Therapists in New York, NY

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Photo of Louise Lasson, LCSW-R, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Louise Lasson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10010
Not accepting new clients
I am currently only accepting therapists and practitioners seeking IFS consultation. Feeling stuck, such as repeatedly finding yourself in unsatisfying or even toxic relationships, is a common reason people come to therapy. For example, a person who grew up with a raging parent. In order for that child to survive, s/he would have to "turn off" that part of themselves that signals danger or else risk constant emotional overload. Now, as an adult, that person engages in unhealthy relationships because they never turned their danger signal back on. I am currently unable to accept any new Metroplus/Affinity/Beacon clients.
I am currently only accepting therapists and practitioners seeking IFS consultation. Feeling stuck, such as repeatedly finding yourself in unsatisfying or even toxic relationships, is a common reason people come to therapy. For example, a person who grew up with a raging parent. In order for that child to survive, s/he would have to "turn off" that part of themselves that signals danger or else risk constant emotional overload. Now, as an adult, that person engages in unhealthy relationships because they never turned their danger signal back on. I am currently unable to accept any new Metroplus/Affinity/Beacon clients.
(646) 600-5143 View (646) 600-5143
Photo of Courtney Pensavalle, MA, LMHC
Courtney Pensavalle
MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10001
The therapy process can be a daunting endeavor. As humans, we heal and grow through building trusting relationships that allow us to surrender to the inner work that will promote change and heighten our connectedness with ourselves and others. Through building on your strengths and offering therapy tailored to your needs, my goal is to meet you where you are at and to support you in identifying ways you can live in alignment with your values and core self. Together, we will explore the intersections of physical and psychological health, cultural identities, relational dynamics, and their collective impact on your overall wellbeing.
The therapy process can be a daunting endeavor. As humans, we heal and grow through building trusting relationships that allow us to surrender to the inner work that will promote change and heighten our connectedness with ourselves and others. Through building on your strengths and offering therapy tailored to your needs, my goal is to meet you where you are at and to support you in identifying ways you can live in alignment with your values and core self. Together, we will explore the intersections of physical and psychological health, cultural identities, relational dynamics, and their collective impact on your overall wellbeing.
(646) 927-1599 View (646) 927-1599
Photo of David Alexander Summerhill, MA, LMHC, LPCC, NCC, Counselor
David Alexander Summerhill
Counselor, MA, LMHC, LPCC, NCC
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10011  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Please Note: My practice is Virtual Only. Our beliefs and how we see the world are influenced by things we don’t get to choose, like our families or the circumstances we’re born into. Even if we don’t get to choose these things, we have the ability to change in the ways we want to. Therapy can help us become more free. If you want to begin that journey in self discovery, I’m here to walk with you. We will explore the circumstances that shaped you. We will explore the past, present, and imagine the future. I will help serve as a navigator down the path to your answers, your destinations, and ultimately, your truth.
Please Note: My practice is Virtual Only. Our beliefs and how we see the world are influenced by things we don’t get to choose, like our families or the circumstances we’re born into. Even if we don’t get to choose these things, we have the ability to change in the ways we want to. Therapy can help us become more free. If you want to begin that journey in self discovery, I’m here to walk with you. We will explore the circumstances that shaped you. We will explore the past, present, and imagine the future. I will help serve as a navigator down the path to your answers, your destinations, and ultimately, your truth.
(201) 809-3771 View (201) 809-3771
Photo of Kelli Morin, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kelli Morin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10016  (Online Only)
Finding a therapist is a lot like dating. It takes time and patience to find the right one. Once you find the right match, and eventually you will, all the hard work will feel more than worth it. With a true understanding of what it takes to seek out someone to talk to, I strive to offer an empathetic, practical and collaborative approach to therapy. My focus is on creating a strong therapeutic alliance that is not only nurturing, but challenges you to step outside your comfort zone and embrace change.
Finding a therapist is a lot like dating. It takes time and patience to find the right one. Once you find the right match, and eventually you will, all the hard work will feel more than worth it. With a true understanding of what it takes to seek out someone to talk to, I strive to offer an empathetic, practical and collaborative approach to therapy. My focus is on creating a strong therapeutic alliance that is not only nurturing, but challenges you to step outside your comfort zone and embrace change.
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Photo of Shari Bispham Jacob, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Shari Bispham Jacob
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10035  (Online Only)
Seeking therapy can be a difficult process, which requires courage; congratulations on making this decision! It is the first step to healing, and learning to lean into life from a healthier outlook. Life changes, relationship challenges, school difficulties, trauma or interpersonal conflicts can leave us feeling stuck, isolated, and hopeless. My goal is to provide a safe space where you will feel heard and supported. Working together using a judgement free, collaborative approach to help you to build a tool kit with the skills you need to reach goals, and navigate through difficulties in life.
Seeking therapy can be a difficult process, which requires courage; congratulations on making this decision! It is the first step to healing, and learning to lean into life from a healthier outlook. Life changes, relationship challenges, school difficulties, trauma or interpersonal conflicts can leave us feeling stuck, isolated, and hopeless. My goal is to provide a safe space where you will feel heard and supported. Working together using a judgement free, collaborative approach to help you to build a tool kit with the skills you need to reach goals, and navigate through difficulties in life.
(845) 402-2195 View (845) 402-2195
Photo of Barbara L. Reichenthal, LCSW, BCD, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Barbara L. Reichenthal
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, BCD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10016  (Online Only)
As Covid lingers on, you may still be experiencing anxiety and/or depression that started because of, or worsened during, these past 3 years. Or perhaps you are facing your own or a family member's medical condition, struggling with relationship difficulties, dealing with problems at work, facing life transitions, or are burdened with other worries. For any of these reasons, we can work together to help bring improvements to your life.
As Covid lingers on, you may still be experiencing anxiety and/or depression that started because of, or worsened during, these past 3 years. Or perhaps you are facing your own or a family member's medical condition, struggling with relationship difficulties, dealing with problems at work, facing life transitions, or are burdened with other worries. For any of these reasons, we can work together to help bring improvements to your life.
(646) 351-1767 View (646) 351-1767
Photo of Monica Cepin, LCSW, BCD, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Monica Cepin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, BCD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10001  (Online Only)
My goal in working with patients is to help them identify behaviors or thinking patterns that may be keeping them from reaching their full potential in all aspects of their lives. We will work collaboratively in a safe, judgment-free environment.
My goal in working with patients is to help them identify behaviors or thinking patterns that may be keeping them from reaching their full potential in all aspects of their lives. We will work collaboratively in a safe, judgment-free environment.
(646) 791-2822 View (646) 791-2822
Photo of Amber Bankson, MA, EdM, LMHC, Counselor
Amber Bankson
Counselor, MA, EdM, LMHC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
New York, NY 10016
I am a Gestalt therapist and an executive coach in New York City. I am committed to helping my clients achieve their goals by providing a partnership that facilitates deeper awareness, leading to a new sense of empowerment and change.
I am a Gestalt therapist and an executive coach in New York City. I am committed to helping my clients achieve their goals by providing a partnership that facilitates deeper awareness, leading to a new sense of empowerment and change.
(646) 791-3101 View (646) 791-3101
Photo of Sven Erlandson - Badass Counseling® Manhattan, MDiv
Badass Counseling® Manhattan
MDiv
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10018
The former psychologist of a client stated, "Sven accomplished more with you in 5 weeks than I did in 8 years!" I specialize in the most intense people: C-suite execs, struggling couples, and people in a lot of pain; men who hate therapy; women who never fit in but are driven. Particularly, couples & individuals who’ve had little success in therapy. Those who’ve never reached their potential. My only requirement is you trust & open up. If your pain has gotten bad enough that you’re finally ready to stop running from your sh-t & finally look at what’s really killing you, & go after what you really want, let’s kick some ass together!
The former psychologist of a client stated, "Sven accomplished more with you in 5 weeks than I did in 8 years!" I specialize in the most intense people: C-suite execs, struggling couples, and people in a lot of pain; men who hate therapy; women who never fit in but are driven. Particularly, couples & individuals who’ve had little success in therapy. Those who’ve never reached their potential. My only requirement is you trust & open up. If your pain has gotten bad enough that you’re finally ready to stop running from your sh-t & finally look at what’s really killing you, & go after what you really want, let’s kick some ass together!
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Photo of Charlynn Ann Willis, LMHC, MA, Counselor
Charlynn Ann Willis
Counselor, LMHC, MA
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10016
"Alis grave nihil": Nothing is heavy to those with wings. My goal is to help clients learn to fly above their pain, fears, stressors. My job is providing the tools and guidance to recognize the issues. In my practice, these tools might include cognitive or behavioral techniques or other methods/theories, including mindfulness. The approach to wellness might include spiritual or physical health but, in all things, the focus is on the client and it always takes his/her needs and desires as primary. Beyond techniques is always the importance in discovering the underlying causes. There is no one path. For each person it is unique.
"Alis grave nihil": Nothing is heavy to those with wings. My goal is to help clients learn to fly above their pain, fears, stressors. My job is providing the tools and guidance to recognize the issues. In my practice, these tools might include cognitive or behavioral techniques or other methods/theories, including mindfulness. The approach to wellness might include spiritual or physical health but, in all things, the focus is on the client and it always takes his/her needs and desires as primary. Beyond techniques is always the importance in discovering the underlying causes. There is no one path. For each person it is unique.
(646) 759-9321 View (646) 759-9321
Photo of Anna Ivanova-Tatlici, LMHC, LPC
Anna Ivanova-Tatlici
Mental Health Counselor, LMHC, LPC
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10011  (Online Only)
How have you been feeling lately? Prioritize your own wellness with therapy! You deserve a life filled with balance and happiness. I can help you to lower your stress levels, improve your mood and healthier mindset. I specialize in treating anxiety and women's issues. In my private practice I see many working professionals, college students and immigrants. I have a client-centered, strength-focused, and results-oriented approach to providing counseling.
How have you been feeling lately? Prioritize your own wellness with therapy! You deserve a life filled with balance and happiness. I can help you to lower your stress levels, improve your mood and healthier mindset. I specialize in treating anxiety and women's issues. In my private practice I see many working professionals, college students and immigrants. I have a client-centered, strength-focused, and results-oriented approach to providing counseling.
(347) 297-5282 View (347) 297-5282
Photo of Yifan Jin, MA, MHC-LP, Pre-Licensed Professional
Yifan Jin
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, MHC-LP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
New York, NY 10016
Yifan strives to create a safe, judgment-free space for clients to express their challenges. Yifan’s approach is strength-based, emotion-focused, and influenced by cognitive behavioral therapy. Yifan tailors his method to each client so they can explore their challenges, achieve their goals, and more while Yifan accompanies them on their therapeutic journey.
Yifan strives to create a safe, judgment-free space for clients to express their challenges. Yifan’s approach is strength-based, emotion-focused, and influenced by cognitive behavioral therapy. Yifan tailors his method to each client so they can explore their challenges, achieve their goals, and more while Yifan accompanies them on their therapeutic journey.
(646) 798-6991 View (646) 798-6991
Photo of Margaret Ellen McGuire, LCSW, PhD, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Margaret Ellen McGuire
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, PhD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10003
My practice is informed by my firm conviction in the possibility of change, founded in extensive personal & professional experience. I employ an eclectic approach in therapy, with a primary focus on interpersonal, psychodynamic treatment. I have successfully worked with people struggling with many of life's central challenges: identity, relationships, depression, & self-defeating or self-destructive behaviors. I have particular expertise in working with people affected by alcoholism/addiction: not only those who have substance abuse problems, but also the partners or adult children of alcoholics/addicts & people in long-term recovery.
My practice is informed by my firm conviction in the possibility of change, founded in extensive personal & professional experience. I employ an eclectic approach in therapy, with a primary focus on interpersonal, psychodynamic treatment. I have successfully worked with people struggling with many of life's central challenges: identity, relationships, depression, & self-defeating or self-destructive behaviors. I have particular expertise in working with people affected by alcoholism/addiction: not only those who have substance abuse problems, but also the partners or adult children of alcoholics/addicts & people in long-term recovery.
(646) 600-9068 View (646) 600-9068
Photo of Samantha Linden, Pre-Licensed Professional
Samantha Linden
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10016
Transitioning from four years as a school counselor to pursuing my master's in mental health counseling, I bring a wealth of experience in development and psychology. I believe in the innate capacity of every individual to overcome challenges and meet goals with the right guidance. While my background lies with adolescence and teens, I'm eager to extend my support to adults as well. With a client-centered approach, I create safe spaces for exploration and tailor interventions to meet unique needs.
Transitioning from four years as a school counselor to pursuing my master's in mental health counseling, I bring a wealth of experience in development and psychology. I believe in the innate capacity of every individual to overcome challenges and meet goals with the right guidance. While my background lies with adolescence and teens, I'm eager to extend my support to adults as well. With a client-centered approach, I create safe spaces for exploration and tailor interventions to meet unique needs.
(929) 209-8613 View (929) 209-8613
Photo of Dr. Earl Grey, LMHC, LPC, Counselor
Dr. Earl Grey
Counselor, LMHC, LPC
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10010  (Online Only)
Thank you for stoping by my practice profile. I am grateful you are looking to find support to live life to your fullest. I work with people who are doing their best to live successfully and continue to struggle for various reasons. I drive my practice by respecting and actively affirming your cultural experiences, identities, and intersectionalities. The impact of systemic oppression and racism is traumatic and integrating systemic experiences and their relationship to the challenges you are managing, is foundational to my work with you.
Thank you for stoping by my practice profile. I am grateful you are looking to find support to live life to your fullest. I work with people who are doing their best to live successfully and continue to struggle for various reasons. I drive my practice by respecting and actively affirming your cultural experiences, identities, and intersectionalities. The impact of systemic oppression and racism is traumatic and integrating systemic experiences and their relationship to the challenges you are managing, is foundational to my work with you.
(929) 581-7892 View (929) 581-7892
Photo of Susanne E Berman, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Susanne E Berman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10001  (Online Only)
Times are hard. You don’t need to go through this alone. As a therapist in a diverse and supportive online practice, I’m glad to serve people of all backgrounds during difficult times. I provide a safe, non-judgmental, culturally sensitive atmosphere that will allow you to express yourself & uncover the thoughts & behaviors that may be interfering with your daily activities & experiences.
Times are hard. You don’t need to go through this alone. As a therapist in a diverse and supportive online practice, I’m glad to serve people of all backgrounds during difficult times. I provide a safe, non-judgmental, culturally sensitive atmosphere that will allow you to express yourself & uncover the thoughts & behaviors that may be interfering with your daily activities & experiences.
(929) 552-3641 View (929) 552-3641
Photo of Elena Burton, EdM, MA, MHC-LP, Limited Licensed Psychologist
Elena Burton
Limited Licensed Psychologist, EdM, MA, MHC-LP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10016
I've had experience working primarily with anxiety related challenges, including relationship issues, communication and assertiveness skills, as well as navigating life-transitions. I work best with clients who are looking to connect their behaviors and actions to the beliefs and narratives they hold about themselves and the world around them. We'll then work together to use this acceptance and compassionate understanding for where you're coming from to challenge and motivate you to find more helpful approaches and techniques in the future.
I've had experience working primarily with anxiety related challenges, including relationship issues, communication and assertiveness skills, as well as navigating life-transitions. I work best with clients who are looking to connect their behaviors and actions to the beliefs and narratives they hold about themselves and the world around them. We'll then work together to use this acceptance and compassionate understanding for where you're coming from to challenge and motivate you to find more helpful approaches and techniques in the future.
(929) 205-6762 x1 View (929) 205-6762 x1
Photo of Dr. Gary Dillon, PhD, Psychologist
Dr. Gary Dillon
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
New York, NY 10001  (Online Only)
Frustrated, stuck, or unfulfilled in an area of your life? You're not alone. Amid a global pandemic, along with the current social and political climate, knowing how to begin healing can be a challenge. Life is complicated and it can be difficult to reach out to gain the support and encouragement that you need to succeed. But don’t worry, I’ll be your ally on this journey - supporting and helping you along the way. As a Black male therapist in NYC, I specialize in working with individuals & couples, who at times feel powerless and are often marginalized - including immigrants, people of color, and members of the LGBTQIA+ community.
Frustrated, stuck, or unfulfilled in an area of your life? You're not alone. Amid a global pandemic, along with the current social and political climate, knowing how to begin healing can be a challenge. Life is complicated and it can be difficult to reach out to gain the support and encouragement that you need to succeed. But don’t worry, I’ll be your ally on this journey - supporting and helping you along the way. As a Black male therapist in NYC, I specialize in working with individuals & couples, who at times feel powerless and are often marginalized - including immigrants, people of color, and members of the LGBTQIA+ community.
(929) 357-2228 View (929) 357-2228
Photo of Francesca Dorvilas, LCSW, CPC, CLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Francesca Dorvilas
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CPC, CLC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10010  (Online Only)
Welcome! My name is Francesca Dorvilas and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in the State of NY and NJ. I have worked with individuals, families, and couples for over 10 years in areas of parenting, anger management, stress management, relationships, depression, trauma, ADHD and anxiety. Are you seeking to improve your relationships, manage your anger/stress/fears, or simply find healing? Treatment modalities that I use are Trauma Informed Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Solution Focused, Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction, Narrative Therapy, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, Exposure Response Prevention and Psychotherapy.
Welcome! My name is Francesca Dorvilas and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in the State of NY and NJ. I have worked with individuals, families, and couples for over 10 years in areas of parenting, anger management, stress management, relationships, depression, trauma, ADHD and anxiety. Are you seeking to improve your relationships, manage your anger/stress/fears, or simply find healing? Treatment modalities that I use are Trauma Informed Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Solution Focused, Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction, Narrative Therapy, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, Exposure Response Prevention and Psychotherapy.
(518) 808-2971 View (518) 808-2971
Photo of Jennifer Silvershein Teplin, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jennifer Silvershein Teplin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
9 Endorsed
New York, NY 10010
Jennifer Silvershein, LCSW specializes in supporting individuals who experience self-doubt, difficulty in relationships, anxiety, eating disorders and low self-esteem. Jennifer helps her clients to recognize and make the changes necessary to create a life they love. Through several years of clinical experience, Jennifer has found that therapy is most effective when grounded in understanding, collaboration, and motivation. She prioritizes creating a supportive environment in which individuals feel both safe and inspired to make powerful strides towards a more fulfilled self.
Jennifer Silvershein, LCSW specializes in supporting individuals who experience self-doubt, difficulty in relationships, anxiety, eating disorders and low self-esteem. Jennifer helps her clients to recognize and make the changes necessary to create a life they love. Through several years of clinical experience, Jennifer has found that therapy is most effective when grounded in understanding, collaboration, and motivation. She prioritizes creating a supportive environment in which individuals feel both safe and inspired to make powerful strides towards a more fulfilled self.
(917) 994-6111 View (917) 994-6111
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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in New York, NY

3,000+

Average cost per session

$200

Therapists in New York, NY who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
89% Depression
84% Relationship Issues
78% Self Esteem
67% Trauma and PTSD
66% Stress
64% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

80% Aetna
61% Cigna and Evernorth
61% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in New York, NY see their clients

58% In Person and Online
42% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
21% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in New York?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.