Therapists in San Luis Obispo, CA

Photo of Klara E Pennachio, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Luis Obispo, CA
Klara E Pennachio
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Luis Obispo, CA 93401  (Online Only)
If you are feeling stressed and overwhelmed, anxious, depressed, or having a hard time managing emotions...if you are struggling with relationships, feeling lonely, or isolated - there is hope. Through our work together, you can learn to manage stress better, learn how to have healthy relationships and better communication, learn to understand and work through anxiety and depression, and to process and recover from traumatic experiences. As an EMDR trained therapist, I help individuals heal and grow and thrive - and am honored to take part in others’ journeys toward healing, clarity, and peace.
If you are feeling stressed and overwhelmed, anxious, depressed, or having a hard time managing emotions...if you are struggling with relationships, feeling lonely, or isolated - there is hope. Through our work together, you can learn to manage stress better, learn how to have healthy relationships and better communication, learn to understand and work through anxiety and depression, and to process and recover from traumatic experiences. As an EMDR trained therapist, I help individuals heal and grow and thrive - and am honored to take part in others’ journeys toward healing, clarity, and peace.
(805) 793-0594 View (805) 793-0594
Photo of Casey Roos, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Luis Obispo, CA
Casey Roos
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Luis Obispo, CA 93405
Hello and welcome to my profile! I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist with a passion to help individual and families navigate the challenges they face. I provide a safe and supportive environment for my clients to explore their emotions, build healthy relationships, and create positive change in their lives. I provide services in person and through Telehealth. For the past 14 years, I have worked in a specialized multidisciplinary clinic for families with children who have developmental and behavioral concerns, early trauma, sensory dysregulation, daycare and school challenges.
Hello and welcome to my profile! I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist with a passion to help individual and families navigate the challenges they face. I provide a safe and supportive environment for my clients to explore their emotions, build healthy relationships, and create positive change in their lives. I provide services in person and through Telehealth. For the past 14 years, I have worked in a specialized multidisciplinary clinic for families with children who have developmental and behavioral concerns, early trauma, sensory dysregulation, daycare and school challenges.
(805) 749-7123 View (805) 749-7123
Photo of Beverly Collier, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Luis Obispo, CA
Beverly Collier
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Luis Obispo, CA 93401
Beverly specializes in therapy for adults, couples, and parents working to improve relationships with adult children. A dedicated therapist motivated to help clients reach their full potential, over two decades of experience inform Beverly's compassionate approach to therapy. Her background includes work across Social Services, Child Welfare, Mental Health, private practice, mediation and a non-profit human services agency.
Beverly specializes in therapy for adults, couples, and parents working to improve relationships with adult children. A dedicated therapist motivated to help clients reach their full potential, over two decades of experience inform Beverly's compassionate approach to therapy. Her background includes work across Social Services, Child Welfare, Mental Health, private practice, mediation and a non-profit human services agency.
(805) 696-6152 View (805) 696-6152
Photo of Serena Andrews, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in San Luis Obispo, CA
Serena Andrews
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Luis Obispo, CA 93401
As a therapist, I help people in the San Luis Obispo community navigate life changes and find balance, emotional health and mental well-being. Whether you’re facing a recent shift, past trauma, grief or loss, my goal is to provide a supportive environment for exploration and emotional healing. Additionally, I strive to build healthy relationships with my clients and equip them with self-care resources that can provide support during therapy and beyond. Therapy can offer both immediate and long-lasting results. I am also available to offer therapy to anyone in the state of California through confidential tele-therapy.
As a therapist, I help people in the San Luis Obispo community navigate life changes and find balance, emotional health and mental well-being. Whether you’re facing a recent shift, past trauma, grief or loss, my goal is to provide a supportive environment for exploration and emotional healing. Additionally, I strive to build healthy relationships with my clients and equip them with self-care resources that can provide support during therapy and beyond. Therapy can offer both immediate and long-lasting results. I am also available to offer therapy to anyone in the state of California through confidential tele-therapy.
(805) 316-7412 View (805) 316-7412
Photo of The Art of Healing, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Luis Obispo, CA
The Art of Healing
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, ATR-BC
Verified Verified
San Luis Obispo, CA 93405
With specialties in addiction and dual diagnosis; including depression, anxiety and trauma history, I take an integrated, holistic approach to care. The therapeutic relationship is one in which optimum healing is, as a result of the reciprocal bond, between the therapist and the client. One can only be open to the experience of change and improvement in their life if they feel safe. This is the therapy space that I provide in order to help shape authentic, loving and accurate self-awareness. I provide nurturance, guidance, affirmation and compassionate reflection in order to help clients feel grounded in their own decision-making.
With specialties in addiction and dual diagnosis; including depression, anxiety and trauma history, I take an integrated, holistic approach to care. The therapeutic relationship is one in which optimum healing is, as a result of the reciprocal bond, between the therapist and the client. One can only be open to the experience of change and improvement in their life if they feel safe. This is the therapy space that I provide in order to help shape authentic, loving and accurate self-awareness. I provide nurturance, guidance, affirmation and compassionate reflection in order to help clients feel grounded in their own decision-making.
(714) 978-4660 View (714) 978-4660
Photo of Lindsey Levenson, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Luis Obispo, CA
Lindsey Levenson
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Luis Obispo, CA 93401
We all go through things in our lives that are difficult. I believe that it is through these struggles that we have the opportunity to grow. If you're finding yourself feeling stuck, overwhelmed, or you're not able to function like you'd like to, it may be time to seek the support of a therapist. Oftentimes connecting with another person to help guide you can be the changing factor in transitioning from struggle to growth.
We all go through things in our lives that are difficult. I believe that it is through these struggles that we have the opportunity to grow. If you're finding yourself feeling stuck, overwhelmed, or you're not able to function like you'd like to, it may be time to seek the support of a therapist. Oftentimes connecting with another person to help guide you can be the changing factor in transitioning from struggle to growth.
(805) 870-9641 View (805) 870-9641
Photo of Caroline Cerussi, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in San Luis Obispo, CA
Caroline Cerussi
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
San Luis Obispo, CA 93401
Let’s be real, change is hard! But staying stuck in a cycle of pain and overthinking is harder. Are you feeling ready to cut through the noise and get to the heart of the matter? If you're someone who's been analyzing, overthinking, constantly wanting to feel better but struggling to know where to start, I'm here to help. I believe analysis and awareness is an important step, but we can’t always out-think our problems or solely focus on the source of the issue. I'm about action, results, and helping you move forward in a safe space. I'll combine empathy with a push to uncover your blind spots so you can make positive change.
Let’s be real, change is hard! But staying stuck in a cycle of pain and overthinking is harder. Are you feeling ready to cut through the noise and get to the heart of the matter? If you're someone who's been analyzing, overthinking, constantly wanting to feel better but struggling to know where to start, I'm here to help. I believe analysis and awareness is an important step, but we can’t always out-think our problems or solely focus on the source of the issue. I'm about action, results, and helping you move forward in a safe space. I'll combine empathy with a push to uncover your blind spots so you can make positive change.
(805) 723-3076 View (805) 723-3076
Photo of Josie Traub, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Luis Obispo, CA
Josie Traub
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Luis Obispo, CA 93401
Often times there are aspects of ourselves that we ignore, or push away to avoid experiencing pain or emotions that can feel unbearable. Pushing away parts of ourselves has an impact on our ability to connect with who we are as a whole person. My approach in therapy involves looking at all of these parts within our physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual zones and examining the way they interact with one another. I work in partnership with my clients to support them in discovering their unique path, what's important to them and the ability to access their truest self.
Often times there are aspects of ourselves that we ignore, or push away to avoid experiencing pain or emotions that can feel unbearable. Pushing away parts of ourselves has an impact on our ability to connect with who we are as a whole person. My approach in therapy involves looking at all of these parts within our physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual zones and examining the way they interact with one another. I work in partnership with my clients to support them in discovering their unique path, what's important to them and the ability to access their truest self.
(805) 900-4201 View (805) 900-4201
Photo of Sarah Case, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in San Luis Obispo, CA
Sarah Case
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
San Luis Obispo, CA 93401
Are you feeling like you are at a crossroads in life? Going through a big life transition? Struggling with depression or anxiety? Desiring to experience better communication and connection with your partner? I provide a safe container for you to explore your inner life. In my work as a therapist I practice primarily from a depth somatic psychotherapy approach. A somatic approach is about using the your awareness of your present moment lived experience. I use a psychodynamic and somatic methodology incorporating aspects of mindfulness, breath awareness, and expressive arts therapy.
Are you feeling like you are at a crossroads in life? Going through a big life transition? Struggling with depression or anxiety? Desiring to experience better communication and connection with your partner? I provide a safe container for you to explore your inner life. In my work as a therapist I practice primarily from a depth somatic psychotherapy approach. A somatic approach is about using the your awareness of your present moment lived experience. I use a psychodynamic and somatic methodology incorporating aspects of mindfulness, breath awareness, and expressive arts therapy.
(805) 491-9787 View (805) 491-9787
Photo of Angela Bothwell, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in San Luis Obispo, CA
Angela Bothwell
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
San Luis Obispo, CA 93401
From the outside your life seems to be thriving, but internally you've been struggling. You may be carrying the burden of stress, relational conflicts, trauma, or difficult emotions. For too long, you’ve pushed forward without meaningful support. You may have put other’s needs above your own, but you are now ready to take care of yourself, address your relationships, set healthy boundaries, and break the people-pleasing patterns that have kept you stuck. If you’re ready to quiet the inner critic, communicate authentically, experience new possibilities, cultivate more peace of mind, and move into desired growth & change, I can help.
From the outside your life seems to be thriving, but internally you've been struggling. You may be carrying the burden of stress, relational conflicts, trauma, or difficult emotions. For too long, you’ve pushed forward without meaningful support. You may have put other’s needs above your own, but you are now ready to take care of yourself, address your relationships, set healthy boundaries, and break the people-pleasing patterns that have kept you stuck. If you’re ready to quiet the inner critic, communicate authentically, experience new possibilities, cultivate more peace of mind, and move into desired growth & change, I can help.
(805) 977-6673 View (805) 977-6673
Photo of Karen McGuffey, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Luis Obispo, CA
Karen McGuffey
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Luis Obispo, CA 93405  (Online Only)
Are you seeking a safe therapeutic environment where you can resolve issues, deal with internal emotional conflicts, heal and move forward in life. In my practice, I provide my clients with real help and real hope so they can recover and discover the person they were meant to be.
Are you seeking a safe therapeutic environment where you can resolve issues, deal with internal emotional conflicts, heal and move forward in life. In my practice, I provide my clients with real help and real hope so they can recover and discover the person they were meant to be.
(805) 549-4090 View (805) 549-4090
Photo of Heidi Vance, Pre-Licensed Professional in San Luis Obispo, CA
Heidi Vance
Pre-Licensed Professional, MSW, ACSW
Verified Verified
San Luis Obispo, CA 93401
Waitlist for new clients
There are challenges common to many of us throughout our lives: grief, pain, sadness, anxiety, betrayal, trauma, loneliness, disconnection, questions of faith, issues of identity, etc. Grappling with such issues is normal, and our responses to them usually make sense within the context of our circumstances. Since we are hardwired for connection, it is natural to enlist the help of another human to walk with us through these experiences. It is my goal to help you deepen your understanding of and connection to yourself and others in the process.
There are challenges common to many of us throughout our lives: grief, pain, sadness, anxiety, betrayal, trauma, loneliness, disconnection, questions of faith, issues of identity, etc. Grappling with such issues is normal, and our responses to them usually make sense within the context of our circumstances. Since we are hardwired for connection, it is natural to enlist the help of another human to walk with us through these experiences. It is my goal to help you deepen your understanding of and connection to yourself and others in the process.
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Photo of Jennifer Kalusa, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Luis Obispo, CA
Jennifer Kalusa
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Luis Obispo, CA 93405
My name is Jen Kalusa, I'm an LMFT, and I specialize in working with adults looking for support in navigating traumatic experiences, relationships, self-discovery, and complex emotions. I believe each person has within them what they need to heal and to have emotional health and healthy relationships. I use a trauma-informed approach and am trained in EMDR, Flash technique, and havening to support individuals who are stuck because of a past trauma. I use parts work and Emotionally Focused Therapy for individuals to help them heal and move toward experiencing secure, meaningful connection.
My name is Jen Kalusa, I'm an LMFT, and I specialize in working with adults looking for support in navigating traumatic experiences, relationships, self-discovery, and complex emotions. I believe each person has within them what they need to heal and to have emotional health and healthy relationships. I use a trauma-informed approach and am trained in EMDR, Flash technique, and havening to support individuals who are stuck because of a past trauma. I use parts work and Emotionally Focused Therapy for individuals to help them heal and move toward experiencing secure, meaningful connection.
(805) 429-6223 View (805) 429-6223
Photo of Thais (Guimaraes) Sky, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Luis Obispo, CA
Thais (Guimaraes) Sky
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
San Luis Obispo, CA 93405
We often find ourselves considering psychotherapy when the things we are doing doesn't seem to be working. Maybe you have read the books, listened to the podcasts, watched youtube videos, and yet something just keeps getting in the way. Or maybe things are just feeling stuck. Whether you are struggling with self-worth, an eating disorder, complex trauma, or you want to deepen your understanding of yourself and create more meaningful relationships, therapy can help.
We often find ourselves considering psychotherapy when the things we are doing doesn't seem to be working. Maybe you have read the books, listened to the podcasts, watched youtube videos, and yet something just keeps getting in the way. Or maybe things are just feeling stuck. Whether you are struggling with self-worth, an eating disorder, complex trauma, or you want to deepen your understanding of yourself and create more meaningful relationships, therapy can help.
(424) 401-2961 View (424) 401-2961
Photo of Shelly Staley, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Luis Obispo, CA
Shelly Staley
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
San Luis Obispo, CA 93401  (Online Only)
I want to help you find relief from the noise in your head. Your anxiety, depression and/or trauma is an integral part of your story, but doesn’t define you and doesn't need to control your life any more. Together, we will highlight your innate resiliencies and empower you to build up your inner strength and confidence to live your life in the present, while honoring your past and feeling hopeful about the future.
I want to help you find relief from the noise in your head. Your anxiety, depression and/or trauma is an integral part of your story, but doesn’t define you and doesn't need to control your life any more. Together, we will highlight your innate resiliencies and empower you to build up your inner strength and confidence to live your life in the present, while honoring your past and feeling hopeful about the future.
(805) 429-4522 View (805) 429-4522
Photo of Leslie Ellen Bullock, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Luis Obispo, CA
Leslie Ellen Bullock
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, TCTSY-F
Verified Verified
San Luis Obispo, CA 93401
I offer therapy for adults 18 years old and over in safe, non-judgmental and empathic relationship. I can help you heal from childhood or more recent trauma, and help reduce trauma's disturbing, intrusive, relational and long lasting effects. I can also work with you to help manage anxiety, depression, stress, attachment and relationship issues, abandonment fears, or grief and loss. My approach is holistic and mind / body oriented. I combine traditional talk therapy with mindfulness and embodiment based practices. I consider it a privilege to be entrusted with working with people in this vital, vulnerable and healing way.
I offer therapy for adults 18 years old and over in safe, non-judgmental and empathic relationship. I can help you heal from childhood or more recent trauma, and help reduce trauma's disturbing, intrusive, relational and long lasting effects. I can also work with you to help manage anxiety, depression, stress, attachment and relationship issues, abandonment fears, or grief and loss. My approach is holistic and mind / body oriented. I combine traditional talk therapy with mindfulness and embodiment based practices. I consider it a privilege to be entrusted with working with people in this vital, vulnerable and healing way.
(805) 316-7076 View (805) 316-7076
Photo of Bettina Hodel, Psychologist in San Luis Obispo, CA
Bettina Hodel
Psychologist, PhD, JD
Verified Verified
San Luis Obispo, CA 93401  (Online Only)
You feel anxious and depressed. You are told that you are insecure or that you are always "on the edge".
You feel anxious and depressed. You are told that you are insecure or that you are always "on the edge".
(805) 549-5067 View (805) 549-5067
Photo of Suzanne Gorter, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Luis Obispo, CA
Suzanne Gorter
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
San Luis Obispo, CA 93401
"As above, so below". The ancient saying reminds us that the ways in which we experience life and encounters with others are based on patterns of behavior and beliefs about ourselves in the world that have developed over time. Often these patterns and beliefs serve us well, other times they create inner turmoil, frustration, and confusion. As a therapist, I am committed to the facilitating the process for you of discovering unconscious patterns and beliefs, how they have been beneficial or harmful, and learning to make consciously informed responses to the problematic situations in life that you are facing.
"As above, so below". The ancient saying reminds us that the ways in which we experience life and encounters with others are based on patterns of behavior and beliefs about ourselves in the world that have developed over time. Often these patterns and beliefs serve us well, other times they create inner turmoil, frustration, and confusion. As a therapist, I am committed to the facilitating the process for you of discovering unconscious patterns and beliefs, how they have been beneficial or harmful, and learning to make consciously informed responses to the problematic situations in life that you are facing.
(805) 296-7808 View (805) 296-7808
Photo of Belinda Williams, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Luis Obispo, CA
Belinda Williams
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Luis Obispo, CA 93405
Are you looking for a down-to-earth therapist, who will be supportive of your goals? My name is Belinda Williams. I have been practicing therapy for 5 years. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) and I hold a Master’s Degree in Social Work. I am well-versed in working with individuals, children, and families experiencing depression, anxiety, relational issues, and trauma. I help my clients find balance in their lives through a range of modalities including Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT), Motivational Interviewing, and many more.
Are you looking for a down-to-earth therapist, who will be supportive of your goals? My name is Belinda Williams. I have been practicing therapy for 5 years. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) and I hold a Master’s Degree in Social Work. I am well-versed in working with individuals, children, and families experiencing depression, anxiety, relational issues, and trauma. I help my clients find balance in their lives through a range of modalities including Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT), Motivational Interviewing, and many more.
(805) 323-9670 View (805) 323-9670
Photo of Robert E Clayton, Psychologist in San Luis Obispo, CA
Robert E Clayton
Psychologist
Verified Verified
San Luis Obispo, CA 93401
I believe that our most profound feelings contain the seeds of our transformation and growth. Working together in a warm, supportive, and connected relationship, we can gain access to these deep, transformative emotions to find healing, strength, and unimagined new vitality. I enjoy working with students and young adults, those in mid-life, and elders.
I believe that our most profound feelings contain the seeds of our transformation and growth. Working together in a warm, supportive, and connected relationship, we can gain access to these deep, transformative emotions to find healing, strength, and unimagined new vitality. I enjoy working with students and young adults, those in mid-life, and elders.
(805) 250-4535 View (805) 250-4535

See more therapy options for San Luis Obispo

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in San Luis Obispo, CA

400+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in San Luis Obispo, CA who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
87% Depression
81% Relationship Issues
78% Trauma and PTSD
78% Self Esteem
68% Coping Skills
67% Stress

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

54% Other
45% Aetna
36% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in San Luis Obispo, CA see their clients

76% In Person and Online
24% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
17% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in San Luis Obispo?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.