Photo of Elise Ann Pinkowski in 85004, AZ
Elise Ann Pinkowski
LMSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Phoenix, AZ 85004
I believe that everyone has the capacity and strength to make meaningful changes in their lives. For over ten years, I have helped adults of all backgrounds and identities work through symptoms of depression, anxiety, anger, trauma and addiction. I also have experience helping individuals navigate the emotional distress of surviving violence, homelessness and the criminal justice system. I believe the therapeutic relationship can be a validating experience and an essential component of the healing process. We all need a space to feel safe enough to express ourselves without judgement or shame.
I believe that everyone has the capacity and strength to make meaningful changes in their lives. For over ten years, I have helped adults of all backgrounds and identities work through symptoms of depression, anxiety, anger, trauma and addiction. I also have experience helping individuals navigate the emotional distress of surviving violence, homelessness and the criminal justice system. I believe the therapeutic relationship can be a validating experience and an essential component of the healing process. We all need a space to feel safe enough to express ourselves without judgement or shame.
(602) 854-9951 View (602) 854-9951
Photo of Andre Abrams, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 85004, AZ
Andre Abrams
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, BHP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Phoenix, AZ 85004
Not accepting new clients
My ideal client is a man, woman, or couple who is looking for a safe place to heal. A safe place to be heard, listened to, validated, but also gently challenged to reach your goals. My number one goal is to make sure there is trust, and comfortability with us working together. I can’t wait to start working with you! I have immediate availability and could start working with you quickly! Feel free to call or send me an email!
My ideal client is a man, woman, or couple who is looking for a safe place to heal. A safe place to be heard, listened to, validated, but also gently challenged to reach your goals. My number one goal is to make sure there is trust, and comfortability with us working together. I can’t wait to start working with you! I have immediate availability and could start working with you quickly! Feel free to call or send me an email!
(602) 641-2939 View (602) 641-2939
Photo of Lisa J. Cole, LPC, Counselor in 85004, AZ
Lisa J. Cole, LPC
Counselor, MC, LPC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85004
I've been practicing in the Valley for over 23 years. My approach to therapy is humanistic/existential and strengths based which is individualized to meet the unique needs of the individual, couple or family. I have extensive experience working with individuals aged 11-85 in the forensic and private settings. I have morning, afternoon and evening appointments available. Rapport between you and your therapist is key...good luck with your search. All services are provided telemed via telephone or video. To request/schedule an appt. copy and paste this into your browser: www.therapyportal.com/p/lisajcole/
I've been practicing in the Valley for over 23 years. My approach to therapy is humanistic/existential and strengths based which is individualized to meet the unique needs of the individual, couple or family. I have extensive experience working with individuals aged 11-85 in the forensic and private settings. I have morning, afternoon and evening appointments available. Rapport between you and your therapist is key...good luck with your search. All services are provided telemed via telephone or video. To request/schedule an appt. copy and paste this into your browser: www.therapyportal.com/p/lisajcole/
(480) 420-9426 View (480) 420-9426
Photo of Sybil Nwulu, Counselor in 85004, AZ
Sybil Nwulu
Counselor, MS, MC, LAC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Phoenix, AZ 85004
Not accepting new clients
I view therapy as a space for you, the client to be unequivocally yourself while recognizing that there are so many internal and interpersonal factors alongside systems in place that may contribute to the pain, anxiety, and discomfort one feels. You are the most important person in your own life, and once you start to care for yourself in healing ways, this can be extended to others who you care for and love. I believe that it is important to walk patiently with every individual and I also believe that it is important to discuss how cultural beliefs and societal roles may influence one’s perception and experiences.
I view therapy as a space for you, the client to be unequivocally yourself while recognizing that there are so many internal and interpersonal factors alongside systems in place that may contribute to the pain, anxiety, and discomfort one feels. You are the most important person in your own life, and once you start to care for yourself in healing ways, this can be extended to others who you care for and love. I believe that it is important to walk patiently with every individual and I also believe that it is important to discuss how cultural beliefs and societal roles may influence one’s perception and experiences.
View
Photo of Meghan Terwilliger, Licensed Professional Counselor in 85004, AZ
Meghan Terwilliger
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, CCTP-II, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Phoenix, AZ 85004
You feel overwhelmed, stuck, and maybe even broken. You don’t know if you deserve help, you don’t even know where to start. You want to feel okay again, to feel normal. It seems like everyone around you is talking about their struggles and their experiences but you never feel truly connected enough to fully share your struggles. Even if you did, would they listen? Would they understand? Could they help?
You feel overwhelmed, stuck, and maybe even broken. You don’t know if you deserve help, you don’t even know where to start. You want to feel okay again, to feel normal. It seems like everyone around you is talking about their struggles and their experiences but you never feel truly connected enough to fully share your struggles. Even if you did, would they listen? Would they understand? Could they help?
(480) 210-7639 View (480) 210-7639
Photo of Daniel Jude Nichols, Counselor in 85004, AZ
Daniel Jude Nichols
Counselor, PhD, CAGS, MA, LAC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85004
I offer a welcoming open environment that will help you pursue personal growth. I can guide clients struggling with relationships, negative habits, grief, & self-esteem. Students can benefit through increased organization and motivation. You may wish to enhance your self-image, overcome negative habits, and move toward a healthier lifestyle. My experience is a CEO can help entrepreneurs overcome the anxiety that risk represents. I also specialize in concentration, focus, and image consultation. My extensive experience optimizing mental performance can aid athletes, executives, and individuals seeking peak performance.
I offer a welcoming open environment that will help you pursue personal growth. I can guide clients struggling with relationships, negative habits, grief, & self-esteem. Students can benefit through increased organization and motivation. You may wish to enhance your self-image, overcome negative habits, and move toward a healthier lifestyle. My experience is a CEO can help entrepreneurs overcome the anxiety that risk represents. I also specialize in concentration, focus, and image consultation. My extensive experience optimizing mental performance can aid athletes, executives, and individuals seeking peak performance.
(602) 560-8104 View (602) 560-8104
Photo of Caleb Mitchell, Counselor in 85004, AZ
Caleb Mitchell
Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Phoenix, AZ 85004
You may have landed on this professional profile because you are taking stock of your life and realize that the life you have is not the one you envisioned for yourself. Whether you are bored or in a lot of pain, you may be seeking growth and change, possibly a sense of aliveness. Counseling can be a safe, nurturing setting to slow down and listen to your soul and your body. As you become aware of yourself, you begin to understand how you got to where you are, why you do what you do, and what new paths are possible to you. As a trained therapist from a relational-psychodynamic perspective, I see therapy as a collaborative process.
You may have landed on this professional profile because you are taking stock of your life and realize that the life you have is not the one you envisioned for yourself. Whether you are bored or in a lot of pain, you may be seeking growth and change, possibly a sense of aliveness. Counseling can be a safe, nurturing setting to slow down and listen to your soul and your body. As you become aware of yourself, you begin to understand how you got to where you are, why you do what you do, and what new paths are possible to you. As a trained therapist from a relational-psychodynamic perspective, I see therapy as a collaborative process.
(928) 597-3870 View (928) 597-3870
Photo of Sabino Springs Counseling, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 85004, AZ
Sabino Springs Counseling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85004
Feeling like we are never enough, being taken for granted, exhausted, overwhelmed, and anxious are common emotions in our fast-paced world. We can get wired to focus on our deficits vs our strengths. In our work together, I'll support you in setting boundaries and in maintaining self-respect. We'll identify and challenge unhelpful beliefs that feed into these negative thoughts and emotions. We'll look at where beliefs stem from such as trauma, family of origin, adverse life experiences, and social/cultural pressure. Understanding HOW we learned, can empower us to get "unstuck" and to learn more helpful ways to navigate life.
Feeling like we are never enough, being taken for granted, exhausted, overwhelmed, and anxious are common emotions in our fast-paced world. We can get wired to focus on our deficits vs our strengths. In our work together, I'll support you in setting boundaries and in maintaining self-respect. We'll identify and challenge unhelpful beliefs that feed into these negative thoughts and emotions. We'll look at where beliefs stem from such as trauma, family of origin, adverse life experiences, and social/cultural pressure. Understanding HOW we learned, can empower us to get "unstuck" and to learn more helpful ways to navigate life.
(928) 564-6284 View (928) 564-6284
Photo of Austin Obika, Licensed Professional Counselor in 85004, AZ
Austin Obika
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85004  (Online Only)
As a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) with over 14 years of experience working with clients, my primary focus is on providing supportive, warm mental health care aimed at improving your overall life. I am deeply committed to fostering a safe and nurturing therapeutic environment that promotes growth and a sense of security. My specialties include behavioral health, family and relationship issues, as well as trauma, anxiety and depression, and anger management. very person's journey is unique, and I strive to create a space where individuals can feel genuinely heard, understood, and supported.
As a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) with over 14 years of experience working with clients, my primary focus is on providing supportive, warm mental health care aimed at improving your overall life. I am deeply committed to fostering a safe and nurturing therapeutic environment that promotes growth and a sense of security. My specialties include behavioral health, family and relationship issues, as well as trauma, anxiety and depression, and anger management. very person's journey is unique, and I strive to create a space where individuals can feel genuinely heard, understood, and supported.
(928) 496-0661 View (928) 496-0661
Photo of Shae Moreau, Counselor in 85004, AZ
Shae Moreau
Counselor, MC, LAC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85004
As a neurodiverse, biromantic, asexual, non-binary person, I recognize the need for therapists who are open and affirming of client identities. I have seen people change through the power of genuine, non-judgmental counseling that allows people a safe space to look at themselves and how they want to fit into the world. My goal is to provide that same warmth and compassion in a way that is tailored to fit an individual’s needs. I firmly believe that everyone has what it takes to grow, and I am here to provide the reflective space for that growth.
As a neurodiverse, biromantic, asexual, non-binary person, I recognize the need for therapists who are open and affirming of client identities. I have seen people change through the power of genuine, non-judgmental counseling that allows people a safe space to look at themselves and how they want to fit into the world. My goal is to provide that same warmth and compassion in a way that is tailored to fit an individual’s needs. I firmly believe that everyone has what it takes to grow, and I am here to provide the reflective space for that growth.
(480) 780-3125 View (480) 780-3125
Photo of Heather Burt, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 85004, AZ
Heather Burt
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85004  (Online Only)
The world can seem overwhelming at times. Work, kids, significant others and life bear down on us. If you find yourself overwhelmed, sad, lacking motivation, joy, feeling guilt,shame, anxious, struggling in a relationship, asking the inner you; What am I doing? Why am I feeling this way? You are not alone. With adjustments in thinking, behaviors, and coping, you can become mentally and emotionally stronger to take on whatever life brings!
The world can seem overwhelming at times. Work, kids, significant others and life bear down on us. If you find yourself overwhelmed, sad, lacking motivation, joy, feeling guilt,shame, anxious, struggling in a relationship, asking the inner you; What am I doing? Why am I feeling this way? You are not alone. With adjustments in thinking, behaviors, and coping, you can become mentally and emotionally stronger to take on whatever life brings!
(602) 560-7016 View (602) 560-7016
Photo of Paul Ryan Burton, Counselor in 85004, AZ
Paul Ryan Burton
Counselor, MS, LAC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85004
Tired of carrying around your anxiety and depression every day? Does it feel like you’re wearing a full backpack all the time? Do work and relationships add to your life or just use up your energy? If you’re tired of life feeling heavy, I can help you with that. There is a reason for the way you feel, and we will uncover and resolve that reason. Gaining new information that allows manageable change in our lives lightens our daily burden and improves relationships, work, and life. Are you ready to take off that backpack and live less seriously and more freely? If so, I hope you'll email me.
Tired of carrying around your anxiety and depression every day? Does it feel like you’re wearing a full backpack all the time? Do work and relationships add to your life or just use up your energy? If you’re tired of life feeling heavy, I can help you with that. There is a reason for the way you feel, and we will uncover and resolve that reason. Gaining new information that allows manageable change in our lives lightens our daily burden and improves relationships, work, and life. Are you ready to take off that backpack and live less seriously and more freely? If so, I hope you'll email me.
(480) 729-5975 View (480) 729-5975
Photo of Birches Health, Licensed Professional Counselor in 85004, AZ
Birches Health
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85004
Are you worried about your gambling and unsure of where to turn for help? Birches Health is a gambling addiction specialist. Our providers have over 30 years in the field providing high quality problem gambling care individuals struggling with addiction and their loved ones. Our Clinical Director was awarded the first contract by the state of Arizona to work with problem gamblers, and to this day we remain contracted with the state to work with gamblers and affected persons across Arizona and the US.
Are you worried about your gambling and unsure of where to turn for help? Birches Health is a gambling addiction specialist. Our providers have over 30 years in the field providing high quality problem gambling care individuals struggling with addiction and their loved ones. Our Clinical Director was awarded the first contract by the state of Arizona to work with problem gamblers, and to this day we remain contracted with the state to work with gamblers and affected persons across Arizona and the US.
(928) 767-7501 View (928) 767-7501
Photo of Paradigm Shift Therapies, Licensed Professional Counselor in 85004, AZ
Paradigm Shift Therapies
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, LISAC, CCTS-I
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85004
Take the first step and reach out! Paradigm Shift Therapies Vision: To empower individuals through a life-altering therapeutic experience to enhance change and growth! Change starts from within...... If you are serious about making a change in your life, call. Be aware, life changing therapy is not easy, can be emotionally painful, but if you are willing to do the work, the payoff is indescribable. The hardest decision you have to make in this moment is....... are you ready to take the chance!
Take the first step and reach out! Paradigm Shift Therapies Vision: To empower individuals through a life-altering therapeutic experience to enhance change and growth! Change starts from within...... If you are serious about making a change in your life, call. Be aware, life changing therapy is not easy, can be emotionally painful, but if you are willing to do the work, the payoff is indescribable. The hardest decision you have to make in this moment is....... are you ready to take the chance!
(602) 353-7068 View (602) 353-7068
Photo of Clarke Scott, Counselor in 85004, AZ
Clarke Scott
Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Phoenix, AZ 85004
Have you ever experienced a difficulty that left you feeling isolated? Or a relationship that just didn’t make sense? These are all parts of being human but can leave us feeling unsettled, disconnected, confused, and hurt. I genuinely enjoy connecting with people, hearing their stories, and helping them through the hard times. Above all else, I find it important to create a safe space for my clients to feel secure enough to speak openly and show the more vulnerable parts of themselves. I do this by creating an environment of trust based on direct and authentic communication.
Have you ever experienced a difficulty that left you feeling isolated? Or a relationship that just didn’t make sense? These are all parts of being human but can leave us feeling unsettled, disconnected, confused, and hurt. I genuinely enjoy connecting with people, hearing their stories, and helping them through the hard times. Above all else, I find it important to create a safe space for my clients to feel secure enough to speak openly and show the more vulnerable parts of themselves. I do this by creating an environment of trust based on direct and authentic communication.
(480) 531-5951 View (480) 531-5951
Photo of Dorothy Hurd, Licensed Professional Counselor in 85004, AZ
Dorothy Hurd
Licensed Professional Counselor, MC, LPC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85004  (Online Only)
Life is often difficult and sometimes you may need help. It is my goal to provide a safe, comfortable and non-judgmental place for you to explore your own thoughts and feelings about your concerns. Whatever you are dealing with; relationships, work, family or individual problems such as grief, anxiety, depression or substance abuse, together we can identify options and create a plan that can help you to feel and function better. You can rediscover the joy in your life.
Life is often difficult and sometimes you may need help. It is my goal to provide a safe, comfortable and non-judgmental place for you to explore your own thoughts and feelings about your concerns. Whatever you are dealing with; relationships, work, family or individual problems such as grief, anxiety, depression or substance abuse, together we can identify options and create a plan that can help you to feel and function better. You can rediscover the joy in your life.
(480) 725-0758 View (480) 725-0758
Photo of Mercedes A Shingler, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 85004, AZ
Mercedes A Shingler
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85004
Immediate Openings! If you are here, you are likely struggling with one of the most difficult times in your life and I applaud your courage to seek help. As a trained listener, I will hold space for you with empathy. It is my passion to help people cope through those difficult moments whether it be due to trauma, relationship issues, grief and loss, or depression. Traumatic experiences can sometimes cause a desire to hide from the world in a dark hole hoping the pain will pass. I am here to bring a candle into that dark hole and join you there with kindness as we navigate the way out.
Immediate Openings! If you are here, you are likely struggling with one of the most difficult times in your life and I applaud your courage to seek help. As a trained listener, I will hold space for you with empathy. It is my passion to help people cope through those difficult moments whether it be due to trauma, relationship issues, grief and loss, or depression. Traumatic experiences can sometimes cause a desire to hide from the world in a dark hole hoping the pain will pass. I am here to bring a candle into that dark hole and join you there with kindness as we navigate the way out.
(520) 525-1383 View (520) 525-1383
Photo of Deborah Weir, Counselor in 85004, AZ
Deborah Weir
Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85004
I work with individuals and couples who want to actively create the lives or relationships they desire. By helping clients identify the blocks keeping them stuck, they are free to explore and experiment with more creative and effective ways of living. Group counseling can be especially helpful increasing self-awareness, creating support and experiencing validation.
I work with individuals and couples who want to actively create the lives or relationships they desire. By helping clients identify the blocks keeping them stuck, they are free to explore and experiment with more creative and effective ways of living. Group counseling can be especially helpful increasing self-awareness, creating support and experiencing validation.
(480) 685-5794 View (480) 685-5794
Photo of Arizona Family Counseling (a service of CFC) in 85004, AZ
Arizona Family Counseling (a service of CFC)
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85004
Arizona Family Counseling is committed to providing high-quality counseling and parent coaching services to strengthen individuals, couples, and families. We believe that your past and present experiences and support system greatly help or hinder your well-being and relationships. Our compassionate team is trained and experienced in understanding family systems, trauma, and attachment. We expertly utilize this understanding to help you work through anxiety, depression, relationship issues, grief, parenting needs, and behavioral difficulties.
Arizona Family Counseling is committed to providing high-quality counseling and parent coaching services to strengthen individuals, couples, and families. We believe that your past and present experiences and support system greatly help or hinder your well-being and relationships. Our compassionate team is trained and experienced in understanding family systems, trauma, and attachment. We expertly utilize this understanding to help you work through anxiety, depression, relationship issues, grief, parenting needs, and behavioral difficulties.
(623) 462-2036 View (623) 462-2036
Photo of Barbara Beck, Licensed Professional Counselor in 85004, AZ
Barbara Beck
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85004  (Online Only)
Now Accepting New Clients! Check my most up to date availability on my website! My expertise lies in helping people who are experiencing symptoms of anxiety and/or depression. Together we can discover the root cause, make changes if necessary, and move forward into a life full of confidence and freedom. There are many factors that can take away from our emotional and mental well-being, such as unresolved past experiences, relationship issues, or physical pain. Whatever the underlying factors might be, I believe in assisting others to address them. I believe everyone deserves the best quality of life possible.
Now Accepting New Clients! Check my most up to date availability on my website! My expertise lies in helping people who are experiencing symptoms of anxiety and/or depression. Together we can discover the root cause, make changes if necessary, and move forward into a life full of confidence and freedom. There are many factors that can take away from our emotional and mental well-being, such as unresolved past experiences, relationship issues, or physical pain. Whatever the underlying factors might be, I believe in assisting others to address them. I believe everyone deserves the best quality of life possible.
(480) 351-6417 View (480) 351-6417

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 85004

100+

Average cost per session

$140

Therapists in 85004 who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
85% Depression
77% Self Esteem
75% Trauma and PTSD
73% Relationship Issues
69% Coping Skills
69% Stress

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

84% Aetna
66% BlueCross and BlueShield
64% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in 85004 see their clients

50% In Person and Online
50% Online Only

Gender breakdown

72% Female
26% Male
2% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 85004?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.