Therapists in 55401

Photo of Carly Spotts-Falzone, Pre-Licensed Professional in 55401, MN
Carly Spotts-Falzone
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Immediate Appointments Available. If you're feeling stuck or seeking a safe, warm place to heal and grow, I can meet you there. We'll work together to identify and work through the concerns that are important to you and that are disrupting your ability to live your best life as your full self.
Immediate Appointments Available. If you're feeling stuck or seeking a safe, warm place to heal and grow, I can meet you there. We'll work together to identify and work through the concerns that are important to you and that are disrupting your ability to live your best life as your full self.
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Photo of Linda J Etim, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55401, MN
Linda J Etim
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified
2 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Hi! I'm Linda Etim and I specialize in working with women and men who are in toxic or abusive/predatory relationships. My unique approach is designed to help you detach from and avoid these toxic relationships. I also work with individuals who are suffering from anxiety, depression and other mental health issues. As well I work with those experiencing work related stress, racial injustice and everyday life stressors. All of the above issues can threaten your physical and emotional wellbeing. I prescribe techniques that will help you to manage your symptoms while at the same time achieving overall wellness.
Hi! I'm Linda Etim and I specialize in working with women and men who are in toxic or abusive/predatory relationships. My unique approach is designed to help you detach from and avoid these toxic relationships. I also work with individuals who are suffering from anxiety, depression and other mental health issues. As well I work with those experiencing work related stress, racial injustice and everyday life stressors. All of the above issues can threaten your physical and emotional wellbeing. I prescribe techniques that will help you to manage your symptoms while at the same time achieving overall wellness.
(763) 225-1317 View (763) 225-1317
Photo of Emily Marsden, Counselor in 55401, MN
Emily Marsden
Counselor, MA, LPCC, ATR
Verified
3 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Life, am I right? We can't do it alone. I work with people just like you; People seeking support to find their voice, set better boundaries, have compassion for themselves, heal trauma, or challenge self defeating patterns. I have extensive experience (12+ years) working with a variety of concerns ranging from life phases, self esteem, anxiety, depression to PTSD, Interpersonal Violence and sexual violence. My goal in therapy is to create a safe, collaborative space, where we can work together to address ALL parts of self - allowing you to feel more whole and in control of your own life/emotions and relationships.
Life, am I right? We can't do it alone. I work with people just like you; People seeking support to find their voice, set better boundaries, have compassion for themselves, heal trauma, or challenge self defeating patterns. I have extensive experience (12+ years) working with a variety of concerns ranging from life phases, self esteem, anxiety, depression to PTSD, Interpersonal Violence and sexual violence. My goal in therapy is to create a safe, collaborative space, where we can work together to address ALL parts of self - allowing you to feel more whole and in control of your own life/emotions and relationships.
(952) 900-5785 View (952) 900-5785
Photo of Lucy Erickson, Licensed Professional Counselor in 55401, MN
Lucy Erickson
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55401  (Online Only)
Let's cultivate a safe and nonjudgmental space for you to explore who you are and your unique experiences in a compassionate space that is just for you! Life can often feel out of control and I like to empower my clients to process new ways of coping with difficult experiences. Whether you're struggling with anxiety, depression, life transitions, trauma, or self-esteem, I am here to support you. Through therapy I like to help my clients be able to process and express their emotions in a more effective and healthy manner, develop healthy relationships, process past experiences, and strengthen their sense of self.
Let's cultivate a safe and nonjudgmental space for you to explore who you are and your unique experiences in a compassionate space that is just for you! Life can often feel out of control and I like to empower my clients to process new ways of coping with difficult experiences. Whether you're struggling with anxiety, depression, life transitions, trauma, or self-esteem, I am here to support you. Through therapy I like to help my clients be able to process and express their emotions in a more effective and healthy manner, develop healthy relationships, process past experiences, and strengthen their sense of self.
(651) 350-1206 View (651) 350-1206
Photo of Luke Yost, Pre-Licensed Professional in 55401, MN
Luke Yost
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55401
A client who is facing any life transition, whether it be parenting, identity concerns, career concerns, new relationships, or relationship milestones, growing into adulthood, or gender identity. Client's needs could be based on these life transitions, and also the surrounding symptoms concerning mood, anxiety, stress, and conflict. Client's hope to better themselves in their own growth in identity, stress management, relationships, career, family, and life. Client's also hope to understand symptomatic features and shape that understanding into values and committed driven action.
A client who is facing any life transition, whether it be parenting, identity concerns, career concerns, new relationships, or relationship milestones, growing into adulthood, or gender identity. Client's needs could be based on these life transitions, and also the surrounding symptoms concerning mood, anxiety, stress, and conflict. Client's hope to better themselves in their own growth in identity, stress management, relationships, career, family, and life. Client's also hope to understand symptomatic features and shape that understanding into values and committed driven action.
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Photo of Kay Ferrell, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55401, MN
Kay Ferrell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LGSW
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Life offers us various challenges. Sometimes these challenges come in the form of a life transition, an interpersonal conflict, or a persistent mental health concern. Therapy offers us an opportunity to explore, gain new personal insight, and move through these challenges in an intentional manner.
Life offers us various challenges. Sometimes these challenges come in the form of a life transition, an interpersonal conflict, or a persistent mental health concern. Therapy offers us an opportunity to explore, gain new personal insight, and move through these challenges in an intentional manner.
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Photo of Travis Taylor, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55401, MN
Travis Taylor
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified
3 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55401  (Online Only)
You just don’t know what to do. Feeling stuck and struggling to make a decision. No matter what you do it’s never enough. Overwhelmed and frustrated, the fear of doing the wrong thing is paralyzing. Everything is on the line and you need help figuring things out. Exhausted from the worrying, tired of the feelings of sadness, preventing you from thriving. You are ready for relief, you are ready for help.
You just don’t know what to do. Feeling stuck and struggling to make a decision. No matter what you do it’s never enough. Overwhelmed and frustrated, the fear of doing the wrong thing is paralyzing. Everything is on the line and you need help figuring things out. Exhausted from the worrying, tired of the feelings of sadness, preventing you from thriving. You are ready for relief, you are ready for help.
(612) 429-4730 View (612) 429-4730
Photo of Christy Zender, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55401, MN
Christy Zender
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Waitlist for new clients
Creating change requires courage and therapy can be a good place to help figure it out. I have a small clinical practice and am deeply committed to working with people who want and need to explore how to walk bravely in this crazy world. I offer individual and family psychotherapy for those who struggle with disordered eating, anxiety, depression and trauma. My style is direct with frequent use of stories, analogies and humor.
Creating change requires courage and therapy can be a good place to help figure it out. I have a small clinical practice and am deeply committed to working with people who want and need to explore how to walk bravely in this crazy world. I offer individual and family psychotherapy for those who struggle with disordered eating, anxiety, depression and trauma. My style is direct with frequent use of stories, analogies and humor.
(763) 310-8755 View (763) 310-8755
Photo of Geriann Fedorowicz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55401, MN
Geriann Fedorowicz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Therapy is a relational dynamic process. I create a nurturing, compassionate safe space to honor your process of change. My integrative holistic approach means that I combine attachment theory, neuroscience and psychodynamic theory with the wisdom and insights from mindfulness-based practices, creative expression, and nature. Working with me, you will gain insight into your emotional world, understand how you work, learn what gives you comfort and contentment during difficult times, develop new coping skills to help during times of anxiety/depression, and make changes in your life so you can live more fully. fedorowicz-therapy.com
Therapy is a relational dynamic process. I create a nurturing, compassionate safe space to honor your process of change. My integrative holistic approach means that I combine attachment theory, neuroscience and psychodynamic theory with the wisdom and insights from mindfulness-based practices, creative expression, and nature. Working with me, you will gain insight into your emotional world, understand how you work, learn what gives you comfort and contentment during difficult times, develop new coping skills to help during times of anxiety/depression, and make changes in your life so you can live more fully. fedorowicz-therapy.com
(612) 280-1948 View (612) 280-1948
Photo of Quinnyana Houston, Pre-Licensed Professional in 55401, MN
Quinnyana Houston
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Not accepting new clients
I work with clients experiencing depression, anxiety, eating disorders and difficulties with body image, self-esteem, personality disorders, and trauma. My past career in Human Resources also gives me unique insight into workplace-related stressors. But most importantly, I am committed to making sure you are in a therapeutic environment that is inclusive, encourages healing, and offers growth. As a therapist, I’m collaborative, authentic, and curious. I’ve also been described as approachable, non-judgmental and empathetic. It's important to me to meet you where you’re at in life and build a strong therapeutic alliance with you.
I work with clients experiencing depression, anxiety, eating disorders and difficulties with body image, self-esteem, personality disorders, and trauma. My past career in Human Resources also gives me unique insight into workplace-related stressors. But most importantly, I am committed to making sure you are in a therapeutic environment that is inclusive, encourages healing, and offers growth. As a therapist, I’m collaborative, authentic, and curious. I’ve also been described as approachable, non-judgmental and empathetic. It's important to me to meet you where you’re at in life and build a strong therapeutic alliance with you.
(763) 878-6036 View (763) 878-6036
Photo of Jessica Bell, Psychologist in 55401, MN
Jessica Bell
Psychologist, PsyD, LP
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55401
I strive to join with individuals to create a space of support and compassion where healing can begin. I believe we all deserve to experience a life worth living. Whether it is trauma, depression, anxiety, substance abuse, an eating disorder, or another form of mental health challenge that is preventing you from embodying your highest expression of yourself I will work with you to remove barriers and work toward your vision of happiness and contentment.
I strive to join with individuals to create a space of support and compassion where healing can begin. I believe we all deserve to experience a life worth living. Whether it is trauma, depression, anxiety, substance abuse, an eating disorder, or another form of mental health challenge that is preventing you from embodying your highest expression of yourself I will work with you to remove barriers and work toward your vision of happiness and contentment.
(763) 703-1092 View (763) 703-1092
Photo of Sara Elmekkawy, Pre-Licensed Professional in 55401, MN
Sara Elmekkawy
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55401  (Online Only)
I provide online psychotherapy to adolescents, adults, and couples. My main goal is to create a safe, accepting, and non-judgmental space where I meet you where you're at. Your feelings and experiences are not only valid but also uniquely special. As someone who understands the significance of being a minority, I deeply value clients with diverse stories and backgrounds. Your story matters, and I am here to listen, validate, and provide a safe space for you. I believe that our scars can lead us to discover the most beautiful parts of ourselves, and I'm committed to helping you find your inner strength and beauty.
I provide online psychotherapy to adolescents, adults, and couples. My main goal is to create a safe, accepting, and non-judgmental space where I meet you where you're at. Your feelings and experiences are not only valid but also uniquely special. As someone who understands the significance of being a minority, I deeply value clients with diverse stories and backgrounds. Your story matters, and I am here to listen, validate, and provide a safe space for you. I believe that our scars can lead us to discover the most beautiful parts of ourselves, and I'm committed to helping you find your inner strength and beauty.
(763) 363-3474 View (763) 363-3474
Photo of Diver Van Avery, Pre-Licensed Professional in 55401, MN
Diver Van Avery
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55401
I love working with GLBTQ+ couples in any form of relationship, people wanting to explore their creativity and/or gender, and anyone who wants to feel more aligned and empowered. It is my hope that the therapeutic journey will lead you to feel a deeper connection with yourself and a richer set of community/spiritual connections that let you experience authentic belonging. I want to co-create a space of courageous introspection that allows you to look back at your past and to name the moments in your present that need tending.
I love working with GLBTQ+ couples in any form of relationship, people wanting to explore their creativity and/or gender, and anyone who wants to feel more aligned and empowered. It is my hope that the therapeutic journey will lead you to feel a deeper connection with yourself and a richer set of community/spiritual connections that let you experience authentic belonging. I want to co-create a space of courageous introspection that allows you to look back at your past and to name the moments in your present that need tending.
(763) 373-6582 View (763) 373-6582
Photo of Paige Love, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55401, MN
Paige Love
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55401
I specialize in working with adults who are looking for a space to learn about and feel compassion towards themselves. I became a therapist because of the inherent value I believe that being seen, known, and held by another can provide. I understand the significance of and deeply value the therapeutic relationship, which I believe is one of the most powerful tools for change. I use warmth, humility, humor, and empathy to approach my clients. I often work with adults coping with depression, anxiety, grief, the after-effects of trauma, perinatal and postpartum concerns, and familial and relationship issues.
I specialize in working with adults who are looking for a space to learn about and feel compassion towards themselves. I became a therapist because of the inherent value I believe that being seen, known, and held by another can provide. I understand the significance of and deeply value the therapeutic relationship, which I believe is one of the most powerful tools for change. I use warmth, humility, humor, and empathy to approach my clients. I often work with adults coping with depression, anxiety, grief, the after-effects of trauma, perinatal and postpartum concerns, and familial and relationship issues.
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Photo of Ben Musburger, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55401, MN
Ben Musburger
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55401
We all experience the pains of life. Individual. Relational. Societal. Existential. Past. Present. Future. In our pain, we do our best to live well with ourselves and our communities. We survive and attempt to thrive in an age that is increasingly polarized and disconnected from our humanity. I am interested in supporting people with the issues of living. What is our purpose? What is our truth? What is our response to pain? How do we remain connected to ourselves and others? What are we seeking? How do we contribute to this world?
We all experience the pains of life. Individual. Relational. Societal. Existential. Past. Present. Future. In our pain, we do our best to live well with ourselves and our communities. We survive and attempt to thrive in an age that is increasingly polarized and disconnected from our humanity. I am interested in supporting people with the issues of living. What is our purpose? What is our truth? What is our response to pain? How do we remain connected to ourselves and others? What are we seeking? How do we contribute to this world?
(763) 363-3915 View (763) 363-3915
Photo of Rebecca Enders, Counselor in 55401, MN
Rebecca Enders
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55401
As a therapist I strive to build a strong therapeutic relationship with each client through empathy, acceptance, authenticity, and humor. My goals are for you to feel seen and understood, to provide space for processing emotions in a trauma-informed and culturally responsive way, and to join you in your journey to find congruence between your ideal and real self. I take an integrative approach to therapy, utilizing skills and techniques from a variety of modalities. Outside of Numa, I enjoy playing ultimate frisbee, testing out new recipes, spoiling my dogs Sweetie & Honey, drinking iced chai, & planning my next trip with my wife.
As a therapist I strive to build a strong therapeutic relationship with each client through empathy, acceptance, authenticity, and humor. My goals are for you to feel seen and understood, to provide space for processing emotions in a trauma-informed and culturally responsive way, and to join you in your journey to find congruence between your ideal and real self. I take an integrative approach to therapy, utilizing skills and techniques from a variety of modalities. Outside of Numa, I enjoy playing ultimate frisbee, testing out new recipes, spoiling my dogs Sweetie & Honey, drinking iced chai, & planning my next trip with my wife.
(763) 363-4027 View (763) 363-4027
Photo of Lyuchen Ben, Pre-Licensed Professional in 55401, MN
Lyuchen Ben
Pre-Licensed Professional, BA
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55401
*Limited availability* I collaborate with my clients to identify and examine their unique life narratives and how those narratives inform their life experiences and relationships. Together, we will explore the unique barriers you face and we will work together to minimize the impact of those barriers, practice new ways of thinking and behaving, and create new life narratives. **I will move to Iowa City to pursue a Ph.D. Counseling Psychology degree during July 2022.**
*Limited availability* I collaborate with my clients to identify and examine their unique life narratives and how those narratives inform their life experiences and relationships. Together, we will explore the unique barriers you face and we will work together to minimize the impact of those barriers, practice new ways of thinking and behaving, and create new life narratives. **I will move to Iowa City to pursue a Ph.D. Counseling Psychology degree during July 2022.**
(763) 347-2493 View (763) 347-2493
Photo of Kate Goodman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55401, MN
Kate Goodman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW, LADC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Waitlist for new clients
As a therapist, I am committed to being a source of unconditional positive regard, asking hard and important questions, offering observations to identify connections in experiences, exploring and challenging negative self-beliefs, offering tools and skills in the capacity desired, and celebrating the ups and the downs of the process. I believe human growth, change, and healing is most easily found when we allow ourselves the chance to be uncomfortable. I am a Certified Accelerated Resolution Therapy Practitioner and have found it to be an incredible tool for increasing healing with life’s big and small difficulties.
As a therapist, I am committed to being a source of unconditional positive regard, asking hard and important questions, offering observations to identify connections in experiences, exploring and challenging negative self-beliefs, offering tools and skills in the capacity desired, and celebrating the ups and the downs of the process. I believe human growth, change, and healing is most easily found when we allow ourselves the chance to be uncomfortable. I am a Certified Accelerated Resolution Therapy Practitioner and have found it to be an incredible tool for increasing healing with life’s big and small difficulties.
(763) 292-3259 View (763) 292-3259
Photo of Krista Jorgenson, Counselor in 55401, MN
Krista Jorgenson
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Not accepting new clients
Looking for an individualized and collaborative approach to therapy? I'm passionate about helping others identify and integrate all pieces of themselves in order to feel more whole. We will work not only to improve your current coping skills and life functioning, but also to create a life of intention and meaning. *Although I'm not taking new clients at this time, I do supervise and oversee several therapists in training. Please email me if you would like to connect about scheduling with one of these therapists.*
Looking for an individualized and collaborative approach to therapy? I'm passionate about helping others identify and integrate all pieces of themselves in order to feel more whole. We will work not only to improve your current coping skills and life functioning, but also to create a life of intention and meaning. *Although I'm not taking new clients at this time, I do supervise and oversee several therapists in training. Please email me if you would like to connect about scheduling with one of these therapists.*
(507) 607-8033 View (507) 607-8033
Photo of Becca Darnell, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in 55401, MN
Becca Darnell
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Not accepting new clients
I’m a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor who provides therapy for individuals ages 14+. I’m trained in DBT, DBT-Prolonged Exposure for PTSD, and Exposure & Response Prevention for OCD. My clinical interests include treating depression, anxiety, OCD, trauma, women’s issues, disordered eating/body image & shifting to a fat positive mindset, self-esteem issues, adolescent/young adult issues, & relationship concerns. With lived experience as a neurodivergent person who was diagnosed in adulthood, I also have a special interest in working with OCD, ADHD, & ASD, especially in individuals who identify as high-masking/late diagnosed.
I’m a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor who provides therapy for individuals ages 14+. I’m trained in DBT, DBT-Prolonged Exposure for PTSD, and Exposure & Response Prevention for OCD. My clinical interests include treating depression, anxiety, OCD, trauma, women’s issues, disordered eating/body image & shifting to a fat positive mindset, self-esteem issues, adolescent/young adult issues, & relationship concerns. With lived experience as a neurodivergent person who was diagnosed in adulthood, I also have a special interest in working with OCD, ADHD, & ASD, especially in individuals who identify as high-masking/late diagnosed.
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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 55401

100+

Average cost per session

$155

Therapists in 55401 who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
92% Depression
82% Relationship Issues
81% Self Esteem
72% Grief
72% Stress
70% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

85% BlueCross and BlueShield
78% Aetna
77% UCare

How Therapists in 55401 see their clients

70% In Person and Online
30% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
21% Male
2% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 55401?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.