Therapists in 55402

Photo of Valerie Golden, Psychologist in 55402, MN
Valerie Golden
Psychologist, JD, PhD, LP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55402
Depression and anxiety can impede our careers, relationships, self confidence, success and happiness. If you feel unmotivated, disappointed in self or others, envious, or unsure of yourself, there may be powerful root causes lying just outside your awareness. Often I can help, even if other attempts have failed. How do you choose a therapist? Training and experience matter. I trained at Stanford and Columbia, finished 2 postdoctoral fellowships, completed full psychoanalytic training, and have practiced for 25+ years. While therapy is never a quick fix, it can lead to greater success and happiness. Offering teletherapy nationwide.
Depression and anxiety can impede our careers, relationships, self confidence, success and happiness. If you feel unmotivated, disappointed in self or others, envious, or unsure of yourself, there may be powerful root causes lying just outside your awareness. Often I can help, even if other attempts have failed. How do you choose a therapist? Training and experience matter. I trained at Stanford and Columbia, finished 2 postdoctoral fellowships, completed full psychoanalytic training, and have practiced for 25+ years. While therapy is never a quick fix, it can lead to greater success and happiness. Offering teletherapy nationwide.
(612) 559-3300 View (612) 559-3300
Photo of Roger Pollock, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55402, MN
Roger Pollock
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, LISW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55402
Waitlist for new clients
My mission is to genuinely share myself with others so that we can reach higher levels of understanding and experience acceptance, commitment, and hope. We are doing the best we can, with what we have, in this moment and we can do better, being more motivated to change. With a dialectical perspective, drawing from the principles of Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), I focus on helping my clients achieve their goals and create a life worth living.In my work, I connect with adolescents, families, and young adults, offering a radically genuine relationship that helps them discover that hope and recovery are possible.
My mission is to genuinely share myself with others so that we can reach higher levels of understanding and experience acceptance, commitment, and hope. We are doing the best we can, with what we have, in this moment and we can do better, being more motivated to change. With a dialectical perspective, drawing from the principles of Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), I focus on helping my clients achieve their goals and create a life worth living.In my work, I connect with adolescents, families, and young adults, offering a radically genuine relationship that helps them discover that hope and recovery are possible.
(612) 662-5680 View (612) 662-5680
Photo of Amanda Sargent, Licensed Professional Counselor in 55402, MN
Amanda Sargent
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55402  (Online Only)
Schedule with Amanda on her website! Amanda is a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Minnesota with a Master of Science in Mental Health Counseling from Viterbo University, graduating in 2019. She offers individual and family therapy for various age groups, specializing in stress management, anxiety, depression, ADHD, and trauma. With previous experience as a level 4 service intensity clinician, Amanda excels in addressing challenging emotions and disruptive behaviors in young children, providing essential support to their families.
Schedule with Amanda on her website! Amanda is a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Minnesota with a Master of Science in Mental Health Counseling from Viterbo University, graduating in 2019. She offers individual and family therapy for various age groups, specializing in stress management, anxiety, depression, ADHD, and trauma. With previous experience as a level 4 service intensity clinician, Amanda excels in addressing challenging emotions and disruptive behaviors in young children, providing essential support to their families.
(612) 662-4254 View (612) 662-4254
Photo of Dr. Mitch and Lisa Marriages/Couples Workshops in 55402, MN
Dr. Mitch and Lisa Marriages/Couples Workshops
PsyD, MSW, Life, Coach
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55402
Relationships in Crisis: We Have Several Private Couples/Marriage Workshops & Individual Sessions, in order to Rapidly Accelerate Your Healing & Your Communication Process (Traditional 45 min. session Simply Does Not Work). During these 2 to 4 weeks, we will see both of you Together & Individually, as well as Help each of you Learn the Art of Empathy, Sensitivity & Compassion. These Workshops are Informative & Powerful, in order to Accelerate the Healing Process & Stop any further Damage from Occurring. In Addition, Our Success RATE is 85% of Our Couples that have Successfully Completed Our Couples Workshops or Alcohol Treatment.
Relationships in Crisis: We Have Several Private Couples/Marriage Workshops & Individual Sessions, in order to Rapidly Accelerate Your Healing & Your Communication Process (Traditional 45 min. session Simply Does Not Work). During these 2 to 4 weeks, we will see both of you Together & Individually, as well as Help each of you Learn the Art of Empathy, Sensitivity & Compassion. These Workshops are Informative & Powerful, in order to Accelerate the Healing Process & Stop any further Damage from Occurring. In Addition, Our Success RATE is 85% of Our Couples that have Successfully Completed Our Couples Workshops or Alcohol Treatment.
(651) 615-8095 View (651) 615-8095
Photo of Travis Mathias, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55402, MN
Travis Mathias
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55402
I'm a licensed mental health professional, holding an MSW from the University of Northern Iowa (2017) and dual bachelor's degrees in Psychology and Sociology (2014). My treatment approach prioritizes evidence-based methods that emphasize skill development and practical behavioral solutions.
I'm a licensed mental health professional, holding an MSW from the University of Northern Iowa (2017) and dual bachelor's degrees in Psychology and Sociology (2014). My treatment approach prioritizes evidence-based methods that emphasize skill development and practical behavioral solutions.
(763) 230-0679 View (763) 230-0679
Photo of Robert L Reis II, Psychologist in 55402, MN
Robert L Reis II
Psychologist, PhD, LP
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55402
Waitlist for new clients
I can help you deal with your pain, celebrate your joys, and manage the day to day. I believe that we are partners in the counseling process, and together we can figure out what works best for you. Some special interest areas include working with life transitions and adjustment, exploring values and identity, working with depression and anxiety, working with individuals that identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender, and working with men. Please contact me to discuss how I can help you meet your goals.
I can help you deal with your pain, celebrate your joys, and manage the day to day. I believe that we are partners in the counseling process, and together we can figure out what works best for you. Some special interest areas include working with life transitions and adjustment, exploring values and identity, working with depression and anxiety, working with individuals that identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender, and working with men. Please contact me to discuss how I can help you meet your goals.
(612) 255-6618 View (612) 255-6618
Photo of Raye McPhillips Eyrich, Psychologist in 55402, MN
Raye McPhillips Eyrich
Psychologist, PhD, LP, LLC
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55402  (Online Only)
Most people want to live peaceful and productive lives, but sometimes worry, sadness, frustration, and relationship difficulties get in the way. If you struggle with feeling down, or feeling anxious, or are having trouble in your relationships with loved ones or friends or coworkers, I may be able to help you find new ways to cope, and to break through the obstacles standing in your way.
Most people want to live peaceful and productive lives, but sometimes worry, sadness, frustration, and relationship difficulties get in the way. If you struggle with feeling down, or feeling anxious, or are having trouble in your relationships with loved ones or friends or coworkers, I may be able to help you find new ways to cope, and to break through the obstacles standing in your way.
(612) 568-4909 View (612) 568-4909
Photo of Ann L. P. Steely, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55402, MN
Ann L. P. Steely
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW, LADC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55402
My name is Ann L. P. Steely and I am a clinical social worker and owner of Heartland Psychotherapy. I specialize in working with adolescents/adults in individual and family therapy. My focus in therapy is on my relationship with you, understanding what you need as an individual, and using this understanding to help you find insight into how to make the changes you want to make in your life. Psychotherapy is a process of working together towards healing and change. I will help you understand yourself authentically and find greater ease through the exploration of your emotional experience, thoughts, behaviors, and relationships.
My name is Ann L. P. Steely and I am a clinical social worker and owner of Heartland Psychotherapy. I specialize in working with adolescents/adults in individual and family therapy. My focus in therapy is on my relationship with you, understanding what you need as an individual, and using this understanding to help you find insight into how to make the changes you want to make in your life. Psychotherapy is a process of working together towards healing and change. I will help you understand yourself authentically and find greater ease through the exploration of your emotional experience, thoughts, behaviors, and relationships.
(612) 400-8528 View (612) 400-8528
Photo of Heather B Trangsrud, Psychologist in 55402, MN
Heather B Trangsrud
Psychologist, PhD, LP
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55402  (Online Only)
I have special interest and expertise working with university students, comorbid chronic pain & mental health concerns, grief & loss, multicultural issues & identities (e.g., individuals who are racially/culturally diverse or identify as LGBTQ), life adjustments such as parenthood, relationship concerns (friendship, family, and dating including sexuality/intimacy), career transitions, family of origins issues, identity concerns, personal growth, & trauma.
I have special interest and expertise working with university students, comorbid chronic pain & mental health concerns, grief & loss, multicultural issues & identities (e.g., individuals who are racially/culturally diverse or identify as LGBTQ), life adjustments such as parenthood, relationship concerns (friendship, family, and dating including sexuality/intimacy), career transitions, family of origins issues, identity concerns, personal growth, & trauma.
(612) 260-6637 View (612) 260-6637
Photo of Chad T. Allen, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in 55402, MN
Chad T. Allen
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55402
I believe the problems we experience in living are woven into the fabric of our lives and rooted in enduring patterns of thinking, feeling, and relating to others. These problems develop in relationship to others over the course of our lives. And it is in relationship—a relationship in which the attentive presence of another is truly and deeply felt—that these problems can be healed. In an atmosphere of curiosity and acceptance, we will work together to deepen your awareness and understanding of your needs, desires, and patterns of relating so you may experience greater freedom and fulfillment in your life.
I believe the problems we experience in living are woven into the fabric of our lives and rooted in enduring patterns of thinking, feeling, and relating to others. These problems develop in relationship to others over the course of our lives. And it is in relationship—a relationship in which the attentive presence of another is truly and deeply felt—that these problems can be healed. In an atmosphere of curiosity and acceptance, we will work together to deepen your awareness and understanding of your needs, desires, and patterns of relating so you may experience greater freedom and fulfillment in your life.
(612) 424-3315 View (612) 424-3315
Photo of Karli Dahl, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55402, MN
Karli Dahl
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55402
Not accepting new clients
It's an honor to support those who are navigating perinatal/postpartum mental health, disordered eating, traumatic stress, and/or anxiety & mood disorders. All are welcome around here, though I tend to see women and queer folks between ages 18 - 50. Therapy has all sorts of benefits such as reducing symptoms, interrupting patterns, building relationships, practicing vulnerability, and learning about emotions. There's not one linear path toward healing- the journey matters! Maybe you are ready to get to work, or maybe you simply need to talk about it for now. We will collaborate to take steps toward growth, change, and acceptance.
It's an honor to support those who are navigating perinatal/postpartum mental health, disordered eating, traumatic stress, and/or anxiety & mood disorders. All are welcome around here, though I tend to see women and queer folks between ages 18 - 50. Therapy has all sorts of benefits such as reducing symptoms, interrupting patterns, building relationships, practicing vulnerability, and learning about emotions. There's not one linear path toward healing- the journey matters! Maybe you are ready to get to work, or maybe you simply need to talk about it for now. We will collaborate to take steps toward growth, change, and acceptance.
(651) 240-4074 View (651) 240-4074
Photo of Caitlin Spies, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55402, MN
Caitlin Spies
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55402
People often seek psychotherapy when they have had experiences that are painful and difficult to understand or talk about with even the closest people in their lives. In these times, many people find it helpful to have a trusting, compassionate, and confidential professional relationship where they can work things through. Talking through our experiences and feelings has the power to heal and to make deep, long-lasting change. I am committed to fostering a safe and comfortable context to help my clients do the important work of understanding the most troubling parts of their lives and relationships.
People often seek psychotherapy when they have had experiences that are painful and difficult to understand or talk about with even the closest people in their lives. In these times, many people find it helpful to have a trusting, compassionate, and confidential professional relationship where they can work things through. Talking through our experiences and feelings has the power to heal and to make deep, long-lasting change. I am committed to fostering a safe and comfortable context to help my clients do the important work of understanding the most troubling parts of their lives and relationships.
(612) 255-1476 View (612) 255-1476
Photo of Joan Sacks Lentz, Psychologist in 55402, MN
Joan Sacks Lentz
Psychologist, PhD, LP
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55402
I work with people who have symptoms, such as depression and anxiety, and with people who feel as though they are not moving forward in life in the ways they had hoped. They may feel frustrated that they are not finding satisfying relationships or the gratifying career that they had always thought they would.
I work with people who have symptoms, such as depression and anxiety, and with people who feel as though they are not moving forward in life in the ways they had hoped. They may feel frustrated that they are not finding satisfying relationships or the gratifying career that they had always thought they would.
(612) 360-2494 View (612) 360-2494
Photo of Peter Grant, Psychologist in 55402, MN
Peter Grant
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55402
I'll help you to find your way. Serious help for serious problems. See my website at petergrantphd.com
I'll help you to find your way. Serious help for serious problems. See my website at petergrantphd.com
(612) 910-1112 View (612) 910-1112
Photo of Tenbit Etafa, Licensed Professional Counselor in 55402, MN
Tenbit Etafa
Licensed Professional Counselor, Tenbit, Etafa, LPCC
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55402  (Online Only)
I am committed to creating a non-judgmental and compassionate environment where you can feel safe to share your thoughts and emotions. Together, we will work towards developing coping mechanisms and strategies that can help you manage your mental health needs and improve your overall well-being. In therapy, I utilize a combination of evidence-based practices, such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Motivational Interviewing (MI), and Mindfulness techniques. These approaches are tailored to your individual needs and can help you gain insight into your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, as well as develop healthier patterns.
I am committed to creating a non-judgmental and compassionate environment where you can feel safe to share your thoughts and emotions. Together, we will work towards developing coping mechanisms and strategies that can help you manage your mental health needs and improve your overall well-being. In therapy, I utilize a combination of evidence-based practices, such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Motivational Interviewing (MI), and Mindfulness techniques. These approaches are tailored to your individual needs and can help you gain insight into your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, as well as develop healthier patterns.
(612) 261-1251 View (612) 261-1251
Photo of Erin Schoenecker, Licensed Professional Counselor in 55402, MN
Erin Schoenecker
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55402
Not accepting new clients
It takes strength and courage to seek counseling, and I am so happy you found me. Whether or not you decide to contact me, you have already taken a step toward a healthier you. People come to counseling because of their problems - they are not defined by their problems. People I work with are committed to their lives and relationships. As a therapist, my job is to provide a safe and non judgmental space while bringing curiosity and respect for your knowledge and experiences.
It takes strength and courage to seek counseling, and I am so happy you found me. Whether or not you decide to contact me, you have already taken a step toward a healthier you. People come to counseling because of their problems - they are not defined by their problems. People I work with are committed to their lives and relationships. As a therapist, my job is to provide a safe and non judgmental space while bringing curiosity and respect for your knowledge and experiences.
(612) 712-4690 View (612) 712-4690
Photo of David Swarthout, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55402, MN
David Swarthout
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PsyD, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55402
Psychotherapy involves working together to build connections where safe communication can occur. Most of my patients seek a guide, confidant, teacher, or objective bystander who can help identify difficulties in relationships & devise strategies/build skills to help them cope with struggles in life. I work primarily w/ adolescents/young adults who struggle with "launching" into the adult world of school & work, with adults who have a hard time managing pain & chronic health problems, with people who have struggles related to sexual health, and with people experiencing grief & loss. Contact me directly via my office cell number at (612) 396-6949.
Psychotherapy involves working together to build connections where safe communication can occur. Most of my patients seek a guide, confidant, teacher, or objective bystander who can help identify difficulties in relationships & devise strategies/build skills to help them cope with struggles in life. I work primarily w/ adolescents/young adults who struggle with "launching" into the adult world of school & work, with adults who have a hard time managing pain & chronic health problems, with people who have struggles related to sexual health, and with people experiencing grief & loss. Contact me directly via my office cell number at (612) 396-6949.
(612) 223-6436 View (612) 223-6436
Photo of Drew Horowitz, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in 55402, MN
Drew Horowitz
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, MA, LADC, LPCC
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55402
Drew Horowitz has a vast range of experiences in working with addiction and mental health disorders. He has gained a wealth of knowledge through his own recovery, extensive training, and a master's level education from the Hazelden Graduate School. Drew has several years of professional experience in addiction services. He has worked extensively within a multitude of populations. After spending nearly 5 years with Hennepin County as a co-occurring mental health and substance abuse professional, Drew went into private practice where he treats individuals and families.
Drew Horowitz has a vast range of experiences in working with addiction and mental health disorders. He has gained a wealth of knowledge through his own recovery, extensive training, and a master's level education from the Hazelden Graduate School. Drew has several years of professional experience in addiction services. He has worked extensively within a multitude of populations. After spending nearly 5 years with Hennepin County as a co-occurring mental health and substance abuse professional, Drew went into private practice where he treats individuals and families.
(651) 419-3847 View (651) 419-3847
Photo of Emily Fields, Psychologist in 55402, MN
Emily Fields
Psychologist, PsyD, LP
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55402  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I will work with you in a collaborative relationship to broaden your understanding of yourself and the things that are not working in your life. We will look at difficulties that you experience (such as anxiety, depression, relationship problems, job stress, and general life dissatisfaction) and understand these concerns in the context of current circumstances as well as their origins. Through in-depth therapy you will gain insight into these problems in order to make different choices. We will work to illuminate patterns of behavior and belief systems that interfere with your current life, and help you to tolerate difficult feelings.
I will work with you in a collaborative relationship to broaden your understanding of yourself and the things that are not working in your life. We will look at difficulties that you experience (such as anxiety, depression, relationship problems, job stress, and general life dissatisfaction) and understand these concerns in the context of current circumstances as well as their origins. Through in-depth therapy you will gain insight into these problems in order to make different choices. We will work to illuminate patterns of behavior and belief systems that interfere with your current life, and help you to tolerate difficult feelings.
(612) 562-6930 View (612) 562-6930
Photo of Charles Cutler, Ph.D., Psychologist in 55402, MN
Charles Cutler, Ph.D.
Psychologist, PhD, LP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55402
Everyone has the capacity to grow and create a more meaningful and fulfilling life. All that is required is a willingness to try and some perseverance. My goal to is create a personalized experience for you. I am passionate about my work, well trained and very experienced. Working together we can make sense of things, lessen the pain you feel, overcome stuck places and find your way forward. Whether you're suffering from anxiety, depression, loneliness, relationship issues or low self-confidence, we will address these issues and begin to find answers.
Everyone has the capacity to grow and create a more meaningful and fulfilling life. All that is required is a willingness to try and some perseverance. My goal to is create a personalized experience for you. I am passionate about my work, well trained and very experienced. Working together we can make sense of things, lessen the pain you feel, overcome stuck places and find your way forward. Whether you're suffering from anxiety, depression, loneliness, relationship issues or low self-confidence, we will address these issues and begin to find answers.
(858) 521-9382 View (858) 521-9382

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 55402

50+

Average cost per session

$175

Therapists in 55402 who prioritize treating:

87% Anxiety
83% Depression
80% Relationship Issues
74% Trauma and PTSD
69% Grief
67% Self Esteem
54% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

77% BlueCross and BlueShield
74% Aetna
71% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in 55402 see their clients

65% In Person and Online
35% Online Only

Gender breakdown

70% Female
30% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 55402?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.