Therapists in New Hope, MN

Photo of Roberta J Theis, Psychologist in New Hope, MN
Roberta J Theis
Psychologist, MSE, LICSW, LP
Verified
New Hope, MN 55428
My practice provides a safe, non-judgmental environment where clients may discuss any personal challenges with the confidence that they are legitimate, heard, and respected. My work is a collaborative effort specific to each client to resolve many issues including but not limited to: anxiety, depression, family- of- origin problems, and a variety of interpersonal relationship issues (see "Specialities").
My practice provides a safe, non-judgmental environment where clients may discuss any personal challenges with the confidence that they are legitimate, heard, and respected. My work is a collaborative effort specific to each client to resolve many issues including but not limited to: anxiety, depression, family- of- origin problems, and a variety of interpersonal relationship issues (see "Specialities").
(763) 273-5980 View (763) 273-5980
Photo of Dan Verbout, Counselor in New Hope, MN
Dan Verbout
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
New Hope, MN 55427
Men do you feel stuck, overwhelmed, and no matter what you cannot get ahead? Perhaps you or others have high expectations for you to support your family or achieve a high level of performance at work, in sports, or other areas but you lack confidence and experience blocks to being your best and strongest self. Pushing through it alone can be exhausting and draining, leaving you to feel like there is nothing more to give. You have been taught it is important to be strong and persevere no matter what. Having support in your corner can help move you through your obstacles faster allowing you to emerge stronger and more resilient.
Men do you feel stuck, overwhelmed, and no matter what you cannot get ahead? Perhaps you or others have high expectations for you to support your family or achieve a high level of performance at work, in sports, or other areas but you lack confidence and experience blocks to being your best and strongest self. Pushing through it alone can be exhausting and draining, leaving you to feel like there is nothing more to give. You have been taught it is important to be strong and persevere no matter what. Having support in your corner can help move you through your obstacles faster allowing you to emerge stronger and more resilient.
(952) 522-7267 View (952) 522-7267
Photo of Lineage Counseling, LLC, Marriage & Family Therapist in New Hope, MN
Lineage Counseling, LLC
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
New Hope, MN 55428
Looking for direction and support in a confusing and difficult world? Perhaps eating issues, trauma, relationship or occupational struggles have kept left you out of balance. You or your loved ones want to feel more calm and grounded and want to understand why you are having trouble getting there.
Looking for direction and support in a confusing and difficult world? Perhaps eating issues, trauma, relationship or occupational struggles have kept left you out of balance. You or your loved ones want to feel more calm and grounded and want to understand why you are having trouble getting there.
(612) 400-9264 View (612) 400-9264
Photo of Alicia B Losier, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in New Hope, MN
Alicia B Losier
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, LAMFT
Verified
New Hope, MN 55428
Oftentimes we find ourselves stuck in patterns and cycles that we struggle to get out of, let alone have hope for to change. These patterns might be a well-rehearsed dance with another person or even a full cast of characters, or simply of our own internal world that ripples outward into our life. Through increased awareness of the dynamic between things within self and dynamics within relationships, we can disengage from the ineffective and instead move intentionally toward a more functional, fulfilling way of being.
Oftentimes we find ourselves stuck in patterns and cycles that we struggle to get out of, let alone have hope for to change. These patterns might be a well-rehearsed dance with another person or even a full cast of characters, or simply of our own internal world that ripples outward into our life. Through increased awareness of the dynamic between things within self and dynamics within relationships, we can disengage from the ineffective and instead move intentionally toward a more functional, fulfilling way of being.
View
Photo of Lori Cao, Marriage & Family Therapist in New Hope, MN
Lori Cao
Marriage & Family Therapist, CSAT-S, EMDR, Sexolog, CPTT-S, CBRTT-C
Verified
1 Endorsed
New Hope, MN 55428
Welcome, I am Lori Cao. If you're struggling with the following, I am glad you are here: Pornography/Sexual Addiction, Compulsive Sexual Choices, Deception and Gaslighting, Betrayal Trauma, Complex Trauma, Out of Control/Problematic Sexual Choices, Complicated Grief and Bereavement, Anxiety and/or Depression. And those seeking to enrich their relationship, it continues to be a tremendous honor to support individuals & couples as they find healing and developed stronger, more satisfying connections. Our goal is to support every individual & couple in creating a life and relationship that is healthy, balanced, connected and joyful.
Welcome, I am Lori Cao. If you're struggling with the following, I am glad you are here: Pornography/Sexual Addiction, Compulsive Sexual Choices, Deception and Gaslighting, Betrayal Trauma, Complex Trauma, Out of Control/Problematic Sexual Choices, Complicated Grief and Bereavement, Anxiety and/or Depression. And those seeking to enrich their relationship, it continues to be a tremendous honor to support individuals & couples as they find healing and developed stronger, more satisfying connections. Our goal is to support every individual & couple in creating a life and relationship that is healthy, balanced, connected and joyful.
(612) 399-6449 View (612) 399-6449
Photo of Rebekah Miller, Marriage & Family Therapist in New Hope, MN
Rebekah Miller
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, SEP
Verified
13 Endorsed
New Hope, MN 55428
I help people learn to feel worthy of love, so they can have the loving relationships that they crave. You live with the feeling of needing to hide your true self from others, the fear that eventually everyone will realize that you aren't good enough and leave you, or the feeling of being broken beyond repair. Don't feel like this forever. I am committed to sharing compassion, acceptance, and honesty as I walk with you to find joy in the present. My specialty is helping people work through trauma, sexual concerns, and relationship distress.
I help people learn to feel worthy of love, so they can have the loving relationships that they crave. You live with the feeling of needing to hide your true self from others, the fear that eventually everyone will realize that you aren't good enough and leave you, or the feeling of being broken beyond repair. Don't feel like this forever. I am committed to sharing compassion, acceptance, and honesty as I walk with you to find joy in the present. My specialty is helping people work through trauma, sexual concerns, and relationship distress.
(651) 321-1250 View (651) 321-1250
Photo of Ange Hasert, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in New Hope, MN
Ange Hasert
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, LAMFT
Verified
New Hope, MN 55427
What do you do when you are spinning in circles and have no earthly idea where to begin? Is your relationship with those most important to you floundering? Do you struggle with feelings of acceptance, of yourself, by family members, by society? Do you struggle to believe the phrase, "You are enough!"? Regardless of whether it is due to trauma (developmental, attachment, PTSD), questioning gender identity, sexual identity and your relationships, ENM/Polyamorous relationships, Kink/BDSM, out-of-control sexual behaviors, or MAPs, we can work together to get you where you would like to be!
What do you do when you are spinning in circles and have no earthly idea where to begin? Is your relationship with those most important to you floundering? Do you struggle with feelings of acceptance, of yourself, by family members, by society? Do you struggle to believe the phrase, "You are enough!"? Regardless of whether it is due to trauma (developmental, attachment, PTSD), questioning gender identity, sexual identity and your relationships, ENM/Polyamorous relationships, Kink/BDSM, out-of-control sexual behaviors, or MAPs, we can work together to get you where you would like to be!
(952) 234-8928 View (952) 234-8928
Photo of Dr. Sametta E Hill, Marriage & Family Therapist in New Hope, MN
Dr. Sametta E Hill
Marriage & Family Therapist, DMFT, LMFT
Verified
2 Endorsed
New Hope, MN 55428
Are you having a lot of problems in your relationships (friends, family, a partner or spouse)? Do you feel misunderstood? Are you experiencing a lot of stress, anxiety, depression and/or worry due to work, being a single parent, divorce, marriage, committed relationship, racial issues, masculinity and/or self worth? Are you parenting alone and need some emotional support; need marital maintenance. Are you questioning things in life and need to make some decisions. Asking for support is a brave step. I am the Author of "Ruptured Attachment" and am passionate about helping individuals, couples and families heal from the inside out.
Are you having a lot of problems in your relationships (friends, family, a partner or spouse)? Do you feel misunderstood? Are you experiencing a lot of stress, anxiety, depression and/or worry due to work, being a single parent, divorce, marriage, committed relationship, racial issues, masculinity and/or self worth? Are you parenting alone and need some emotional support; need marital maintenance. Are you questioning things in life and need to make some decisions. Asking for support is a brave step. I am the Author of "Ruptured Attachment" and am passionate about helping individuals, couples and families heal from the inside out.
(612) 979-1537 View (612) 979-1537
Photo of Hans C Skulstad, Marriage & Family Therapist in New Hope, MN
Hans C Skulstad
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA
Verified
1 Endorsed
New Hope, MN 55428
Waitlist for new clients
Hans received his master's degree in counseling Psychology and a Certificate in Marriage and Family Therapy from the University of St. Thomas and is a licensed marriage and family therapist. He sees his work with influenced by his ten plus years of experience as a professional and his life experience as a son, father, brother, teammate, hockey coach, friend, and uncle of three nieces and five nephews. He provides therapy to assist clients with a large range of therapeutic issues. He specializes in helping all people excel in all areas of life.
Hans received his master's degree in counseling Psychology and a Certificate in Marriage and Family Therapy from the University of St. Thomas and is a licensed marriage and family therapist. He sees his work with influenced by his ten plus years of experience as a professional and his life experience as a son, father, brother, teammate, hockey coach, friend, and uncle of three nieces and five nephews. He provides therapy to assist clients with a large range of therapeutic issues. He specializes in helping all people excel in all areas of life.
(763) 575-7522 View (763) 575-7522
Photo of Jennie Gorres, Marriage & Family Therapist in New Hope, MN
Jennie Gorres
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
2 Endorsed
New Hope, MN 55428
The areas of our lives are intricately connected. While problems often have ripple effects, so can solutions. I have been working as a therapist for 25+ years in several types of settings and have logged countless hours with individuals and families. I believe that people often have difficult circumstances that bring them to my office, but introspection and examination of family dynamics can be interesting and enjoyable too.
The areas of our lives are intricately connected. While problems often have ripple effects, so can solutions. I have been working as a therapist for 25+ years in several types of settings and have logged countless hours with individuals and families. I believe that people often have difficult circumstances that bring them to my office, but introspection and examination of family dynamics can be interesting and enjoyable too.
(763) 280-5127 View (763) 280-5127
Photo of Life Skills Management Services LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New Hope, MN
Life Skills Management Services LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MBA, MSW, LCSW
Verified
New Hope, MN 55428
We are licensed in Oregon, Maine, Minnesota, Florida, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, North Carolina and Colorado. We currently offer telehealth and virtual therapeutic services. We work with individuals with a wide range of concerns including depression, mood disorders, family relations issues, substance use disorders, and co-occurring disorders. We combine different therapeutic approaches based on client's presenting concerns, goals, and motivation, such as, cognitive-behavioral, brief therapy, mindfulness, client-centered, solution-focused therapy.
We are licensed in Oregon, Maine, Minnesota, Florida, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, North Carolina and Colorado. We currently offer telehealth and virtual therapeutic services. We work with individuals with a wide range of concerns including depression, mood disorders, family relations issues, substance use disorders, and co-occurring disorders. We combine different therapeutic approaches based on client's presenting concerns, goals, and motivation, such as, cognitive-behavioral, brief therapy, mindfulness, client-centered, solution-focused therapy.
(651) 237-8309 View (651) 237-8309
Photo of Susan Riekels, Counselor in New Hope, MN
Susan Riekels
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified
New Hope, MN 55428
Not accepting new clients
Are you struggling with confused feelings, misunderstood emotions, anxiety, depression or just overwhelmed? Through a personalized plan including encouragement and support, I believe change is possible for all. I provide therapy to individuals and families in a non-judgmental, non-assuming and safe environment where understanding and healing can get to the root of what's causing your pain in order to achieve freedom from overwhelming issues and provide you with resolution and peace.
Are you struggling with confused feelings, misunderstood emotions, anxiety, depression or just overwhelmed? Through a personalized plan including encouragement and support, I believe change is possible for all. I provide therapy to individuals and families in a non-judgmental, non-assuming and safe environment where understanding and healing can get to the root of what's causing your pain in order to achieve freedom from overwhelming issues and provide you with resolution and peace.
(763) 703-1518 View (763) 703-1518
Photo of Rachel Peterson, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in New Hope, MN
Rachel Peterson
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, LAMFT
Verified
New Hope, MN 55428
Using conversation, empathy, and creative outlets to get through struggles. I work with clients improve relationships, manage life changes and increase coping skills. Therapy should bring relief, clarity, insight, and support. I work with indivIduals experiencing symptoms of anxiety, depression, ADHD, eating disorders and diabetes.
Using conversation, empathy, and creative outlets to get through struggles. I work with clients improve relationships, manage life changes and increase coping skills. Therapy should bring relief, clarity, insight, and support. I work with indivIduals experiencing symptoms of anxiety, depression, ADHD, eating disorders and diabetes.
(612) 662-3697 View (612) 662-3697
Photo of Jack Sparks, Pre-Licensed Professional in New Hope, MN
Jack Sparks
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified
1 Endorsed
New Hope, MN 55428
Waitlist for new clients
I work with clients ages 12 and up. I have special passions for treating folks struggling with disordered eating patterns, negative self talk, symptoms of post traumatic stress, self harm, and suicidal ideation: if you feel like life isn't worth living, I want to explore that with you. Instead of shutting it down, let's built a life you DO experience as worth living. As a transgender and autistic therapist I love to work with clients looking to explore and process gender, sexual orientation, and/or neurodivergence.
I work with clients ages 12 and up. I have special passions for treating folks struggling with disordered eating patterns, negative self talk, symptoms of post traumatic stress, self harm, and suicidal ideation: if you feel like life isn't worth living, I want to explore that with you. Instead of shutting it down, let's built a life you DO experience as worth living. As a transgender and autistic therapist I love to work with clients looking to explore and process gender, sexual orientation, and/or neurodivergence.
(952) 260-8995 View (952) 260-8995
Photo of Jody L Friesen Grande, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New Hope, MN
Jody L Friesen Grande
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LICSW, BCD
Verified
New Hope, MN 55427
We are each on a personal journey, which is filled with challenges and opportunities ... seeking balance and harmony with our physical, mental, emotional and spiritual dimensions - the full integration of well-being. We often look for answers, but they do not come as quickly as we want. We become impatient, discouraged, frustrated, angry and stuck. Be patient with the process ... Today you are one step closer to a new you where you feel empowered as you walk a positive path towards growth, development and wellness.
We are each on a personal journey, which is filled with challenges and opportunities ... seeking balance and harmony with our physical, mental, emotional and spiritual dimensions - the full integration of well-being. We often look for answers, but they do not come as quickly as we want. We become impatient, discouraged, frustrated, angry and stuck. Be patient with the process ... Today you are one step closer to a new you where you feel empowered as you walk a positive path towards growth, development and wellness.
(763) 334-6412 View (763) 334-6412
Photo of Laurie Schlosser, Psychologist in New Hope, MN
Laurie Schlosser
Psychologist, MA, LP
Verified
New Hope, MN 55427
Are you struggling with anxiety, phobias or OCD? Is it impacting your happiness, friendships, school or work performance? I believe in supporting individuals with curiosity and compassion. I have experience helping children/teens and young adults to develop strategies to face their fears and increase self awareness. I use a strength based approach, evidenced based CBT-ERP, as well as approaches based in Eastern Psychology, such as yoga and mindfulness. I help my clients find brave moments expand their value based life. I work with individuals 8-25 years old and provide parent support. (All adult age groups for specific phobias)
Are you struggling with anxiety, phobias or OCD? Is it impacting your happiness, friendships, school or work performance? I believe in supporting individuals with curiosity and compassion. I have experience helping children/teens and young adults to develop strategies to face their fears and increase self awareness. I use a strength based approach, evidenced based CBT-ERP, as well as approaches based in Eastern Psychology, such as yoga and mindfulness. I help my clients find brave moments expand their value based life. I work with individuals 8-25 years old and provide parent support. (All adult age groups for specific phobias)
(612) 509-9879 View (612) 509-9879
Photo of Teia Kopari, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New Hope, MN
Teia Kopari
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LGSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
New Hope, MN 55427
Waitlist for new clients
I enjoy working with individuals experiencing life adjustments, anxiety, depression, and trauma, couples struggling with communication, infidelity, disconnection in the relationship, sexual concerns, divorce or separation, and other life events. I have a special interest in working with women in areas of self-esteem, assertiveness, sexual wellbeing, perfectionism, and co-dependency.
I enjoy working with individuals experiencing life adjustments, anxiety, depression, and trauma, couples struggling with communication, infidelity, disconnection in the relationship, sexual concerns, divorce or separation, and other life events. I have a special interest in working with women in areas of self-esteem, assertiveness, sexual wellbeing, perfectionism, and co-dependency.
(763) 878-6473 View (763) 878-6473

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Heather Brown, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in New Hope, MN
Heather Brown
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MS, LAMFT
Verified
Plymouth, MN 55442
Hello, I'm Heather! I specialize in working with individuals and couples dealing with complex trauma, PTSD, anxiety, depression, and relationship challenges like infidelity, conflict, and adjusting to unexpected circumstances. I have advanced training in trauma and couples therapy. I also have a special interest in supporting individuals and families impacted by chronic illness. In therapy, I take a collaborative approach and believe that the client is an expert in their own life.
Hello, I'm Heather! I specialize in working with individuals and couples dealing with complex trauma, PTSD, anxiety, depression, and relationship challenges like infidelity, conflict, and adjusting to unexpected circumstances. I have advanced training in trauma and couples therapy. I also have a special interest in supporting individuals and families impacted by chronic illness. In therapy, I take a collaborative approach and believe that the client is an expert in their own life.
(763) 343-7543 View (763) 343-7543
Photo of Hlee Moua, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New Hope, MN
Hlee Moua
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified
Brooklyn Park, MN 55428  (Online Only)
I have over 10 years of clinical experience working in outpatient clinics, schools, and emergency departments. I enjoy working with adolescents ages 12+, young adults, and adults. I specialize in supporting individuals with anxiety, depression, trauma, suicidal ideation/self-harm, life transitions, and identity and cultural concerns. I practice from a multicultural and systems lens to help clients understand how their personal experiences within their family and community have impacted and shaped them. I work with clients to explore their values and goals, process emotions, identify maladaptive patterns, and improve coping skills.
I have over 10 years of clinical experience working in outpatient clinics, schools, and emergency departments. I enjoy working with adolescents ages 12+, young adults, and adults. I specialize in supporting individuals with anxiety, depression, trauma, suicidal ideation/self-harm, life transitions, and identity and cultural concerns. I practice from a multicultural and systems lens to help clients understand how their personal experiences within their family and community have impacted and shaped them. I work with clients to explore their values and goals, process emotions, identify maladaptive patterns, and improve coping skills.
(651) 998-7405 View (651) 998-7405
Photo of Britta J Svihel, Counselor in New Hope, MN
Britta J Svihel
Counselor, MA, LPCC, LADC
Verified
Plymouth, MN 55441
Are you looking for someone who can help you or your child with mental health and/or substance abuse issues, who understands addiction and mental health and can help in a non-judgmental way, and can allow you or your child to make your own goals for change? Are you a parent who needs help, support or therapy in order to be the parent you want to be? Want to be able to change your thinking and perspective to have a more fulfilling life that you are in the drivers seat of?
Are you looking for someone who can help you or your child with mental health and/or substance abuse issues, who understands addiction and mental health and can help in a non-judgmental way, and can allow you or your child to make your own goals for change? Are you a parent who needs help, support or therapy in order to be the parent you want to be? Want to be able to change your thinking and perspective to have a more fulfilling life that you are in the drivers seat of?
(763) 200-1071 View (763) 200-1071

See more therapy options for New Hope

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in New Hope, MN

10+

Average cost per session

$165

Therapists in New Hope, MN who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
94% Trauma and PTSD
88% Depression
82% Relationship Issues
82% Coping Skills
71% Grief
71% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

86% BlueCross and BlueShield
64% HealthPartners of MN and WI
57% UCare

How Therapists in New Hope, MN see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

82% Female
12% Male
6% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in New Hope?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.