Therapists in New York, NY

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Photo of Dr. Jen Polite - Psychotherapist, PhD, MS, LMHC, LPC, NCC
Dr. Jen Polite - Psychotherapist
Mental Health Counselor, PhD, MS, LMHC, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
New York, NY 10017
NY/NJ - Schedule No-Cost Consultation at : www.politepsych.com - I'm a licensed (LMHC, LPC) and Board Certified (NCC) Psychotherapist. I work non-judgmentally with adult individuals and couples seeking growth due to transitional life changes, or simply overall personal improvement. My therapeutic approach is cognitive-behavioral, solution-focused and holistic in nature, focusing on the whole individual and taking into account personal, circumstantial, and social factors. Specifically for couples, my approach is structured and rooted in the Gottman Method.
NY/NJ - Schedule No-Cost Consultation at : www.politepsych.com - I'm a licensed (LMHC, LPC) and Board Certified (NCC) Psychotherapist. I work non-judgmentally with adult individuals and couples seeking growth due to transitional life changes, or simply overall personal improvement. My therapeutic approach is cognitive-behavioral, solution-focused and holistic in nature, focusing on the whole individual and taking into account personal, circumstantial, and social factors. Specifically for couples, my approach is structured and rooted in the Gottman Method.
(929) 254-4441 View (929) 254-4441
Photo of Amy Villanueva, PhD, LMHC, CBIS, Counselor
Amy Villanueva
Counselor, PhD, LMHC, CBIS
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10018  (Online Only)
Welcome! As a mental health counselor, I understand the difficulties of taking the first step to seek treatment. Individuals may feel strange talking about aspects of their life they have yet to view and/or process. Our sessions will serve as a safe and judgment-free environment to explore past experiences, current behaviors, and difficulties processing trauma. You will be provided with the ability to explore difficulties in your life and be provided with as much structure as needed to build on skills and make changes. I work to hear the client and ensure interventions are helpful to support growth.
Welcome! As a mental health counselor, I understand the difficulties of taking the first step to seek treatment. Individuals may feel strange talking about aspects of their life they have yet to view and/or process. Our sessions will serve as a safe and judgment-free environment to explore past experiences, current behaviors, and difficulties processing trauma. You will be provided with the ability to explore difficulties in your life and be provided with as much structure as needed to build on skills and make changes. I work to hear the client and ensure interventions are helpful to support growth.
(845) 245-6764 View (845) 245-6764
Photo of Geri Charles, LMSW
Geri Charles
Licensed Master Social Worker, LMSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10013
You may feel scared and unsure if therapy is the best use of your money and time. But you’re here, still choosing to explore yourself and move through your healing journey. You may experience stress, anxiety, relationship concerns, and/or work related stressors. You may be in a creative field, such as an actor or musician, etc. experiencing unique work environments, or undergoing a difficult transition of moving in with a partner, or understanding and processing your previous traumas and how they impact you now. You may notice how these impact your behaviors and feelings and feel out of control. If so, I would love to work together.
You may feel scared and unsure if therapy is the best use of your money and time. But you’re here, still choosing to explore yourself and move through your healing journey. You may experience stress, anxiety, relationship concerns, and/or work related stressors. You may be in a creative field, such as an actor or musician, etc. experiencing unique work environments, or undergoing a difficult transition of moving in with a partner, or understanding and processing your previous traumas and how they impact you now. You may notice how these impact your behaviors and feelings and feel out of control. If so, I would love to work together.
(646) 718-7323 View (646) 718-7323
Photo of Candice Aloisi, JD, MS, MHC-LP, Pre-Licensed Professional
Candice Aloisi
Pre-Licensed Professional, JD, MS, MHC-LP
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
New York, NY 10016
I believe in the capacity of us all to define our life's path by taking risks and stretching in new directions. This can be one of the hardest parts of OCD and anxiety: feeling like your choices are dictated by the lump in your throat, the pit in your stomach or obsessive thoughts. Before I became a therapist, I was a lawyer for almost 20 years. That experience informs my work with clients as we strengthen their inner advocate and, often, develop a truer understanding of who they are and want to be when they are actively choosing how to live. YOU are not that critical, anxious voice in your head; let's clarify and pursue YOUR path.
I believe in the capacity of us all to define our life's path by taking risks and stretching in new directions. This can be one of the hardest parts of OCD and anxiety: feeling like your choices are dictated by the lump in your throat, the pit in your stomach or obsessive thoughts. Before I became a therapist, I was a lawyer for almost 20 years. That experience informs my work with clients as we strengthen their inner advocate and, often, develop a truer understanding of who they are and want to be when they are actively choosing how to live. YOU are not that critical, anxious voice in your head; let's clarify and pursue YOUR path.
(929) 777-5226 View (929) 777-5226
Photo of Jacqueline Contreras, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jacqueline Contreras
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10105  (Online Only)
Teleios' mission is to provide holistic, culturally sensitive, and individualized counseling services that focuses on providing individual, couples, family and children psychotherapy to people from all backgrounds, age groups and walks of life, as well as providing parent coaching and anger management classes. Our therapists tailor their therapeutic approach to fit each client’s needs, knowing that a “one-size-fits-all” treatment plan does not work.
Teleios' mission is to provide holistic, culturally sensitive, and individualized counseling services that focuses on providing individual, couples, family and children psychotherapy to people from all backgrounds, age groups and walks of life, as well as providing parent coaching and anger management classes. Our therapists tailor their therapeutic approach to fit each client’s needs, knowing that a “one-size-fits-all” treatment plan does not work.
(833) 835-3467 View (833) 835-3467
Photo of Ranjana Hari, PsyD, NCSP, Pre-Licensed Professional
Ranjana Hari
Pre-Licensed Professional, PsyD, NCSP
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10011
I'm a dedicated psychotherapist with an extensive and diverse background, spanning private practice, schools, college clinics, foster care, and hospitals, including acute care. With a passion for treating individuals of all ages, I specialize in harnessing the power of evidence-based therapies to create long-lasting positive change, focusing on the core of issues, rather than surface change. I take pride in fostering a safe, warm, and compassionate environment that embraces the unique perspectives of clients from diverse backgrounds. Even the most resistant patients find themselves engaged in the therapeutic process under my care.
I'm a dedicated psychotherapist with an extensive and diverse background, spanning private practice, schools, college clinics, foster care, and hospitals, including acute care. With a passion for treating individuals of all ages, I specialize in harnessing the power of evidence-based therapies to create long-lasting positive change, focusing on the core of issues, rather than surface change. I take pride in fostering a safe, warm, and compassionate environment that embraces the unique perspectives of clients from diverse backgrounds. Even the most resistant patients find themselves engaged in the therapeutic process under my care.
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Photo of Kris Mortier, LMHC, Counselor
Kris Mortier
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10012
I have extensive experience in working with clients who have experienced trauma: childhood abuse, domestic violence, and sexual assault, as well as specialize in working with LGBTQ youth and adults.
I have extensive experience in working with clients who have experienced trauma: childhood abuse, domestic violence, and sexual assault, as well as specialize in working with LGBTQ youth and adults.
(347) 650-2630 View (347) 650-2630
Photo of Laura Sirowitz, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Laura Sirowitz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10023
I am a warm, supportive psychotherapist specializing in the treatment of anxiety disorders, relationship issues, and body-focused disorders such as hair pulling and skin picking.
I am a warm, supportive psychotherapist specializing in the treatment of anxiety disorders, relationship issues, and body-focused disorders such as hair pulling and skin picking.
(646) 386-2114 View (646) 386-2114
Photo of Nabila Baytore, LMSW
Nabila Baytore
Licensed Master Social Worker, LMSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10025
I work with adults, young adults and teens utilizing a range of modalities including relational psychodynamic psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). My approach is to create a calm and relaxed collaborative environment. I have a wide range of experience, including with diverse client populations and specialize in working with clients who have chronic illnesses, are experiencing life transitions, and are struggling with anxiety and depression.
I work with adults, young adults and teens utilizing a range of modalities including relational psychodynamic psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). My approach is to create a calm and relaxed collaborative environment. I have a wide range of experience, including with diverse client populations and specialize in working with clients who have chronic illnesses, are experiencing life transitions, and are struggling with anxiety and depression.
(914) 430-4184 View (914) 430-4184
Photo of Mark Sisti, PhD, Psychologist
Mark Sisti
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10024  (Online Only)
The highest priority of NYC Cognitive Behavioral, is to improve the quality of life. We encourage our patients not to avoid times of challenge and distress but to utilize them as opportunities for re-prioritizing, transformation and personal growth. We are committed to helping each of our patients to identify what a purposeful life means to them and to mutually working through whatever obstacles may interfere with living that life. The center continually incorporates the most up to date research and training on evidence based psychotherapy. The gold standard for scientifically based therapy is CBT.
The highest priority of NYC Cognitive Behavioral, is to improve the quality of life. We encourage our patients not to avoid times of challenge and distress but to utilize them as opportunities for re-prioritizing, transformation and personal growth. We are committed to helping each of our patients to identify what a purposeful life means to them and to mutually working through whatever obstacles may interfere with living that life. The center continually incorporates the most up to date research and training on evidence based psychotherapy. The gold standard for scientifically based therapy is CBT.
(516) 774-3017 View (516) 774-3017
Photo of Israel Z Meth, PhD, JD, Pre-Licensed Professional
Israel Z Meth
Pre-Licensed Professional, PhD, JD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10018
As a compassionate, thoughtful, experienced and well trained postdoctoral psychologist, I am very interested in getting to know you and your struggles. I work with individuals, couples, families, and groups in many life stages, from late adolescence to older adulthood. My work is relational and collaborative, starting with creating a safe, non-judgmental space in which you can feel increasingly comfortable and open to sharing with me your symptoms, experiences, behaviors and relationship patterns. I will help you to understand and negotiate the external and internal obstacles preventing you from achieving contentment in your life.
As a compassionate, thoughtful, experienced and well trained postdoctoral psychologist, I am very interested in getting to know you and your struggles. I work with individuals, couples, families, and groups in many life stages, from late adolescence to older adulthood. My work is relational and collaborative, starting with creating a safe, non-judgmental space in which you can feel increasingly comfortable and open to sharing with me your symptoms, experiences, behaviors and relationship patterns. I will help you to understand and negotiate the external and internal obstacles preventing you from achieving contentment in your life.
(646) 779-8643 View (646) 779-8643
Photo of Bonnie Berkowitz, L, C, S, W, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Bonnie Berkowitz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, L, C, S, W
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10028
Not accepting new clients
Hi! Welcome to my profile! I provide psychotherapy to individuals, families and couples. My clients are seeking to work through issues that get in the way of feeling connected to themselves, to gratification in relationships, careers and other pursuits. My background includes a Masters in social work, extensive training in psychoanalysis and 35 years of experience training and working in a variety of treatment models and methods. Individual therapy starts at around age 13. Younger children may participate in family sessions or can be a focus of working with parents.
Hi! Welcome to my profile! I provide psychotherapy to individuals, families and couples. My clients are seeking to work through issues that get in the way of feeling connected to themselves, to gratification in relationships, careers and other pursuits. My background includes a Masters in social work, extensive training in psychoanalysis and 35 years of experience training and working in a variety of treatment models and methods. Individual therapy starts at around age 13. Younger children may participate in family sessions or can be a focus of working with parents.
(929) 499-0573 View (929) 499-0573
Photo of Sonya Veytsman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Sonya Veytsman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
New York, NY 10007
“Everything can be taken from us but one thing, the last of the human freedoms – to choose one’s attitude in any given set of circumstances, to choose one’s own way” — Viktor Frankl. It is my firm belief that we free ourselves to think and act in new ways when we are willing to embrace the exploration of the self and develop insights into the motivations behind our behavior. We will work together to build a shared understanding of the obstacles that you are facing, whether that means improving your interpersonal relationships, exploring your identity/sexuality/spirituality, strengthening your self esteem, finding motivation and success in your career, navigating overwhelming and traumatic experiences, or identifying maladaptive patterns that may be acting as barriers to the life you want. I offer both short and long term psychotherapy to adolescents and adults seeking assistance with anxiety, mood disorders, mood dysregulation, obsessive thinking, compulsive behavior, ADHD, substance abuse, anger, impulsivity, highly sensitive temperament, and psychoeducation related to psychiatric medication management.
“Everything can be taken from us but one thing, the last of the human freedoms – to choose one’s attitude in any given set of circumstances, to choose one’s own way” — Viktor Frankl. It is my firm belief that we free ourselves to think and act in new ways when we are willing to embrace the exploration of the self and develop insights into the motivations behind our behavior. We will work together to build a shared understanding of the obstacles that you are facing, whether that means improving your interpersonal relationships, exploring your identity/sexuality/spirituality, strengthening your self esteem, finding motivation and success in your career, navigating overwhelming and traumatic experiences, or identifying maladaptive patterns that may be acting as barriers to the life you want. I offer both short and long term psychotherapy to adolescents and adults seeking assistance with anxiety, mood disorders, mood dysregulation, obsessive thinking, compulsive behavior, ADHD, substance abuse, anger, impulsivity, highly sensitive temperament, and psychoeducation related to psychiatric medication management.
(917) 983-0991 View (917) 983-0991
Photo of Karina Gopeesingh, MHC-LP, Pre-Licensed Professional
Karina Gopeesingh
Pre-Licensed Professional, MHC-LP
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10017  (Online Only)
Seeking someone to speak to can be the first step to improving your mental health. It can be difficult, but it can be an illuminating experience to look deeper within yourself. Speaking with someone can eliminate the feeling of being alone, and provide you with the support you need to work toward developing coping skills and explore how to make yourself live the life you want to live. As a first-generation Indo-Caribbean woman, I have learned to acknowledge and welcome the delights and difficulties of a multicultural identity. One of these very difficulties is the avoidance of addressing mental health.
Seeking someone to speak to can be the first step to improving your mental health. It can be difficult, but it can be an illuminating experience to look deeper within yourself. Speaking with someone can eliminate the feeling of being alone, and provide you with the support you need to work toward developing coping skills and explore how to make yourself live the life you want to live. As a first-generation Indo-Caribbean woman, I have learned to acknowledge and welcome the delights and difficulties of a multicultural identity. One of these very difficulties is the avoidance of addressing mental health.
(929) 499-2487 View (929) 499-2487
Photo of Maggie Dancel, PsyD, Psychologist
Maggie Dancel
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10010  (Online Only)
Sex is usually a topic that is met with secrecy, embarrassment, shame, or judgment. Thus, I aim to create a safe, open environment to address various relational and sexual concerns (i.e., lack of intimacy, infidelity, erectile dysfunction, "excessive masturbation") with individuals of various sexual orientations, genders, ethnicities, and kinks. You should be able to have the sex you desire! I also welcome individuals who have issues related to depression, anxiety, trauma, stress, self-esteem, life transitions, employment, communication, assertiveness, and/or family dynamics.
Sex is usually a topic that is met with secrecy, embarrassment, shame, or judgment. Thus, I aim to create a safe, open environment to address various relational and sexual concerns (i.e., lack of intimacy, infidelity, erectile dysfunction, "excessive masturbation") with individuals of various sexual orientations, genders, ethnicities, and kinks. You should be able to have the sex you desire! I also welcome individuals who have issues related to depression, anxiety, trauma, stress, self-esteem, life transitions, employment, communication, assertiveness, and/or family dynamics.
(516) 701-2827 View (516) 701-2827
Photo of Jane Ray, LMHC, Counselor
Jane Ray
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10017
Jane Ray is a Licensed Mental Health Counselor in New York State (LMHC) with expertise in trauma, as well as working with adolescents (middle school through college-age). Another special area of interest is addressing the unique therapeutic needs of artists and others involved in creative fields.
Jane Ray is a Licensed Mental Health Counselor in New York State (LMHC) with expertise in trauma, as well as working with adolescents (middle school through college-age). Another special area of interest is addressing the unique therapeutic needs of artists and others involved in creative fields.
(929) 383-7808 View (929) 383-7808
Photo of Deborah Giordano, PsyD, Psychologist
Deborah Giordano
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10021  (Online Only)
I am a NYS licensed psychologist with 15 years of experience working in the field of mental health. I have worked extensively with college students, young adults and the LGBTQ population. I have expertise in a wide range of difficulties, such as anxiety, depression, stress, relationship concerns, life transitions, grief/loss, women's issues and infertility. While I consider myself a generalist, I also hold a specialization in Clinical Health Psychology.
I am a NYS licensed psychologist with 15 years of experience working in the field of mental health. I have worked extensively with college students, young adults and the LGBTQ population. I have expertise in a wide range of difficulties, such as anxiety, depression, stress, relationship concerns, life transitions, grief/loss, women's issues and infertility. While I consider myself a generalist, I also hold a specialization in Clinical Health Psychology.
(646) 798-2952 View (646) 798-2952
Photo of Jeffrey T. Wentzel, PhD, Psychologist
Jeffrey T. Wentzel
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10011
I am a licensed clinical psychologist and have worked extensively with individual adults, adolescents, and couples in New York City for more than 20 years. I work collaboratively with each of my clients to strike the right balance between providing relief in the short-term from the types of symptoms and difficult circumstances that may have led to an interest in psychotherapy, while also attempting to facilitate an ongoing process that promotes greater self-awareness and an increased sense of self-confidence in defining and achieving a more productive and satisfying life.
I am a licensed clinical psychologist and have worked extensively with individual adults, adolescents, and couples in New York City for more than 20 years. I work collaboratively with each of my clients to strike the right balance between providing relief in the short-term from the types of symptoms and difficult circumstances that may have led to an interest in psychotherapy, while also attempting to facilitate an ongoing process that promotes greater self-awareness and an increased sense of self-confidence in defining and achieving a more productive and satisfying life.
(646) 553-4203 View (646) 553-4203
Photo of Rona Silverton, PhD, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Rona Silverton
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10128
A sensitive, well-related, board certified Ph.D. psychotherapist/psychoanalyst with a specialization in women"s health/female psychology. I have been in practice for over twenty years and worked with both individuals and couples in a dynamic focused analytic approach for self understanding. With particular expertise in female psychology, I have integrated an insight oriented contemporary analytic perspective with holistic, alternative techniques (guided imagery and dream work) to help patients deal with emotions and childhood trauma often stored in the body.
A sensitive, well-related, board certified Ph.D. psychotherapist/psychoanalyst with a specialization in women"s health/female psychology. I have been in practice for over twenty years and worked with both individuals and couples in a dynamic focused analytic approach for self understanding. With particular expertise in female psychology, I have integrated an insight oriented contemporary analytic perspective with holistic, alternative techniques (guided imagery and dream work) to help patients deal with emotions and childhood trauma often stored in the body.
(646) 600-9276 View (646) 600-9276
Photo of Anna Gurgenidze, PhD, LMHC, Psychologist
Anna Gurgenidze
Psychologist, PhD, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10023
Feelings have a way of getting to us despite our best efforts. Cultural prescriptions for navigating our emotional experiences can easily lead to confusion and frustration. The recent crisis has further shaken the foundations of our security and stirred up previously hidden inner conflicts for many. If you are struggling with feelings of sadness, anxiety, fear, loss, insecurity or relationship difficulties psychotherapy is likely an excellent option for you.
Feelings have a way of getting to us despite our best efforts. Cultural prescriptions for navigating our emotional experiences can easily lead to confusion and frustration. The recent crisis has further shaken the foundations of our security and stirred up previously hidden inner conflicts for many. If you are struggling with feelings of sadness, anxiety, fear, loss, insecurity or relationship difficulties psychotherapy is likely an excellent option for you.
(646) 921-6679 View (646) 921-6679

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in New York, NY

3,000+

Average cost per session

$200

Therapists in New York, NY who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
89% Depression
84% Relationship Issues
78% Self Esteem
67% Trauma and PTSD
66% Stress
64% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

79% Aetna
62% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
61% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in New York, NY see their clients

58% In Person and Online
42% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
21% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in New York?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.