Therapists in Canyon, CA

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Photo of Emma Tennison, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Emma Tennison
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oakland, CA 94620  (Online Only)
Seeking support can feel vulnerable – especially when the culture around us glorifies “self-made” success stories and aspires to a seemingly effortless, perfectly curated social media existence. The reality of course is that life is messy, and that we all benefit from support. We are impacted by world events, our environments, relationships, the histories of our people (our families, ancestors, communities), and our own unique collection of lived experiences. As a therapist I view my role as that of an ally, confidant, collaborator - and very occasionally a guide.
Seeking support can feel vulnerable – especially when the culture around us glorifies “self-made” success stories and aspires to a seemingly effortless, perfectly curated social media existence. The reality of course is that life is messy, and that we all benefit from support. We are impacted by world events, our environments, relationships, the histories of our people (our families, ancestors, communities), and our own unique collection of lived experiences. As a therapist I view my role as that of an ally, confidant, collaborator - and very occasionally a guide.
(510) 369-2713 View (510) 369-2713
Photo of Jeffrey H Kent, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Jeffrey H Kent
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Oakland, CA 94610
Do you suspect something is “off,” that you could be doing better? Feeling better? You could, even, be happier? What’s stopping you? Sometimes, it is anxiety or depression. Often it is an addiction to something that for a while made things better - drugs, alcohol, spending, and others. These are false strategies that promised relief, but in the end, caused more suffering. They make anxiety & depression worse, taking one down into a spiral of hopelessness and despair, even shame. You don't have to stay here. You can change.
Do you suspect something is “off,” that you could be doing better? Feeling better? You could, even, be happier? What’s stopping you? Sometimes, it is anxiety or depression. Often it is an addiction to something that for a while made things better - drugs, alcohol, spending, and others. These are false strategies that promised relief, but in the end, caused more suffering. They make anxiety & depression worse, taking one down into a spiral of hopelessness and despair, even shame. You don't have to stay here. You can change.
(925) 471-8338 View (925) 471-8338
Photo of Alexis Smith, PsyD, Psychologist
Alexis Smith
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Oakland, CA 94611
I am a clinical psychologist licensed in the state of California (license number PSY 28050). I provide psychological assessments of children and adults. Neuropsychological assessment can be useful for identifying a cognitive basis for stumbling blocks with academic achievement, social functioning, or occupational success. I also provide forensic and independent medical evaluations for both criminal and civil matters, including mental health diversion, competence to stand trial, mitigating factors relating to cognitive and emotional functioning, personal injury, short- and long-term disability, and employment discrimination.
I am a clinical psychologist licensed in the state of California (license number PSY 28050). I provide psychological assessments of children and adults. Neuropsychological assessment can be useful for identifying a cognitive basis for stumbling blocks with academic achievement, social functioning, or occupational success. I also provide forensic and independent medical evaluations for both criminal and civil matters, including mental health diversion, competence to stand trial, mitigating factors relating to cognitive and emotional functioning, personal injury, short- and long-term disability, and employment discrimination.
(925) 308-9244 View (925) 308-9244
Photo of Cristine Peterson, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Cristine Peterson
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oakland, CA 94610  (Online Only)
I work with individuals who have experienced trauma and are seeking relief through an integrative, relational, and somatic approach. Drawing on somatic techniques such as EMDR and Somatic Experiencing, I support my clients in connecting to the felt sense of their bodies as a source of information. I believe that a gentle inquiry into the body’s felt sense allows us to safely integrate the past into the present and clarify what’s true for us in any given moment.
I work with individuals who have experienced trauma and are seeking relief through an integrative, relational, and somatic approach. Drawing on somatic techniques such as EMDR and Somatic Experiencing, I support my clients in connecting to the felt sense of their bodies as a source of information. I believe that a gentle inquiry into the body’s felt sense allows us to safely integrate the past into the present and clarify what’s true for us in any given moment.
(510) 369-0989 View (510) 369-0989
Photo of Jane E Greenfield - EMDR Psychotherapy and Geriatric Mental Health , LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
EMDR Psychotherapy and Geriatric Mental Health
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Oakland, CA 94611  (Online Only)
Are you bothered by an upsetting event (s) that you cannot get out of your mind? Do you know something is holding you back, perhaps from your past, but you can't seem to shake it? Have you tried traditional talk therapy, but your past still has a grip on you? Exciting breakthroughs have been advanced in our understanding of how our brains mange memories. The latest research shows that non-traditional therapies like EMDR, can more quickly & deeply help us heal and recover from traumatic events and live more satisfying lives.
Are you bothered by an upsetting event (s) that you cannot get out of your mind? Do you know something is holding you back, perhaps from your past, but you can't seem to shake it? Have you tried traditional talk therapy, but your past still has a grip on you? Exciting breakthroughs have been advanced in our understanding of how our brains mange memories. The latest research shows that non-traditional therapies like EMDR, can more quickly & deeply help us heal and recover from traumatic events and live more satisfying lives.
(510) 545-9572 View (510) 545-9572
Photo of Shendl Tuchman, PsyD, Psychologist
Shendl Tuchman
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Oakland, CA 94611  (Online Only)
Relationships are big challenges. Who are we when we interact with those around us? Do we let others see us for who we really are? Can we see them? I specialize in working with individuals and couples as they try to manage their relationships: preserving them, ending them or changing them. This includes the effects of divorce and moving from a pre-divorce to a post-divorce family from deciding how to tell your children to determining how you want to define your co-parenting relationship.
Relationships are big challenges. Who are we when we interact with those around us? Do we let others see us for who we really are? Can we see them? I specialize in working with individuals and couples as they try to manage their relationships: preserving them, ending them or changing them. This includes the effects of divorce and moving from a pre-divorce to a post-divorce family from deciding how to tell your children to determining how you want to define your co-parenting relationship.
(925) 336-3128 View (925) 336-3128
Photo of Jean Milam, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jean Milam
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oakland, CA 94602
I provide a safe, warm, non-judgmental space where every part of you is welcome, the parts you know and like and those parts that you may keep hidden. Asking for help is not easy. You may have been taught that you should be able to handle difficulty by yourself, but, in fact, seeking support is the most courageous step you can take toward your own healing and emotional well-being. You don't have to experience sadness, anxiety, trauma, anger, or loss on your own.
I provide a safe, warm, non-judgmental space where every part of you is welcome, the parts you know and like and those parts that you may keep hidden. Asking for help is not easy. You may have been taught that you should be able to handle difficulty by yourself, but, in fact, seeking support is the most courageous step you can take toward your own healing and emotional well-being. You don't have to experience sadness, anxiety, trauma, anger, or loss on your own.
(510) 257-9386 View (510) 257-9386
Photo of Meghan Turner, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Meghan Turner
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Oakland, CA 94610
I enjoy working with clients who are seeking a more authentic connection to self and their loved ones. My intention is for clients to free themselves of old beliefs and ways of being that keep them trapped in a sense of inadequacy and separateness. As we move through the continual challenges of life we acquire imprints from others and society that can suppress our deepest knowing. I work with clients who are ready and willing to dive deep into the unknown to rekindle their inner fire and walk this earth with purpose and belonging.
I enjoy working with clients who are seeking a more authentic connection to self and their loved ones. My intention is for clients to free themselves of old beliefs and ways of being that keep them trapped in a sense of inadequacy and separateness. As we move through the continual challenges of life we acquire imprints from others and society that can suppress our deepest knowing. I work with clients who are ready and willing to dive deep into the unknown to rekindle their inner fire and walk this earth with purpose and belonging.
(925) 258-2867 View (925) 258-2867
Photo of Adam Harrison, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Adam Harrison
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oakland, CA 94618  (Online Only)
I want to start by thanking you for taking the time out of your day to get to know me. When I was sixteen years old I struggled with a depression so deep I thought I would never escape from it. Through the help of a therapist I was able to see that my darkness was not my destiny. Whether it be from stress, loss, disposition, painful memories, or difficult circumstance, we all suffer from time to time throughout our lives. Sometimes what we need is someone to witness that struggle, and walk with us for a time. It would be my honor to walk with you.
I want to start by thanking you for taking the time out of your day to get to know me. When I was sixteen years old I struggled with a depression so deep I thought I would never escape from it. Through the help of a therapist I was able to see that my darkness was not my destiny. Whether it be from stress, loss, disposition, painful memories, or difficult circumstance, we all suffer from time to time throughout our lives. Sometimes what we need is someone to witness that struggle, and walk with us for a time. It would be my honor to walk with you.
(925) 633-5613 View (925) 633-5613
Photo of Patricia Dallacroce, JD, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Patricia Dallacroce
Marriage & Family Therapist, JD, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oakland, CA 94618
For therapy to work, you must feel safe enough to express your most distressing feelings and thoughts. It is essential that you feel heard, seen, and understood. Your therapist must be able to accompany you, with knowledge, safety and empathy, through the depths of your pain to transformance. I strive to be that kind of therapist for my clients. Before becoming a therapist, I practiced law for 14 years in a large metropolitan law firm. I became a therapist because therapy was personally transformative for me and because I passionately believe that therapy can be life-changing.
For therapy to work, you must feel safe enough to express your most distressing feelings and thoughts. It is essential that you feel heard, seen, and understood. Your therapist must be able to accompany you, with knowledge, safety and empathy, through the depths of your pain to transformance. I strive to be that kind of therapist for my clients. Before becoming a therapist, I practiced law for 14 years in a large metropolitan law firm. I became a therapist because therapy was personally transformative for me and because I passionately believe that therapy can be life-changing.
(925) 521-8826 View (925) 521-8826
Photo of Nicole Kat Laby, MFT, MS, Marriage & Family Therapist
Nicole Kat Laby
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT, MS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oakland, CA 94611
Sometimes the belief that you will find the right therapist and get through difficulties feels so far away. Depression and anxiety can complicate your efforts to reach out and begin the process of telling your story. I am here to listen to your story and collaborate with you to get past hardships and make realistic and sustainable changes. I have an interactive style which helps to draw out the difficult parts and ground you in your pursuit of a more fulfilling life. Thank you for visiting and please let me know if you’d like to talk for a bit first in order to see if I could be of help. For more info please visit NicoleLaby.com
Sometimes the belief that you will find the right therapist and get through difficulties feels so far away. Depression and anxiety can complicate your efforts to reach out and begin the process of telling your story. I am here to listen to your story and collaborate with you to get past hardships and make realistic and sustainable changes. I have an interactive style which helps to draw out the difficult parts and ground you in your pursuit of a more fulfilling life. Thank you for visiting and please let me know if you’d like to talk for a bit first in order to see if I could be of help. For more info please visit NicoleLaby.com
(628) 333-2198 View (628) 333-2198
Photo of Megan Gredesky, LMFT, RDT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Megan Gredesky
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, RDT
Verified Verified
Oakland, CA 94610
Grief Recovery Support Group beginning June 2024! I have In person and online openings! I stay up to date on the most cutting edge therapies to achieve RAPID and long lasting effects. As a Certified Brainspotting Therapist, I focus on neuroscience - YOUR brain can HEAL from trauma, grief, and anxiety. Release the shame and inner critic that is no longer serving you. I help empaths and highly sensitive people who are struggling with overwhelm. Performers and artists have benefited from Expansion Brainspotting to overcome creative blocks! I’m trained in play therapy and drama therapy and work well with children and adolescents.
Grief Recovery Support Group beginning June 2024! I have In person and online openings! I stay up to date on the most cutting edge therapies to achieve RAPID and long lasting effects. As a Certified Brainspotting Therapist, I focus on neuroscience - YOUR brain can HEAL from trauma, grief, and anxiety. Release the shame and inner critic that is no longer serving you. I help empaths and highly sensitive people who are struggling with overwhelm. Performers and artists have benefited from Expansion Brainspotting to overcome creative blocks! I’m trained in play therapy and drama therapy and work well with children and adolescents.
(510) 694-0644 View (510) 694-0644
Photo of Amanda Saint-Louis, RN, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Amanda Saint-Louis
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, RN, AMFT
Verified Verified
Oakland, CA 94618
I seek to help people from diverse backgrounds who are looking to liberate themselves from subconscious self-limiting beliefs and patterns and desire to experience more vitality and authentic alignment with who they really are. I specialize in supporting people who identify as healers who support others but don't get enough personal support, people-pleasers, perfectionists, and folks who are burdened with the residue of trauma from difficult life experiences who want to build resilience, or need space to deconstruct/reconstruct the affects of living within failed and broken systems.
I seek to help people from diverse backgrounds who are looking to liberate themselves from subconscious self-limiting beliefs and patterns and desire to experience more vitality and authentic alignment with who they really are. I specialize in supporting people who identify as healers who support others but don't get enough personal support, people-pleasers, perfectionists, and folks who are burdened with the residue of trauma from difficult life experiences who want to build resilience, or need space to deconstruct/reconstruct the affects of living within failed and broken systems.
(510) 372-0551 View (510) 372-0551
Photo of Phyllis Rothblatt, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Phyllis Rothblatt
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Oakland, CA 94618  (Online Only)
As a therapist for over thirty years, the focus of my work is helping people to create and sustain healthy relationships, and to learn how to thrive in their lives. I listen carefully to the nuances of what you say and don't say, and help you to become more aware of your unconscious beliefs and the energy that you hold in your body that may be an obstacle to your creating the life and relationships that you yearn for. Together, we take the journey of understanding and resolving what is in your way, so that you can discover new pathways to live your life with more joy, ease and connection.
As a therapist for over thirty years, the focus of my work is helping people to create and sustain healthy relationships, and to learn how to thrive in their lives. I listen carefully to the nuances of what you say and don't say, and help you to become more aware of your unconscious beliefs and the energy that you hold in your body that may be an obstacle to your creating the life and relationships that you yearn for. Together, we take the journey of understanding and resolving what is in your way, so that you can discover new pathways to live your life with more joy, ease and connection.
(510) 246-3735 View (510) 246-3735
Photo of Susan Lowe-Thomas - Susan Lowe-Thomas, Psy.D., Psychologist
Susan Lowe-Thomas, Psy.D.
Psychologist
Verified Verified
Oakland, CA 94618  (Online Only)
As a psychologist, I support the nourishment of mental health and well-being where ever you may be in your life. The journey can be challenging. Patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving help one navigate through life. Sometimes those patterns create barriers and overwhelming feelings. Conflicts, anger, confusion, people-pleasing, worry, and sadness may interfere. Allow me to use my life's learning and 13 years of clinical psychology experience to help you work toward your goals and find relief.
As a psychologist, I support the nourishment of mental health and well-being where ever you may be in your life. The journey can be challenging. Patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving help one navigate through life. Sometimes those patterns create barriers and overwhelming feelings. Conflicts, anger, confusion, people-pleasing, worry, and sadness may interfere. Allow me to use my life's learning and 13 years of clinical psychology experience to help you work toward your goals and find relief.
(510) 491-0697 View (510) 491-0697
Photo of Ajay Deven Dave, LMFT, MA, Marriage & Family Therapist
Ajay Deven Dave
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA
Verified Verified
Oakland, CA 94602
I use my extensive somatic training to help my clients build more capacity to be with and understand their feelings so that they can be in charge of their lives instead of their feelings pushing them around. I help clients with issues ranging from social anxiety, relationship challenges, depression, sleep issues, chronic pain, navigating difficult family and work environments, finding and focusing on their passion in life, and dealing with the traumatic state of the world.
I use my extensive somatic training to help my clients build more capacity to be with and understand their feelings so that they can be in charge of their lives instead of their feelings pushing them around. I help clients with issues ranging from social anxiety, relationship challenges, depression, sleep issues, chronic pain, navigating difficult family and work environments, finding and focusing on their passion in life, and dealing with the traumatic state of the world.
(510) 255-5910 View (510) 255-5910
Photo of Catarina Maria Rodrigues, MS, MFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Catarina Maria Rodrigues
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, MFT
Verified Verified
Oakland, CA 94618
Life guarantees each of us joy and despair. And yet, our highly individualistic culture seems to over promote self sufficiency. I've found that life transitions, relational and professional challenges are considerably more manageable with consistent support. Through reflection, collaborative brainstorming and guidance in noticing response patterns, clients in my care become more aware. This growing self awareness uncovers outdated beliefs, surfaces issues that need tending and, most importantly, gives folks more agency around their daily life choices. I enjoy this discovery process with individuals, couples and parent/child teams.
Life guarantees each of us joy and despair. And yet, our highly individualistic culture seems to over promote self sufficiency. I've found that life transitions, relational and professional challenges are considerably more manageable with consistent support. Through reflection, collaborative brainstorming and guidance in noticing response patterns, clients in my care become more aware. This growing self awareness uncovers outdated beliefs, surfaces issues that need tending and, most importantly, gives folks more agency around their daily life choices. I enjoy this discovery process with individuals, couples and parent/child teams.
(415) 236-3570 View (415) 236-3570
Photo of Raven Westhoelter, MA, MFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Raven Westhoelter
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified Verified
Oakland, CA 94619  (Online Only)
I specialize in treating Complex PTSD, Panic, Anxiety, Depression, ADHD, gender and sexuality exploration, monogamous and poly relationships, and sexual difficulties. I help people explore and discover who they want to be, what kind of life they want to live, and what they can do to make it their reality. I enjoy helping clients discover who they are and how to find and engage with community.
I specialize in treating Complex PTSD, Panic, Anxiety, Depression, ADHD, gender and sexuality exploration, monogamous and poly relationships, and sexual difficulties. I help people explore and discover who they want to be, what kind of life they want to live, and what they can do to make it their reality. I enjoy helping clients discover who they are and how to find and engage with community.
(510) 768-8044 View (510) 768-8044
Photo of Katherine Tarnoff, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Katherine Tarnoff
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oakland, CA 94602
Through counseling, I support individuals, couples and families to identify patterns in behavior and communication. Our work together will be collaborative and strengths-based. It will encourage shifts in the family to promote healthy expression of emotions and communication to improve relationships. I use a directive style of communication and an active and integrative approach. I encourage parents, caregivers and other family members to be involved in the therapeutic process.
Through counseling, I support individuals, couples and families to identify patterns in behavior and communication. Our work together will be collaborative and strengths-based. It will encourage shifts in the family to promote healthy expression of emotions and communication to improve relationships. I use a directive style of communication and an active and integrative approach. I encourage parents, caregivers and other family members to be involved in the therapeutic process.
(510) 338-4214 View (510) 338-4214
Photo of Lorie Elizabeth Hill - Lorie Hill, PhD, PhD, Psychologist
Lorie Hill, PhD
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Oakland, CA 94602  (Online Only)
Are you struggling with depression, anxiety, sadness, feeling stuck, and want to improve your relationships with partners, family, friends, co-workers .. and yourself? Are you dealing with illness? I offer coaching on navigating medical and emotional healing. Do you get too angry at times? Or have trouble dealing with people who are different from you? For 8 years I was a psychologist at California men's state prisons, following 4 years as director of JFKU's training counseling center and
Are you struggling with depression, anxiety, sadness, feeling stuck, and want to improve your relationships with partners, family, friends, co-workers .. and yourself? Are you dealing with illness? I offer coaching on navigating medical and emotional healing. Do you get too angry at times? Or have trouble dealing with people who are different from you? For 8 years I was a psychologist at California men's state prisons, following 4 years as director of JFKU's training counseling center and
(925) 403-4137 View (925) 403-4137

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Canyon, CA

< 10

Therapists in Canyon, CA who prioritize treating:

How Therapists in Canyon, CA see their clients

2% Online Only
1% In Person and Online
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Canyon?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.