Therapists in 55413

Photo of Greg A Stern, Psychologist in 55413, MN
Greg A Stern
Psychologist, PsyD, ABPP
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55413
Greg A. Stern, PsyD, ABPP, specializes in working with families through tough life situations. He is one of a few hundred Board Certified Rehabilitation Psychologists. For the past 20 years he has specialized in working with patients and their families who have had or are working through a stroke, brain injury, amputation, spinal cord injury and/or other neurological conditions. He also works with families in business together. Most of his work is at United Hospital. He also sees a limited number of patients in his private practice where he sees people in-person or virtually. He has an E. Passport and and can practice virtually.
Greg A. Stern, PsyD, ABPP, specializes in working with families through tough life situations. He is one of a few hundred Board Certified Rehabilitation Psychologists. For the past 20 years he has specialized in working with patients and their families who have had or are working through a stroke, brain injury, amputation, spinal cord injury and/or other neurological conditions. He also works with families in business together. Most of his work is at United Hospital. He also sees a limited number of patients in his private practice where he sees people in-person or virtually. He has an E. Passport and and can practice virtually.
(612) 482-4366 View (612) 482-4366
Photo of Sher Van Fossan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55413, MN
Sher Van Fossan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55413  (Online Only)
Feeling down lately, unable to cope, overwhelmed and nothing seems to lift your spirits? Does stress, anxiety or excessive worry affect your daily routine and your relationships? It might be time to seek help from a licensed professional. Together we concentrate on how you are currently feeling emotionally and physically, how your thoughts and feelings are affecting your relationships and your daily life. We will focus on how we can work together to lift your spirits and help you cope with the challenges that come your way.
Feeling down lately, unable to cope, overwhelmed and nothing seems to lift your spirits? Does stress, anxiety or excessive worry affect your daily routine and your relationships? It might be time to seek help from a licensed professional. Together we concentrate on how you are currently feeling emotionally and physically, how your thoughts and feelings are affecting your relationships and your daily life. We will focus on how we can work together to lift your spirits and help you cope with the challenges that come your way.
(612) 436-0295 View (612) 436-0295
Photo of Liz Powell, Pre-Licensed Professional in 55413, MN
Liz Powell
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55413
Liz’s approach to mental health takes into account individual concerns as well as a systemic awareness of her clients’ backgrounds, relationships, lifestyles, cultures and values. Liz enjoys working with clients with a variety of mental health needs and backgrounds. She considers herself to be a culturally/racially sensitive therapist, LGBTQIA friendly, and practices from a non-judgmental, authentic and open-minded perspective.
Liz’s approach to mental health takes into account individual concerns as well as a systemic awareness of her clients’ backgrounds, relationships, lifestyles, cultures and values. Liz enjoys working with clients with a variety of mental health needs and backgrounds. She considers herself to be a culturally/racially sensitive therapist, LGBTQIA friendly, and practices from a non-judgmental, authentic and open-minded perspective.
(612) 502-5924 View (612) 502-5924
Photo of Marla Rose Wojtanowicz, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55413, MN
Marla Rose Wojtanowicz
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55413
We all have times when we run out of ideas about how to deal with problems in our lives. It can help to involve a new set of eyes and ears to see things from a different angle. We work to gain new skills and insights, and tap into our forgotten strengths, to create independence and lasting positive change. We look at the rigid and unhelpful patterns we have, and work together to form new ways of thinking and doing. While this process unfolds you are free to be your authentic self, without feeling judgment, powerlessness, or shame, in a safe and trusting atmosphere.
We all have times when we run out of ideas about how to deal with problems in our lives. It can help to involve a new set of eyes and ears to see things from a different angle. We work to gain new skills and insights, and tap into our forgotten strengths, to create independence and lasting positive change. We look at the rigid and unhelpful patterns we have, and work together to form new ways of thinking and doing. While this process unfolds you are free to be your authentic self, without feeling judgment, powerlessness, or shame, in a safe and trusting atmosphere.
(612) 260-8920 View (612) 260-8920
Photo of Kelly Pertzsch, Counselor in 55413, MN
Kelly Pertzsch
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55413
Not accepting new clients
Please note: I currently have a 6-8 month wait for new clients. The world may be telling you that you are not enough, that you need to change in order to fit in. Sometimes that pressure to fit neatly into a particular box is more than you feel you can overcome on your own. That is where therapy can help. My practice is greatly informed by Anna Quindlen's quote: "The thing that is really hard and really amazing is giving up on being perfect and beginning the work of becoming yourself". You do not need to change to meet the world's expectations, you are already perfect as you are and I want to help you believe that.
Please note: I currently have a 6-8 month wait for new clients. The world may be telling you that you are not enough, that you need to change in order to fit in. Sometimes that pressure to fit neatly into a particular box is more than you feel you can overcome on your own. That is where therapy can help. My practice is greatly informed by Anna Quindlen's quote: "The thing that is really hard and really amazing is giving up on being perfect and beginning the work of becoming yourself". You do not need to change to meet the world's expectations, you are already perfect as you are and I want to help you believe that.
(952) 800-1493 View (952) 800-1493
Photo of Brianna Ripoli, Licensed Professional Counselor in 55413, MN
Brianna Ripoli
Licensed Professional Counselor, MPS, LPCC
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55413  (Online Only)
You’re tired of feeling like thoughts about food and your body dictate how you spend your day. It feels like you cannot escape the voice in your head that tells you that you are not thin enough, you ate too much, and the most important thing about you is the way you look. Your body is not the problem. It never was. Our culture is structured to make us fit inside narrow constructs that oppress who we are. We will work toward body liberation. Body liberation is the freedom from social and political systems of oppression that designate certain bodies as more worthy, healthy, and desirable than others.
You’re tired of feeling like thoughts about food and your body dictate how you spend your day. It feels like you cannot escape the voice in your head that tells you that you are not thin enough, you ate too much, and the most important thing about you is the way you look. Your body is not the problem. It never was. Our culture is structured to make us fit inside narrow constructs that oppress who we are. We will work toward body liberation. Body liberation is the freedom from social and political systems of oppression that designate certain bodies as more worthy, healthy, and desirable than others.
(612) 778-3211 View (612) 778-3211
Photo of Nicole Gornowicz, Counselor in 55413, MN
Nicole Gornowicz
Counselor, MA, LPCC, ATR
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55413
Hello! I am Nicole (she/her/hers) a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor and Art Therapist. I've worked in the Minneapolis/St. Paul area for 9 years; primarily with adolescents, children, their families, and their support networks. I'm passionate about encouraging teens, young adults, families, and individuals to keep going. I aim to provide an environment that is conducive to growth through honoring who you are, what you need in the moment, and how you will get to where you'd like to be. I do this through providing a safe, comfortable, authentic, and supportive place you can explore your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.
Hello! I am Nicole (she/her/hers) a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor and Art Therapist. I've worked in the Minneapolis/St. Paul area for 9 years; primarily with adolescents, children, their families, and their support networks. I'm passionate about encouraging teens, young adults, families, and individuals to keep going. I aim to provide an environment that is conducive to growth through honoring who you are, what you need in the moment, and how you will get to where you'd like to be. I do this through providing a safe, comfortable, authentic, and supportive place you can explore your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.
(651) 372-1130 View (651) 372-1130
Photo of Cody Oaks, Counselor in 55413, MN
Cody Oaks
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55413
Self-exploration with a compassionate, curiously-engaged presence is a powerful experience which results in deep, lasting change. Often times, our experience of the world and ourselves can feel vaguely yet urgently unsatisfying. Sometimes we unconsciously live in a reality which no longer feels like it "fits", but we know therapy is about opening up to see yourself and the world in a new, more boundless way. Confusion is a great step towards new growth, and we can work together to help you experience life more fully. (For efficient scheduling purposes, please email rather than call)
Self-exploration with a compassionate, curiously-engaged presence is a powerful experience which results in deep, lasting change. Often times, our experience of the world and ourselves can feel vaguely yet urgently unsatisfying. Sometimes we unconsciously live in a reality which no longer feels like it "fits", but we know therapy is about opening up to see yourself and the world in a new, more boundless way. Confusion is a great step towards new growth, and we can work together to help you experience life more fully. (For efficient scheduling purposes, please email rather than call)
(612) 324-0805 View (612) 324-0805
Photo of Allie Devney, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55413, MN
Allie Devney
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55413
Waitlist for new clients
I specialize in working with couples, families, and individuals (adolescents and adults). Utilizing a collaborative, eclectic approach, I bring warmth, humor, and curiosity to the therapeutic relationship.
I specialize in working with couples, families, and individuals (adolescents and adults). Utilizing a collaborative, eclectic approach, I bring warmth, humor, and curiosity to the therapeutic relationship.
(612) 509-5477 View (612) 509-5477
Photo of Janelle Zimmerman, Counselor in 55413, MN
Janelle Zimmerman
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55413
Writing about therapy is hard, particularly if you are not inclined to use tree or water metaphors. Instead, I invite you to reach out if you are an anxious, perfectionistic (don't stop reading because you think you aren't perfect enough to be a perfectionist) individual who is struggling anywhere on the disordered eating to eating disorder spectrum. Throw in a liberal arts education, and we might be a great fit. I primarily work with older adolescents (17+), young adults, and early career helping professionals (therapists, social workers, nurses, med students, etc).
Writing about therapy is hard, particularly if you are not inclined to use tree or water metaphors. Instead, I invite you to reach out if you are an anxious, perfectionistic (don't stop reading because you think you aren't perfect enough to be a perfectionist) individual who is struggling anywhere on the disordered eating to eating disorder spectrum. Throw in a liberal arts education, and we might be a great fit. I primarily work with older adolescents (17+), young adults, and early career helping professionals (therapists, social workers, nurses, med students, etc).
(612) 255-0961 View (612) 255-0961
Photo of Margaret Nimocks Champine, Counselor in 55413, MN
Margaret Nimocks Champine
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55413  (Online Only)
Hi there! The last few years have been quite something, huh? I imagine you are looking for a therapist as you want to feel better and find some relief in your day to day life. Step by step, we can do some healing, create clarity, explore parts of you and your identities, build a more stable foundation, and identify your values you want to live your life by. I am a queer, justice-oriented, & trauma-informed therapist in her late 30s who is a half-time therapist, half-time creative, and full-time human. I believe all humans deserve access to mental health care and I utilize a financial justice sliding scale at my practice.
Hi there! The last few years have been quite something, huh? I imagine you are looking for a therapist as you want to feel better and find some relief in your day to day life. Step by step, we can do some healing, create clarity, explore parts of you and your identities, build a more stable foundation, and identify your values you want to live your life by. I am a queer, justice-oriented, & trauma-informed therapist in her late 30s who is a half-time therapist, half-time creative, and full-time human. I believe all humans deserve access to mental health care and I utilize a financial justice sliding scale at my practice.
(651) 867-2957 View (651) 867-2957
Photo of Sarita K Kundrod, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55413, MN
Sarita K Kundrod
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LGSW, MPH
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55413
Not accepting new clients
It takes deep bravery and vulnerability to begin therapy, and I will work hard to earn your trust. My aim is to provide a space grounded in transparency, humor, and care. I meet clients where they are, believe clients are the experts of their own lives, and emphasizes partnership for growth and change. I'm honored to be included in the journey of another's life and enjoy celebrating the complex beauty of each individual’s cultural, spiritual, sexual, gender, and racial identities. My belief is that is through building upon the strengths of each individual within the therapeutic relationship that ultimate health & wellbeing occurs.
It takes deep bravery and vulnerability to begin therapy, and I will work hard to earn your trust. My aim is to provide a space grounded in transparency, humor, and care. I meet clients where they are, believe clients are the experts of their own lives, and emphasizes partnership for growth and change. I'm honored to be included in the journey of another's life and enjoy celebrating the complex beauty of each individual’s cultural, spiritual, sexual, gender, and racial identities. My belief is that is through building upon the strengths of each individual within the therapeutic relationship that ultimate health & wellbeing occurs.
(651) 505-5312 View (651) 505-5312
Photo of Natallie Chivers-Lockhart, Pre-Licensed Professional in 55413, MN
Natallie Chivers-Lockhart
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55413  (Online Only)
When working with clients, I use a collaborative approach. With this in mind, I want to make sure the relational aspect as well as interpersonal aspects of a person are an important part of the process. I work with adolescents, adults, families and couples struggling with interpersonal issues, relational discord, life transitions, familial conflict, body imaging struggles, trauma and other stressors that may arise. I have experience working with adults and adolescents in generational poverty, domestic violence survivors, teen pregnancy, grief and loss, self-esteem issues, sexual trauma and social justice concerns.
When working with clients, I use a collaborative approach. With this in mind, I want to make sure the relational aspect as well as interpersonal aspects of a person are an important part of the process. I work with adolescents, adults, families and couples struggling with interpersonal issues, relational discord, life transitions, familial conflict, body imaging struggles, trauma and other stressors that may arise. I have experience working with adults and adolescents in generational poverty, domestic violence survivors, teen pregnancy, grief and loss, self-esteem issues, sexual trauma and social justice concerns.
(763) 363-5427 View (763) 363-5427
Photo of Tessa Anttila, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55413, MN
Tessa Anttila
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55413
Hello! What is bringing you to therapy? For many, it's feeling lost, confused, hurt and disconnected from ourselves and the world around us. We can come to feel lost and disconnected because of trauma or stress (either in this lifetime or in your lineage) that hasn’t been digested in our body/mind. It can happen from living in an increasingly lonely and disconnected world. I would like to support you in finding connection and meaning in life so you can experience satisfying relationships with yourself, friends, family and the natural world around you. This is what being alive is about!
Hello! What is bringing you to therapy? For many, it's feeling lost, confused, hurt and disconnected from ourselves and the world around us. We can come to feel lost and disconnected because of trauma or stress (either in this lifetime or in your lineage) that hasn’t been digested in our body/mind. It can happen from living in an increasingly lonely and disconnected world. I would like to support you in finding connection and meaning in life so you can experience satisfying relationships with yourself, friends, family and the natural world around you. This is what being alive is about!
(612) 482-6488 View (612) 482-6488
Photo of Rachael Cavegn, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55413, MN
Rachael Cavegn
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, BCN
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55413
Rachael is a licensed marriage and family therapist specializing in the use of neurofeedback training with adults ages 18+ to address struggles with trauma, depression, anxiety, grief/loss, addiction, SPMI diagnoses, and a wide range of additional mental health concerns. Rachael has followed the advances of neuropsychology throughout her career in an effort to better understand and address the struggles her clients face. In 2020 while researching new approaches to mental health, Rachael discovered neurofeedback training was an alternative intervention that is evidence-based, non-invasive, and highly effective.
Rachael is a licensed marriage and family therapist specializing in the use of neurofeedback training with adults ages 18+ to address struggles with trauma, depression, anxiety, grief/loss, addiction, SPMI diagnoses, and a wide range of additional mental health concerns. Rachael has followed the advances of neuropsychology throughout her career in an effort to better understand and address the struggles her clients face. In 2020 while researching new approaches to mental health, Rachael discovered neurofeedback training was an alternative intervention that is evidence-based, non-invasive, and highly effective.
(952) 260-9422 View (952) 260-9422
Photo of Jory Miller, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55413, MN
Jory Miller
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LGSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55413
I believe that therapy is a journey of self-discovery, and I consider it is a privilege to walk alongside my clients on this path. Developing a strong, trusting relationship is essential to this process, and it allows us to work through the challenges and achieve the changes that are meaningful to you. My approach to therapy is holistic, recognizing the mind-body connection and drawing on a range of therapeutic techniques to create a safe and personalized experience for each client.
I believe that therapy is a journey of self-discovery, and I consider it is a privilege to walk alongside my clients on this path. Developing a strong, trusting relationship is essential to this process, and it allows us to work through the challenges and achieve the changes that are meaningful to you. My approach to therapy is holistic, recognizing the mind-body connection and drawing on a range of therapeutic techniques to create a safe and personalized experience for each client.
(612) 778-4386 View (612) 778-4386
Photo of Melanie Ikola, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55413, MN
Melanie Ikola
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55413
I believe that building an authentic relationship with each client is one of the first steps in moving towards peace, hope, and healing. As we seek to understand ourselves and the patterns of distress, conflict, or confusion we fall into, taking space to explore our strengths and connections is an important step in building a foundation for how we want to move through our world. I value creating a non-judgmental space for each individual, couple, or family to identify their goals and work together to reflect and acquire the necessary tools to begin to feel whole.
I believe that building an authentic relationship with each client is one of the first steps in moving towards peace, hope, and healing. As we seek to understand ourselves and the patterns of distress, conflict, or confusion we fall into, taking space to explore our strengths and connections is an important step in building a foundation for how we want to move through our world. I value creating a non-judgmental space for each individual, couple, or family to identify their goals and work together to reflect and acquire the necessary tools to begin to feel whole.
(612) 688-2284 View (612) 688-2284
Photo of Rose Hellat, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55413, MN
Rose Hellat
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LGSW
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55413
You're the expert of your life, I'm the guide. I appreciate finding what is feasible for you in your life and finding incremental goals in your journey. Life can be hard. Let's figure out how to help you find who you are and where you want to go.
You're the expert of your life, I'm the guide. I appreciate finding what is feasible for you in your life and finding incremental goals in your journey. Life can be hard. Let's figure out how to help you find who you are and where you want to go.
(612) 453-4970 View (612) 453-4970
Photo of Katie Fisher, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55413, MN
Katie Fisher
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55413
I have several years of experience working with adolescents and their families. I enjoy guiding clients to explore their family values, communication, behavior patterns, emotions and changing needs of individual family members.
I have several years of experience working with adolescents and their families. I enjoy guiding clients to explore their family values, communication, behavior patterns, emotions and changing needs of individual family members.
(763) 878-6827 View (763) 878-6827
Photo of Jessica Sawyer, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55413, MN
Jessica Sawyer
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55413
Waitlist for new clients
I believe you are the authority on your own life. Within you exists the potential to express your authentic self and to live a fulfilling life. However, there are times in our lives when we may experience stress, depression, anxiety, anger, or complacency. When this happens it can be difficult to manage our lives effectively and with peace of mind. This is when professional support can be helpful. Whatever concerns you are struggling with, I will collaborate with you to help you identify your goals and develop a treatment approach to empower you to realize them.
I believe you are the authority on your own life. Within you exists the potential to express your authentic self and to live a fulfilling life. However, there are times in our lives when we may experience stress, depression, anxiety, anger, or complacency. When this happens it can be difficult to manage our lives effectively and with peace of mind. This is when professional support can be helpful. Whatever concerns you are struggling with, I will collaborate with you to help you identify your goals and develop a treatment approach to empower you to realize them.
(612) 567-7954 View (612) 567-7954

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 55413

70+

Average cost per session

$160

Therapists in 55413 who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
89% Depression
85% Relationship Issues
80% Trauma and PTSD
77% Self Esteem
75% Stress
75% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

88% BlueCross and BlueShield
88% HealthPartners of MN and WI
86% UCare

How Therapists in 55413 see their clients

78% In Person and Online
22% Online Only

Gender breakdown

83% Female
15% Male
2% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 55413?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.