Therapists in Boulder, CO

View neighborhoods in Boulder
Photo of Kristen Forrest, Licensed Professional Counselor in Boulder, CO
Kristen Forrest
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Boulder, CO 80301  (Online Only)
My ideal client is someone who is struggling and needs support quickly. His/her/their issues could range with some mood dys-regulation to overwhelmed and stressed and/or dealing with trauma. Your goals would be to alleviate symptoms and obtain relief quickly, feel more balance and have more tools to help manage stressors. Perhaps, you are interested in gaining more awareness to your own thoughts, feelings, and sensations. My goal is to help people feel more emotionally regulated. I have worked in this field since 2008 and have a vast knowledge of strategies and techniques to use with you.
My ideal client is someone who is struggling and needs support quickly. His/her/their issues could range with some mood dys-regulation to overwhelmed and stressed and/or dealing with trauma. Your goals would be to alleviate symptoms and obtain relief quickly, feel more balance and have more tools to help manage stressors. Perhaps, you are interested in gaining more awareness to your own thoughts, feelings, and sensations. My goal is to help people feel more emotionally regulated. I have worked in this field since 2008 and have a vast knowledge of strategies and techniques to use with you.
(844) 341-9763 View (844) 341-9763
Photo of Nic Aquino-Roithmayr, Licensed Professional Counselor in Boulder, CO
Nic Aquino-Roithmayr
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Boulder, CO 80305
In therapy with Nic you will gain Clarity, Resources, and a plan to take Action for growth and change in your life. Do you feel disconnected from yourself and the world around you? Are your relationships missing something, or are you having trouble identifying and expressing your needs? Many of these issues are caused when we attempt to use outdated strategies for getting our needs met. Additionally, neither our pain nor our path to wellbeing are separate from the larger context of the communities and societies we live in. Taking action for our own well-being is the first step to taking action for the well-being of the whole planet.
In therapy with Nic you will gain Clarity, Resources, and a plan to take Action for growth and change in your life. Do you feel disconnected from yourself and the world around you? Are your relationships missing something, or are you having trouble identifying and expressing your needs? Many of these issues are caused when we attempt to use outdated strategies for getting our needs met. Additionally, neither our pain nor our path to wellbeing are separate from the larger context of the communities and societies we live in. Taking action for our own well-being is the first step to taking action for the well-being of the whole planet.
(720) 640-9941 View (720) 640-9941
Photo of Jeffrey Blum, Licensed Professional Counselor Candidate in Boulder, CO
Jeffrey Blum
Licensed Professional Counselor Candidate, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
Boulder, CO 80301  (Online Only)
Get accessible and personalized telehealth counseling from the comfort of your home. Expanding Range is about empowering you to make choices that serve your unique needs and desires. Through somatic body-based therapy, you’ll cultivate deep personal awareness, fostering a stronger connection between your body and mind. As you journey through challenges and aspirations, we'll work together to uncover and embrace the strategies and paths that resonate most with you. Here, every step is tailored to your individual growth, in order to help you live a more authentic and vibrant life.
Get accessible and personalized telehealth counseling from the comfort of your home. Expanding Range is about empowering you to make choices that serve your unique needs and desires. Through somatic body-based therapy, you’ll cultivate deep personal awareness, fostering a stronger connection between your body and mind. As you journey through challenges and aspirations, we'll work together to uncover and embrace the strategies and paths that resonate most with you. Here, every step is tailored to your individual growth, in order to help you live a more authentic and vibrant life.
(720) 674-9042 View (720) 674-9042
Photo of Lindsey Calder, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Boulder, CO
Lindsey Calder
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Boulder, CO 80301
Our minds and hearts can be overwhelming places to explore alone. Perhaps you are feeling disconnected from yourself, wanting to improve your relationships, or wanting a better understanding of yourself and why you do the things you do. If so, I may be the therapist for you. I am passionately committed to working with individuals to assist them in living a more connected, authentic, and empowered life. I provide a compassionate and non-judgmental space to encourage exploration and growth to support you in working towards your goals.
Our minds and hearts can be overwhelming places to explore alone. Perhaps you are feeling disconnected from yourself, wanting to improve your relationships, or wanting a better understanding of yourself and why you do the things you do. If so, I may be the therapist for you. I am passionately committed to working with individuals to assist them in living a more connected, authentic, and empowered life. I provide a compassionate and non-judgmental space to encourage exploration and growth to support you in working towards your goals.
(720) 961-2022 View (720) 961-2022
Photo of Virginia Sanford, Licensed Professional Counselor in Boulder, CO
Virginia Sanford
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, LCHMC
Verified Verified
Boulder, CO 80301  (Online Only)
Being a human in the world is both an inherently beautiful and painful process. Grief, loss and trauma shape the ways that we approach our daily lives, and sometimes the pain that accompanies these experiences becomes more than anyone can manage on their own. We develop coping strategies in an effort to safely navigate the world, and occasionally these coping strategies become problematic or no longer work for us. Change can be hard and it can be scary, but it can also be exciting and fulfilling; my hope is to help create space to access the range of experiences that arise through the therapeutic process.
Being a human in the world is both an inherently beautiful and painful process. Grief, loss and trauma shape the ways that we approach our daily lives, and sometimes the pain that accompanies these experiences becomes more than anyone can manage on their own. We develop coping strategies in an effort to safely navigate the world, and occasionally these coping strategies become problematic or no longer work for us. Change can be hard and it can be scary, but it can also be exciting and fulfilling; my hope is to help create space to access the range of experiences that arise through the therapeutic process.
(720) 702-9603 View (720) 702-9603
Photo of Brynn Miller Håkon, Licensed Professional Counselor in Boulder, CO
Brynn Miller Håkon
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Boulder, CO 80302
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) and received a Master's degree in Somatic Psychology, (Body Psychotherapy) from Naropa University in Boulder, Colorado. I have significant experience working with families, adolescents, children, and adults all over the world. Among other extensive work with children from 2 to 18 years, I have worked with orphans in Mexico that were survivors of significant trauma and abuse and in Colombia with a group of displaced women, survivors of war. My therapeutic focus centers on the integration of the body and the mind in order to help my clients flourish.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) and received a Master's degree in Somatic Psychology, (Body Psychotherapy) from Naropa University in Boulder, Colorado. I have significant experience working with families, adolescents, children, and adults all over the world. Among other extensive work with children from 2 to 18 years, I have worked with orphans in Mexico that were survivors of significant trauma and abuse and in Colombia with a group of displaced women, survivors of war. My therapeutic focus centers on the integration of the body and the mind in order to help my clients flourish.
(303) 732-6813 View (303) 732-6813
Photo of Adam O'Neil, Psychologist in Boulder, CO
Adam O'Neil
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Boulder, CO 80301
When you imagine a time when you felt at your best, what comes to mind for you? Perhaps, a time when you stood up for something important to you? Or, a time when you felt synchrony between your mind, your body, and your heart? Maybe you've experienced lots of moments when you felt like you could engage with the world in a meaningful way, and during that time you - just for a moment - lost track of the 'stuff' you usually carry along with you? Changes are, these experiences in your life are not entirely due to chance or circumstance... but rather, due to your mindset, your habits, and your relationships.
When you imagine a time when you felt at your best, what comes to mind for you? Perhaps, a time when you stood up for something important to you? Or, a time when you felt synchrony between your mind, your body, and your heart? Maybe you've experienced lots of moments when you felt like you could engage with the world in a meaningful way, and during that time you - just for a moment - lost track of the 'stuff' you usually carry along with you? Changes are, these experiences in your life are not entirely due to chance or circumstance... but rather, due to your mindset, your habits, and your relationships.
(720) 868-9583 View (720) 868-9583
Photo of Eliza Kingsford, Licensed Professional Counselor in Boulder, CO
Eliza Kingsford
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Boulder, CO 80305
I help clients stop hating their bodies and guide them to a permanent peaceful relationship with food. If you are struggling with food and body image issues, I have been helping clients find a state of peace and ease around food for over 18 years.
I help clients stop hating their bodies and guide them to a permanent peaceful relationship with food. If you are struggling with food and body image issues, I have been helping clients find a state of peace and ease around food for over 18 years.
(720) 669-6766 View (720) 669-6766
Photo of Inner Fire Therapy, Counselor in Boulder, CO
Inner Fire Therapy
Counselor, MA, MPH, LPCC
Verified Verified
Boulder, CO 80301
Tired of feeling frustrated, stuck, and disconnected? You’re not alone. My name is David and I’ve helped dozens of men struggling with these issues. My clients typically feel off course, disconnected, and frustrated when they arrive. After working with me they feel fulfilled, relaxed, and empowered.
Tired of feeling frustrated, stuck, and disconnected? You’re not alone. My name is David and I’ve helped dozens of men struggling with these issues. My clients typically feel off course, disconnected, and frustrated when they arrive. After working with me they feel fulfilled, relaxed, and empowered.
(720) 697-1464 View (720) 697-1464
Photo of Humanistic Counseling, LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in Boulder, CO
Humanistic Counseling, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Boulder, CO 80305
Not accepting new clients
My clients realize that their experience(s) of trauma are impacting their lives in negative ways; Trauma shows up differently for different people, for example through struggles with their intimate partner or family, deep feelings of "being wounded", or persistent anxiety and nightmares. Sometimes it shows up in the body through unexplained medical conditions or physical pain. For most trauma survivors, it creates a deep disconnect from being able to live your best life.
My clients realize that their experience(s) of trauma are impacting their lives in negative ways; Trauma shows up differently for different people, for example through struggles with their intimate partner or family, deep feelings of "being wounded", or persistent anxiety and nightmares. Sometimes it shows up in the body through unexplained medical conditions or physical pain. For most trauma survivors, it creates a deep disconnect from being able to live your best life.
(720) 796-4913 View (720) 796-4913
Photo of Ari Robkin, Registered Psychotherapist in Boulder, CO
Ari Robkin
Registered Psychotherapist, MA
Verified Verified
Boulder, CO 80304
I work best with clients who are not only wanting to resolve their issues, but who also have some abiding interest in inner exploration and self-discovery. In my experience, if we only approach therapy with the mindset of needing to fix, therapy can become heavy and mechanical. Even if we are working with difficult subjects, therapy is meant to engage a part of us that loves to know the truth about ourselves. When this happens, it is as though a flame lights up in us, which fuels our passion for self-inquiry. Then, therapy becomes more like an adventure, which can be very enjoyable, meaningful, and expansive.
I work best with clients who are not only wanting to resolve their issues, but who also have some abiding interest in inner exploration and self-discovery. In my experience, if we only approach therapy with the mindset of needing to fix, therapy can become heavy and mechanical. Even if we are working with difficult subjects, therapy is meant to engage a part of us that loves to know the truth about ourselves. When this happens, it is as though a flame lights up in us, which fuels our passion for self-inquiry. Then, therapy becomes more like an adventure, which can be very enjoyable, meaningful, and expansive.
(720) 897-5851 View (720) 897-5851
Photo of James H Waters, Psychologist in Boulder, CO
James H Waters
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Boulder, CO 80302
Not accepting new clients
I enjoy helping people identify blocks to successful behavior or patterns that leave them unhappy or dissatisfied, issues they are often unaware of. I am very excited about using psychological tests for these purposes. I emphasize giving individuals direct feedback about the results, rather than only using them like "lab tests" where a report is sent to the referring therapist. I am also a neuropsychologist so I can provide information on whether brain-based problems like ADHD, learning disorders, or mild brain injury are present. I am also interested in helping identify effects of past trauma.
I enjoy helping people identify blocks to successful behavior or patterns that leave them unhappy or dissatisfied, issues they are often unaware of. I am very excited about using psychological tests for these purposes. I emphasize giving individuals direct feedback about the results, rather than only using them like "lab tests" where a report is sent to the referring therapist. I am also a neuropsychologist so I can provide information on whether brain-based problems like ADHD, learning disorders, or mild brain injury are present. I am also interested in helping identify effects of past trauma.
(720) 606-4620 View (720) 606-4620
Photo of Joel Chabrier, Licensed Professional Counselor in Boulder, CO
Joel Chabrier
Licensed Professional Counselor, MC, LPC
Verified Verified
Boulder, CO 80301  (Online Only)
I work especially with people who struggle with their intimate and social relationships, who suffer from anxiety, depression, grief and loss, self-harm, insomnia, chronic pain, or chronic illness, or with those who need more support, more positivity, help starting a career, or a better process of coping in their life due to a stressful moment or transition. I see clients of all ages, as well as couples and families.
I work especially with people who struggle with their intimate and social relationships, who suffer from anxiety, depression, grief and loss, self-harm, insomnia, chronic pain, or chronic illness, or with those who need more support, more positivity, help starting a career, or a better process of coping in their life due to a stressful moment or transition. I see clients of all ages, as well as couples and families.
(480) 571-9168 View (480) 571-9168
Photo of Emily Sweetwine, Unlicensed Psychotherapist in Boulder, CO
Emily Sweetwine
Unlicensed Psychotherapist, MSW
Verified Verified
Boulder, CO 80301
I specialize in the treatment of anxiety, stress, and depression. Additionally, I have had extensive experience working with the courts in supervised visitations and the medically fragile within the hospital setting. I serve adults, adolescents children between the ages of 6-adult. The approaches I use include acceptance and commitment therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, mindfulness, and solution focused brief therapy. My practice is built on trust and respect which allows me the opportunity to create relationships that others find hard to understand and navigate.
I specialize in the treatment of anxiety, stress, and depression. Additionally, I have had extensive experience working with the courts in supervised visitations and the medically fragile within the hospital setting. I serve adults, adolescents children between the ages of 6-adult. The approaches I use include acceptance and commitment therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, mindfulness, and solution focused brief therapy. My practice is built on trust and respect which allows me the opportunity to create relationships that others find hard to understand and navigate.
(720) 696-9476 View (720) 696-9476
Photo of Stuart Marshall, Licensed Professional Counselor in Boulder, CO
Stuart Marshall
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Boulder, CO 80304
Adult, Couples, Family, and Men's work. I help families and Individuals build relationships and make changes. My personal style and philosophy is Relational based in Humanistic, Family Systems and Gestalt theory. I also have a Wilderness therapy background, having worked with at Risk teens and Families in a Wilderness Residential Treatment Facility.
Adult, Couples, Family, and Men's work. I help families and Individuals build relationships and make changes. My personal style and philosophy is Relational based in Humanistic, Family Systems and Gestalt theory. I also have a Wilderness therapy background, having worked with at Risk teens and Families in a Wilderness Residential Treatment Facility.
(303) 475-4625 View (303) 475-4625
Photo of Jaci Hull, Marriage & Family Therapist in Boulder, CO
Jaci Hull
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, CHT, RLT
Verified Verified
Boulder, CO 80302
I work with teens, adults, and couples (of any orientation) specializing in a mindful, experiential and body-integrative approach. I emphasize personal and relational empowerment bringing forth the best part of yourself while solving life's dilemmas. I work with trauma, anxiety, life stage struggles, relationship issues and depression. I integrate and update the latest, effective techniques that also reflect the principles of my practice. Please see my website: www.jacihull.com for more information.
I work with teens, adults, and couples (of any orientation) specializing in a mindful, experiential and body-integrative approach. I emphasize personal and relational empowerment bringing forth the best part of yourself while solving life's dilemmas. I work with trauma, anxiety, life stage struggles, relationship issues and depression. I integrate and update the latest, effective techniques that also reflect the principles of my practice. Please see my website: www.jacihull.com for more information.
(303) 351-5557 x1 View (303) 351-5557 x1
Photo of Marley Hill-Filben, Counselor in Boulder, CO
Marley Hill-Filben
Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Boulder, CO 80304  (Online Only)
I find that therapy is most impactful when it is collaborative and I base my therapeutic approach on my client’s unique life experiences and individual strengths. If you have been feeling stuck, scared, or just curious, I can help you learn more about yourself, your attachment patterns, and your goals. Emotional growth and healing is a lifelong journey and together we can navigate the low points and celebrate your progress along the way. You deserve to be treated with compassion, warmth, and kindness by those around you, but most importantly by yourself.
I find that therapy is most impactful when it is collaborative and I base my therapeutic approach on my client’s unique life experiences and individual strengths. If you have been feeling stuck, scared, or just curious, I can help you learn more about yourself, your attachment patterns, and your goals. Emotional growth and healing is a lifelong journey and together we can navigate the low points and celebrate your progress along the way. You deserve to be treated with compassion, warmth, and kindness by those around you, but most importantly by yourself.
(720) 730-5206 View (720) 730-5206
Photo of Heartwise Healing | Caroline Lee, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Boulder, CO
Heartwise Healing | Caroline Lee
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Boulder, CO 80307
I am a good match for Individuals: who are in transition, feel worn out from an old way of being, struggling to find their center in relationships, or have experienced loss of power from past relationships, have early on trauma and struggle to break from old patterns, struggling with low self-esteem, social anxiety, shame, lack of joy, relational trauma and discord, childhood family trauma, anxiety, nervous system exhaustion, depression, loss during life transitions and physical health challenges. I offer support for clients with depression, anxiety, bipolar, complex trauma / CPSTD and those curious about their bicultural identity.
I am a good match for Individuals: who are in transition, feel worn out from an old way of being, struggling to find their center in relationships, or have experienced loss of power from past relationships, have early on trauma and struggle to break from old patterns, struggling with low self-esteem, social anxiety, shame, lack of joy, relational trauma and discord, childhood family trauma, anxiety, nervous system exhaustion, depression, loss during life transitions and physical health challenges. I offer support for clients with depression, anxiety, bipolar, complex trauma / CPSTD and those curious about their bicultural identity.
(303) 951-5562 View (303) 951-5562
Photo of Define Your Duende, Licensed Professional Counselor in Boulder, CO
Define Your Duende
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, CBTRT1
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Boulder, CO 80301
Sometimes daily challenges grow to feel like they are actively holding you back. These once manageable internal blocks and environmental influences can be hard to name and even harder to break through. But there is also something calling you to reconnect and take strong steps towards truly living. The root of my work is to help you Define Your Duende -- the inherent fire that sparks your own authentic expression and inspired experience. Through talk therapy and varying modalities, we can collaboratively build a dynamic therapeutic approach that utilizes your strengths and engages your specific struggles.
Sometimes daily challenges grow to feel like they are actively holding you back. These once manageable internal blocks and environmental influences can be hard to name and even harder to break through. But there is also something calling you to reconnect and take strong steps towards truly living. The root of my work is to help you Define Your Duende -- the inherent fire that sparks your own authentic expression and inspired experience. Through talk therapy and varying modalities, we can collaboratively build a dynamic therapeutic approach that utilizes your strengths and engages your specific struggles.
(720) 463-1907 View (720) 463-1907
Photo of Brian Patrick, Licensed Professional Counselor in Boulder, CO
Brian Patrick
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, LAC, MAC, ATR
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Boulder, CO 80301  (Online Only)
Are you finding it difficult to navigate your relationships? Whether you're dealing with issues with yourself, others, or substances, I'm here to provide you with a genuine reflection. With my background in mindfulness-based art therapy, counseling, and addiction recovery, I can guide you in understanding old behavioral patterns and setting achievable goals for healthier connections. Life's journey is challenging but immensely rewarding. Let's work together to achieve balance, sustainability, and fulfillment.
Are you finding it difficult to navigate your relationships? Whether you're dealing with issues with yourself, others, or substances, I'm here to provide you with a genuine reflection. With my background in mindfulness-based art therapy, counseling, and addiction recovery, I can guide you in understanding old behavioral patterns and setting achievable goals for healthier connections. Life's journey is challenging but immensely rewarding. Let's work together to achieve balance, sustainability, and fulfillment.
(720) 881-0618 View (720) 881-0618

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Boulder, CO

1,000+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Boulder, CO who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
86% Depression
83% Relationship Issues
79% Self Esteem
76% Trauma and PTSD
70% Stress
70% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

70% Aetna
60% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
58% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Boulder, CO see their clients

70% In Person and Online
30% Online Only

Gender breakdown

75% Female
22% Male
3% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Boulder?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.