Photo of Felicity Debono, Registered Psychotherapist in L1E, ON
Felicity Debono
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, RP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Courtice, ON L1E  (Online Only)
Are you feeling discouraged, anxious, or depressed? Are you feeling like you cannot trust yourself anymore? Are you feeling like you need to finally start putting yourself first for once? I am here to help. I understand how vulnerable you may feel making the first step, but know I'm proud of you for coming even this far! If you want to start trusting yourself and building your confidence, we can create attainable goals and help you achieve them. I aim to provide a safe space through mindfulness based techniques, and other outside the box tools as well. If you feel most safe with a candle on, or rock music, I'm here for it!
Are you feeling discouraged, anxious, or depressed? Are you feeling like you cannot trust yourself anymore? Are you feeling like you need to finally start putting yourself first for once? I am here to help. I understand how vulnerable you may feel making the first step, but know I'm proud of you for coming even this far! If you want to start trusting yourself and building your confidence, we can create attainable goals and help you achieve them. I aim to provide a safe space through mindfulness based techniques, and other outside the box tools as well. If you feel most safe with a candle on, or rock music, I'm here for it!
(289) 272-8289 View (289) 272-8289
Photo of Tanya Opoku - Forward First Therapy Services, Registered Psychotherapist in L1E, ON
Tanya Opoku - Forward First Therapy Services
Registered Psychotherapist, BA, MA
Verified Verified
Courtice, ON L1E
Sometimes we need to muster up the courage to ask for the support required to find ourselves again. Are you feeling anxious or overwhelmed with a lot on your plate right now? Dealing with family conflict? Have you experienced past or present challenges or changes that you need support to navigate? With me you can expect a therapist that is empathetic and understanding but also skilled in goal attainment. I work from a trauma informed, non-judgmental and multicultural lens and you can also expect warmth and sensitivity within our relationship. Reach out If you are ready to take steps towards creating a life you can be proud of
Sometimes we need to muster up the courage to ask for the support required to find ourselves again. Are you feeling anxious or overwhelmed with a lot on your plate right now? Dealing with family conflict? Have you experienced past or present challenges or changes that you need support to navigate? With me you can expect a therapist that is empathetic and understanding but also skilled in goal attainment. I work from a trauma informed, non-judgmental and multicultural lens and you can also expect warmth and sensitivity within our relationship. Reach out If you are ready to take steps towards creating a life you can be proud of
(289) 312-0281 View (289) 312-0281
Photo of Colleen Kennedy, Registered Psychotherapist in L1E, ON
Colleen Kennedy
Registered Psychotherapist, BCC, MA, RP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Courtice, ON L1E
Not accepting new clients
Hard-wired into every human being is the deep need for connection. Wonderful and meaningful at times, relationships can be equally exasperating and painful! Helping individuals and couples to develop healthy relationships is my passion. With many years of experience, I have also helped clients of all ages and backgrounds in the areas of anxiety, depression, parenting and marriage, self-esteem, shame, abuse, trauma, sexuality, stage of life adjustments, grieving/loss, emotional awareness and regulation, OCD, PTSD, and other life stressors. Supporting clients on their faith journey, is also an area of specialization.
Hard-wired into every human being is the deep need for connection. Wonderful and meaningful at times, relationships can be equally exasperating and painful! Helping individuals and couples to develop healthy relationships is my passion. With many years of experience, I have also helped clients of all ages and backgrounds in the areas of anxiety, depression, parenting and marriage, self-esteem, shame, abuse, trauma, sexuality, stage of life adjustments, grieving/loss, emotional awareness and regulation, OCD, PTSD, and other life stressors. Supporting clients on their faith journey, is also an area of specialization.
(289) 804-0632 x8 View (289) 804-0632 x8
Photo of Choice Therapy 4U, Registered Social Worker in L1E, ON
Choice Therapy 4U
Registered Social Worker, BSW, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Courtice, ON L1E
CHOICE is an acronym that represents the values inherent in the care that you will receive when working with Catherine Crea. CHOICE: Compassionate, Humanistic, Openness, Inclusive, Creative, and Ethical. The vision is an integrated whole (mind, body, emotion, and spirit) for everyone. The mission is to provide a warm nurturing and supportive environment that enables an open reflective rapport; that supports an individual to thrive. Catherine has the skills to support you in overcoming various life challenges (mental health issues, divorce, parenting, and marriage counseling). Supporting you to believe in yourself and your strength.
CHOICE is an acronym that represents the values inherent in the care that you will receive when working with Catherine Crea. CHOICE: Compassionate, Humanistic, Openness, Inclusive, Creative, and Ethical. The vision is an integrated whole (mind, body, emotion, and spirit) for everyone. The mission is to provide a warm nurturing and supportive environment that enables an open reflective rapport; that supports an individual to thrive. Catherine has the skills to support you in overcoming various life challenges (mental health issues, divorce, parenting, and marriage counseling). Supporting you to believe in yourself and your strength.
(289) 277-6509 View (289) 277-6509
Photo of Magishaa Thiyagarajah, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) in L1E, ON
Magishaa Thiyagarajah
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying)
Verified Verified
Courtice, ON L1E
I am dedicated to fostering a safe, inclusive and respectful space, and believe firmly that healing happens on the foundation of a trusting, authentic relationship. Together we will establish a plan to help you create positive change in your life that may include disrupting patterns, making new choices, addressing barriers and identifying what’s most meaningful to you.
I am dedicated to fostering a safe, inclusive and respectful space, and believe firmly that healing happens on the foundation of a trusting, authentic relationship. Together we will establish a plan to help you create positive change in your life that may include disrupting patterns, making new choices, addressing barriers and identifying what’s most meaningful to you.
(289) 207-6424 View (289) 207-6424
Photo of Janina Kanonas, Registered Psychotherapist in L1E, ON
Janina Kanonas
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, BA, RP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Courtice, ON L1E
We all go through seasons in life where we could use some extra support. I am committed to partnering with you through the emotional and/or relational challenges you are facing. If you are looking for a safe place to explore how to make changes for yourself and your relationships, I invite you to reach out. I will come alongside you with my authentic presence, compassion and a true desire to understand your unique situation and what you have lived through. I will partner with you to bring more safety, wholeness and healing to your body, mind and relationships.
We all go through seasons in life where we could use some extra support. I am committed to partnering with you through the emotional and/or relational challenges you are facing. If you are looking for a safe place to explore how to make changes for yourself and your relationships, I invite you to reach out. I will come alongside you with my authentic presence, compassion and a true desire to understand your unique situation and what you have lived through. I will partner with you to bring more safety, wholeness and healing to your body, mind and relationships.
(289) 207-7985 View (289) 207-7985
Photo of Michelle Chew, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) in L1E, ON
Michelle Chew
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying)
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Courtice, ON L1E
Accepting new clients! Are you struggling with low self-esteem? Do you find setting boundaries difficult? Are you looking for better ways to communicate with others? I'd love to walk alongside you as we explore the beliefs and habits in your life that you'd like to change. I am passionate about supporting individuals and couples by exploring their concerns in the greater context of their lives. I know how intimidating vulnerability can be, so I commit to walking through this journey with you at your own pace.
Accepting new clients! Are you struggling with low self-esteem? Do you find setting boundaries difficult? Are you looking for better ways to communicate with others? I'd love to walk alongside you as we explore the beliefs and habits in your life that you'd like to change. I am passionate about supporting individuals and couples by exploring their concerns in the greater context of their lives. I know how intimidating vulnerability can be, so I commit to walking through this journey with you at your own pace.
(289) 536-3963 View (289) 536-3963
Photo of Sandy Broad, Registered Psychotherapist in L1E, ON
Sandy Broad
Registered Psychotherapist, MPS, RP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Courtice, ON L1E
With personal sensitivities and experience in grief and bereavement I have a deep interest in personal suffering and trying to find meaning in the midst of life’s challenges.
With personal sensitivities and experience in grief and bereavement I have a deep interest in personal suffering and trying to find meaning in the midst of life’s challenges.
View
Photo of Nature’s Path Healing Center-Neurofeedback , Psychiatric Nurse in L1E, ON
Nature’s Path Healing Center-Neurofeedback
Psychiatric Nurse, RN
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Courtice, ON L1E
Hello! My name is Holly, I've been a registered nurse for 23 years and I run a neurofeedback center called Nature’s Path healing center where we believe in holistic healing to end suffering. In today’s fast paced and unpredictable world, it’s easy to feel overwhelmed and “stuck” in patterns of thinking and behaving that hinder healthy mindsets. It is not unexpected that people are feeling more mentally and physically burnt out and unsure how to move forward to feel more balanced. Neurofeedback supports the brain in developing greater resiliency and flexibility and in general, the mind and body’s capacity for healing.
Hello! My name is Holly, I've been a registered nurse for 23 years and I run a neurofeedback center called Nature’s Path healing center where we believe in holistic healing to end suffering. In today’s fast paced and unpredictable world, it’s easy to feel overwhelmed and “stuck” in patterns of thinking and behaving that hinder healthy mindsets. It is not unexpected that people are feeling more mentally and physically burnt out and unsure how to move forward to feel more balanced. Neurofeedback supports the brain in developing greater resiliency and flexibility and in general, the mind and body’s capacity for healing.
(289) 274-7972 View (289) 274-7972
Photo of Felicity Debono, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) in L1E, ON
Felicity Debono
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying)
Verified Verified
Courtice, ON L1E
If you are feeling a lack of control in your life, and want to start putting yourself first for once, I am here to help. I know how hard starting this process can be, and I strive to provide a safe space for you to feel confident to reach your goals. I do not believe in providing band aid solutions, but lasting results.
If you are feeling a lack of control in your life, and want to start putting yourself first for once, I am here to help. I know how hard starting this process can be, and I strive to provide a safe space for you to feel confident to reach your goals. I do not believe in providing band aid solutions, but lasting results.
(289) 272-7166 View (289) 272-7166
Photo of Roisin McIlwee - Restorative Mind Body Connections, Registered Social Worker in L1E, ON
Roisin McIlwee - Restorative Mind Body Connections
Registered Social Worker, BA, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Courtice, ON L1E
We all see the world through our unique lens, which can make finding the right therapist and strategy challenging. That's why I believe in designing a personalized plan for each of my clients to help them achieve success. By taking a holistic approach that considers the mind, body, and emotions, you can be empowered to create positive change in your life.
We all see the world through our unique lens, which can make finding the right therapist and strategy challenging. That's why I believe in designing a personalized plan for each of my clients to help them achieve success. By taking a holistic approach that considers the mind, body, and emotions, you can be empowered to create positive change in your life.
(289) 206-2258 View (289) 206-2258
Photo of Rosalyn Goddard, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) in L1E, ON
Rosalyn Goddard
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), BA Psyc
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Courtice, ON L1E
I help teenagers and adults who are looking for somewhere safe to sort through difficult emotions, life transitions, stress or are feeling overwhelmed. I can be with you and support you in coming into yourself, understanding how you got where you are and finding your way forward. I offer supportive individual and couples counselling that is confidential and client-centered. Together we can examine patterns in your life and identify ways to expand your capacity to cope with emotional or relational challenges that you are facing.
I help teenagers and adults who are looking for somewhere safe to sort through difficult emotions, life transitions, stress or are feeling overwhelmed. I can be with you and support you in coming into yourself, understanding how you got where you are and finding your way forward. I offer supportive individual and couples counselling that is confidential and client-centered. Together we can examine patterns in your life and identify ways to expand your capacity to cope with emotional or relational challenges that you are facing.
(289) 274-8138 View (289) 274-8138
Photo of Cynthia Perry Brown, Registered Psychotherapist in L1E, ON
Cynthia Perry Brown
Registered Psychotherapist, RN, RP, BScN, BEd, MEd(Psy
Verified Verified
Courtice, ON L1E
Not accepting new clients
I work with adults who are feeling distressed by issues such as anxiety, depression, trauma, relationship difficulties, workplace stress, family conflict, loss, physical illness, pain, and self-esteem. Often these difficulties are rooted in life experiences that have contributed to feelings of sadness, anger, self-doubt, and shame. In our work together you can learn to understand and change repetitive patterns of thinking and behavior, and learn to be more compassionate with yourself. We will also identify new skills and strategies that can help you to make positive changes in your life
I work with adults who are feeling distressed by issues such as anxiety, depression, trauma, relationship difficulties, workplace stress, family conflict, loss, physical illness, pain, and self-esteem. Often these difficulties are rooted in life experiences that have contributed to feelings of sadness, anger, self-doubt, and shame. In our work together you can learn to understand and change repetitive patterns of thinking and behavior, and learn to be more compassionate with yourself. We will also identify new skills and strategies that can help you to make positive changes in your life
(289) 312-4863 View (289) 312-4863
Photo of Hope Harbour Centre in L1E, ON
Hope Harbour Centre
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Courtice, ON L1E  (Online Only)
Do you struggle with anxiety or depression affecting your ability to function at work or home? Do you feel overwhelmed by the thought that there's no light at the end of the tunnel? Do you hope that life could be better? Now more than ever, people feel uncertain about finding their place in life. Not addressing your depression and anxiety can lead to feeling exhausted and unable to function. We believe it shouldn't be so hard to live a better life.
Do you struggle with anxiety or depression affecting your ability to function at work or home? Do you feel overwhelmed by the thought that there's no light at the end of the tunnel? Do you hope that life could be better? Now more than ever, people feel uncertain about finding their place in life. Not addressing your depression and anxiety can lead to feeling exhausted and unable to function. We believe it shouldn't be so hard to live a better life.
(289) 277-6909 View (289) 277-6909
Photo of Renata Christen, Registered Social Worker in L1E, ON
Renata Christen
Registered Social Worker, RSW, MSW, BA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Courtice, ON L1E  (Online Only)
From fertility to parenting, the journey of motherhood isn't always as exciting as it may seem. It can also bring on feelings of anxiety, overwhelm, grief, anger, doubt, or panic. Each journey is unique and brings on its own challenges and emotions, so if you are experiencing symptoms of perinatal anxiety or depression, have experienced birth trauma, or you feel heavy, lost or alone, it may be helpful to talk and get support. I am here to journey with you as you find your path in motherhood that brings you greater peace, balance, and joy.
From fertility to parenting, the journey of motherhood isn't always as exciting as it may seem. It can also bring on feelings of anxiety, overwhelm, grief, anger, doubt, or panic. Each journey is unique and brings on its own challenges and emotions, so if you are experiencing symptoms of perinatal anxiety or depression, have experienced birth trauma, or you feel heavy, lost or alone, it may be helpful to talk and get support. I am here to journey with you as you find your path in motherhood that brings you greater peace, balance, and joy.
(289) 270-6903 View (289) 270-6903
Photo of Brooke Mason, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) in L1E, ON
Brooke Mason
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), BA Psyc, MACP, RP (Q)
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Courtice, ON L1E
Accepting New Clients- Do you or your child struggle with emotions or overwhelming thoughts that impact your daily life? Do you ever feel a sense of hopelessness, as if there is no light at the end of the tunnel? Do you seek to live a happier life? If the answer is yes to any of the above questions, I believe that by working together we can accomplish your path to happiness, one that is filled with balance and replenishment. I provide a non-judgemental and empathetic approach that best suits your unique needs and would be happy to assist you on your journey.
Accepting New Clients- Do you or your child struggle with emotions or overwhelming thoughts that impact your daily life? Do you ever feel a sense of hopelessness, as if there is no light at the end of the tunnel? Do you seek to live a happier life? If the answer is yes to any of the above questions, I believe that by working together we can accomplish your path to happiness, one that is filled with balance and replenishment. I provide a non-judgemental and empathetic approach that best suits your unique needs and would be happy to assist you on your journey.
(289) 236-8389 View (289) 236-8389
Photo of Adrianna Saldutto, Registered Social Worker in L1E, ON
Adrianna Saldutto
Registered Social Worker, MSW, BSW, RSW
Verified Verified
Courtice, ON L1E  (Online Only)
I am passionate about helping individuals identify their strengths and potenial. I have worked extensively with individuals who have experienced abuse, trauma, mental illness, and substance use. I work from a client-centered approach and believe that everyone can benefit from therapy. I enjoy supporting clients in creating a life they want while developing skills to cope with everyday stress and triggers.
I am passionate about helping individuals identify their strengths and potenial. I have worked extensively with individuals who have experienced abuse, trauma, mental illness, and substance use. I work from a client-centered approach and believe that everyone can benefit from therapy. I enjoy supporting clients in creating a life they want while developing skills to cope with everyday stress and triggers.
(289) 217-0901 View (289) 217-0901
Photo of Lidia Nikolic, Registered Psychotherapist in L1E, ON
Lidia Nikolic
Registered Psychotherapist, MACP, RP, CCC
Verified Verified
Courtice, ON L1E  (Online Only)
Life can present us with unique challenges, and seeking support is a courageous step toward positive change. I believe in the power of empathy and genuine connection in creating a safe and supportive therapeutic space. Whether you’re struggling with anxiety, navigating life transitions, or facing relationship difficulties, I am here to support you on your path to healing and growth. Together, we can work towards building resilience, developing effective coping strategies, and fostering a greater sense of well-being.
Life can present us with unique challenges, and seeking support is a courageous step toward positive change. I believe in the power of empathy and genuine connection in creating a safe and supportive therapeutic space. Whether you’re struggling with anxiety, navigating life transitions, or facing relationship difficulties, I am here to support you on your path to healing and growth. Together, we can work towards building resilience, developing effective coping strategies, and fostering a greater sense of well-being.
View
Photo of Rachael Pogue, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) in L1E, ON
Rachael Pogue
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), MACP, RP(Q), CRPO
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Courtice, ON L1E  (Online Only)
Accepting new clients! - It can be very difficult to seek help, but I want to thank you for your courageous and brave first step. It would be a privilege to be a part of your journey towards healing and growth. My goal is to provide you with a safe, open, compassionate, non-judgmental, and supportive environment in order to welcome your vulnerability and navigate your self-discovery experience.
Accepting new clients! - It can be very difficult to seek help, but I want to thank you for your courageous and brave first step. It would be a privilege to be a part of your journey towards healing and growth. My goal is to provide you with a safe, open, compassionate, non-judgmental, and supportive environment in order to welcome your vulnerability and navigate your self-discovery experience.
(289) 312-1476 View (289) 312-1476
Photo of Susan Lynn Kay, Marriage & Family Therapist in L1E, ON
Susan Lynn Kay
Marriage & Family Therapist, BA(Psy), MSc, RMFT, RP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Courtice, ON L1E
I consider it a special privilege to be able to work with individuals, couples and families as they try to navigate the challenges that life can bring. I do not see myself as the 'expert' in a person's life or experience but work with my clients to help them to break down the barriers that can get in the way of being the person, couple or family that they would prefer to be. My approach is collaborative and I believe that a strong therapeutic connection creates a climate for change that can have lasting results.
I consider it a special privilege to be able to work with individuals, couples and families as they try to navigate the challenges that life can bring. I do not see myself as the 'expert' in a person's life or experience but work with my clients to help them to break down the barriers that can get in the way of being the person, couple or family that they would prefer to be. My approach is collaborative and I believe that a strong therapeutic connection creates a climate for change that can have lasting results.
(877) 959-9205 View (877) 959-9205

See more therapy options for L1E

Nearby Searches for L1E

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in L1E

60+

Average cost per session

$150

Counsellors in L1E who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
94% Depression
86% Relationship Issues
83% Stress
82% Self Esteem
70% Grief
68% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

8 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

69% Green Shield Canada
56% Manulife
56% Canada Life | Great-West Life

How Counsellors in L1E see their clients

82% In Person and Online
18% Online Only

Gender breakdown

94% Female
6% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in L1E?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postal code, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postal code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Most Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are certified by one of the main professional associations, mainly the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association (CCPA), and will have a Certified Canadian Counsellor (CCC) designation with their name. Social Workers listed in the directory must be registered members of the college specific to their province. To be listed in the directory, Psychologists must be registered with the psychological college specific to their province or territory.

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given the considerable variation in professional regulation and prerequisites across Canadian provinces, some providers may possess significant professional qualifications without necessarily holding professional memberships or being obliged to acquire them. As a result, they may be selectively included without the "Verified" seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Psychologists, counsellors, psychotherapists and social workers can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and supervised, practical experience that enable them to do so in Canada.

Psychologists have a master's and/or doctoral degree and have passed both written and oral exams. Psychologists are able to complete mental health assessments and provide diagnostic information to clients as well as provide counselling therapy or psychotherapy. Counsellors and psychotherapists are expected to have a master's or doctoral degree in counselling psychology, social work, or a related mental health discipline and certification by a professional association, such as the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association. Registered Social Workers possess a Bachelor's or Master's degree in Social Work and where possible must be licensed or certified by the provincial government and/or regulatory college.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Canada could be between $100 and $200. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. Some types of outpatient mental health services are covered by Medicare, provided these are performed by a licensed mental health professional in the provinces or territory you reside in and who accepts the assignment.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postal code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Professionals licensed by regulatory colleges and those certified by associations such as the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association are obligated to uphold client confidentiality unless there is a legal reason that requires them to disclose information. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others, or a court order, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.