Counselling in SO15

Photo of Lisa Jones, Counsellor in SO15, England
Lisa Jones
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified
We need therapy at certain stages in our life to help us process feelings and thoughts - it can provide a way to manage difficult emotions and talk about ourselves in a confidential space away from loved ones and friends. My background is in Person-Centred and Existential Counselling, and I’ve been helping people since 2004. Over the years, I’ve incorporated various theories and practices into my approach, allowing me to offer a personalised, humanistic therapeutic experience. I work with individuals and couples online using Teams or Zoom and have a room in Central Southampton for face to face work.
We need therapy at certain stages in our life to help us process feelings and thoughts - it can provide a way to manage difficult emotions and talk about ourselves in a confidential space away from loved ones and friends. My background is in Person-Centred and Existential Counselling, and I’ve been helping people since 2004. Over the years, I’ve incorporated various theories and practices into my approach, allowing me to offer a personalised, humanistic therapeutic experience. I work with individuals and couples online using Teams or Zoom and have a room in Central Southampton for face to face work.
023 9200 2179 View 023 9200 2179
Photo of Nicky Evans, Psychotherapist in SO15, England
Nicky Evans
Psychotherapist, PsychD, MBABCP
Verified
Are worries keeping you up at night? stressed about bills, going to work or school? feeling low and not wanting to get out of bed in the mornings? Do you find yourself getting caught up in your thoughts, ruminating on past experiences, trying to create new ways to feel happy and less anxious, sad, angry; but it never works. Not leaving your home? Our mental health is key to us all living a fulfilled and enjoyable life, yet it is often spoken about less frequently than other areas of our lives. I offer you a safe space to talk about the difficulties you experience, work on improving your mental health and overall quality of life.
Are worries keeping you up at night? stressed about bills, going to work or school? feeling low and not wanting to get out of bed in the mornings? Do you find yourself getting caught up in your thoughts, ruminating on past experiences, trying to create new ways to feel happy and less anxious, sad, angry; but it never works. Not leaving your home? Our mental health is key to us all living a fulfilled and enjoyable life, yet it is often spoken about less frequently than other areas of our lives. I offer you a safe space to talk about the difficulties you experience, work on improving your mental health and overall quality of life.
023 8235 2185 View 023 8235 2185
Photo of Dr Lisa Hodges, Psychologist in SO15, England
Dr Lisa Hodges
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Health Psych.
Verified
Whether you are looking for support with anxiety, depression or feeling generally ‘stuck’ and don’t know how to move forward, I can help. You may be low or worried and need new ways to cope, experiencing burnout, living with a long-term health condition, struggling with appearance-related/body image concerns or trying to navigate non-traditional relationships. In our sessions I will use a mixture of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Motivational Interviewing, depending on your needs. I strive to work in line with my values, which include compassion, kindness and curiosity.
Whether you are looking for support with anxiety, depression or feeling generally ‘stuck’ and don’t know how to move forward, I can help. You may be low or worried and need new ways to cope, experiencing burnout, living with a long-term health condition, struggling with appearance-related/body image concerns or trying to navigate non-traditional relationships. In our sessions I will use a mixture of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Motivational Interviewing, depending on your needs. I strive to work in line with my values, which include compassion, kindness and curiosity.
023 9431 1760 View 023 9431 1760
Photo of Diane Julie Taylor, Counsellor in SO15, England
Diane Julie Taylor
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified
1 Endorsed
Are you sad, experiencing an ongoing battle with low mood and depression? Do you need time and space to work through what's causing your anxiety , stress, upset in your life? Does the daily struggle leave you exhausted and feeling like you want to give up? Physical symptoms are a result of an overthinking mind, negative thought patterns and habits that are causing you emotional distress. You are not alone and effective therapy can be a life changing process enabling you to feel happier and more fulfilled. Taking back control needs new skills, coping mechanisms and a different perspective - making the call is the first step.
Are you sad, experiencing an ongoing battle with low mood and depression? Do you need time and space to work through what's causing your anxiety , stress, upset in your life? Does the daily struggle leave you exhausted and feeling like you want to give up? Physical symptoms are a result of an overthinking mind, negative thought patterns and habits that are causing you emotional distress. You are not alone and effective therapy can be a life changing process enabling you to feel happier and more fulfilled. Taking back control needs new skills, coping mechanisms and a different perspective - making the call is the first step.
023 8235 6014 View 023 8235 6014
Photo of Simon James Carpenter, Counsellor in SO15, England
Simon James Carpenter
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified
I am BACP and EMDR Europe accredited Consultant for both adults and children and young people. I work within the professional standards required for these professional bodies. I have 19 years experience providing therapeutic intervention for adults, children and young people who have experienced trauma from a wide range of difficulties, such as bereavement, abuse, relationship issues, depression, anxiety . This enables me to be creative and flexible in relation to the way my clients wish to work. I recognise the importance of working within the BACP ethical framework, which informs me of best practice and professional integrity.
I am BACP and EMDR Europe accredited Consultant for both adults and children and young people. I work within the professional standards required for these professional bodies. I have 19 years experience providing therapeutic intervention for adults, children and young people who have experienced trauma from a wide range of difficulties, such as bereavement, abuse, relationship issues, depression, anxiety . This enables me to be creative and flexible in relation to the way my clients wish to work. I recognise the importance of working within the BACP ethical framework, which informs me of best practice and professional integrity.
023 8214 8966 View 023 8214 8966
Photo of Greenleaves Psychological Services, Psychotherapist in SO15, England
Greenleaves Psychological Services
Psychotherapist, MA, MBABCP
Verified
Southampton SO15  (Online Only)
Your life has taken a direction you did not choose: someone hurt you, or you have developed a physical health problem. You have tried hard to ignore your suffering until you can’t do it anymore. Things that used to be easy now feel impossible. You don’t recognise yourself anymore and you know you cannot carry on like this. This has left you feeling depressed, stressed, angry or even scared. You want to feel less overwhelmed and more in control. You want to go back to the person you once were, or maybe even find out who YOU are. But mostly you just want to be seen and heard and know that someone is on your side.
Your life has taken a direction you did not choose: someone hurt you, or you have developed a physical health problem. You have tried hard to ignore your suffering until you can’t do it anymore. Things that used to be easy now feel impossible. You don’t recognise yourself anymore and you know you cannot carry on like this. This has left you feeling depressed, stressed, angry or even scared. You want to feel less overwhelmed and more in control. You want to go back to the person you once were, or maybe even find out who YOU are. But mostly you just want to be seen and heard and know that someone is on your side.
023 9387 7477 View 023 9387 7477
Photo of Jamie Pratt, Psychotherapist in SO15, England
Jamie Pratt
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified
1 Endorsed
If you find that you are struggling with low mood or anxiety, or you have experienced difficulties in your life, coming to therapy can be an important first step to making sense of these. My approach to therapy is collaborative, where we can explore together some of the issues that are causing difficulties for you now and develop ideas and skills that can help you to make a positive difference and changes in your life. Starting therapy can be daunting, but we can work together, at your pace to develop an idea of your difficulties, what you want to be different, and how we can work towards this.
If you find that you are struggling with low mood or anxiety, or you have experienced difficulties in your life, coming to therapy can be an important first step to making sense of these. My approach to therapy is collaborative, where we can explore together some of the issues that are causing difficulties for you now and develop ideas and skills that can help you to make a positive difference and changes in your life. Starting therapy can be daunting, but we can work together, at your pace to develop an idea of your difficulties, what you want to be different, and how we can work towards this.
01794 339783 View 01794 339783
Photo of Roxanne Edmonds, Psychotherapist in SO15, England
Roxanne Edmonds
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified
Finding a new counsellor can be daunting, so have a read of my profile and how I work, to see if you feel we could work together. You are welcome to contact me for more information. I offer a professional, confidential and friendly therapeutic space for you to explore what is troubling you. Sessions will be f-2-f/online in a warm and safe environment where you can bring any subject you wish to discuss without fear of judgment. Counselling can lead to self discovery, confidence and understanding, helping you to come to your own decisions, feel improved moods and discover a new, brighter, happier way of being.
Finding a new counsellor can be daunting, so have a read of my profile and how I work, to see if you feel we could work together. You are welcome to contact me for more information. I offer a professional, confidential and friendly therapeutic space for you to explore what is troubling you. Sessions will be f-2-f/online in a warm and safe environment where you can bring any subject you wish to discuss without fear of judgment. Counselling can lead to self discovery, confidence and understanding, helping you to come to your own decisions, feel improved moods and discover a new, brighter, happier way of being.
023 8214 8337 View 023 8214 8337
Photo of Southampton Counselling, Counsellor in SO15, England
Southampton Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Helen is a highly experienced & professional qualified counsellor and psychotherapist, working with people from all walks of life to achieve their full potential. Sessions are individually tailored to meet your needs and can be via telephone, secure video link (Zoom) or in person, depending on the client's preference. See the Southampton Counselling website www.southamptoncounselling.uk for more detailed information about services offered.
Helen is a highly experienced & professional qualified counsellor and psychotherapist, working with people from all walks of life to achieve their full potential. Sessions are individually tailored to meet your needs and can be via telephone, secure video link (Zoom) or in person, depending on the client's preference. See the Southampton Counselling website www.southamptoncounselling.uk for more detailed information about services offered.
023 9200 2373 View 023 9200 2373
Photo of Elizabeth Rose, Counsellor in SO15, England
Elizabeth Rose
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
I am a Gestalt Therapist. My Counselling Room is very spacious, safe & secure. It provides a confidential environment for you to express yourself freely & openly in any way you feel comfortable, about any issues you have to deal with, without fear of judgement or offending or upsetting those closest to you, family, friends or colleagues. A place where you're able to be honest with yourself, about how situations or events affect you personally, where you can explore those feelings, thoughts & emotions that can sometimes be hard to deal with. COVID-19 SAFETY MEASURES:- F2F (With 2m Social Distancing), PHONE & ZOOM Availablity.
I am a Gestalt Therapist. My Counselling Room is very spacious, safe & secure. It provides a confidential environment for you to express yourself freely & openly in any way you feel comfortable, about any issues you have to deal with, without fear of judgement or offending or upsetting those closest to you, family, friends or colleagues. A place where you're able to be honest with yourself, about how situations or events affect you personally, where you can explore those feelings, thoughts & emotions that can sometimes be hard to deal with. COVID-19 SAFETY MEASURES:- F2F (With 2m Social Distancing), PHONE & ZOOM Availablity.
023 8235 6098 View 023 8235 6098
Photo of Marta Kopij, Counsellor in SO15, England
Marta Kopij
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
1 Endorsed
I offer confidential, face to face psychotherapy to individuals (adults), couples and groups covering a wide range of issues, both long and short term. I work with a person-centred approach developed by Carl Rogers. Person-centred counselling is relationship based and its core principles are authenticity, acceptance and empathy. It is non-directive in the sense that you, as the client, decide what you want to discuss, and I will move at your own pace. You are the expert in what feels the most troubling and I, as your therapist, provide an emphatic, accepting, genuine space for you to be fully heard
I offer confidential, face to face psychotherapy to individuals (adults), couples and groups covering a wide range of issues, both long and short term. I work with a person-centred approach developed by Carl Rogers. Person-centred counselling is relationship based and its core principles are authenticity, acceptance and empathy. It is non-directive in the sense that you, as the client, decide what you want to discuss, and I will move at your own pace. You are the expert in what feels the most troubling and I, as your therapist, provide an emphatic, accepting, genuine space for you to be fully heard
023 9200 2938 View 023 9200 2938
Photo of Bernadette Siobhan West, Counsellor in SO15, England
Bernadette Siobhan West
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Hi. I'm Bernadette, a qualified and experienced person-centred counsellor in Southampton and the New Forest area. Following over 20 years' experience working within the NHS, I now work for two well known charities supporting those with life limiting illness and bereavement, along with a local charity supporting both victims and survivors of domestic and sexual violence, whilst also running my own successful private practice. I offer an understanding and empathic safe space and environment to facilitate your personal growth and support you whilst navigating life's challenges without judgement.
Hi. I'm Bernadette, a qualified and experienced person-centred counsellor in Southampton and the New Forest area. Following over 20 years' experience working within the NHS, I now work for two well known charities supporting those with life limiting illness and bereavement, along with a local charity supporting both victims and survivors of domestic and sexual violence, whilst also running my own successful private practice. I offer an understanding and empathic safe space and environment to facilitate your personal growth and support you whilst navigating life's challenges without judgement.
023 9200 2036 View 023 9200 2036
Photo of Ewa Anna Jesionowska-Aucamp, Counsellor in SO15, England
Ewa Anna Jesionowska-Aucamp
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Life can be a struggle and sometimes we need extra help. You may have feeling of being stuck and lost, or you can’t achieve the things that you want. Often this can turn in to criticism and self blame. Counselling offers you a safe, confidential space to talk about anything you might be going through and to support whatever growth or change you would like in your life.
Life can be a struggle and sometimes we need extra help. You may have feeling of being stuck and lost, or you can’t achieve the things that you want. Often this can turn in to criticism and self blame. Counselling offers you a safe, confidential space to talk about anything you might be going through and to support whatever growth or change you would like in your life.
023 8254 4315 View 023 8254 4315
Photo of Katy Jones, Counsellor in SO15, England
Katy Jones
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Modern life seems to offer more and more challenges, and more and more people are looking for support in facing them. As a counsellor, my role is to provide space and guidance to help you negotiate the current situation you are in, find some understanding, relieve emotional and psychological pain and stress, and return some balance to your life to help you face the demands of the modern world. Exploring your thoughts, feelings and behaviours with someone from outside your day-to-day life often leads to a fresh perspective, and perhaps a renewed vision for the future. Not only for you, but for the important people in your life too.
Modern life seems to offer more and more challenges, and more and more people are looking for support in facing them. As a counsellor, my role is to provide space and guidance to help you negotiate the current situation you are in, find some understanding, relieve emotional and psychological pain and stress, and return some balance to your life to help you face the demands of the modern world. Exploring your thoughts, feelings and behaviours with someone from outside your day-to-day life often leads to a fresh perspective, and perhaps a renewed vision for the future. Not only for you, but for the important people in your life too.
01329 556994 View 01329 556994
Photo of Michela Trainini, Counsellor in SO15, England
Michela Trainini
Counsellor, MA, MBACP Accred
Verified
We all get stuck, from time to time. Sometimes it feels like we cannot move forward. It can be frustrating, constraining and painful. Yet there is energy behind every blockage, and looking at it from above – as if from a bridge – can be the first step to unlocking our potential. This is what I aim to offer to my clients. My approach is creative, in that it adapts to individual needs, and culturally sensitive, as it draws on my experience of transit and change. I practise in English and Italian. Face to face and online.
We all get stuck, from time to time. Sometimes it feels like we cannot move forward. It can be frustrating, constraining and painful. Yet there is energy behind every blockage, and looking at it from above – as if from a bridge – can be the first step to unlocking our potential. This is what I aim to offer to my clients. My approach is creative, in that it adapts to individual needs, and culturally sensitive, as it draws on my experience of transit and change. I practise in English and Italian. Face to face and online.
023 8235 6074 View 023 8235 6074
Photo of Bill Lee, Counsellor in SO15, England
Bill Lee
Counsellor, PhD, MBACP
Verified
Welcome. I am a qualified counsellor and chartered psychologist with years of experience working with individuals and groups. I offer psychotherapeutic counselling online and in Edinburgh and Southampton. Apart from counselling, I have over 27 years' experience of university teaching and research in psychology, which has enriched my practice. I can help with relationships, personality issues, cultural adjustment, identity, anxiety, bereavement, stress, gender, sexuality, self-esteem, life transitions and existential crisis.
Welcome. I am a qualified counsellor and chartered psychologist with years of experience working with individuals and groups. I offer psychotherapeutic counselling online and in Edinburgh and Southampton. Apart from counselling, I have over 27 years' experience of university teaching and research in psychology, which has enriched my practice. I can help with relationships, personality issues, cultural adjustment, identity, anxiety, bereavement, stress, gender, sexuality, self-esteem, life transitions and existential crisis.
0131 357 6226 View 0131 357 6226
Photo of Nathan Bryce, Psychotherapist in SO15, England
Nathan Bryce
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified
When we are experiencing difficulties and our usual means of coping aren’t enough, it can be difficult to know where or who to turn to. Therapy can provide a non-judgemental and expectation free space to reflect on what is going on for us, what changes we might want to make and how we might go about this. I am also qualified to work with young people aged 11 and over, which was an element of my core training.
When we are experiencing difficulties and our usual means of coping aren’t enough, it can be difficult to know where or who to turn to. Therapy can provide a non-judgemental and expectation free space to reflect on what is going on for us, what changes we might want to make and how we might go about this. I am also qualified to work with young people aged 11 and over, which was an element of my core training.
023 9431 1250 View 023 9431 1250
Photo of Andy Wareham, Counsellor in SO15, England
Andy Wareham
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
If you are feeling overwhelmed, anxious, sad or that something is just not quite right, then counselling may well be useful. I provide a safe, calm, confidential and reflective space for you to explore any difficulties you are experiencing. At the heart of my approach is the belief that together we can create awareness of what is causing your current discomfort. I can then support you in making the changes necessary to help restore greater balance and increased wellbeing. I offer a free 15 minute telephone appointment to help you decide if I'm the right counsellor for you.
If you are feeling overwhelmed, anxious, sad or that something is just not quite right, then counselling may well be useful. I provide a safe, calm, confidential and reflective space for you to explore any difficulties you are experiencing. At the heart of my approach is the belief that together we can create awareness of what is causing your current discomfort. I can then support you in making the changes necessary to help restore greater balance and increased wellbeing. I offer a free 15 minute telephone appointment to help you decide if I'm the right counsellor for you.
01962 587254 View 01962 587254
Photo of Doris Prugel-Bennett, Psychotherapist in SO15, England
Doris Prugel-Bennett
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified
You may experience problems in daily functioning, be it difficulties in private, intimate and/or work relationships, engaging in self-harming, symptoms of anxiety and/or depression, or have experienced physical or emotional trauma which continuously and seriously affect your life. Experiences from the past and lack of tools can cause emotional turmoil and stress. Purely being human and experiencing fears of the future can push people to their limits. You might have been given a mental health diagnosis and wish to actively be part of your recovery.
You may experience problems in daily functioning, be it difficulties in private, intimate and/or work relationships, engaging in self-harming, symptoms of anxiety and/or depression, or have experienced physical or emotional trauma which continuously and seriously affect your life. Experiences from the past and lack of tools can cause emotional turmoil and stress. Purely being human and experiencing fears of the future can push people to their limits. You might have been given a mental health diagnosis and wish to actively be part of your recovery.
023 8235 3274 View 023 8235 3274
Photo of Claudia Blanco, Counsellor in SO15, England
Claudia Blanco
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified
1 Endorsed
Hi! My name is Claudia (she/her). I'm a counsellor, therapist, mother, wife, daughter, dog lover, friend among many other roles! The challenges of having all these roles made me reflect on the importance of taking care of our mental health which led to my training in Gestalt Therapy. My profession is my passion and I feel privileged to help transform lives for the better. Many times, the way we deal with our problems and needs ends up keeping us stuck, generating more and more suffering like anxiety, depression and stress.
Hi! My name is Claudia (she/her). I'm a counsellor, therapist, mother, wife, daughter, dog lover, friend among many other roles! The challenges of having all these roles made me reflect on the importance of taking care of our mental health which led to my training in Gestalt Therapy. My profession is my passion and I feel privileged to help transform lives for the better. Many times, the way we deal with our problems and needs ends up keeping us stuck, generating more and more suffering like anxiety, depression and stress.
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See more therapy options for SO15

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in SO15

40+

Average cost per session

£60

Counsellors in SO15 who prioritize treating:

90% Depression
90% Anxiety
83% Relationship Issues
83% Self Esteem
73% Stress
61% Bereavement
61% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

88% Aviva
63% AXA PPP
63% Vitality

How Counsellors in SO15 see their clients

86% In Person and Online
14% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
20% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in SO15?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.