Photo of Radiant Heart Counselling, Counsellor in V6V, BC
Radiant Heart Counselling
Counsellor, CCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Richmond, BC V6V  (Online Only)
As a counselor, my heart reaches out to women of any age who seek to uncover their life potential, couples looking for premarital/marriage counseling (including cross-cultural couples), busy mothers striving to constantly improve the quality of marriage and family life, immigrants trying to build new lives in another country, parents eager to understand their children's and their own personality traits to construct healthy parent-child interactions, parents caring for children with special needs, individuals striving for higher sense of freedom through reflections on life purpose, gender equality, and generational traumas.
As a counselor, my heart reaches out to women of any age who seek to uncover their life potential, couples looking for premarital/marriage counseling (including cross-cultural couples), busy mothers striving to constantly improve the quality of marriage and family life, immigrants trying to build new lives in another country, parents eager to understand their children's and their own personality traits to construct healthy parent-child interactions, parents caring for children with special needs, individuals striving for higher sense of freedom through reflections on life purpose, gender equality, and generational traumas.
(581) 502-1647 View (581) 502-1647
Photo of Sanela Jakovljev, Counsellor in V6V, BC
Sanela Jakovljev
Counsellor, MC, RCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Richmond, BC V6V  (Online Only)
Are you sick of waking up to another day of pain? Tired of trying to explain spoon theory to people committed to misunderstanding you? Are you stuck in executive dysfunction or the overwhelm that comes with neurodivergence? Maybe you've been dismissed by the very professionals meant to help you? I specialize in supporting clients who are neurodivergent and/or living with chronic pain. Using my own lived experience, and drawing upon the principles of ACT, IFS and Somatic Experiencing, I help clients find new and meaningful ways to navigate life with pain and/or neurodivergence.
Are you sick of waking up to another day of pain? Tired of trying to explain spoon theory to people committed to misunderstanding you? Are you stuck in executive dysfunction or the overwhelm that comes with neurodivergence? Maybe you've been dismissed by the very professionals meant to help you? I specialize in supporting clients who are neurodivergent and/or living with chronic pain. Using my own lived experience, and drawing upon the principles of ACT, IFS and Somatic Experiencing, I help clients find new and meaningful ways to navigate life with pain and/or neurodivergence.
(343) 313-0575 View (343) 313-0575
Photo of Heather Awad, Counsellor in V6V, BC
Heather Awad
Counsellor, MCP, RCC
Verified Verified
Richmond, BC V6V  (Online Only)
Experiencing that constant loop of negative thoughts, low mood and crippling fears that over power every part of your life, is exhausting. Practicing since 2008, I have worked with individuals, couples and families to challenge those loud critical voices within that you just can’t seem to quiet down. My commitment to you is to provide a warm and safe space for your mind and body to process difficult emotions, thoughts and experiences to regain a sense of stability, self control, and self compassion.
Experiencing that constant loop of negative thoughts, low mood and crippling fears that over power every part of your life, is exhausting. Practicing since 2008, I have worked with individuals, couples and families to challenge those loud critical voices within that you just can’t seem to quiet down. My commitment to you is to provide a warm and safe space for your mind and body to process difficult emotions, thoughts and experiences to regain a sense of stability, self control, and self compassion.
(587) 817-8260 View (587) 817-8260
Photo of Arnold K Tse, Counsellor in V6V, BC
Arnold K Tse
Counsellor, MCP, RCC
Verified Verified
Richmond, BC V6V
Are you tired of things not working? Do you feel like whatever you do, or however you try, problems still persist? We tend to react to current problems based on learnings from past experiences. Due to specific needs during the past experience, solutions were learned, which we may have continued to bring forward for future use, assuming that it would still be helpful, even if it does not match with our current challenges. My treatment goal is to help you realize the mismatched ways (which may perhaps contain your strengths and resources!), and to reorientate you to more helpful ways.
Are you tired of things not working? Do you feel like whatever you do, or however you try, problems still persist? We tend to react to current problems based on learnings from past experiences. Due to specific needs during the past experience, solutions were learned, which we may have continued to bring forward for future use, assuming that it would still be helpful, even if it does not match with our current challenges. My treatment goal is to help you realize the mismatched ways (which may perhaps contain your strengths and resources!), and to reorientate you to more helpful ways.
(778) 654-3053 View (778) 654-3053
Photo of Linda Lane-Devlin -Private Practice, Drug & Alcohol Counsellor in V6V, BC
Linda Lane-Devlin -Private Practice
Drug & Alcohol Counsellor, ICADC, CIP, CCAC, CCCS, BA
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Richmond, BC V6V
Addiction Specialist & Interventionist - Internationally Certified Alcohol and Drug Counsellor (CACCF), CCCS, CCAC Certified Counsellor , Board Certified Interventionist PCB CIP. Linda continues to educate, innovate, inspire and support clients, families,about using a more collaborative approach. She has over 19 years of experience working in the addictions field. Linda's commitment to excellence in best practice guides the service provision. People's behaviors are shaped by their experiences, and each person is unique in this regard.
Addiction Specialist & Interventionist - Internationally Certified Alcohol and Drug Counsellor (CACCF), CCCS, CCAC Certified Counsellor , Board Certified Interventionist PCB CIP. Linda continues to educate, innovate, inspire and support clients, families,about using a more collaborative approach. She has over 19 years of experience working in the addictions field. Linda's commitment to excellence in best practice guides the service provision. People's behaviors are shaped by their experiences, and each person is unique in this regard.
(778) 400-6685 View (778) 400-6685
Photo of Manisha Motha, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in V6V, BC
Manisha Motha
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
Richmond, BC V6V
Change can be difficult and scary, but so important for living the life you want. I believe in working respectfully and compassionately with you, to achieve your goals. I am trained in several therapeutic approaches including: EMDR, Somatic Therapy, Mindfulness, CBT, Motivational Interviewing and Brief-Solution Focused Therapy. I work with individuals struggling with mood disorders (anxiety, depression), trauma, PTSD, grief and loss. I also work on self-esteem building, family and relationship concerns, and professional development and enhancement. Contact me if you are ready to take your first step towards your best life.
Change can be difficult and scary, but so important for living the life you want. I believe in working respectfully and compassionately with you, to achieve your goals. I am trained in several therapeutic approaches including: EMDR, Somatic Therapy, Mindfulness, CBT, Motivational Interviewing and Brief-Solution Focused Therapy. I work with individuals struggling with mood disorders (anxiety, depression), trauma, PTSD, grief and loss. I also work on self-esteem building, family and relationship concerns, and professional development and enhancement. Contact me if you are ready to take your first step towards your best life.
(778) 765-1146 View (778) 765-1146
Photo of Rebecca Hunting, Counsellor in V6V, BC
Rebecca Hunting
Counsellor, BA, MA, RCC
Verified Verified
Richmond, BC V6V  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
My focus is on Relationship Counselling. This encompasses all forms of relationships on an individual, couple or group counselling basis. Often when clients come in, clarification may be needed in order for clients to fully understand their part in a relationship. If this is the case, the first sessions will be on how to communicate from a grounded, rational viewpoint. Once this is achieved, clients will move into the next phase of deep relational emotion focused counselling to allow for a deeper understanding of self and each other.
My focus is on Relationship Counselling. This encompasses all forms of relationships on an individual, couple or group counselling basis. Often when clients come in, clarification may be needed in order for clients to fully understand their part in a relationship. If this is the case, the first sessions will be on how to communicate from a grounded, rational viewpoint. Once this is achieved, clients will move into the next phase of deep relational emotion focused counselling to allow for a deeper understanding of self and each other.
(877) 661-2474 View (877) 661-2474
Photo of Blooming Brains Neurofeedback and Technologies, Counsellor in V6V, BC
Blooming Brains Neurofeedback and Technologies
Counsellor, MA, RCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Richmond, BC V6V
Our clients generally report that they handle stress better, focus more, improve sleep and mood, in addition to feeling more relaxed. This is just some of the ways that Neurofeedback can help. Our systems use EEG Biofeedback to collect information about your brain's electrical activity, then they inform your brain about it's own performance in a way that the brain can then use to optimize. We need no diagnosis or referral to train your brain; it is easy and accessible for people of all ages. Our systems train the whole brain at once, relying on the body's innate self-regulating capacity.
Our clients generally report that they handle stress better, focus more, improve sleep and mood, in addition to feeling more relaxed. This is just some of the ways that Neurofeedback can help. Our systems use EEG Biofeedback to collect information about your brain's electrical activity, then they inform your brain about it's own performance in a way that the brain can then use to optimize. We need no diagnosis or referral to train your brain; it is easy and accessible for people of all ages. Our systems train the whole brain at once, relying on the body's innate self-regulating capacity.
(778) 404-1309 View (778) 404-1309
Photo of Ginny Wong, Counsellor in V6V, BC
Ginny Wong
Counsellor, MC, RCC, BSW
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Richmond, BC V6V
I am a Registered Clinical Counsellor with a Master's Degree in Counselling, with over 30 years of experience as a social worker serving clients from all cultural backgrounds. In additions, I am an approved service provider for the Crime Victim Assistance program and ICBC clients. For the past 20 years, I have been working as a settlement counsellor and parent educator helping immigrants, refugees, and international students who are adjusting to life in Canada. I worked at The Canadian Red Cross and managed a team of volunteers that provided emotional support to parents and caregivers dealing with critically ill children.
I am a Registered Clinical Counsellor with a Master's Degree in Counselling, with over 30 years of experience as a social worker serving clients from all cultural backgrounds. In additions, I am an approved service provider for the Crime Victim Assistance program and ICBC clients. For the past 20 years, I have been working as a settlement counsellor and parent educator helping immigrants, refugees, and international students who are adjusting to life in Canada. I worked at The Canadian Red Cross and managed a team of volunteers that provided emotional support to parents and caregivers dealing with critically ill children.
(604) 332-4406 View (604) 332-4406
Photo of Monique Wong, Counsellor in V6V, BC
Monique Wong
Counsellor, RCC, CCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Richmond, BC V6V  (Online Only)
Having a family member struggling with mental health issue has first inspired me to go into counselling. I have also been through counselling at different points in my life, which helps me gain a better understanding of the counselling process and its benefits as a client.
Having a family member struggling with mental health issue has first inspired me to go into counselling. I have also been through counselling at different points in my life, which helps me gain a better understanding of the counselling process and its benefits as a client.
View
Photo of Chloe Stevens, Counsellor in V6V, BC
Chloe Stevens
Counsellor, MCP, RCC
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Richmond, BC V6V
I integrate a trauma informed, socially just and culturally responsive approach to my sessions in which I honour the unique and diverse identity narratives and life experiences each client holds. I will help you explore how your past, emotions, thoughts, beliefs, and behaviours contribute to your current struggles, while exploring different ways of being that invite greater opportunity for joy, freedom, meaning and connection. With a curious and empathetic attitude, I will work collaboratively with you, at your pace, to help you find clarity, meaning and help you uncover the tools your already have within you to move forward.
I integrate a trauma informed, socially just and culturally responsive approach to my sessions in which I honour the unique and diverse identity narratives and life experiences each client holds. I will help you explore how your past, emotions, thoughts, beliefs, and behaviours contribute to your current struggles, while exploring different ways of being that invite greater opportunity for joy, freedom, meaning and connection. With a curious and empathetic attitude, I will work collaboratively with you, at your pace, to help you find clarity, meaning and help you uncover the tools your already have within you to move forward.
(249) 802-8606 View (249) 802-8606
Photo of Hira Imam, Counsellor in V6V, BC
Hira Imam
Counsellor, MEd, RCC, CCC
Verified Verified
Richmond, BC V6V
The people I often work with are struggling with the feeling that they don't belong anywhere - whether that be with friends, family or at school, or work. They feel like they aren't 'good enough,' to be in the spaces or roles that they are in. Some find their relationships complicated - with friends, family, or romantic partners - where others don’t understand their values and what they want. You deserve to be heard, you deserve to live life on your terms with your values, and you deserve space to belong.
The people I often work with are struggling with the feeling that they don't belong anywhere - whether that be with friends, family or at school, or work. They feel like they aren't 'good enough,' to be in the spaces or roles that they are in. Some find their relationships complicated - with friends, family, or romantic partners - where others don’t understand their values and what they want. You deserve to be heard, you deserve to live life on your terms with your values, and you deserve space to belong.
(506) 804-4270 View (506) 804-4270
Photo of Viviana Ni, Counselling & Art Therapy Services, Counsellor in V6V, BC
Viviana Ni, Counselling & Art Therapy Services
Counsellor, RCC, CCC, RCAT, BCATR, MA
Verified Verified
Richmond, BC V6V
“Healing is a beautiful ray of light that you simply need to reach your hand toward.” I believe your personal understanding of your life experiences is of great value, and I am dedicated to collaborating closely with you to tailor a counselling strategy that suits your needs. Viviana deeply appreciates the opportunity to assist clients in fostering self-awareness, self-empathy, and the path to healing, as well as in implementing practical solutions to make everyday tasks more manageable.
“Healing is a beautiful ray of light that you simply need to reach your hand toward.” I believe your personal understanding of your life experiences is of great value, and I am dedicated to collaborating closely with you to tailor a counselling strategy that suits your needs. Viviana deeply appreciates the opportunity to assist clients in fostering self-awareness, self-empathy, and the path to healing, as well as in implementing practical solutions to make everyday tasks more manageable.
(249) 202-2178 View (249) 202-2178
Photo of Ashley J Kreze, Counsellor in V6V, BC
Ashley J Kreze
Counsellor, BA, MA, RCC, RP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Richmond, BC V6V  (Online Only)
Struggling with emotions or life changes? Our counselling practice provides an empowering solution to overcome obstacles and achieve purpose. We create a nurturing environment for you to explore emotions. Together, we craft tailored strategies for growth, guiding you at every step. Whether it's battling anxiety, overcoming depression, addressing relationship concerns, or feeling constrained in life, our dedicated team empowers you with clarity and guidance.
Struggling with emotions or life changes? Our counselling practice provides an empowering solution to overcome obstacles and achieve purpose. We create a nurturing environment for you to explore emotions. Together, we craft tailored strategies for growth, guiding you at every step. Whether it's battling anxiety, overcoming depression, addressing relationship concerns, or feeling constrained in life, our dedicated team empowers you with clarity and guidance.
(289) 536-4503 View (289) 536-4503
Photo of Karen Battersby, Counsellor in V6V, BC
Karen Battersby
Counsellor, MACP, CCC
Verified Verified
Richmond, BC V6V
I am a dedicated and compassionate therapist offering professional and inclusive counselling services for individuals, couples, and families. My approach is tailored to meet the unique needs of all ages, backgrounds, and abilities, providing a nurturing environment to help cope with challenges and build resilience.
I am a dedicated and compassionate therapist offering professional and inclusive counselling services for individuals, couples, and families. My approach is tailored to meet the unique needs of all ages, backgrounds, and abilities, providing a nurturing environment to help cope with challenges and build resilience.
(867) 292-1953 View (867) 292-1953
Photo of Florence Ling, Counsellor in V6V, BC
Florence Ling
Counsellor, MA
Verified Verified
Richmond, BC V6V
* Helping clients understand their difficulties and inner world. * Discovery of their inherent strengths so as to encourage the development of healthy behaviors. * New understandings of themselves and connectedness to others. * Insight into personal history, family dynamics and cultural influences to help them live fully and find joy in their every day life. * New ways of improving relationships, coping with life’s emotional experiences, and solving challenging problems.
* Helping clients understand their difficulties and inner world. * Discovery of their inherent strengths so as to encourage the development of healthy behaviors. * New understandings of themselves and connectedness to others. * Insight into personal history, family dynamics and cultural influences to help them live fully and find joy in their every day life. * New ways of improving relationships, coping with life’s emotional experiences, and solving challenging problems.
(604) 800-6247 View (604) 800-6247
Photo of Janice Ha, Counsellor in V6V, BC
Janice Ha
Counsellor, RTC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Richmond, BC V6V
“ I believe sharing our stories about our personal experiences can awaken our awareness, stretch our hearts, and help us heal” Do you feel like you are on a path of self sabotage and feel stuck? Do you live mostly in your head where it is noisy and chaotic? I believe you can transform negative limiting beliefs, never ending fears and uncertainties. I want to help you build the skill to make healthier choices in relationships, jobs and lifestyle that don’t drain the life out of you. I know it takes courage to reach out for help. I promise I am easy to talk to and aim to make therapy both an enjoyable and forward moving process.
“ I believe sharing our stories about our personal experiences can awaken our awareness, stretch our hearts, and help us heal” Do you feel like you are on a path of self sabotage and feel stuck? Do you live mostly in your head where it is noisy and chaotic? I believe you can transform negative limiting beliefs, never ending fears and uncertainties. I want to help you build the skill to make healthier choices in relationships, jobs and lifestyle that don’t drain the life out of you. I know it takes courage to reach out for help. I promise I am easy to talk to and aim to make therapy both an enjoyable and forward moving process.
(873) 363-0049 View (873) 363-0049
Photo of Min Chi (Violet) Chen, Counsellor in V6V, BC
Min Chi (Violet) Chen
Counsellor, RCC, MCP-AT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Richmond, BC V6V  (Online Only)
Dear clients, I am sending you my warmest greetings as you take this incredible step of showing up for yourself here. Life could be unbearable and confusing at times. I believe that the complexity of life is sometimes beyond words, but never beyond love and the desire to connect with ourselves. It is my hope to meet you and honor your life stories with compassion, love, and a true desire to listen. I look forward to going on this amazing journey with you, one in which we explore the peace, love, and light within you through developing practical ways of healing that suit you the most.
Dear clients, I am sending you my warmest greetings as you take this incredible step of showing up for yourself here. Life could be unbearable and confusing at times. I believe that the complexity of life is sometimes beyond words, but never beyond love and the desire to connect with ourselves. It is my hope to meet you and honor your life stories with compassion, love, and a true desire to listen. I look forward to going on this amazing journey with you, one in which we explore the peace, love, and light within you through developing practical ways of healing that suit you the most.
(807) 790-9670 View (807) 790-9670
Photo of Sharon Lynn Dinur, Counsellor in V6V, BC
Sharon Lynn Dinur
Counsellor, MA, RCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Richmond, BC V6V
My ideal client would be someone who is willing to examine and understand their own potentially limiting narrative, which we all have. This disposition allows us to open up new ways of thinking which in turn promotes motivation, inner-strength and a sense of empowerment. Together, we can start to apply these internal adjustments to their external life in order to achieve their goals. To facilitate this, I like to give manageable homework. For example, I may have my client identify their specific unhelpful thought pattern, re-frame it and apply it tangibly to outside relationships.
My ideal client would be someone who is willing to examine and understand their own potentially limiting narrative, which we all have. This disposition allows us to open up new ways of thinking which in turn promotes motivation, inner-strength and a sense of empowerment. Together, we can start to apply these internal adjustments to their external life in order to achieve their goals. To facilitate this, I like to give manageable homework. For example, I may have my client identify their specific unhelpful thought pattern, re-frame it and apply it tangibly to outside relationships.
(506) 802-9257 View (506) 802-9257
Photo of Shefong Tseng, Counsellor in V6V, BC
Shefong Tseng
Counsellor, RTC, MSc, PEng
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Richmond, BC V6V
If you are struggling with a loss of direction or purpose, and want to rejuvenate life with renewed purpose, facing death or about to lose a loved one, I will work with you to find peace and broader meanings so you can carry on with joy and loving memories. I believe that everyone has the potential to grow beyond their current limits regardless of what they are struggling with i.e. addiction, relationship, life-transitions, or meaninglessness etc.
If you are struggling with a loss of direction or purpose, and want to rejuvenate life with renewed purpose, facing death or about to lose a loved one, I will work with you to find peace and broader meanings so you can carry on with joy and loving memories. I believe that everyone has the potential to grow beyond their current limits regardless of what they are struggling with i.e. addiction, relationship, life-transitions, or meaninglessness etc.
(548) 906-5154 View (548) 906-5154

See more therapy options for V6V

Nearby Searches for V6V

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in V6V

50+

Average cost per session

$150

Counsellors in V6V who prioritize treating:

96% Anxiety
91% Depression
88% Self Esteem
88% Stress
80% Coping Skills
77% Life Transitions
75% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

8 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

64% SunLife
46% Green Shield Canada
46% Pacific Blue Cross

How Counsellors in V6V see their clients

63% In Person and Online
37% Online Only

Gender breakdown

86% Female
14% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in V6V?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postal code, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postal code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Most Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are certified by one of the main professional associations, mainly the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association (CCPA), and will have a Certified Canadian Counsellor (CCC) designation with their name. Social Workers listed in the directory must be registered members of the college specific to their province. To be listed in the directory, Psychologists must be registered with the psychological college specific to their province or territory.

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given the considerable variation in professional regulation and prerequisites across Canadian provinces, some providers may possess significant professional qualifications without necessarily holding professional memberships or being obliged to acquire them. As a result, they may be selectively included without the "Verified" seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Psychologists, counsellors, psychotherapists and social workers can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and supervised, practical experience that enable them to do so in Canada.

Psychologists have a master's and/or doctoral degree and have passed both written and oral exams. Psychologists are able to complete mental health assessments and provide diagnostic information to clients as well as provide counselling therapy or psychotherapy. Counsellors and psychotherapists are expected to have a master's or doctoral degree in counselling psychology, social work, or a related mental health discipline and certification by a professional association, such as the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association. Registered Social Workers possess a Bachelor's or Master's degree in Social Work and where possible must be licensed or certified by the provincial government and/or regulatory college.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Canada could be between $100 and $200. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. Some types of outpatient mental health services are covered by Medicare, provided these are performed by a licensed mental health professional in the provinces or territory you reside in and who accepts the assignment.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postal code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Professionals licensed by regulatory colleges and those certified by associations such as the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association are obligated to uphold client confidentiality unless there is a legal reason that requires them to disclose information. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others, or a court order, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.