to have a history of complex trauma that impacts both their relationships with others and their relationship with themselves. I'll support you in uncovering underlying patterns and finding relief from experiences such as relationship issues, depression, anxiety, and feelings of low self-worth, as well as help you move through life with patterns that feel more aligned with your goals. From a somatic perspective, I safely incorporate body awareness on the path towards greater self-confidence and empowerment.
(612) 778-4084 View (612) 778-4084
Photo of Anders Jader, Pre-Licensed Professional in Minneapolis, MN
Anders Jader
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, LGSW
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55416
Therapy is a space that should welcome the full depth of our human experience, rather than just focusing on a collection of symptoms. I offer a space for you to explore and better understand the whole spectrum of your experience: ranging from your greatest strengths and joys to your greatest challenges and pains. From a place of safety and warmth, we can begin to meet whatever it is that needs to be said, felt, expressed, or understood within you.
Therapy is a space that should welcome the full depth of our human experience, rather than just focusing on a collection of symptoms. I offer a space for you to explore and better understand the whole spectrum of your experience: ranging from your greatest strengths and joys to your greatest challenges and pains. From a place of safety and warmth, we can begin to meet whatever it is that needs to be said, felt, expressed, or understood within you.
(612) 688-3111 View (612) 688-3111
Photo of Monica Landolt White, Marriage & Family Therapist in Minneapolis, MN
Monica Landolt White
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55403
Are you feeling that you are just not living your best life? Are you struggling to find contentment and joy in your life even though to the outside world, your life looks good? Do you sometimes questioned why your inner voice doesn't always show up when you need it? My ideal clients are those who know that they are not living their most authentic lives, who are ready to make change, but just need some guidance along the way. They are wise and insightful and driven to be their best selves, but are still struggling to find that feeling of wholeness. I facilitate change using evidence-based treatments including: EFT, EMDR & IFS.
Are you feeling that you are just not living your best life? Are you struggling to find contentment and joy in your life even though to the outside world, your life looks good? Do you sometimes questioned why your inner voice doesn't always show up when you need it? My ideal clients are those who know that they are not living their most authentic lives, who are ready to make change, but just need some guidance along the way. They are wise and insightful and driven to be their best selves, but are still struggling to find that feeling of wholeness. I facilitate change using evidence-based treatments including: EFT, EMDR & IFS.
(612) 712-6544 View (612) 712-6544
Photo of Matt Gentles, Pre-Licensed Professional in Minneapolis, MN
Matt Gentles
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55415
Accepting NEW clients for Telehealth and in person! I enjoy working with people of all ages, from early childhood to end of life, helping people work through where they feel stuck, with relationship issues, trauma and abuse, engage in healing, and live life authentically and connectedly. I work with clients from an array of various backgrounds and presenting concerns - including doctors, single parents, homeless people, students, professional athletes, veterans, retirees, inmates, disabled people, homemakers, business people, teachers and so forth.
Accepting NEW clients for Telehealth and in person! I enjoy working with people of all ages, from early childhood to end of life, helping people work through where they feel stuck, with relationship issues, trauma and abuse, engage in healing, and live life authentically and connectedly. I work with clients from an array of various backgrounds and presenting concerns - including doctors, single parents, homeless people, students, professional athletes, veterans, retirees, inmates, disabled people, homemakers, business people, teachers and so forth.
(612) 324-2825 View (612) 324-2825
Photo of Mindy Glover, Licensed Professional Counselor in Minneapolis, MN
Mindy Glover
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55404
I specialize in working with adults, couples, non-monogamous relationships, and families, traditional and non-traditional. I come from a communication and conflict resolution background. This knowledge and experience uniquely positions me to help clients repair relationships or negotiate boundaries for healthier ways of relating with others.
I specialize in working with adults, couples, non-monogamous relationships, and families, traditional and non-traditional. I come from a communication and conflict resolution background. This knowledge and experience uniquely positions me to help clients repair relationships or negotiate boundaries for healthier ways of relating with others.
(612) 361-3573 View (612) 361-3573
Photo of Cole M Nelson, Pre-Licensed Professional in Minneapolis, MN
Cole M Nelson
Pre-Licensed Professional, LGSW
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55408
I provide therapy to individuals and assist them in developing a greater sense of self during times of uneasiness and self-reflection. I have experience in cognitive behavioral techniques, and I use these techniques to help you identify and change unhealthy patterns of thinking to help you reach your goals and improve your mood. I am committed to individualizing each client’s therapeutic experience and providing an empathetic and comfortable environment.
I provide therapy to individuals and assist them in developing a greater sense of self during times of uneasiness and self-reflection. I have experience in cognitive behavioral techniques, and I use these techniques to help you identify and change unhealthy patterns of thinking to help you reach your goals and improve your mood. I am committed to individualizing each client’s therapeutic experience and providing an empathetic and comfortable environment.
(612) 979-2276 View (612) 979-2276
Photo of Carly Gershone, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Minneapolis, MN
Carly Gershone
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55415
I’m so glad you’re here and thinking about coming to therapy! I see adolescents and adults, and I specialize in working with teens and young/emerging adults. I have a lot of experience working with folks who are experiencing anxiety, self-harm, problems with eating/body image, identity exploration, and family/relationship concerns. I identify as queer, and I work from a harm reduction, sex positive, trans-allied, feminist, fat acceptance/HAES lens.
I’m so glad you’re here and thinking about coming to therapy! I see adolescents and adults, and I specialize in working with teens and young/emerging adults. I have a lot of experience working with folks who are experiencing anxiety, self-harm, problems with eating/body image, identity exploration, and family/relationship concerns. I identify as queer, and I work from a harm reduction, sex positive, trans-allied, feminist, fat acceptance/HAES lens.
(612) 662-9050 View (612) 662-9050
Photo of Ethel Nahmad-Faith, Marriage & Family Therapist in Minneapolis, MN
Ethel Nahmad-Faith
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55404
I have over twenty years of experience as a psychotherapist treating children, individuals and families. I have been intensively trained as a child psychoanalytic psychotherapist, which has given me the basis to understand and to integrate diverse techniques during my practice for the assessment and treatment of people with different disorders. I greatly enjoy working with the Hispanic population and I have a clear understanding and respect of the cultural values and traditions of the community.
I have over twenty years of experience as a psychotherapist treating children, individuals and families. I have been intensively trained as a child psychoanalytic psychotherapist, which has given me the basis to understand and to integrate diverse techniques during my practice for the assessment and treatment of people with different disorders. I greatly enjoy working with the Hispanic population and I have a clear understanding and respect of the cultural values and traditions of the community.
(612) 351-6133 View (612) 351-6133
Photo of Dina Williams, Counselor in Minneapolis, MN
Dina Williams
Counselor, MA, LPCC, LADC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55408  (Online Only)
The challenges of navigating through the ups and downs of life don’t have to feel insurmountable. Whether you’re struggling with a life transitions, grief, loss, depression, anxiety or relationships issues, as your therapist Dina will create a nonjudgmental, supportive, and authentic therapy experience to foster change and growth.
The challenges of navigating through the ups and downs of life don’t have to feel insurmountable. Whether you’re struggling with a life transitions, grief, loss, depression, anxiety or relationships issues, as your therapist Dina will create a nonjudgmental, supportive, and authentic therapy experience to foster change and growth.
(612) 662-6582 View (612) 662-6582
Photo of Geriann Fedorowicz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Minneapolis, MN
Geriann Fedorowicz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Therapy is a relational dynamic process. I create a nurturing, compassionate safe space to honor your process of change. My integrative holistic approach means that I combine attachment theory, neuroscience and psychodynamic theory with the wisdom and insights from mindfulness-based practices, creative expression, and nature. Working with me, you will gain insight into your emotional world, understand how you work, learn what gives you comfort and contentment during difficult times, develop new coping skills to help during times of anxiety/depression, and make changes in your life so you can live more fully. fedorowicz-therapy.com
Therapy is a relational dynamic process. I create a nurturing, compassionate safe space to honor your process of change. My integrative holistic approach means that I combine attachment theory, neuroscience and psychodynamic theory with the wisdom and insights from mindfulness-based practices, creative expression, and nature. Working with me, you will gain insight into your emotional world, understand how you work, learn what gives you comfort and contentment during difficult times, develop new coping skills to help during times of anxiety/depression, and make changes in your life so you can live more fully. fedorowicz-therapy.com
(612) 280-1948 View (612) 280-1948

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Minneapolis, MN

1,000+

Average cost per session

$165

Therapists in Minneapolis, MN who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
89% Depression
79% Relationship Issues
76% Self Esteem
73% Trauma and PTSD
69% Stress
64% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

84% BlueCross and BlueShield
70% UCare
67% Aetna

How Therapists in Minneapolis, MN see their clients

74% In Person and Online
26% Online Only

Gender breakdown

76% Female
21% Male
3% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Minneapolis?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.