Therapists in 55415

Photo of Charlie Breslin, Pre-Licensed Professional in 55415, MN
Charlie Breslin
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55415
I am most excited to work with members of the LGBTQ+ community. I recognize that many of us have experienced trauma, relationship challenges, and discrimination, and that our healing cannot be separated from our identities. I'm particularly interested in self-image and self-esteem, interpersonal relationships, neurodivergence, and disability.
I am most excited to work with members of the LGBTQ+ community. I recognize that many of us have experienced trauma, relationship challenges, and discrimination, and that our healing cannot be separated from our identities. I'm particularly interested in self-image and self-esteem, interpersonal relationships, neurodivergence, and disability.
(612) 887-9711 View (612) 887-9711
Photo of Rachel Munson, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in 55415, MN
Rachel Munson
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, MA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55415  (Online Only)
What has happened in your life that makes you see the world differently than me? We all have unique life experiences that are sometimes difficult to navigate alone. I believe that healing happens in relationship, and seek to provide a supportive and encouraging environment where you are free to express frustrations, fears, resentments, or concerns that you may be experiencing. I am committed to building a strong relationship with clients by offering support and encouragement. As humans, I believe that we are created to be in relationship. The therapeutic process should be highly collaborative between the therapist and the client.
What has happened in your life that makes you see the world differently than me? We all have unique life experiences that are sometimes difficult to navigate alone. I believe that healing happens in relationship, and seek to provide a supportive and encouraging environment where you are free to express frustrations, fears, resentments, or concerns that you may be experiencing. I am committed to building a strong relationship with clients by offering support and encouragement. As humans, I believe that we are created to be in relationship. The therapeutic process should be highly collaborative between the therapist and the client.
(612) 482-3948 View (612) 482-3948
Photo of Adam Sattler, Psychologist in 55415, MN
Adam Sattler
Psychologist, PhD, LP
Verified
2 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55415  (Online Only)
Have you ever had that moment when you're at the mirror, staring at yourself and you wonder, “how did I get here?” Maybe you’re navigating a divorce/breakup, intense work stress, or having difficulty making sense of past trauma. Perhaps you struggle to "open up", or you rarely speak your mind because you're afraid of being judged or upsetting others. You may also be extremely hard on yourself, to the point you’ve become your own worst enemy. So, to cope with all of this, you might turn to substance abuse, overworking, isolation or spend too much time online. But what if it doesn't have to be this way?
Have you ever had that moment when you're at the mirror, staring at yourself and you wonder, “how did I get here?” Maybe you’re navigating a divorce/breakup, intense work stress, or having difficulty making sense of past trauma. Perhaps you struggle to "open up", or you rarely speak your mind because you're afraid of being judged or upsetting others. You may also be extremely hard on yourself, to the point you’ve become your own worst enemy. So, to cope with all of this, you might turn to substance abuse, overworking, isolation or spend too much time online. But what if it doesn't have to be this way?
(612) 324-1383 View (612) 324-1383
Photo of Lee Start, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55415, MN
Lee Start
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW, LADC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55415
I am dually licensed as a licensed clinical social worker and an alcohol and drug counselor which I practice from a harm reduction approach. I have experience with group and individual therapy specific to religious trauma, adverse religious experiences, and faith transitions, and my goal is to support those in the LGBTQIA+ community in navigating the impacts on identity at that intersection. My passion for this work is driven by my identity as a genderqueer human, and both my personal and professional experience in this area.
I am dually licensed as a licensed clinical social worker and an alcohol and drug counselor which I practice from a harm reduction approach. I have experience with group and individual therapy specific to religious trauma, adverse religious experiences, and faith transitions, and my goal is to support those in the LGBTQIA+ community in navigating the impacts on identity at that intersection. My passion for this work is driven by my identity as a genderqueer human, and both my personal and professional experience in this area.
(612) 445-3657 View (612) 445-3657
Photo of Emersyn Goetz, Pre-Licensed Professional in 55415, MN
Emersyn Goetz
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55415
Waitlist for new clients
Hi there! My name is Emersyn (they/them), and I am presently completing my Master of Social Work at the University of Minnesota. I aim to practice therapy with a relational and strengths-based approach while also recognizing the various systems of oppression that we live under. I believe that every human is inherently worthy of connection and care, and I hope to cultivate a space where you feel safe, seen, and heard.
Hi there! My name is Emersyn (they/them), and I am presently completing my Master of Social Work at the University of Minnesota. I aim to practice therapy with a relational and strengths-based approach while also recognizing the various systems of oppression that we live under. I believe that every human is inherently worthy of connection and care, and I hope to cultivate a space where you feel safe, seen, and heard.
(612) 778-2119 View (612) 778-2119
Photo of Nicole Parsons, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55415, MN
Nicole Parsons
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LGSW
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55415
Waitlist for new clients
Hi there! I’m Nicole (they/them), a Licensed Graduate Social Worker (LGSW). I have a BA in psychology and a Master of Social Work (MSW) degree from St. Catherine University. My therapeutic approach is relational, collaborative, and affirming. I recognize the role that systems of oppression have on well-being and thus strive to center anti-oppressive and liberatory practices in my work. I also work from a trauma-informed, attachment-based, harm reductive, and sex-positive lens.
Hi there! I’m Nicole (they/them), a Licensed Graduate Social Worker (LGSW). I have a BA in psychology and a Master of Social Work (MSW) degree from St. Catherine University. My therapeutic approach is relational, collaborative, and affirming. I recognize the role that systems of oppression have on well-being and thus strive to center anti-oppressive and liberatory practices in my work. I also work from a trauma-informed, attachment-based, harm reductive, and sex-positive lens.
(651) 240-1394 View (651) 240-1394
Photo of Christy Rushfeldt, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55415, MN
Christy Rushfeldt
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, LADC
Verified
7 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55415
Waitlist for new clients
I'm a Licensed Independent Clinical Social Worker (21952) and Licensed Alcohol and Drug Counselor (303042). I work from a trauma aware, person centered, sex positive and harm reduction based perspective. I am queer identified and use she, her and hers pronouns. If you've found my profile, welcome and I look forward to learning more about you. Most of my experience is in working with people with a history of traumatic experiences, people who want to discuss/potentially make changes to their substance use, LGBTQIA + people and people living with or impacted by HIV.
I'm a Licensed Independent Clinical Social Worker (21952) and Licensed Alcohol and Drug Counselor (303042). I work from a trauma aware, person centered, sex positive and harm reduction based perspective. I am queer identified and use she, her and hers pronouns. If you've found my profile, welcome and I look forward to learning more about you. Most of my experience is in working with people with a history of traumatic experiences, people who want to discuss/potentially make changes to their substance use, LGBTQIA + people and people living with or impacted by HIV.
(612) 260-5702 View (612) 260-5702
Photo of Nicolette Ulstrom, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55415, MN
Nicolette Ulstrom
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55415
You are wondering who you are, without being in a relationship, and how jarringly painful it is to just be YOU. You can’t stand being in your own thoughts or your own skin and find yourself picking apart what you look like, conversations you have that make you feel embarrassed, painful ways you haven’t said “no” or walked away and ultimately, deep down, being angry at YOU for struggling with this in the first place. After working together, you will be able to have an unbreakable trust with your inner voice and a calm and centered relationship with YOU.
You are wondering who you are, without being in a relationship, and how jarringly painful it is to just be YOU. You can’t stand being in your own thoughts or your own skin and find yourself picking apart what you look like, conversations you have that make you feel embarrassed, painful ways you haven’t said “no” or walked away and ultimately, deep down, being angry at YOU for struggling with this in the first place. After working together, you will be able to have an unbreakable trust with your inner voice and a calm and centered relationship with YOU.
(218) 514-6971 View (218) 514-6971
Photo of Muno Ashiro, Pre-Licensed Professional in 55415, MN
Muno Ashiro
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55415
I am passionate about working with children, adolescents, and adults who are facing social, emotional and behavioral challenges. My specialty is in helping my clients to overcome issues with anxiety, depression, self-esteem and ADHD.
I am passionate about working with children, adolescents, and adults who are facing social, emotional and behavioral challenges. My specialty is in helping my clients to overcome issues with anxiety, depression, self-esteem and ADHD.
(612) 778-3169 View (612) 778-3169
Photo of Tito Oca Catuncan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55415, MN
Tito Oca Catuncan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55415
Do you feel alone in your struggles, whether those are battling depression or anxiety, exploring sexuality, navigating cultural generational divides in your family, avoiding burnout, or how to survive/thrive amidst racism, sexism, queerphobia, transphobia, and other isms? I work with clients to create a safer and more affirming space to explore their identities, navigate complex relationships, and address the effects of systemic oppression, discrimination, and trauma on mental health.
Do you feel alone in your struggles, whether those are battling depression or anxiety, exploring sexuality, navigating cultural generational divides in your family, avoiding burnout, or how to survive/thrive amidst racism, sexism, queerphobia, transphobia, and other isms? I work with clients to create a safer and more affirming space to explore their identities, navigate complex relationships, and address the effects of systemic oppression, discrimination, and trauma on mental health.
(612) 255-6685 View (612) 255-6685
Photo of Elise Davidson in 55415, MN
Elise Davidson
LPCC
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55415  (Online Only)
Experience how to improve and manage your mental health using tested, effective strategies - So You Can Live the Life You Want. Is anxiety and avoidance of fearful situations making it feel like your world is shrinking? At CBT Solutions, LLC, we can help you expand your life by supporting you to make changes in your behaviors and thinking patterns. This can have a positive impact on your mood and your ability to live your life fully, without mental health symptoms holding you back. We specialize in treating teens and adults with anxiety, OCD, and eating disorders. CBT Solutions provides effective online therapy serving all of Minnesota.
Experience how to improve and manage your mental health using tested, effective strategies - So You Can Live the Life You Want. Is anxiety and avoidance of fearful situations making it feel like your world is shrinking? At CBT Solutions, LLC, we can help you expand your life by supporting you to make changes in your behaviors and thinking patterns. This can have a positive impact on your mood and your ability to live your life fully, without mental health symptoms holding you back. We specialize in treating teens and adults with anxiety, OCD, and eating disorders. CBT Solutions provides effective online therapy serving all of Minnesota.
(612) 361-4735 View (612) 361-4735
Photo of Carden Olson, Pre-Licensed Professional in 55415, MN
Carden Olson
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55415  (Online Only)
Hi there! My name is Carden (they/he), and I am a clinical trainee at Rainbow Health. I am working under the supervision of Leah Bonine, LICSW, and I am so excited to start the journey of therapy with you. I enjoy getting to know individuals for who they are because we all come from different ways of thinking and viewing the world. I believe that we each hold the capacity for change, and that we are the experts of our own lives, it's only a matter of discovering what clicks in order to see change happen.
Hi there! My name is Carden (they/he), and I am a clinical trainee at Rainbow Health. I am working under the supervision of Leah Bonine, LICSW, and I am so excited to start the journey of therapy with you. I enjoy getting to know individuals for who they are because we all come from different ways of thinking and viewing the world. I believe that we each hold the capacity for change, and that we are the experts of our own lives, it's only a matter of discovering what clicks in order to see change happen.
(612) 662-3262 View (612) 662-3262
Photo of Michael Grewatz, Pre-Licensed Professional in 55415, MN
Michael Grewatz
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55415
I am clinical trainee at Rainbow Health under the supervision of Leah Bonine (LICSW). My values center around decolonization, anti-racism, and social justice. As a queer and non-binary person myself, I understand the need for validating, judgement-free, and shame-free spaces where we can feel liberated to be our full authentic selves, an environment I strive to build in therapy. I am passionate about working with other queer-identifying individuals overcome interpersonal and structural barriers associated with their identities.
I am clinical trainee at Rainbow Health under the supervision of Leah Bonine (LICSW). My values center around decolonization, anti-racism, and social justice. As a queer and non-binary person myself, I understand the need for validating, judgement-free, and shame-free spaces where we can feel liberated to be our full authentic selves, an environment I strive to build in therapy. I am passionate about working with other queer-identifying individuals overcome interpersonal and structural barriers associated with their identities.
(612) 482-1686 View (612) 482-1686
Photo of Ginny Aumann, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55415, MN
Ginny Aumann
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LGSW
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55415  (Online Only)
My therapy style is relational and casual. I like to use humor and aim to be collaborative—if there’s something I can do or learn about to better help you, I want to hear it. Likewise, we all make mistakes, including therapists, so I strive to talk those through with you and help build a stronger therapeutic relationship. I hope to challenge the client/therapist power dynamic, meaning you are the expert on your life and our sessions should be guided by what you want and need. I love working with folks on exploring aspects of their identity and discussing ways oppressive systems show up in our lives.
My therapy style is relational and casual. I like to use humor and aim to be collaborative—if there’s something I can do or learn about to better help you, I want to hear it. Likewise, we all make mistakes, including therapists, so I strive to talk those through with you and help build a stronger therapeutic relationship. I hope to challenge the client/therapist power dynamic, meaning you are the expert on your life and our sessions should be guided by what you want and need. I love working with folks on exploring aspects of their identity and discussing ways oppressive systems show up in our lives.
(612) 999-2702 View (612) 999-2702
Photo of Jonathan Wolfgram, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55415, MN
Jonathan Wolfgram
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LGSW
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55415
Someone who would best fit my practice is someone who is motivated to create change in their life, even if they aren't sure how to do that yet. Someone who is seeking help with improving their mental health, working toward a personal or professional goal, coping with stressors of daily life, and/or wanting a space to be seen and heard would do well in my practice. I have experience working with a variety of goals including mental health, addiction, trauma, life transitions, as well as clients looking to explore spirituality, LGBTQ identities, gender and sexuality, as well as aging.
Someone who would best fit my practice is someone who is motivated to create change in their life, even if they aren't sure how to do that yet. Someone who is seeking help with improving their mental health, working toward a personal or professional goal, coping with stressors of daily life, and/or wanting a space to be seen and heard would do well in my practice. I have experience working with a variety of goals including mental health, addiction, trauma, life transitions, as well as clients looking to explore spirituality, LGBTQ identities, gender and sexuality, as well as aging.
(651) 417-0402 View (651) 417-0402
Photo of Ashley Brauer, Psychologist in 55415, MN
Ashley Brauer
Psychologist, PhD, LP, DBSM
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55415  (Online Only)
I am a clinical psychologist specializing in health and performance psychology, including concerns related to performance, sleep, & injury. My approach is driven by evidence-based treatments including cognitive behavioral and related modalities (e.g., mindfulness-based therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, motivational interviewing.)
I am a clinical psychologist specializing in health and performance psychology, including concerns related to performance, sleep, & injury. My approach is driven by evidence-based treatments including cognitive behavioral and related modalities (e.g., mindfulness-based therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, motivational interviewing.)
(612) 712-3853 View (612) 712-3853
Photo of Warren A. Taylor, Pre-Licensed Professional in 55415, MN
Warren A. Taylor
Pre-Licensed Professional, PhD, CAND
Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55415
Accepting new clients experiencing mental health challenges like depression, anger, anxiety, and mood disorders, it's crucial to explore your issues, needs, goals, and desires. Therapies such as CBT, DBT, and ACT can be helpful. If you're battling negative thoughts, poor coping skills, low self-esteem, and difficulty managing relationships and emotions. I'll provide support, validation, and guidance in teaching healthier thinking, managing emotions, and finding purpose. I will collaborate with you to discover distress relief, new coping strategies, improved self-esteem, fulfilling relationships, and a higher quality of life.
Accepting new clients experiencing mental health challenges like depression, anger, anxiety, and mood disorders, it's crucial to explore your issues, needs, goals, and desires. Therapies such as CBT, DBT, and ACT can be helpful. If you're battling negative thoughts, poor coping skills, low self-esteem, and difficulty managing relationships and emotions. I'll provide support, validation, and guidance in teaching healthier thinking, managing emotions, and finding purpose. I will collaborate with you to discover distress relief, new coping strategies, improved self-esteem, fulfilling relationships, and a higher quality of life.
(612) 445-2128 View (612) 445-2128
Photo of Meriam Njah, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 55415, MN
Meriam Njah
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, LAMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55415
When you need a new approach and a way forward in your relationship, relief, support, or healing, I can help. I work with couples, families, (and occasionally individuals) who may feel stuck in their relationship and want to find a new way forward. Growing up, I spent a lot of my time trying to understand relationships: the small things that make them work, and the things that don’t. I was mostly trying to figure it out for myself, and in the process found my calling helping others do the same in therapy.
When you need a new approach and a way forward in your relationship, relief, support, or healing, I can help. I work with couples, families, (and occasionally individuals) who may feel stuck in their relationship and want to find a new way forward. Growing up, I spent a lot of my time trying to understand relationships: the small things that make them work, and the things that don’t. I was mostly trying to figure it out for myself, and in the process found my calling helping others do the same in therapy.
(651) 661-4961 View (651) 661-4961
Photo of Lauren Roth Certified Autism Specialist, Licensed Professional Counselor in 55415, MN
Lauren Roth Certified Autism Specialist
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, NCC, CAS
Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55415  (Online Only)
I believe in Temple Grandin's declaration, "I am different, not less." As a Certified Autism Specialist, I enjoy working with those who are neurodivergent thinkers, have an Autism or ADHD diagnosis, or who share traits with ASD/ADHD. My Texas-based therapy practice aims for you to feel supported, respected, and guided to find wellness and growth in your life. Are you wanting to improve your relationships, or share with others your truest self? I'd love to help. In addition to in-person, you can meet with me via telehealth throughout the states of Texas and Minnesota.
I believe in Temple Grandin's declaration, "I am different, not less." As a Certified Autism Specialist, I enjoy working with those who are neurodivergent thinkers, have an Autism or ADHD diagnosis, or who share traits with ASD/ADHD. My Texas-based therapy practice aims for you to feel supported, respected, and guided to find wellness and growth in your life. Are you wanting to improve your relationships, or share with others your truest self? I'd love to help. In addition to in-person, you can meet with me via telehealth throughout the states of Texas and Minnesota.
(469) 382-5024 View (469) 382-5024
Photo of Faryal Khan, Pre-Licensed Professional in 55415, MN
Faryal Khan
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55415  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
"I am not crazy," is the first thing many hear when thinking of mental health. Mental health is less about being crazy and more about over all well-being. Research shows that expressing ourselves can lead to positive change and better understanding of ourselves. During our journey together, I respect my clients by bringing in a culturally informed and non-judgmental lens, utilizing personal, religious/spiritual, and/or cultural strengths approach to healing. Together we will work on listening to our bodies and minds, integrating both in ways that bring positivity and restoration to ourselves and our relationships.
"I am not crazy," is the first thing many hear when thinking of mental health. Mental health is less about being crazy and more about over all well-being. Research shows that expressing ourselves can lead to positive change and better understanding of ourselves. During our journey together, I respect my clients by bringing in a culturally informed and non-judgmental lens, utilizing personal, religious/spiritual, and/or cultural strengths approach to healing. Together we will work on listening to our bodies and minds, integrating both in ways that bring positivity and restoration to ourselves and our relationships.
(763) 265-6102 View (763) 265-6102

See more therapy options for 55415

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 55415

40+

Average cost per session

$180

Therapists in 55415 who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
88% Depression
83% Relationship Issues
77% Stress
75% Trauma and PTSD
75% Self Esteem
67% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

5 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

85% BlueCross and BlueShield
85% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
85% UCare

How Therapists in 55415 see their clients

69% In Person and Online
31% Online Only

Gender breakdown

62% Female
20% Male
18% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 55415?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.