Therapists in Nashville, TN

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Photo of Dr. Hunter Stanfield, PhD, LMFT, CFLE, MS, MDR, Marriage & Family Therapist
Dr. Hunter Stanfield
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, LMFT, CFLE, MS, MDR
Verified Verified
25 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37204
Not accepting new clients
Living a quality life often comes with challenges. Therapy isn't just for crises or complaining—it's a strategic tool. It's a confidential way to reflect, strategize, refocus, and recharge. Facing challenges sharpens us, allowing us to pivot with purpose and get back on track. Each session is an opportunity for growth, enhancing personal and relationship well-being as well as professional success. Your life is not just built on successes, but on the wisdom gained from every challenge faced.
Living a quality life often comes with challenges. Therapy isn't just for crises or complaining—it's a strategic tool. It's a confidential way to reflect, strategize, refocus, and recharge. Facing challenges sharpens us, allowing us to pivot with purpose and get back on track. Each session is an opportunity for growth, enhancing personal and relationship well-being as well as professional success. Your life is not just built on successes, but on the wisdom gained from every challenge faced.
(615) 205-6109 View (615) 205-6109
Photo of Mark Simpson, PhD, Psychologist
Mark Simpson
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Nashville, TN 37212
Managing life’s challenges can overwhelming. Whether juggling typical ups and downs or coping with loss, trauma, major upset, or crisis, I have found that clients seek therapy with me because they are tired of feeling alone in their struggles and want an emotional connection with an experienced therapist who is empathic, caring, understanding, and non-judgmental. I work with a variety of clients and issues, including depression, anxiety, unresolved trauma, addictions, or relationship conflicts. At the core, I think clients are searching for happiness, fulfillment, and purpose in life.
Managing life’s challenges can overwhelming. Whether juggling typical ups and downs or coping with loss, trauma, major upset, or crisis, I have found that clients seek therapy with me because they are tired of feeling alone in their struggles and want an emotional connection with an experienced therapist who is empathic, caring, understanding, and non-judgmental. I work with a variety of clients and issues, including depression, anxiety, unresolved trauma, addictions, or relationship conflicts. At the core, I think clients are searching for happiness, fulfillment, and purpose in life.
(615) 703-3425 View (615) 703-3425
Photo of Andrea Santa Maria - Delilah Counseling, Licensed Professional Counselor
Delilah Counseling
Licensed Professional Counselor
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37207
In today’s world, women and girls are faced with unimaginable stressors in everyday life — negative criticism from parents and friends about body image, anxiety and stress regarding world news, and difficulties relating to bullying, communication, and relationship difficulties on social media just to name a few. These everyday issues can trigger depression, anxiety, and trauma — not to mention exacerbate already present mental health issues such as mood disorders, eating disorders, or OCD. Our goal is to open up a conversation for women and girls to speak freely and openly about their mental heath in a space that supports women.
In today’s world, women and girls are faced with unimaginable stressors in everyday life — negative criticism from parents and friends about body image, anxiety and stress regarding world news, and difficulties relating to bullying, communication, and relationship difficulties on social media just to name a few. These everyday issues can trigger depression, anxiety, and trauma — not to mention exacerbate already present mental health issues such as mood disorders, eating disorders, or OCD. Our goal is to open up a conversation for women and girls to speak freely and openly about their mental heath in a space that supports women.
(615) 437-5646 View (615) 437-5646
Photo of Juliana Vokes, LPC, MHSP, Licensed Professional Counselor
Juliana Vokes
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MHSP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37214
Self-discovery is an intentional process which helps us create a balanced approach to change and acceptance. I offer a safe and creative space for teens and adults within the LGBTQIA+ community to explore identity, life changes, and relationships.
Self-discovery is an intentional process which helps us create a balanced approach to change and acceptance. I offer a safe and creative space for teens and adults within the LGBTQIA+ community to explore identity, life changes, and relationships.
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Photo of Julia A McAninch, PsyD, Psychologist
Julia A McAninch
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37204
My specialty areas include trauma and PTSD (rape, child abuse, domestic violence, neglect, emotional abuse, car accidents and other accidents, combat exposure, and other violent crimes); relationship issues (couples therapy, recovering from affairs, LGBT couples, family conflict); sexuality (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and questioning concerns, sexual performance, diverse sexual expression); gender (women's issues, men's issues, transgender issues); identity exploration (college students, multicultural populations, career changes); mood disorders (depression and anxiety); along with other areas of concern. Please go to www.mcaninchpsychological.com to see more.
My specialty areas include trauma and PTSD (rape, child abuse, domestic violence, neglect, emotional abuse, car accidents and other accidents, combat exposure, and other violent crimes); relationship issues (couples therapy, recovering from affairs, LGBT couples, family conflict); sexuality (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and questioning concerns, sexual performance, diverse sexual expression); gender (women's issues, men's issues, transgender issues); identity exploration (college students, multicultural populations, career changes); mood disorders (depression and anxiety); along with other areas of concern. Please go to www.mcaninchpsychological.com to see more.
(615) 208-7104 View (615) 208-7104
Photo of Molly Legarrea, LPC Intern
Molly Legarrea
LPC Intern
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37205
Feeling that you have lost your identity, that life's challenges are too much, or that you have no safe space to vent can be extremely daunting & draining. Life's challenges can be unpredictable & feel never-ending. You don't have to face those struggles alone. I am passionate about working with those in adolescence & young adulthood who need a safe space to talk, be heard, & feel welcomed. I hope to walk with you on your journey of self-discovery by exploring the feelings & thoughts that are causing you to feel stuck, on the wrong track, or lost in deciding what is next. My goal is to provide a safe environment for you to grow.
Feeling that you have lost your identity, that life's challenges are too much, or that you have no safe space to vent can be extremely daunting & draining. Life's challenges can be unpredictable & feel never-ending. You don't have to face those struggles alone. I am passionate about working with those in adolescence & young adulthood who need a safe space to talk, be heard, & feel welcomed. I hope to walk with you on your journey of self-discovery by exploring the feelings & thoughts that are causing you to feel stuck, on the wrong track, or lost in deciding what is next. My goal is to provide a safe environment for you to grow.
(615) 551-7262 View (615) 551-7262
Photo of Latiaa Whitfield-Stewart, MS, Pre-Licensed Professional
Latiaa Whitfield-Stewart
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37217
Mental health sometimes is overlooked because life can become overwhelming. I am a Pre-Licensed Professional Counselor, aiming to assist others in learning how to manage the day-to-day distresses that life brings. I specialize in grief counseling, alcohol and drug addictions, and trauma informed care. I want to help you navigate life as you learn different ways to cope, while trying to heal from past trauma. I am very passionate about people seeking closure and finding peace in their life. You have made the best decision to prioritize your healing.
Mental health sometimes is overlooked because life can become overwhelming. I am a Pre-Licensed Professional Counselor, aiming to assist others in learning how to manage the day-to-day distresses that life brings. I specialize in grief counseling, alcohol and drug addictions, and trauma informed care. I want to help you navigate life as you learn different ways to cope, while trying to heal from past trauma. I am very passionate about people seeking closure and finding peace in their life. You have made the best decision to prioritize your healing.
(615) 823-8580 x102 View (615) 823-8580 x102
Photo of Kyra Rane Weyenberg, TLMFT, Pre-Licensed Professional
Kyra Rane Weyenberg
Pre-Licensed Professional, TLMFT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37212
Life feels burdensome. You struggle to keep up with its changes and demands, and often feel overwhelmed. Your relationships feel distressing and distant, and you’re not sure how to make this work anymore. You've experienced loss, and the pain is challenging to manage. It’s an endless cycle leaving you feeling alone and stuck. You want the chaos to quiet, the joy to return, and the darkness to lift. I believe there’s a way through pain and heartache. Let’s uncover hope and healing together.
Life feels burdensome. You struggle to keep up with its changes and demands, and often feel overwhelmed. Your relationships feel distressing and distant, and you’re not sure how to make this work anymore. You've experienced loss, and the pain is challenging to manage. It’s an endless cycle leaving you feeling alone and stuck. You want the chaos to quiet, the joy to return, and the darkness to lift. I believe there’s a way through pain and heartache. Let’s uncover hope and healing together.
(615) 558-8548 View (615) 558-8548
Photo of Anne Peyton Baker, NCC, Pre-Licensed Professional
Anne Peyton Baker
Pre-Licensed Professional, NCC
Verified Verified
Nashville, TN 37203  (Online Only)
I am thrilled to work with clients of any age and background, and I especially love getting to work with individuals who no longer want to live with their past defining their present. Let's work together to help you reach your goals and live the life you were created to live!
I am thrilled to work with clients of any age and background, and I especially love getting to work with individuals who no longer want to live with their past defining their present. Let's work together to help you reach your goals and live the life you were created to live!
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Photo of Amy Lynn Green - Nashville Collaborative Counseling Center, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Nashville Collaborative Counseling Center
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Nashville, TN 37228
Nashville Collaborative Counseling Center is a group practice of mental healthcare therapists and helping professionals committed to creating spaces of accessibility, healing, and justice for our clients and the communities in which we serve. We also have a speciality practice within NCCC called Mamaya Health (UHC Community Plan (TN Medicaid) geared towards women who are pregnant and/or postpartum. Our interns within this program have expertise in maternal mental health, as well as focused consultation & supervision to provide you with specialized care at a time when you need it most.
Nashville Collaborative Counseling Center is a group practice of mental healthcare therapists and helping professionals committed to creating spaces of accessibility, healing, and justice for our clients and the communities in which we serve. We also have a speciality practice within NCCC called Mamaya Health (UHC Community Plan (TN Medicaid) geared towards women who are pregnant and/or postpartum. Our interns within this program have expertise in maternal mental health, as well as focused consultation & supervision to provide you with specialized care at a time when you need it most.
(615) 258-6519 View (615) 258-6519
Photo of Frank C Batson - Nashville BrainCore Therapy, DC
Nashville BrainCore Therapy
DC
Verified Verified
Nashville, TN 37214
Nashville BrainCore provides a unique, drugless, painless, noninvasive approach to treating brainwave dysregulation associated with symptoms of many neurological-based conditions like Anxiety, Depression, Insomnia, Memory Loss, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Panic Attacks, Autism, Post-Stroke, Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Traumatic Brain Injury (e.g. Concussions), and many more. The relaxing and therapeutic treatment involves our Neurofeedback Practitioner, first, identifying the brainwave dysregulation with a noninvasive and painless brainwave analysis, and then determining a proper treatment plan that is tailored to your needs.
Nashville BrainCore provides a unique, drugless, painless, noninvasive approach to treating brainwave dysregulation associated with symptoms of many neurological-based conditions like Anxiety, Depression, Insomnia, Memory Loss, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Panic Attacks, Autism, Post-Stroke, Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Traumatic Brain Injury (e.g. Concussions), and many more. The relaxing and therapeutic treatment involves our Neurofeedback Practitioner, first, identifying the brainwave dysregulation with a noninvasive and painless brainwave analysis, and then determining a proper treatment plan that is tailored to your needs.
(615) 374-7125 View (615) 374-7125
Photo of Shannon Whitt, Pre-Licensed Professional
Shannon Whitt
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
Nashville, TN 37212
Accepting New Clients: individuals and couples. Ever feel lost, stuck or disconnected, longing for things to be different but have no idea where to start? If you are frustrated and tired of trying to make change on your own, help is available. Taking the step of seeking therapy and finding the right counselor can be intimidating. I understand because I have been there myself. Thank you for visiting this page and taking time to get to know me. My name is Shannon and I enjoy working with individuals and couples longing to improve their connection to themselves and each other.
Accepting New Clients: individuals and couples. Ever feel lost, stuck or disconnected, longing for things to be different but have no idea where to start? If you are frustrated and tired of trying to make change on your own, help is available. Taking the step of seeking therapy and finding the right counselor can be intimidating. I understand because I have been there myself. Thank you for visiting this page and taking time to get to know me. My name is Shannon and I enjoy working with individuals and couples longing to improve their connection to themselves and each other.
(615) 235-5735 View (615) 235-5735
Photo of Luke Delavergne, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Luke Delavergne
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37203
Do you feel confused about which career will fit you best? Do you feel overwhelmed managing life? Are you anxious about making a mistake that will cost you years of dissatisfaction? Are you struggling in a relationship and want solutions? These are common anxieties that I address in my practice.
Do you feel confused about which career will fit you best? Do you feel overwhelmed managing life? Are you anxious about making a mistake that will cost you years of dissatisfaction? Are you struggling in a relationship and want solutions? These are common anxieties that I address in my practice.
(731) 506-1651 View (731) 506-1651
Photo of Dr. Emily Newbury, LPC, MHSP, (temp), PsyD, Pre-Licensed Professional
Dr. Emily Newbury
Pre-Licensed Professional, LPC, MHSP, (temp), PsyD
Verified Verified
Nashville, TN 37212
Life gets more complicated as you move into young adulthood, and it can feel impossible to cope with the daily demands: work, school, relationships, food, family, self-care, it’s hard to juggle it all. I can help you manage the chaos and create calm. I specialize in working with young adults who are in transition and who struggle with disordered eating, anxiety, depression, and trauma. Perfectionism and our inner critic make things worse, deepening depression, ramping up anxiety, and complicating our relationship with food and our bodies. Do you connect with this?
Life gets more complicated as you move into young adulthood, and it can feel impossible to cope with the daily demands: work, school, relationships, food, family, self-care, it’s hard to juggle it all. I can help you manage the chaos and create calm. I specialize in working with young adults who are in transition and who struggle with disordered eating, anxiety, depression, and trauma. Perfectionism and our inner critic make things worse, deepening depression, ramping up anxiety, and complicating our relationship with food and our bodies. Do you connect with this?
(615) 903-0760 View (615) 903-0760
Photo of Alissa Bloom, BSW, Pre-Licensed Professional
Alissa Bloom
Pre-Licensed Professional, BSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37211
I believe that every person brings a distinct and unique experience to insights and impacts on their fellow humans. You shine brightly, even in your darkest moments, and my goal is to build on the strengths and resilience that carried you through challenges. I hope to support you during life transitions, conflict resolution, co-occurring disorders, neurodivergence, and building and maintaining healthy interpersonal relationships. I work with you in a collaborative effort by using a holistic, person-centered approach, focusing on self-determination and working through identity-related issues.
I believe that every person brings a distinct and unique experience to insights and impacts on their fellow humans. You shine brightly, even in your darkest moments, and my goal is to build on the strengths and resilience that carried you through challenges. I hope to support you during life transitions, conflict resolution, co-occurring disorders, neurodivergence, and building and maintaining healthy interpersonal relationships. I work with you in a collaborative effort by using a holistic, person-centered approach, focusing on self-determination and working through identity-related issues.
(629) 729-4093 View (629) 729-4093
Photo of Shilo M Satran, LPC-MHS, LPC/OR, MAC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Shilo M Satran
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC-MHS, LPC/OR, MAC
Verified Verified
Nashville, TN 37243
Everyone eventually comes upon a life situation that confuses or distresses them. I believe that is part of the human condition. Whether it be situational anxiety or depression, trauma, mental illness or addiction, nobody gets through life without experiencing something. These life events serve as wake up calls to help us make changes and live a more fulfilling life. It is helpful to have someone to navigate new territory with, someone who has been there themselves, to help find a better way. And that's what I am here to help you do, find a better way that leads to a more fulfilling life.
Everyone eventually comes upon a life situation that confuses or distresses them. I believe that is part of the human condition. Whether it be situational anxiety or depression, trauma, mental illness or addiction, nobody gets through life without experiencing something. These life events serve as wake up calls to help us make changes and live a more fulfilling life. It is helpful to have someone to navigate new territory with, someone who has been there themselves, to help find a better way. And that's what I am here to help you do, find a better way that leads to a more fulfilling life.
(615) 729-7981 View (615) 729-7981
Photo of Diana Finlayson, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Diana Finlayson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Nashville, TN 37215
I provide psychotherapy for adults using a variety of treatment modalities. I most often work from a psychodynamic perspective, exploring how current behaviors and emotions relate to earlier experiences and relationships. I also work with couples in therapy to facilitate improved relationships and develop effective communication skills.
I provide psychotherapy for adults using a variety of treatment modalities. I most often work from a psychodynamic perspective, exploring how current behaviors and emotions relate to earlier experiences and relationships. I also work with couples in therapy to facilitate improved relationships and develop effective communication skills.
(615) 465-0757 View (615) 465-0757
Photo of Blythe Corinne Landry, LCSW, MSW, MEd, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Blythe Corinne Landry
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MSW, MEd
Verified Verified
Nashville, TN 37213
Isolated? Fearful? Tired of doing it alone? It's a new day, and I can help. I adhere to the belief that nobody's story is too painful to be heard or healed-even yours. With an emphasis on empowering my clients for long-term change, I have helped hundreds of people coping with trauma, grief/loss and painful relationship patterns to achieve lasting change. I would be honored to help you too. I am the author of Trauma Intelligence and offer trauma and grief recovery workshops for organizations.
Isolated? Fearful? Tired of doing it alone? It's a new day, and I can help. I adhere to the belief that nobody's story is too painful to be heard or healed-even yours. With an emphasis on empowering my clients for long-term change, I have helped hundreds of people coping with trauma, grief/loss and painful relationship patterns to achieve lasting change. I would be honored to help you too. I am the author of Trauma Intelligence and offer trauma and grief recovery workshops for organizations.
(773) 417-5294 View (773) 417-5294
Photo of Kelcie Witt, LPC, MHSP, Licensed Professional Counselor
Kelcie Witt
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MHSP
Verified Verified
Nashville, TN 37228  (Online Only)
Hello! Thanks for stopping by to check out my page. I work with couples, women, and teenagers and see a variety of issues including depression, anxiety, life transitions, self-esteem, and relational problems/wounds. As a Christian, I also enjoy working with concerns surrounding faith and spiritual development.
Hello! Thanks for stopping by to check out my page. I work with couples, women, and teenagers and see a variety of issues including depression, anxiety, life transitions, self-esteem, and relational problems/wounds. As a Christian, I also enjoy working with concerns surrounding faith and spiritual development.
(423) 205-4310 View (423) 205-4310
Photo of Natalie Hoyt, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Natalie Hoyt
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Nashville, TN 37203
Every individual is worthy of healing and peace, and my favorite part about working with clients is working with them as they find the courage to live out this belief. Journeys of healing are sometimes scary, so using a holistic and collaborative approach, I endeavor to create a space that is nonjudgmental, safe, and peaceful as I aid clients in their work. My approach to therapy includes a combination of evidence-based practices including Restoration therapy and Internal Family Systems therapy, as well as Gottman Method interventions, common factors, and the expressive arts.
Every individual is worthy of healing and peace, and my favorite part about working with clients is working with them as they find the courage to live out this belief. Journeys of healing are sometimes scary, so using a holistic and collaborative approach, I endeavor to create a space that is nonjudgmental, safe, and peaceful as I aid clients in their work. My approach to therapy includes a combination of evidence-based practices including Restoration therapy and Internal Family Systems therapy, as well as Gottman Method interventions, common factors, and the expressive arts.
(615) 205-9589 View (615) 205-9589
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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Nashville, TN

1,000+

Average cost per session

$140

Therapists in Nashville, TN who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
84% Depression
77% Relationship Issues
77% Self Esteem
70% Trauma and PTSD
69% Stress
68% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

76% Aetna
76% Cigna and Evernorth
64% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Nashville, TN see their clients

75% In Person and Online
25% Online Only

Gender breakdown

79% Female
20% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Nashville?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.