Photo of Brian Howard, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in 73118, OK
Brian Howard
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, MA, LADC-MH
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
I am a Licensed Alcohol, Drug, and Mental Health Counselor with experience with all types of substance abuse. My experience is rooted in personal experience as I am in recovery myself, clinical experience, and Master's level education. I believe addicts of all kinds are good people with a bad disease that can live a life in recovery full of happiness, peace, and contentment. I can tailor a program to fit the individual and family. Families can be an important part of long-term recovery and I try to involve the family whenever possible. For appropriate clients, I offer a 6-month outpatient program.
I am a Licensed Alcohol, Drug, and Mental Health Counselor with experience with all types of substance abuse. My experience is rooted in personal experience as I am in recovery myself, clinical experience, and Master's level education. I believe addicts of all kinds are good people with a bad disease that can live a life in recovery full of happiness, peace, and contentment. I can tailor a program to fit the individual and family. Families can be an important part of long-term recovery and I try to involve the family whenever possible. For appropriate clients, I offer a 6-month outpatient program.
(405) 757-2337 View (405) 757-2337
Photo of Barbara A Kennedy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 73118, OK
Barbara A Kennedy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MPH, LMSW
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
When the heart opens, the imagination expands, the memory becomes more abstract, the mind grows, and one’s relationships acquire depth and complexity, this changes all relationships with all things. First, we identify who or what triggers your anxiety and/or depression. Are you living in isolation? Are you eating and sleeping properly? What is depression and what are the symptoms? Is it the time of year? The holidays? A recent loss? The end of something you thought would go on forever? A diagnosis of yourself or a loved one? Triggers are everywhere. Anger is another conversation; substance abuse is just different levels of numbing.
When the heart opens, the imagination expands, the memory becomes more abstract, the mind grows, and one’s relationships acquire depth and complexity, this changes all relationships with all things. First, we identify who or what triggers your anxiety and/or depression. Are you living in isolation? Are you eating and sleeping properly? What is depression and what are the symptoms? Is it the time of year? The holidays? A recent loss? The end of something you thought would go on forever? A diagnosis of yourself or a loved one? Triggers are everywhere. Anger is another conversation; substance abuse is just different levels of numbing.
(405) 251-8642 View (405) 251-8642
Photo of Nan McGowen, MS, LADC-MH, PLLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in 73118, OK
Nan McGowen, MS, LADC-MH, PLLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LADC-MH
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
This work is my passion. In addition to working with individuals facing mental health issues such as depression, anxiety and difficulties with navigating life events I have specialized training in healing trauma, grief, childhood issues, and working with behavioral and substance addictions. I am deeply committed to respecting the dignity of each individual and creating a safe emotional environment to heal obstacles and difficulties in a positively focused way. I am committed to being culturally sensitive and aware of each individual's uniques assets and differences and helping them strengthen that as a part of who they are.
This work is my passion. In addition to working with individuals facing mental health issues such as depression, anxiety and difficulties with navigating life events I have specialized training in healing trauma, grief, childhood issues, and working with behavioral and substance addictions. I am deeply committed to respecting the dignity of each individual and creating a safe emotional environment to heal obstacles and difficulties in a positively focused way. I am committed to being culturally sensitive and aware of each individual's uniques assets and differences and helping them strengthen that as a part of who they are.
(405) 546-2316 View (405) 546-2316
Photo of Billy Thomas Samuel, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in 73118, OK
Billy Thomas Samuel
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, MA, LADC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
My goal is to work myself out of a job so you can live your life. I love what I do, I return calls on the same day, and my sessions often last the whole hour. I enjoy working with everyone, but I'm not the therapist for everyone. If you would like to schedule an appointment with me, please let me know.
My goal is to work myself out of a job so you can live your life. I love what I do, I return calls on the same day, and my sessions often last the whole hour. I enjoy working with everyone, but I'm not the therapist for everyone. If you would like to schedule an appointment with me, please let me know.
(405) 458-5924 View (405) 458-5924
Photo of Haley D'lane Turner in 73118, OK
Haley D'lane Turner
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
Life is hard and can be overwhelming. It is okay to admit that you need help, and it is brave of you to look for it. I welcome you to start your journey to overcome the challenges you may be feeling. My name is Haley Turner, and I am currently a student at Northcentral University, obtaining my Master’s Degree in Marriage and Family Therapy. I am currently in the middle of my internship under the Supervision of Mrs. Jennifer Marten, LMFT, and my clinical director at The Prevention Center, Mrs. Trina House. I am dedicated and passionate about helping individuals, couples, and families.
Life is hard and can be overwhelming. It is okay to admit that you need help, and it is brave of you to look for it. I welcome you to start your journey to overcome the challenges you may be feeling. My name is Haley Turner, and I am currently a student at Northcentral University, obtaining my Master’s Degree in Marriage and Family Therapy. I am currently in the middle of my internship under the Supervision of Mrs. Jennifer Marten, LMFT, and my clinical director at The Prevention Center, Mrs. Trina House. I am dedicated and passionate about helping individuals, couples, and families.
(405) 449-6794 View (405) 449-6794
Photo of LaDonna White, Licensed Professional Counselor in 73118, OK
LaDonna White
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
Not accepting new clients
Grieving a loss? Missing someone? Traumatized? Overwhelmed? I offer a client centered approach to individuals, couples, and families addressing everyday issues, personal growth, trauma, depression, and anxiety. You deserve an opportunity to speak your truth and be heard.I believe in empowering all to find their voice. Relationships are important, I help individuals recognize and improve their healthy and unhealthy behaviors.
Grieving a loss? Missing someone? Traumatized? Overwhelmed? I offer a client centered approach to individuals, couples, and families addressing everyday issues, personal growth, trauma, depression, and anxiety. You deserve an opportunity to speak your truth and be heard.I believe in empowering all to find their voice. Relationships are important, I help individuals recognize and improve their healthy and unhealthy behaviors.
(405) 445-6216 View (405) 445-6216
Photo of Ginny Starr, Licensed Professional Counselor in 73118, OK
Ginny Starr
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor in the OKC metro area with over 10 years experience working in social services, focusing on mental health the past 4 years. I enjoy working with adults, adolescents, families and couples with a variety of treatment needs, i.e. depression, anxiety, parenting, and relationship issues.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor in the OKC metro area with over 10 years experience working in social services, focusing on mental health the past 4 years. I enjoy working with adults, adolescents, families and couples with a variety of treatment needs, i.e. depression, anxiety, parenting, and relationship issues.
(405) 896-2173 View (405) 896-2173
Photo of Lisa M Schoelen, Licensed Professional Counselor in 73118, OK
Lisa M Schoelen
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
Not accepting new clients
I have a passion for meeting people were they are and aim to quickly build rapport. Using common humanity as a launching point we can identify values that drive you, curate your innate resilience, and harness the power of language and connection. Together we can safely unpack any problematic patterns, heal from trauma, and construct a new self narrative.
I have a passion for meeting people were they are and aim to quickly build rapport. Using common humanity as a launching point we can identify values that drive you, curate your innate resilience, and harness the power of language and connection. Together we can safely unpack any problematic patterns, heal from trauma, and construct a new self narrative.
(405) 251-8132 View (405) 251-8132
Photo of Sarah Allbright, Licensed Professional Counselor in 73118, OK
Sarah Allbright
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
Not accepting new clients
I believe that a person’s current symptoms and presenting issues have meaning, and should be carefully considered in the context of their life history, cultural landscape, and relational settings. I offer psychodynamic, trauma informed therapy with an emphasis on facilitating a safe relationship in which new understanding can emerge. I believe in every individual’s capacity for growth and change, and am committed to working with you collaboratively towards your goals.
I believe that a person’s current symptoms and presenting issues have meaning, and should be carefully considered in the context of their life history, cultural landscape, and relational settings. I offer psychodynamic, trauma informed therapy with an emphasis on facilitating a safe relationship in which new understanding can emerge. I believe in every individual’s capacity for growth and change, and am committed to working with you collaboratively towards your goals.
(405) 458-8923 View (405) 458-8923
Photo of Katelyn Lamb-Swanigan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 73118, OK
Katelyn Lamb-Swanigan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
Not accepting new clients
On a waitlist for new clients at this time. What our kids experience and learn in their early years becomes the way they live in and make sense of the world. From family conflict, grief, divorce, or adoption to mental health or school challenges, I believe in the healing power of making children feel heard, known, and valued. It is a privilege to be with families in their parenting journey - however and wherever it is going. From toddlers to pre-teens, I enjoy working with kids of all ages, identities, and needs.
On a waitlist for new clients at this time. What our kids experience and learn in their early years becomes the way they live in and make sense of the world. From family conflict, grief, divorce, or adoption to mental health or school challenges, I believe in the healing power of making children feel heard, known, and valued. It is a privilege to be with families in their parenting journey - however and wherever it is going. From toddlers to pre-teens, I enjoy working with kids of all ages, identities, and needs.
(405) 817-4237 View (405) 817-4237
Photo of Racheal Singley, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 73118, OK
Racheal Singley
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
Quick Note: I am accepting clients for sessions that need a laid-back, supportive, and straightforward environment. I'm here to assist you in processing the shit you are going through while helping you learn to manage your thoughts and regulate your emotions. When we work together, our aim is to help you embrace and celebrate your uniqueness, while empowering you to take control of your life in a positive way. As we collaborate, we will identify recurring patterns that hold significance in your experiences. From there, you will gain moments of insight that will prepare you to break free from those unwanted cycles.
Quick Note: I am accepting clients for sessions that need a laid-back, supportive, and straightforward environment. I'm here to assist you in processing the shit you are going through while helping you learn to manage your thoughts and regulate your emotions. When we work together, our aim is to help you embrace and celebrate your uniqueness, while empowering you to take control of your life in a positive way. As we collaborate, we will identify recurring patterns that hold significance in your experiences. From there, you will gain moments of insight that will prepare you to break free from those unwanted cycles.
(405) 446-8602 View (405) 446-8602
Photo of Jennifer Powers, Licensed Professional Counselor in 73118, OK
Jennifer Powers
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC-S
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
As a depth counselor, I assist clients who need deep healing from trauma, anxiety, depression, and other wounds to find wholeness in Self and relationships again. It takes a lot of courage to shine a light into the darkest places within, and to uncover and work with the roots of our pain. I truly believe even the most difficult symptoms hold gifts for us, and its my life's work to provide the space for my clients to face the scariest parts of being human, find those gifts, and turn the uncovered material into the stuff they need to move from surviving to actually thriving.
As a depth counselor, I assist clients who need deep healing from trauma, anxiety, depression, and other wounds to find wholeness in Self and relationships again. It takes a lot of courage to shine a light into the darkest places within, and to uncover and work with the roots of our pain. I truly believe even the most difficult symptoms hold gifts for us, and its my life's work to provide the space for my clients to face the scariest parts of being human, find those gifts, and turn the uncovered material into the stuff they need to move from surviving to actually thriving.
(405) 679-2791 View (405) 679-2791
Photo of Trina House, Licensed Professional Counselor in 73118, OK
Trina House
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LPC-S
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
TEENAGERS ARE CRAZY! Well at least it seems like it for a few years. Raising a teenager can be a roller coaster ride, exciting and a little scary. Typically teens experience an enormous amount physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual growth during these years. Providing teens with the opportunity to take part in their own counseling allows them to further develop skills which promote independence. The Prevention Center, LLC will help your child improve their overall functioning at home, school, within the family, and with peers/social environment. We provide adolescent counseling to children ages 12- 18.
TEENAGERS ARE CRAZY! Well at least it seems like it for a few years. Raising a teenager can be a roller coaster ride, exciting and a little scary. Typically teens experience an enormous amount physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual growth during these years. Providing teens with the opportunity to take part in their own counseling allows them to further develop skills which promote independence. The Prevention Center, LLC will help your child improve their overall functioning at home, school, within the family, and with peers/social environment. We provide adolescent counseling to children ages 12- 18.
(405) 458-8908 View (405) 458-8908
Photo of Dr. Beau Leaf in 73118, OK
Dr. Beau Leaf
EdD
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
I provide mental skills training interventions for athletes aged 13 - adulthood. I’ve worked with athletes at all levels including: adolescent, collegiate, Olympic, and professional. The techniques I provide include visualization skills, goal setting, self-talk strategies, and more to improve mental toughness, confidence, and overall performance related deficits in sport.
I provide mental skills training interventions for athletes aged 13 - adulthood. I’ve worked with athletes at all levels including: adolescent, collegiate, Olympic, and professional. The techniques I provide include visualization skills, goal setting, self-talk strategies, and more to improve mental toughness, confidence, and overall performance related deficits in sport.
(405) 956-3155 View (405) 956-3155
Photo of Crystal A Hawkins, Licensed Professional Counselor in 73118, OK
Crystal A Hawkins
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
Not accepting new clients
What if I told you that you could do talk therapy for years BUT if you don't address your MIND and BODY - not much will change? When we experience trauma, so does our body! In fact, our body is re-living the trauma long after the event is over. Our current physical, mental and emotional state are all clues, to what our body needs to process, to fully heal. Since our body remembers, it's important our body has a chance to process and feel safe again. Safety and comfort are the main principles to heal from all past trauma. Feeling safe again allows your mind and body to fully embrace healing.
What if I told you that you could do talk therapy for years BUT if you don't address your MIND and BODY - not much will change? When we experience trauma, so does our body! In fact, our body is re-living the trauma long after the event is over. Our current physical, mental and emotional state are all clues, to what our body needs to process, to fully heal. Since our body remembers, it's important our body has a chance to process and feel safe again. Safety and comfort are the main principles to heal from all past trauma. Feeling safe again allows your mind and body to fully embrace healing.
(405) 698-0706 View (405) 698-0706
Photo of Kathryn Roesler, Licensed Professional Counselor in 73118, OK
Kathryn Roesler
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA , LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
Sometimes we feel like we are broken into a million pieces. Looking at the pieces feels overwhelming and exhausting. It feels like we cannot do this on our own but we don't want to be a burden on others. Having someone help put the pieces back together can help us feel more whole. Taking a step towards healing is a starting with a helping hand. I am a Licensed Therapist with 5+ years of experience and I am formally trained in EMDR. I like to look at the root cause of our distress and what made us who we are.
Sometimes we feel like we are broken into a million pieces. Looking at the pieces feels overwhelming and exhausting. It feels like we cannot do this on our own but we don't want to be a burden on others. Having someone help put the pieces back together can help us feel more whole. Taking a step towards healing is a starting with a helping hand. I am a Licensed Therapist with 5+ years of experience and I am formally trained in EMDR. I like to look at the root cause of our distress and what made us who we are.
(405) 554-2559 View (405) 554-2559
Photo of Katherine Long in 73118, OK
Katherine Long
CMS, CHT, FIBH
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
Katherine Long, CMS-CHt, FIBH is a certified Clinical Hypnotherapist with 500 hours of instruction including advanced training as a medical support specialist. Katherine's goal is to heal the world, one mind at a time. She focuses on empowering authentic self-expression and helping her clients live life from a place of unlimited potential.
Katherine Long, CMS-CHt, FIBH is a certified Clinical Hypnotherapist with 500 hours of instruction including advanced training as a medical support specialist. Katherine's goal is to heal the world, one mind at a time. She focuses on empowering authentic self-expression and helping her clients live life from a place of unlimited potential.
View
Photo of Shauna Murray, Licensed Professional Counselor in 73118, OK
Shauna Murray
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC-S
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
Not accepting new clients
Sometimes life brings you experiences that are less than ideal. Afterwards, you can be left feeling lost, sad, lonely, afraid - it may feel overwhelming, like nothing will ever be okay again. Other times, things may be going just fine, but you find yourself wanting more, wanting to know yourself on a deeper level and find wholeness in a way you have not been able to before. As a depth counselor, I have passion for clients in both groups. People who crave healing from any of life’s wounds and people who desire more depth and meaning in their lives.
Sometimes life brings you experiences that are less than ideal. Afterwards, you can be left feeling lost, sad, lonely, afraid - it may feel overwhelming, like nothing will ever be okay again. Other times, things may be going just fine, but you find yourself wanting more, wanting to know yourself on a deeper level and find wholeness in a way you have not been able to before. As a depth counselor, I have passion for clients in both groups. People who crave healing from any of life’s wounds and people who desire more depth and meaning in their lives.
(405) 358-2734 View (405) 358-2734
Photo of Corby Thompson, Psychologist in 73118, OK
Corby Thompson
Psychologist, PhD, LPC-S, HSP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
Welcome! I have several therapeutic interests, including couples work and working with individuals experiencing depression, anxiety, bipolar symptoms (depression and mania), trauma histories, performance issues (e.g., sexual, work, athletic, and academic), relational or personality problems, and spirituality issues. Assessment Interests: I provide evaluation services for children (8+) and adults who are suspected to have ADHD, learning/academic disorders, intellectual disabilities, mood disorders, and personality disorders. See more about my practice, view my openings, and schedule an appointment online at okpsychcenter.com.
Welcome! I have several therapeutic interests, including couples work and working with individuals experiencing depression, anxiety, bipolar symptoms (depression and mania), trauma histories, performance issues (e.g., sexual, work, athletic, and academic), relational or personality problems, and spirituality issues. Assessment Interests: I provide evaluation services for children (8+) and adults who are suspected to have ADHD, learning/academic disorders, intellectual disabilities, mood disorders, and personality disorders. See more about my practice, view my openings, and schedule an appointment online at okpsychcenter.com.
(405) 689-8609 View (405) 689-8609
Photo of Kay M. Ludwig, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 73118, OK
Kay M. Ludwig
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oklahoma City, OK 73118
Life is an ongoing journey towards wholeness. Along that road, we experience expected and unexpected changes that can cause us to question who we are and exactly where we’re going. I have been a practicing psychotherapist for 30+ years, focusing on helping people understand who they are and how their life experiences have shaped them. Symptoms like anxiety and depression are signals. Psychotherapy isn’t a quick fix, but a journey of exploration to achieve deeper self understanding, which can unlock the stuckness and lead to greater emotional freedom. I believe it to be the best investment we can make towards healthier living.
Life is an ongoing journey towards wholeness. Along that road, we experience expected and unexpected changes that can cause us to question who we are and exactly where we’re going. I have been a practicing psychotherapist for 30+ years, focusing on helping people understand who they are and how their life experiences have shaped them. Symptoms like anxiety and depression are signals. Psychotherapy isn’t a quick fix, but a journey of exploration to achieve deeper self understanding, which can unlock the stuckness and lead to greater emotional freedom. I believe it to be the best investment we can make towards healthier living.
(405) 369-5501 View (405) 369-5501

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 73118

60+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in 73118 who prioritize treating:

87% Anxiety
82% Depression
76% Relationship Issues
76% Self Esteem
74% Trauma and PTSD
63% Family Conflict
63% Stress

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

71% BlueCross and BlueShield
69% Health Choice
44% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 73118 see their clients

89% In Person and Online
11% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
19% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 73118?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.