Therapists in Bethlehem, PA

Photo of Kenneth Fulton Resig, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Kenneth Fulton Resig
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Bethlehem, PA 18017  (Online Only)
Kenneth Fulton-Resig is a Licensed Professional Counselor and Licensed Behavioral Specialist in the state of Pennsylvania with over 10 years of experience working in the mental health field. He treats individuals from pre-teens to older adults, working with diverse individuals and backgrounds. Kenneth’s work history includes helping individuals in the LGBTQIA+ community as well as others with trauma, dissociation, anxiety, life transitions, depression, sexuality, alternative lifestyles, sexual dysfunction, and much more.
Kenneth Fulton-Resig is a Licensed Professional Counselor and Licensed Behavioral Specialist in the state of Pennsylvania with over 10 years of experience working in the mental health field. He treats individuals from pre-teens to older adults, working with diverse individuals and backgrounds. Kenneth’s work history includes helping individuals in the LGBTQIA+ community as well as others with trauma, dissociation, anxiety, life transitions, depression, sexuality, alternative lifestyles, sexual dysfunction, and much more.
(484) 759-9436 View (484) 759-9436
Photo of Sabrina R Ware - SRW Counseling & Consulting Plus, LLC, Sabrina, Ware, MA, Pre-Licensed Professional
SRW Counseling & Consulting Plus, LLC
Pre-Licensed Professional, Sabrina, Ware, MA
Verified Verified
Bethlehem, PA 18018
Are you struggling internally, with seeing your value? Do you spend more days crying and wondering why things never work out for you? Are you making decisions that you look back and regret? Are your friends and family supportive, but you feel like you don't want to burden them? Are your children experiencing challenging behaviors and you just don't know what to do? Well, look no further, I am here to walk along beside you as you gain the strength, build your confidence, attack the root cause of your thinking and eliminate the cognitive distortions.
Are you struggling internally, with seeing your value? Do you spend more days crying and wondering why things never work out for you? Are you making decisions that you look back and regret? Are your friends and family supportive, but you feel like you don't want to burden them? Are your children experiencing challenging behaviors and you just don't know what to do? Well, look no further, I am here to walk along beside you as you gain the strength, build your confidence, attack the root cause of your thinking and eliminate the cognitive distortions.
(610) 890-3898 View (610) 890-3898
Photo of Julie Lebouitz, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Julie Lebouitz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Bethlehem, PA 18018  (Online Only)
Struggling with addiction can feel lonely, and it takes courage to acknowledge the need for help and support. As a Licensed Clinical Social Worker since 1998 (California) and 2002 (Pennsylvania), I am passionate about providing therapy to adults whose lives have been impacted by substance use disorders and addictive behaviors.
Struggling with addiction can feel lonely, and it takes courage to acknowledge the need for help and support. As a Licensed Clinical Social Worker since 1998 (California) and 2002 (Pennsylvania), I am passionate about providing therapy to adults whose lives have been impacted by substance use disorders and addictive behaviors.
(484) 789-6694 View (484) 789-6694
Photo of Stan Theodoredis - Lehigh Valley Counselors and DOT-SAP, LPC, ICAADC , DOT-SAP, CCTP, CCAMP, Licensed Professional Counselor
Lehigh Valley Counselors and DOT-SAP
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, ICAADC , DOT-SAP, CCTP, CCAMP
Verified Verified
Bethlehem, PA 18017
Seeking mental health therapy for the first time can be daunting. Thanks to the media and cultural stigmas, many people are embarrassed or anxious to reach out for help. But asking for help isn’t a mark against someone’s character. Instead, it shows they’ve realized there’s an area in which they want to improve, and they know they’ll need some help to do so. It’s okay to ask for guidance along your self-improvement journey, and Lehigh Valley Counselors are here to help. Prioritizing your well-being is one of the best things you can do for yourself.
Seeking mental health therapy for the first time can be daunting. Thanks to the media and cultural stigmas, many people are embarrassed or anxious to reach out for help. But asking for help isn’t a mark against someone’s character. Instead, it shows they’ve realized there’s an area in which they want to improve, and they know they’ll need some help to do so. It’s okay to ask for guidance along your self-improvement journey, and Lehigh Valley Counselors are here to help. Prioritizing your well-being is one of the best things you can do for yourself.
(610) 596-4222 View (610) 596-4222
Photo of Joseph Kelly, LPC, MS, NCC, CiPP, CPPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Joseph Kelly
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MS, NCC, CiPP, CPPC
Verified Verified
Bethlehem, PA 18018
A State Licensed Professional Counselor with an advanced Masters degree in Counseling Psychology. I have engaged in years of work with individuals, couples, and families that provide me the skills, strengths, and clinical knowledge to work with my patients in the core areas of anxiety, depression, trauma, and relationship issues of communication and trust. We explore the areas that are most important to patients in helping them move from a place of conflict, confusion, and pain to realizing their potential for happiness and well-being. We can help you understand your current challenges, grow from them, and learn to enjoy your life and your relationships.
A State Licensed Professional Counselor with an advanced Masters degree in Counseling Psychology. I have engaged in years of work with individuals, couples, and families that provide me the skills, strengths, and clinical knowledge to work with my patients in the core areas of anxiety, depression, trauma, and relationship issues of communication and trust. We explore the areas that are most important to patients in helping them move from a place of conflict, confusion, and pain to realizing their potential for happiness and well-being. We can help you understand your current challenges, grow from them, and learn to enjoy your life and your relationships.
(484) 334-8490 View (484) 334-8490
Photo of Rachel Taylor, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Rachel Taylor
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Bethlehem, PA 18017  (Online Only)
Rachel Taylor is a Licensed Professional Counselor with 13 years of experience who has worked in both the field of addictions and the field of mental health. She treats everyone with respect and sensitivity, working to empower adolescents, adults, and couples to address challenges and live their best life. Rachel specializes in stress, anxiety, depression, addictions, trauma, relationships and communication, and self-esteem and motivation.
Rachel Taylor is a Licensed Professional Counselor with 13 years of experience who has worked in both the field of addictions and the field of mental health. She treats everyone with respect and sensitivity, working to empower adolescents, adults, and couples to address challenges and live their best life. Rachel specializes in stress, anxiety, depression, addictions, trauma, relationships and communication, and self-esteem and motivation.
(484) 310-8449 View (484) 310-8449
Photo of Quira Santos, MA, Pre-Licensed Professional
Quira Santos
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
Bethlehem, PA 18020
I believe that everyone deserves to experience love and happiness, starting from within. My goal is not to help clients conform to societal norms but to help them love themselves as they are and achieve true self-acceptance and radical self-love. I firmly believe that everyone is deserving of compassion and support, and that everyone deserves a space to be heard and seen. Clients can expect to be warmly welcomed as they are. I strive to understand what is troubling you and work collaboratively to create a plan of action.
I believe that everyone deserves to experience love and happiness, starting from within. My goal is not to help clients conform to societal norms but to help them love themselves as they are and achieve true self-acceptance and radical self-love. I firmly believe that everyone is deserving of compassion and support, and that everyone deserves a space to be heard and seen. Clients can expect to be warmly welcomed as they are. I strive to understand what is troubling you and work collaboratively to create a plan of action.
(484) 789-6872 View (484) 789-6872
Photo of Valerie Lynn Lees, LCSW, CCATP, CCTP , Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Valerie Lynn Lees
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CCATP, CCTP
Verified Verified
Bethlehem, PA 18017  (Online Only)
Hello and welcome ! My name is Valerie and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Pennsylvania and Virginia. My passion is helping individuals and couples heal from mental health issues such as anxiety, depression, low self -worth, trauma, relationship difficulties, and more.
Hello and welcome ! My name is Valerie and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Pennsylvania and Virginia. My passion is helping individuals and couples heal from mental health issues such as anxiety, depression, low self -worth, trauma, relationship difficulties, and more.
(484) 739-1639 View (484) 739-1639
Photo of Coleen Dixon, LMFT, EMDR- C, Marriage & Family Therapist
Coleen Dixon
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, EMDR- C
Verified Verified
Bethlehem, PA 18015
I practice EMDR as a complete therapy. What does this mean for you? Through the process of therapy your brain and nervous system can get out of the feedback loop it’s been stuck in from relational patterns, traumas, and roadblocks and you can form the responses that you desire! As a therapist, I’m goal directed, intentional, creative, and warm. Outside of the therapy room—I’m wife, and mom to three tiny humans. I enjoy time with family and friends, working out, DIY projects, and time in my church community. I’ve been a therapist for over 7 years and love walking with clients through the journey of therapy.
I practice EMDR as a complete therapy. What does this mean for you? Through the process of therapy your brain and nervous system can get out of the feedback loop it’s been stuck in from relational patterns, traumas, and roadblocks and you can form the responses that you desire! As a therapist, I’m goal directed, intentional, creative, and warm. Outside of the therapy room—I’m wife, and mom to three tiny humans. I enjoy time with family and friends, working out, DIY projects, and time in my church community. I’ve been a therapist for over 7 years and love walking with clients through the journey of therapy.
(484) 310-7167 View (484) 310-7167
Photo of Kara A. Diefenderfer, MS, LPC, CAADC, CCTP, C-DBT, Licensed Professional Counselor
Kara A. Diefenderfer
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, CAADC, CCTP, C-DBT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bethlehem, PA 18020  (Online Only)
So many of us struggle in life, but the worst part is, we struggle in silence. I’m here to listen to whatever part of your story you want to share, whether it’s your past, your present or everything in between. I hope through listening I can help guide you to what you already know within yourself, but might not be able to see right now. Wherever you are in your journey in life, I’d like to help you through the journey.
So many of us struggle in life, but the worst part is, we struggle in silence. I’m here to listen to whatever part of your story you want to share, whether it’s your past, your present or everything in between. I hope through listening I can help guide you to what you already know within yourself, but might not be able to see right now. Wherever you are in your journey in life, I’d like to help you through the journey.
(484) 241-4178 View (484) 241-4178
Photo of Mengyuan Wang, Pre-Licensed Professional
Mengyuan Wang
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
Bethlehem, PA 18017
Mengyuan Wang is a Resident Clinician who has 2 years of experience interning and working in the mental health field. She is experienced in cultivating self-compassion and increasing psychological flexibility in her clients. Mengyuan specializes in anxiety, depression, trauma, self-esteem issues, anger issues, and major life transitions.
Mengyuan Wang is a Resident Clinician who has 2 years of experience interning and working in the mental health field. She is experienced in cultivating self-compassion and increasing psychological flexibility in her clients. Mengyuan specializes in anxiety, depression, trauma, self-esteem issues, anger issues, and major life transitions.
(484) 559-8088 View (484) 559-8088
Photo of Nikida Capasso, MSW, LCSW, CTSP, CCTP, CMBST, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Nikida Capasso
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, CTSP, CCTP, CMBST
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Bethlehem, PA 18018
I have experience with various clients from diverse backgrounds across a multitude of different settings. I have experience within child welfare, hospital, community mental health, and school settings. I primarily work with children/adolescents, adults, and families. I have a client-centered, solution focused approach to my practice. I assist clients to make positive life changes in order to keep moving forward towards life goals.
I have experience with various clients from diverse backgrounds across a multitude of different settings. I have experience within child welfare, hospital, community mental health, and school settings. I primarily work with children/adolescents, adults, and families. I have a client-centered, solution focused approach to my practice. I assist clients to make positive life changes in order to keep moving forward towards life goals.
(484) 946-3997 View (484) 946-3997
Photo of Alexandra Becker Ostrow, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Alexandra Becker Ostrow
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Bethlehem, PA 18018
I’m a firm believer that we are all carriers of deep, complex life stories. These stories build and shape our inner worlds and can be both elevating and/or burdensome to us. They build our reality and how we place ourselves within it. As a licensed clinical social worker, my work focuses on helping my clients interact with their stories, organize their habits, and shape the mental patterns that they are functioning within. NOTE: All insurance based clients are through Grow Therapy Organization. Please reach out with any questions and for set up.
I’m a firm believer that we are all carriers of deep, complex life stories. These stories build and shape our inner worlds and can be both elevating and/or burdensome to us. They build our reality and how we place ourselves within it. As a licensed clinical social worker, my work focuses on helping my clients interact with their stories, organize their habits, and shape the mental patterns that they are functioning within. NOTE: All insurance based clients are through Grow Therapy Organization. Please reach out with any questions and for set up.
(484) 669-8089 View (484) 669-8089
Photo of Julie Colter, MSS, LSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Julie Colter
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSS, LSW
Verified Verified
Bethlehem, PA 18018
Hi, and welcome! Whether you are reaching out to find support in dealing with stress, anxiety, life transitions, or difficult relationships, I am here to help! I can offer a supportive & non-judgmental space for us to explore the current presenting issues, and work through the root cause of more complex issues. Much of my work is defined by assisting clients in experiencing positive change in their lives, in whatever form that may look like. My goal in working with you is to assist in your healing journey, and provide the resources and tools needed to be your authentic self, and foster change.
Hi, and welcome! Whether you are reaching out to find support in dealing with stress, anxiety, life transitions, or difficult relationships, I am here to help! I can offer a supportive & non-judgmental space for us to explore the current presenting issues, and work through the root cause of more complex issues. Much of my work is defined by assisting clients in experiencing positive change in their lives, in whatever form that may look like. My goal in working with you is to assist in your healing journey, and provide the resources and tools needed to be your authentic self, and foster change.
(484) 673-6622 View (484) 673-6622
Photo of Kelly Ohanlon, Pre-Licensed Professional
Kelly Ohanlon
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
Bethlehem, PA 18017  (Online Only)
Kelly O'Hanlon is a Resident in Counseling (RIC) with years of experience working with adolescants and adults to address issues related to anxiety, depression, anger, behavioral issues, family conflict, gender identity, transgender concerns, life transitions, mental stress, relationships, low self-esteem, stress, trauma, and PTSD.
Kelly O'Hanlon is a Resident in Counseling (RIC) with years of experience working with adolescants and adults to address issues related to anxiety, depression, anger, behavioral issues, family conflict, gender identity, transgender concerns, life transitions, mental stress, relationships, low self-esteem, stress, trauma, and PTSD.
(484) 331-2847 View (484) 331-2847
Photo of Rana Dimmig - A New Dawn Psychotherapy Associates, MSS , MLSP, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
A New Dawn Psychotherapy Associates
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSS , MLSP, LCSW
Verified Verified
Bethlehem, PA 18018
Rana has extensive experience working with adults, couples, children and their families in a variety of clinical settings. She has pursued additional certification and training in trauma, mediation, family issues, and attachment. She performs immigration evaluations and assessments for families seeking fertility assistance. Rana works with clients that struggle with depression, anxiety, grief/loss, life changes, employment issues, interpersonal and relationship problems as well as trauma. She uses cognitive behavioral, narrative, and psychodynamic techniques to help people meet their individual goals for therapy.
Rana has extensive experience working with adults, couples, children and their families in a variety of clinical settings. She has pursued additional certification and training in trauma, mediation, family issues, and attachment. She performs immigration evaluations and assessments for families seeking fertility assistance. Rana works with clients that struggle with depression, anxiety, grief/loss, life changes, employment issues, interpersonal and relationship problems as well as trauma. She uses cognitive behavioral, narrative, and psychodynamic techniques to help people meet their individual goals for therapy.
(484) 469-9161 View (484) 469-9161
Photo of Laura N (Gross) Danner, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Laura N (Gross) Danner
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Bethlehem, PA 18017
I feel that all clients have a choice in their treatment and should have access to an array of techniques to address their needs. I also think is is important that clients find a therapist that is a good "fit" for them. I primarily use Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Mindfulness, Solution-Focused, and Strength-Based techniques in my work. I also believe in the importance of taking care of your physical health in conjunction with mental health. I help to identify triggers to symptoms as well as creating healthier coping strategies and boundaries.
I feel that all clients have a choice in their treatment and should have access to an array of techniques to address their needs. I also think is is important that clients find a therapist that is a good "fit" for them. I primarily use Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Mindfulness, Solution-Focused, and Strength-Based techniques in my work. I also believe in the importance of taking care of your physical health in conjunction with mental health. I help to identify triggers to symptoms as well as creating healthier coping strategies and boundaries.
(484) 652-8670 View (484) 652-8670
Photo of Jessie Lynn Birckhead, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jessie Lynn Birckhead
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bethlehem, PA 18017
“Why Now”? and “What has happened”? are the ways my first session begins with a new patient. This patient is ready to begin their story. A favorite story I often reference in my work, filled with metaphors and twists and turns, is The Wizard of Oz. At the end of the story Dorothy discovers that she has always had the power to return home to Kansas. However, the power was hidden from her and she did not know how to access or utilize it. I am not the helpful Glinda, but I do collaboratively assist my patients to define and achieve their goals by optimizing their hidden strengths and skills.
“Why Now”? and “What has happened”? are the ways my first session begins with a new patient. This patient is ready to begin their story. A favorite story I often reference in my work, filled with metaphors and twists and turns, is The Wizard of Oz. At the end of the story Dorothy discovers that she has always had the power to return home to Kansas. However, the power was hidden from her and she did not know how to access or utilize it. I am not the helpful Glinda, but I do collaboratively assist my patients to define and achieve their goals by optimizing their hidden strengths and skills.
(833) 531-0253 View (833) 531-0253
Photo of Sara Diehl Barr - Livengrin Foundation, Pre-Licensed Professional
Livengrin Foundation
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bethlehem, PA 18017
Congratulations on making the decision to search for a treatment facility. It is my belief that despite increasing awareness into the field of psychology and counseling, there still exists a pervasive stigma that can keep us from seeking the help we need. Making the decision to get into treatment can be very challenging but also very rewarding and at Livengrin we are dedicated to doing whatever we can for each client to make this transition as comfortable as possible. It is our goal to meet the individual needs of each client as we all have different concerns, strengths, and experiences.
Congratulations on making the decision to search for a treatment facility. It is my belief that despite increasing awareness into the field of psychology and counseling, there still exists a pervasive stigma that can keep us from seeking the help we need. Making the decision to get into treatment can be very challenging but also very rewarding and at Livengrin we are dedicated to doing whatever we can for each client to make this transition as comfortable as possible. It is our goal to meet the individual needs of each client as we all have different concerns, strengths, and experiences.
(610) 624-8866 View (610) 624-8866
Photo of Hannah Rees Wildasin, PhD, LPC , LCPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Hannah Rees Wildasin
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC , LCPC
Verified Verified
Bethlehem, PA 18017
As a former Division 1 student-athlete, Dr. Hannah Wildasin understands the mental health side of sports. She addresses athletes’ overall mental health, with an emphasis on performance. She also works with ministry and business leaders. She believes people grow in the context of relationships in which they feel safe and unconditionally accepted, and she considers it a privilege to walk alongside clients as they heal, grow, and achieve their goals. She is a licensed professional counselor in both Pennsylvania and Maryland. She is also an assistant professor of counseling.
As a former Division 1 student-athlete, Dr. Hannah Wildasin understands the mental health side of sports. She addresses athletes’ overall mental health, with an emphasis on performance. She also works with ministry and business leaders. She believes people grow in the context of relationships in which they feel safe and unconditionally accepted, and she considers it a privilege to walk alongside clients as they heal, grow, and achieve their goals. She is a licensed professional counselor in both Pennsylvania and Maryland. She is also an assistant professor of counseling.
(484) 642-8167 View (484) 642-8167
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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Bethlehem, PA

300+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in Bethlehem, PA who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
89% Depression
73% Self Esteem
72% Relationship Issues
71% Trauma and PTSD
70% Coping Skills
67% Stress

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

81% Highmark
75% Aetna
67% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in Bethlehem, PA see their clients

74% In Person and Online
26% Online Only

Gender breakdown

83% Female
16% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Bethlehem?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.