Therapists in New York, NY

View neighborhoods in New York
Photo of Yael Sadan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Yael Sadan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
New York, NY 10010  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
The decision to enter therapy is courageous and important. Removing obstacles (such as anxiety and depression) that prevent well being and overall happiness, creating and enhancing relational experiences, coping with trauma, grief and loss or reaching professional goals are worthy and healthy desires. Whatever the precipitant to ones decision, we all have a need to be respected, heard, understood, and to feel safe, cared for and truly "gotten". It is both my belief and years of experience that tells me these conditions are necessary for long lasting, transformational change to occur. Together, we will actively work on helping you achieve your therapeutic goals
The decision to enter therapy is courageous and important. Removing obstacles (such as anxiety and depression) that prevent well being and overall happiness, creating and enhancing relational experiences, coping with trauma, grief and loss or reaching professional goals are worthy and healthy desires. Whatever the precipitant to ones decision, we all have a need to be respected, heard, understood, and to feel safe, cared for and truly "gotten". It is both my belief and years of experience that tells me these conditions are necessary for long lasting, transformational change to occur. Together, we will actively work on helping you achieve your therapeutic goals
(646) 448-8995 View (646) 448-8995
Photo of Kay N. Shin, Art Therapist in New York, NY
Kay N. Shin
Art Therapist, LCAT, MA
Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10016
I am a psychotherapist with over 18 years of clinical experience. I see individuals from diverse backgrounds, including, but not limited to, Asian Americans who deal with various internal and external conflicts. Facing difficult life transitions may result in depression, anxiety, and feeling stuck. I provide a secure space where individuals can search for self-understanding, gain a capacity to bear loneliness and uncertainty of life, and deepen a sense of relatedness. Through dyadic processes, I help them work through early attachment patterns and intergenerational traumas that may reoccur and complicate current life situations.
I am a psychotherapist with over 18 years of clinical experience. I see individuals from diverse backgrounds, including, but not limited to, Asian Americans who deal with various internal and external conflicts. Facing difficult life transitions may result in depression, anxiety, and feeling stuck. I provide a secure space where individuals can search for self-understanding, gain a capacity to bear loneliness and uncertainty of life, and deepen a sense of relatedness. Through dyadic processes, I help them work through early attachment patterns and intergenerational traumas that may reoccur and complicate current life situations.
(917) 512-7724 View (917) 512-7724
Photo of Mary Calamia, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Mary Calamia
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
New York, NY 10025
My name is Mary Calamia. I am a Clinical Social Worker, licensed in New York and Florida. I have worked for about 20 years as a psychotherapist and I truly love what I do - helping people to resolve their problems and to transform their lives. I have worked with clients with a variety of concerns including depression, anxiety, relationship issues, parenting problems, career challenges, trauma, abuse, and difficulties adjusting to life changes. I also helped many people who have been living with a family member who is chemically dependent.
My name is Mary Calamia. I am a Clinical Social Worker, licensed in New York and Florida. I have worked for about 20 years as a psychotherapist and I truly love what I do - helping people to resolve their problems and to transform their lives. I have worked with clients with a variety of concerns including depression, anxiety, relationship issues, parenting problems, career challenges, trauma, abuse, and difficulties adjusting to life changes. I also helped many people who have been living with a family member who is chemically dependent.
(646) 681-2954 View (646) 681-2954
Photo of Hannah Rogawski, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Hannah Rogawski
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, RYT
Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10028
I believe that therapy is both an art and a science, and that every individual is unique. I find that people often come to therapy with the hope of eliminating painful emotions, and with the belief that they cannot tolerate negative feelings. While I understand the desire to escape overwhelming emotions, my goal is not to help my clients suppress their emotions, but rather to help them develop the skills to co-exist and thrive with them. I partner with clients to help them develop practical tools to manage emotions, to feel better, and to overcome barriers which prevent them from achieving their personal goals.
I believe that therapy is both an art and a science, and that every individual is unique. I find that people often come to therapy with the hope of eliminating painful emotions, and with the belief that they cannot tolerate negative feelings. While I understand the desire to escape overwhelming emotions, my goal is not to help my clients suppress their emotions, but rather to help them develop the skills to co-exist and thrive with them. I partner with clients to help them develop practical tools to manage emotions, to feel better, and to overcome barriers which prevent them from achieving their personal goals.
(332) 239-6420 View (332) 239-6420
Photo of Maureen Clancy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Maureen Clancy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
New York, NY 10011  (Online Only)
You're in the right place if you experienced trauma earlier in your life, and you're now going through a big change. Despite already trying talk therapy and to do it yourself, you still feel stuck in the some of the same patterns. Your body has specific reactions that you can't seem to control. You can't stop thinking about the past. You can feel like the world is too much. What's more, you don't want anyone to know. All of this makes it hard to find help that actually works.
You're in the right place if you experienced trauma earlier in your life, and you're now going through a big change. Despite already trying talk therapy and to do it yourself, you still feel stuck in the some of the same patterns. Your body has specific reactions that you can't seem to control. You can't stop thinking about the past. You can feel like the world is too much. What's more, you don't want anyone to know. All of this makes it hard to find help that actually works.
(914) 252-3954 View (914) 252-3954
Lillian Ferrari
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MA
Verified
New York, NY 10016
Psychotherapist and Psychoanalyst in private practice in New York City. Clinical experience of more than 20 years helping patients with a variety of symptoms and relational issues. Fluent in both Spanish and English.
Psychotherapist and Psychoanalyst in private practice in New York City. Clinical experience of more than 20 years helping patients with a variety of symptoms and relational issues. Fluent in both Spanish and English.
(646) 600-8253 View (646) 600-8253
Photo of Timothy Lee - Sex Addiction Therapy in New York, NY
Timothy Lee - Sex Addiction Therapy
LCSW, CSAT
Verified
New York, NY 10001
Timothy Lee, Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW), Licensed Therapist, and Certified Sexual Addiction Therapist, (CSAT), has 15 years experience in the treatment of sexual addiction and helping individuals, couples and families find recovery. As Founder and Director at New York Pathways, Timothy developed the addiction treatment model based upon training with Patrick Carnes, Ph.D, Doug Weiss, Ph.D, and the addiction treatment model utilized at Hazeldon Betty Ford. Timothy brings a highly personal and compassionate attitude to his work, and facilitates a safe and confidential environment where you can heal.
Timothy Lee, Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW), Licensed Therapist, and Certified Sexual Addiction Therapist, (CSAT), has 15 years experience in the treatment of sexual addiction and helping individuals, couples and families find recovery. As Founder and Director at New York Pathways, Timothy developed the addiction treatment model based upon training with Patrick Carnes, Ph.D, Doug Weiss, Ph.D, and the addiction treatment model utilized at Hazeldon Betty Ford. Timothy brings a highly personal and compassionate attitude to his work, and facilitates a safe and confidential environment where you can heal.
(646) 679-5850 View (646) 679-5850
Photo of Shira Zaguri, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Shira Zaguri
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
3 Endorsed
New York, NY 10007  (Online Only)
Perhaps you are feeling that something isn't right. You are confused, anxious, sad or you are just going through a rough transition. We can work together to identify and work through the problem. I use close empathetic listening to help you understand what is going on. Therapy begins when we can be attuned to ourselves and understand the past while changing our world to move forward.
Perhaps you are feeling that something isn't right. You are confused, anxious, sad or you are just going through a rough transition. We can work together to identify and work through the problem. I use close empathetic listening to help you understand what is going on. Therapy begins when we can be attuned to ourselves and understand the past while changing our world to move forward.
(917) 983-5102 View (917) 983-5102
Photo of Karen Campbell-Psychotherapy And Hypnotherapy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Karen Campbell-Psychotherapy And Hypnotherapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified
New York, NY 10011  (Online Only)
Are you feeling more anxious than usual, do you have patterns of negative thoughts, feeldepressed, lonely, lacking support or maybe having trouble sleeping? Are you finding that you are repeating the same patterns in relationships and wondering why things don't work out? Having a safe, confidential space to share your concerns, strategize and make successful changes is very important and psychotherapy can help. I provide services including teletherapy and telephone options so you can be in the comfort of your home and receive therapy. Please call for a free 15 minute consultation and let's discuss how I can be helpful to you.
Are you feeling more anxious than usual, do you have patterns of negative thoughts, feeldepressed, lonely, lacking support or maybe having trouble sleeping? Are you finding that you are repeating the same patterns in relationships and wondering why things don't work out? Having a safe, confidential space to share your concerns, strategize and make successful changes is very important and psychotherapy can help. I provide services including teletherapy and telephone options so you can be in the comfort of your home and receive therapy. Please call for a free 15 minute consultation and let's discuss how I can be helpful to you.
(646) 583-3448 View (646) 583-3448
Photo of Michal Meyer, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Michal Meyer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW
Verified
New York, NY 10025  (Online Only)
Being a young adult is difficult, complicated, and overwhelming. This period of transition can materialize into self-doubt, extreme anxiety, and being harder on yourself than is helpful. Maybe it all feels like too damn much sometimes. Life may be hard, but it shouldn’t feel impossible. Let’s talk so you can feel equipped to face life through uncertainty, vulnerability, and challenge. Investing in your emotional well-being will help you feel more capable and at ease. I integrate a psychodynamic approach with CBT and other techniques to help you understand yourself more fully so you can grow and find laughter along the way.
Being a young adult is difficult, complicated, and overwhelming. This period of transition can materialize into self-doubt, extreme anxiety, and being harder on yourself than is helpful. Maybe it all feels like too damn much sometimes. Life may be hard, but it shouldn’t feel impossible. Let’s talk so you can feel equipped to face life through uncertainty, vulnerability, and challenge. Investing in your emotional well-being will help you feel more capable and at ease. I integrate a psychodynamic approach with CBT and other techniques to help you understand yourself more fully so you can grow and find laughter along the way.
(607) 536-4584 View (607) 536-4584
Photo of Alison Carper, Psychologist in New York, NY
Alison Carper
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
New York, NY 10012
In a society that teaches us that we have an array of choices, why do we feel so constrained? In a culture that encourages us to follow our passions, why do we feel our hands are tied? And in a city that celebrates a multiplicity of voices, why is it so hard to find our own? It is the invisible fetters - those hidden inside us - that often restrict us most. The goal of psychotherapy, as I practice it, is to free ourselves of these restraints.
In a society that teaches us that we have an array of choices, why do we feel so constrained? In a culture that encourages us to follow our passions, why do we feel our hands are tied? And in a city that celebrates a multiplicity of voices, why is it so hard to find our own? It is the invisible fetters - those hidden inside us - that often restrict us most. The goal of psychotherapy, as I practice it, is to free ourselves of these restraints.
(646) 863-5313 View (646) 863-5313
Photo of Liz Morrison Therapy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Liz Morrison Therapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
10 Endorsed
New York, NY 10016
Therapists at Liz Morrison Therapy will help you to achieve your goals by providing you, your child, or your family with the highest quality mental health service. As specialists in children and families, our approach to helping you find results through psychotherapy is based on our experience working with children, adolescents, and adults in mental health facilities, schools, and private practice settings. Our challenging and direct, yet compassionate and considerate approach will allow you to reach your highest potential.
Therapists at Liz Morrison Therapy will help you to achieve your goals by providing you, your child, or your family with the highest quality mental health service. As specialists in children and families, our approach to helping you find results through psychotherapy is based on our experience working with children, adolescents, and adults in mental health facilities, schools, and private practice settings. Our challenging and direct, yet compassionate and considerate approach will allow you to reach your highest potential.
(347) 836-4014 View (347) 836-4014
Photo of Dr. Nikki Press, Psychologist in New York, NY
Dr. Nikki Press
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
8 Endorsed
New York, NY 10023
I'm a licensed clinical psychologist specializing in the treatment of anxiety, PTSD /trauma, stress, and relationship issues. Are you feeling anxious about the future or stuck in the past? Do you put on a 'calm and collected' front so that others don't see you struggle? Do worries keep you up at night? If you answered yes to any of these questions, then you've come to the right place. Often what keeps us stuck in distress are beliefs or old patterns of emotions. But amazing things can happen when we take a chance to try something new.
I'm a licensed clinical psychologist specializing in the treatment of anxiety, PTSD /trauma, stress, and relationship issues. Are you feeling anxious about the future or stuck in the past? Do you put on a 'calm and collected' front so that others don't see you struggle? Do worries keep you up at night? If you answered yes to any of these questions, then you've come to the right place. Often what keeps us stuck in distress are beliefs or old patterns of emotions. But amazing things can happen when we take a chance to try something new.
(347) 937-2365 View (347) 937-2365
Photo of Christine Fernandez - Peaceful Way Psychology, Psychologist in New York, NY
Christine Fernandez - Peaceful Way Psychology
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
3 Endorsed
New York, NY 10016
Ready to change your life? I am a Clinical Psychologist and a Life Coach. I combine the depth of psychology with the practicality of life coaching to help you meet your personal goals. I help people just like you to become more fulfilled and successful in personal relationships and careers, improve self confidence and mood, and decrease anxiety. The people I work with are successful in certain areas of their lives, but need some guidance in other areas. Depending on your needs, our work together can be short-term or ongoing.
Ready to change your life? I am a Clinical Psychologist and a Life Coach. I combine the depth of psychology with the practicality of life coaching to help you meet your personal goals. I help people just like you to become more fulfilled and successful in personal relationships and careers, improve self confidence and mood, and decrease anxiety. The people I work with are successful in certain areas of their lives, but need some guidance in other areas. Depending on your needs, our work together can be short-term or ongoing.
(212) 335-0511 View (212) 335-0511
Photo of Jillian McManus, Counselor in New York, NY
Jillian McManus
Counselor, MS, LMHC, NCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10011  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Everyone deserves a safe place to talk freely and express themselves. I am a Nationally Board Certified, Licensed Mental Health Counselor, working in the mental health field since 2013 and in private practice since 2018. I believe no two people have had the same experience, and should not be treated as such. Therapy is not "One Size Fits All". I assist people with anxiety, depression, substance use/abuse, social difficulties, transitional struggles, changes in life, and relationship development/maintenance. +For Safety+ If a missed call with no message is received, I will NOT identify mental health affiliation in a returned message.
Everyone deserves a safe place to talk freely and express themselves. I am a Nationally Board Certified, Licensed Mental Health Counselor, working in the mental health field since 2013 and in private practice since 2018. I believe no two people have had the same experience, and should not be treated as such. Therapy is not "One Size Fits All". I assist people with anxiety, depression, substance use/abuse, social difficulties, transitional struggles, changes in life, and relationship development/maintenance. +For Safety+ If a missed call with no message is received, I will NOT identify mental health affiliation in a returned message.
(646) 793-9711 View (646) 793-9711
Photo of Alexandra Tomback, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Alexandra Tomback
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
3 Endorsed
New York, NY 10024  (Online Only)
As a clinician at Grounded Therapy PLLC, it is my goal to encourage connection and healing by offering a safe space for life-changing conversations. I offer virtual group and individual therapy to adults around topics such as body image, sex, identity, mental health, family dynamics, attachment, intimacy, relationships, and more.
As a clinician at Grounded Therapy PLLC, it is my goal to encourage connection and healing by offering a safe space for life-changing conversations. I offer virtual group and individual therapy to adults around topics such as body image, sex, identity, mental health, family dynamics, attachment, intimacy, relationships, and more.
(929) 357-2212 View (929) 357-2212
Photo of Lisa Pasch, Psychologist in New York, NY
Lisa Pasch
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10020  (Online Only)
I am a clinical psychologist with specialty areas in working with adolescents, young adults and adults. I view the therapeutic process as us working as a team to create the change you are looking to make. I have trained in several different therapeutic modalities and will work with you to determine which one (or combinations) would likely be best for you. I'd love to help you or your loved one on the path of self-discovery and change. *** Please note that for the quickest response, please email rather than call - thank you. *** Teletherapy Only
I am a clinical psychologist with specialty areas in working with adolescents, young adults and adults. I view the therapeutic process as us working as a team to create the change you are looking to make. I have trained in several different therapeutic modalities and will work with you to determine which one (or combinations) would likely be best for you. I'd love to help you or your loved one on the path of self-discovery and change. *** Please note that for the quickest response, please email rather than call - thank you. *** Teletherapy Only
(646) 392-8077 View (646) 392-8077
Photo of Eleni Toumarides, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Eleni Toumarides
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW
Verified
3 Endorsed
New York, NY 10022
There are many things in life that can prevent us from moving forward and reaching our potential. My work focuses on your current struggles and finding ways to overcome them at your own pace in a safe environment. I believe that the client-therapist relationship is the most important element in this process. I look at each client as someone with unique needs and I will utilize whatever approach will be most effective and in your best interest.
There are many things in life that can prevent us from moving forward and reaching our potential. My work focuses on your current struggles and finding ways to overcome them at your own pace in a safe environment. I believe that the client-therapist relationship is the most important element in this process. I look at each client as someone with unique needs and I will utilize whatever approach will be most effective and in your best interest.
(646) 553-6346 View (646) 553-6346
Photo of Jason Duncan, Psychologist in New York, NY
Jason Duncan
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
New York, NY 10006
I am a psychologist providing therapy and assessment services for children through adults. I have extensive clinical experience and am an expert Cognitive Behavioral Therapist. I’ve been trained by top therapy institutes, am a board member for well accomplished CBT organizations, and run the official podcast for the national CBT organization. I strive to regularly advance my knowledge and provide leading scientific treatments. I specialize in the treatment of anxiety, depression, panic, OCD, trauma, stress, insomnia, ADHD, defiance, and work/school issues. Many of my clients lead busy lives; therefore, I offer evening appointments.
I am a psychologist providing therapy and assessment services for children through adults. I have extensive clinical experience and am an expert Cognitive Behavioral Therapist. I’ve been trained by top therapy institutes, am a board member for well accomplished CBT organizations, and run the official podcast for the national CBT organization. I strive to regularly advance my knowledge and provide leading scientific treatments. I specialize in the treatment of anxiety, depression, panic, OCD, trauma, stress, insomnia, ADHD, defiance, and work/school issues. Many of my clients lead busy lives; therefore, I offer evening appointments.
View
Photo of Marnie Halpert, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Marnie Halpert
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified
2 Endorsed
New York, NY 10028
Not accepting new clients
Has your confidence been shaken recently? Are you trying to move forward, yet feel uncertain about making a change? Maybe you are feeling sad or overwhelmed? Psychotherapy can be a very powerful tool to achieve growth, healing and insight towards a more satisfying and authentic life. The essential ingredient for a positive therapeutic outcome is finding a therapist who is a good fit for you. You will find me to be warm and direct. I will create a safe space for you to speak freely, so that we can develop a plan together that works for you.
Has your confidence been shaken recently? Are you trying to move forward, yet feel uncertain about making a change? Maybe you are feeling sad or overwhelmed? Psychotherapy can be a very powerful tool to achieve growth, healing and insight towards a more satisfying and authentic life. The essential ingredient for a positive therapeutic outcome is finding a therapist who is a good fit for you. You will find me to be warm and direct. I will create a safe space for you to speak freely, so that we can develop a plan together that works for you.
(203) 318-4488 View (203) 318-4488

See more therapy options for New York

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in New York, NY

3,000+

Average cost per session

$200

Therapists in New York, NY who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
90% Depression
85% Relationship Issues
78% Self Esteem
67% Trauma and PTSD
66% Stress
64% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

78% Aetna
62% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
59% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in New York, NY see their clients

59% In Person and Online
41% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
21% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in New York?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.