Therapists in Austin, TX

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Photo of Doreen R Landrum, PhD, Psychologist
Doreen R Landrum
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Austin, TX 78731
I believe that many of the problems individuals face can be worked through by gaining increased insight and knowledge about oneself. I also believe individuals heal themselves and often just need an objective, caring presence to help them take the first step. I specialize in both therapy and psychological assessment and frequently works with psychiatrists, primary care physicians, OB/GYNs, and other physicians in the collaborative treatment of patients.
I believe that many of the problems individuals face can be worked through by gaining increased insight and knowledge about oneself. I also believe individuals heal themselves and often just need an objective, caring presence to help them take the first step. I specialize in both therapy and psychological assessment and frequently works with psychiatrists, primary care physicians, OB/GYNs, and other physicians in the collaborative treatment of patients.
(512) 308-6068 View (512) 308-6068
Photo of Matthew Harmon, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Matthew Harmon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Austin, TX 78704  (Online Only)
TEAM: Testing helps us understand your starting point and track your progress over time. This way, we can see the positive changes within the process. Empathy creates a connection where you feel heard and understood. We assess why you are stuck and explore why change is difficult. Methods give you powerful practical skills to change your life. Life's challenges can feel overwhelming, and it's okay to seek guidance.
TEAM: Testing helps us understand your starting point and track your progress over time. This way, we can see the positive changes within the process. Empathy creates a connection where you feel heard and understood. We assess why you are stuck and explore why change is difficult. Methods give you powerful practical skills to change your life. Life's challenges can feel overwhelming, and it's okay to seek guidance.
(737) 264-7067 View (737) 264-7067
Photo of Julie Adams, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Julie Adams
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Austin, TX 78702  (Online Only)
I specialize in working with adults, LGBTQ+ individuals, and couples, providing a safe and affirming space where all identities are celebrated and respected. With over a decade of experience in the mental health field, I've had the privilege of guiding individuals and couples through transitional phases of life in a variety of settings. As a parent myself, I understand the unique challenges and joys of parenthood. I love working with parents and people who are creating families, offering support and guidance as you navigate the complexities of family.
I specialize in working with adults, LGBTQ+ individuals, and couples, providing a safe and affirming space where all identities are celebrated and respected. With over a decade of experience in the mental health field, I've had the privilege of guiding individuals and couples through transitional phases of life in a variety of settings. As a parent myself, I understand the unique challenges and joys of parenthood. I love working with parents and people who are creating families, offering support and guidance as you navigate the complexities of family.
(512) 710-9931 View (512) 710-9931
Photo of Reesha Ahmed, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Reesha Ahmed
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Austin, TX 78759  (Online Only)
Do you feel you have a lot weighing on your mind but don’t know where to let it out? Do you often find yourself hesitant to talk through how you’re feeling? It takes courage to recognize the need to reach out to someone and even more so to act on it. I can provide a safe and non-judgmental space you need to be heard and allow you to put those thoughts into your own words.
Do you feel you have a lot weighing on your mind but don’t know where to let it out? Do you often find yourself hesitant to talk through how you’re feeling? It takes courage to recognize the need to reach out to someone and even more so to act on it. I can provide a safe and non-judgmental space you need to be heard and allow you to put those thoughts into your own words.
(512) 886-6830 View (512) 886-6830
Photo of Whitney Russell, MA, LPC, EMDR, Licensed Professional Counselor
Whitney Russell
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, EMDR
Verified Verified
10 Endorsed
Austin, TX 78704  (Online Only)
Has life stress reached a peak? Sometimes we need a safe place to sort through it all. ​No one teaches us what to do with anxiety, depression, anger, grief, or pain. What to do with setbacks, lack of confidence, or loneliness. How to fix a broken relationship, or how to get yourself out of a difficult situation you feel stuck in. Together we can sort through your current life stress, bring understanding, new perspectives, wisdom, and healing.
Has life stress reached a peak? Sometimes we need a safe place to sort through it all. ​No one teaches us what to do with anxiety, depression, anger, grief, or pain. What to do with setbacks, lack of confidence, or loneliness. How to fix a broken relationship, or how to get yourself out of a difficult situation you feel stuck in. Together we can sort through your current life stress, bring understanding, new perspectives, wisdom, and healing.
(512) 233-6619 View (512) 233-6619
Photo of Roxcy Brown, MA, LMFT-A, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Roxcy Brown
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, LMFT-A
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Austin, TX 78759
I assist people in addressing their relationships, creating stability, building purpose, healing relationship pain, breaking negative cycles, and starting new. My passion lies in helping couples connect on a deeper level and achieve long-lasting change in their relationships. As a relational therapist, I understand that every relationship is unique and requires a personalized approach. To that end, I utilize a variety of therapeutic modalities, including Satir, Experiential, Relational Life Therapy, Internal Family Systems, SFT, and Gottman. I help people identify and address their core issues while building strong foundations.
I assist people in addressing their relationships, creating stability, building purpose, healing relationship pain, breaking negative cycles, and starting new. My passion lies in helping couples connect on a deeper level and achieve long-lasting change in their relationships. As a relational therapist, I understand that every relationship is unique and requires a personalized approach. To that end, I utilize a variety of therapeutic modalities, including Satir, Experiential, Relational Life Therapy, Internal Family Systems, SFT, and Gottman. I help people identify and address their core issues while building strong foundations.
(512) 308-6072 View (512) 308-6072
Photo of Cindy Olvera, MEd, LPCA
Cindy Olvera
Licensed Professional Counselor Associate , MEd, LPCA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Austin, TX 78731  (Online Only)
Have you been struggling with your relationship? Do you stay up late at night wishing things would change? Maybe you experienced a significant life event and are struggling to cope with the aftereffects. You have a desire to heal and connect to those around you but you don't know how. You want to be nurtured and understood. Relationships, trauma, anxiety, and depression can leave us feeling disconnected from the people we love. Let me help you feel connected again. If you are ready, book now by visiting my website.
Have you been struggling with your relationship? Do you stay up late at night wishing things would change? Maybe you experienced a significant life event and are struggling to cope with the aftereffects. You have a desire to heal and connect to those around you but you don't know how. You want to be nurtured and understood. Relationships, trauma, anxiety, and depression can leave us feeling disconnected from the people we love. Let me help you feel connected again. If you are ready, book now by visiting my website.
(737) 260-0811 View (737) 260-0811
Photo of Emily Keefer, LCSW, ADS, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Emily Keefer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, ADS
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Austin, TX 78746
I believe that all individuals have the capacity to self-heal. A supportive and respectful therapeutic relationship can be the perfect catalyst for growth and change. Through a guided and collaborative approach, we can discover why we fall into the same patterns, often reliving past hurts, and develop practical strategies for choosing to live life differently. By exploring vulnerability and tapping in to our creative, authentic selves, lasting change can occur.
I believe that all individuals have the capacity to self-heal. A supportive and respectful therapeutic relationship can be the perfect catalyst for growth and change. Through a guided and collaborative approach, we can discover why we fall into the same patterns, often reliving past hurts, and develop practical strategies for choosing to live life differently. By exploring vulnerability and tapping in to our creative, authentic selves, lasting change can occur.
(512) 270-2406 View (512) 270-2406
Photo of Firoozeh Tuller, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Firoozeh Tuller
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Austin, TX 78746
I view treatment as a safe space where healing can occur through the process of unpeeling multiple layers of mental and emotional patterns (conscious and unconscious), leading individuals to discover their strengths, true potential and authentic self. In this process, one can feel empowered and inspired to integrate all parts of self, even those hidden from the conscious mind. This delicate work is only possible when trust and alliance are established between therapist and client. The principles guiding this work are unconditional acceptance, compassion and non-judgment.
I view treatment as a safe space where healing can occur through the process of unpeeling multiple layers of mental and emotional patterns (conscious and unconscious), leading individuals to discover their strengths, true potential and authentic self. In this process, one can feel empowered and inspired to integrate all parts of self, even those hidden from the conscious mind. This delicate work is only possible when trust and alliance are established between therapist and client. The principles guiding this work are unconditional acceptance, compassion and non-judgment.
(512) 675-1395 View (512) 675-1395
Photo of Jennifer Allen Norton, MA, LPC-S, Licensed Professional Counselor
Jennifer Allen Norton
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC-S
Verified Verified
Austin, TX 78750
Making the decision to begin counseling can be difficult, and finding a therapist that is a good match can be equally overwhelming. I work to create a comfortable, safe, and supportive environment to make it easier to start the process. Everyone enters therapy at a different emotional place, and I work to meet clients where they are. Although I use various methods, my approach is relational because the most powerful catalyst for change is the relationship that we create together during our sessions. I want your therapy to be meaningful to you, and I am upfront and engaging during sessions.
Making the decision to begin counseling can be difficult, and finding a therapist that is a good match can be equally overwhelming. I work to create a comfortable, safe, and supportive environment to make it easier to start the process. Everyone enters therapy at a different emotional place, and I work to meet clients where they are. Although I use various methods, my approach is relational because the most powerful catalyst for change is the relationship that we create together during our sessions. I want your therapy to be meaningful to you, and I am upfront and engaging during sessions.
(512) 772-2498 View (512) 772-2498
Photo of Kalee Gower, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kalee Gower
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
7 Endorsed
Austin, TX 78701
Therapy provides the unique opportunity for you to adventure into and openly investigate your internal world. Emotional transformations can be akin to wading into the ocean or navigating a new trail in the forest. While these pursuits are exciting, they can also be intimidating, challenging, or frustrating at times. I view my role as your co-pilot; helping you to navigate what it is that brings you to therapy with the goal of unleashing your innate strengths and ability to overcome. I do so with a genuine curiosity and openness, integrating my training in mindfulness and Internal Family Systems (IFS) therapy.
Therapy provides the unique opportunity for you to adventure into and openly investigate your internal world. Emotional transformations can be akin to wading into the ocean or navigating a new trail in the forest. While these pursuits are exciting, they can also be intimidating, challenging, or frustrating at times. I view my role as your co-pilot; helping you to navigate what it is that brings you to therapy with the goal of unleashing your innate strengths and ability to overcome. I do so with a genuine curiosity and openness, integrating my training in mindfulness and Internal Family Systems (IFS) therapy.
(512) 561-0393 View (512) 561-0393
Photo of Lilian Rodriguez, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lilian Rodriguez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Austin, TX 78705  (Online Only)
My goal with all clients is to ensure that they feel heard and understood. Venturing into a world of reflection and growth can be challenging, but it does not have to be done alone. My goal as your therapist is to help you get closer to the feeling of comfort throughout our visits, and even better afterwards. Many of us seek empowerment, validation, and reassurance- I aim to provide that, and more, in a space that feels safe, and one in which you can overcome any hurdles you may be facing.
My goal with all clients is to ensure that they feel heard and understood. Venturing into a world of reflection and growth can be challenging, but it does not have to be done alone. My goal as your therapist is to help you get closer to the feeling of comfort throughout our visits, and even better afterwards. Many of us seek empowerment, validation, and reassurance- I aim to provide that, and more, in a space that feels safe, and one in which you can overcome any hurdles you may be facing.
(737) 259-7836 View (737) 259-7836
Photo of Caroline Anthony, LPC, LMFT, RPT™, Marriage & Family Therapist
Caroline Anthony
Marriage & Family Therapist, LPC, LMFT, RPT™
Verified Verified
Austin, TX 78759
Hi! I'm Caroline! I'm a Marriage and Family therapist and a Registered Play Therapist who specializes in relationships. My work centers around enhancing secure attachment and connection within the family system. This includes working with couples, parents, the parent-child relationship, and children. I am extensively trained in Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy (EFT) and many modalities of child and family therapy including: Child-Centered Play Therapy, Theraplay, and Child-Parent Relationship Therapy. I look forward to talking with you more about how I can support you or your family.
Hi! I'm Caroline! I'm a Marriage and Family therapist and a Registered Play Therapist who specializes in relationships. My work centers around enhancing secure attachment and connection within the family system. This includes working with couples, parents, the parent-child relationship, and children. I am extensively trained in Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy (EFT) and many modalities of child and family therapy including: Child-Centered Play Therapy, Theraplay, and Child-Parent Relationship Therapy. I look forward to talking with you more about how I can support you or your family.
(512) 379-6974 View (512) 379-6974
Photo of Crystal L Peña
Crystal L Peña
Verified Verified
Austin, TX 78748
Are you seeking holistic healing for symptoms of anxiety, trauma, or other emotional or physical challenges? Do you desire a personalized treatment plan integrating mind, body, and spirit? I understand your desire for inner harmony and well-being. Let's embark on a journey together to reconnect with your authentic self, unlock your innate healing potential, and cultivate resilience and joy. Your path to wholeness begins here.
Are you seeking holistic healing for symptoms of anxiety, trauma, or other emotional or physical challenges? Do you desire a personalized treatment plan integrating mind, body, and spirit? I understand your desire for inner harmony and well-being. Let's embark on a journey together to reconnect with your authentic self, unlock your innate healing potential, and cultivate resilience and joy. Your path to wholeness begins here.
(512) 710-0343 View (512) 710-0343
Photo of Joshua Nash, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Joshua Nash
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Austin, TX 78759  (Online Only)
You're wanting to start counseling and here you are, at the first step. So how do you choose a therapist out of a sea of faces? I think the truth is pretty simple: you go with your gut. Lots of evidence shows that it is the counseling relationship-rather than theory or modality used-that is the causal factor of change. It's my firm belief that the overriding factors needed in that relationship are trust, patience, and kindness. You'll get those from me because that's what I give myself. That's what leads to change.
You're wanting to start counseling and here you are, at the first step. So how do you choose a therapist out of a sea of faces? I think the truth is pretty simple: you go with your gut. Lots of evidence shows that it is the counseling relationship-rather than theory or modality used-that is the causal factor of change. It's my firm belief that the overriding factors needed in that relationship are trust, patience, and kindness. You'll get those from me because that's what I give myself. That's what leads to change.
(512) 520-0855 View (512) 520-0855
Photo of Jeanice Pantier-Mullen, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Jeanice Pantier-Mullen
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Austin, TX 78731
Life and relationship challenges usually need more than talk to get through successfully. This is why I specialize in approaches where mind and body work together. Providing healing experiences in therapy, I work collaboratively with you to find ways to change and grow that work for your unique situation. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, which means I've had the master's level training of individual counselors, in addition to training focused on the 'systems' of relationships. I am also PACT and EMDR trained therapist; I have additional training in sexual issues, chronic illness and infertility.
Life and relationship challenges usually need more than talk to get through successfully. This is why I specialize in approaches where mind and body work together. Providing healing experiences in therapy, I work collaboratively with you to find ways to change and grow that work for your unique situation. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, which means I've had the master's level training of individual counselors, in addition to training focused on the 'systems' of relationships. I am also PACT and EMDR trained therapist; I have additional training in sexual issues, chronic illness and infertility.
(512) 412-3248 View (512) 412-3248
Photo of Jennifer Kirk Schriever, LPC, BCN, BCB, Licensed Professional Counselor
Jennifer Kirk Schriever
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, BCN, BCB
Verified Verified
Austin, TX 78731
30+ years of direct clinical experience using Q-EEG guided Neurofeedback and Biofeedback to help children, teens, and adults with goals ranging from optimal performance for sports, the performing arts, and business, to clients who seek help with trauma, PTSD, ADHD, anxiety and depression, sleep issues, and more. I consider myself to be a "Mind Body Detective" and I enjoy sleuthing through a client's history, presenting issues, and goals to help create a truly customized training plan for success.
30+ years of direct clinical experience using Q-EEG guided Neurofeedback and Biofeedback to help children, teens, and adults with goals ranging from optimal performance for sports, the performing arts, and business, to clients who seek help with trauma, PTSD, ADHD, anxiety and depression, sleep issues, and more. I consider myself to be a "Mind Body Detective" and I enjoy sleuthing through a client's history, presenting issues, and goals to help create a truly customized training plan for success.
(737) 520-3647 View (737) 520-3647
Photo of Dr. Tricia Blewitt, PhD, LPC, CST, Licensed Professional Counselor
Dr. Tricia Blewitt
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC, CST
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Austin, TX 78726  (Online Only)
Are you looking to improve your sex life and/or relationship? I recently graduated with my Ph.D in sexology, becoming the most advanced in the sex therapy field to offer my clients the most up-to-date practices and information in regards to sex, sex/porn addiction, low libido, sexual abuse, sexual traumas, sexual dysfunctions, desire differences in partnerships, identity issues, kink and polyamory. I am sex positive and welcome all sexual orientations. I am a Certified Sex Therapist who uses a direct, compassionate approach to help you and your sex life. I work on goals, meaning, and clarity to help you best help yourself.
Are you looking to improve your sex life and/or relationship? I recently graduated with my Ph.D in sexology, becoming the most advanced in the sex therapy field to offer my clients the most up-to-date practices and information in regards to sex, sex/porn addiction, low libido, sexual abuse, sexual traumas, sexual dysfunctions, desire differences in partnerships, identity issues, kink and polyamory. I am sex positive and welcome all sexual orientations. I am a Certified Sex Therapist who uses a direct, compassionate approach to help you and your sex life. I work on goals, meaning, and clarity to help you best help yourself.
(512) 605-1627 View (512) 605-1627
Photo of Alex Sands, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Alex Sands
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Austin, TX 78731
My practice combines elements of acceptance and commitment therapy, narrative therapy, ecotherapy, and stoic and existential philosophy, among others, and leans heavily into the dynamic and ever-emerging collaborative relationship between client and therapist, drawing on principles of interpersonal neurobiology and theories of attachment. My work is trauma-informed and grounded in meaning-making and the identification and practice of values: ways in which we can live more vitally, authentically, and in a manner that is in accordance with who we envision ourselves to be.
My practice combines elements of acceptance and commitment therapy, narrative therapy, ecotherapy, and stoic and existential philosophy, among others, and leans heavily into the dynamic and ever-emerging collaborative relationship between client and therapist, drawing on principles of interpersonal neurobiology and theories of attachment. My work is trauma-informed and grounded in meaning-making and the identification and practice of values: ways in which we can live more vitally, authentically, and in a manner that is in accordance with who we envision ourselves to be.
(512) 714-3403 View (512) 714-3403
Photo of Cheryl Cavey, MA, LPC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Cheryl Cavey
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Austin, TX 78705
As a mental health counselor, I love working with kids, teens, and young adults to develop practical and effective skills to help them navigate an ever-complicated world. Whether you have been in treatment before or are seeking therapy for the first time, I would be honored to provide a safe and comforting space that promotes understanding and growth. I firmly believe that every individual is going to need something different, and utilize my education and experience to support your growth!
As a mental health counselor, I love working with kids, teens, and young adults to develop practical and effective skills to help them navigate an ever-complicated world. Whether you have been in treatment before or are seeking therapy for the first time, I would be honored to provide a safe and comforting space that promotes understanding and growth. I firmly believe that every individual is going to need something different, and utilize my education and experience to support your growth!
(512) 861-6924 View (512) 861-6924

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Austin, TX

3,000+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Austin, TX who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
87% Depression
76% Relationship Issues
75% Self Esteem
69% Trauma and PTSD
69% Coping Skills
69% Stress

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

82% Aetna
72% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
65% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in Austin, TX see their clients

55% In Person and Online
45% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
18% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Austin?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.