Photo of Shelley Bradley-Scholey, Psychotherapist in SO31, England
Shelley Bradley-Scholey
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Accredited CBT, EMDR or Integrated therapy or Counselling. I provide honest, approachable and down to earth therapy. If you have difficulties with a painful past or problems that are getting in the way of your life currently I can help you. You may want to change how you think and feel about yourself or understand difficult emotions. I have 20 years’ experience in helping people recover and reclaim their life. I know sometimes people can find the prospect of therapy unnerving, I try hard to make people feel at ease by delivering therapy in an open and common-sense way, I am friendly and kind. Fully professionally registered.
Accredited CBT, EMDR or Integrated therapy or Counselling. I provide honest, approachable and down to earth therapy. If you have difficulties with a painful past or problems that are getting in the way of your life currently I can help you. You may want to change how you think and feel about yourself or understand difficult emotions. I have 20 years’ experience in helping people recover and reclaim their life. I know sometimes people can find the prospect of therapy unnerving, I try hard to make people feel at ease by delivering therapy in an open and common-sense way, I am friendly and kind. Fully professionally registered.
View
Photo of Grant Woodall, Counsellor in SO31, England
Grant Woodall
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hello, I'm Woody — a Person-Centred Psychotherapist, Addiction and Recovery Counsellor with a passion for mental health and well-being. Over the last 50 years, I've worn many hats—a Dad, Husband, ex 'Corporate Suit,' Mature Student, Camper Van enthusiast and I've even worked in a Prison. These diverse experiences have guided me towards the Humanist approach to counselling and psychotherapy, drawing inspiration from the work of Carl Rogers and the Person-Centred Approach.
Hello, I'm Woody — a Person-Centred Psychotherapist, Addiction and Recovery Counsellor with a passion for mental health and well-being. Over the last 50 years, I've worn many hats—a Dad, Husband, ex 'Corporate Suit,' Mature Student, Camper Van enthusiast and I've even worked in a Prison. These diverse experiences have guided me towards the Humanist approach to counselling and psychotherapy, drawing inspiration from the work of Carl Rogers and the Person-Centred Approach.
01329 759305 View 01329 759305
Photo of Katy Jones, Counsellor in SO31, England
Katy Jones
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Waitlist for new clients
Modern life seems to offer more and more challenges, and more and more people are looking for support in facing them. As a counsellor, my role is to provide space and guidance to help you negotiate the current situation you are in, find some understanding, relieve emotional and psychological pain and stress, and return some balance to your life to help you face the demands of the modern world. Exploring your thoughts, feelings and behaviours with someone from outside your day-to-day life often leads to a fresh perspective, and perhaps a renewed vision for the future. Not only for you, but for the important people in your life too.
Modern life seems to offer more and more challenges, and more and more people are looking for support in facing them. As a counsellor, my role is to provide space and guidance to help you negotiate the current situation you are in, find some understanding, relieve emotional and psychological pain and stress, and return some balance to your life to help you face the demands of the modern world. Exploring your thoughts, feelings and behaviours with someone from outside your day-to-day life often leads to a fresh perspective, and perhaps a renewed vision for the future. Not only for you, but for the important people in your life too.
01329 556994 View 01329 556994
Photo of Megan Baker-Stevens, Counsellor in SO31, England
Megan Baker-Stevens
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Waitlist for new clients
Do you feel stuck, sad, or anxious? Are you an adult struggling with life right now? Or a parent concerned for your child or teen? Life can throw up difficulties at any time, a difficult childhood, trauma, or a relationship breakdown. You or your child may have experienced bullying, difficulties fitting in or managing social and cultural expectations. These experiences can lead to the development of anxiety and low mood, self esteem issues, and other mental health difficulties. Therapy can help you to understand yourself, and the impact of your thoughts and behaviours more deeply.
Do you feel stuck, sad, or anxious? Are you an adult struggling with life right now? Or a parent concerned for your child or teen? Life can throw up difficulties at any time, a difficult childhood, trauma, or a relationship breakdown. You or your child may have experienced bullying, difficulties fitting in or managing social and cultural expectations. These experiences can lead to the development of anxiety and low mood, self esteem issues, and other mental health difficulties. Therapy can help you to understand yourself, and the impact of your thoughts and behaviours more deeply.
01202 037516 View 01202 037516
Photo of Orah Bradshaw, Psychotherapist in SO31, England
Orah Bradshaw
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Do you believe you are doing the best you can but unfortunately often end up experiencing repetitive cycles of hurt and misunderstanding? When couples enter my counselling room, they are often filled with pain and despair. They look to me, to address their conflicts, help them recover from distress and repair their relationships.
Do you believe you are doing the best you can but unfortunately often end up experiencing repetitive cycles of hurt and misunderstanding? When couples enter my counselling room, they are often filled with pain and despair. They look to me, to address their conflicts, help them recover from distress and repair their relationships.
023 8235 3732 View 023 8235 3732
Photo of Jamie Tavener, Psychotherapist in SO31, England
Jamie Tavener
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hi, my name is Jamie (she/her) and I am the therapist and owner of Lucent Counselling and Psychotherapy. I am a person-centred therapist offering talk therapy both in-person and online. Working in a person-centred way means I value and respect the uniqueness of each person. I aim to offer a warm & confidential space in which you can explore your thoughts and feelings, whether that’s healing past pains or working through present difficulties. I offer a free 15 minute introductory call to give us the opportunity to make contact, talk through what is bringing you to therapy and for you to get to know me and how I work.
Hi, my name is Jamie (she/her) and I am the therapist and owner of Lucent Counselling and Psychotherapy. I am a person-centred therapist offering talk therapy both in-person and online. Working in a person-centred way means I value and respect the uniqueness of each person. I aim to offer a warm & confidential space in which you can explore your thoughts and feelings, whether that’s healing past pains or working through present difficulties. I offer a free 15 minute introductory call to give us the opportunity to make contact, talk through what is bringing you to therapy and for you to get to know me and how I work.
01329 551488 View 01329 551488
Photo of Catherine Carter, Counsellor in SO31, England
Catherine Carter
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hi, I'm Catherine and I am a BACP registered Person Centred counsellor. At times we can feel overwhelmed by life - past experiences, difficulties in the present and fears about the future. Counselling can be very helpful during these difficult times. It can enable us change the way we think about feel about things. It can help us explore our thoughts surrounding a particular issue, even when that might be challenging, and increase our self-confidence and self-esteem as we gain a deeper understanding of ourselves. By talking through things we all have the power to change our thinking and thrive as a result.
Hi, I'm Catherine and I am a BACP registered Person Centred counsellor. At times we can feel overwhelmed by life - past experiences, difficulties in the present and fears about the future. Counselling can be very helpful during these difficult times. It can enable us change the way we think about feel about things. It can help us explore our thoughts surrounding a particular issue, even when that might be challenging, and increase our self-confidence and self-esteem as we gain a deeper understanding of ourselves. By talking through things we all have the power to change our thinking and thrive as a result.
01329 557286 View 01329 557286
Photo of Claire Wain, Counsellor in SO31, England
Claire Wain
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hello there and welcome. Sometimes life can be overwhelming for all sorts of reasons and we may need a little help to try and work our way through it. Counselling can give us the help we need, by offering a safe place to sit with someone who is there to help you through those tough times. I understand that the decision to have counselling can perhaps be a difficult one, but I believe that together we can ease those fears and anxieties. Then, as we begin to develop a therapeutic and healing relationship, you will hopefully begin to feel more able to share all that is on your mind.
Hello there and welcome. Sometimes life can be overwhelming for all sorts of reasons and we may need a little help to try and work our way through it. Counselling can give us the help we need, by offering a safe place to sit with someone who is there to help you through those tough times. I understand that the decision to have counselling can perhaps be a difficult one, but I believe that together we can ease those fears and anxieties. Then, as we begin to develop a therapeutic and healing relationship, you will hopefully begin to feel more able to share all that is on your mind.
01489 357193 View 01489 357193
Photo of Emma Sacker, Counsellor in SO31, England
Emma Sacker
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Waitlist for new clients
I am currently NOT taking new clients and will update when I have more space. You will have your own reasons for coming to therapy. You may be finding it hard to cope, have a desire for change or life’s challenges may leave you anxious, stressed or depressed. You may feel stuck and unable to move forward or alone with difficult thoughts and feelings. I'm an empathetic, non-judgemental therapist who offers a confidential space where you can feel safe, understood and trusted as you start to explore the reasons why you feel as you do. I will support you to understand the challenges you face and the changes you wish to make.
I am currently NOT taking new clients and will update when I have more space. You will have your own reasons for coming to therapy. You may be finding it hard to cope, have a desire for change or life’s challenges may leave you anxious, stressed or depressed. You may feel stuck and unable to move forward or alone with difficult thoughts and feelings. I'm an empathetic, non-judgemental therapist who offers a confidential space where you can feel safe, understood and trusted as you start to explore the reasons why you feel as you do. I will support you to understand the challenges you face and the changes you wish to make.
01329 756788 View 01329 756788
Photo of Alana Sketcher, Counsellor in SO31, England
Alana Sketcher
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hello, My name is Alana, I am a fully qualified Humanistic Counsellor based at Watt Health in Salisbury Green. I believe that nothing is more important than the relationship between client and counsellor and therefore my main aim is to offer you a space where you feel comfortable and safe to be able to talk and work through your feelings.
Hello, My name is Alana, I am a fully qualified Humanistic Counsellor based at Watt Health in Salisbury Green. I believe that nothing is more important than the relationship between client and counsellor and therefore my main aim is to offer you a space where you feel comfortable and safe to be able to talk and work through your feelings.
01329 558313 View 01329 558313
Photo of Jan Gay, Counsellor in SO31, England
Jan Gay
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
I can help with a wide range of issues including feeling anxious, depressed, finding it difficult to cope, relationship and family issues, bereavement, being worried or confused about your sexuality or gender, dealing with effects of sexual, mental or physical abuse, lack of confidence, low self esteem, panic attacks, managing anger or frustration, difficulties at school, work or college, OCD, the impact of trauma, coping with change, worries about drinking or drug use, self harm, resolving 'unfinished business’ and compulsive behaviours. I am a qualified supervisor, EMDR therapist and accredited by the BACP.
I can help with a wide range of issues including feeling anxious, depressed, finding it difficult to cope, relationship and family issues, bereavement, being worried or confused about your sexuality or gender, dealing with effects of sexual, mental or physical abuse, lack of confidence, low self esteem, panic attacks, managing anger or frustration, difficulties at school, work or college, OCD, the impact of trauma, coping with change, worries about drinking or drug use, self harm, resolving 'unfinished business’ and compulsive behaviours. I am a qualified supervisor, EMDR therapist and accredited by the BACP.
023 8214 6397 View 023 8214 6397
Photo of Gaynor Williams, Counsellor in SO31, England
Gaynor Williams
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
I am a highly experienced counsellor and my aim is to create a positive, trusting environment in which I help you to help yourself. I provide a safe and caring professional counselling and psychotherapy service. I am an empathic and approachable person working in a non-judgemental and confidential way. By exploring your past, the causes of present day problems are often revealed. We can't change the past, but we can gain understanding allowing you to relate differently to yourself, others and problems in order to choose to make changes or find acceptance.
I am a highly experienced counsellor and my aim is to create a positive, trusting environment in which I help you to help yourself. I provide a safe and caring professional counselling and psychotherapy service. I am an empathic and approachable person working in a non-judgemental and confidential way. By exploring your past, the causes of present day problems are often revealed. We can't change the past, but we can gain understanding allowing you to relate differently to yourself, others and problems in order to choose to make changes or find acceptance.
023 8235 6102 View 023 8235 6102
Photo of Catherine Davies Counselling, Counsellor in SO31, England
Catherine Davies Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hello, I am a qualified and registered counsellor. Understandably, contacting a counsellor can be daunting. However, if you are feeling overwhelmed, anxious, disconnected, depressed, lost or are feeling 'something is missing' and you need support, it could be the best decision you ever make. Although talking to a friend or colleague is often helpful, and offers some temporary relief, we sometimes need a professionally trained therapist to 'really hear us' and to listen out for unhelpful patterns of behaviour/beliefs that are keeping us stuck or unhappy. With awareness we have new choices, we can regain control of our lives, forever.
Hello, I am a qualified and registered counsellor. Understandably, contacting a counsellor can be daunting. However, if you are feeling overwhelmed, anxious, disconnected, depressed, lost or are feeling 'something is missing' and you need support, it could be the best decision you ever make. Although talking to a friend or colleague is often helpful, and offers some temporary relief, we sometimes need a professionally trained therapist to 'really hear us' and to listen out for unhelpful patterns of behaviour/beliefs that are keeping us stuck or unhappy. With awareness we have new choices, we can regain control of our lives, forever.
01329 756453 View 01329 756453
Photo of Helen-Melissa Crew, Counsellor in SO31, England
Helen-Melissa Crew
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Are you feeling sad, anxious or stressed? Is life feeling overwhelming or too challenging? Perhaps you are needing help to overcome anxiety, panic attacks, depression, are suffering low self-confidence or are experiencing relationship or family difficulties? Whatever your reason for counselling, whether it's big or small... get in touch to see how I can help. I am a fully qualified BACP Counsellor and Psychotherapist offering a professional, confidential Counselling Service.
Are you feeling sad, anxious or stressed? Is life feeling overwhelming or too challenging? Perhaps you are needing help to overcome anxiety, panic attacks, depression, are suffering low self-confidence or are experiencing relationship or family difficulties? Whatever your reason for counselling, whether it's big or small... get in touch to see how I can help. I am a fully qualified BACP Counsellor and Psychotherapist offering a professional, confidential Counselling Service.
07881 743121 View 07881 743121
Photo of Samantha Piper, Psychotherapist in SO31, England
Samantha Piper
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Warsash SO31
I’m Sam and I’m a BABCP accredited cognitive behaviour therapist. I support people who are experiencing depression or anxiety, helping them to reach their goals and improve their quality of life. I aim to support clients to have a better understanding of their difficulties and then work collaboratively together to understand how to change the things that are no longer helpful. I believe that therapy works best when people are active participants and I will support people to do this from the beginning to the end of their treatment, with an empathetic and compassionate approach.
I’m Sam and I’m a BABCP accredited cognitive behaviour therapist. I support people who are experiencing depression or anxiety, helping them to reach their goals and improve their quality of life. I aim to support clients to have a better understanding of their difficulties and then work collaboratively together to understand how to change the things that are no longer helpful. I believe that therapy works best when people are active participants and I will support people to do this from the beginning to the end of their treatment, with an empathetic and compassionate approach.
01329 551314 View 01329 551314
Photo of Wendy Jane Dunbar, Psychotherapist in SO31, England
Wendy Jane Dunbar
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Do you have thoughts around not being good enough and feel stagnant and stuck in a world that at times can feel overwhelming and suffocating, leaving you possibly feeling isolated from others? Maybe this has also led to feelings of anxiety, loneliness, and depression. Or maybe you have suffered an unimaginable, indescribable loss of someone or something dear to you and it has inflicted a deep wound that left you feeling numbness or excruciating pain? Life continues on, but your world is shaken and has taken on a surrealness where you no longer feel physically present or able to function.
Do you have thoughts around not being good enough and feel stagnant and stuck in a world that at times can feel overwhelming and suffocating, leaving you possibly feeling isolated from others? Maybe this has also led to feelings of anxiety, loneliness, and depression. Or maybe you have suffered an unimaginable, indescribable loss of someone or something dear to you and it has inflicted a deep wound that left you feeling numbness or excruciating pain? Life continues on, but your world is shaken and has taken on a surrealness where you no longer feel physically present or able to function.
01329 551170 View 01329 551170
Photo of Elizabeth Rose, Counsellor in SO31, England
Elizabeth Rose
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Netley SO31
I am a Gestalt Therapist. My Counselling Room is very spacious, safe & secure. It provides a confidential environment for you to express yourself freely & openly in any way you feel comfortable, about any issues you have to deal with, without fear of judgement or offending or upsetting those closest to you, family, friends or colleagues. A place where you're able to be honest with yourself, about how situations or events affect you personally, where you can explore those feelings, thoughts & emotions that can sometimes be hard to deal with. COVID-19 SAFETY MEASURES:- F2F (With 2m Social Distancing), PHONE & ZOOM Availablity.
I am a Gestalt Therapist. My Counselling Room is very spacious, safe & secure. It provides a confidential environment for you to express yourself freely & openly in any way you feel comfortable, about any issues you have to deal with, without fear of judgement or offending or upsetting those closest to you, family, friends or colleagues. A place where you're able to be honest with yourself, about how situations or events affect you personally, where you can explore those feelings, thoughts & emotions that can sometimes be hard to deal with. COVID-19 SAFETY MEASURES:- F2F (With 2m Social Distancing), PHONE & ZOOM Availablity.
023 8235 6098 View 023 8235 6098
Photo of Charlotte Bird, Counsellor in SO31, England
Charlotte Bird
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hello, I’m Charlotte. Thank you for taking the time to look at my profile. I am a Person-Centred Therapist offering face-to-face, online and telephone counselling for Adults and Children & Young People from my private practice in Whiteley. Alongside my private practice, I am also a counsellor at a charity, supporting adults, children and young people who have experienced sexual abuse and trauma.
Hello, I’m Charlotte. Thank you for taking the time to look at my profile. I am a Person-Centred Therapist offering face-to-face, online and telephone counselling for Adults and Children & Young People from my private practice in Whiteley. Alongside my private practice, I am also a counsellor at a charity, supporting adults, children and young people who have experienced sexual abuse and trauma.
01329 756784 View 01329 756784
Photo of Grace Durden, Counsellor in SO31, England
Grace Durden
Counsellor, MSc, BACP
Verified Verified
We are living in a world where we have forgotten how to communicate. Stuck on our phones and in our online world. Are you struggling with the idea that the social contract is broken? Do you feel you have lost your identity, lost your purpose, do you have feelings of being stuck, are life changes affecting you, do you want to know who are you now? Your experiences write your story. Let’s work out how your stories affect your relationships with yourself and others. Who do you want to be? What do you want the rest of your story to say?
We are living in a world where we have forgotten how to communicate. Stuck on our phones and in our online world. Are you struggling with the idea that the social contract is broken? Do you feel you have lost your identity, lost your purpose, do you have feelings of being stuck, are life changes affecting you, do you want to know who are you now? Your experiences write your story. Let’s work out how your stories affect your relationships with yourself and others. Who do you want to be? What do you want the rest of your story to say?
01329 551395 View 01329 551395
Photo of Sinead Mitchell, Counsellor in SO31, England
Sinead Mitchell
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
I’m Sinead Mitchell and I’ve been working as a counsellor for the past two decades. Counselling young people, couples and individuals, I work with a wide range of people through the community. Issues such as anxiety, depression, relationships, sexuality, gender issues and menopause are common areas that I support clients through. Working with various therapy styles, including EMDR, Gestalt, Humanistic and Holistic, I aim to match the counselling needs to each individual or couple that I see. My specialism is the field of infertility, pregnancy, birth, early parenting through to perimenopause and menopause.
I’m Sinead Mitchell and I’ve been working as a counsellor for the past two decades. Counselling young people, couples and individuals, I work with a wide range of people through the community. Issues such as anxiety, depression, relationships, sexuality, gender issues and menopause are common areas that I support clients through. Working with various therapy styles, including EMDR, Gestalt, Humanistic and Holistic, I aim to match the counselling needs to each individual or couple that I see. My specialism is the field of infertility, pregnancy, birth, early parenting through to perimenopause and menopause.
01489 346863 View 01489 346863

See more therapy options for SO31

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in SO31

20+

Average cost per session

£55

Counsellors in SO31 who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
100% Self Esteem
91% Depression
82% Stress
77% Relationship Issues
77% Bereavement
77% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

40% WPA
20% Aviva
20% AXA PPP

How Counsellors in SO31 see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

96% Female
4% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in SO31?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.