Therapists in Phoenix, AZ

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Photo of Dalesha Smallwood, Counselor in Phoenix, AZ
Dalesha Smallwood
Counselor, LAC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85028  (Online Only)
Dalesha Smallwood, A Licensed Associate Counselor and Parent Coach that brings years of experience working with children. From her educational background in teaching, outpatient therapy and womens health, she has developed a profound understanding of relationships, and the connection between children and their parents. She graduated from Walden University with a masters degree in mental health counseling with a specialization in Marriage, Couples and Families. She also has a masters degree in Early Childhood Education with an emphasis on Administration & Development. She has worked with children and families for the past six years.
Dalesha Smallwood, A Licensed Associate Counselor and Parent Coach that brings years of experience working with children. From her educational background in teaching, outpatient therapy and womens health, she has developed a profound understanding of relationships, and the connection between children and their parents. She graduated from Walden University with a masters degree in mental health counseling with a specialization in Marriage, Couples and Families. She also has a masters degree in Early Childhood Education with an emphasis on Administration & Development. She has worked with children and families for the past six years.
(602) 755-2706 View (602) 755-2706
Photo of Aiden Sismondo -Gender Identity Center, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Phoenix, AZ
Aiden Sismondo -Gender Identity Center
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
8 Endorsed
Phoenix, AZ 85016
I am a compassionate and empathetic person, and my goal as your therapist is to provide a safe and non-judgmental setting while you embark on your gender journey. My therapeutic approaches include motivational interviewing, EMDR, solution-focused interventions, and person-centered engagement. Shortly after receiving my bachelor’s degree, I moved to Arizona and began my journey to discover my authentic self. In 2009, I made the courageous steps to live authentically as a transgender man and medically transition. Therefore, I bring a wealth of knowledge regarding resources to therapy.
I am a compassionate and empathetic person, and my goal as your therapist is to provide a safe and non-judgmental setting while you embark on your gender journey. My therapeutic approaches include motivational interviewing, EMDR, solution-focused interventions, and person-centered engagement. Shortly after receiving my bachelor’s degree, I moved to Arizona and began my journey to discover my authentic self. In 2009, I made the courageous steps to live authentically as a transgender man and medically transition. Therefore, I bring a wealth of knowledge regarding resources to therapy.
(623) 632-0363 View (623) 632-0363
Photo of Jordan Hicks, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Phoenix, AZ
Jordan Hicks
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
9 Endorsed
Phoenix, AZ 85016
Hi! I’m Jordan Hicks (she/they), and I am accepting new clients. I am a Licensed Master Social Worker at the Gender Identity Center in Phoenix. I received my bachelor’s degree from Arizona State University in Psychology with a focus on Gender Studies and Human Development. I earned my Master of Arts in Social Work from The University of Chicago, with a focus on trauma informed care. I recently moved back to Arizona to begin my professional career. I believe knowing oneself intimately is a special gift that we all deserve. Therapy can be used as a guiding tool in understanding your mind and body in more intimate ways.
Hi! I’m Jordan Hicks (she/they), and I am accepting new clients. I am a Licensed Master Social Worker at the Gender Identity Center in Phoenix. I received my bachelor’s degree from Arizona State University in Psychology with a focus on Gender Studies and Human Development. I earned my Master of Arts in Social Work from The University of Chicago, with a focus on trauma informed care. I recently moved back to Arizona to begin my professional career. I believe knowing oneself intimately is a special gift that we all deserve. Therapy can be used as a guiding tool in understanding your mind and body in more intimate ways.
(623) 253-8755 View (623) 253-8755
Photo of Candice Isaacson, Pre-Licensed Professional in Phoenix, AZ
Candice Isaacson
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS, LAC, LASAC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Phoenix, AZ 85029
Candice Isaacson is a Licensed Associate Counselor and Licensed Associate Substance Abuse Counselor through the AZ Board of Behavioral Health Examiners. Candice feels that you have the power inside you to stop addiction, heal from trauma, build self-confidence and break old patterns and habits that are no longer serving you in your current lifestyle. There comes a point in everyone’s life where they are ready to move forward with purpose and become their authentic self. Candice is here to help. She believes you can make the kind of changes in your life that will help you reach your goals.
Candice Isaacson is a Licensed Associate Counselor and Licensed Associate Substance Abuse Counselor through the AZ Board of Behavioral Health Examiners. Candice feels that you have the power inside you to stop addiction, heal from trauma, build self-confidence and break old patterns and habits that are no longer serving you in your current lifestyle. There comes a point in everyone’s life where they are ready to move forward with purpose and become their authentic self. Candice is here to help. She believes you can make the kind of changes in your life that will help you reach your goals.
(602) 780-2560 View (602) 780-2560
Photo of Adele Panico, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Phoenix, AZ
Adele Panico
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85020  (Online Only)
I believe the therapeutic relationship can serve a healing role in a person’s life. I utilize an interactive, person-centered approach. This approach is non-judgmental, warm and based in the belief that each person has resilience and strength. I was educated and worked for many years in NYC where I gained extensive experience providing therapy to a wide variety of individuals, especially women, young adults, and individuals who identify as LGBTQ + . I also have extensive experience with counseling patients around issues of depression, anxiety, grief, and relationship difficulties.
I believe the therapeutic relationship can serve a healing role in a person’s life. I utilize an interactive, person-centered approach. This approach is non-judgmental, warm and based in the belief that each person has resilience and strength. I was educated and worked for many years in NYC where I gained extensive experience providing therapy to a wide variety of individuals, especially women, young adults, and individuals who identify as LGBTQ + . I also have extensive experience with counseling patients around issues of depression, anxiety, grief, and relationship difficulties.
(602) 560-4638 View (602) 560-4638
Photo of The Mindful Lemon , Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Phoenix, AZ
The Mindful Lemon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85050  (Online Only)
Our mission is to provide quality online mental health and substance abuse services while breaking down the barriers of traditional, office based therapy. Traditional mental health and substance abuse treatment tends to focus on what makes you sick, what you are lacking but at The Mindful Lemon, our clinicians let you sit in the driver’s seat, focusing on your strengths and assets to help you become the best version of you! This can be via traditional talk therapy, medication management, mindfulness techniques, an emphasis on health, wellness and fitness or any combination of the above.v
Our mission is to provide quality online mental health and substance abuse services while breaking down the barriers of traditional, office based therapy. Traditional mental health and substance abuse treatment tends to focus on what makes you sick, what you are lacking but at The Mindful Lemon, our clinicians let you sit in the driver’s seat, focusing on your strengths and assets to help you become the best version of you! This can be via traditional talk therapy, medication management, mindfulness techniques, an emphasis on health, wellness and fitness or any combination of the above.v
(602) 838-7173 View (602) 838-7173
Photo of Mallory Lakin in Phoenix, AZ
Mallory Lakin
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Phoenix, AZ 85032
I believe that all of your emotions are valid and important. Together, we can find ways for you to work through your most challenging emotions, rather than getting over them. I believe you are the expert in your own life, and I am here to empower you to lean into the strengths you already possess and reach your fullest potential.
I believe that all of your emotions are valid and important. Together, we can find ways for you to work through your most challenging emotions, rather than getting over them. I believe you are the expert in your own life, and I am here to empower you to lean into the strengths you already possess and reach your fullest potential.
(602) 693-0587 View (602) 693-0587
Photo of Jennifer Vega, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Phoenix, AZ
Jennifer Vega
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, LAMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Phoenix, AZ 85020
Not accepting new clients
Quality relationships improve our life and create meaning. What is more important in life than family and friends? Everyone struggles from time to time to connect with others. To invest in the quality of your relationships through therapy is one of the best investments you can make with a return that lasts a lifetime. Whether it is coping with high school, college, career, marriage, welcoming a new baby, or adjusting to retirement, or grief and loss, therapy can help identify ways to improve and connect. When we experience trauma, we may also struggle to find our voice and therapy can help.
Quality relationships improve our life and create meaning. What is more important in life than family and friends? Everyone struggles from time to time to connect with others. To invest in the quality of your relationships through therapy is one of the best investments you can make with a return that lasts a lifetime. Whether it is coping with high school, college, career, marriage, welcoming a new baby, or adjusting to retirement, or grief and loss, therapy can help identify ways to improve and connect. When we experience trauma, we may also struggle to find our voice and therapy can help.
(602) 536-7641 View (602) 536-7641
Photo of Christy Stewart, Counselor in Phoenix, AZ
Christy Stewart
Counselor, LAC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85085
Hi! I specialize in the treatment of Trauma, Anxiety, PTSD, & Narcissistic Abuse. My methods includes EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing), DBT (Dialectical Behavior Therapy), CPT (Cognitive Processing Therapy for trauma), CBT (Cognitive Behavior Therapy). I apply a systems approach to life, feeling passionate about how our physical, mental, social, spiritual, and psychological systems can work together to improve our overall health.  I value the importance of the therapeutic alliance, and am dedicated to helping my clients feel seen, heard, and understood.
Hi! I specialize in the treatment of Trauma, Anxiety, PTSD, & Narcissistic Abuse. My methods includes EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing), DBT (Dialectical Behavior Therapy), CPT (Cognitive Processing Therapy for trauma), CBT (Cognitive Behavior Therapy). I apply a systems approach to life, feeling passionate about how our physical, mental, social, spiritual, and psychological systems can work together to improve our overall health.  I value the importance of the therapeutic alliance, and am dedicated to helping my clients feel seen, heard, and understood.
(520) 217-8149 View (520) 217-8149
Photo of Francesca Marie Mirizio, Pre-Licensed Professional in Phoenix, AZ
Francesca Marie Mirizio
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Phoenix, AZ 85044  (Online Only)
I can work with you as an ally during the most difficult phases of your life. You set the goals for change, and I will help guide you to reach them. I also have a great understanding of the dynamics of a healthy relationship and can also offer great insight to clients who struggle with relationship issues. As an Emotional Intelligence Life Coach, I can help you to master your emotions, reduce your stress, and develop emotional intelligence.
I can work with you as an ally during the most difficult phases of your life. You set the goals for change, and I will help guide you to reach them. I also have a great understanding of the dynamics of a healthy relationship and can also offer great insight to clients who struggle with relationship issues. As an Emotional Intelligence Life Coach, I can help you to master your emotions, reduce your stress, and develop emotional intelligence.
(480) 526-9387 View (480) 526-9387
Photo of Callie Miller - Gender Identity Center, Licensed Master Social Worker in Phoenix, AZ
Callie Miller - Gender Identity Center
Licensed Master Social Worker, LMSW
Verified Verified
9 Endorsed
Phoenix, AZ 85016
My approach is deeply person-centered, focusing on building resilience and empowering individuals on their ever evolving journey of self discovery to navigate life’s challenges. My background is rooted in community based services, and for the last four years I have worked with survivors of domestic abuse, individuals in crisis and children ages 3+ in various settings. I am a proud feminist and my work is centered around the recognition and subsequent destructing of the harsh systemic realities we find ourselves in. I am here to be your staunch advocate, encourager, and counsel. Together we will learn, unlearn, and grow as necessary.
My approach is deeply person-centered, focusing on building resilience and empowering individuals on their ever evolving journey of self discovery to navigate life’s challenges. My background is rooted in community based services, and for the last four years I have worked with survivors of domestic abuse, individuals in crisis and children ages 3+ in various settings. I am a proud feminist and my work is centered around the recognition and subsequent destructing of the harsh systemic realities we find ourselves in. I am here to be your staunch advocate, encourager, and counsel. Together we will learn, unlearn, and grow as necessary.
(623) 343-1040 View (623) 343-1040
Photo of Morgan Liptak, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Phoenix, AZ
Morgan Liptak
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MAS-MFT, LAMFT
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85016
I am passionate about helping individuals and couples who are navigating relational difficulties, life transitions, identity shifts, anxiety, and unprocessed trauma. I have found that many people in the millennial, young adult, and teen age range are experiencing a very unique set of challenges these days, often struggling to prioritize their mental health. Having faced many of these challenges myself, I get what it’s like to walk in your shoes and hope to offer guidance and support in your journey towards healing.
I am passionate about helping individuals and couples who are navigating relational difficulties, life transitions, identity shifts, anxiety, and unprocessed trauma. I have found that many people in the millennial, young adult, and teen age range are experiencing a very unique set of challenges these days, often struggling to prioritize their mental health. Having faced many of these challenges myself, I get what it’s like to walk in your shoes and hope to offer guidance and support in your journey towards healing.
(480) 573-8089 View (480) 573-8089
Photo of Lenity Art and Wellness, Counselor in Phoenix, AZ
Lenity Art and Wellness
Counselor, LAC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85015
Carole is a licensed psychotherapist. She has experience in the areas of anxiety, depression, self-esteem, PTSD, dissociative disorders, trauma, spirituality, life transitions, and relational problems. She believes in creating a safe space that allows you to let go of the desire to have it all together; by releasing the stress, anxiety, trauma, hurt, guilt, shame, and expectations of others in order to become the authentic you. It is in this space that healing and restoration can occur so that you can gain control of your life.
Carole is a licensed psychotherapist. She has experience in the areas of anxiety, depression, self-esteem, PTSD, dissociative disorders, trauma, spirituality, life transitions, and relational problems. She believes in creating a safe space that allows you to let go of the desire to have it all together; by releasing the stress, anxiety, trauma, hurt, guilt, shame, and expectations of others in order to become the authentic you. It is in this space that healing and restoration can occur so that you can gain control of your life.
(602) 878-7536 View (602) 878-7536
Photo of Caitlin Rudgear, Licensed Professional Counselor in Phoenix, AZ
Caitlin Rudgear
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85018
I help people understand their inner world / gain self-awareness, and treat themselves gently. I help people find healing from their past trauma, body image struggles, and difficulties with self-worth / self-esteem. I approach sessions from a compassionate, integrative perspective, with the underlying desire for all clients to feel both safe and known.
I help people understand their inner world / gain self-awareness, and treat themselves gently. I help people find healing from their past trauma, body image struggles, and difficulties with self-worth / self-esteem. I approach sessions from a compassionate, integrative perspective, with the underlying desire for all clients to feel both safe and known.
(480) 525-5629 View (480) 525-5629
Photo of Judith McHale, Licensed Professional Counselor in Phoenix, AZ
Judith McHale
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85018
The relationship between therapist and client is unique. Time spent together is purposefully structured to support that uniqueness and establish a framework and rhythm for working. Our work together will be centered in a spirit of safety, dignity, and respect at all times for your goals and needs.
The relationship between therapist and client is unique. Time spent together is purposefully structured to support that uniqueness and establish a framework and rhythm for working. Our work together will be centered in a spirit of safety, dignity, and respect at all times for your goals and needs.
(602) 540-9963 View (602) 540-9963
Photo of Shelby Steele, Counselor in Phoenix, AZ
Shelby Steele
Counselor, LAC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85020
Seeking outside support isn’t always easy. It can feel overwhelming, stressful, and even scary. I understand and hope to provide some reassurance that we can work together to find the relief you and your child are seeking. I am an empathetic, person-centered, Child & Adolescent Trauma Therapist who utilizes an integrative approach with modalities such as play therapy, expressive art therapy, EMDR, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and motivational interviewing. I have experience working with children and families who have experienced trauma, grief, anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, socioeconomic stress, and parental separation
Seeking outside support isn’t always easy. It can feel overwhelming, stressful, and even scary. I understand and hope to provide some reassurance that we can work together to find the relief you and your child are seeking. I am an empathetic, person-centered, Child & Adolescent Trauma Therapist who utilizes an integrative approach with modalities such as play therapy, expressive art therapy, EMDR, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and motivational interviewing. I have experience working with children and families who have experienced trauma, grief, anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, socioeconomic stress, and parental separation
(602) 641-3366 View (602) 641-3366
Photo of Eddie Soto in Phoenix, AZ
Eddie Soto
LMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Phoenix, AZ 85013  (Online Only)
I love to work with individuals who are willing to grow and be open to the idea of adaptability and change. I would love for them to want to learn more about who they are as a person, and understand why they may do certain things. Through that insight, I hope for them to use what is learned in order to better improve their overall well-being. Maintaining a willingness to learn will always be beneficial for an individual and their journey.
I love to work with individuals who are willing to grow and be open to the idea of adaptability and change. I would love for them to want to learn more about who they are as a person, and understand why they may do certain things. Through that insight, I hope for them to use what is learned in order to better improve their overall well-being. Maintaining a willingness to learn will always be beneficial for an individual and their journey.
(602) 282-8850 View (602) 282-8850
Photo of Kyra Murphy, Licensed Professional Counselor in Phoenix, AZ
Kyra Murphy
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85003  (Online Only)
Feeling overwhelmed, stressed, sad or anxious about what is going on in life? Stressors in life and life's uncertainty may cause excessive worry and sadness that disrupts abilities to manage emotions and daily functioning. Kyra understands that challenges in life can happen before you have an opportunity to learn the needed coping skills.
Feeling overwhelmed, stressed, sad or anxious about what is going on in life? Stressors in life and life's uncertainty may cause excessive worry and sadness that disrupts abilities to manage emotions and daily functioning. Kyra understands that challenges in life can happen before you have an opportunity to learn the needed coping skills.
(480) 771-8267 View (480) 771-8267
Photo of Nicholette L. Aragon, Marriage & Family Therapist in Phoenix, AZ
Nicholette L. Aragon
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Phoenix, AZ 85014
I'm a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and owner of Central Phoenix Counseling and Therapy. I have been working in field of mental and behavioral health for over 15 years, practicing therapy in both community and private practice settings, and worked as a clinical supervisor for other therapists working toward independent licensure in Arizona. I have been in private practice since 2015, during which time my focus has been to provide individuals, couples and families a safe, open environment where they have the space to heal, grow, and thrive across all areas of their lives.
I'm a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and owner of Central Phoenix Counseling and Therapy. I have been working in field of mental and behavioral health for over 15 years, practicing therapy in both community and private practice settings, and worked as a clinical supervisor for other therapists working toward independent licensure in Arizona. I have been in private practice since 2015, during which time my focus has been to provide individuals, couples and families a safe, open environment where they have the space to heal, grow, and thrive across all areas of their lives.
(623) 300-1904 View (623) 300-1904
Photo of Heartful Solutions for Families, Counselor in Phoenix, AZ
Heartful Solutions for Families
Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Phoenix, AZ 85014
Waitlist for new clients
Weekend and afternoon/evening appointments. I offer family and individual therapy for children ages 2 to 12 using child-friendly tools: Play therapy, Sand Tray, Expressive Arts, EMDR, Somatic Therapy. Rhythmic Movement and Mindfulness training. Whether you are seeking help for common childhood concerns, learning, and attention problems, or more traumatic life events, my playful approach will help your child connect emotionally, learn new behaviors, communicate and navigate through times of change.
Weekend and afternoon/evening appointments. I offer family and individual therapy for children ages 2 to 12 using child-friendly tools: Play therapy, Sand Tray, Expressive Arts, EMDR, Somatic Therapy. Rhythmic Movement and Mindfulness training. Whether you are seeking help for common childhood concerns, learning, and attention problems, or more traumatic life events, my playful approach will help your child connect emotionally, learn new behaviors, communicate and navigate through times of change.
(602) 529-3972 View (602) 529-3972

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Phoenix, AZ

1,000+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Phoenix, AZ who prioritize treating:

91% Anxiety
84% Depression
76% Relationship Issues
76% Self Esteem
75% Trauma and PTSD
70% Stress
69% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

83% Aetna
67% BlueCross and BlueShield
66% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Phoenix, AZ see their clients

68% In Person and Online
32% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
19% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Phoenix?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.