Photo of Alexandra Inake (Âû), Counsellor in CT4, England
Alexandra Inake (Âû)
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hi. How are you? How are you coping? Do you wish for contentment and vibrancy in life? Do you wonder who you are? Would you like to be seen? Listened to? Do you long to be understood? My name is Alex and I endeavour to provide you with a slice of time that is all about you. I will hold space for your worries, doubts, your joys, and your sorrows. Anything you bring here is welcome.
Hi. How are you? How are you coping? Do you wish for contentment and vibrancy in life? Do you wonder who you are? Would you like to be seen? Listened to? Do you long to be understood? My name is Alex and I endeavour to provide you with a slice of time that is all about you. I will hold space for your worries, doubts, your joys, and your sorrows. Anything you bring here is welcome.
01604 279745 View 01604 279745
Photo of Amanda Swan, Psychotherapist in CT4, England
Amanda Swan
Psychotherapist, MA, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
I understand how difficult even contemplating seeking a counsellor or psychotherapist can be, to seek someone you trust, who will not judge you, and at the same time help you feel heard and understood. It is my job to help you feel safe and secure in therapy and I do this by being open about how I work, to hold the space for you so that you can bring your difficulties to counselling, and listening to what you want to achieve. I am here to listen with empathy, It is important that you receive the therapy that is right for you; everyone is an individual with their own individual needs.
I understand how difficult even contemplating seeking a counsellor or psychotherapist can be, to seek someone you trust, who will not judge you, and at the same time help you feel heard and understood. It is my job to help you feel safe and secure in therapy and I do this by being open about how I work, to hold the space for you so that you can bring your difficulties to counselling, and listening to what you want to achieve. I am here to listen with empathy, It is important that you receive the therapy that is right for you; everyone is an individual with their own individual needs.
01604 279362 View 01604 279362
Photo of Dr Georgie Bainbridge, Psychotherapist in CT4, England
Dr Georgie Bainbridge
Psychotherapist, DCounsPsych, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Given the latest government advice all sessions will be offered online. I have ten years of experience of working in this way and I am happy to give you guidance to set this up. You will need an internet connection (preferably high speed), a headset and microphone. I can also offer telephone sessions but face to face via an online platform is preferable. Psychotherapy is about being listened to and seen in a particular way. There is nowhere else in life that offers a time and space to focus on your 'self' - your body and your mind. My Kent practice is in the village of Bridge near Canterbury and is easy to reach.
Given the latest government advice all sessions will be offered online. I have ten years of experience of working in this way and I am happy to give you guidance to set this up. You will need an internet connection (preferably high speed), a headset and microphone. I can also offer telephone sessions but face to face via an online platform is preferable. Psychotherapy is about being listened to and seen in a particular way. There is nowhere else in life that offers a time and space to focus on your 'self' - your body and your mind. My Kent practice is in the village of Bridge near Canterbury and is easy to reach.
01227 931714 View 01227 931714
Photo of Amanda Jane Carpenter, Psychotherapist in CT4, England
Amanda Jane Carpenter
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
I have a particular interest and extensive knowledge regarding supporting those who have experienced early life developmental and complex trauma, separation and loss. Often these experiences continue to impact on our lives and abilities to make and sustain healthy and emotionally secure relationships in adulthood. Although psychoanalytically trained my clinical practice uses a range of therapeutic approaches and is predominately informed by attachment based theory. I can offer both short and longer term therapeutic support to individuals, couples and groups.
I have a particular interest and extensive knowledge regarding supporting those who have experienced early life developmental and complex trauma, separation and loss. Often these experiences continue to impact on our lives and abilities to make and sustain healthy and emotionally secure relationships in adulthood. Although psychoanalytically trained my clinical practice uses a range of therapeutic approaches and is predominately informed by attachment based theory. I can offer both short and longer term therapeutic support to individuals, couples and groups.
01227 931716 View 01227 931716
Photo of Sarah London, Counsellor in CT4, England
Sarah London
Counsellor, MBACP Snr. Accred
Verified Verified
Need a breath of fresh air? Change of scenery? Anxieties and problems have weighed heavy recently and it's been very easy for things to feel like they are getting on top of us, or maybe you've been meaning to get some support for a while and now is the time to move forward and feel better. Over the years I have supported all kinds of people with a wide variety of things they find difficult and we can decide together if I am the right person and this is the right thing for you. I offer a flexible approach to counselling and counselling supervision working outdoors, walking, sitting, with my dog or yours, or both, and online.
Need a breath of fresh air? Change of scenery? Anxieties and problems have weighed heavy recently and it's been very easy for things to feel like they are getting on top of us, or maybe you've been meaning to get some support for a while and now is the time to move forward and feel better. Over the years I have supported all kinds of people with a wide variety of things they find difficult and we can decide together if I am the right person and this is the right thing for you. I offer a flexible approach to counselling and counselling supervision working outdoors, walking, sitting, with my dog or yours, or both, and online.
01604 279119 View 01604 279119
Photo of Kevin Power, Psychotherapist in CT4, England
Kevin Power
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Psycho-dynamically and group-analytically trained, I believe that a good deal of trauma, depression and anxiety originate in childhood experience, often unacknowledged by others if not by the distressed person. This includes separation, loss and bereavement, sexual and physical abuse. These experiences need exploration alongside a trained practitioner. In a confidential therapy group, which is for sitting down and talking, each member of up to 8, takes part by talking, listening, feeling and responding, building trust, with a boundary observed of no social contact beyond group sessions. We use only first names.
Psycho-dynamically and group-analytically trained, I believe that a good deal of trauma, depression and anxiety originate in childhood experience, often unacknowledged by others if not by the distressed person. This includes separation, loss and bereavement, sexual and physical abuse. These experiences need exploration alongside a trained practitioner. In a confidential therapy group, which is for sitting down and talking, each member of up to 8, takes part by talking, listening, feeling and responding, building trust, with a boundary observed of no social contact beyond group sessions. We use only first names.
01604 279724 View 01604 279724
Photo of Teresa King, Counsellor in CT4, England
Teresa King
Counsellor, MA, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Therapy can be a catalyst for change helping us to regain a sense of control in our lives and begin to live life more towards our true potential. I have experience of working with a wide range of issues that impact on clients' wellbeing, offering support, empathy and a safe space to share their concerns. I work with individuals, couples, families, children, young people on short and long-term contracts in Canterbury and Waltham. I use different approaches and techniques that are tailored to clients' needs, believing that we are all individual and that ‘one size does not fit all’. I have also lived and worked extensively overseas.
Therapy can be a catalyst for change helping us to regain a sense of control in our lives and begin to live life more towards our true potential. I have experience of working with a wide range of issues that impact on clients' wellbeing, offering support, empathy and a safe space to share their concerns. I work with individuals, couples, families, children, young people on short and long-term contracts in Canterbury and Waltham. I use different approaches and techniques that are tailored to clients' needs, believing that we are all individual and that ‘one size does not fit all’. I have also lived and worked extensively overseas.
01227 931721 View 01227 931721
Photo of Charlotte Harris, Psychotherapist in CT4, England
Charlotte Harris
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
I have extensive experience working with anxiety, PTSD, relationship difficulties and depression and with Men´s issues. Maybe you feel a general sense of not being happy or fulfilled, as if you can´t get your life on track. Often it is helpful to understand our current difficulties through exploring past experiences and how they may have impacted upon you - you may like to do this but you may prefer not to think too much about the past. Everyone is different. The therapy process I offer is safe, confidential and structured to support you in the way that feels safest to you to make the changes you are longing for.
I have extensive experience working with anxiety, PTSD, relationship difficulties and depression and with Men´s issues. Maybe you feel a general sense of not being happy or fulfilled, as if you can´t get your life on track. Often it is helpful to understand our current difficulties through exploring past experiences and how they may have impacted upon you - you may like to do this but you may prefer not to think too much about the past. Everyone is different. The therapy process I offer is safe, confidential and structured to support you in the way that feels safest to you to make the changes you are longing for.
01227 949768 View 01227 949768
Photo of Natasha Leppard, Counsellor in CT4, England
Natasha Leppard
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
I provide the space for you to make the changes you want. Where you can talk through your thoughts, feelings, experiences and concerns, free from judgement. For some, this is in a therapy room and for others this can be outdoors. You choose the space to suit you. I focus on helping you to heal and re-energise. To become aware of personal strengths and also the barriers that may be holding you back. Together we work on how you can move forward with new knowledge and skills to live a more authentic and meaningful life going forward. To help you grow from your struggles, heal from your pain, and move forward to where you want to be.
I provide the space for you to make the changes you want. Where you can talk through your thoughts, feelings, experiences and concerns, free from judgement. For some, this is in a therapy room and for others this can be outdoors. You choose the space to suit you. I focus on helping you to heal and re-energise. To become aware of personal strengths and also the barriers that may be holding you back. Together we work on how you can move forward with new knowledge and skills to live a more authentic and meaningful life going forward. To help you grow from your struggles, heal from your pain, and move forward to where you want to be.
01303 764957 View 01303 764957
Photo of Charlie Kidd, Counsellor in CT4, England
Charlie Kidd
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MBACP
Verified Verified
I'll seek to offer you the right balance of warmth, immediacy and directness. You perhaps have some difficulties in your life and your experience that you want to work through with someone who will warmly and compassionately contain you and listen to you, as we work in partnership to resolve and heal issues. You are coming to me because you are wishing to work with a therapist with high emotional intelligence and strong life and communication skills. Finally, consider working with me because I work from a beautiful and discreet location, close to Canterbury or because perhaps you want to work online flexibly.
I'll seek to offer you the right balance of warmth, immediacy and directness. You perhaps have some difficulties in your life and your experience that you want to work through with someone who will warmly and compassionately contain you and listen to you, as we work in partnership to resolve and heal issues. You are coming to me because you are wishing to work with a therapist with high emotional intelligence and strong life and communication skills. Finally, consider working with me because I work from a beautiful and discreet location, close to Canterbury or because perhaps you want to work online flexibly.
01227 532721 View 01227 532721
Photo of Katherine Nickoll, Counsellor in CT4, England
Katherine Nickoll
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Do you need to unburden your troubles and untangle your muddles? I can hear your darkest stories and share with you my belief that we can all grow. I love to work with people to realise their goals, rediscover their choices and to find hope, self-acceptance and emotional peace of mind. You may be feeling anxious or stressed, have issues at work, including chronic stress, or disability and hidden disability. I also am interested in body positivity, issues around self-esteem, imposter syndrome, and political or environmental worries.
Do you need to unburden your troubles and untangle your muddles? I can hear your darkest stories and share with you my belief that we can all grow. I love to work with people to realise their goals, rediscover their choices and to find hope, self-acceptance and emotional peace of mind. You may be feeling anxious or stressed, have issues at work, including chronic stress, or disability and hidden disability. I also am interested in body positivity, issues around self-esteem, imposter syndrome, and political or environmental worries.
0116 478 6834 View 0116 478 6834
Photo of Jon Sutton, Counsellor in CT4, England
Jon Sutton
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Are you finding every day tough to get through, feel trapped, overwhelmed or hopeless; feel you’ve lost your sense of self and confidence? Do you want someone to listen to you and feel able to say out loud what’s going on without feeling awkward or judged? My clients say I'm empathic and calming and allow them to make sense of everything, safely at their own pace. I'm qualified to work integratively which enables me to work in a way that suits you best. Experience includes 20 years with a leading UK emergency service and volunteering for a community counselling service. Introduction session free .
Are you finding every day tough to get through, feel trapped, overwhelmed or hopeless; feel you’ve lost your sense of self and confidence? Do you want someone to listen to you and feel able to say out loud what’s going on without feeling awkward or judged? My clients say I'm empathic and calming and allow them to make sense of everything, safely at their own pace. I'm qualified to work integratively which enables me to work in a way that suits you best. Experience includes 20 years with a leading UK emergency service and volunteering for a community counselling service. Introduction session free .
01227 203765 View 01227 203765
Photo of Angie Dolby, Counsellor in CT4, England
Angie Dolby
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Canterbury CT4  (Online Only)
As a trauma-informed counselor specializing in energy psychotherapy, I am deeply committed to guiding individuals on a journey of healing and transformation. My approach is rooted in compassion and empowerment. Recognizing the profound impact of trauma on the mind, body, and spirit, I create a safe and supportive space where you can feel validated, heard, and respected. Through a collaborative and strength-based approach, we work together to explore the unique ways trauma has shaped you're experiences and develop strategies for healing and growth.
As a trauma-informed counselor specializing in energy psychotherapy, I am deeply committed to guiding individuals on a journey of healing and transformation. My approach is rooted in compassion and empowerment. Recognizing the profound impact of trauma on the mind, body, and spirit, I create a safe and supportive space where you can feel validated, heard, and respected. Through a collaborative and strength-based approach, we work together to explore the unique ways trauma has shaped you're experiences and develop strategies for healing and growth.
01304 807826 View 01304 807826
Photo of Janey Sutton, Counsellor in CT4, England
Janey Sutton
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
My name is Janey I am a registered counsellor with The British Association of counsellors and psychotherapists . I am trained integratively, which means I can draw from several therapeutic approaches. This means that I can tailor the therapy to be very personal to the client I am working with. I have 25 yrs of experience of working with individuals and families struggling with their emotional health. If you are struggling to cope emotionally ,with your mood, thoughts ,relationships , life's stresses or have experienced abuse/ trauma recently or in the past and would like to work through these issues,I would be happy to help.
My name is Janey I am a registered counsellor with The British Association of counsellors and psychotherapists . I am trained integratively, which means I can draw from several therapeutic approaches. This means that I can tailor the therapy to be very personal to the client I am working with. I have 25 yrs of experience of working with individuals and families struggling with their emotional health. If you are struggling to cope emotionally ,with your mood, thoughts ,relationships , life's stresses or have experienced abuse/ trauma recently or in the past and would like to work through these issues,I would be happy to help.
01227 936518 View 01227 936518
Photo of Helen Hadlow, Counsellor in CT4, England
Helen Hadlow
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
I hold a BA(Hons) in integrative relational counselling and a registered member of BACP. I have a number of years of experience working in the charity and private sector, supporting clients with a wide range of emotional issues. ​ At the heart of my counselling practice is the aim to provide a space where you can come to breathe, to be, and find unconditional acceptance, positive reflection and discover alternative narratives and perspectives for yourself. A relationship that enables that to occur, allows for the development of self-awareness, self- acceptance, hope and healing.
I hold a BA(Hons) in integrative relational counselling and a registered member of BACP. I have a number of years of experience working in the charity and private sector, supporting clients with a wide range of emotional issues. ​ At the heart of my counselling practice is the aim to provide a space where you can come to breathe, to be, and find unconditional acceptance, positive reflection and discover alternative narratives and perspectives for yourself. A relationship that enables that to occur, allows for the development of self-awareness, self- acceptance, hope and healing.
01227 931091 View 01227 931091
Photo of David Goodlad, Counsellor in CT4, England
David Goodlad
Counsellor, MA, MBACP Snr. Accred
Verified Verified
If you are struggling with any form of addiction, I can help. I provide a proven therapy that helps people change - have a look at the testimonials page on my website. I treat Sexual addiction and compulsion, betrayal, serial infidelity, alcohol problems, anger management and depression. I see clients with relationship and grief problems. I am a registered senior accredited counsellor and psychotherapist with 25 years experience.
If you are struggling with any form of addiction, I can help. I provide a proven therapy that helps people change - have a look at the testimonials page on my website. I treat Sexual addiction and compulsion, betrayal, serial infidelity, alcohol problems, anger management and depression. I see clients with relationship and grief problems. I am a registered senior accredited counsellor and psychotherapist with 25 years experience.
01227 931235 View 01227 931235
Photo of Linda Christiane Bishopp, Psychotherapist in CT4, England
Linda Christiane Bishopp
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Working as a Jungian Psychotherapist, Integrative Counsellor, healer and Reiki Master means I work holistically. Every aspect of you is included in therapy - mental, physical, emotional, and at the soul level. When we get in touch with unconscious motives and drivers, and how they manifest as behaviours, we are able to make different choices and to be more of our true selves. I have run my private practice for 11 years & am a member of the British Association of Counselling & Psychotherapy.
Working as a Jungian Psychotherapist, Integrative Counsellor, healer and Reiki Master means I work holistically. Every aspect of you is included in therapy - mental, physical, emotional, and at the soul level. When we get in touch with unconscious motives and drivers, and how they manifest as behaviours, we are able to make different choices and to be more of our true selves. I have run my private practice for 11 years & am a member of the British Association of Counselling & Psychotherapy.
01233 542128 View 01233 542128
Photo of Joanne Brereton, Counsellor in CT4, England
Joanne Brereton
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hello, thank you for clicking on my profile, I work with clients with a variety of mental health issues either for short term or long term work. My work is tailored to your needs in the therapy room and am client led and very person centred in my approach. I have been qualified for over 5 years, I am constantly updating my knowledge & skills so that my work is effective & appropriate to your needs. The relationship is key for me for the therapy to work for you therefore an assessment session is offered initially to ensure we both feel comfortable working together.
Hello, thank you for clicking on my profile, I work with clients with a variety of mental health issues either for short term or long term work. My work is tailored to your needs in the therapy room and am client led and very person centred in my approach. I have been qualified for over 5 years, I am constantly updating my knowledge & skills so that my work is effective & appropriate to your needs. The relationship is key for me for the therapy to work for you therefore an assessment session is offered initially to ensure we both feel comfortable working together.
01227 931226 View 01227 931226
Photo of Sue Rosemary Nyirenda, Counsellor in CT4, England
Sue Rosemary Nyirenda
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Chartham CT4  (Online Only)
Coming to counselling is an adventure! It can be immense fun and incredibly inspirational. It can also be hard and will certainly make you take a good look at yourself! If you want to make changes in your life then counselling is one of the most effective ways to do it... and I will help you along the way, walking alongside you, giving you support. It is a great privilege for me - and I deeply value the vulnerable person (within all of us) that counselling helps to find the courage to reveal. I work with kindness, warmth and respect, and our relationship will become strong - yet I will challenge you - but in a caring and gentle way.
Coming to counselling is an adventure! It can be immense fun and incredibly inspirational. It can also be hard and will certainly make you take a good look at yourself! If you want to make changes in your life then counselling is one of the most effective ways to do it... and I will help you along the way, walking alongside you, giving you support. It is a great privilege for me - and I deeply value the vulnerable person (within all of us) that counselling helps to find the courage to reveal. I work with kindness, warmth and respect, and our relationship will become strong - yet I will challenge you - but in a caring and gentle way.
01227 931655 View 01227 931655
Photo of Alice Lawrence, Psychotherapist in CT4, England
Alice Lawrence
Psychotherapist, MA, BPC
Verified Verified
Psychotherapist specialising in work with children, young people and families. I offer support for a wide range of psychological, behavioural and emotional difficulties, including trauma, with a focus on tailoring to individual or family needs. My approach encompasses sessions on a one-to-one basis, as well as with families or groups. I can provide short and long-term interventions. I care deeply about fostering emotional health and wellbeing, dedicated to achieving lasting change.
Psychotherapist specialising in work with children, young people and families. I offer support for a wide range of psychological, behavioural and emotional difficulties, including trauma, with a focus on tailoring to individual or family needs. My approach encompasses sessions on a one-to-one basis, as well as with families or groups. I can provide short and long-term interventions. I care deeply about fostering emotional health and wellbeing, dedicated to achieving lasting change.
01227 204636 View 01227 204636

See more therapy options for CT4

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in CT4

30+

Average cost per session

£57

Counsellors in CT4 who prioritize treating:

86% Self Esteem
80% Anxiety
80% Trauma and PTSD
74% Relationship Issues
74% Stress
71% Depression
69% Bereavement

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

75% AXA PPP
63% Aviva
50% Bupa

How Counsellors in CT4 see their clients

89% In Person and Online
11% Online Only

Gender breakdown

88% Female
12% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in CT4?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.