Therapists in Nashville, TN

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Photo of Pamela L Hicks, Marriage & Family Therapist in Nashville, TN
Pamela L Hicks
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MMFT, MA, MS, MBA
Verified
Nashville, TN 37212
Each one of us experiences psychological challenges in life that we try to meet using whatever strategies we know. However, sometimes the challenges become too great and our coping strategies stop working. This can be compounded by the fact that we often internalize messages from our society, however well-intentioned, that limit our abilities to understand ourselves and our world. It is in these moments that we can use support from therapists to turn down the noise of the world so that we may find our own inner wisdom about who we are, what we need, and ultimately how to heal.
Each one of us experiences psychological challenges in life that we try to meet using whatever strategies we know. However, sometimes the challenges become too great and our coping strategies stop working. This can be compounded by the fact that we often internalize messages from our society, however well-intentioned, that limit our abilities to understand ourselves and our world. It is in these moments that we can use support from therapists to turn down the noise of the world so that we may find our own inner wisdom about who we are, what we need, and ultimately how to heal.
(615) 623-8846 View (615) 623-8846
Photo of Jan Clifton, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Nashville, TN
Jan Clifton
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37205
You have managed or contained life's challenges until it doesn't work anymore. The experiences of the past do not have to interfere with your joy in the present or future. My goal is to create a safe place for you to explore, learn, and create a new way of being in relationships and the world. I specialize in working with individuals and families that have been impacted by traumatic experiences, complex grief, attachment and relationship ruptures. Loss often involves trauma and trauma always involves grief.
You have managed or contained life's challenges until it doesn't work anymore. The experiences of the past do not have to interfere with your joy in the present or future. My goal is to create a safe place for you to explore, learn, and create a new way of being in relationships and the world. I specialize in working with individuals and families that have been impacted by traumatic experiences, complex grief, attachment and relationship ruptures. Loss often involves trauma and trauma always involves grief.
(615) 490-0420 View (615) 490-0420
Photo of Jim Schettler, Marriage & Family Therapist in Nashville, TN
Jim Schettler
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, CLC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37215
I am passionate about helping people overcome, heal, and succeed. With 20+ years of experience I have helped many clients to uncover their true self, overcome significant obstacles, and live a meaningful life consistent with their values and goals. I tailor my therapy by using the most effective approach to fit the individual/circumstances. I can help you develop tools for handling situations, emotions, and relationships effectively. I believe in helping people live a balanced life where they create balance mentally, emotionally, physically, and spiritually. The result? Greater clarity, serenity, joy, purpose, and a better relationship with self and others.
I am passionate about helping people overcome, heal, and succeed. With 20+ years of experience I have helped many clients to uncover their true self, overcome significant obstacles, and live a meaningful life consistent with their values and goals. I tailor my therapy by using the most effective approach to fit the individual/circumstances. I can help you develop tools for handling situations, emotions, and relationships effectively. I believe in helping people live a balanced life where they create balance mentally, emotionally, physically, and spiritually. The result? Greater clarity, serenity, joy, purpose, and a better relationship with self and others.
(615) 763-4671 View (615) 763-4671
Photo of Lindsey Weiner, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Nashville, TN
Lindsey Weiner
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
Nashville, TN 37204
Now Accepting New Clients! Maybe you have tried talk therapy and have made tons of insights and connections but still find yourself in the same patterns- numbing out, escaping, lashing out, etc. I believe that with attunement, compassion and curiosity we can begin turning towards our challenges, difficult emotions, and patterns and find the growth that is waiting to take root within.
Now Accepting New Clients! Maybe you have tried talk therapy and have made tons of insights and connections but still find yourself in the same patterns- numbing out, escaping, lashing out, etc. I believe that with attunement, compassion and curiosity we can begin turning towards our challenges, difficult emotions, and patterns and find the growth that is waiting to take root within.
(615) 551-3810 View (615) 551-3810
Photo of Brandy Walker, Marriage & Family Therapist in Nashville, TN
Brandy Walker
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Nashville, TN 37216
Waitlist for new clients
Brandy specializes in supporting individuals dealing with anxiety, depression, trauma, grief, and relationships–both with others and within oneself. She enjoys helping clients with reducing emotional reactivity and impulsive behaviors, improving emotional awareness, increasing mindfulness, and developing healthier ways of coping.
Brandy specializes in supporting individuals dealing with anxiety, depression, trauma, grief, and relationships–both with others and within oneself. She enjoys helping clients with reducing emotional reactivity and impulsive behaviors, improving emotional awareness, increasing mindfulness, and developing healthier ways of coping.
(629) 300-6860 View (629) 300-6860
Photo of Sadie Miller-Daley, Licensed Professional Counselor in Nashville, TN
Sadie Miller-Daley
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPCMHSP, NCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37215  (Online Only)
Do you feel like you have tried other methods of healing or therapy to no avail? Are you a young adult, mom, or a woman dealing with trauma, pregnancy, infertility, or difficult life transitions? Do you feel like your past has shaped certain aspects of you that you don’t want to continue to carry forward anymore? I encourage you to reach out, and explore through a free consultation how EMDR, and a holistic approach to healing may help to release you from old patterns no longer serving your mind and body. EMDR can help desensitize emotional reactions and we can then work together to create new healthier patterns.
Do you feel like you have tried other methods of healing or therapy to no avail? Are you a young adult, mom, or a woman dealing with trauma, pregnancy, infertility, or difficult life transitions? Do you feel like your past has shaped certain aspects of you that you don’t want to continue to carry forward anymore? I encourage you to reach out, and explore through a free consultation how EMDR, and a holistic approach to healing may help to release you from old patterns no longer serving your mind and body. EMDR can help desensitize emotional reactions and we can then work together to create new healthier patterns.
(615) 285-5223 View (615) 285-5223
Photo of Nanette Griffin, Licensed Professional Counselor in Nashville, TN
Nanette Griffin
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MHSP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37215
I believe therapy is a safe place for self-exploration and building awareness of what may be holding you back from achieving your best self and putting you on the path to a more fulfilling life. Whether this is your first time seeking therapy or you have tried it in the past, I am committed to working together to navigate through your needs and meet your goals. It can be helpful to have someone's full, unbiased attention to support you in your journey to create healing through positive, long lasting change.
I believe therapy is a safe place for self-exploration and building awareness of what may be holding you back from achieving your best self and putting you on the path to a more fulfilling life. Whether this is your first time seeking therapy or you have tried it in the past, I am committed to working together to navigate through your needs and meet your goals. It can be helpful to have someone's full, unbiased attention to support you in your journey to create healing through positive, long lasting change.
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Photo of Kari Smith, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Nashville, TN
Kari Smith
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Nashville, TN 37221
We all experience times of stress, fear, loneliness and sadness. Worries and "what if's" can keep us up at night. But when these things start to affect our overall well being and daily functioning, help from a professional can be beneficial. I can work with you in these difficult times and provide support and tools necessary for healing.I hope you will find my office safe, welcoming, nonjudgemental and a place where you can talk through what's bothering you.
We all experience times of stress, fear, loneliness and sadness. Worries and "what if's" can keep us up at night. But when these things start to affect our overall well being and daily functioning, help from a professional can be beneficial. I can work with you in these difficult times and provide support and tools necessary for healing.I hope you will find my office safe, welcoming, nonjudgemental and a place where you can talk through what's bothering you.
(615) 558-5415 View (615) 558-5415
Photo of Landrew Sevel, Psychologist in Nashville, TN
Landrew Sevel
Psychologist, PhD, PSYPACT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37216
There is beauty in the complexity of our lives, and often difficulty too. Sometimes, our inner resources and life's challenges don't align, and leave us feeling stuck, overwhelmed, or unskilled. My goals is to help you to find more freedom, ease, and wholeness in these moments. I am skilled in working with experiences of depression, anxiety, panic, trauma and chronic pain/illness. I am interested in working with members of the LGBTQIA+ community, neurodivergent folks, and those whose lives question social norms. My approach emphasizes gentleness, mutuality, creativity, and awareness from a trauma-informed, anti-oppressive lens.
There is beauty in the complexity of our lives, and often difficulty too. Sometimes, our inner resources and life's challenges don't align, and leave us feeling stuck, overwhelmed, or unskilled. My goals is to help you to find more freedom, ease, and wholeness in these moments. I am skilled in working with experiences of depression, anxiety, panic, trauma and chronic pain/illness. I am interested in working with members of the LGBTQIA+ community, neurodivergent folks, and those whose lives question social norms. My approach emphasizes gentleness, mutuality, creativity, and awareness from a trauma-informed, anti-oppressive lens.
(615) 488-8796 View (615) 488-8796
Photo of Jeffrey L Binder, Psychologist in Nashville, TN
Jeffrey L Binder
Psychologist, PhD, ABPP
Verified
3 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37221  (Online Only)
With over 45 years in clinical practice, treating a wide variety of issues, I appreciate that each person has a unique personal story. I believe that remaining current with relevant scientific findings enhances my clinical work. I also believe that training young therapists at four universities has sharpened my thinking about how to understand each individual, as well as improving my skills in conducting therapy. Over a decade of doing psychotherapy research has deepened my understanding about how psychotherapy works. I tailor my therapeutic approach to your personal situation. We will work together to resolve your problems.
With over 45 years in clinical practice, treating a wide variety of issues, I appreciate that each person has a unique personal story. I believe that remaining current with relevant scientific findings enhances my clinical work. I also believe that training young therapists at four universities has sharpened my thinking about how to understand each individual, as well as improving my skills in conducting therapy. Over a decade of doing psychotherapy research has deepened my understanding about how psychotherapy works. I tailor my therapeutic approach to your personal situation. We will work together to resolve your problems.
(615) 857-6686 View (615) 857-6686
Photo of Hillary VandeLinde, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Nashville, TN
Hillary VandeLinde
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
2 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37207
Life doesn't always go the way we want it to- we get dealt a hand sometimes that stops us in our tracks. Maybe your life "should" be feeling okay but you feel overwhelmed and don't know where to go. Or maybe, anxiety, depression, and burnout are feeling insurmountable and you need some help getting unstuck. You don't have to navigate this alone. I'm a licensed clinician with years of experience helping people walk through the hard parts of life and I am here to support you. I believe in excellent and ethical care and have a special focus on woman's health and offer a specialty in Maternal Mental Health. All are welcome.
Life doesn't always go the way we want it to- we get dealt a hand sometimes that stops us in our tracks. Maybe your life "should" be feeling okay but you feel overwhelmed and don't know where to go. Or maybe, anxiety, depression, and burnout are feeling insurmountable and you need some help getting unstuck. You don't have to navigate this alone. I'm a licensed clinician with years of experience helping people walk through the hard parts of life and I am here to support you. I believe in excellent and ethical care and have a special focus on woman's health and offer a specialty in Maternal Mental Health. All are welcome.
(615) 956-2885 View (615) 956-2885
Photo of Tim Hollar, Licensed Professional Counselor in Nashville, TN
Tim Hollar
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPCMHSP
Verified
2 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37203
You can tell when things feel off and when you are not going in a direction that feels authentic. I approach therapy through a lens of strength. The strength to be vulnerable, to take ownership of your story, and to learning about yourself to act out your values with integrity. Life can often be been difficult on our mind, body, and relationships. Individual therapy can provide support for grief, depression, isolation, and anxiety. Couples therapy can strengthen the bond in your relationship. Reaching out takes courage, a desire to change, and often pain. You don’t need to be alone in being stuck, in change, or in pain.
You can tell when things feel off and when you are not going in a direction that feels authentic. I approach therapy through a lens of strength. The strength to be vulnerable, to take ownership of your story, and to learning about yourself to act out your values with integrity. Life can often be been difficult on our mind, body, and relationships. Individual therapy can provide support for grief, depression, isolation, and anxiety. Couples therapy can strengthen the bond in your relationship. Reaching out takes courage, a desire to change, and often pain. You don’t need to be alone in being stuck, in change, or in pain.
(615) 551-9427 View (615) 551-9427
Photo of Nicoletta Montgomery, Pre-Licensed Professional in Nashville, TN
Nicoletta Montgomery
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, LPC, MHSP, Temp
Verified
2 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37204
If you are struggling with anxiety and depression, I am offering intensive therapy. It is seven sessions dedicated to your growth and change. Please note that this therapy is for persons who are serious in making a positive change in their mental health. This approach is not a quick fix, it is intensive and requires commitment to change.
If you are struggling with anxiety and depression, I am offering intensive therapy. It is seven sessions dedicated to your growth and change. Please note that this therapy is for persons who are serious in making a positive change in their mental health. This approach is not a quick fix, it is intensive and requires commitment to change.
(615) 903-5134 View (615) 903-5134
Photo of Angela Simon, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Nashville, TN
Angela Simon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Nashville, TN 37203
I am a licensed clinical social worker and have been in practice for fifteen years. I believe that people have the capacity to change and make improvements in their lives. And, I see myself as a partner in the change process. I am someone that you can trust who will listen with compassion-free from judgment. I am easy to talk to and I will share with you my thoughts, ideas and strategies to assist you as you move towards change. I am compassionate and will treat you with respect and understanding.
I am a licensed clinical social worker and have been in practice for fifteen years. I believe that people have the capacity to change and make improvements in their lives. And, I see myself as a partner in the change process. I am someone that you can trust who will listen with compassion-free from judgment. I am easy to talk to and I will share with you my thoughts, ideas and strategies to assist you as you move towards change. I am compassionate and will treat you with respect and understanding.
(615) 219-1074 View (615) 219-1074
Photo of Rich Gorman, Pre-Licensed Professional in Nashville, TN
Rich Gorman
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, MEd, LPC, MHSP, (temp)
Verified
2 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37204
I work with adult individuals and couples who are experiencing anxiety, depression, addiction, grief/loss, religious trauma and/or adverse religious experiences, cancer diagnosis and treatment as well as people working through life transitions such as divorce, job loss or retirement. I also work with artists who are working through creative blocks to reconnect with their creative soul. I specialize in working with couples who feel they have lost love and connection as well as couples who have experienced infidelity. I help these adult individuals and couples find their way along the path of growth, freedom, healing and restoration.
I work with adult individuals and couples who are experiencing anxiety, depression, addiction, grief/loss, religious trauma and/or adverse religious experiences, cancer diagnosis and treatment as well as people working through life transitions such as divorce, job loss or retirement. I also work with artists who are working through creative blocks to reconnect with their creative soul. I specialize in working with couples who feel they have lost love and connection as well as couples who have experienced infidelity. I help these adult individuals and couples find their way along the path of growth, freedom, healing and restoration.
(615) 701-6879 View (615) 701-6879
Photo of Joe Stevens, Pre-Licensed Professional in Nashville, TN
Joe Stevens
Pre-Licensed Professional, MEd, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37203
I work best with professionals facing life transitions, such as graduation, job changes, or personal milestones. Whether you are grappling with your identity, performance issues, or feeling disconnected from mainstream culture, you can trust that I will provide a supportive, understanding environment to explore your emotions, relationships, and goals. My mission is to provide the guidance they need to navigate these challenges and empower them to grow, heal, and create the life you desire.
I work best with professionals facing life transitions, such as graduation, job changes, or personal milestones. Whether you are grappling with your identity, performance issues, or feeling disconnected from mainstream culture, you can trust that I will provide a supportive, understanding environment to explore your emotions, relationships, and goals. My mission is to provide the guidance they need to navigate these challenges and empower them to grow, heal, and create the life you desire.
(615) 903-4451 View (615) 903-4451
Photo of Angela Mueller, Licensed Professional Counselor in Nashville, TN
Angela Mueller
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MHSP, MEd
Verified
Nashville, TN 37208
It’s possible to find your spark for life again! I am passionate about helping people heal from their pasts, rediscover their authenticity, and create a life worth living – all while learning how to ride the waves of life instead of being completely knocked down by them. Our life experiences can create pain, suffering, and an undercurrent of dread and anxiety that keeps us from living the life we want. At times it can feel like we are just barely getting by from moment to moment in a panicked fear, and other times it can feel like operating on autopilot – depressed, disconnected, and numb.
It’s possible to find your spark for life again! I am passionate about helping people heal from their pasts, rediscover their authenticity, and create a life worth living – all while learning how to ride the waves of life instead of being completely knocked down by them. Our life experiences can create pain, suffering, and an undercurrent of dread and anxiety that keeps us from living the life we want. At times it can feel like we are just barely getting by from moment to moment in a panicked fear, and other times it can feel like operating on autopilot – depressed, disconnected, and numb.
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Photo of Mari Swann, Pre-Licensed Professional in Nashville, TN
Mari Swann
Pre-Licensed Professional, TLMFT
Verified
6 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37212
Humans have the uncanny ability to tell ourselves stories that make us feel bad, stuck and unable to move forward. Somehow, it's easier for us to believe the worst version of what could be true than it is to see possibilities. In an attempt to belong, we may find ourselves shape-shifting to accommodate others- believing that someone other than who we are is the only way we can fit in. Over time, this can leave us with little certainty or confidence in our true, authentic voice.
Humans have the uncanny ability to tell ourselves stories that make us feel bad, stuck and unable to move forward. Somehow, it's easier for us to believe the worst version of what could be true than it is to see possibilities. In an attempt to belong, we may find ourselves shape-shifting to accommodate others- believing that someone other than who we are is the only way we can fit in. Over time, this can leave us with little certainty or confidence in our true, authentic voice.
(615) 395-3289 View (615) 395-3289
Photo of Kelsie Patton, Licensed Social Worker in Nashville, TN
Kelsie Patton
Licensed Social Worker, LCSW , 200RYT
Verified
Nashville, TN 37205  (Online Only)
I have experience working alongside clients with complex trauma, navigating grief, codependency patterns, addictions and relational trauma. I have worked with families, children, teens and adults with varieties of mental health conditions, challenging behaviors and histories of trauma. I cultivate a practice that emphasizes the importance of a body-mind connection through Brainspotting, IFS parts work, somatic embodiment, breath-work, decolonized and anti-racist framework that encourages stored bodily trauma to process and release. I have expertise in trauma-informed alignment based yoga practice.
I have experience working alongside clients with complex trauma, navigating grief, codependency patterns, addictions and relational trauma. I have worked with families, children, teens and adults with varieties of mental health conditions, challenging behaviors and histories of trauma. I cultivate a practice that emphasizes the importance of a body-mind connection through Brainspotting, IFS parts work, somatic embodiment, breath-work, decolonized and anti-racist framework that encourages stored bodily trauma to process and release. I have expertise in trauma-informed alignment based yoga practice.
(267) 627-6334 View (267) 627-6334
Photo of Jessica Cameron, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Nashville, TN
Jessica Cameron
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
2 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37212
Sometimes difficult thoughts, feelings, and experiences take us away from the life we want to live. It may not seem clear how therapy can help. I provide a non-judgmental and secure space where, together, we can clarify your goals and develop a treatment plan. My approach to therapy is grounded in evidence-based clinical practices. Combining behavioral and mindfulness-based modalities, including Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Exposure and Response Prevention, I help clients develop insight and take action in order to live engaged, meaningful lives.
Sometimes difficult thoughts, feelings, and experiences take us away from the life we want to live. It may not seem clear how therapy can help. I provide a non-judgmental and secure space where, together, we can clarify your goals and develop a treatment plan. My approach to therapy is grounded in evidence-based clinical practices. Combining behavioral and mindfulness-based modalities, including Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Exposure and Response Prevention, I help clients develop insight and take action in order to live engaged, meaningful lives.
(615) 295-8323 View (615) 295-8323

See more therapy options for Nashville

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Nashville, TN

1,000+

Average cost per session

$140

Therapists in Nashville, TN who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
84% Depression
78% Relationship Issues
77% Self Esteem
70% Trauma and PTSD
69% Stress
68% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

75% Cigna and Evernorth
72% Aetna
66% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Nashville, TN see their clients

77% In Person and Online
23% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
21% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Nashville?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.