Therapists in Philadelphia, PA

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Photo of Khalida Sethi, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Philadelphia, PA
Khalida Sethi
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19103
My ideal client would be ready for a challenge. Someone who wants their worldview expanded, prepared to find internal and external connection with the world. My ideal client would be someone who also wants their race, sexuality, or gender affirmed by their clinician.
My ideal client would be ready for a challenge. Someone who wants their worldview expanded, prepared to find internal and external connection with the world. My ideal client would be someone who also wants their race, sexuality, or gender affirmed by their clinician.
(267) 489-1065 View (267) 489-1065
Photo of Peace, Love, & Therapy with Chelsea, Licensed Professional Counselor in Philadelphia, PA
Peace, Love, & Therapy with Chelsea
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19146
Just like my clients, I am a person/clinician, with many layers. Starting my career from the basis of a counseling degree rooted in trauma, I've worked with a spectrum of disorders over the past 7 years of my career. If you decide to make the empowered choice to step into this safe space you'll be met with my humor, specialized treatment in ADHD/ADD, use of dialectical behavior therapy & other modalities, and care for borderline personality disorders, women's issues, and relationship issues. With neurodivergent-friendly tactics, I can help clients to set and reach goals based on their own specialized parameters.
Just like my clients, I am a person/clinician, with many layers. Starting my career from the basis of a counseling degree rooted in trauma, I've worked with a spectrum of disorders over the past 7 years of my career. If you decide to make the empowered choice to step into this safe space you'll be met with my humor, specialized treatment in ADHD/ADD, use of dialectical behavior therapy & other modalities, and care for borderline personality disorders, women's issues, and relationship issues. With neurodivergent-friendly tactics, I can help clients to set and reach goals based on their own specialized parameters.
(215) 798-7694 View (215) 798-7694
Photo of Daniel Chazin, Psychologist in Philadelphia, PA
Daniel Chazin
Psychologist, PhD, ABPP, A-CBT
Verified Verified
8 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19102
Are you looking for a highly skilled, caring professional to help you or a motivated loved one break free from the grips of an anxiety, obsessive compulsive, or traumatic stress disorder? If so, Dr. Chazin may be the ideal match for you! With exceptional expertise and experience helping hundreds of adults and teens overcome a range of serious anxiety disorders and related issues, he combines use of the most effective, state-of-the-art cognitive-behavioral treatments with a personalized and supportive approach to help clients gain understanding and strategies and master the problems and disorders they face.
Are you looking for a highly skilled, caring professional to help you or a motivated loved one break free from the grips of an anxiety, obsessive compulsive, or traumatic stress disorder? If so, Dr. Chazin may be the ideal match for you! With exceptional expertise and experience helping hundreds of adults and teens overcome a range of serious anxiety disorders and related issues, he combines use of the most effective, state-of-the-art cognitive-behavioral treatments with a personalized and supportive approach to help clients gain understanding and strategies and master the problems and disorders they face.
(267) 668-0142 View (267) 668-0142
Photo of Sarah Du, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Philadelphia, PA
Sarah Du
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CAADC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19119  (Online Only)
Being human can be overwhelming. Most of us are balancing various responsibilities on top of trying to give ourselves what we need, if we even know what that may be. My work focuses on making sense of what feels complex, placing it into words, and meaningful action. Many people I work with are struggling to balance personal wants and expectations of their families, experiencing internal conflict due to living in dual cultures, coping with trauma from substance abuse, racism, or are generally exhausted from worry and sadness.
Being human can be overwhelming. Most of us are balancing various responsibilities on top of trying to give ourselves what we need, if we even know what that may be. My work focuses on making sense of what feels complex, placing it into words, and meaningful action. Many people I work with are struggling to balance personal wants and expectations of their families, experiencing internal conflict due to living in dual cultures, coping with trauma from substance abuse, racism, or are generally exhausted from worry and sadness.
(215) 608-6022 View (215) 608-6022
Photo of Jennifer King, Psychologist in Philadelphia, PA
Jennifer King
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19103
My therapy style is warm, down-to-earth, and collaborative, with a little humor sprinkled in. I see therapy as a space where you should feel accepted, supported, and empowered to make changes. I use insight, strength-based approaches to help you gain a deeper understanding of your past and how it impacts your present relationships, both with yourself and others. Once we understand the origin of your problems, I can help you make more informed choices to create long-lasting solutions. Our work will help deepen your self-awareness, increase your resilience, improve your relationships, and enhance your overall fulfillment.
My therapy style is warm, down-to-earth, and collaborative, with a little humor sprinkled in. I see therapy as a space where you should feel accepted, supported, and empowered to make changes. I use insight, strength-based approaches to help you gain a deeper understanding of your past and how it impacts your present relationships, both with yourself and others. Once we understand the origin of your problems, I can help you make more informed choices to create long-lasting solutions. Our work will help deepen your self-awareness, increase your resilience, improve your relationships, and enhance your overall fulfillment.
(484) 559-6752 View (484) 559-6752
Photo of Nadaniel Eaddy Jr, Marriage & Family Therapist in Philadelphia, PA
Nadaniel Eaddy Jr
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19128  (Online Only)
Thank you for considering me as your therapist. Like shopping for a car or purchasing a home, finding a therapist with whom you connect is an investment. This investment is meant to benefit you and your desire to have a better quality of life with yourself or your partner. I work with individuals and couples on their journeys to living happier and more content lives. Do you want to feel happy with life and relieved from stress? We can work on taking care of that so that vision of yours can become a reality. Your story and the quality of your life matters most to me.
Thank you for considering me as your therapist. Like shopping for a car or purchasing a home, finding a therapist with whom you connect is an investment. This investment is meant to benefit you and your desire to have a better quality of life with yourself or your partner. I work with individuals and couples on their journeys to living happier and more content lives. Do you want to feel happy with life and relieved from stress? We can work on taking care of that so that vision of yours can become a reality. Your story and the quality of your life matters most to me.
(484) 573-6569 View (484) 573-6569
Photo of Jared D Von Arx, Psychologist in Philadelphia, PA
Jared D Von Arx
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19102
I am a licensed clinical psychologist who believes that everyone needs options when managing their problems. Through the safety of a trusting relationship, I work with a wide array of clients (older adolescents, college students, and adults) in tackling various targeted life issues. I believe that practical coping skills combined with a journey towards a more in-depth understanding of your problems ultimately leads to longer-term success. Together, you and I will review and determine problem areas, discover and explore attainable and healthy choices, and develop a plan to implement changes to meet your goals.
I am a licensed clinical psychologist who believes that everyone needs options when managing their problems. Through the safety of a trusting relationship, I work with a wide array of clients (older adolescents, college students, and adults) in tackling various targeted life issues. I believe that practical coping skills combined with a journey towards a more in-depth understanding of your problems ultimately leads to longer-term success. Together, you and I will review and determine problem areas, discover and explore attainable and healthy choices, and develop a plan to implement changes to meet your goals.
(215) 688-5916 View (215) 688-5916
Photo of Meredith R. Munro, Marriage & Family Therapist in Philadelphia, PA
Meredith R. Munro
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
9 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19102  (Online Only)
Seeking help is a sign of strength and health, not weakness or shame. You have a story and it matters. As an experienced mental health therapist, I feel honored to listen to your story and work together toward change and healing. My style is very warm, supportive, emotions-focused and collaborative. I place the utmost importance on developing a strong, trusting therapeutic relationship. Most often I work with individuals affected by issues of depression, anxiety, trauma, identity/self-esteem, attachment and relationship issues. I also help clients with other challenges including grief, self-harm, and chronic health issues.
Seeking help is a sign of strength and health, not weakness or shame. You have a story and it matters. As an experienced mental health therapist, I feel honored to listen to your story and work together toward change and healing. My style is very warm, supportive, emotions-focused and collaborative. I place the utmost importance on developing a strong, trusting therapeutic relationship. Most often I work with individuals affected by issues of depression, anxiety, trauma, identity/self-esteem, attachment and relationship issues. I also help clients with other challenges including grief, self-harm, and chronic health issues.
(267) 388-4742 View (267) 388-4742
Photo of Chandler Donny, Pre-Licensed Professional in Philadelphia, PA
Chandler Donny
Pre-Licensed Professional, MEd
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19109
I believe therapy should always be a space that allows clients to share their stories, free from judgment, as we explore how the plot might be affected by trauma or other unresolved feelings. Specifically, as an ally of the LGBTQ+ and POC communities, I strive to listen and make space for those whose stories are often forgotten or not heard.
I believe therapy should always be a space that allows clients to share their stories, free from judgment, as we explore how the plot might be affected by trauma or other unresolved feelings. Specifically, as an ally of the LGBTQ+ and POC communities, I strive to listen and make space for those whose stories are often forgotten or not heard.
(267) 495-4951 View (267) 495-4951
Photo of Robin Fierstein, Psychologist in Philadelphia, PA
Robin Fierstein
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19103  (Online Only)
People seek therapy for a variety of reasons. Though the process of therapy can be difficult, I bring an accepting and compassionate mindset to our relationship that will help you feel comfortable in session and leave therapy feeling more satisfied, skillful, and empowered.
People seek therapy for a variety of reasons. Though the process of therapy can be difficult, I bring an accepting and compassionate mindset to our relationship that will help you feel comfortable in session and leave therapy feeling more satisfied, skillful, and empowered.
(215) 789-4397 View (215) 789-4397
Photo of Carly Stanton, Licensed Professional Counselor in Philadelphia, PA
Carly Stanton
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MT-BC
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19103  (Online Only)
Carly Stanton LPC, MT-BC, is a trauma-informed therapist who through her nonjudgemental, empathetic, and authentic presence creates a safe place for you to share your story. She has experience in the areas of: anxiety, depression, adult ADHD, isolation, relationship issues, women’s issues, OCD, life transitions, career challenges, trauma, adolescents, and more.
Carly Stanton LPC, MT-BC, is a trauma-informed therapist who through her nonjudgemental, empathetic, and authentic presence creates a safe place for you to share your story. She has experience in the areas of: anxiety, depression, adult ADHD, isolation, relationship issues, women’s issues, OCD, life transitions, career challenges, trauma, adolescents, and more.
(215) 234-1287 View (215) 234-1287
Photo of Kristle J. Small Counseling Group, Licensed Professional Counselor in Philadelphia, PA
Kristle J. Small Counseling Group
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19103
Feeling depressed or worried? Feeling stressed and overwhelmed? Is your relationship in trouble? Visiting a psychotherapist can help! This is a mental health and counseling practice in service located in center city Philadelphia. My mission is helping clients feel like they are talking to an objective friend. Are you ready to transform your life and get on the right track? As a psychotherapist I can help you to get the results you want for your life.
Feeling depressed or worried? Feeling stressed and overwhelmed? Is your relationship in trouble? Visiting a psychotherapist can help! This is a mental health and counseling practice in service located in center city Philadelphia. My mission is helping clients feel like they are talking to an objective friend. Are you ready to transform your life and get on the right track? As a psychotherapist I can help you to get the results you want for your life.
(215) 995-0171 View (215) 995-0171
Photo of Cognitive Behavior Institute, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Philadelphia, PA
Cognitive Behavior Institute
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19120  (Online Only)
Welcome to Cognitive Behavior Institute! We are committed to providing the best care possible through established treatment methods. These treatment methods are proven to be effective for a wide range of mental health diagnoses and psychological distresses. Cognitive Behavior Institute (CBI) is proud to employ adept licensed clinicians, board-certified psychiatrists, and compassionate administrative staff with diverse experience in their respective fields.
Welcome to Cognitive Behavior Institute! We are committed to providing the best care possible through established treatment methods. These treatment methods are proven to be effective for a wide range of mental health diagnoses and psychological distresses. Cognitive Behavior Institute (CBI) is proud to employ adept licensed clinicians, board-certified psychiatrists, and compassionate administrative staff with diverse experience in their respective fields.
(215) 607-7320 View (215) 607-7320
Photo of Madeline Weber, Pre-Licensed Professional in Philadelphia, PA
Madeline Weber
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19102  (Online Only)
Welcome, and how amazing we are both meeting here. When looking for a therapist there can be many uncertainties, regardless if this is your first time or you are well-versed in searching for a therapist that will suit your needs. I am here to walk alongside you in this journey, offering support, guidance, and healthy coping skills to help you reach your goals. I am passionate about working with persons of all identities that are willing to look into their experiences of anxiety, depression, trauma, childhood, and discomfort that are occurring in their lives. I also offer a sliding scale to accommodate financial needs.
Welcome, and how amazing we are both meeting here. When looking for a therapist there can be many uncertainties, regardless if this is your first time or you are well-versed in searching for a therapist that will suit your needs. I am here to walk alongside you in this journey, offering support, guidance, and healthy coping skills to help you reach your goals. I am passionate about working with persons of all identities that are willing to look into their experiences of anxiety, depression, trauma, childhood, and discomfort that are occurring in their lives. I also offer a sliding scale to accommodate financial needs.
(484) 623-6001 View (484) 623-6001
Photo of Tiffany Harris, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Philadelphia, PA
Tiffany Harris
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19120  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker available for Individual therapy and Individual & Group Supervision. You can have peace in the midst of the storm. We all come to a point where life's challenges feel overwhelming and we need extra support and validation. My goal is to assist you with getting back to your best self.
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker available for Individual therapy and Individual & Group Supervision. You can have peace in the midst of the storm. We all come to a point where life's challenges feel overwhelming and we need extra support and validation. My goal is to assist you with getting back to your best self.
(267) 705-6167 View (267) 705-6167
Photo of Emet Bergman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Philadelphia, PA
Emet Bergman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19143
Whether you are seeking support around a particular question or area for growth, or searching for a space to figure out what the questions are, you are welcome. I endeavor to provide a collaborative and individualized approach to meet you where you are, and support you in achieving your goals. In relationships I believe authenticity is crucial to build trust and engage in growth. I seek to build authentic connection in therapeutic relationships and view this as an essential foundation for humans in building a deeper connection with the self as a reservoir of their own power. I am also offering ketamine-assisted psychotherapy (KAP).
Whether you are seeking support around a particular question or area for growth, or searching for a space to figure out what the questions are, you are welcome. I endeavor to provide a collaborative and individualized approach to meet you where you are, and support you in achieving your goals. In relationships I believe authenticity is crucial to build trust and engage in growth. I seek to build authentic connection in therapeutic relationships and view this as an essential foundation for humans in building a deeper connection with the self as a reservoir of their own power. I am also offering ketamine-assisted psychotherapy (KAP).
(215) 935-4939 View (215) 935-4939
Photo of Jennifer Hammond, Licensed Professional Counselor in Philadelphia, PA
Jennifer Hammond
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19102
Jen is a Licensed Professional Counselor who earned her Master's degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Villanova University. She focuses on treating each client as an individual to collaboratively address the thoughts and behaviors that make you feel stuck. Jen provides individual therapy to an adult population using CBT, trauma-informed, and mindfulness-based approaches. Particular areas of interest include anxiety, depression, trauma, and co-occurring disorders.
Jen is a Licensed Professional Counselor who earned her Master's degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Villanova University. She focuses on treating each client as an individual to collaboratively address the thoughts and behaviors that make you feel stuck. Jen provides individual therapy to an adult population using CBT, trauma-informed, and mindfulness-based approaches. Particular areas of interest include anxiety, depression, trauma, and co-occurring disorders.
(484) 613-3380 View (484) 613-3380
Photo of Nichelle Linder, Licensed Professional Counselor in Philadelphia, PA
Nichelle Linder
Licensed Professional Counselor, LBS, LPC, LPCMH
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19135  (Online Only)
Life can get overwhelming and you feel like you're in it alone. I meet you where you are at by viewing your needs as they are. I'm client centered and together we'll work. I've been in this field since 2009 as a professional helper, and started out working w/ children, pre-teens, adolescence (i.e., foster care, adoption, behavioral and emotional, and autism); then expanded into working w/ adults (i.e., SMI population, forensic population, criminal justice involve population, substance abuse, anxiety, depression, OCD, anger management, life transitions, thinking disorders). I want to empower you to help you overcome obstacles.
Life can get overwhelming and you feel like you're in it alone. I meet you where you are at by viewing your needs as they are. I'm client centered and together we'll work. I've been in this field since 2009 as a professional helper, and started out working w/ children, pre-teens, adolescence (i.e., foster care, adoption, behavioral and emotional, and autism); then expanded into working w/ adults (i.e., SMI population, forensic population, criminal justice involve population, substance abuse, anxiety, depression, OCD, anger management, life transitions, thinking disorders). I want to empower you to help you overcome obstacles.
(215) 544-2936 View (215) 544-2936
Photo of Garden Path Counseling, LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in Philadelphia, PA
Garden Path Counseling, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, PsyD, LPC
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19130
Garden Path Counseling's focus is to help individuals heal, energize, and become aware of their inner strengths. We achieve this by providing a neutral safe space, listening to your concerns, and customizing a treatment plan. We promise to be there for you every step of your journey. Our goal is to help you grow from your struggles, heal from your pain, and move forward to where you want to be in your life. You can call or email us to set up a free 15 minute consultation to discuss your mental health needs and find out if one of Garden Path Counseling's therapists are right for you.
Garden Path Counseling's focus is to help individuals heal, energize, and become aware of their inner strengths. We achieve this by providing a neutral safe space, listening to your concerns, and customizing a treatment plan. We promise to be there for you every step of your journey. Our goal is to help you grow from your struggles, heal from your pain, and move forward to where you want to be in your life. You can call or email us to set up a free 15 minute consultation to discuss your mental health needs and find out if one of Garden Path Counseling's therapists are right for you.
(215) 770-3648 View (215) 770-3648
Photo of Joseph A Ofalt, Psychologist in Philadelphia, PA
Joseph A Ofalt
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19119
At times you may feel too depleted to consider making needed changes in your life, or to know what is even possible to change. Old coping mechanisms no longer work so well, bringing diminishing returns and unhappiness. It may take a crisis to be ready to seek help. Psychotherapy can reveal ways of replacing the behavior patterns and symptoms that cause us trouble with real solutions. Using the insights of existential and psychodynamic perspectives of psychology - including dream work - as a basis, I will help you understand yourself, care for yourself, and discover strength and meaning wherever you may find yourself in your life.
At times you may feel too depleted to consider making needed changes in your life, or to know what is even possible to change. Old coping mechanisms no longer work so well, bringing diminishing returns and unhappiness. It may take a crisis to be ready to seek help. Psychotherapy can reveal ways of replacing the behavior patterns and symptoms that cause us trouble with real solutions. Using the insights of existential and psychodynamic perspectives of psychology - including dream work - as a basis, I will help you understand yourself, care for yourself, and discover strength and meaning wherever you may find yourself in your life.
(267) 651-1287 View (267) 651-1287

See more therapy options for Philadelphia

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Philadelphia, PA

3,000+

Average cost per session

$145

Therapists in Philadelphia, PA who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
86% Depression
74% Self Esteem
71% Relationship Issues
69% Trauma and PTSD
65% Coping Skills
60% Stress

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

80% Aetna
68% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
66% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Philadelphia, PA see their clients

50% Online Only
50% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

77% Female
20% Male
3% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Philadelphia?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.