Therapists in Westminster, CO

Photo of Hiroko Hirata, Licensed Professional Counselor Candidate in Westminster, CO
Hiroko Hirata
Licensed Professional Counselor Candidate, MA, LPCC, MDiv
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Westminster, CO 80031
Hiroko (she/her) was born and raised in Kyoto, Japan. She immigrated to the US as a young adult, and throughout her time in the states has been exposed to multi-cultural communities. Through these experiences, she learned to value the ability to see through different cultural lenses. Hiroko began her work as a counselor in 2017. In her previous role as a spiritual care provider in several Colorado hospitals, she dedicated her time to assisting individuals in navigating trauma, grief, addiction, and existential crises. During her psychotherapy training, her studies focused on effective approaches to treating depression and anxiety.
Hiroko (she/her) was born and raised in Kyoto, Japan. She immigrated to the US as a young adult, and throughout her time in the states has been exposed to multi-cultural communities. Through these experiences, she learned to value the ability to see through different cultural lenses. Hiroko began her work as a counselor in 2017. In her previous role as a spiritual care provider in several Colorado hospitals, she dedicated her time to assisting individuals in navigating trauma, grief, addiction, and existential crises. During her psychotherapy training, her studies focused on effective approaches to treating depression and anxiety.
(303) 647-9121 View (303) 647-9121
Photo of Kate Ebert, Counselor in Westminster, CO
Kate Ebert
Counselor, MA, LPCC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Westminster, CO 80021  (Online Only)
Do you constantly feel overwhelmed by persistent anxiety and haunted by past traumas, struggling to find peace and balance in your life? I know how exhausting constantly replaying your social interactions and scanning your environment for threats can be. As a counselor specializing in anxiety and PTSD, I offer compassionate support tailored for the queer community. Together, we can work toward healing, reclaiming control of your life, and boosting self-esteem. You don't have to face this alone. I am queer and am passionate about providing a safe space for other queer people to address their anxiety, PTSD, and self-esteem.
Do you constantly feel overwhelmed by persistent anxiety and haunted by past traumas, struggling to find peace and balance in your life? I know how exhausting constantly replaying your social interactions and scanning your environment for threats can be. As a counselor specializing in anxiety and PTSD, I offer compassionate support tailored for the queer community. Together, we can work toward healing, reclaiming control of your life, and boosting self-esteem. You don't have to face this alone. I am queer and am passionate about providing a safe space for other queer people to address their anxiety, PTSD, and self-esteem.
(720) 600-7318 View (720) 600-7318
Photo of Samantha Jamili, Marriage and Family Therapist Candidate in Westminster, CO
Samantha Jamili
Marriage and Family Therapist Candidate, MFTC, AMFT
Verified Verified
Westminster, CO 80234  (Online Only)
Are you or a loved one facing the challenges that accompany chronic illness or disability? Are you struggling with a crisis of faith, managing memories of medical trauma, or dealing with overwhelming stress and grief? I work with individuals, couples, and families to navigate emotional turmoil of these circumstances, redefine coping strategies, and foster resilience in the face of these life-altering events. In working together, you will have a safe space to express your concerns, process your grief, and rebuild fractured dynamics, aiming to find solace, understanding, and a path forward amidst the challenges you're confronting.
Are you or a loved one facing the challenges that accompany chronic illness or disability? Are you struggling with a crisis of faith, managing memories of medical trauma, or dealing with overwhelming stress and grief? I work with individuals, couples, and families to navigate emotional turmoil of these circumstances, redefine coping strategies, and foster resilience in the face of these life-altering events. In working together, you will have a safe space to express your concerns, process your grief, and rebuild fractured dynamics, aiming to find solace, understanding, and a path forward amidst the challenges you're confronting.
(720) 902-9829 View (720) 902-9829
Photo of Mary Miranda, Licensed Professional Counselor in Westminster, CO
Mary Miranda
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Westminster, CO 80020
Would you like to gain personal power, meet your potential, live and enjoy your life? I am here to assist you to empower yourself in your everyday life and make needed changes; whether it's in a relationship,career/job, marriage, or family. I will provide you with a positive, safe, non-judgmental environment where we will work together to achieve realistic goals that are uniquely important to you.
Would you like to gain personal power, meet your potential, live and enjoy your life? I am here to assist you to empower yourself in your everyday life and make needed changes; whether it's in a relationship,career/job, marriage, or family. I will provide you with a positive, safe, non-judgmental environment where we will work together to achieve realistic goals that are uniquely important to you.
(720) 608-4801 View (720) 608-4801
Photo of Elise Colley, Registered Psychotherapist in Westminster, CO
Elise Colley
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, ATR
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Westminster, CO 80031
Finding a therapist is not always easy, but it is an important step in a journey towards healing. We live in a world where there is a tendency to praise each other for accomplishing things without help, but when it comes to mental health no one should have to feel alone. As an art therapist, I provide the opportunity to work with art as a form of expression, which can deepen the therapeutic process beyond that of just talk-therapy. You do not need any background in art, experience using art materials, or even consider yourself "artistic" in order to do art therapy.
Finding a therapist is not always easy, but it is an important step in a journey towards healing. We live in a world where there is a tendency to praise each other for accomplishing things without help, but when it comes to mental health no one should have to feel alone. As an art therapist, I provide the opportunity to work with art as a form of expression, which can deepen the therapeutic process beyond that of just talk-therapy. You do not need any background in art, experience using art materials, or even consider yourself "artistic" in order to do art therapy.
(720) 743-6934 View (720) 743-6934
Photo of Jordyn Williams, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Westminster, CO
Jordyn Williams
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Westminster, CO 80031
Jordyn knows that asking for help can be intimidating, and that you may feel anxious, unsure, and vulnerable when first beginning the therapy process. That's why she will offer you a comfortable, calm space to feel heard and supported. She'll share her sense of humor when appropriate to help ease any tension you feel. She'll partner with you as you work through whatever life has thrown your way. Jordyn can help adolescents and adults to overcome anxiety, depression, insecurities, grief, relationship issues, and much more.
Jordyn knows that asking for help can be intimidating, and that you may feel anxious, unsure, and vulnerable when first beginning the therapy process. That's why she will offer you a comfortable, calm space to feel heard and supported. She'll share her sense of humor when appropriate to help ease any tension you feel. She'll partner with you as you work through whatever life has thrown your way. Jordyn can help adolescents and adults to overcome anxiety, depression, insecurities, grief, relationship issues, and much more.
(720) 571-8675 View (720) 571-8675
Photo of Whole Hearts Therapy, Licensed Professional Counselor in Westminster, CO
Whole Hearts Therapy
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Westminster, CO 80031  (Online Only)
Do you feel like you've hit a wall? You're spinning in circles? You keep reliving past experiences? Or perhaps you and your partner are having the same fights repeatedly with no resolution. Maybe you're a parent floating along in a sea of chaos that you can't ever seem to bring order to. Feeling alone, lost, or ashamed that you 'can't handle this' or you 'should know what to do' - everyone else seems to be doing just fine. There is no Life Manual, no Relationship Guide, no Parenting Handbook given at birth to navigate your life.
Do you feel like you've hit a wall? You're spinning in circles? You keep reliving past experiences? Or perhaps you and your partner are having the same fights repeatedly with no resolution. Maybe you're a parent floating along in a sea of chaos that you can't ever seem to bring order to. Feeling alone, lost, or ashamed that you 'can't handle this' or you 'should know what to do' - everyone else seems to be doing just fine. There is no Life Manual, no Relationship Guide, no Parenting Handbook given at birth to navigate your life.
(720) 336-5770 View (720) 336-5770
Photo of Jen Cameron, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern in Westminster, CO
Jen Cameron
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Westminster, CO 80031
I’m Jen, a master’s level therapy intern from the University of Colorado interested in helping couples, families and individuals re-connect to the joy in their lives. We can often feel stuck in our lives and relationships, unsure of how to get un-stuck. I believe that therapy can help guide us on a more fulfilling path. I bring a blend of theoretical knowledge and practical skills to my work, including Narrative Therapy, Emotionally Focused Therapy, and Mindfulness techniques. I am dedicated to creating safe and welcoming spaces for healing and find that humor can foster connections in the therapeutic relationship.
I’m Jen, a master’s level therapy intern from the University of Colorado interested in helping couples, families and individuals re-connect to the joy in their lives. We can often feel stuck in our lives and relationships, unsure of how to get un-stuck. I believe that therapy can help guide us on a more fulfilling path. I bring a blend of theoretical knowledge and practical skills to my work, including Narrative Therapy, Emotionally Focused Therapy, and Mindfulness techniques. I am dedicated to creating safe and welcoming spaces for healing and find that humor can foster connections in the therapeutic relationship.
(303) 731-4419 View (303) 731-4419
Photo of Terri Lucero, Psychologist in Westminster, CO
Terri Lucero
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Westminster, CO 80031
Need help understanding your bright and quirky kid (or yourself)? If you/they have a confusing mix of strengths and challenges, are extremely smart yet struggling in school or work, or having significant emotional or social struggles - I get it! Maybe your kid seems to hold it together all day at school, then completely melts down at home. If you've tried *everything* and can't seem to figure out what's going on, it's time to get expert help to find the answers. As both a psychologist and a parent, I have a deep understanding of challenges with gifted, 2e, and neurodivergent people, and I'm here to help you make sense of it.
Need help understanding your bright and quirky kid (or yourself)? If you/they have a confusing mix of strengths and challenges, are extremely smart yet struggling in school or work, or having significant emotional or social struggles - I get it! Maybe your kid seems to hold it together all day at school, then completely melts down at home. If you've tried *everything* and can't seem to figure out what's going on, it's time to get expert help to find the answers. As both a psychologist and a parent, I have a deep understanding of challenges with gifted, 2e, and neurodivergent people, and I'm here to help you make sense of it.
(720) 903-4693 x2 View (720) 903-4693 x2
Photo of Robert Dorr, Licensed Professional Counselor in Westminster, CO
Robert Dorr
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Westminster, CO 80031  (Online Only)
Rob Dorr is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) with over 10 years of clinical experience. He has a passion for supporting children and adolescents as they go through the difficulties of growing up and attempting to formulate their unique identity in the world. Rob specializes in trauma, depression, anxiety, grief, and major life occurrences.
Rob Dorr is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) with over 10 years of clinical experience. He has a passion for supporting children and adolescents as they go through the difficulties of growing up and attempting to formulate their unique identity in the world. Rob specializes in trauma, depression, anxiety, grief, and major life occurrences.
(720) 741-7422 View (720) 741-7422
Photo of Natalie Ward, Counselor in Westminster, CO
Natalie Ward
Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Westminster, CO 80030
If you are angry, sad, depressed or anxious, I can help. I understand how difficulties in life can keep a person from experiencing a happy, healthy life. I believe that each person has the capacity to heal from the hurt caused by these experiences. As a therapist, my goal is to create a safe and secure environment that will allow you to feel the support needed to explore uncomfortable thoughts and feelings with a therapist who has the expertise to help.
If you are angry, sad, depressed or anxious, I can help. I understand how difficulties in life can keep a person from experiencing a happy, healthy life. I believe that each person has the capacity to heal from the hurt caused by these experiences. As a therapist, my goal is to create a safe and secure environment that will allow you to feel the support needed to explore uncomfortable thoughts and feelings with a therapist who has the expertise to help.
(720) 696-9387 View (720) 696-9387
Photo of Vicki A Tucker, Licensed Professional Counselor in Westminster, CO
Vicki A Tucker
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LAC, RN
Verified Verified
Westminster, CO 80234
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor, Licensed Addictions Counselor, and Registered Nurse. My approach to health and well-being is rooted in the belief that we have within us the capacity to live satisfying, engaged, empowered, joyful, and meaningful lives. I help my clients get to the root of what is holding them back, and transform limiting patterns so they can live a happy, healthy life. My style is compassionate, direct, supportive, and creative.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor, Licensed Addictions Counselor, and Registered Nurse. My approach to health and well-being is rooted in the belief that we have within us the capacity to live satisfying, engaged, empowered, joyful, and meaningful lives. I help my clients get to the root of what is holding them back, and transform limiting patterns so they can live a happy, healthy life. My style is compassionate, direct, supportive, and creative.
(720) 730-6573 View (720) 730-6573
Photo of Megan Giehl, Marriage & Family Therapist in Westminster, CO
Megan Giehl
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Westminster, CO 80031
Hi! I’m Megan. I work with adults & couples in their 20's & 30's to help them develop healthy relationships with themselves & the world around them. Maybe you find success in your work, but desire your interpersonal relationships to be stronger. Perhaps you’re searching for clarity or stability after experiencing a break up, a move, a career switch, or a life transition. You may be a couple desiring stronger connection, better communication, & more depth in your relationship. Whether an individual or a couple, you're noticing that past experiences & old patterns are interrupting the life and relationships you're trying to build.
Hi! I’m Megan. I work with adults & couples in their 20's & 30's to help them develop healthy relationships with themselves & the world around them. Maybe you find success in your work, but desire your interpersonal relationships to be stronger. Perhaps you’re searching for clarity or stability after experiencing a break up, a move, a career switch, or a life transition. You may be a couple desiring stronger connection, better communication, & more depth in your relationship. Whether an individual or a couple, you're noticing that past experiences & old patterns are interrupting the life and relationships you're trying to build.
(888) 731-5506 View (888) 731-5506
Photo of Gina Henschen, Licensed Professional Counselor Candidate in Westminster, CO
Gina Henschen
Licensed Professional Counselor Candidate, MA, LPCC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Westminster, CO 80030
Waitlist for new clients
I believe that we are all born on this planet as whole, worthy human beings. I also believe that our various lived experiences — including trauma in all its forms — can have a big impact on our beliefs about ourselves and the ways we show up in the world. As a therapist, my goal is to help you get back in touch with your most authentic Self and uncover whatever it is that's preventing you from living your most joyful life. I work from a person-centered, collaborative, and integrative perspective, offering a non-judgmental space for clients to explore all parts of themselves.
I believe that we are all born on this planet as whole, worthy human beings. I also believe that our various lived experiences — including trauma in all its forms — can have a big impact on our beliefs about ourselves and the ways we show up in the world. As a therapist, my goal is to help you get back in touch with your most authentic Self and uncover whatever it is that's preventing you from living your most joyful life. I work from a person-centered, collaborative, and integrative perspective, offering a non-judgmental space for clients to explore all parts of themselves.
(720) 703-9448 View (720) 703-9448
Photo of Rachel O'Connor, Licensed Professional Counselor in Westminster, CO
Rachel O'Connor
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Westminster, CO 80234
I have firsthand experience with how nerve-wracking it can be to begin therapy, whether it is for the first time or with a new therapist. I prioritize creating a safe and welcoming environment for clients. I believe that the depth of healing that is possible through therapy makes it a risk worth taking, but the approach and temperament of the therapist is undeniably important. That is why I strive to provide each client with the individualized support they need to make the changes they want to make in their life. With the proper support and resources, I believe that every person can seek the healing they desire.
I have firsthand experience with how nerve-wracking it can be to begin therapy, whether it is for the first time or with a new therapist. I prioritize creating a safe and welcoming environment for clients. I believe that the depth of healing that is possible through therapy makes it a risk worth taking, but the approach and temperament of the therapist is undeniably important. That is why I strive to provide each client with the individualized support they need to make the changes they want to make in their life. With the proper support and resources, I believe that every person can seek the healing they desire.
(720) 458-0642 View (720) 458-0642
Photo of Elizabeth (Liz) Schuler, Pre-Licensed Professional in Westminster, CO
Elizabeth (Liz) Schuler
Pre-Licensed Professional, MFTC
Verified Verified
Westminster, CO 80031
Life’s ups and downs can be challenging and sometimes leave us feeling alone and misunderstood. You might be feeling stressed or overwhelmed — or longing for meaningful connections. If this sounds familiar, you are not alone. Sometimes change is expected, and other times it can surprise us.
Life’s ups and downs can be challenging and sometimes leave us feeling alone and misunderstood. You might be feeling stressed or overwhelmed — or longing for meaningful connections. If this sounds familiar, you are not alone. Sometimes change is expected, and other times it can surprise us.
(720) 706-2668 View (720) 706-2668
Photo of Aniela Verner, BSW, MSW, Clinical Social Worker, Registered Psychotherapist in Westminster, CO
Aniela Verner, BSW, MSW, Clinical Social Worker
Registered Psychotherapist, BSW, MSW, CSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Westminster, CO 80031
For the last 20 years I've had the pleasure to work with and support individuals of all ages and cultural backgrounds. This experience has allowed me to grow exponentially and played a crucial role in my professional and personal development. These aspects allow me to be creative and flexible in meeting the various challenges and concerns of my clients.
For the last 20 years I've had the pleasure to work with and support individuals of all ages and cultural backgrounds. This experience has allowed me to grow exponentially and played a crucial role in my professional and personal development. These aspects allow me to be creative and flexible in meeting the various challenges and concerns of my clients.
(303) 586-3538 View (303) 586-3538
Photo of Hishara Jansz, Marriage & Family Therapist in Westminster, CO
Hishara Jansz
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Westminster, CO 80031
Hishara is a licensed Marriage and Family therapist who works with children, adolescents, adults, families and couples from diverse cultures. She uses a holistic, client-centered, cultural-oriented and strength-based perspective in her work. Hishara will also engage in animal assisted therapy with her "official" side-kick Lava, when it is therapeutically appropriate. She treats a wide range of individual and relational issues, meets people where they're at in their journey towards healing and works within their reality to help them recognize and build on their own strengths to face and overcome challenges.
Hishara is a licensed Marriage and Family therapist who works with children, adolescents, adults, families and couples from diverse cultures. She uses a holistic, client-centered, cultural-oriented and strength-based perspective in her work. Hishara will also engage in animal assisted therapy with her "official" side-kick Lava, when it is therapeutically appropriate. She treats a wide range of individual and relational issues, meets people where they're at in their journey towards healing and works within their reality to help them recognize and build on their own strengths to face and overcome challenges.
(720) 386-4714 View (720) 386-4714
Photo of Shannon M Wallace, Licensed Professional Counselor in Westminster, CO
Shannon M Wallace
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LAC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Westminster, CO 80003  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Hey, do you feel like an outcast? Like you never really fit in, or like you aren’t good enough? I completely understand that feeling and I would like to be here to support you. You are not broken and you deserve a safe space to explore who you are. I believe that people are beautiful for their differences. I want to support you in embracing your unique characteristics that make you amazing. I specialize in helping adults work through trauma, depression, anxiety, addiction, relationship issues, identity issues and life transitions that contribute to these feelings. I am now offering EMDR telehealth sessions!
Hey, do you feel like an outcast? Like you never really fit in, or like you aren’t good enough? I completely understand that feeling and I would like to be here to support you. You are not broken and you deserve a safe space to explore who you are. I believe that people are beautiful for their differences. I want to support you in embracing your unique characteristics that make you amazing. I specialize in helping adults work through trauma, depression, anxiety, addiction, relationship issues, identity issues and life transitions that contribute to these feelings. I am now offering EMDR telehealth sessions!
(720) 740-4235 View (720) 740-4235
Photo of Mary M Foster, Licensed Professional Counselor in Westminster, CO
Mary M Foster
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Westminster, CO 80234
I am a licensed professional counselor in the Arvada/Westminster area specializing in panic/anxiety, depression, and Spiritual concerns, including Atheism, Agnosticism, and Secular questioning. In addition, I provide Mindfulness Based psychotherapy in the areas of grief and loss, life transitions, and women's issues.
I am a licensed professional counselor in the Arvada/Westminster area specializing in panic/anxiety, depression, and Spiritual concerns, including Atheism, Agnosticism, and Secular questioning. In addition, I provide Mindfulness Based psychotherapy in the areas of grief and loss, life transitions, and women's issues.
(303) 947-6847 View (303) 947-6847

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Westminster, CO

400+

Average cost per session

$135

Therapists in Westminster, CO who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
86% Depression
76% Trauma and PTSD
74% Relationship Issues
73% Self Esteem
68% Stress
66% Grief

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

72% Aetna
69% Cigna and Evernorth
66% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Westminster, CO see their clients

78% In Person and Online
22% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
17% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Westminster?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.