Therapists in New York, NY

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Photo of Bryan Stuart, Psychologist in New York, NY
Bryan Stuart
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
New York, NY 10012
With over 20 years of experience helping patients explore issues related to relationships, family, parenting, and career, my goal is to engage in a way that allows for lasting changes. We all get stuck, and at times experience feelings of depression, self-doubt, or anxiety. I work to help you understand the sources of those feelings, and to transform these insights into action.
With over 20 years of experience helping patients explore issues related to relationships, family, parenting, and career, my goal is to engage in a way that allows for lasting changes. We all get stuck, and at times experience feelings of depression, self-doubt, or anxiety. I work to help you understand the sources of those feelings, and to transform these insights into action.
(347) 946-6003 View (347) 946-6003
Photo of Michael Corning, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Michael Corning
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
New York, NY 10019  (Online Only)
Feeling stuck or disconnected can be a challenging and isolating experience, but you don't have to navigate it alone. Together, we can explore your feelings and find ways for you to move through the challenges you are facing. My work is primarily focused on the LGBTQIA+ community and addressing the unique obstacles that our community faces. Some examples include coming out, transitioning, gender identity and dysphoria, support for Hormone Replacement Therapy and gender-affirming care, relationship issues, anxiety, depression, and self-esteem struggles.
Feeling stuck or disconnected can be a challenging and isolating experience, but you don't have to navigate it alone. Together, we can explore your feelings and find ways for you to move through the challenges you are facing. My work is primarily focused on the LGBTQIA+ community and addressing the unique obstacles that our community faces. Some examples include coming out, transitioning, gender identity and dysphoria, support for Hormone Replacement Therapy and gender-affirming care, relationship issues, anxiety, depression, and self-esteem struggles.
(646) 397-9865 View (646) 397-9865
Photo of Sinead Cowins, Limited Licensed Psychologist in New York, NY
Sinead Cowins
Limited Licensed Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10037
While I love my work with all human experiences, I have specific insight and interest in working with members of the Muslim community. I provide individual and couples therapy and have special sensitivity to the culture, dynamics and nuances of an Islamic lifestyle in Western society. I work with clients who are dealing with anxiety, depression, relationship problems, intimacy challenges and navigating the professional world. In addition, I have special insight into intersectionality and what it means to have multiple identities. I work with clients who seek to incorporate and process their experience as an intersectional person.
While I love my work with all human experiences, I have specific insight and interest in working with members of the Muslim community. I provide individual and couples therapy and have special sensitivity to the culture, dynamics and nuances of an Islamic lifestyle in Western society. I work with clients who are dealing with anxiety, depression, relationship problems, intimacy challenges and navigating the professional world. In addition, I have special insight into intersectionality and what it means to have multiple identities. I work with clients who seek to incorporate and process their experience as an intersectional person.
(718) 808-8323 View (718) 808-8323
Photo of Michael Braverman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Michael Braverman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10016
I am skilled at helping people navigate a variety of challenges. Anxiety is my specialty. Whether it’s a constant background feeling, social anxiety, or a sense of being an “imposter,” who will inevitably be discovered, I can help you. I also work with people struggling with life transitions and those who struggle with depression. No matter what challenges you are facing, the big picture is always composed of many little components. We’ll tackle those one by one, until the big picture looks very different from where it started.
I am skilled at helping people navigate a variety of challenges. Anxiety is my specialty. Whether it’s a constant background feeling, social anxiety, or a sense of being an “imposter,” who will inevitably be discovered, I can help you. I also work with people struggling with life transitions and those who struggle with depression. No matter what challenges you are facing, the big picture is always composed of many little components. We’ll tackle those one by one, until the big picture looks very different from where it started.
(347) 394-5347 View (347) 394-5347
Photo of Karina Eugenio Vargas, Counselor in New York, NY
Karina Eugenio Vargas
Counselor, LMHC
Verified
New York, NY 10005
Karina Eugenio Vargas, LMHC, LP received a Master of Science in Education and Clinical Mental Health Counseling from St. John’s University of New York. She has completed training at Yale’s Child Study Center specializing in Child and Adult abuse and has worked in community mental health and outpatient based settings. For the past 5 years, Karina has dedicated her career to trauma-informed care, specifically using CBT. She has experience working with children, adolescents and adults treating anxiety, depression, family and relationship issues and other mental health issues.
Karina Eugenio Vargas, LMHC, LP received a Master of Science in Education and Clinical Mental Health Counseling from St. John’s University of New York. She has completed training at Yale’s Child Study Center specializing in Child and Adult abuse and has worked in community mental health and outpatient based settings. For the past 5 years, Karina has dedicated her career to trauma-informed care, specifically using CBT. She has experience working with children, adolescents and adults treating anxiety, depression, family and relationship issues and other mental health issues.
(929) 297-8284 View (929) 297-8284
Photo of Jessica Lora, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Jessica Lora
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified
New York, NY 10011
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker practicing in New York City and Greenwich, CT, with a deep rooted passion for empowering individuals through the art and practice of psychotherapy. I have extensive specialized training in Eating Disorders, Body Image Issues and Women's Health and use a Body Positive, Anti-Diet, HAES philosophy but work with clients on a variety of different clinical concerns/behaviors. My therapeutic approach as a psychotherapist is first and foremost client-centered, working with individuals specifically on establishing goals to assist them improve their overall quality of life.
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker practicing in New York City and Greenwich, CT, with a deep rooted passion for empowering individuals through the art and practice of psychotherapy. I have extensive specialized training in Eating Disorders, Body Image Issues and Women's Health and use a Body Positive, Anti-Diet, HAES philosophy but work with clients on a variety of different clinical concerns/behaviors. My therapeutic approach as a psychotherapist is first and foremost client-centered, working with individuals specifically on establishing goals to assist them improve their overall quality of life.
(646) 783-1121 View (646) 783-1121
Photo of Jerry S Katz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Jerry S Katz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
New York, NY 10016
Individual Psychotherapy; IMAGO Relationship Therapy; Out-of-Control Sexual Behavior. I have worked with people Individually for many years, but have also found that IMAGO Relationship work helpful with couples. Working with individuals led me to also work with couples - where personal issues become magnified. More recently began working with people who have sexual problems (Out-of-Control Sexual Behavior).
Individual Psychotherapy; IMAGO Relationship Therapy; Out-of-Control Sexual Behavior. I have worked with people Individually for many years, but have also found that IMAGO Relationship work helpful with couples. Working with individuals led me to also work with couples - where personal issues become magnified. More recently began working with people who have sexual problems (Out-of-Control Sexual Behavior).
(917) 791-1067 View (917) 791-1067
Photo of Herb Bardavid, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Herb Bardavid
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, BCD
Verified
New York, NY 10023  (Online Only)
Herb has been in practice for over 45 years, working with individuals and couples, and families. He trained with Gerda Schulman at Family Services Association of Long Island. - He has been the director of Social Work at Central General Hospital for 10 years. I am still accepting new clients and am offering phone and video sessions via Zoom or Skype for clients who are distancing or quarantined.
Herb has been in practice for over 45 years, working with individuals and couples, and families. He trained with Gerda Schulman at Family Services Association of Long Island. - He has been the director of Social Work at Central General Hospital for 10 years. I am still accepting new clients and am offering phone and video sessions via Zoom or Skype for clients who are distancing or quarantined.
(516) 324-4229 View (516) 324-4229
Photo of Ruthie Elizabeth Israeli, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Ruthie Elizabeth Israeli
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
New York, NY 10010  (Online Only)
Come in and relax and let's work on your issues together. I work in a collaborative manner that encourages you as the client to work hard towards your goals. I am available to work with individuals, although I specialize in couple and family work. My background includes working with individuals around issues related to anxiety and depression, to couples struggling with infidelity, sexual dysfunction, to adult families processing a transition. If you are an individual looking to begin your own personal process- Kudos!
Come in and relax and let's work on your issues together. I work in a collaborative manner that encourages you as the client to work hard towards your goals. I am available to work with individuals, although I specialize in couple and family work. My background includes working with individuals around issues related to anxiety and depression, to couples struggling with infidelity, sexual dysfunction, to adult families processing a transition. If you are an individual looking to begin your own personal process- Kudos!
(332) 239-1914 View (332) 239-1914
Photo of Seonmee Lee, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Seonmee Lee
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
New York, NY 10011  (Online Only)
Therapy is a gift you can give yourself! Life can get challenging. Sometimes you feel alone, and overwhelmed. Good news is that you don't have to do life alone. Everyone can use a safe space to explore your feelings and thoughts, your inner workings, to help navigate the complexities of life.
Therapy is a gift you can give yourself! Life can get challenging. Sometimes you feel alone, and overwhelmed. Good news is that you don't have to do life alone. Everyone can use a safe space to explore your feelings and thoughts, your inner workings, to help navigate the complexities of life.
(646) 217-4695 x100 View (646) 217-4695 x100
Photo of Amanda Anger, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Amanda Anger
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10023
Sharing yourself with someone new takes vulnerability and bravery. Sharing your relationship struggles with someone new can be intimidating as well. As a trauma-focused individual and relationship therapist, I aim to make the experience as comfortable as possible for you. I believe that we are all deserving of compassion, respect, and generosity. My clients have diverse lived experiences and backgrounds. As such, I approach my practice with an intersectional perspective, ensuring your therapeutic experience is individually tailored to your needs.
Sharing yourself with someone new takes vulnerability and bravery. Sharing your relationship struggles with someone new can be intimidating as well. As a trauma-focused individual and relationship therapist, I aim to make the experience as comfortable as possible for you. I believe that we are all deserving of compassion, respect, and generosity. My clients have diverse lived experiences and backgrounds. As such, I approach my practice with an intersectional perspective, ensuring your therapeutic experience is individually tailored to your needs.
(347) 289-7780 View (347) 289-7780
Photo of Alyssa Nejmeh, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Alyssa Nejmeh
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MSW, SIFI
Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10038
Life is not easy and an outlet can make all the difference in creating a better version of yourself. There is no shame in looking inwards and seeing what your fears or sorrows are. I take pride in providing a safe space where one can open up and talk about their feelings and life experiences. "If you are depressed you are living in the past. If you are anxious you are living in the future. If you are at peace you are living in the present -Lao Tzu"
Life is not easy and an outlet can make all the difference in creating a better version of yourself. There is no shame in looking inwards and seeing what your fears or sorrows are. I take pride in providing a safe space where one can open up and talk about their feelings and life experiences. "If you are depressed you are living in the past. If you are anxious you are living in the future. If you are at peace you are living in the present -Lao Tzu"
(929) 284-2064 View (929) 284-2064
Photo of Tricia Philbert, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Tricia Philbert
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
New York, NY 10023
Hi, my name is Tricia Philbert and I am a Licensed Clinical Therapist (LCSW) and Empowerment Coach. I am passionate about journeying with clients into an authentic and empowered life in spite of experiences, trauma, and negative self-thought. There is a better version of you, let's find it together! My mission in life is to see young women and adult women become the best version of themselves. I specialize in trauma-related issues that result in low self-worth, anxiety, depression, suicidal ideation, identity crisis, etc. I do this work filled with enthusiasm and grace.
Hi, my name is Tricia Philbert and I am a Licensed Clinical Therapist (LCSW) and Empowerment Coach. I am passionate about journeying with clients into an authentic and empowered life in spite of experiences, trauma, and negative self-thought. There is a better version of you, let's find it together! My mission in life is to see young women and adult women become the best version of themselves. I specialize in trauma-related issues that result in low self-worth, anxiety, depression, suicidal ideation, identity crisis, etc. I do this work filled with enthusiasm and grace.
(914) 268-6886 View (914) 268-6886
Photo of Mona Lee Yousef, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Mona Lee Yousef
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW NY, LCSW NJ, CASAC, CCDC, MAC
Verified
New York, NY 10120
I am a dedicated, perceptive and highly competent clinician with 32 years experience. Certified in Psychoanalysis and Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy, I also hold multiple certifications in addictions treatment and have taught in the areas of addiction, HIV/AIDS and personality disorders. I have worked intensively and extensively with those struggling with (and/or recovering from) all forms of addictive disorders: alcohol/drugs, sexual compulsion, eating disorders, gambling. I am also strongly experienced in -- and sensitive to -- issues of grief, trauma, identity, illness as well as interpersonal, attachment and sexual difficulties.
I am a dedicated, perceptive and highly competent clinician with 32 years experience. Certified in Psychoanalysis and Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy, I also hold multiple certifications in addictions treatment and have taught in the areas of addiction, HIV/AIDS and personality disorders. I have worked intensively and extensively with those struggling with (and/or recovering from) all forms of addictive disorders: alcohol/drugs, sexual compulsion, eating disorders, gambling. I am also strongly experienced in -- and sensitive to -- issues of grief, trauma, identity, illness as well as interpersonal, attachment and sexual difficulties.
(718) 748-7484 View (718) 748-7484
Photo of Jeffrey Cox, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Jeffrey Cox
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
New York, NY 10001  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
A sense of emotional and psychological safety is necessary for living a productive, fulfilling life. For many, sharing their emotions openly with family and friends can be difficult. A somatic therapeutic approach to reduce the daily effects of stress can help us better understand ourselves and navigate the many complex facets of interpersonal relationships. As a practicing psychotherapist for over 28 years, I can help create a safe and supportive environment for these important conversations.
A sense of emotional and psychological safety is necessary for living a productive, fulfilling life. For many, sharing their emotions openly with family and friends can be difficult. A somatic therapeutic approach to reduce the daily effects of stress can help us better understand ourselves and navigate the many complex facets of interpersonal relationships. As a practicing psychotherapist for over 28 years, I can help create a safe and supportive environment for these important conversations.
(917) 745-3884 View (917) 745-3884
Photo of Stefanie Robison, Counselor in New York, NY
Stefanie Robison
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified
4 Endorsed
New York, NY 10003
Life can be overwhelming. It is easy to get stuck in a cycle of anxiety, hopelessness, frustration and/or sadness making your days that much harder. Talking can help you feel in control and allow you to believe in yourself once again. My job is to help you find your inner strength and foster your self-esteem in areas where it may have been lost. I believe that through understanding and compassion, I can help you find those problematic emotions that can wreak havoc in a world that is already filled with chaos.
Life can be overwhelming. It is easy to get stuck in a cycle of anxiety, hopelessness, frustration and/or sadness making your days that much harder. Talking can help you feel in control and allow you to believe in yourself once again. My job is to help you find your inner strength and foster your self-esteem in areas where it may have been lost. I believe that through understanding and compassion, I can help you find those problematic emotions that can wreak havoc in a world that is already filled with chaos.
(646) 759-4177 View (646) 759-4177
Photo of Chitra Raghavan, Psychologist in New York, NY
Chitra Raghavan
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
New York, NY 10019
I am a licensed clinical psychologist (10 years +) and my practice focuses on conducting empirically-informed forensic evaluations and trainings in threat assessment and all forms of interpersonal exploitation and violence victimization. I use an integrative approach drawing from best practices in current assessment research and utilizing trauma-informed clinical interviewing. My areas of expertise include sexual harassment and workplace violence, sexual assault, intimate partner violence, domestic violence, domestic homicides, and sex and labor trafficking. Issues I have evaluated include trauma and PTSD, violence risk, coercive controlling tactics, dissociation and memory issues, sexual grooming, trauma bonding and traumatic attachments.
I am a licensed clinical psychologist (10 years +) and my practice focuses on conducting empirically-informed forensic evaluations and trainings in threat assessment and all forms of interpersonal exploitation and violence victimization. I use an integrative approach drawing from best practices in current assessment research and utilizing trauma-informed clinical interviewing. My areas of expertise include sexual harassment and workplace violence, sexual assault, intimate partner violence, domestic violence, domestic homicides, and sex and labor trafficking. Issues I have evaluated include trauma and PTSD, violence risk, coercive controlling tactics, dissociation and memory issues, sexual grooming, trauma bonding and traumatic attachments.
(917) 456-8836 View (917) 456-8836
Photo of Nicole Dieterich Ruiz Diaz, Marriage & Family Therapist in New York, NY
Nicole Dieterich Ruiz Diaz
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
New York, NY 10018
I provide holistic, strength-based, trauma-informed and culturally competent therapy. I believe that the therapeutic relationship be built on trust, empathy, compassion and acceptance without judgment in order to create a safe space for clients to not only authentically connect with themselves and others, but to embody vulnerability. I utilize a systemic approach to look into inter-generational patterns within families and work from an emotionally focused therapeutic approach.
I provide holistic, strength-based, trauma-informed and culturally competent therapy. I believe that the therapeutic relationship be built on trust, empathy, compassion and acceptance without judgment in order to create a safe space for clients to not only authentically connect with themselves and others, but to embody vulnerability. I utilize a systemic approach to look into inter-generational patterns within families and work from an emotionally focused therapeutic approach.
(646) 956-2262 View (646) 956-2262
Photo of Miljana Sinik, Counselor in New York, NY
Miljana Sinik
Counselor, LMHC
Verified
New York, NY 10017  (Online Only)
I am a passionate and dedicated psychotherapist whose approach to therapy is eclectic, drawing from psychodynamic, CBT, solution-focused and mindfulness-based approaches. My style is warm, empathic, encouraging and always tailored to meet your individual needs. I firmly believe in everyone’s unique differences and motivate individuals to build upon their existing strengths, so that they can move forward towards healing and growth. Therapy is a powerful space, where you can examine and work through life stressors and deeply rooted patterns to create more fulfilling and meaningful life experiences.
I am a passionate and dedicated psychotherapist whose approach to therapy is eclectic, drawing from psychodynamic, CBT, solution-focused and mindfulness-based approaches. My style is warm, empathic, encouraging and always tailored to meet your individual needs. I firmly believe in everyone’s unique differences and motivate individuals to build upon their existing strengths, so that they can move forward towards healing and growth. Therapy is a powerful space, where you can examine and work through life stressors and deeply rooted patterns to create more fulfilling and meaningful life experiences.
(646) 956-5429 View (646) 956-5429
Photo of Tashi Ridley, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Tashi Ridley
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
New York, NY 10011  (Online Only)
I believe therapy can help individuals harness their strengths and improve coping around challenging feelings and experiences; such as a new cancer diagnosis, chronic illness, terminal illness, grief, anxiety, stress, caregiver issues, life transitions and relationship issues. At a time when you might feel disoriented, stuck or uncertain about how to move forward, I can work with you to explore any potential barriers and identify pathways for growth. To facilitate your navigation, I strive to create an environment that feels safe and free from judgment, where you can feel seen and heard.
I believe therapy can help individuals harness their strengths and improve coping around challenging feelings and experiences; such as a new cancer diagnosis, chronic illness, terminal illness, grief, anxiety, stress, caregiver issues, life transitions and relationship issues. At a time when you might feel disoriented, stuck or uncertain about how to move forward, I can work with you to explore any potential barriers and identify pathways for growth. To facilitate your navigation, I strive to create an environment that feels safe and free from judgment, where you can feel seen and heard.
(347) 970-8351 View (347) 970-8351

See more therapy options for New York

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in New York, NY

3,000+

Average cost per session

$200

Therapists in New York, NY who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
90% Depression
85% Relationship Issues
78% Self Esteem
67% Trauma and PTSD
66% Stress
63% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

78% Aetna
62% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
59% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in New York, NY see their clients

59% In Person and Online
41% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
21% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in New York?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.