Therapists in Oklahoma

View cities and counties in Oklahoma
Photo of Julie Mullins-Marshall, Licensed Professional Counselor in Oklahoma
Julie Mullins-Marshall
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Tulsa, OK 74133
The steps in reaching out for help can be a daunting task. I am here to help you clear the path toward wellbeing & happiness in your life. Whether this involves confronting your innermost feelings, examining the past & letting go of learned defenses, or you are looking for help in overcoming other tough challenges in life, I will walk alongside you to find direction & support in this journey. I enjoy working with clients in exploring ways to learn to live in the “here & now” successfully. Aligning with a client’s goals & needs, my approach is to provide a safe, secure space to move through self-discovery, healing & empowerment.
The steps in reaching out for help can be a daunting task. I am here to help you clear the path toward wellbeing & happiness in your life. Whether this involves confronting your innermost feelings, examining the past & letting go of learned defenses, or you are looking for help in overcoming other tough challenges in life, I will walk alongside you to find direction & support in this journey. I enjoy working with clients in exploring ways to learn to live in the “here & now” successfully. Aligning with a client’s goals & needs, my approach is to provide a safe, secure space to move through self-discovery, healing & empowerment.
(918) 302-2008 View (918) 302-2008
Photo of Fay O’Neill, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oklahoma
Fay O’Neill
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, SEP, CYT-500, TCTSY-F
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Bartlesville, OK 74003
I believe that complex trauma occurs within relationship & can only be healed within a relationship that provides steady cues of safety & attunement. My hope is to allow space for the body to tell its story so that your nervous system can move up & out of a state of survival & into a state of connection, presence, & balance. We will also work to dis-identify with & unburden from the beliefs, emotions, labels, & stories we tell, bringing them into awareness, showering them with compassion, while acknowledging the adaptive purpose they once provided but are now keeping us stuck.
I believe that complex trauma occurs within relationship & can only be healed within a relationship that provides steady cues of safety & attunement. My hope is to allow space for the body to tell its story so that your nervous system can move up & out of a state of survival & into a state of connection, presence, & balance. We will also work to dis-identify with & unburden from the beliefs, emotions, labels, & stories we tell, bringing them into awareness, showering them with compassion, while acknowledging the adaptive purpose they once provided but are now keeping us stuck.
(539) 766-9064 View (539) 766-9064
Photo of Crystal D. Coetzee, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in Oklahoma
Crystal D. Coetzee
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, MA, LADC/MH, PLLC
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73112
As a Licensed Counselor, I'm here to help you understand and manage whatever life throws at you, and how to do it successfully. It is my goal to provide a safe environment and develop a therapeutic relationship with trust and empathy. I will assist you with tools and solutions to overcome obstacles, and to accomplish your own unique goals. We will work together to help you achieve healing and meaningful change.
As a Licensed Counselor, I'm here to help you understand and manage whatever life throws at you, and how to do it successfully. It is my goal to provide a safe environment and develop a therapeutic relationship with trust and empathy. I will assist you with tools and solutions to overcome obstacles, and to accomplish your own unique goals. We will work together to help you achieve healing and meaningful change.
(405) 276-4440 View (405) 276-4440
Photo of Julia Core, Psychologist in Oklahoma
Julia Core
Psychologist, PsyD, LP
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Tulsa, OK 74105
Waitlist for new clients
Congratulations on your brave choice to reach out to a new therapist! I understand this process can feel daunting and welcome the opportunity to find out if I am a good fit for you. I approach therapy with openness, authenticity, and transparency. I hope to create a safe space for processing, healing, and genuine connection. I believe your therapist works for you and that treatment should be collaborative. I love helping clients discover their truest selves. I take my work very seriously, but don't take myself too seriously and believe in finding humor in the journey to healing.
Congratulations on your brave choice to reach out to a new therapist! I understand this process can feel daunting and welcome the opportunity to find out if I am a good fit for you. I approach therapy with openness, authenticity, and transparency. I hope to create a safe space for processing, healing, and genuine connection. I believe your therapist works for you and that treatment should be collaborative. I love helping clients discover their truest selves. I take my work very seriously, but don't take myself too seriously and believe in finding humor in the journey to healing.
(918) 842-3207 View (918) 842-3207
Photo of Adrianna N. Taylor, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oklahoma
Adrianna N. Taylor
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, BCD
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73104  (Online Only)
You have to be strong. All. The. Damn. Time. And that’s just become too much. Even for you. You have BIG feelings and may even cry when you’re alone, but hide them so the world can’t use them against you. You’re exhausted. But you can’t slow down for fear of what may happen if painful memories overwhelm you. Your internal voice is relentlessly mean and you want to shut it up, but you don’t even know if it’s possible to truly accept yourself. You know far too many people have too much access to your physical space or emotional energy, but you learned this is how to keep people around and saying “no” leaves you alone or rejected.
You have to be strong. All. The. Damn. Time. And that’s just become too much. Even for you. You have BIG feelings and may even cry when you’re alone, but hide them so the world can’t use them against you. You’re exhausted. But you can’t slow down for fear of what may happen if painful memories overwhelm you. Your internal voice is relentlessly mean and you want to shut it up, but you don’t even know if it’s possible to truly accept yourself. You know far too many people have too much access to your physical space or emotional energy, but you learned this is how to keep people around and saying “no” leaves you alone or rejected.
(405) 267-8089 View (405) 267-8089
Photo of Ethan Randall, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oklahoma
Ethan Randall
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, CCTP
Verified Verified
Tahlequah, OK 74464
Life is hard - no one was meant to have to figure it out on their own including YOU. Maybe you have hard stuff from the past to deal with, maybe you're caught up thinking about the future, maybe you're just trying to manage with parenting and adulting, or maybe your relationships aren't what you wish they were. Wherever you are in life, whatever you're dealing with, I'll meet you where you are and walk along side you. Together we can find your path to a more hopeful future and uncover some joy along the way. That's what we all really want anyhow isn't it - to find our joy.
Life is hard - no one was meant to have to figure it out on their own including YOU. Maybe you have hard stuff from the past to deal with, maybe you're caught up thinking about the future, maybe you're just trying to manage with parenting and adulting, or maybe your relationships aren't what you wish they were. Wherever you are in life, whatever you're dealing with, I'll meet you where you are and walk along side you. Together we can find your path to a more hopeful future and uncover some joy along the way. That's what we all really want anyhow isn't it - to find our joy.
(918) 262-8948 View (918) 262-8948
Photo of Stephanie Sandberg, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in Oklahoma
Stephanie Sandberg
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, MS, LADC/MH
Verified Verified
Moore, OK 73160
Coming to the realization that you need help on your journey of your personal life story is the hardest part. I am here to help organize your thoughts effectively and to help you learn skills that will give you the relief you need. Your life is unique, both good and bad, and I am honored to have you give me the privilege of helping you with your choices moving forward. Your life story and your journey moving forward from here does not have to be as difficult, hectic, and uncontrollable as it is now. I want to help you make the decisions necessary to succeed and be proud of your own accomplishments moving forward.
Coming to the realization that you need help on your journey of your personal life story is the hardest part. I am here to help organize your thoughts effectively and to help you learn skills that will give you the relief you need. Your life is unique, both good and bad, and I am honored to have you give me the privilege of helping you with your choices moving forward. Your life story and your journey moving forward from here does not have to be as difficult, hectic, and uncontrollable as it is now. I want to help you make the decisions necessary to succeed and be proud of your own accomplishments moving forward.
(405) 422-9735 View (405) 422-9735
Photo of Focus Mental Health Services, LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in Oklahoma
Focus Mental Health Services, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, PsyD, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Shawnee, OK 74804
I have experience working with clients of all ages and backgrounds. I utilize a multifaceted approach to help my clients succeed. All of my therapy is individualized to you and your needs. I enjoy helping couples with relationship issues and sexual problems as well as helping individuals with issues such as trauma, depression, anxiety, anger, and sexual addictions. I am trained in emotionally focused therapy (EFT), the Gottman method, and the use of EMDR and hypnotherapy, as well as various counseling techniques, such as CBT. I believe the most important component of therapy is the relationship I build with my clients.
I have experience working with clients of all ages and backgrounds. I utilize a multifaceted approach to help my clients succeed. All of my therapy is individualized to you and your needs. I enjoy helping couples with relationship issues and sexual problems as well as helping individuals with issues such as trauma, depression, anxiety, anger, and sexual addictions. I am trained in emotionally focused therapy (EFT), the Gottman method, and the use of EMDR and hypnotherapy, as well as various counseling techniques, such as CBT. I believe the most important component of therapy is the relationship I build with my clients.
(405) 310-9919 View (405) 310-9919
Photo of Taylor Barnett, Licensed Professional Counselor in Oklahoma
Taylor Barnett
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
Norman, OK 73069  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor in both Oklahoma and Texas. Therapy is something that has changed my own life and led me to become a counselor myself. Counseling is a journey that a person embarks on to make sense of their past experiences and find tools to help them be in the here and now fully. I believe that the relationship we build in therapy is the foundation for you to begin the powerful work of finding meaning in life. I will be the person that journeys alongside you as you explore the intricacies of life.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor in both Oklahoma and Texas. Therapy is something that has changed my own life and led me to become a counselor myself. Counseling is a journey that a person embarks on to make sense of their past experiences and find tools to help them be in the here and now fully. I believe that the relationship we build in therapy is the foundation for you to begin the powerful work of finding meaning in life. I will be the person that journeys alongside you as you explore the intricacies of life.
(469) 529-6187 View (469) 529-6187
Photo of Dr. Wendy Fine-Thomas, Psychologist in Oklahoma
Dr. Wendy Fine-Thomas
Psychologist, PhD, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Edmond, OK 73013
As a clinical psychologist for more than twenty-five years, I have become skilled at helping successful, professional women move forward in life. I work with women who “have it all” but feel like imposters in their own lives. I foster a calm yet intellectually challenging environment for women - physicians, therapists, and executives - to learn about themselves. We explore how professional roles impact mothering, friendships, and intimacy. I utilize my skills, education, and professional resources to help women move beyond feeling emotionally paralyzed to create a more peaceful life of meaning and connection.
As a clinical psychologist for more than twenty-five years, I have become skilled at helping successful, professional women move forward in life. I work with women who “have it all” but feel like imposters in their own lives. I foster a calm yet intellectually challenging environment for women - physicians, therapists, and executives - to learn about themselves. We explore how professional roles impact mothering, friendships, and intimacy. I utilize my skills, education, and professional resources to help women move beyond feeling emotionally paralyzed to create a more peaceful life of meaning and connection.
(405) 915-0024 View (405) 915-0024
Photo of Hayley Wood, LPC Candidate in Oklahoma
Hayley Wood
LPC Candidate, LPC-C
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Tulsa, OK 74133
Hi there! I'm here to introduce myself and let you know what I bring to the table as a therapist. Picture me as your compassionate guide through life's twists and turns. I believe deeply in the power of human connection and the potential for growth within each of us. Whether you're grappling with anxiety, navigating past traumas, or simply seeking clarity in a noisy world, I'm here to offer support and guidance.
Hi there! I'm here to introduce myself and let you know what I bring to the table as a therapist. Picture me as your compassionate guide through life's twists and turns. I believe deeply in the power of human connection and the potential for growth within each of us. Whether you're grappling with anxiety, navigating past traumas, or simply seeking clarity in a noisy world, I'm here to offer support and guidance.
(918) 380-2432 View (918) 380-2432
Photo of Garrett Pollert, Psychologist in Oklahoma
Garrett Pollert
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Stillwater, OK 74076
I'm a clinical psychologist able to treat a variety of issues, including anxiety, depression, binge eating, emotional eating, eating disorders, and trauma. I also am able to assist with related difficulties, including uncontrollable emotions and weight loss. I've published research in these areas, and as a professor have trained future researchers and clinicians in them as well. All treatments I use are based on strong research to support their effectiveness - including cognitive-behavioral therapies, acceptance and mindfulness-based treatment, dialectical behavior therapy, and exposure therapy.
I'm a clinical psychologist able to treat a variety of issues, including anxiety, depression, binge eating, emotional eating, eating disorders, and trauma. I also am able to assist with related difficulties, including uncontrollable emotions and weight loss. I've published research in these areas, and as a professor have trained future researchers and clinicians in them as well. All treatments I use are based on strong research to support their effectiveness - including cognitive-behavioral therapies, acceptance and mindfulness-based treatment, dialectical behavior therapy, and exposure therapy.
(405) 356-6045 View (405) 356-6045
Photo of Travis Cephus, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in Oklahoma
Travis Cephus
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, MA, LADC-MH
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73105
Freedom from emotional pain is available today! Working with Travis you will gain coping skills and emotional freedom to manage/resolve the problems of the present and past.
Freedom from emotional pain is available today! Working with Travis you will gain coping skills and emotional freedom to manage/resolve the problems of the present and past.
(405) 591-8472 View (405) 591-8472
Photo of Lauren Faris, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oklahoma
Lauren Faris
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Edmond, OK 73013
I am accepting new patients at this time, both in-person and telehealth services. As an experienced therapist I am here to help and begin diving into the areas that you are ready to work on in therapy. We will begin immediately by discussing your goals and what you hope to get out of therapy. I know that sometimes finding the right therapist can be overwhelming, which is why I will try to make the process as easy as possible once you are ready to begin.
I am accepting new patients at this time, both in-person and telehealth services. As an experienced therapist I am here to help and begin diving into the areas that you are ready to work on in therapy. We will begin immediately by discussing your goals and what you hope to get out of therapy. I know that sometimes finding the right therapist can be overwhelming, which is why I will try to make the process as easy as possible once you are ready to begin.
(405) 347-8768 View (405) 347-8768
Photo of Megan Secrest, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oklahoma
Megan Secrest
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, PMH-C
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Edmond, OK 73013
Not accepting new clients
Everyday, you wish you could just curl up underneath your blankets and watch your early 2000s emotional support TV show (i.e. The Office,Law &Order: SVU, etc.) on repeat. You feel like you're failing in the real world. You find yourself scrolling endlessly on social media, feeling inadequate and overwhelmed. The anxious parts of you tell you that 'you're different' or 'something's wrong with you' or 'you'll never be able to have the life you want.' Sometimes, you think you're the only adult that doesn't know how to "adult" properly. Why is being a functioning human so hard?
Everyday, you wish you could just curl up underneath your blankets and watch your early 2000s emotional support TV show (i.e. The Office,Law &Order: SVU, etc.) on repeat. You feel like you're failing in the real world. You find yourself scrolling endlessly on social media, feeling inadequate and overwhelmed. The anxious parts of you tell you that 'you're different' or 'something's wrong with you' or 'you'll never be able to have the life you want.' Sometimes, you think you're the only adult that doesn't know how to "adult" properly. Why is being a functioning human so hard?
(405) 876-4755 View (405) 876-4755
Photo of Brenda Coomer Black, Marriage & Family Therapist in Oklahoma
Brenda Coomer Black
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT, LPC-S, CCTP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jenks, OK 74037
I believe that life is a process - and we are all IN process. I am passionate about helping you define and redefine yourself, supporting you through any life transition you may find yourself in. There are always options and often, they just need to be identified. I would consider it an honor to partner with you as you move into a new place of freedom.
I believe that life is a process - and we are all IN process. I am passionate about helping you define and redefine yourself, supporting you through any life transition you may find yourself in. There are always options and often, they just need to be identified. I would consider it an honor to partner with you as you move into a new place of freedom.
(918) 578-2481 View (918) 578-2481
Photo of Mr. Metaphysical Health & Wellness, Licensed Professional Counselor in Oklahoma
Mr. Metaphysical Health & Wellness
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73116
ALL healing is mental AND spiritual, NOT only physical!" -Edgar Cayce Reading 1158-27 Are you aware, that, during COVID-19, many major companies recommended that everyone wear masks, unless the person stated that their religious or spiritual beliefs were against wearing masks, in which case they then wouldn’t have to wear one? In other words, big companies, many institutions, and many state laws acknowledge that a person’s core beliefs and values are intertwined with their behavior.
ALL healing is mental AND spiritual, NOT only physical!" -Edgar Cayce Reading 1158-27 Are you aware, that, during COVID-19, many major companies recommended that everyone wear masks, unless the person stated that their religious or spiritual beliefs were against wearing masks, in which case they then wouldn’t have to wear one? In other words, big companies, many institutions, and many state laws acknowledge that a person’s core beliefs and values are intertwined with their behavior.
(405) 266-1315 View (405) 266-1315
Photo of Andrea Sapp, Licensed Professional Counselor in Oklahoma
Andrea Sapp
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Tecumseh, OK 74873
As a Parent Child Interaction therapist, I believe the child, through their relationship with their caregiver, comes to form an appropriate understanding of their world and of themselves. I help the child understand their world through collaboration with their caregivers. Of utmost importance is the quality of the relationship between the child and their caregivers.
As a Parent Child Interaction therapist, I believe the child, through their relationship with their caregiver, comes to form an appropriate understanding of their world and of themselves. I help the child understand their world through collaboration with their caregivers. Of utmost importance is the quality of the relationship between the child and their caregivers.
(405) 369-5311 View (405) 369-5311
Photo of Amanda Heaney, Licensed Professional Counselor in Oklahoma
Amanda Heaney
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73116
Not accepting new clients
People seek counseling for different reasons—perhaps for a specific event like death, divorce, illness, moving, or birth. Other times, the reason is more difficult to identify. It could be a general sense of overwhelm or that something is off balance within ourselves or our important relationships. Because we are shaped by our environments and past experiences, often, and despite our best efforts, we find ourselves repeating patterns that keep us stuck and in conflict. This can cause feelings of confusion and frustration, and impact our relationship with ourselves and those we care about most, in ways we may not yet understand.
People seek counseling for different reasons—perhaps for a specific event like death, divorce, illness, moving, or birth. Other times, the reason is more difficult to identify. It could be a general sense of overwhelm or that something is off balance within ourselves or our important relationships. Because we are shaped by our environments and past experiences, often, and despite our best efforts, we find ourselves repeating patterns that keep us stuck and in conflict. This can cause feelings of confusion and frustration, and impact our relationship with ourselves and those we care about most, in ways we may not yet understand.
(405) 266-6740 View (405) 266-6740
Photo of Louis Anderson, Counselor in Oklahoma
Louis Anderson
Counselor, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
Tulsa, OK 74145
I have been working in the helping profession since 1990. He completed his bachelor’s degree in 1985 and Masters in Counselor Education in 1988, both from the University of Virginia. Louis believes that wounds in our lives do not only fester but put down roots. Unaddressed and unattended these roots grow deeper, stronger, and more harmful. Louis has experience working with Mood Disorders, Personality Disorders, Addictions, Sexual Abuser issues and Trauma.
I have been working in the helping profession since 1990. He completed his bachelor’s degree in 1985 and Masters in Counselor Education in 1988, both from the University of Virginia. Louis believes that wounds in our lives do not only fester but put down roots. Unaddressed and unattended these roots grow deeper, stronger, and more harmful. Louis has experience working with Mood Disorders, Personality Disorders, Addictions, Sexual Abuser issues and Trauma.
(918) 262-8711 View (918) 262-8711

How does your Therapist compare?

Average cost per session

$130

Therapists in Oklahoma who prioritize treating:

90% Anxiety
86% Depression
74% Trauma and PTSD
74% Self Esteem
72% Relationship Issues
70% Coping Skills
66% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

78% BlueCross and BlueShield
72% Health Choice
61% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Oklahoma see their clients

82% In Person and Online
18% Online Only

Gender breakdown

79% Female
20% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Oklahoma?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.