Therapists in New York, NY

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Photo of Joseph Fifield, LMHC, MSEd, Counselor
Joseph Fifield
Counselor, LMHC, MSEd
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10075  (Online Only)
I aspire to create a space that is welcoming, safe, non-judgmental, empathic and introspective. My goal is to help you learn about yourself and how you relate to others so that you can make positive improvements that are lasting. Therapy can be challenging; but my belief is that through this meaningful work you will develop a deeper sense of self and awareness of strengths that may have gone undiscovered to this point. In therapy, issues to be resolved will be addressed with the idea that self-awareness leads to choice, responsibility and change.
I aspire to create a space that is welcoming, safe, non-judgmental, empathic and introspective. My goal is to help you learn about yourself and how you relate to others so that you can make positive improvements that are lasting. Therapy can be challenging; but my belief is that through this meaningful work you will develop a deeper sense of self and awareness of strengths that may have gone undiscovered to this point. In therapy, issues to be resolved will be addressed with the idea that self-awareness leads to choice, responsibility and change.
(929) 242-6719 View (929) 242-6719
Photo of Julie Koven, PhD, Psychologist
Julie Koven
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10016  (Online Only)
Are you looking to process past trauma that impact your relationships, daily life, or how you see yourself? Do you often prioritize the needs of others and find it hard to focus on yourself? I’m here to help you gain insight into your experiences, understand what you need, and communicate with others more effectively.
Are you looking to process past trauma that impact your relationships, daily life, or how you see yourself? Do you often prioritize the needs of others and find it hard to focus on yourself? I’m here to help you gain insight into your experiences, understand what you need, and communicate with others more effectively.
(646) 859-2354 View (646) 859-2354
Photo of Cassie Peterson, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Cassie Peterson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10038
I have been a psychotherapist for 12 years, specializing in individual and couples therapy for adults. I practice primarily from a psychodynamic approach with emphasis on the immediate, relational aspects of treatment. I work to build safety, trust, and intimacy between us so that we can explore the deeper patterns that may be affecting your life. I also incorporate a trauma-informed lens to help clients better understand and transform the effects of past events. I specialize in working with both acute and complex trauma, and understand the gravity of social trauma and the insidious ways that oppression can hinder us.
I have been a psychotherapist for 12 years, specializing in individual and couples therapy for adults. I practice primarily from a psychodynamic approach with emphasis on the immediate, relational aspects of treatment. I work to build safety, trust, and intimacy between us so that we can explore the deeper patterns that may be affecting your life. I also incorporate a trauma-informed lens to help clients better understand and transform the effects of past events. I specialize in working with both acute and complex trauma, and understand the gravity of social trauma and the insidious ways that oppression can hinder us.
(347) 947-2633 View (347) 947-2633
Photo of Geneviève Bixler, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Geneviève Bixler
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10010  (Online Only)
Humans are meant to support each other. By building healthy relationships, we can move toward self actualization. My clients are young adults seeking to improve relationships with friends, families, partners, and themselves. We might work together to identify your needs, set boundaries, communicate in a healthy way, or explore polyamory. I also work with people experiencing anxiety, depression, trauma, and grief to improve their mind-body connection and unpack how their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are interrelated.
Humans are meant to support each other. By building healthy relationships, we can move toward self actualization. My clients are young adults seeking to improve relationships with friends, families, partners, and themselves. We might work together to identify your needs, set boundaries, communicate in a healthy way, or explore polyamory. I also work with people experiencing anxiety, depression, trauma, and grief to improve their mind-body connection and unpack how their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are interrelated.
(332) 264-1179 View (332) 264-1179
Photo of Dr. Stacie Woodland, DSW, LCSW-R, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Dr. Stacie Woodland
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, DSW, LCSW-R
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10001
Are you thinking "if I had made different choices in my life, I would not be feeling so empty, lonely or worthless."? You may not even know where these feelings are coming from or why they continue to overwhelm you. Although you cannot change or erase the past, you can come to a place where you can learn to relate to and experience the past differently. You can begin to understand where your patterns, feelings and behaviors come from and how they play out in your life. You can start to feel like a worthwhile person deserving of happiness and love in your life.
Are you thinking "if I had made different choices in my life, I would not be feeling so empty, lonely or worthless."? You may not even know where these feelings are coming from or why they continue to overwhelm you. Although you cannot change or erase the past, you can come to a place where you can learn to relate to and experience the past differently. You can begin to understand where your patterns, feelings and behaviors come from and how they play out in your life. You can start to feel like a worthwhile person deserving of happiness and love in your life.
(917) 525-4477 View (917) 525-4477
Photo of undefined - Christine Fernandez - Peaceful Way Psychology, PhD, Psychologist
Christine Fernandez - Peaceful Way Psychology
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10016
Ready to make some changes in your life? I am a Clinical Psychologist and a Life Coach. I combine the depth of psychology with the practicality of life coaching to help you meet your personal goals. I help people just like you every day to become more fulfilled and successful in personal relationships and careers, improve self confidence and mood, and decrease anxiety. The people I work with are successful in certain areas of their lives, but need some guidance in other areas. Depending on your needs, our work together can be short-term or ongoing,
Ready to make some changes in your life? I am a Clinical Psychologist and a Life Coach. I combine the depth of psychology with the practicality of life coaching to help you meet your personal goals. I help people just like you every day to become more fulfilled and successful in personal relationships and careers, improve self confidence and mood, and decrease anxiety. The people I work with are successful in certain areas of their lives, but need some guidance in other areas. Depending on your needs, our work together can be short-term or ongoing,
(212) 335-0511 View (212) 335-0511
Photo of Noah Pollack, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Noah Pollack
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10003  (Online Only)
In my role as a therapist I try to gain an understanding of what the patient believes to be their presenting problem(s), what they would like to achieve at this stage in their life, and then working with them on developing techniques to overcome the obstacles that they perceive are preventing them from reaching their potential.
In my role as a therapist I try to gain an understanding of what the patient believes to be their presenting problem(s), what they would like to achieve at this stage in their life, and then working with them on developing techniques to overcome the obstacles that they perceive are preventing them from reaching their potential.
(646) 759-4109 View (646) 759-4109
Photo of Mark J Evans, PhD, Psychologist
Mark J Evans
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10018
Not accepting new clients
My aim is to assist you in achieving personal and professional goals, by helping you to identify and address challenges, internal and external, that prevent you from connecting to and expressing your truest, most authentic self. Together we will focus on your unique history and attributes, and within this context, old patterns and present issues can unfold, be gently challenged, and brought into balance. Although I have received training in various treatment approaches (EMDR, EFT, CBT, IPT, Schema Therapy, etc.), I will attempt to integrate the best elements of each approach, tailoring the therapy to your individual needs.
My aim is to assist you in achieving personal and professional goals, by helping you to identify and address challenges, internal and external, that prevent you from connecting to and expressing your truest, most authentic self. Together we will focus on your unique history and attributes, and within this context, old patterns and present issues can unfold, be gently challenged, and brought into balance. Although I have received training in various treatment approaches (EMDR, EFT, CBT, IPT, Schema Therapy, etc.), I will attempt to integrate the best elements of each approach, tailoring the therapy to your individual needs.
(212) 840-8458 View (212) 840-8458
Photo of Waitsell Van Jones, LMHC, Counselor
Waitsell Van Jones
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10034  (Online Only)
I work with my clients to create an open and safe environment where thoughts and feelings can be shared without fear of judgment. I utilize cognitive behavioral and client centered therapy techniques to help others recognize unhelpful thinking patterns and behaviors and create more positive and helpful ones. I believe in an approach that puts the client as the foremost expert in their own care and direction.
I work with my clients to create an open and safe environment where thoughts and feelings can be shared without fear of judgment. I utilize cognitive behavioral and client centered therapy techniques to help others recognize unhelpful thinking patterns and behaviors and create more positive and helpful ones. I believe in an approach that puts the client as the foremost expert in their own care and direction.
(929) 205-6492 View (929) 205-6492
Photo of Peter J Galvin, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Peter J Galvin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10025  (Online Only)
I work from a strengths-based perspective with the belief that we all possess unique skills and abilities that can help us transcend painful circumstances, leading us to a recognition of the richness and meaning that is possible in our lives. I have worked extensively with individuals (from college age to older adulthood) and couples dealing with mental health issues such as depression; anxiety; trauma; problems in relationships; substance abuse; and bipolar disorder. I formerly specialized in psychotherapy with older adults at UCLA Health in LA for almost 10 years before moving to NYC in 2023. Now licensed in NY, NJ, CA, and MA.
I work from a strengths-based perspective with the belief that we all possess unique skills and abilities that can help us transcend painful circumstances, leading us to a recognition of the richness and meaning that is possible in our lives. I have worked extensively with individuals (from college age to older adulthood) and couples dealing with mental health issues such as depression; anxiety; trauma; problems in relationships; substance abuse; and bipolar disorder. I formerly specialized in psychotherapy with older adults at UCLA Health in LA for almost 10 years before moving to NYC in 2023. Now licensed in NY, NJ, CA, and MA.
(347) 757-4805 View (347) 757-4805
Photo of Maxine Swajian: Licensed Psychotherapist, MA, MEd, LMHC, LPC, Counselor
Maxine Swajian: Licensed Psychotherapist
Counselor, MA, MEd, LMHC, LPC
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10036  (Online Only)
Columbia University Trained. Licensed Psychotherapist. Specializing in Men's Mental Health & Career Counseling.
Columbia University Trained. Licensed Psychotherapist. Specializing in Men's Mental Health & Career Counseling.
(646) 389-8330 View (646) 389-8330
Photo of Sarah Margolin, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Sarah Margolin
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10001  (Online Only)
Are you having trouble with your teenagers? I can help! I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT), and a teen expert. I have 20 years of experience treating adolescents and families. This is my passion! I understand teens and young adults, and have developed successful techniques that help family members better understand each other, and communicate more effectively. I consistently incorporate empathy, humor, and intuitive healing into the treatment process. I have extensive experience treating adolescent peer and behavioral issues, substance abuse, divorce-related issues, trauma, and problems related to body image.
Are you having trouble with your teenagers? I can help! I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT), and a teen expert. I have 20 years of experience treating adolescents and families. This is my passion! I understand teens and young adults, and have developed successful techniques that help family members better understand each other, and communicate more effectively. I consistently incorporate empathy, humor, and intuitive healing into the treatment process. I have extensive experience treating adolescent peer and behavioral issues, substance abuse, divorce-related issues, trauma, and problems related to body image.
(929) 430-2496 View (929) 430-2496
Photo of Lauren Schwartz, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lauren Schwartz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10028  (Online Only)
Lauren is proudly part of the team at Tri America Health & Wellness and is offering tele-visits for children, adolescents, and adults. She is a therapist with ten years of experience providing social services and psychotherapy to marginalized populations. She provides psychotherapy for issues relating to depression, anxiety, relational dynamics, young adulthood, life transitions, dating, loneliness, LGBTQIA issues, chronic illness, and bereavement.
Lauren is proudly part of the team at Tri America Health & Wellness and is offering tele-visits for children, adolescents, and adults. She is a therapist with ten years of experience providing social services and psychotherapy to marginalized populations. She provides psychotherapy for issues relating to depression, anxiety, relational dynamics, young adulthood, life transitions, dating, loneliness, LGBTQIA issues, chronic illness, and bereavement.
(646) 859-2261 View (646) 859-2261
Photo of Chelsea Stack, PsyD, Psychologist
Chelsea Stack
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10065  (Online Only)
I am a New York based licensed Clinical Psychologist. I provide child, adolescent and adult individual and family therapy sessions. My practice focuses on working with clients who may be struggling with difficulties stemming from trauma, depression, anxiety, family conflict, personality issues, school/work related stressors and every day difficulties that one may be facing.
I am a New York based licensed Clinical Psychologist. I provide child, adolescent and adult individual and family therapy sessions. My practice focuses on working with clients who may be struggling with difficulties stemming from trauma, depression, anxiety, family conflict, personality issues, school/work related stressors and every day difficulties that one may be facing.
(646) 722-6830 View (646) 722-6830
Photo of Ashley Teoh, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Ashley Teoh
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10001
I warmly welcome individuals seeking culturally inclusive, strengths-based therapy. Whether it's depression, anxiety, trauma, or life transitions, I'm here to empower your healing journey. As a first-generation American, I understand how culture, family dynamics, and intergenerational factors impact stress. Growing up in a family shaped by the Cambodian genocide's trauma, I deeply grasp culture, identity, and mental health's intricate interplay. My experiences fuel my dedication to helping individuals navigate trauma, acculturation, and resilience.
I warmly welcome individuals seeking culturally inclusive, strengths-based therapy. Whether it's depression, anxiety, trauma, or life transitions, I'm here to empower your healing journey. As a first-generation American, I understand how culture, family dynamics, and intergenerational factors impact stress. Growing up in a family shaped by the Cambodian genocide's trauma, I deeply grasp culture, identity, and mental health's intricate interplay. My experiences fuel my dedication to helping individuals navigate trauma, acculturation, and resilience.
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Photo of Emily Villeneuve, MA, LMHC, Counselor
Emily Villeneuve
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10075  (Online Only)
Taking the step to enter therapy can be overwhelming and uncertain. Accepting that you need help can mean the difference between continued suffering and overcoming painful life experiences. While I have experience working with individuals with many different presenting problems, I am particularly skilled in the treatment of anxiety disorders, trauma, OCD, and all forms of addiction. Built through open communication, empathy, and non judgment, I will create a safe space to help you break free of the patterns, habits and beliefs that have kept you feeling stuck and from reaching your personal goals.
Taking the step to enter therapy can be overwhelming and uncertain. Accepting that you need help can mean the difference between continued suffering and overcoming painful life experiences. While I have experience working with individuals with many different presenting problems, I am particularly skilled in the treatment of anxiety disorders, trauma, OCD, and all forms of addiction. Built through open communication, empathy, and non judgment, I will create a safe space to help you break free of the patterns, habits and beliefs that have kept you feeling stuck and from reaching your personal goals.
(646) 798-6472 View (646) 798-6472
Photo of Barbara O'Hara, MA, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Barbara O'Hara
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10010
Do you often have the sense you're not in charge of your own life? In overwhelm? I believe difficulties in living are a sign we've outgrown certain habits, behaviors or views. What may have helped us survive in the past doesn't help us flourish in the here and now. So, we find ourselves stuck - in a painful relationship, an unsatisfying job situation, or with unpleasant physical symptoms of anxiety or depression. Our suffering may be a great awakener, calling us out of the sleep of unconsciousness, asking us what it is we really want. I provide a sensitive, warm spaciousness that invites your whole self to address that question.
Do you often have the sense you're not in charge of your own life? In overwhelm? I believe difficulties in living are a sign we've outgrown certain habits, behaviors or views. What may have helped us survive in the past doesn't help us flourish in the here and now. So, we find ourselves stuck - in a painful relationship, an unsatisfying job situation, or with unpleasant physical symptoms of anxiety or depression. Our suffering may be a great awakener, calling us out of the sleep of unconsciousness, asking us what it is we really want. I provide a sensitive, warm spaciousness that invites your whole self to address that question.
(917) 809-6844 View (917) 809-6844
Photo of John M. Michna, PhD, Psychologist
John M. Michna
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10010  (Online Only)
Life at times can be difficult turning your world upside down .I offer a direct eclectic experienced approach to psychotherapy to manage and resolve symptoms of Acute Stress Disorder, PTSD, C-PTSD, anxiety, depression and personal recovery treatment related to addictions and aftercare. I place a strong importance on you feeling safe, heard, and understood in the therapeutic relationship. Each intervention is designed to the unique needs of the client, enhancing personal choice, inner strengths, and self empowerment. Accepting new clients. Weekend appointments available.
Life at times can be difficult turning your world upside down .I offer a direct eclectic experienced approach to psychotherapy to manage and resolve symptoms of Acute Stress Disorder, PTSD, C-PTSD, anxiety, depression and personal recovery treatment related to addictions and aftercare. I place a strong importance on you feeling safe, heard, and understood in the therapeutic relationship. Each intervention is designed to the unique needs of the client, enhancing personal choice, inner strengths, and self empowerment. Accepting new clients. Weekend appointments available.
(914) 867-0224 View (914) 867-0224
Photo of Antonieta Contreras, LCSW-R, BCN, EMDRIA, CCPT-II, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Antonieta Contreras
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R, BCN, EMDRIA, CCPT-II
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
New York, NY 10001
I'm a strong advocate for emotional well-being. Experiencing emotions is as natural as feeling hunger, and facing emotional challenges, as common as experiencing appetite. Engaging in therapy to process emotions is essential, much like regular doctor visits, whether for a check-up, addressing initial symptoms, or seeking help when issues have already affected life functioning. My approach focuses on helping clients overcome doubts, difficulties, and challenges to promote a calm, stable, and fulfilling life, staying away from categorizing, labeling, or pathologizing. You can learn about me on my book Traumatization & Its Aftermath.
I'm a strong advocate for emotional well-being. Experiencing emotions is as natural as feeling hunger, and facing emotional challenges, as common as experiencing appetite. Engaging in therapy to process emotions is essential, much like regular doctor visits, whether for a check-up, addressing initial symptoms, or seeking help when issues have already affected life functioning. My approach focuses on helping clients overcome doubts, difficulties, and challenges to promote a calm, stable, and fulfilling life, staying away from categorizing, labeling, or pathologizing. You can learn about me on my book Traumatization & Its Aftermath.
(646) 762-6064 View (646) 762-6064
Photo of Cheryl Delaney, LMHC, Counselor
Cheryl Delaney
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10018  (Online Only)
To create a safe space, Cheryl adheres to person-centered core values and attitudes including unconditional positive regard for the client, and a multicultural/LGBTQ+ affirmative approach to counseling. As a Certified Clinical Trauma Professional-II, Cheryl is particularly attuned to providing trauma-informed care for clients. Cheryl uses integrative treatment modalities adapted to the goals of the client, which may include Motivational Interviewing, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Sensorimotor Psychotherapy and EMDR.
To create a safe space, Cheryl adheres to person-centered core values and attitudes including unconditional positive regard for the client, and a multicultural/LGBTQ+ affirmative approach to counseling. As a Certified Clinical Trauma Professional-II, Cheryl is particularly attuned to providing trauma-informed care for clients. Cheryl uses integrative treatment modalities adapted to the goals of the client, which may include Motivational Interviewing, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Sensorimotor Psychotherapy and EMDR.
(929) 493-4755 View (929) 493-4755

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in New York, NY

3,000+

Average cost per session

$200

Therapists in New York, NY who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
89% Depression
84% Relationship Issues
78% Self Esteem
67% Trauma and PTSD
66% Stress
64% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

79% Aetna
62% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
61% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in New York, NY see their clients

58% In Person and Online
42% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
21% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in New York?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.