Photo of Diane Biggs, Registered Psychotherapist in L1S, ON
Diane Biggs
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, RP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Ajax, ON L1S
Waitlist for new clients
Welcome! I am a Registered Psychotherapist and specialize in grief, trauma, children's grief, bereaved parenting, perinatal mental health, grief, and trauma. I am passionate about providing high quality, creative, and compassionate psychotherapy service to support individuals of all ages during life's most difficult times. I have over 18 years of experience providing psychotherapy to children, youth, adults, and families and am skilled in a variety of psychotherapy methods to best suit your preferences, needs, and situation. I believe that individuals and families are resilient and will empower you to meet your goals.
Welcome! I am a Registered Psychotherapist and specialize in grief, trauma, children's grief, bereaved parenting, perinatal mental health, grief, and trauma. I am passionate about providing high quality, creative, and compassionate psychotherapy service to support individuals of all ages during life's most difficult times. I have over 18 years of experience providing psychotherapy to children, youth, adults, and families and am skilled in a variety of psychotherapy methods to best suit your preferences, needs, and situation. I believe that individuals and families are resilient and will empower you to meet your goals.
(365) 800-0762 View (365) 800-0762
Photo of Durham Psychologists, Psychologist in L1S, ON
Durham Psychologists
Psychologist, CPsych
Verified Verified
Ajax, ON L1S
Durham Psychologists is a full service psychology clinic located in Ajax, Ontario. Our highly qualified, registered, and experienced clinicians are happy to help you. Please feel free to have a look at our website and learn more about this reputable clinic.
Durham Psychologists is a full service psychology clinic located in Ajax, Ontario. Our highly qualified, registered, and experienced clinicians are happy to help you. Please feel free to have a look at our website and learn more about this reputable clinic.
(289) 802-2303 View (289) 802-2303
Photo of Heather Picart, Counsellor in L1S, ON
Heather Picart
Counsellor, MA, OAMHP
Verified Verified
Ajax, ON L1S  (Online Only)
As an effective communicator with excellent interpersonal skills, I enjoy listening to others and providing therapeutic support to those in need. Positive Circles is a counselling company I founded to help your emotional wellness. >> WE CAN HELP YOU << We utilize a combination of interpersonal psychotherapy and cognitive behavioural techniques, which helps to identify your challenges and implement meaningful and evidence based treatment solutions. Being in the GTA affords us the privilege of working with diverse clientele. We have a smart, deep and practical view of the problems people are facing in their professional and personal life.
As an effective communicator with excellent interpersonal skills, I enjoy listening to others and providing therapeutic support to those in need. Positive Circles is a counselling company I founded to help your emotional wellness. >> WE CAN HELP YOU << We utilize a combination of interpersonal psychotherapy and cognitive behavioural techniques, which helps to identify your challenges and implement meaningful and evidence based treatment solutions. Being in the GTA affords us the privilege of working with diverse clientele. We have a smart, deep and practical view of the problems people are facing in their professional and personal life.
(289) 275-3965 View (289) 275-3965
Photo of Marcia E. Rodney, Registered Psychotherapist in L1S, ON
Marcia E. Rodney
Registered Psychotherapist, RSW, RP, MTS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Ajax, ON L1S  (Online Only)
Are you struggling with anxiety, depression, and other mental health issues? Do you find yourself worrying endlessly over everyday issues like health, family problems, money? Do you find that you can't relax, concentrate, can't fall sleep or stay asleep? If you are struggling with any of these issues, now might be the time to connect with a therapist who can help. Let's work together to develop a plan that can offer you relief, so that you can experience a better quality of life. Continue reading to learn how booking your first session is the best, yet most difficult decision you will ever make as an investment in your future.
Are you struggling with anxiety, depression, and other mental health issues? Do you find yourself worrying endlessly over everyday issues like health, family problems, money? Do you find that you can't relax, concentrate, can't fall sleep or stay asleep? If you are struggling with any of these issues, now might be the time to connect with a therapist who can help. Let's work together to develop a plan that can offer you relief, so that you can experience a better quality of life. Continue reading to learn how booking your first session is the best, yet most difficult decision you will ever make as an investment in your future.
(289) 274-6230 View (289) 274-6230
Photo of Sandria Bryce - Certified Nurse Psychotherapist in L1S, ON
Sandria Bryce - Certified Nurse Psychotherapist
CNP/, CPN, RN, BScN
Verified Verified
Ajax, ON L1S
Are you a BIPOC female experiencing heart palpitations, shortness of breath, sweaty palms due to anxiety? Are you struggling with self-esteem, fear, depression, confused with thoughts that you are not good enough? Are you experiencing feelings of shame and hopelessness? I can help you figure out what’s really going on. I understand what you are going through. by providing you with 5 different tools and techniques that you can use at any time to give you quick relief. I am solution focused and collaborative, you and I will work together to address the self-esteem, anxiety and depression issues that are bothering you.
Are you a BIPOC female experiencing heart palpitations, shortness of breath, sweaty palms due to anxiety? Are you struggling with self-esteem, fear, depression, confused with thoughts that you are not good enough? Are you experiencing feelings of shame and hopelessness? I can help you figure out what’s really going on. I understand what you are going through. by providing you with 5 different tools and techniques that you can use at any time to give you quick relief. I am solution focused and collaborative, you and I will work together to address the self-esteem, anxiety and depression issues that are bothering you.
(289) 271-0375 View (289) 271-0375
Photo of Jocelyn Tripp, Registered Psychotherapist in L1S, ON
Jocelyn Tripp
Registered Psychotherapist, MA , RP
Verified Verified
Ajax, ON L1S
I am a fully licensed Registered Psychotherapist and a member in good standing of the College of Registered Psychotherapists of Ontario (CPRO). I have over 10 years of experience as a therapist, both in Canada and the United States. In my work, I use a therapy called EMDR that helps people feel better and enjoy their lives more. I also use other types of therapy, like Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Narrative Therapy.
I am a fully licensed Registered Psychotherapist and a member in good standing of the College of Registered Psychotherapists of Ontario (CPRO). I have over 10 years of experience as a therapist, both in Canada and the United States. In my work, I use a therapy called EMDR that helps people feel better and enjoy their lives more. I also use other types of therapy, like Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Narrative Therapy.
(289) 312-5195 View (289) 312-5195
Photo of Sarah Karkanis, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) in L1S, ON
Sarah Karkanis
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying)
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Ajax, ON L1S
Do you understand your thought processes or have had therapy before, but still find yourself in the same relationships or repeating the same patterns in your life over and over? You know what triggers you but are still constantly overwhelmed, numb, or dysregulated? Are you stuck in a state of guilt, shame or unworthiness? Do you struggle to find some compassion for yourself because you don't feel like you are living the life you think you should? Have you accomplished your goals or those set out for you but nothing is giving? Maybe you haven't and the pressure weighing on you. If so, we might be a good fit.
Do you understand your thought processes or have had therapy before, but still find yourself in the same relationships or repeating the same patterns in your life over and over? You know what triggers you but are still constantly overwhelmed, numb, or dysregulated? Are you stuck in a state of guilt, shame or unworthiness? Do you struggle to find some compassion for yourself because you don't feel like you are living the life you think you should? Have you accomplished your goals or those set out for you but nothing is giving? Maybe you haven't and the pressure weighing on you. If so, we might be a good fit.
(289) 796-8060 View (289) 796-8060
Photo of Lynn Trauzzi, Registered Psychotherapist in L1S, ON
Lynn Trauzzi
Registered Psychotherapist, MACP
Verified Verified
Ajax, ON L1S
If you are feeling stuck, experiencing thoughts you cannot stop, anxiety, addiction, anger, deep sadness, confusion, a relentless inner critic, I can help. You don't have to go through this alone. My intention as a therapist is to provide guidance and help you tune into your inner wisdom and access the self-energy to improve your life and feel better, which for most of us is some combined measure of calm, happiness, courage, and self-confidence.
If you are feeling stuck, experiencing thoughts you cannot stop, anxiety, addiction, anger, deep sadness, confusion, a relentless inner critic, I can help. You don't have to go through this alone. My intention as a therapist is to provide guidance and help you tune into your inner wisdom and access the self-energy to improve your life and feel better, which for most of us is some combined measure of calm, happiness, courage, and self-confidence.
(289) 207-7655 View (289) 207-7655
Photo of Jyotsna Saraf-Uiterlinden, Registered Social Worker in L1S, ON
Jyotsna Saraf-Uiterlinden
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW, LLM
Verified Verified
Ajax, ON L1S
Successful psychotherapy requires close cooperation between a client seeking change, and an experienced therapist/coach to facilitate that change. I work with individuals, couples, families and expatriates in the areas of trauma, depression, anxiety and chemical dependency. I offer personalized treatment approaches from the fields of clinical counselling, organizational and occupational psychology as well as cognitive behavioral therapy. As a trained EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) therapist, I also encourage lifestyle adjustments as part of a holistic treatment designed to help clients cope, and continue onto their path of recovery.
Successful psychotherapy requires close cooperation between a client seeking change, and an experienced therapist/coach to facilitate that change. I work with individuals, couples, families and expatriates in the areas of trauma, depression, anxiety and chemical dependency. I offer personalized treatment approaches from the fields of clinical counselling, organizational and occupational psychology as well as cognitive behavioral therapy. As a trained EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) therapist, I also encourage lifestyle adjustments as part of a holistic treatment designed to help clients cope, and continue onto their path of recovery.
(647) 931-1231 View (647) 931-1231
Photo of Lisa Trepanier, Psychologist in L1S, ON
Lisa Trepanier
Psychologist, PhD, CPsych
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Ajax, ON L1S
I am dually trained as a Neuropsychologist and Clinical Psychologist. I am able to provide thorough examinations of your brain health, mental health, and/or personality. I actively provide psychotherapy and other forms of psychological treatment related to these issues. I teach at York University, am on Faculty at the University of Toronto and regularly attend workshops/conferences, which helps to keep my knowledge current and practical. Common referral issues relate to work, mood, coping, chronic stress, chronic pain, or an acquired problem. Whether you struggle with your physical and/or mental health, I can assist you with improving both.
I am dually trained as a Neuropsychologist and Clinical Psychologist. I am able to provide thorough examinations of your brain health, mental health, and/or personality. I actively provide psychotherapy and other forms of psychological treatment related to these issues. I teach at York University, am on Faculty at the University of Toronto and regularly attend workshops/conferences, which helps to keep my knowledge current and practical. Common referral issues relate to work, mood, coping, chronic stress, chronic pain, or an acquired problem. Whether you struggle with your physical and/or mental health, I can assist you with improving both.
(844) 332-2482 View (844) 332-2482
Photo of Acquah Counseling and Consulting Services , Registered Social Worker in L1S, ON
Acquah Counseling and Consulting Services
Registered Social Worker, Hon BA, BSW, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Ajax, ON L1S
Accepting New Client's: My ideal client is motivated for personal growth, facing issues from anxiety to life transitions. They seek a safe space for emotions, clarity, coping strategies, seeking validation, support, and guidance. Goals include mental health, resilience, self-esteem, and healthy relationships for a fulfilling life. They strive for self-compassion, inner peace, empowerment, personal transformation, emotional intelligence, purpose, and growth.
Accepting New Client's: My ideal client is motivated for personal growth, facing issues from anxiety to life transitions. They seek a safe space for emotions, clarity, coping strategies, seeking validation, support, and guidance. Goals include mental health, resilience, self-esteem, and healthy relationships for a fulfilling life. They strive for self-compassion, inner peace, empowerment, personal transformation, emotional intelligence, purpose, and growth.
(647) 370-6417 View (647) 370-6417
Photo of Mills | Gosse Psychology, Psychologist in L1S, ON
Mills | Gosse Psychology
Psychologist, MA, CPsych
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Ajax, ON L1S
Hello there, my name is Scott Gosse and I am the Chief Psychologist at Mills Gosse Psychology. Located in Ajax Ontario, Mills Gosse Psychology is a renowned psychology practice serving the Durham Region as well as the Greater Toronto, Peterborough and Kawartha areas. With over 20 years of experience, our compassionate team of highly skilled clinicians is dedicated to providing accessible and timely therapy, counselling and assessments to children, teens and adults including WSIB and MVA claimants and first responders.
Hello there, my name is Scott Gosse and I am the Chief Psychologist at Mills Gosse Psychology. Located in Ajax Ontario, Mills Gosse Psychology is a renowned psychology practice serving the Durham Region as well as the Greater Toronto, Peterborough and Kawartha areas. With over 20 years of experience, our compassionate team of highly skilled clinicians is dedicated to providing accessible and timely therapy, counselling and assessments to children, teens and adults including WSIB and MVA claimants and first responders.
(289) 276-7516 View (289) 276-7516
Photo of Marta Gozdzik, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) in L1S, ON
Marta Gozdzik
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), RN, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Ajax, ON L1S  (Online Only)
Do you feel exhausted from distressing thoughts and intense emotions? Are you struggling to cope? You are not alone. If you are feeling overwhelmed, there is support available. Together, we can explore your concerns and develop a treatment plan to work towards your goals. You are welcome to book a consultation with me to determine if we will be a good fit to do the work together.
Do you feel exhausted from distressing thoughts and intense emotions? Are you struggling to cope? You are not alone. If you are feeling overwhelmed, there is support available. Together, we can explore your concerns and develop a treatment plan to work towards your goals. You are welcome to book a consultation with me to determine if we will be a good fit to do the work together.
(905) 767-4666 View (905) 767-4666
Photo of Sheeba Narikuzhy, Registered Psychotherapist in L1S, ON
Sheeba Narikuzhy
Registered Psychotherapist, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Ajax, ON L1S
As a psychotherapist with over 20 years of experience working with adolescents and their families and adults with major mental health challenges, I use a strength based, trauma informed, client centred and culturally sensitive approach. Some of the common mental health challenges that I have mostly worked with include generalized anxiety disorder, phobias, panic disorder, depression, suicidality, borderline personality disorder, trauma, eating disorders, school/ work related problems and relational challenges.
As a psychotherapist with over 20 years of experience working with adolescents and their families and adults with major mental health challenges, I use a strength based, trauma informed, client centred and culturally sensitive approach. Some of the common mental health challenges that I have mostly worked with include generalized anxiety disorder, phobias, panic disorder, depression, suicidality, borderline personality disorder, trauma, eating disorders, school/ work related problems and relational challenges.
(289) 768-9050 View (289) 768-9050
Photo of Mariyam Zaidi, Registered Social Worker in L1S, ON
Mariyam Zaidi
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Ajax, ON L1S
We all have relationships that affect us deeply every single day. The relationships that we hold are pieces in our lives that we navigate. The most important relationship we hold is that within ourselves. By navigating our individual sense of self, we also strengthen the relationship with have with others. I am here to guide you as you navigate your own unique culture, relationships, and feelings of stuck in your life.
We all have relationships that affect us deeply every single day. The relationships that we hold are pieces in our lives that we navigate. The most important relationship we hold is that within ourselves. By navigating our individual sense of self, we also strengthen the relationship with have with others. I am here to guide you as you navigate your own unique culture, relationships, and feelings of stuck in your life.
(647) 371-1839 View (647) 371-1839
Photo of Roxanne M. Francis - Francis Psychotherapy, Registered Social Worker in L1S, ON
Roxanne M. Francis - Francis Psychotherapy
Registered Social Worker, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
16 Endorsed
Ajax, ON L1S  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Please Note: I am not currently taking new clients, however, I have a team of highly skilled therapists that are taking new clients, with no wait list. Please visit my website for more information.
Please Note: I am not currently taking new clients, however, I have a team of highly skilled therapists that are taking new clients, with no wait list. Please visit my website for more information.
(647) 492-5105 View (647) 492-5105
Photo of Nick Dookheran, Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying) in L1S, ON
Nick Dookheran
Registered Psychotherapist (Qualifying), MDiv
Verified Verified
Ajax, ON L1S  (Online Only)
I help people who are stuck, uncertain, and hurting. I work with adults and teenagers, many of which are sent by other family members, and couples. The top 5 issues I see the most include: Relational strain, Stress and Anxiety, Grief, ADHD, and unwanted coping behaviours. Also offering 6-session pre-marital counseling guided by Prepare/Enrich.
I help people who are stuck, uncertain, and hurting. I work with adults and teenagers, many of which are sent by other family members, and couples. The top 5 issues I see the most include: Relational strain, Stress and Anxiety, Grief, ADHD, and unwanted coping behaviours. Also offering 6-session pre-marital counseling guided by Prepare/Enrich.
(289) 272-9510 View (289) 272-9510
Photo of Carl Legault, Registered Psychotherapist in L1S, ON
Carl Legault
Registered Psychotherapist, BA, MA, RP
Verified Verified
Ajax, ON L1S
Feeling stuck? Are things getting worse? If you’ve been struggling to live your best life, connect with the people you love, and be the best ‘you’ possible, I can help you to make real and lasting changes. My approach is simple: First, we get clear on who and what matters most to you. Next, we figure out what gets in the way of you moving towards who and what matters. Then we take a good look at the ways you’ve been dealing with these obstacles—and why many of them don’t seem to be working. Finally, we look for better ways to overcome these obstacles, and get you steadily moving in the direction of who and what matters.
Feeling stuck? Are things getting worse? If you’ve been struggling to live your best life, connect with the people you love, and be the best ‘you’ possible, I can help you to make real and lasting changes. My approach is simple: First, we get clear on who and what matters most to you. Next, we figure out what gets in the way of you moving towards who and what matters. Then we take a good look at the ways you’ve been dealing with these obstacles—and why many of them don’t seem to be working. Finally, we look for better ways to overcome these obstacles, and get you steadily moving in the direction of who and what matters.
(289) 206-7471 View (289) 206-7471
Photo of Amina Dualeh, Registered Social Worker in L1S, ON
Amina Dualeh
Registered Social Worker, MSW
Verified Verified
Ajax, ON L1S  (Online Only)
Hi! My name is Amina Dualeh. If you are a BIPOC individual looking for support in navigating your childhood trauma, relationship breakdowns, anxiety, grief, micro aggressions in the work space, and exhausted from dealing with ABR constantly I am here to help! I believe in going back to our traditional ways of knowing and healing and a big part of that is storytelling. I am so looking forward to being part of creating the space to share your whole stories and selves.
Hi! My name is Amina Dualeh. If you are a BIPOC individual looking for support in navigating your childhood trauma, relationship breakdowns, anxiety, grief, micro aggressions in the work space, and exhausted from dealing with ABR constantly I am here to help! I believe in going back to our traditional ways of knowing and healing and a big part of that is storytelling. I am so looking forward to being part of creating the space to share your whole stories and selves.
(289) 768-7202 View (289) 768-7202
Photo of Sarah Dobush, Registered Social Worker in L1S, ON
Sarah Dobush
Registered Social Worker, BA, BSW, MSW, RSW
Verified Verified
Ajax, ON L1S
Waitlist for new clients
Accepting New Clients! - Life isn’t easy, and it certainly has not been getting any easier. Sometimes we can make sense of, and cope with, what is happening to us. Other times we can benefit from seeking support. I am a firm believer that therapy can be a useful resource for anyone. I also understand that everyone's experience is unique. With that in mind, my goal is to individualized your sessions, so that you feel you’re getting exactly what you need to improve your mental health and get back to living life the way you want to.
Accepting New Clients! - Life isn’t easy, and it certainly has not been getting any easier. Sometimes we can make sense of, and cope with, what is happening to us. Other times we can benefit from seeking support. I am a firm believer that therapy can be a useful resource for anyone. I also understand that everyone's experience is unique. With that in mind, my goal is to individualized your sessions, so that you feel you’re getting exactly what you need to improve your mental health and get back to living life the way you want to.
(365) 655-0894 View (365) 655-0894

See more therapy options for L1S

Nearby Searches for L1S

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in L1S

100+

Average cost per session

$150

Counsellors in L1S who prioritize treating:

99% Anxiety
95% Depression
91% Self Esteem
86% Stress
84% Relationship Issues
83% Coping Skills
75% Grief

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

73% Green Shield Canada
57% SunLife
54% Manulife

How Counsellors in L1S see their clients

61% In Person and Online
39% Online Only

Gender breakdown

90% Female
10% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in L1S?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postal code, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postal code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Most Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are certified by one of the main professional associations, mainly the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association (CCPA), and will have a Certified Canadian Counsellor (CCC) designation with their name. Social Workers listed in the directory must be registered members of the college specific to their province. To be listed in the directory, Psychologists must be registered with the psychological college specific to their province or territory.

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given the considerable variation in professional regulation and prerequisites across Canadian provinces, some providers may possess significant professional qualifications without necessarily holding professional memberships or being obliged to acquire them. As a result, they may be selectively included without the "Verified" seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Psychologists, counsellors, psychotherapists and social workers can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and supervised, practical experience that enable them to do so in Canada.

Psychologists have a master's and/or doctoral degree and have passed both written and oral exams. Psychologists are able to complete mental health assessments and provide diagnostic information to clients as well as provide counselling therapy or psychotherapy. Counsellors and psychotherapists are expected to have a master's or doctoral degree in counselling psychology, social work, or a related mental health discipline and certification by a professional association, such as the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association. Registered Social Workers possess a Bachelor's or Master's degree in Social Work and where possible must be licensed or certified by the provincial government and/or regulatory college.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Canada could be between $100 and $200. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. Some types of outpatient mental health services are covered by Medicare, provided these are performed by a licensed mental health professional in the provinces or territory you reside in and who accepts the assignment.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postal code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Professionals licensed by regulatory colleges and those certified by associations such as the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association are obligated to uphold client confidentiality unless there is a legal reason that requires them to disclose information. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others, or a court order, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.