Therapists in New York, NY

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Photo of Counseling For You NYC, Licensed Mental Health Counselor in New York, NY
Counseling For You NYC
Licensed Mental Health Counselor, LMHC, CAMSll, TS, DVS, CASAC
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10016
Counseling For You NYC is a group of therapists that have a passion for helping others. They are devoted to helping people through difficulties they are experiencing and are nonjudgemental, supportive and knowledgeable about the issues people face in the world today. Whether you are dealing with trauma, relationship issues, anxiety, depression, or any other issues that cause stress or get in the way of leading a healthy and happy life, there is someone here to help you.
Counseling For You NYC is a group of therapists that have a passion for helping others. They are devoted to helping people through difficulties they are experiencing and are nonjudgemental, supportive and knowledgeable about the issues people face in the world today. Whether you are dealing with trauma, relationship issues, anxiety, depression, or any other issues that cause stress or get in the way of leading a healthy and happy life, there is someone here to help you.
(929) 547-9874 View (929) 547-9874
Photo of Jessyka Young, Counselor in New York, NY
Jessyka Young
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10011  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
The foundation for health and happiness lies in self-esteem. I believe that healing comes from within, and quality of life improves as we learn how to care for and care about ourselves. All of the tools we need to ground, grow, and flourish are ones we already possess. I hope to be a guide & support in the process of discovering & strengthening your ability to be your best self. Specializing in the treatment of eating disorders, trauma, emotion dysregulation, & other co-occurring disorders, I believe that everyone has the potential to heal from past wounds & face present and future stresses.
The foundation for health and happiness lies in self-esteem. I believe that healing comes from within, and quality of life improves as we learn how to care for and care about ourselves. All of the tools we need to ground, grow, and flourish are ones we already possess. I hope to be a guide & support in the process of discovering & strengthening your ability to be your best self. Specializing in the treatment of eating disorders, trauma, emotion dysregulation, & other co-occurring disorders, I believe that everyone has the potential to heal from past wounds & face present and future stresses.
(631) 994-1107 View (631) 994-1107
Photo of Natasha Black, Psychologist in New York, NY
Natasha Black
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10019
I help individuals who are interested in working at a deep level and who seek transformation and abiding change. I aim to help people find more than just relief from the immediate concerns that lead them to enter psychotherapy, whether they be depression, anxiety, relationship problems, occupational/academic concerns, or other difficulties. I thus actively work from the ground up to help my clients develop more self-understanding, greater tolerance for distress, and a newfound security in their capacity to confront life's innumerable challenges.
I help individuals who are interested in working at a deep level and who seek transformation and abiding change. I aim to help people find more than just relief from the immediate concerns that lead them to enter psychotherapy, whether they be depression, anxiety, relationship problems, occupational/academic concerns, or other difficulties. I thus actively work from the ground up to help my clients develop more self-understanding, greater tolerance for distress, and a newfound security in their capacity to confront life's innumerable challenges.
(347) 673-0687 View (347) 673-0687
Photo of Shelly Ostro, Licensed Psychoanalyst in New York, NY
Shelly Ostro
Licensed Psychoanalyst, PhD, LP
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10023
I am a NYS licensed Psychoanalyst and I am Licensed as a Clinical Psychologist in Israel. I have 17 years of experience working with individuals and couples from diverse cultures and backgrounds. I invite you to explore the difficulties with which you are struggling, in an accepting, non judgmental and playful environment. Together, we will learn about unconscious and unprocessed aspects of your sense of self and about narratives you carry with you that affect your life choices and that shape your everyday experiences with people and alone and will work together to modify it in a way that will allow you higher degrees of freedom.
I am a NYS licensed Psychoanalyst and I am Licensed as a Clinical Psychologist in Israel. I have 17 years of experience working with individuals and couples from diverse cultures and backgrounds. I invite you to explore the difficulties with which you are struggling, in an accepting, non judgmental and playful environment. Together, we will learn about unconscious and unprocessed aspects of your sense of self and about narratives you carry with you that affect your life choices and that shape your everyday experiences with people and alone and will work together to modify it in a way that will allow you higher degrees of freedom.
(347) 868-6750 View (347) 868-6750
Photo of Daniel Joseph Franco, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Daniel Joseph Franco
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10022
Have you ever considered whether your child could benefit from therapy? I offer a complimentary consultation to answer concerns you may have. You can speak to me about anything; nothing you say will surprise or shock me. I can assist your child navigate through struggles as well as helping them become their own therapist. I work successfully with adolescents who struggle with anxiety, panic attacks, relationship problems, trauma, academic, and addiction issues.
Have you ever considered whether your child could benefit from therapy? I offer a complimentary consultation to answer concerns you may have. You can speak to me about anything; nothing you say will surprise or shock me. I can assist your child navigate through struggles as well as helping them become their own therapist. I work successfully with adolescents who struggle with anxiety, panic attacks, relationship problems, trauma, academic, and addiction issues.
(929) 470-2578 View (929) 470-2578
Photo of Richard Haste, Counselor in New York, NY
Richard Haste
Counselor, LMHC, LPC, CCTP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10011  (Online Only)
Seeking strength, understanding, and a path forward? I'm not your typical therapist. I've walked the walk that you have, not just once, but twice. As a former Marine and law enforcement officer, I know firsthand the pressures, traumas, and unique challenges faced by those in service and beyond. Now, I leverage my experience and clinical expertise to guide individuals grappling with depression, anxiety, substance abuse, and the invisible wounds of trauma.
Seeking strength, understanding, and a path forward? I'm not your typical therapist. I've walked the walk that you have, not just once, but twice. As a former Marine and law enforcement officer, I know firsthand the pressures, traumas, and unique challenges faced by those in service and beyond. Now, I leverage my experience and clinical expertise to guide individuals grappling with depression, anxiety, substance abuse, and the invisible wounds of trauma.
(845) 250-0475 View (845) 250-0475
Photo of Tiffany Garcia, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Tiffany Garcia
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10028
Hello! I am a licensed clinical therapist with over 8 years of counseling experience. My expertise lies in helping people achieve their goals of stress reduction, improved coping skills, communication, and self-esteem. My eclectic approach includes extensive knowledge in cognitive behavioral, client-centered, and trauma-informed therapy modalities. As an Afro-Latina myself, I know that having a culturally-sensitive therapist is very important to ensure that clients feel heard and supported in sessions. I believe in creating a space of acceptance and unconditional positive regard in order to foster self-acceptance and healing.
Hello! I am a licensed clinical therapist with over 8 years of counseling experience. My expertise lies in helping people achieve their goals of stress reduction, improved coping skills, communication, and self-esteem. My eclectic approach includes extensive knowledge in cognitive behavioral, client-centered, and trauma-informed therapy modalities. As an Afro-Latina myself, I know that having a culturally-sensitive therapist is very important to ensure that clients feel heard and supported in sessions. I believe in creating a space of acceptance and unconditional positive regard in order to foster self-acceptance and healing.
(716) 321-0817 View (716) 321-0817
Photo of Batool Abdelhafez, Pre-Licensed Professional in New York, NY
Batool Abdelhafez
Pre-Licensed Professional, MSW-I
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10001
Life comes with surprises and challenges, and everyone needs some support along the way. One of the bravest things you can do is seek help to improve your mental health and understand yourself better. Together, we’ll enhance your well-being, making attainable and lasting changes in your life. Born in NYC to an Egyptian-American family, I draw from this dualistic heritage. As a lifelong violinist and oudist, music serves as an emotional bridge and healing power for me. I returned to Columbia University for a clinical MSW to translate the universal language of emotion and connect individuals to their deepest feelings.
Life comes with surprises and challenges, and everyone needs some support along the way. One of the bravest things you can do is seek help to improve your mental health and understand yourself better. Together, we’ll enhance your well-being, making attainable and lasting changes in your life. Born in NYC to an Egyptian-American family, I draw from this dualistic heritage. As a lifelong violinist and oudist, music serves as an emotional bridge and healing power for me. I returned to Columbia University for a clinical MSW to translate the universal language of emotion and connect individuals to their deepest feelings.
(332) 262-7249 View (332) 262-7249
Photo of Janine J Recine, Counselor in New York, NY
Janine J Recine
Counselor, MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10001  (Online Only)
Are you having a difficult time managing your life? You're not alone. Janine Recine is a licensed mental health therapist who guides clients through uncertain times and toward more stability. Navigating the Crossroads: She specializes in helping adults (18+) navigate the complexities of co-occurring mental health concerns and substance use. Whether it's anxiety, whispering doubts, depression weighing you down, or past traumas echoing in the present, I'm here to listen without judgment and offer a safe space to explore and heal.
Are you having a difficult time managing your life? You're not alone. Janine Recine is a licensed mental health therapist who guides clients through uncertain times and toward more stability. Navigating the Crossroads: She specializes in helping adults (18+) navigate the complexities of co-occurring mental health concerns and substance use. Whether it's anxiety, whispering doubts, depression weighing you down, or past traumas echoing in the present, I'm here to listen without judgment and offer a safe space to explore and heal.
(332) 239-6369 View (332) 239-6369
Photo of Dana Kind, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Dana Kind
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10024
I believe in creating a relaxed, responsive, collaborative and supportive environment in order to explore your concerns. I enjoy helping children, pre-adolescents and teens navigate the social and emotional challenges of today’s world. I also work with adults struggling with anxiety and depression, disordered eating and body image issues, self-esteem, trauma and relationship issues. I use a strength-based, client-centered approach to uncover the underlying source of the issues, and to identify triggers that can lead to troubling thoughts and behaviors.
I believe in creating a relaxed, responsive, collaborative and supportive environment in order to explore your concerns. I enjoy helping children, pre-adolescents and teens navigate the social and emotional challenges of today’s world. I also work with adults struggling with anxiety and depression, disordered eating and body image issues, self-esteem, trauma and relationship issues. I use a strength-based, client-centered approach to uncover the underlying source of the issues, and to identify triggers that can lead to troubling thoughts and behaviors.
(646) 793-9840 View (646) 793-9840
Photo of Lilibeth Chauca- Expansive Therapy, Counselor in New York, NY
Lilibeth Chauca- Expansive Therapy
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10002
I believe that understanding ourselves and how we've been impacted by life experiences is essential for personal growth. Through self-exploration, clients can identify behavior patterns and life perspectives that no longer meet their needs. Clients will be empowered to develop approaches to obstacles that allow them to connect to their strengths. In my practice I integrate: EMDR, psychodynamic, cognitive-behavior therapy, internal family systems and mindfulness work.
I believe that understanding ourselves and how we've been impacted by life experiences is essential for personal growth. Through self-exploration, clients can identify behavior patterns and life perspectives that no longer meet their needs. Clients will be empowered to develop approaches to obstacles that allow them to connect to their strengths. In my practice I integrate: EMDR, psychodynamic, cognitive-behavior therapy, internal family systems and mindfulness work.
(917) 970-9369 View (917) 970-9369
Photo of Elissa Kozlov, Psychologist in New York, NY
Elissa Kozlov
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10075  (Online Only)
I am accepting new clients. I combine compassionate care with evidence-based therapies to enable you to set and meet goals, feel better, and live the life you want and deserve. My goal is to provide you with a caring, comfortable, and supportive environment to discuss your concerns and help you develop new skills to improve your quality of life. Some of my clients only require a few sessions while others may benefit from longer-term counseling. I am exclusively a tele therapist. This allows you to see a therapist from the comfort and convenience of your own home. When I'm not seeing patients, I am a professor at Rutgers.
I am accepting new clients. I combine compassionate care with evidence-based therapies to enable you to set and meet goals, feel better, and live the life you want and deserve. My goal is to provide you with a caring, comfortable, and supportive environment to discuss your concerns and help you develop new skills to improve your quality of life. Some of my clients only require a few sessions while others may benefit from longer-term counseling. I am exclusively a tele therapist. This allows you to see a therapist from the comfort and convenience of your own home. When I'm not seeing patients, I am a professor at Rutgers.
(914) 758-0263 View (914) 758-0263
Photo of Randall Richardson, Psychologist in New York, NY
Randall Richardson
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10028
I provide focused therapy that will help you to see your patterns better, and this allows you to change them. Obstacles to change are very subtle. They are often almost invisible. We will look at them in an objective way, so that you can act on the solutions. Self-awareness can redirect your energies to creating more positive states of mind. I also provide psychological testing and neuropsychological assessment services for children and adults.
I provide focused therapy that will help you to see your patterns better, and this allows you to change them. Obstacles to change are very subtle. They are often almost invisible. We will look at them in an objective way, so that you can act on the solutions. Self-awareness can redirect your energies to creating more positive states of mind. I also provide psychological testing and neuropsychological assessment services for children and adults.
(646) 681-2520 View (646) 681-2520
Photo of Kelsey Logan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Kelsey Logan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
New York, NY 10011
Whether you are experiencing relationship issues, are looking to break patterns, or are wanting to get to know yourself better, therapy is a wonderful place to foster personal growth. I love working with people to understand their "why" and to find ways to create a rich, fulfilling life. I specialize in working with individuals and couples who may identify as LGBTQIA+, artists, people with uteruses, and caregivers of children and/or older adults. I work in person and virtually. You can schedule a free 15 minute consultation with me here: calendly.com/kelseylogan
Whether you are experiencing relationship issues, are looking to break patterns, or are wanting to get to know yourself better, therapy is a wonderful place to foster personal growth. I love working with people to understand their "why" and to find ways to create a rich, fulfilling life. I specialize in working with individuals and couples who may identify as LGBTQIA+, artists, people with uteruses, and caregivers of children and/or older adults. I work in person and virtually. You can schedule a free 15 minute consultation with me here: calendly.com/kelseylogan
(929) 500-7491 View (929) 500-7491
Photo of Rappore in New York, NY
Rappore
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10001  (Online Only)
Our team of therapists & psychiatrists are leading minds in mental health. We understand your unique needs and are dedicated to helping you find solutions to life’s challenges. We use the most up to date, scientifically proven treatments. When patients have the courage to place faith in us, we have a responsibility to justify their confidence.
Our team of therapists & psychiatrists are leading minds in mental health. We understand your unique needs and are dedicated to helping you find solutions to life’s challenges. We use the most up to date, scientifically proven treatments. When patients have the courage to place faith in us, we have a responsibility to justify their confidence.
(914) 350-4460 View (914) 350-4460
Photo of Pamela Boneparth, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Pamela Boneparth
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10011  (Online Only)
I am Pamela Boneparth, an experienced licensed clinical social worker and a passionate practitioner of modern wellness. I believe in using therapy to build a life that has meaning, excites and inspires you. I offer a safe and secure space for you to better understand yourself and navigate the curveballs that life inevitably throws our way. I work with you to develop a custom toolkit of strategies to utilize going forward. I couple traditional therapy approaches with modern wellness techniques to help you establish your goals and overcome obstacles to achieve them.
I am Pamela Boneparth, an experienced licensed clinical social worker and a passionate practitioner of modern wellness. I believe in using therapy to build a life that has meaning, excites and inspires you. I offer a safe and secure space for you to better understand yourself and navigate the curveballs that life inevitably throws our way. I work with you to develop a custom toolkit of strategies to utilize going forward. I couple traditional therapy approaches with modern wellness techniques to help you establish your goals and overcome obstacles to achieve them.
(332) 263-3861 View (332) 263-3861
Nicole Pecorella
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10003  (Online Only)
Congratulations on embarking on this brave journey towards cultivating greater self-love, healing, and personal growth. I'm Nicole, a therapist known for my genuine kindness, compassion, and deep empathy. My commitment lies in creating a nurturing and secure environment where you can freely explore your thoughts and emotions without any fear of judgment. Together, we'll strive for positive growth, uncover layers of self-discovery, and navigate the challenges that you're encountering with care and support.
Congratulations on embarking on this brave journey towards cultivating greater self-love, healing, and personal growth. I'm Nicole, a therapist known for my genuine kindness, compassion, and deep empathy. My commitment lies in creating a nurturing and secure environment where you can freely explore your thoughts and emotions without any fear of judgment. Together, we'll strive for positive growth, uncover layers of self-discovery, and navigate the challenges that you're encountering with care and support.
View
Photo of Erez Harari, Psychologist in New York, NY
Erez Harari
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
New York, NY 10023
Welcome! I am a licensed clinical psychologist in private practice on the Upper West Side. I completed my Ph.D. at Fordham University, and my pre-doctoral internship at the Yale University School of Medicine. I specialize in providing treatments that have been supported by research including cognitive behavioral therapy for mood and anxiety disorders, dialectical behavior therapy for emotion dysregulation/borderline personality disorder, and relapse prevention/motivational interviewing for substance abuse. In addition to my private practice, I work as a supervising psychologist at Montefiore Medical Center / Albert Einstein College of Medicine.
Welcome! I am a licensed clinical psychologist in private practice on the Upper West Side. I completed my Ph.D. at Fordham University, and my pre-doctoral internship at the Yale University School of Medicine. I specialize in providing treatments that have been supported by research including cognitive behavioral therapy for mood and anxiety disorders, dialectical behavior therapy for emotion dysregulation/borderline personality disorder, and relapse prevention/motivational interviewing for substance abuse. In addition to my private practice, I work as a supervising psychologist at Montefiore Medical Center / Albert Einstein College of Medicine.
(917) 563-2267 View (917) 563-2267
Photo of Kobi Bordoley, Pre-Licensed Professional in New York, NY
Kobi Bordoley
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, MHC, LP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10001  (Online Only)
Are you caught between competing identities, beliefs, and desires? Are you struggling to heal from trauma, overcome despair, or maintain boundaries? Do you find yourself socially or politically misunderstood by those around you? Do you repeat the same unsatisfying patterns in work, friendship, and relationships? Together, we can explore all this in a curious, collaborative, non-judgmental way. All feelings and beliefs are welcome, no matter how confusing or contradictory they may seem at first. I believe that the best therapy is affirming yet challenging, and built on trust, joy, and humor. It's never too late to try.
Are you caught between competing identities, beliefs, and desires? Are you struggling to heal from trauma, overcome despair, or maintain boundaries? Do you find yourself socially or politically misunderstood by those around you? Do you repeat the same unsatisfying patterns in work, friendship, and relationships? Together, we can explore all this in a curious, collaborative, non-judgmental way. All feelings and beliefs are welcome, no matter how confusing or contradictory they may seem at first. I believe that the best therapy is affirming yet challenging, and built on trust, joy, and humor. It's never too late to try.
(929) 396-3255 View (929) 396-3255
Photo of Phoebe Malachai, LPC Intern in New York, NY
Phoebe Malachai
LPC Intern, MHC-LP
Not Verified Not Verified
New York, NY 10007
Not accepting new clients
I work with artists of all backgrounds regarding struggles around creativity and self expression. I offer an affirming, safe space for people who identify as POC and LGBTQIA+ to explore their identities and deconstruct their own narrative within the larger lens of society. I treat both individuals, and couples, ranging from ages 15-40+.
I work with artists of all backgrounds regarding struggles around creativity and self expression. I offer an affirming, safe space for people who identify as POC and LGBTQIA+ to explore their identities and deconstruct their own narrative within the larger lens of society. I treat both individuals, and couples, ranging from ages 15-40+.
(332) 334-8830 View (332) 334-8830

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in New York, NY

3,000+

Average cost per session

$200

Therapists in New York, NY who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
89% Depression
85% Relationship Issues
78% Self Esteem
67% Trauma and PTSD
66% Stress
63% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

78% Aetna
62% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
60% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in New York, NY see their clients

59% In Person and Online
41% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
21% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in New York?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.