Therapists in 55408

Photo of Cathy Johnston, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55408, MN
Cathy Johnston
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, CST
Verified
6 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55408
I'll help you find grounded, positive approaches to shift your situation, whether you're dealing with relationship frustrations or personal issues. I know what it's like to wonder if things can get better - and how to make that happen - and to think you should be able to figure it out on your own. If fights with your partner go nowhere, your sex life is disappointing (or non-existent), you suffer with anxiety or depression, or you or your partner struggle with out of control sexual behavior or drug/alcohol use, I can help. I work with both individuals and couples to improve issues that feel overwhelming or difficult to change.
I'll help you find grounded, positive approaches to shift your situation, whether you're dealing with relationship frustrations or personal issues. I know what it's like to wonder if things can get better - and how to make that happen - and to think you should be able to figure it out on your own. If fights with your partner go nowhere, your sex life is disappointing (or non-existent), you suffer with anxiety or depression, or you or your partner struggle with out of control sexual behavior or drug/alcohol use, I can help. I work with both individuals and couples to improve issues that feel overwhelming or difficult to change.
(612) 425-1880 View (612) 425-1880
Photo of Monica O'Connell, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55408, MN
Monica O'Connell
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55408  (Online Only)
Unsure of what's next for your relationship? Feeling like you need support due to lack of intimacy and connection? Struggling to communicate? Couples therapy is here to help during difficult relationship turning points. Whether you're unsure if you can truly heal from betrayal, have dealt with months or years of sexual disconnection or are struggling to be on the same page with your partner, consider booking a marital therapy session today. You will both acquire the tools and skills needed to not just survive this hard time but to learn how to thrive in a healthier and happier relationship.
Unsure of what's next for your relationship? Feeling like you need support due to lack of intimacy and connection? Struggling to communicate? Couples therapy is here to help during difficult relationship turning points. Whether you're unsure if you can truly heal from betrayal, have dealt with months or years of sexual disconnection or are struggling to be on the same page with your partner, consider booking a marital therapy session today. You will both acquire the tools and skills needed to not just survive this hard time but to learn how to thrive in a healthier and happier relationship.
(612) 429-3756 View (612) 429-3756
Photo of Brockman Schumacher Jr, Psychologist in 55408, MN
Brockman Schumacher Jr
Psychologist, MS, LP
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55408
For more than 30 years I have counseled men, women, and teens addressing a crisis, a tragedy, something troubling they are struggling with now or from the past. My work with you will focus on developing your own skills to address current and past issues. Your work with me will be empowering and deliberate and will enable you to have a more fulfilling future. Our work together will include, but not necessarily be limited to consideration and assessments of how particular issues are affecting you and/or those you care about. You may bring a partner, friend, or family member to our sessions.
For more than 30 years I have counseled men, women, and teens addressing a crisis, a tragedy, something troubling they are struggling with now or from the past. My work with you will focus on developing your own skills to address current and past issues. Your work with me will be empowering and deliberate and will enable you to have a more fulfilling future. Our work together will include, but not necessarily be limited to consideration and assessments of how particular issues are affecting you and/or those you care about. You may bring a partner, friend, or family member to our sessions.
(952) 592-2982 View (952) 592-2982
Photo of Samantha Lee Anders, Psychologist in 55408, MN
Samantha Lee Anders
Psychologist, PhD, LP
Verified
3 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55408
Many people struggle with symptoms of depression, anxiety or insomnia. Others have difficulty in relationships, are dissatisfied with work or face serious health challenges. And many others struggle to adapt to life changes, or simply feel discouraged or unhappy. I work collaboratively with my clients to target the issues most challenging to them and use evidence-based approaches to improve those problems. I believe that developing a strong relationship with my clients provides the essential base from which sustainable change can be achieved. I am PsyPact certified and can practice telepsychology in those states.
Many people struggle with symptoms of depression, anxiety or insomnia. Others have difficulty in relationships, are dissatisfied with work or face serious health challenges. And many others struggle to adapt to life changes, or simply feel discouraged or unhappy. I work collaboratively with my clients to target the issues most challenging to them and use evidence-based approaches to improve those problems. I believe that developing a strong relationship with my clients provides the essential base from which sustainable change can be achieved. I am PsyPact certified and can practice telepsychology in those states.
(612) 260-1809 View (612) 260-1809
Photo of Beth Wegner, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in 55408, MN
Beth Wegner
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC, LADC
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55408
Not accepting new clients
I believe that all humans have the strength and wisdom within to find their true and authentic selves. Seeking one’s self requires vulnerability, courage, and connection to others. Oftentimes, this process can be interrupted by living in a world that says who you are and how you exist is not okay. You can heal from traumatic experiences that may have left you feeling unsafe, untrusting of others and isolated. Taking the courageous step in asking for help is the beginning of you tapping into your own wisdom and strength. I am grateful to be trusted to walk with you on your journey as you start to heal.
I believe that all humans have the strength and wisdom within to find their true and authentic selves. Seeking one’s self requires vulnerability, courage, and connection to others. Oftentimes, this process can be interrupted by living in a world that says who you are and how you exist is not okay. You can heal from traumatic experiences that may have left you feeling unsafe, untrusting of others and isolated. Taking the courageous step in asking for help is the beginning of you tapping into your own wisdom and strength. I am grateful to be trusted to walk with you on your journey as you start to heal.
(612) 712-3870 View (612) 712-3870
Photo of Beth A Lenz, Counselor in 55408, MN
Beth A Lenz
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55408  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Sometimes life’s challenges can feel overwhelming, making it seem as if we have little control over the path our lives are taking. Trauma, depression, anxiety, grief, low self-esteem, and other life challenges can make ordinary life difficult to navigate. I provide a supportive, non-judgmental environment that allows my clients to gain mastery over their situation rather than allowing their circumstances to run their lives. My therapeutic approach is culturally sensitive, collaborative, unique to each client, and focuses on client strengths.
Sometimes life’s challenges can feel overwhelming, making it seem as if we have little control over the path our lives are taking. Trauma, depression, anxiety, grief, low self-esteem, and other life challenges can make ordinary life difficult to navigate. I provide a supportive, non-judgmental environment that allows my clients to gain mastery over their situation rather than allowing their circumstances to run their lives. My therapeutic approach is culturally sensitive, collaborative, unique to each client, and focuses on client strengths.
(612) 416-1664 View (612) 416-1664
Photo of Jose Rafael Harrington Dooley, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55408, MN
Jose Rafael Harrington Dooley
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55408  (Online Only)
Are you feeling stuck, sad, anxious or simply feeling that you are not good enough? Do you find that you constantly compare yourself to others? Do you have a hard time communicating with those you love? There is hope! If you are ready for change, I will accompany you and focus on your inner strengths in order to meet your desired goals.
Are you feeling stuck, sad, anxious or simply feeling that you are not good enough? Do you find that you constantly compare yourself to others? Do you have a hard time communicating with those you love? There is hope! If you are ready for change, I will accompany you and focus on your inner strengths in order to meet your desired goals.
(651) 661-4473 View (651) 661-4473
Photo of Adam Chase, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55408, MN
Adam Chase
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55408
Not accepting new clients
I am not currently accepting new clients. I've been in the mental health field for over 25 years and still strive to keep my "beginner's mind". I have a psychodynamic orientation (which means I believe that the relationship between the therapist and you is an important part of the process). My work is informed by many things, including the Buddhist principal that suffering comes from attachment to things we often aren't aware of or simply don't know how to let go of. I've found it helpful to use various wisdom resources, poetry, and humor in therapy.
I am not currently accepting new clients. I've been in the mental health field for over 25 years and still strive to keep my "beginner's mind". I have a psychodynamic orientation (which means I believe that the relationship between the therapist and you is an important part of the process). My work is informed by many things, including the Buddhist principal that suffering comes from attachment to things we often aren't aware of or simply don't know how to let go of. I've found it helpful to use various wisdom resources, poetry, and humor in therapy.
(612) 999-2942 x1 View (612) 999-2942 x1
Photo of Cindy Nelson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55408, MN
Cindy Nelson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW, CCTP
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55408
I am dedicated to helping people on their unique journeys toward healing and personal growth. In my role as therapist, I know that trust is sacred. I have a deep respect for the journeys people are on, whether that is a journey across borders, facing a challenge, or simply coming to know oneself better. My goal in therapy is to let compassion guide me.
I am dedicated to helping people on their unique journeys toward healing and personal growth. In my role as therapist, I know that trust is sacred. I have a deep respect for the journeys people are on, whether that is a journey across borders, facing a challenge, or simply coming to know oneself better. My goal in therapy is to let compassion guide me.
(612) 453-3876 View (612) 453-3876
Photo of Jan l Smith, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55408, MN
Jan l Smith
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55408
Welcome to my practice. For the past 20 years, I have worked with adults of varying ages who experience depression, anxiety, trauma recovery, grief and loss, and relationship difficulties. I work to foster a safe, warm, and trusting therapeutic environment. I also work with graduate and undergraduate students at a major university who experience depression, anxiety, relationship and career concerns.
Welcome to my practice. For the past 20 years, I have worked with adults of varying ages who experience depression, anxiety, trauma recovery, grief and loss, and relationship difficulties. I work to foster a safe, warm, and trusting therapeutic environment. I also work with graduate and undergraduate students at a major university who experience depression, anxiety, relationship and career concerns.
(612) 261-1436 View (612) 261-1436
Photo of Ashley Anderson, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55408, MN
Ashley Anderson
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55408  (Online Only)
I help people find the tools they need to navigate the changes and challenges that occur in life. I believe every individual's therapeutic journey is unique. In my sessions we work to create a customized approach that builds on strengths and helps create a reliable platform for meaningful growth. I integrate a number of techniques including mindfulness and other skills that can be used in everyday life. I enjoy working with individuals of all ages, including young adults, older adults, couples, families, and adolescents 16+.
I help people find the tools they need to navigate the changes and challenges that occur in life. I believe every individual's therapeutic journey is unique. In my sessions we work to create a customized approach that builds on strengths and helps create a reliable platform for meaningful growth. I integrate a number of techniques including mindfulness and other skills that can be used in everyday life. I enjoy working with individuals of all ages, including young adults, older adults, couples, families, and adolescents 16+.
(612) 324-8707 x735 View (612) 324-8707 x735
Photo of Arianne Johnston, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55408, MN
Arianne Johnston
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
5 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55408
Hello! I’m Arianne (she/her). I am a certified Brainspotting therapist and I specialize in working with people who are navigating anxiety, depression, stress, life transitions & trauma. I strive to create a warm, safe & non-judgmental space for clients to explore what they're seeking through therapy. As a white, heterosexual, cisgender woman, I am actively engaging in deepening my understanding of how these identities & society have shaped my experiences. I am passionate about exploring and celebrating all the different aspects of one’s identity.
Hello! I’m Arianne (she/her). I am a certified Brainspotting therapist and I specialize in working with people who are navigating anxiety, depression, stress, life transitions & trauma. I strive to create a warm, safe & non-judgmental space for clients to explore what they're seeking through therapy. As a white, heterosexual, cisgender woman, I am actively engaging in deepening my understanding of how these identities & society have shaped my experiences. I am passionate about exploring and celebrating all the different aspects of one’s identity.
(612) 712-7547 View (612) 712-7547
Photo of Devin Bard, Licensed Professional Counselor in 55408, MN
Devin Bard
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LMHC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55408
Satisfying relationships, personal fulfillment, and vocational flourishing are essential components to a joyful life. Insecurity, self-doubt, anxiety and avoidance often stand between us and all of the above. Depending on who you are, being in therapy might be a practical and strategic process, for others a deeply emotional and interpersonal one. As I enjoy working with clients from all walks of life, I take a flexible and curious approach to attend to my clients' specific needs in the therapy process. Ultimately, my goal as a therapist is to support you in caring for yourself more deeply and personally in all aspects of life.
Satisfying relationships, personal fulfillment, and vocational flourishing are essential components to a joyful life. Insecurity, self-doubt, anxiety and avoidance often stand between us and all of the above. Depending on who you are, being in therapy might be a practical and strategic process, for others a deeply emotional and interpersonal one. As I enjoy working with clients from all walks of life, I take a flexible and curious approach to attend to my clients' specific needs in the therapy process. Ultimately, my goal as a therapist is to support you in caring for yourself more deeply and personally in all aspects of life.
(612) 662-4644 View (612) 662-4644
Photo of Larry Suess, Psychologist in 55408, MN
Larry Suess
Psychologist, MA, LP
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55408
You can grow through crisis and challenge! As a psychologist and family therapist I am interested in the family dynamics that have contributed to the issues my clients are facing. I'm especially interested in couples' issues because it's such a challenge to live with someone who inevitably brings up your issues. I'm a seasoned therapist, originally trained as a music therapist, who works with a wide range of issues from personal coaching to parenting, from depression/anxiety to spiritual growth. My view is that every crisis and difficult issue is an opportunity for personal growth.
You can grow through crisis and challenge! As a psychologist and family therapist I am interested in the family dynamics that have contributed to the issues my clients are facing. I'm especially interested in couples' issues because it's such a challenge to live with someone who inevitably brings up your issues. I'm a seasoned therapist, originally trained as a music therapist, who works with a wide range of issues from personal coaching to parenting, from depression/anxiety to spiritual growth. My view is that every crisis and difficult issue is an opportunity for personal growth.
(612) 293-7041 View (612) 293-7041
Photo of Marqueda Williams, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55408, MN
Marqueda Williams
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55408  (Online Only)
I think effective therapy begins with empathy and authenticity. Empathy means I’m going to really hear you. I create a welcoming and safe place where you can share and unload your heavy emotional burdens - where you can be honest about your struggles and your hopes - where we can talk honestly and frankly about meaningful solutions.
I think effective therapy begins with empathy and authenticity. Empathy means I’m going to really hear you. I create a welcoming and safe place where you can share and unload your heavy emotional burdens - where you can be honest about your struggles and your hopes - where we can talk honestly and frankly about meaningful solutions.
(651) 371-5790 View (651) 371-5790
Photo of Rileigh Coyle, Counselor in 55408, MN
Rileigh Coyle
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55408
Waitlist for new clients
Hi there! I'm Rileigh (she/her/hers). I utilize a person-centered, collaborative approach to therapy and view clients as the experts of their lives. My role involves supporting exploration, self-awareness, and growth toward the goals clients bring into the therapeutic space. I recognize that life is complex and context matters. With an open and curious mindset, my clients and I often consider how identities, cultures, relationships, environments, and systems are connected to their lives and concerns.
Hi there! I'm Rileigh (she/her/hers). I utilize a person-centered, collaborative approach to therapy and view clients as the experts of their lives. My role involves supporting exploration, self-awareness, and growth toward the goals clients bring into the therapeutic space. I recognize that life is complex and context matters. With an open and curious mindset, my clients and I often consider how identities, cultures, relationships, environments, and systems are connected to their lives and concerns.
(612) 429-5196 View (612) 429-5196
Photo of Hannah Stevens, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55408, MN
Hannah Stevens
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55408
Not accepting new clients
My name is Hannah Stevens, and I am a Licensed Marriage Family Therapist and Licensed Professional Counselor in the state of Oregon; I am nearing completion of my LMFT in Minnesota. I work with individuals who are looking for relief from anxiety, depression, trauma, or addictions or are searching for ways to cope with challenging life transitions. I also work with couples who have been feeling stuck in the same patterns, disconnected from each other, and have difficulty communicating. Together, we will work to identify parts of yourself that are creating suffering and increase moments of joy in your life.
My name is Hannah Stevens, and I am a Licensed Marriage Family Therapist and Licensed Professional Counselor in the state of Oregon; I am nearing completion of my LMFT in Minnesota. I work with individuals who are looking for relief from anxiety, depression, trauma, or addictions or are searching for ways to cope with challenging life transitions. I also work with couples who have been feeling stuck in the same patterns, disconnected from each other, and have difficulty communicating. Together, we will work to identify parts of yourself that are creating suffering and increase moments of joy in your life.
(612) 808-5421 View (612) 808-5421
Photo of Edith Lamboy, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55408, MN
Edith Lamboy
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55408  (Online Only)
Are you struggling in your relationship to yourself or others? Would you like to feel better about yourself and life in general? Have losses taken the joy out of life? Are you a survivor of traumatic experiences? Would you like to make changes and are unsure where to begin? My approach is collaborative and gentle, tailored to your needs and issues. Let's work together towards reconnecting you to your own inner wisdom! I would love to help you in developing your strengths, internal resources and coping skills for the challenges in your life.
Are you struggling in your relationship to yourself or others? Would you like to feel better about yourself and life in general? Have losses taken the joy out of life? Are you a survivor of traumatic experiences? Would you like to make changes and are unsure where to begin? My approach is collaborative and gentle, tailored to your needs and issues. Let's work together towards reconnecting you to your own inner wisdom! I would love to help you in developing your strengths, internal resources and coping skills for the challenges in your life.
(612) 260-8755 View (612) 260-8755
Photo of Susan Marie Daub, Licensed Professional Counselor in 55408, MN
Susan Marie Daub
Licensed Professional Counselor, MPS, LPCC, LADC
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55408
My clients tend to be creative over-achievers who are seeking support to make positive changes to enhance their personal and professional lives. I specialize in substance use and/or mental health issues with an emphasis on co-occurring disorders. Exploring life satisfaction in the 8 dimensions of wellness is one approach I use to identify potential areas for change. Tapping into intrinsic motivation is a primary focus of treatment as we work collaboratively to identify strengths and set/implement goals. Areas of specialization are: forgiveness therapy, perfectionism, creative recovery and productivity coaching.
My clients tend to be creative over-achievers who are seeking support to make positive changes to enhance their personal and professional lives. I specialize in substance use and/or mental health issues with an emphasis on co-occurring disorders. Exploring life satisfaction in the 8 dimensions of wellness is one approach I use to identify potential areas for change. Tapping into intrinsic motivation is a primary focus of treatment as we work collaboratively to identify strengths and set/implement goals. Areas of specialization are: forgiveness therapy, perfectionism, creative recovery and productivity coaching.
(952) 213-3776 View (952) 213-3776
Photo of Jane Gallagher, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in 55408, MN
Jane Gallagher
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, MA, LADC
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55408  (Online Only)
Open for New Clients. Clients seeking therapy can come as they are. It is my goal to have the education and tools to facilitate their process. I work with individual adults, couples, families, teens, and children in a variety of areas, including mental health therapy, substance use disorder, EMDR trauma therapy, hypnotherapy, quitting smoking, phobias, confidence, and equine-assisted therapy. I have been a life coach and hypnotist for 11 years, substance use disorder counselor for 5 years, and I am a pre-licensed mental health therapist under supervision.
Open for New Clients. Clients seeking therapy can come as they are. It is my goal to have the education and tools to facilitate their process. I work with individual adults, couples, families, teens, and children in a variety of areas, including mental health therapy, substance use disorder, EMDR trauma therapy, hypnotherapy, quitting smoking, phobias, confidence, and equine-assisted therapy. I have been a life coach and hypnotist for 11 years, substance use disorder counselor for 5 years, and I am a pre-licensed mental health therapist under supervision.
(612) 800-8054 View (612) 800-8054

See more therapy options for 55408

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 55408

200+

Average cost per session

$175

Therapists in 55408 who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
91% Depression
85% Relationship Issues
77% Self Esteem
76% Trauma and PTSD
66% Grief
66% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

90% BlueCross and BlueShield
74% UCare
73% HealthPartners of MN and WI

How Therapists in 55408 see their clients

79% In Person and Online
21% Online Only

Gender breakdown

73% Female
22% Male
5% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 55408?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.