Therapists in San Diego, CA

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Photo of undefined - Lanelle Teran @ Grow Through Life Counseling , ASW
Lanelle Teran @ Grow Through Life Counseling
Associate Clinical Social Worker, ASW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Diego, CA 92131
Welcome! I have experience with a wide range of concerns including: stress, anxiety, depression, trauma, self-harming behaviors and other mood disorders. My approach is grounded in a social justice and trauma-informed lens, strength-based, person-centered, and fosters a non-judgmental, affirming environment. My experience includes more than 6 years within community based and outpatient settings working with youth, adults and families.
Welcome! I have experience with a wide range of concerns including: stress, anxiety, depression, trauma, self-harming behaviors and other mood disorders. My approach is grounded in a social justice and trauma-informed lens, strength-based, person-centered, and fosters a non-judgmental, affirming environment. My experience includes more than 6 years within community based and outpatient settings working with youth, adults and families.
(619) 549-0329 View (619) 549-0329
Photo of Dora Gilbert, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Dora Gilbert
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Diego, CA 92120
Dr. Gilbert incorporates her cultural experience, educator knowledge, and interest in families and children into her therapeutic work. As a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist she focuses on treating families, adults, adolescents and children through a family-systems approach. She works with individuals and/or families to overcome lifetime challenges and provide assistance to create a meaningful balanced life.
Dr. Gilbert incorporates her cultural experience, educator knowledge, and interest in families and children into her therapeutic work. As a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist she focuses on treating families, adults, adolescents and children through a family-systems approach. She works with individuals and/or families to overcome lifetime challenges and provide assistance to create a meaningful balanced life.
(858) 786-0380 View (858) 786-0380
Photo of Kaitlin Kezer, MA, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Kaitlin Kezer
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
San Diego, CA 92117  (Online Only)
Life can throw some tough stuff our way, right? Whether you're battling anxious thoughts or a low mood, struggling to find connection in your relationships, or just feeling lost in the whirlwind of change, life can be really challenging when you are not feeling your best. But guess what? You're not alone in this.
Life can throw some tough stuff our way, right? Whether you're battling anxious thoughts or a low mood, struggling to find connection in your relationships, or just feeling lost in the whirlwind of change, life can be really challenging when you are not feeling your best. But guess what? You're not alone in this.
(619) 771-0468 View (619) 771-0468
Photo of Natalie Blair, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Natalie Blair
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Diego, CA 92103  (Online Only)
I’m so happy you’re here! You’ve already taken the most difficult step to improve your life. Now it’s my turn to take your hand and help you through the next steps of your journey. If you are finding yourself at a transition point or stumbling along the way, together we can navigate through it with kindness and compassion. You can get back to feeling like you again.
I’m so happy you’re here! You’ve already taken the most difficult step to improve your life. Now it’s my turn to take your hand and help you through the next steps of your journey. If you are finding yourself at a transition point or stumbling along the way, together we can navigate through it with kindness and compassion. You can get back to feeling like you again.
(562) 669-3536 View (562) 669-3536
Photo of undefined - Mary Mallinson Therapy, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Mary Mallinson Therapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Diego, CA 92108
Not accepting new clients
Unaddressed childhood traumas and adverse early life experiences can negatively impact us as adults. I support people who are dealing with unresolved trauma, experiencing difficulties in their relationships, experiencing life transitions (such as getting married, career change, becoming a parent), pregnant/postpartum anxiety and depression, women issues, and concerns relating to the Asian experience. You don't have to continue doing this alone and feeling disconnected from others and yourself. If you are ready to do the work for yourself, I am here to support you every step of the way. Your story matters.
Unaddressed childhood traumas and adverse early life experiences can negatively impact us as adults. I support people who are dealing with unresolved trauma, experiencing difficulties in their relationships, experiencing life transitions (such as getting married, career change, becoming a parent), pregnant/postpartum anxiety and depression, women issues, and concerns relating to the Asian experience. You don't have to continue doing this alone and feeling disconnected from others and yourself. If you are ready to do the work for yourself, I am here to support you every step of the way. Your story matters.
(858) 330-6965 View (858) 330-6965
Photo of J.m. Evosevich, PhD, LMFT,  , CADC, Marriage & Family Therapist
J.m. Evosevich
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, LMFT, , CADC
Verified Verified
San Diego, CA 92108
Dr. Evosevich, Ph.D., LMFT, CADC, BCBA, RN is a Licensed Marriage & Family Therapist specializing in individual & couples therapy and maintains a tele-therapy practice serving all communities of California. He has more than 25 years of experience working in healthcare, mental health, with a specialization in couples therapy. He has successfully worked with men, women, adolescents, Veterans, and the LGBTQI community creating individualized care for mental health and substance abuse disorders. Dr. Evosevich maintains licenses in Arizona, California, Florida, Nevada & Utah.
Dr. Evosevich, Ph.D., LMFT, CADC, BCBA, RN is a Licensed Marriage & Family Therapist specializing in individual & couples therapy and maintains a tele-therapy practice serving all communities of California. He has more than 25 years of experience working in healthcare, mental health, with a specialization in couples therapy. He has successfully worked with men, women, adolescents, Veterans, and the LGBTQI community creating individualized care for mental health and substance abuse disorders. Dr. Evosevich maintains licenses in Arizona, California, Florida, Nevada & Utah.
(619) 404-2623 View (619) 404-2623
Photo of Jaclyn Grace, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Jaclyn Grace
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Diego, CA 92122  (Online Only)
I specialize in helping adults who are grappling with complex, long-term trauma, related anxiety and depression, life transitions, grief and loss and adult ADHD. These issues can deeply impact your life, creating layers of challenges that require careful, sustained attention. I also specialize in working with those that are completely new to therapy. If you're struggling with these persistent concerns or trying therapy for the first time and seeking a therapeutic relationship that focuses on long-term healing and understanding, my approach is built to support you through this intricate journey.
I specialize in helping adults who are grappling with complex, long-term trauma, related anxiety and depression, life transitions, grief and loss and adult ADHD. These issues can deeply impact your life, creating layers of challenges that require careful, sustained attention. I also specialize in working with those that are completely new to therapy. If you're struggling with these persistent concerns or trying therapy for the first time and seeking a therapeutic relationship that focuses on long-term healing and understanding, my approach is built to support you through this intricate journey.
(858) 330-6019 View (858) 330-6019
Photo of Daniel R. Blaess, PhD, Psychologist
Daniel R. Blaess
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
San Diego, CA 92101
I have worked in mental health for over 30 years, in a wide variety of professional settings. My professional training has been extensive, and includes degrees from Harvard University and the California School of Professional Psychology, as well as post-doctoral studies at the San Diego Psychoanalytic Center. I'm an adjunct faculty member at the Center for Creative Leadership, the UCSD Department of Psychiatry, as well as with the Naval Medical Center Psychiatry Residency Program. I have also taught at several colleges as an adjunct faculty member.
I have worked in mental health for over 30 years, in a wide variety of professional settings. My professional training has been extensive, and includes degrees from Harvard University and the California School of Professional Psychology, as well as post-doctoral studies at the San Diego Psychoanalytic Center. I'm an adjunct faculty member at the Center for Creative Leadership, the UCSD Department of Psychiatry, as well as with the Naval Medical Center Psychiatry Residency Program. I have also taught at several colleges as an adjunct faculty member.
(619) 377-8219 View (619) 377-8219
Photo of Naomi Midura, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Naomi Midura
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Diego, CA 92130
My name is Dr. Naomi Midura. I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and I have been practicing as a clinician for the past 14 years. During those years I have worked in a variety of settings including: School-Based Mental Health, Inpatient Treatment, Community Based Work, and Private Practice. As a clinician I work collaboratively with clients and families to support whole person and whole system healing and growth. I believe understanding ourselves involves understanding how all the parts of us, affect our experiences.
My name is Dr. Naomi Midura. I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and I have been practicing as a clinician for the past 14 years. During those years I have worked in a variety of settings including: School-Based Mental Health, Inpatient Treatment, Community Based Work, and Private Practice. As a clinician I work collaboratively with clients and families to support whole person and whole system healing and growth. I believe understanding ourselves involves understanding how all the parts of us, affect our experiences.
(858) 544-3963 View (858) 544-3963
Photo of Michelle Godinez, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Michelle Godinez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Diego, CA 92101  (Online Only)
I enjoy working with adolescents and adults who want to work through trauma, release unhelpful beliefs and navigate all kinds of complicated relationships. I find that my clients need to feel safe exploring painful emotions while being challenged to question unhelpful patterns getting in the way of their goals.
I enjoy working with adolescents and adults who want to work through trauma, release unhelpful beliefs and navigate all kinds of complicated relationships. I find that my clients need to feel safe exploring painful emotions while being challenged to question unhelpful patterns getting in the way of their goals.
(925) 392-6545 View (925) 392-6545
Photo of Michael McGinty, PsyD, Psychologist
Michael McGinty
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
San Diego, CA 92108
Many struggle with anxiety and depression, and this is not uncommon. Whether it be nervousness, sadness, relational difficulties, or feeling like we aren't where we are "supposed to be" in life, there are many obstacles that cause us to feel "stuck." My job as a therapist is to help you get "unstuck" by aiding you in better understanding the underlying factors contributing to these difficulties, many of which are often rooted in thinking habits and relational patterns. My primary focus is on anxiety and depression, and how the combination of unhealthy thinking and unhealthy relational patterns cause us to feel anxious and depressed.
Many struggle with anxiety and depression, and this is not uncommon. Whether it be nervousness, sadness, relational difficulties, or feeling like we aren't where we are "supposed to be" in life, there are many obstacles that cause us to feel "stuck." My job as a therapist is to help you get "unstuck" by aiding you in better understanding the underlying factors contributing to these difficulties, many of which are often rooted in thinking habits and relational patterns. My primary focus is on anxiety and depression, and how the combination of unhealthy thinking and unhealthy relational patterns cause us to feel anxious and depressed.
(858) 900-5848 View (858) 900-5848
Photo of Grace Catherine Mickle, MA, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Grace Catherine Mickle
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Diego, CA 92103  (Online Only)
I am a plant-based psychotherapist highlighting the importance of nutrition, movement, spirituality and environmentalism in connecting the mind, body and soul. I am also a practicing yogi, nature lover and avid self-healer. I am tender, integrative, grounded and nurturing. I center my work around connecting the mind, body and soul to find peace and energetic balance with various holistic and somatic practices. In using these approaches, clients learn their abilities to address any anxiety, depression, traumas, loss of self, difficult relationships and other maladaptive behaviors to become their most desired and divine selves.
I am a plant-based psychotherapist highlighting the importance of nutrition, movement, spirituality and environmentalism in connecting the mind, body and soul. I am also a practicing yogi, nature lover and avid self-healer. I am tender, integrative, grounded and nurturing. I center my work around connecting the mind, body and soul to find peace and energetic balance with various holistic and somatic practices. In using these approaches, clients learn their abilities to address any anxiety, depression, traumas, loss of self, difficult relationships and other maladaptive behaviors to become their most desired and divine selves.
(619) 374-4417 View (619) 374-4417
Photo of undefined - Psychotherapy of San Diego, Dr Silbert RN,CNS,PHD, RN, CNS, PhD, FACCS, Psychologist
Psychotherapy of San Diego, Dr Silbert RN,CNS,PHD
Psychologist, RN, CNS, PhD, FACCS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Diego, CA 92108
Dr Silbert promotes healing and strengthening of the capable inner self. The individual is enhanced positively by a belief in the ability to cope with the human condition and the emotional upheaval exacerbated by the winding road of life's journey. From the initial consultation with Dr. Silbert she remains an active verbal participant in your treatment. She most emphatically "listens" and "sees" you in a genuine attempt to validate the importance and significance of what you say and how you are feeling. Evaluation of the problems and strategies for effective intervention are discussed with the individual from the first consult until completion of treatment.
Dr Silbert promotes healing and strengthening of the capable inner self. The individual is enhanced positively by a belief in the ability to cope with the human condition and the emotional upheaval exacerbated by the winding road of life's journey. From the initial consultation with Dr. Silbert she remains an active verbal participant in your treatment. She most emphatically "listens" and "sees" you in a genuine attempt to validate the importance and significance of what you say and how you are feeling. Evaluation of the problems and strategies for effective intervention are discussed with the individual from the first consult until completion of treatment.
(858) 771-0252 View (858) 771-0252
Photo of Jenette Munguia, MA, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Jenette Munguia
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
San Diego, CA 92101  (Online Only)
Hello! My name is Jenette (she/her) and I am a queer Latina therapist who specializes in complex trauma, anxiety disorders, LGBTQIA+ and neurodivergent affirming care. I am passionate about creating a space of acceptance to allow for deep-rooted healing and exploration of self.
Hello! My name is Jenette (she/her) and I am a queer Latina therapist who specializes in complex trauma, anxiety disorders, LGBTQIA+ and neurodivergent affirming care. I am passionate about creating a space of acceptance to allow for deep-rooted healing and exploration of self.
(424) 484-3963 View (424) 484-3963
Photo of Darlene R Townes, PsyD, Psychologist
Darlene R Townes
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
San Diego, CA 92126
Not accepting new clients
Do you struggle with negative thoughts affecting your identity, mood or behaviors? Have you been diagnosed with a chronic mental illness? Do you feel stuck in your life due to emotional or physical pain from relationships, traumatic events or marginalization? Do you long for a safe person to process these events or unspoken secrets too unbearable to speak out-loud? Maybe you are having problems in your relationships, communication, or too many non-negotiable areas. Well, you are not alone.
Do you struggle with negative thoughts affecting your identity, mood or behaviors? Have you been diagnosed with a chronic mental illness? Do you feel stuck in your life due to emotional or physical pain from relationships, traumatic events or marginalization? Do you long for a safe person to process these events or unspoken secrets too unbearable to speak out-loud? Maybe you are having problems in your relationships, communication, or too many non-negotiable areas. Well, you are not alone.
(858) 264-0511 View (858) 264-0511
Photo of Mayra Rangel, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Mayra Rangel
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Diego, CA 92108
Do you find yourself feeling stuck? Do you find yourself in cycles that no longer serve you? Do you find yourself feeling sad, always worrying or  struggling with difficult events from your past?  Maybe  you find yourself struggling with relationships or being present in your day to day life. If so I'd love to help you! My goal is to provide an empathetic, empowering and kind place to process the various aspects of your life that affect you, and help you live the life you've imagined.
Do you find yourself feeling stuck? Do you find yourself in cycles that no longer serve you? Do you find yourself feeling sad, always worrying or  struggling with difficult events from your past?  Maybe  you find yourself struggling with relationships or being present in your day to day life. If so I'd love to help you! My goal is to provide an empathetic, empowering and kind place to process the various aspects of your life that affect you, and help you live the life you've imagined.
(619) 975-3935 View (619) 975-3935
Photo of Garet Bedrosian, LCSW, CiRT, MFEC, CBT, CET, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Garet Bedrosian
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CiRT, MFEC, CBT, CET
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Diego, CA 92111
Is your relationship in trouble? Does your relationship feel dull and lifeless? Are you at the beginning of a new relationship and want to make sure this one works out? We all need to learn how to make relationships work. There are a few things you need to know. 1. All relationships go through a cycle, and one of those cycles includes conflict. Yes, conflict is supposed to happen because it helps us grow and heal. 2. All those great feelings you had at the beginning were because of hormones, and they don't last. 3. You are in this relationship because you hold the key to each other's healing. I can help create a safe environment.
Is your relationship in trouble? Does your relationship feel dull and lifeless? Are you at the beginning of a new relationship and want to make sure this one works out? We all need to learn how to make relationships work. There are a few things you need to know. 1. All relationships go through a cycle, and one of those cycles includes conflict. Yes, conflict is supposed to happen because it helps us grow and heal. 2. All those great feelings you had at the beginning were because of hormones, and they don't last. 3. You are in this relationship because you hold the key to each other's healing. I can help create a safe environment.
(619) 432-3260 View (619) 432-3260
Photo of Mylene Eduvala, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Mylene Eduvala
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Diego, CA 92127
Not accepting new clients
Are you tired of feeling anxious, overwhelmed, stressed, and even panicked? I can help you manage those emotions when life hands you difficult challenges. You may be struggling to focus on work, school, or even on the relationships you have with other people because of these feelings. I can help you gain back your control. Your thoughts make you question your abilities and may make you feel like an imposter in your own life. Let me show you how to step back into feeling like your authentic self. You're ready to manage your thoughts and feelings to start living the life that you deserve. I can support you with reaching this goal.
Are you tired of feeling anxious, overwhelmed, stressed, and even panicked? I can help you manage those emotions when life hands you difficult challenges. You may be struggling to focus on work, school, or even on the relationships you have with other people because of these feelings. I can help you gain back your control. Your thoughts make you question your abilities and may make you feel like an imposter in your own life. Let me show you how to step back into feeling like your authentic self. You're ready to manage your thoughts and feelings to start living the life that you deserve. I can support you with reaching this goal.
(858) 358-7588 View (858) 358-7588
Photo of Katherine Paul, APCC, Pre-Licensed Professional
Katherine Paul
Pre-Licensed Professional, APCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Diego, CA 92117
Hello, I'm Katie, an Associate Professional Counselor who is looking forward to joining you on your journey to better overall wellness. Working from a background of culturally competent, trauma-informed care and a strengths-based approach, I use humor, warmth and compassion to help each client feel seen and safe. Experienced in providing Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, I am confident in providing evidence-based tools to help those suffering from intense emotions to feel grounded and empowered as well as rebuild trust within themselves.
Hello, I'm Katie, an Associate Professional Counselor who is looking forward to joining you on your journey to better overall wellness. Working from a background of culturally competent, trauma-informed care and a strengths-based approach, I use humor, warmth and compassion to help each client feel seen and safe. Experienced in providing Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, I am confident in providing evidence-based tools to help those suffering from intense emotions to feel grounded and empowered as well as rebuild trust within themselves.
(858) 330-3799 View (858) 330-3799
Photo of undefined - Miranda Millican, PDA Affirming Therapist , LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Miranda Millican, PDA Affirming Therapist
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Diego, CA 92102
Welcome! I work with autistic people and those who love them! I have personal experience in this area, I am a neurodivergent (ADHD and PDA) therapist who is a parent to a "neurospicy" autistic/PDA chid. PDA is pathological demand avoidance, or as I like to call it “persistent drive for autonomy". Although not yet an official diagnosis in the US, my goal is to create community and support around folks who identify themselves with these traits. I support teens, adults and couples around autism, PDA and ADHD and better understanding and communicating their needs to others.
Welcome! I work with autistic people and those who love them! I have personal experience in this area, I am a neurodivergent (ADHD and PDA) therapist who is a parent to a "neurospicy" autistic/PDA chid. PDA is pathological demand avoidance, or as I like to call it “persistent drive for autonomy". Although not yet an official diagnosis in the US, my goal is to create community and support around folks who identify themselves with these traits. I support teens, adults and couples around autism, PDA and ADHD and better understanding and communicating their needs to others.
(619) 853-2637 View (619) 853-2637

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in San Diego, CA

3,000+

Average cost per session

$160

Therapists in San Diego, CA who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
87% Depression
70% Self Esteem
66% Coping Skills
65% Relationship Issues
64% Trauma and PTSD
62% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

79% Aetna
74% Cigna and Evernorth
68% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in San Diego, CA see their clients

55% In Person and Online
45% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
19% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in San Diego?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.