Therapists in Emeryville, CA

Photo of Maria Culcasi, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Emeryville, CA
Maria Culcasi
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Emeryville, CA 94608  (Online Only)
A little bit of stress is a good thing. It gets us out of bed in the morning and motivates us to work towards our goals. But too little or too much stress are problems that interfere with our ability to be the best possible versions of ourselves and can prevent our minds from being at ease to deal with life’s daily tasks or pursuing opportunities. Often too much stress can lead to anxiety and depression. Through CBT and other modalities, we will discuss your thoughts and emotions as well as ways to help your motivation and any barrier that may be getting in the way of leading the life you would like.
A little bit of stress is a good thing. It gets us out of bed in the morning and motivates us to work towards our goals. But too little or too much stress are problems that interfere with our ability to be the best possible versions of ourselves and can prevent our minds from being at ease to deal with life’s daily tasks or pursuing opportunities. Often too much stress can lead to anxiety and depression. Through CBT and other modalities, we will discuss your thoughts and emotions as well as ways to help your motivation and any barrier that may be getting in the way of leading the life you would like.
(415) 569-7757 View (415) 569-7757
Photo of Gabrielle Dillard, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Emeryville, CA
Gabrielle Dillard
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Emeryville, CA 94608  (Online Only)
I utilize an eclectic approach to incorporate a combination of evidence-based practices. I understand we all learn in different way, and our journeys are all unique. My treatment approach includes providing a client centered, trauma-informed, strength based therapeutic style. I will work with you to determine which therapy models are best for you in our work together. I take a whole person approach with an emphasis on the mind and body connection to mental health.
I utilize an eclectic approach to incorporate a combination of evidence-based practices. I understand we all learn in different way, and our journeys are all unique. My treatment approach includes providing a client centered, trauma-informed, strength based therapeutic style. I will work with you to determine which therapy models are best for you in our work together. I take a whole person approach with an emphasis on the mind and body connection to mental health.
(310) 361-9071 View (310) 361-9071
Photo of Aleiya Cherry, Marriage & Family Therapist in Emeryville, CA
Aleiya Cherry
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Emeryville, CA 94608
I work from a relational, holistic approach because I believe making sure my clients have a safe space to fully show up as themselves, while taking into account all aspects of their lives that could be contributing to their presenting challenges, is of high importance. All of you Matters. My approach to therapy is Client-Centered and Integrative. I incorporate other evidence-based techniques including Narrative, Acceptance Commitment Therapy (ACT), Mindfulness, and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). I'm a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in the state of California.
I work from a relational, holistic approach because I believe making sure my clients have a safe space to fully show up as themselves, while taking into account all aspects of their lives that could be contributing to their presenting challenges, is of high importance. All of you Matters. My approach to therapy is Client-Centered and Integrative. I incorporate other evidence-based techniques including Narrative, Acceptance Commitment Therapy (ACT), Mindfulness, and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). I'm a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in the state of California.
(510) 826-2323 View (510) 826-2323
Photo of Kurt Vaillancourt, Marriage & Family Therapist in Emeryville, CA
Kurt Vaillancourt
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Emeryville, CA 94608  (Online Only)
For nearly 20 years, I have worked with adults, families, and couples both individually and in group settings. Some of the areas I have provided treatment for include substance use/abuse, depression, anxiety, grief/loss, and adjustment disorders due to life transitions. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) in the state of California and obtained a Doctorate Degree in Clinical Psychology (Psy.D.) in 2005.
For nearly 20 years, I have worked with adults, families, and couples both individually and in group settings. Some of the areas I have provided treatment for include substance use/abuse, depression, anxiety, grief/loss, and adjustment disorders due to life transitions. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) in the state of California and obtained a Doctorate Degree in Clinical Psychology (Psy.D.) in 2005.
(408) 340-9952 View (408) 340-9952
Photo of Dr. Shea M. Pilgrim, Psychologist in Emeryville, CA
Dr. Shea M. Pilgrim
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Emeryville, CA 94608
My approach to practicing psychology is transparent and collaborative in nature. Clients report that I am grounding, honest, and easy to talk to. Evaluations follow the philosophy and techniques of collaborative/therapeutic assessment. An important first step in the process is a collaborative conversation to uncover questions that you want to have answered by the assessment. I specialize in working with children, teens, young adults, and families.
My approach to practicing psychology is transparent and collaborative in nature. Clients report that I am grounding, honest, and easy to talk to. Evaluations follow the philosophy and techniques of collaborative/therapeutic assessment. An important first step in the process is a collaborative conversation to uncover questions that you want to have answered by the assessment. I specialize in working with children, teens, young adults, and families.
(510) 216-1551 View (510) 216-1551
Photo of April McMahon, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Emeryville, CA
April McMahon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Emeryville, CA 94608  (Online Only)
I believe that everyone deserves a space without judgement to explore who they are, how they got here and where they want to go. My goal as a therapist is to help clients figure out what isn’t working for them in their life and relationships and then work as a team to enact change.
I believe that everyone deserves a space without judgement to explore who they are, how they got here and where they want to go. My goal as a therapist is to help clients figure out what isn’t working for them in their life and relationships and then work as a team to enact change.
(510) 560-7445 View (510) 560-7445
Photo of Max Benjamin, Psychologist in Emeryville, CA
Max Benjamin
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Emeryville, CA 94608
Dr. Max Benjamin is a clinical psychologist who has been practicing since 2015. He earned his doctorate in Clinical Psychology at the Wright Institute and his undergraduate degree in Psychology and Spanish from Northwestern University. Dr. Benjamin's unique strength as a therapist is knowing how to help clients work on better managing current daily life challenges, while also addressing the "deeper" psychological issues that make daily life hard to manage. When people successfully make major lifestyle changes but do not address these "deeper" issues, they often end up struggling again.
Dr. Max Benjamin is a clinical psychologist who has been practicing since 2015. He earned his doctorate in Clinical Psychology at the Wright Institute and his undergraduate degree in Psychology and Spanish from Northwestern University. Dr. Benjamin's unique strength as a therapist is knowing how to help clients work on better managing current daily life challenges, while also addressing the "deeper" psychological issues that make daily life hard to manage. When people successfully make major lifestyle changes but do not address these "deeper" issues, they often end up struggling again.
(510) 686-6239 View (510) 686-6239
Photo of Sepi Yashar, Psychologist in Emeryville, CA
Sepi Yashar
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Emeryville, CA 94608  (Online Only)
I have extensive experience working with individuals, couples, and families struggling with addiction and mental health, utilizing a variety of counseling approaches. These include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy, Motivational Interviewing, Narrative Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, and Solution-Focused Therapy. My approach is relationship-focused and Strength-Based with a healthy dose of humor. I am dedicated to creating a supportive environment for my clients to thrive.
I have extensive experience working with individuals, couples, and families struggling with addiction and mental health, utilizing a variety of counseling approaches. These include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy, Motivational Interviewing, Narrative Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, and Solution-Focused Therapy. My approach is relationship-focused and Strength-Based with a healthy dose of humor. I am dedicated to creating a supportive environment for my clients to thrive.
(415) 727-8017 View (415) 727-8017
Photo of Lisa Martin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Emeryville, CA
Lisa Martin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Emeryville, CA 94608  (Online Only)
My professional career started in 2004 and I continue to love helping people progress to their goals. I have a holistic approach to health and wellness. Therapeutically speaking, my primary modalities include Cognitive Behavioral, Solutions Focused, and Strengths-based therapies; however, I believe every person and circumstance should be individualized based on the client's wants and needs. I like to meet people where they are and draw off of their strengths to guide them in improving their circumstances and overall quality of life.
My professional career started in 2004 and I continue to love helping people progress to their goals. I have a holistic approach to health and wellness. Therapeutically speaking, my primary modalities include Cognitive Behavioral, Solutions Focused, and Strengths-based therapies; however, I believe every person and circumstance should be individualized based on the client's wants and needs. I like to meet people where they are and draw off of their strengths to guide them in improving their circumstances and overall quality of life.
(415) 969-5753 View (415) 969-5753
Photo of Rosario Puga Dempsey, Marriage & Family Therapist in Emeryville, CA
Rosario Puga Dempsey
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Emeryville, CA 94608  (Online Only)
I find great joy in creating a unique therapeutic experience that is tailored to you, which is why I integrate different approaches into my practice. I meaningfully aim to provide you with a different perspective on your situation that can help you obtain clarity and peace. I support you by increasing your awareness of the deep fears and strong emotions that may be holding you back and leaving you feeling stuck.​ Through my extensive work in the field for over the past eight years in various settings and with diverse populations I have developed a multi-faceted approach to helping families, couples, and adults heal.
I find great joy in creating a unique therapeutic experience that is tailored to you, which is why I integrate different approaches into my practice. I meaningfully aim to provide you with a different perspective on your situation that can help you obtain clarity and peace. I support you by increasing your awareness of the deep fears and strong emotions that may be holding you back and leaving you feeling stuck.​ Through my extensive work in the field for over the past eight years in various settings and with diverse populations I have developed a multi-faceted approach to helping families, couples, and adults heal.
(415) 801-8353 View (415) 801-8353
Photo of Alisa Vincent Psychotherapy, Marriage & Family Therapist in Emeryville, CA
Alisa Vincent Psychotherapy
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Emeryville, CA 94662  (Online Only)
I have a virtual private practice in California where I work with teens, and adults. I consider therapy a relationship we co-create specifically to suit your needs; one to help you feel safe, heard, and respected. I have a relational style, meaning you will receive feedback from me, and never feel like you're talking to a blank wall. We all share an intrinsic longing for hope, wholeness, empowerment, and meaning. It's my privilege to help clients nourish that longing into a drive; to help them gain a sense of mastery and direction in their own lives.
I have a virtual private practice in California where I work with teens, and adults. I consider therapy a relationship we co-create specifically to suit your needs; one to help you feel safe, heard, and respected. I have a relational style, meaning you will receive feedback from me, and never feel like you're talking to a blank wall. We all share an intrinsic longing for hope, wholeness, empowerment, and meaning. It's my privilege to help clients nourish that longing into a drive; to help them gain a sense of mastery and direction in their own lives.
(510) 974-7870 View (510) 974-7870
Barbara Jean A Douglass
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, PhD
Verified Verified
Emeryville, CA 94608  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and PhD with 15 years experience working with adults, children and youth. My goal is to help you in your path towards feeling better, and experiencing an improved sense of confidence, self-esteem and functioning in your life. My approach is one of respect, warmth, and attention to the dignity of every person. I utilize a humanistic and person-centered perspective, and maintain a psychodynamic framework for understanding my clients' emotional and therapeutic needs, to help you learn coping skills, and help you explore your options towards recovering a stronger sense of self, identity, spirituality, and balance.
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and PhD with 15 years experience working with adults, children and youth. My goal is to help you in your path towards feeling better, and experiencing an improved sense of confidence, self-esteem and functioning in your life. My approach is one of respect, warmth, and attention to the dignity of every person. I utilize a humanistic and person-centered perspective, and maintain a psychodynamic framework for understanding my clients' emotional and therapeutic needs, to help you learn coping skills, and help you explore your options towards recovering a stronger sense of self, identity, spirituality, and balance.
(510) 949-3983 View (510) 949-3983
Photo of Mercy De Vault, Marriage & Family Therapist in Emeryville, CA
Mercy De Vault
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Emeryville, CA 94608
I choose to use an approach that is respectful, non-blaming, and collaborative. We live our lives through stories. Often times, these stories no longer align with our values and beliefs. This is where problems emerge and attach themselves to our stories. By gaining some distance from the problem, we can begin to change our relationship with the problem and discover preferred ways of being that closely align with our beliefs. I aim to empower my clients by positioning them as experts in their lives in a non-pathologizing, inclusive environment, where the problem is the problem and we together find the solution.
I choose to use an approach that is respectful, non-blaming, and collaborative. We live our lives through stories. Often times, these stories no longer align with our values and beliefs. This is where problems emerge and attach themselves to our stories. By gaining some distance from the problem, we can begin to change our relationship with the problem and discover preferred ways of being that closely align with our beliefs. I aim to empower my clients by positioning them as experts in their lives in a non-pathologizing, inclusive environment, where the problem is the problem and we together find the solution.
(510) 422-1767 View (510) 422-1767
Photo of Kimberly Medina, Marriage & Family Therapist in Emeryville, CA
Kimberly Medina
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Emeryville, CA 94662  (Online Only)
Welcome! As a licensed therapist I am continually inspired by witnessing clients make sense of difficult life experiences, past or present. Maybe this is a starting point for you and you are new to therapy, or recommitting to therapy after a break. Perhaps mental health issues (like depression or anxiety) were not discussed in the family or community in which you grew up, or you have had difficulty reaching out for help for other reasons. Sometimes what holds people back from seeking help is self judgment (‘I should be able to handle this’), or fear that things won’t improve. You are certainly not alone, and help is available.
Welcome! As a licensed therapist I am continually inspired by witnessing clients make sense of difficult life experiences, past or present. Maybe this is a starting point for you and you are new to therapy, or recommitting to therapy after a break. Perhaps mental health issues (like depression or anxiety) were not discussed in the family or community in which you grew up, or you have had difficulty reaching out for help for other reasons. Sometimes what holds people back from seeking help is self judgment (‘I should be able to handle this’), or fear that things won’t improve. You are certainly not alone, and help is available.
(510) 327-3339 View (510) 327-3339
Photo of John Hal Brownson, Marriage & Family Therapist in Emeryville, CA
John Hal Brownson
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
Emeryville, CA 94608  (Online Only)
Anxiety. It's part of the human experience, but too much of it, experienced for too long, wears us down, affecting both our mental and physical health. If you are isolating, cutting yourself off from friends and the world; if you spend too much of your time trying to mute your anxiety with drugs, TV, the internet; if you lie awake counting catastrophes and replaying the day's missteps, I can help. Take a couple of long, slow, deep breaths, and call me. Let's talk.
Anxiety. It's part of the human experience, but too much of it, experienced for too long, wears us down, affecting both our mental and physical health. If you are isolating, cutting yourself off from friends and the world; if you spend too much of your time trying to mute your anxiety with drugs, TV, the internet; if you lie awake counting catastrophes and replaying the day's missteps, I can help. Take a couple of long, slow, deep breaths, and call me. Let's talk.
(510) 757-9657 View (510) 757-9657
Photo of Eleanor Lew, Marriage & Family Therapist in Emeryville, CA
Eleanor Lew
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA
Verified Verified
Emeryville, CA 94608
I listen deeply, with compassion and without judgment, to give you a place where you feel safe to express thoughts and feelings, My strength is how I work, using minimal interpretations but instead allowing your inner core to experience the genuineness of your own truth when it surfaces. I thus avoid diagnostic labels and preconceptions. Love and work is how we express ourselves. I hope you will let me help you with relationship issues, both in love and at work. My goal is to help you discover your inner creativity and resilience.
I listen deeply, with compassion and without judgment, to give you a place where you feel safe to express thoughts and feelings, My strength is how I work, using minimal interpretations but instead allowing your inner core to experience the genuineness of your own truth when it surfaces. I thus avoid diagnostic labels and preconceptions. Love and work is how we express ourselves. I hope you will let me help you with relationship issues, both in love and at work. My goal is to help you discover your inner creativity and resilience.
(510) 400-7417 View (510) 400-7417
Photo of Valerie V Veza, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Emeryville, CA
Valerie V Veza
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CHT
Verified Verified
Emeryville, CA 94608  (Online Only)
My intention is to create a comfortable, safe space for clients to explore, heal and grow. I have years of experience helping individuals in crisis due to a wide variety of life's challenges and traumas. I help those of you who suffer from physical pain, anxiety, depression, emotional crisis, stress, trauma, PTSD and many other common symptoms . My approach is tailoring my experience and skills in a compassionate, honest and direct manner, to facilitate your experience to balance, self-acceptance and wholeness.
My intention is to create a comfortable, safe space for clients to explore, heal and grow. I have years of experience helping individuals in crisis due to a wide variety of life's challenges and traumas. I help those of you who suffer from physical pain, anxiety, depression, emotional crisis, stress, trauma, PTSD and many other common symptoms . My approach is tailoring my experience and skills in a compassionate, honest and direct manner, to facilitate your experience to balance, self-acceptance and wholeness.
(510) 878-4260 View (510) 878-4260
Photo of Sairanet Oliveros, Marriage & Family Therapist in Emeryville, CA
Sairanet Oliveros
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Emeryville, CA 94608
Sairanet Oliveros is a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in California who has been practicing since 2018. She graduated with a Master of Art's in Counseling. Sairanet's therapeutic approach is deeply relational and warm. Her goal is to offer an authentic and compassionate space that will support your navigation through life’s complexities and create lasting transformation. Outside of work, Sairanet enjoys spending time with family and friends, being outdoors in nature, and watching Netflix.
Sairanet Oliveros is a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in California who has been practicing since 2018. She graduated with a Master of Art's in Counseling. Sairanet's therapeutic approach is deeply relational and warm. Her goal is to offer an authentic and compassionate space that will support your navigation through life’s complexities and create lasting transformation. Outside of work, Sairanet enjoys spending time with family and friends, being outdoors in nature, and watching Netflix.
(510) 984-9452 View (510) 984-9452
Photo of Jody Ann Sollazzo, Counselor in Emeryville, CA
Jody Ann Sollazzo
Counselor, LPCC, MA
Verified Verified
Emeryville, CA 94608  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I enjoy working with motivated people who feel stuck. Often they are in a transition or a loss. The loss can be great or small. (ex. death, break-up, job, disability/health, identity change, end-of-friendship) People who desire connection who often feel alone (even if they are close with others.) People who want to either strengthen or change their relationships whether it's in work, family, romantic, or platonic. Flawed perfectionists and people with imposter syndrome are always welcome!
I enjoy working with motivated people who feel stuck. Often they are in a transition or a loss. The loss can be great or small. (ex. death, break-up, job, disability/health, identity change, end-of-friendship) People who desire connection who often feel alone (even if they are close with others.) People who want to either strengthen or change their relationships whether it's in work, family, romantic, or platonic. Flawed perfectionists and people with imposter syndrome are always welcome!
(341) 766-0917 View (341) 766-0917
Photo of Maegan Willan, Marriage & Family Therapist in Emeryville, CA
Maegan Willan
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
Emeryville, CA 94608
Whatever you have lived through--healing is possible. I provide therapy for people living outside of the mainstream, whether because of values and ideals or personal identity. Therapy with me doesn't require that you or I believe there is anything wrong with you. Instead it is a place where both of us work collaboratively and creatively to develop an environment where you can take more and more risks to be yourself. It is a place to keep growing. It is a place to get real about what matters to you and what challenges you. Keywords: radical, queer, artists, activists, social justice, progressive
Whatever you have lived through--healing is possible. I provide therapy for people living outside of the mainstream, whether because of values and ideals or personal identity. Therapy with me doesn't require that you or I believe there is anything wrong with you. Instead it is a place where both of us work collaboratively and creatively to develop an environment where you can take more and more risks to be yourself. It is a place to keep growing. It is a place to get real about what matters to you and what challenges you. Keywords: radical, queer, artists, activists, social justice, progressive
(510) 248-4807 View (510) 248-4807

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Emeryville, CA

100+

Average cost per session

$190

Therapists in Emeryville, CA who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
88% Depression
73% Relationship Issues
72% Trauma and PTSD
70% Grief
59% Self Esteem
57% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

76% Aetna
54% Anthem | Elevance
51% MHN | Health Net

How Therapists in Emeryville, CA see their clients

58% In Person and Online
42% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
19% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Emeryville?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.