Therapists in New York, NY

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Photo of Adam Pollock, MA, LP, Licensed Psychoanalyst
Adam Pollock
Licensed Psychoanalyst, MA, LP
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10005
We all have things we need to say that no one in our lives can hear. I'm a psychoanalyst. I listen to those things. I've worked successfully with anxiety, depression, low self-confidence and low self-esteem, habitual substance use, maintaining sobriety, physical, emotional, and sexual trauma, anger management problems, grief, relationship issues, family dynamics, creative blocks, shyness, post-traumatic stress, midlife crises, career shifts, questions of gender and sexual identity, and more.
We all have things we need to say that no one in our lives can hear. I'm a psychoanalyst. I listen to those things. I've worked successfully with anxiety, depression, low self-confidence and low self-esteem, habitual substance use, maintaining sobriety, physical, emotional, and sexual trauma, anger management problems, grief, relationship issues, family dynamics, creative blocks, shyness, post-traumatic stress, midlife crises, career shifts, questions of gender and sexual identity, and more.
(347) 429-6875 View (347) 429-6875
Photo of Yamil Sarabia, MA, MHC-LP, Pre-Licensed Professional
Yamil Sarabia
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, MHC-LP
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10034  (Online Only)
As a certified practitioner in Ketamine Assisted Psychotherapy (KAP), I offer a cutting -edge approach to mental health treatment, providing transformative experiences for those struggling with anxiety, depression, trauma, anger and relationship/marriage issues. My educational background includes a Master's in Mental Health Counseling and Wellness from NYU, a Master of Science in Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine and a growing list of Certificates in various mental health therapeutic modalities, reflects my commitment my life-long learning to provide the best care to a diverse clientele with respect, compassion and validated skills.
As a certified practitioner in Ketamine Assisted Psychotherapy (KAP), I offer a cutting -edge approach to mental health treatment, providing transformative experiences for those struggling with anxiety, depression, trauma, anger and relationship/marriage issues. My educational background includes a Master's in Mental Health Counseling and Wellness from NYU, a Master of Science in Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine and a growing list of Certificates in various mental health therapeutic modalities, reflects my commitment my life-long learning to provide the best care to a diverse clientele with respect, compassion and validated skills.
(646) 991-0661 View (646) 991-0661
Photo of Carole A Srinivasan, PhD, Psychologist
Carole A Srinivasan
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10023
Experiencing anxiety, worry, fear or panic attacks related to PTSD, social anxiety, general anxiety, or OCD? I have helped many high functioning people who suddenly find themselves experiencing excessive anxiety by using a combination of CBT and other modern techniques, such as mindfulness and desensitization --- Traumatic experiences, work related stress, difficulty in relationships, health problems, economic insecurity, or major changes in life circumstances can be the cause of anxiety or panic attacks. My approach is collaborative and flexible to help you learn how to manage distress and to make the changes that will increase your satisfaction in life.
Experiencing anxiety, worry, fear or panic attacks related to PTSD, social anxiety, general anxiety, or OCD? I have helped many high functioning people who suddenly find themselves experiencing excessive anxiety by using a combination of CBT and other modern techniques, such as mindfulness and desensitization --- Traumatic experiences, work related stress, difficulty in relationships, health problems, economic insecurity, or major changes in life circumstances can be the cause of anxiety or panic attacks. My approach is collaborative and flexible to help you learn how to manage distress and to make the changes that will increase your satisfaction in life.
(917) 791-3012 View (917) 791-3012
Photo of Laney Wallace, MPS, LCAT, ATR-BC, Art Therapist
Laney Wallace
Art Therapist, MPS, LCAT, ATR-BC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10016  (Online Only)
Do you feel stuck, despite being highly self-aware? Have you tried talk therapy before and it felt nice to vent, but it didn’t really create the transformation or deep healing and relief from anxiety you were looking for? I help millennial women like you by using a holistic approach to therapy. I combine EMDR therapy, art therapy, IFS therapy and somatic practices like nervous system regulation to heal at the root of your issues, discover what you want out of life, and create lasting changes. I also offer EMDR Intensives for those who want to heal NOW and don't want to spend months or even years in the traditional therapy model.
Do you feel stuck, despite being highly self-aware? Have you tried talk therapy before and it felt nice to vent, but it didn’t really create the transformation or deep healing and relief from anxiety you were looking for? I help millennial women like you by using a holistic approach to therapy. I combine EMDR therapy, art therapy, IFS therapy and somatic practices like nervous system regulation to heal at the root of your issues, discover what you want out of life, and create lasting changes. I also offer EMDR Intensives for those who want to heal NOW and don't want to spend months or even years in the traditional therapy model.
(929) 493-5585 View (929) 493-5585
Photo of undefined - Manhattan Mental Health Counseling, LMHC, Counselor
Manhattan Mental Health Counseling
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10018
Welcome to Manhattan Mental Health Counseling. Here we value your decision to courageously seek help towards healing and thriving. We believe that if you take the step towards treatment, then as healers, we have the responsibility to make sure you are well cared for.
Welcome to Manhattan Mental Health Counseling. Here we value your decision to courageously seek help towards healing and thriving. We believe that if you take the step towards treatment, then as healers, we have the responsibility to make sure you are well cared for.
(212) 960-8626 View (212) 960-8626
Photo of Lily Thrope, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lily Thrope
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
New York, NY 10016
Lily Thrope, LCSW specializes in supporting individuals who experience anxiety, disordered eating, low self esteem, relationship stress and LGBTQIA-related issues. Through her work, Lily helps her clients find the confidence to face these issues and find ways to live their happiest and most authentic lives. Using a collaborative process, she works individually with each client to develop their own path towards healing. Lily is committed to fostering an environment where the client is the expert of their own story and therefore has integral skills when it comes to working towards their therapy goals.
Lily Thrope, LCSW specializes in supporting individuals who experience anxiety, disordered eating, low self esteem, relationship stress and LGBTQIA-related issues. Through her work, Lily helps her clients find the confidence to face these issues and find ways to live their happiest and most authentic lives. Using a collaborative process, she works individually with each client to develop their own path towards healing. Lily is committed to fostering an environment where the client is the expert of their own story and therefore has integral skills when it comes to working towards their therapy goals.
(332) 334-7895 View (332) 334-7895
Photo of Silvia Fiammenghi, PsyD, RYT, Psychologist
Silvia Fiammenghi
Psychologist, PsyD, RYT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
New York, NY 10011
Thank you for your interest in my practice. I see therapy as a powerful two-person process of discovery and acceptance. In session we laugh, we cry, we understand and we grow. We read over the past, stay rooted in the present, and look forward to a more balanced and fulfilling future. My integrative approach to treatment is rooted in interpersonal psychodynamic theory, but also drives from other models to meet each person's unique needs. My areas of expertise include trauma work, college mental health, issues related to international relocation, cultural integration, study abroad, body-mind balance, and adoption.
Thank you for your interest in my practice. I see therapy as a powerful two-person process of discovery and acceptance. In session we laugh, we cry, we understand and we grow. We read over the past, stay rooted in the present, and look forward to a more balanced and fulfilling future. My integrative approach to treatment is rooted in interpersonal psychodynamic theory, but also drives from other models to meet each person's unique needs. My areas of expertise include trauma work, college mental health, issues related to international relocation, cultural integration, study abroad, body-mind balance, and adoption.
(718) 306-6510 View (718) 306-6510
Photo of Estefanie Ceballo, LMHC, LPC, NCC, CCTP, C-TFCBT, Licensed Professional Counselor
Estefanie Ceballo
Licensed Professional Counselor, LMHC, LPC, NCC, CCTP, C-TFCBT
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10031  (Online Only)
Life can be challenging. We all experience ups and downs, and sometimes it can feel overwhelming. But you don't have to face it alone. At Aspire 2 Grow Mental Health Counseling PLLC, I understand everyone's journey is unique. I am here to offer you a helping hand, a listening ear, and a path toward healing. My experience as an empathetic therapist is dedicated to providing personalized care tailored to your needs through various evidence-based approaches, including talk therapy, mindfulness exercises, and integrative counseling approaches. Together we'll guide you toward self-discovery, resilience, and growth.
Life can be challenging. We all experience ups and downs, and sometimes it can feel overwhelming. But you don't have to face it alone. At Aspire 2 Grow Mental Health Counseling PLLC, I understand everyone's journey is unique. I am here to offer you a helping hand, a listening ear, and a path toward healing. My experience as an empathetic therapist is dedicated to providing personalized care tailored to your needs through various evidence-based approaches, including talk therapy, mindfulness exercises, and integrative counseling approaches. Together we'll guide you toward self-discovery, resilience, and growth.
(646) 798-8034 View (646) 798-8034
Photo of Katherine Matheson, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Katherine Matheson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10025  (Online Only)
I work with clients who are interested in finding a new way to live. Often the past limits our sense of what possibilities are open to us. We need an empathic outsider to help sort out what is deeply true for us in order to continue on in a fresh, grounded way. Ironically we often need to go backwards to move forward. As a psychoanalytically trained therapist, I believe that the brain is inherently conservative and needs new experiences in order to remember, retreat and "reroute". I believe each patient needs to discover their own unique story and to find a way to tell it. Creativity often plays a vital role in this journey.
I work with clients who are interested in finding a new way to live. Often the past limits our sense of what possibilities are open to us. We need an empathic outsider to help sort out what is deeply true for us in order to continue on in a fresh, grounded way. Ironically we often need to go backwards to move forward. As a psychoanalytically trained therapist, I believe that the brain is inherently conservative and needs new experiences in order to remember, retreat and "reroute". I believe each patient needs to discover their own unique story and to find a way to tell it. Creativity often plays a vital role in this journey.
(646) 845-9793 View (646) 845-9793
Photo of Jennifer Wortham, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jennifer Wortham
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10025  (Online Only)
Are you grieving a loss? Or experiencing a life transition. Along the way, life delivers many blows and surprises: the death of someone we hold dear, the end of a relationship, an illness or loss of something precious to us. Even positive change like the birth of new baby or a new job can be stressful. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker, who over the last 25 years, has counseled people facing issues of loss, trauma, transitional changes and aging in New York City. As a therapist I am a caring witness and compassionate guide to your very individual process.
Are you grieving a loss? Or experiencing a life transition. Along the way, life delivers many blows and surprises: the death of someone we hold dear, the end of a relationship, an illness or loss of something precious to us. Even positive change like the birth of new baby or a new job can be stressful. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker, who over the last 25 years, has counseled people facing issues of loss, trauma, transitional changes and aging in New York City. As a therapist I am a caring witness and compassionate guide to your very individual process.
(646) 374-4167 View (646) 374-4167
Photo of Wendy Levine, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Wendy Levine
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10010  (Online Only)
You've been through a lot over the years. Your body is changing, your relationships have shifted, and your priorities have transformed over time — sometimes in good ways, sometimes not so much. You often feel uncertain about your identity. Being young can feel far away, but you don’t feel old, either. You grapple with a sense of "Who am I now? Which direction should I head?" Now, as you look around, you realize that a lot of these changes happened without you really being fully aware of what was going on. You want to take back control of your life, but you're not quite sure which steps to take.
You've been through a lot over the years. Your body is changing, your relationships have shifted, and your priorities have transformed over time — sometimes in good ways, sometimes not so much. You often feel uncertain about your identity. Being young can feel far away, but you don’t feel old, either. You grapple with a sense of "Who am I now? Which direction should I head?" Now, as you look around, you realize that a lot of these changes happened without you really being fully aware of what was going on. You want to take back control of your life, but you're not quite sure which steps to take.
(332) 244-3774 View (332) 244-3774
Photo of Natasha Pasternack, LMSW
Natasha Pasternack
Licensed Master Social Worker, LMSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10036
Sometimes life’s hard moments don’t pass as quickly as we wish. This can be especially felt in the context of relationships with those whom we care deeply for: the connection may begin to feel stale; communication breaks down; one person’s growth doesn’t always align with another and relational dynamics may change.
Sometimes life’s hard moments don’t pass as quickly as we wish. This can be especially felt in the context of relationships with those whom we care deeply for: the connection may begin to feel stale; communication breaks down; one person’s growth doesn’t always align with another and relational dynamics may change.
(347) 480-1508 View (347) 480-1508
Photo of Olivia Barbezat, MA, MHC-LP, Pre-Licensed Professional
Olivia Barbezat
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, MHC-LP
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10016
Olivia’s goal as a clinician is to develop a collaborative safe space where individuals can feel validated and empowered. Taking an empathetic person centered approach, Olivia ensures patients know they are not only being heard, but also cared about. Olivia pulls skills from multiple modalities to help patients learn coping skills in a nonjudgmental manner. Olivia believes genuine relationships are what make therapy so beneficial.
Olivia’s goal as a clinician is to develop a collaborative safe space where individuals can feel validated and empowered. Taking an empathetic person centered approach, Olivia ensures patients know they are not only being heard, but also cared about. Olivia pulls skills from multiple modalities to help patients learn coping skills in a nonjudgmental manner. Olivia believes genuine relationships are what make therapy so beneficial.
(646) 362-1158 View (646) 362-1158
Photo of Lily T Beer-Chiavetta, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lily T Beer-Chiavetta
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10016
I believe successful relationships increase the quality of life, and I believe that therapy transforms our lives so that we may enjoy this experience regardless of age or circumstances.
I believe successful relationships increase the quality of life, and I believe that therapy transforms our lives so that we may enjoy this experience regardless of age or circumstances.
(917) 885-9962 View (917) 885-9962
Photo of Dr. Nick Santo, LCSW-R, DSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Dr. Nick Santo
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R, DSW
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
New York, NY 10016
You are living the dream. You have a great career, a lovely home, and a solid support network. People all agree that you’re doing great. But you don’t see it. Everyone is proud of you and values what you do; everyone except you, that is. And you’re unsure why there’s such a discrepancy between your self-image and the image of you that everyone else has. You begin to wonder if it stems from an earlier time in your life when you were forced to hide who you really were. You've gotten so used to pretending to be someone else that you feel like a fraud. You’ve lost touch with your authentic self and don’t know how to get it back.
You are living the dream. You have a great career, a lovely home, and a solid support network. People all agree that you’re doing great. But you don’t see it. Everyone is proud of you and values what you do; everyone except you, that is. And you’re unsure why there’s such a discrepancy between your self-image and the image of you that everyone else has. You begin to wonder if it stems from an earlier time in your life when you were forced to hide who you really were. You've gotten so used to pretending to be someone else that you feel like a fraud. You’ve lost touch with your authentic self and don’t know how to get it back.
(347) 380-7209 View (347) 380-7209
Photo of undefined - CDNY Marriage and Family PLLC, LMFT , DBT, Marriage & Family Therapist
CDNY Marriage and Family PLLC
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT , DBT
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10016
It’s excellent you have decided to take your first steps in taking control of your mental and emotional health. I believe the people with whom I work with in therapy are some of the healthiest and goal oriented individuals I know. My job is to offer the tools for them to succeed. My style as a therapist is a balance between insight\reflection and action focused interventions. I utilize an eclectic blend of compassion, focus and humor to foster positive change in individuals and couples. I love creating goals with clients and being granted the opportunity to play a role in their achievements.
It’s excellent you have decided to take your first steps in taking control of your mental and emotional health. I believe the people with whom I work with in therapy are some of the healthiest and goal oriented individuals I know. My job is to offer the tools for them to succeed. My style as a therapist is a balance between insight\reflection and action focused interventions. I utilize an eclectic blend of compassion, focus and humor to foster positive change in individuals and couples. I love creating goals with clients and being granted the opportunity to play a role in their achievements.
(646) 863-4124 View (646) 863-4124
Photo of undefined - Mavida Health, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Mavida Health
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10024  (Online Only)
Mavida Health is a deeply specialized, comprehensive mental health platform for the path to parenthood - including those trying to conceive, pregnant - including adoption and surrogacy, experiencing pregnancy loss, or in the postpartum. We offer 1:1 therapy, couples/family therapy, group therapy, prescribing, and medication management.
Mavida Health is a deeply specialized, comprehensive mental health platform for the path to parenthood - including those trying to conceive, pregnant - including adoption and surrogacy, experiencing pregnancy loss, or in the postpartum. We offer 1:1 therapy, couples/family therapy, group therapy, prescribing, and medication management.
(914) 814-6656 View (914) 814-6656
Photo of Sylwia Misiewicz, LMHC, LPC, Counselor
Sylwia Misiewicz
Counselor, LMHC, LPC
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10016  (Online Only)
Do you have a hard time coping with current or past situations? Do you feel stuck? Are you unable to make decisions? Are you experiencing issues in your relationships? Do you feel angry, sad, depressed or anxious? Therapy can help you create more meaningful relationships, increase your self-esteem, teach you skills to better deal with stress and anxiety, cope and manage difficult situations, improve communication skills and guide you through establishing healthy behavior patterns.
Do you have a hard time coping with current or past situations? Do you feel stuck? Are you unable to make decisions? Are you experiencing issues in your relationships? Do you feel angry, sad, depressed or anxious? Therapy can help you create more meaningful relationships, increase your self-esteem, teach you skills to better deal with stress and anxiety, cope and manage difficult situations, improve communication skills and guide you through establishing healthy behavior patterns.
(718) 865-2557 View (718) 865-2557
Photo of Lillian L Tsai, LCSW, ACSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lillian L Tsai
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, ACSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10011  (Online Only)
Are you lack of motivation, depressed, anxious, isolated, grieving, having relationship problems, and going through life transition? Sharing your thoughts and feeling helps. You want to know the origin of your struggles. You would like to have effective tools to figure out the solutions. You and I will create a safe space for you to share where I’ll listen actively. We will explore your past, confront your beliefs, find achievable goals and discover new skills to handle your life obstacles.
Are you lack of motivation, depressed, anxious, isolated, grieving, having relationship problems, and going through life transition? Sharing your thoughts and feeling helps. You want to know the origin of your struggles. You would like to have effective tools to figure out the solutions. You and I will create a safe space for you to share where I’ll listen actively. We will explore your past, confront your beliefs, find achievable goals and discover new skills to handle your life obstacles.
(332) 264-1703 View (332) 264-1703
Photo of Dan Perlman, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Dan Perlman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10024
It takes tremendous courage to tackle troubling issues and it's important to understand that you are not alone. Therapy can seem scary, but establishing a warm therapeutic alliance can allow you to share your dreams and fears confidentially, without judgment or negative repercussions. By building a collaborative partnership we identify behaviors holding you back. I work with both individuals and couples seeking to improve their sense of well-being and navigate transitions. I also work with anxiety, loss, depression, chronic illness, and medical related trauma.
It takes tremendous courage to tackle troubling issues and it's important to understand that you are not alone. Therapy can seem scary, but establishing a warm therapeutic alliance can allow you to share your dreams and fears confidentially, without judgment or negative repercussions. By building a collaborative partnership we identify behaviors holding you back. I work with both individuals and couples seeking to improve their sense of well-being and navigate transitions. I also work with anxiety, loss, depression, chronic illness, and medical related trauma.
(833) 821-0992 View (833) 821-0992

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in New York, NY

3,000+

Average cost per session

$200

Therapists in New York, NY who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
89% Depression
85% Relationship Issues
78% Self Esteem
67% Trauma and PTSD
66% Stress
64% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

79% Aetna
62% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
61% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in New York, NY see their clients

58% In Person and Online
42% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
21% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in New York?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.