Therapists in Whitehall, PA

Photo of Tanya R Waters, Psychologist in Whitehall, PA
Tanya R Waters
Psychologist, PsyD, NCSP
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Whitehall, PA 18052
Children are a precious aspect of many people's lives. Despite having loving, caring families, even children need a trusting, caring adult with whom they can share their thoughts, feelings, and emotions. My career pursuit and passion in life has always been to help others, particularly children. As a therapist, my role is to assist children and their families in using their inner resources and strengths to help them understand their full potentials. By understanding how thoughts, feelings, and actions are interrelated and by building their coping skills, children can improve their relationships with others, behaviors at home and at school, and overall resilience.
Children are a precious aspect of many people's lives. Despite having loving, caring families, even children need a trusting, caring adult with whom they can share their thoughts, feelings, and emotions. My career pursuit and passion in life has always been to help others, particularly children. As a therapist, my role is to assist children and their families in using their inner resources and strengths to help them understand their full potentials. By understanding how thoughts, feelings, and actions are interrelated and by building their coping skills, children can improve their relationships with others, behaviors at home and at school, and overall resilience.
(484) 517-4544 View (484) 517-4544
Photo of Sarah Moussa, Pre-Licensed Professional in Whitehall, PA
Sarah Moussa
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
Whitehall, PA 18052
I am a Pre-Licensed Masters Level Counselor and work with an amazing team at Restore Therapy Center. I am experienced in mindfulness-based, cognitive behavioral therapy, and spiritually integrative practices in counseling. I enjoy working with adolescents, college-age, and adults, and have experience in school based and community mental health organizations.
I am a Pre-Licensed Masters Level Counselor and work with an amazing team at Restore Therapy Center. I am experienced in mindfulness-based, cognitive behavioral therapy, and spiritually integrative practices in counseling. I enjoy working with adolescents, college-age, and adults, and have experience in school based and community mental health organizations.
(484) 749-0696 View (484) 749-0696
Photo of Henry Gursky LLC, Psychologist in Whitehall, PA
Henry Gursky LLC
Psychologist, BA, MEd, DA
Verified Verified
Whitehall, PA 18052
Not accepting new clients
I am a licensed psychologist and certified school psychologist in Pennsylvania with over 30 years of experience working with teens and adults ages 14 to 65 who are managing anxiety, mood difficulties and changes in relationships. I am dedicated to supporting my clients with positive regard using CBT, Mindfulness, and ACT. I am existential and I believe in the ability of everyone who comes to me to create the life they would like to lead. I help to engage the self healing potential in all clients. I am highly supportive of individuals who have suffered traumas, and have relationship problems.
I am a licensed psychologist and certified school psychologist in Pennsylvania with over 30 years of experience working with teens and adults ages 14 to 65 who are managing anxiety, mood difficulties and changes in relationships. I am dedicated to supporting my clients with positive regard using CBT, Mindfulness, and ACT. I am existential and I believe in the ability of everyone who comes to me to create the life they would like to lead. I help to engage the self healing potential in all clients. I am highly supportive of individuals who have suffered traumas, and have relationship problems.
(610) 510-4393 View (610) 510-4393
Photo of Dr. Jeffrey Knauss, Psychologist in Whitehall, PA
Dr. Jeffrey Knauss
Psychologist, EdD, ABPP
Verified Verified
Whitehall, PA 18052
I am in full time private practice. I enjoy seeing children, adolescents and adults. Treatment is collaborative and interactive and designed to meet the needs of my clients. Treatment focuses on individual issues and as appropriate relationships in the family, school and work place.
I am in full time private practice. I enjoy seeing children, adolescents and adults. Treatment is collaborative and interactive and designed to meet the needs of my clients. Treatment focuses on individual issues and as appropriate relationships in the family, school and work place.
(484) 257-9574 View (484) 257-9574
Photo of Sara Kahler, Licensed Professional Counselor in Whitehall, PA
Sara Kahler
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC, BSL
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Whitehall, PA 18052
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor and Licensed Behavior Specialist. I have worked with children ages 2-18, on the Autism Spectrum for the past 10 years. I am an expert in working with children who have multiple diagnoses including Oppositional Defiant Disorder and ADHD. I have worked with individuals with a wide range of functioning levels, including children who are completely non verbal to those who possess an extensive vocabulary. I use Applied Behavior Analysis and verbal behavior principles. I also help families to communicate with school officials and also, as an advocate in attendance at Individualized Education Plan meetings.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor and Licensed Behavior Specialist. I have worked with children ages 2-18, on the Autism Spectrum for the past 10 years. I am an expert in working with children who have multiple diagnoses including Oppositional Defiant Disorder and ADHD. I have worked with individuals with a wide range of functioning levels, including children who are completely non verbal to those who possess an extensive vocabulary. I use Applied Behavior Analysis and verbal behavior principles. I also help families to communicate with school officials and also, as an advocate in attendance at Individualized Education Plan meetings.
(610) 850-9219 View (610) 850-9219
Photo of William Schneller, Psychologist in Whitehall, PA
William Schneller
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Whitehall, PA 18052
Not accepting new clients
You want to feel better. You want someone you can trust, who is experienced and well-qualified, to help you. Don't let your anxiety, depression or past experiences have control of your life. We can work together to change that. Unsure of your life path or in a transition, we can find the direction that fits you best. Our supportive relationship, new treatment approaches and brain-based therapies can help you feel better.
You want to feel better. You want someone you can trust, who is experienced and well-qualified, to help you. Don't let your anxiety, depression or past experiences have control of your life. We can work together to change that. Unsure of your life path or in a transition, we can find the direction that fits you best. Our supportive relationship, new treatment approaches and brain-based therapies can help you feel better.
(610) 467-9824 View (610) 467-9824
Photo of Kimberly Fredericks, Licensed Professional Counselor in Whitehall, PA
Kimberly Fredericks
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Whitehall, PA 18052
Waitlist for new clients
We all need someone to talk to at different times in our lives, especially when it is difficult for our closest loved ones to give unbiased feedback. As a counselor, I join with individuals, couples and families to help them utilize their inner and collective strengths to face their difficulties. By building skills and strategies to address their struggles, people can transcend their past suffering, cope with present difficulties and move forward in life. I create space for connection and healing by offering a private, supportive, and safe place to allow people to bring forth their authentic selves.
We all need someone to talk to at different times in our lives, especially when it is difficult for our closest loved ones to give unbiased feedback. As a counselor, I join with individuals, couples and families to help them utilize their inner and collective strengths to face their difficulties. By building skills and strategies to address their struggles, people can transcend their past suffering, cope with present difficulties and move forward in life. I create space for connection and healing by offering a private, supportive, and safe place to allow people to bring forth their authentic selves.
(484) 309-4724 View (484) 309-4724
Photo of Charise Edwards, Licensed Professional Counselor in Whitehall, PA
Charise Edwards
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Whitehall, PA 18052
I’m a former scientist who became a therapist. My background in science makes me look at things from a different vantage point. With that said, I collaborate with clients to uncover and discover their unique paths to wellness. I have the ability to communicate empathy and understanding to clients. I enjoy using humor in therapy and I am flexible and willing to tailor the treatment to each individual's needs.
I’m a former scientist who became a therapist. My background in science makes me look at things from a different vantage point. With that said, I collaborate with clients to uncover and discover their unique paths to wellness. I have the ability to communicate empathy and understanding to clients. I enjoy using humor in therapy and I am flexible and willing to tailor the treatment to each individual's needs.
(484) 857-1087 View (484) 857-1087
Photo of Tara A Smith, Licensed Professional Counselor in Whitehall, PA
Tara A Smith
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, CAADC
Verified Verified
Whitehall, PA 18052
I feel that the bravest thing anyone can do is begin to understand their own story and as your therapist, I’m here to help. Let’s celebrate taking that first step in sorting out and making sense of your thoughts and feelings together. Sometimes our perception of therapy is stuffy, one-sided or that we cannot be our true selves during a session. I can assure you that’s not how our time together will be spent. You have my promise to feel heard, able to engage freely, be genuine, and feel relaxed in a nonjudgmental safe space to help you feel empowered enough to cope with whatever life throws you.
I feel that the bravest thing anyone can do is begin to understand their own story and as your therapist, I’m here to help. Let’s celebrate taking that first step in sorting out and making sense of your thoughts and feelings together. Sometimes our perception of therapy is stuffy, one-sided or that we cannot be our true selves during a session. I can assure you that’s not how our time together will be spent. You have my promise to feel heard, able to engage freely, be genuine, and feel relaxed in a nonjudgmental safe space to help you feel empowered enough to cope with whatever life throws you.
(484) 430-3149 View (484) 430-3149
Photo of Marianne Bartos, Licensed Professional Counselor in Whitehall, PA
Marianne Bartos
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Whitehall, PA 18052  (Online Only)
Marianne Bartos is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) in the state of Pennsylvania who has over 15 years of experience providing therapeutic care to adult clients who are seeking help with depression, anxiety, trauma, difficult life transitions, and many other areas of difficulty. Marianne establishes a warm and caring relationship with each person in order to assist in building on their strengths and work with them to meet their goals.
Marianne Bartos is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) in the state of Pennsylvania who has over 15 years of experience providing therapeutic care to adult clients who are seeking help with depression, anxiety, trauma, difficult life transitions, and many other areas of difficulty. Marianne establishes a warm and caring relationship with each person in order to assist in building on their strengths and work with them to meet their goals.
(610) 268-9567 View (610) 268-9567
Photo of Sonya Hamilton-Padilla, Pre-Licensed Professional in Whitehall, PA
Sonya Hamilton-Padilla
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS, CMRFTC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Whitehall, PA 18052
I have over 17-years of expertise as a therapist working in capacities such as a Family-Based Therapist, Outpatient Therapist, and a Certified Marriage, Relationship & Family Trauma Coach. I am a warm, seasoned, and a compassionate healer. When we experience trauma and everyday life struggles, we find ourselves feeling overwhelmed; these things cause our lives to spiral. No one approach is the right fit for everyone and I utilize a range of therapy modalities. I also provide Christian Counseling by request. I provide therapeutic coaching to clients who live outside the state of PA and to expats who are currently living abroad.
I have over 17-years of expertise as a therapist working in capacities such as a Family-Based Therapist, Outpatient Therapist, and a Certified Marriage, Relationship & Family Trauma Coach. I am a warm, seasoned, and a compassionate healer. When we experience trauma and everyday life struggles, we find ourselves feeling overwhelmed; these things cause our lives to spiral. No one approach is the right fit for everyone and I utilize a range of therapy modalities. I also provide Christian Counseling by request. I provide therapeutic coaching to clients who live outside the state of PA and to expats who are currently living abroad.
(610) 859-4638 View (610) 859-4638
Photo of Lindsey Sauder, Licensed Professional Counselor in Whitehall, PA
Lindsey Sauder
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Whitehall, PA 18052  (Online Only)
Lindsey Sauder is a Licensed Professional Counselor who has training and experience in working with individuals, couples, and families. While Lindsey is open to and passionate about working with all clients, Lindsey also specifically values working with those who identify as part of the LGBTQ+ community. Lindsey specializes in working with clients who are experiencing anxiety, depression, relationship problems, grief/loss, life transitions, trauma, and much more. Lindsey graduated from Messiah University in 2018 with a Master of Arts (MA) in Counseling, with a specialization in Marriage, Couples, and Family Counseling.
Lindsey Sauder is a Licensed Professional Counselor who has training and experience in working with individuals, couples, and families. While Lindsey is open to and passionate about working with all clients, Lindsey also specifically values working with those who identify as part of the LGBTQ+ community. Lindsey specializes in working with clients who are experiencing anxiety, depression, relationship problems, grief/loss, life transitions, trauma, and much more. Lindsey graduated from Messiah University in 2018 with a Master of Arts (MA) in Counseling, with a specialization in Marriage, Couples, and Family Counseling.
(610) 665-3091 View (610) 665-3091
Photo of Dawn Seeburger, Licensed Professional Counselor in Whitehall, PA
Dawn Seeburger
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Whitehall, PA 18052
Dawn Seeburger is a Licensed Professional Counselor specializing in working with children and their families. She has over 10 years of experience in the mental health field in many environments, including psychiatric hospitals and schools. She has worked with clients who are struggling with symptoms of ADHD, anxiety, depression, PTSD, parenting issues, peer conflicts, trauma, and more. Dawn completed her MS in School Counseling with licensure at Kutztown University.
Dawn Seeburger is a Licensed Professional Counselor specializing in working with children and their families. She has over 10 years of experience in the mental health field in many environments, including psychiatric hospitals and schools. She has worked with clients who are struggling with symptoms of ADHD, anxiety, depression, PTSD, parenting issues, peer conflicts, trauma, and more. Dawn completed her MS in School Counseling with licensure at Kutztown University.
(610) 439-9549 View (610) 439-9549
Photo of Mikayla Springer, Licensed Professional Counselor in Whitehall, PA
Mikayla Springer
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Whitehall, PA 18052
MiKayla Springer is a Licensed Professional Counselor with interest areas in trauma, anxiety/depression, & self-image. Over the past 5 years, she has gained experience working with different populations and ages. She enjoys working with adolescents, teenagers, young adults, and adults. Her passion is to make others feel safe, seen, and heard. MiKayla will help you navigate through the challenges of life and collaborate with you to help you understand and manage your emotions, uncover how your past impacts your present, and develop effective coping skills. She completed her Masters in Counseling at Cairn University in Langhorne, PA.
MiKayla Springer is a Licensed Professional Counselor with interest areas in trauma, anxiety/depression, & self-image. Over the past 5 years, she has gained experience working with different populations and ages. She enjoys working with adolescents, teenagers, young adults, and adults. Her passion is to make others feel safe, seen, and heard. MiKayla will help you navigate through the challenges of life and collaborate with you to help you understand and manage your emotions, uncover how your past impacts your present, and develop effective coping skills. She completed her Masters in Counseling at Cairn University in Langhorne, PA.
(610) 439-9918 View (610) 439-9918
Photo of Lilly Snyder, Licensed Professional Counselor in Whitehall, PA
Lilly Snyder
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Whitehall, PA 18052
Sometimes, life gets a bit overwhelming and we lose sight of our path. Occasionally, our path becomes clouded with anxiety, depression, stress, life transitions, eating disorders, trauma, etc. While walking our path through life, therapy can provide a nonjudgmental space to vent, problem-solve, and seek coping tools. I would like to be that person for you. We will work together to set attainable goals and learn coping skills to help us on our journey through life.
Sometimes, life gets a bit overwhelming and we lose sight of our path. Occasionally, our path becomes clouded with anxiety, depression, stress, life transitions, eating disorders, trauma, etc. While walking our path through life, therapy can provide a nonjudgmental space to vent, problem-solve, and seek coping tools. I would like to be that person for you. We will work together to set attainable goals and learn coping skills to help us on our journey through life.
(610) 590-8299 View (610) 590-8299
Photo of Nicole Dunn, Licensed Professional Counselor in Whitehall, PA
Nicole Dunn
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Whitehall, PA 18052  (Online Only)
Within the last 12 years, Nicole Dunn, MA, LPC, NCC provided support in the field of counseling to nurture and empower the potential for beneficial progress, enriching life, both individually and within relationships. Nicole is motivated in her efforts towards using skill-building approaches, as well as passionate about using a systemic focus, providing understanding of people both individually, as well as within their relationships with others, and within other systems and communities, helping others towards positive growth and adjustment, mentally, emotionally, behaviorally, and physically.
Within the last 12 years, Nicole Dunn, MA, LPC, NCC provided support in the field of counseling to nurture and empower the potential for beneficial progress, enriching life, both individually and within relationships. Nicole is motivated in her efforts towards using skill-building approaches, as well as passionate about using a systemic focus, providing understanding of people both individually, as well as within their relationships with others, and within other systems and communities, helping others towards positive growth and adjustment, mentally, emotionally, behaviorally, and physically.
(610) 646-5351 View (610) 646-5351
Photo of Jolene Batarick, Licensed Professional Counselor in Whitehall, PA
Jolene Batarick
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Whitehall, PA 18052
I specialize in treating eating disorders, trauma and ptsd, grief and loss, chronic pain and substance use issues. I am certified in intuitive therapy for eating disorders and am a certified trauma therapist. I strive to create a safe and nurturing atmosphere in which individuals can express themselves. I believe that compassion, empathy and patience are needed with all patients. I draw on mindfulness, DBT and CBT techniques. I also incorporate play, art and music therapy when appropriate. Each treatment is tailored to each client, so I focus on getting to know you and how you want to live your life, and what is stopping you.
I specialize in treating eating disorders, trauma and ptsd, grief and loss, chronic pain and substance use issues. I am certified in intuitive therapy for eating disorders and am a certified trauma therapist. I strive to create a safe and nurturing atmosphere in which individuals can express themselves. I believe that compassion, empathy and patience are needed with all patients. I draw on mindfulness, DBT and CBT techniques. I also incorporate play, art and music therapy when appropriate. Each treatment is tailored to each client, so I focus on getting to know you and how you want to live your life, and what is stopping you.
(484) 209-9748 View (484) 209-9748
Photo of Allison Schubert, Pre-Licensed Professional in Whitehall, PA
Allison Schubert
Pre-Licensed Professional, ATR-BC
Verified Verified
Whitehall, PA 18052  (Online Only)
When you feel the glass is half empty, you need a space to be yourself, to share your perspective, practice wading through the discomfort, and leave in a way that allows you to continue what you want to give your attention to. I’m here in hopes that I can provide you with a space where you feel like a partner in the therapeutic relationship and not just a number on a chart. I believe that therapy works best when your therapist meets you where you are and listens to what you need. You are your own expert. If you don’t feel that way now, let’s try to get you there.
When you feel the glass is half empty, you need a space to be yourself, to share your perspective, practice wading through the discomfort, and leave in a way that allows you to continue what you want to give your attention to. I’m here in hopes that I can provide you with a space where you feel like a partner in the therapeutic relationship and not just a number on a chart. I believe that therapy works best when your therapist meets you where you are and listens to what you need. You are your own expert. If you don’t feel that way now, let’s try to get you there.
(484) 729-9192 View (484) 729-9192
Photo of Clinical Counseling Services, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Whitehall, PA
Clinical Counseling Services
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CAADC
Verified Verified
Whitehall, PA 18052  (Online Only)
At Clinical Counseling Services we are dedicated to providing individuals with the support and guidance they need to navigate life's challenges and achieve personal growth. We understand that mental health is a crucial aspect of overall well-being, and we are committed to offering high-quality therapeutic interventions. At our practice, we prioritize building strong and trusting relationships with our clients. We recognize that each person's journey is unique, and we tailor our approach to meet their specific needs.
At Clinical Counseling Services we are dedicated to providing individuals with the support and guidance they need to navigate life's challenges and achieve personal growth. We understand that mental health is a crucial aspect of overall well-being, and we are committed to offering high-quality therapeutic interventions. At our practice, we prioritize building strong and trusting relationships with our clients. We recognize that each person's journey is unique, and we tailor our approach to meet their specific needs.
(610) 632-7363 View (610) 632-7363
Photo of Jamie Roda, Licensed Professional Counselor in Whitehall, PA
Jamie Roda
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Whitehall, PA 18052  (Online Only)
Jamie is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) who works best with individuals willing to consider "out of the box" options for lifestyle changes. She prefers to use holistic approaches and enjoy working with those who are willing to try new things. She excited to work with people who want to improve their lives and are willing to try new approaches that address many issues rather than just their presenting concerns.
Jamie is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) who works best with individuals willing to consider "out of the box" options for lifestyle changes. She prefers to use holistic approaches and enjoy working with those who are willing to try new things. She excited to work with people who want to improve their lives and are willing to try new approaches that address many issues rather than just their presenting concerns.
(610) 816-6359 View (610) 816-6359

See more therapy options for Whitehall

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Whitehall, PA

20+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in Whitehall, PA who prioritize treating:

97% Anxiety
86% Depression
72% Self Esteem
66% Trauma and PTSD
62% Relationship Issues
62% Coping Skills
59% Stress

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

92% Highmark
88% BlueCross and BlueShield
73% Aetna

How Therapists in Whitehall, PA see their clients

69% In Person and Online
31% Online Only

Gender breakdown

76% Female
24% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Whitehall?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.