Counselling in RG42

Photo of Karen Lesley Horrocks, Psychotherapist in RG42, England
Karen Lesley Horrocks
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified
My particular interests are: helping men and women who have suffered trauma, from mental, physical and sexual abuse; and working with couples - around commmunication and relationship issues. Providing a safe, supportive space, I employ a Relational Approach, using the unique therapeutic relationship between me and each client as a way for us to mutually understand the personal dynamics of each person - how they interact with themselves, and with the world - and to help facilitate personal change. Through our therapeutic relationship we can help change patterns of thinking, feeling and behaviour causing pain and distress.
My particular interests are: helping men and women who have suffered trauma, from mental, physical and sexual abuse; and working with couples - around commmunication and relationship issues. Providing a safe, supportive space, I employ a Relational Approach, using the unique therapeutic relationship between me and each client as a way for us to mutually understand the personal dynamics of each person - how they interact with themselves, and with the world - and to help facilitate personal change. Through our therapeutic relationship we can help change patterns of thinking, feeling and behaviour causing pain and distress.
View
Photo of Dr Mandeep Bachu, Psychologist in RG42, England
Dr Mandeep Bachu
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified
I am a clinical psychologist trained in a diverse range of therapeutic models including Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) with a special interest in Schema Therapy. I have received formal training in Cognitive Analytic Therapy (CAT) as well as experience of delivering Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT) interventions. I have 11 years of experience working within the NHS with children and adults with a range of psychological difficulties including anxiety, depression, and personality disorders.
I am a clinical psychologist trained in a diverse range of therapeutic models including Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) with a special interest in Schema Therapy. I have received formal training in Cognitive Analytic Therapy (CAT) as well as experience of delivering Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT) interventions. I have 11 years of experience working within the NHS with children and adults with a range of psychological difficulties including anxiety, depression, and personality disorders.
01344 951923 View 01344 951923
Photo of Emma Rigby, Psychologist in RG42, England
Emma Rigby
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified
Thank you for taking the time to view my profile and find out more about my experience as a therapist and how I practice.  If you, or someone you care about are struggling, and certain aspects of life are feeling overwhelming, reaching out for help is such an important first step. Many of us are affected by mental health issues at some point in life, through our own experiences, or somebody close to us. I am dedicated in helping you to better understand these difficulties and to provide you with the tools you need to achieve emotional wellbeing.
Thank you for taking the time to view my profile and find out more about my experience as a therapist and how I practice.  If you, or someone you care about are struggling, and certain aspects of life are feeling overwhelming, reaching out for help is such an important first step. Many of us are affected by mental health issues at some point in life, through our own experiences, or somebody close to us. I am dedicated in helping you to better understand these difficulties and to provide you with the tools you need to achieve emotional wellbeing.
01344 959630 View 01344 959630
Photo of Shahajra Ahmad, Counsellor in RG42, England
Shahajra Ahmad
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Life is full of its ups and downs, and during the difficult times it may feel, for some, that there is no one to turn to. It can be daunting asking for help and sometimes it feels like no one understands what we are going through. However this does not need to be the case, as you can get support and understanding through counselling. It's really about finding the right counselling relationships- if you've tried before and it didn't work... it was the wrong therapeutic realtionship- please don't give up, You are worth not giving up for.
Life is full of its ups and downs, and during the difficult times it may feel, for some, that there is no one to turn to. It can be daunting asking for help and sometimes it feels like no one understands what we are going through. However this does not need to be the case, as you can get support and understanding through counselling. It's really about finding the right counselling relationships- if you've tried before and it didn't work... it was the wrong therapeutic realtionship- please don't give up, You are worth not giving up for.
01344 595695 View 01344 595695
Photo of Neil Louis Loffhagen, Counsellor in RG42, England
Neil Louis Loffhagen
Counsellor, PNCPS Acc.
Verified
As a Gender, Sexual, Sex and Relationship Diversity Therapist, my aim is to help you explore all aspects of your gender, sexuality, and relationships. I offer full acceptance of who you are. I will work positively with you and support your gender and sexuality. Whatever you bring I feel we will be able to explore together, leading to greater self-acceptance, plus greater personal peace. No issue is considered more important than another. Every area you bring is of unique importance. We are each unique, so the way we work together will be unique. My aim is to help you in your journey.
As a Gender, Sexual, Sex and Relationship Diversity Therapist, my aim is to help you explore all aspects of your gender, sexuality, and relationships. I offer full acceptance of who you are. I will work positively with you and support your gender and sexuality. Whatever you bring I feel we will be able to explore together, leading to greater self-acceptance, plus greater personal peace. No issue is considered more important than another. Every area you bring is of unique importance. We are each unique, so the way we work together will be unique. My aim is to help you in your journey.
01344 595533 View 01344 595533
Photo of Sarah Boylan, Counsellor in RG42, England
Sarah Boylan
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MBACP Accred
Verified
I support clients who are experiencing anxiety, depression, relationship difficulties or who are struggling with a life event. I aim to build a therapeutic relationship with you that is unique to you and offers what you need. We would carefully work at a pace and depth governed by you, to explore coping strategies and understand what has gone on in the past, what is going wrong now and have the ultimate goal of empowering you to find greater control over your life and a different way forward to a better place.
I support clients who are experiencing anxiety, depression, relationship difficulties or who are struggling with a life event. I aim to build a therapeutic relationship with you that is unique to you and offers what you need. We would carefully work at a pace and depth governed by you, to explore coping strategies and understand what has gone on in the past, what is going wrong now and have the ultimate goal of empowering you to find greater control over your life and a different way forward to a better place.
01344 949612 View 01344 949612
Photo of Jo-Anne Karlsson, Psychologist in RG42, England
Jo-Anne Karlsson
Psychologist, MSc, GMBPsS
Verified
A confidential, non-judgmental space where you can explore positive and challenging aspects of your life and any change you wish to explore or make. I have personal experience in sexual, physical, emotional and mental abuse; divorce; living with a Narcissist; step-parenting and living in an Ex-pat community. The approaches I predominantly use are Solution Focused, Bowenian Systemic approach, Brainspotting or Equine Facilitated Psychotherapy (EFP). All approaches work with clients, though I have found 'Walk and Talk' or EFP best for adolescents or those suffering with PTSD or Trauma, along with Brainspotting.
A confidential, non-judgmental space where you can explore positive and challenging aspects of your life and any change you wish to explore or make. I have personal experience in sexual, physical, emotional and mental abuse; divorce; living with a Narcissist; step-parenting and living in an Ex-pat community. The approaches I predominantly use are Solution Focused, Bowenian Systemic approach, Brainspotting or Equine Facilitated Psychotherapy (EFP). All approaches work with clients, though I have found 'Walk and Talk' or EFP best for adolescents or those suffering with PTSD or Trauma, along with Brainspotting.
01344 567575 View 01344 567575
Photo of Julie Scully, Psychotherapist in RG42, England
Julie Scully
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified
We can all at times experience life as challenging and stressful. Clients contact me for a variety of reasons including:partners of childhood sexual abuse survivors, anxiety, work stress, bereavement, depression, low self-esteem, relationship difficulties, loss of direction as well as wellbeing for men. Couples also come to my practice. Some come to improve how they communicate, some wish to find a way through their current difficulties and to find a way forward, some wish to separate with compassion and understanding, whereas others come to keep their communication open via couple tune up sessions after the main therapy has ended.
We can all at times experience life as challenging and stressful. Clients contact me for a variety of reasons including:partners of childhood sexual abuse survivors, anxiety, work stress, bereavement, depression, low self-esteem, relationship difficulties, loss of direction as well as wellbeing for men. Couples also come to my practice. Some come to improve how they communicate, some wish to find a way through their current difficulties and to find a way forward, some wish to separate with compassion and understanding, whereas others come to keep their communication open via couple tune up sessions after the main therapy has ended.
01344 595434 View 01344 595434
Photo of Sarah Comerford, Counsellor in RG42, England
Sarah Comerford
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
People come to counselling for many different reasons. You may have something specific that you are looking to change or gain help with. It may be that you're feeling stuck, experiencing feelings of depression, anxiety, uncertainty and/or feeling overwhelmed. You may have or are still experiencing a traumatic time in your life. Maybe you are looking for an opportunity to get to know yourself better. Counselling allows you to do all of these things, it is a time and space for you. It is an invitation to escape distractions, pressures and your external demands and explore who you are.
People come to counselling for many different reasons. You may have something specific that you are looking to change or gain help with. It may be that you're feeling stuck, experiencing feelings of depression, anxiety, uncertainty and/or feeling overwhelmed. You may have or are still experiencing a traumatic time in your life. Maybe you are looking for an opportunity to get to know yourself better. Counselling allows you to do all of these things, it is a time and space for you. It is an invitation to escape distractions, pressures and your external demands and explore who you are.
01344 596171 View 01344 596171
Photo of Dr Luke Bosdet, Psychologist in RG42, England
Dr Luke Bosdet
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified
My name is Dr Luke Bosdet and I am a Principal Clinical Psychologist registered with the Health Care Professions Council (HCPC). I provide private psychological therapy in Wokingham and online. I have worked in the NHS in psychologist roles since 2012 and now lead an NHS team that works with severe and enduring mental health issues. I have substantial experience and specialism from working with a large variety of mental health issues, from mild to severe, recent to longstanding, and I can help you understand what you may be struggling with and make changes for the better.
My name is Dr Luke Bosdet and I am a Principal Clinical Psychologist registered with the Health Care Professions Council (HCPC). I provide private psychological therapy in Wokingham and online. I have worked in the NHS in psychologist roles since 2012 and now lead an NHS team that works with severe and enduring mental health issues. I have substantial experience and specialism from working with a large variety of mental health issues, from mild to severe, recent to longstanding, and I can help you understand what you may be struggling with and make changes for the better.
View
Photo of Janine Bloomfield, Counsellor in RG42, England
Janine Bloomfield
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified
I support Children and Young People with counselling through face to face conversations, therapeutic exploration and / or play. This enables a child or young person to express, explore and make sense of events and experiences that are hard to verbalise or articulate. It is a non-directive and client-centred approach to therapy that allows the client the opportunity to play out, talk about and work through feelings and emotions within a safe and therapeutic environment.
I support Children and Young People with counselling through face to face conversations, therapeutic exploration and / or play. This enables a child or young person to express, explore and make sense of events and experiences that are hard to verbalise or articulate. It is a non-directive and client-centred approach to therapy that allows the client the opportunity to play out, talk about and work through feelings and emotions within a safe and therapeutic environment.
0118 230 9376 View 0118 230 9376
Photo of Havers Counselling , Counsellor in RG42, England
Havers Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
1 Endorsed
I survived a deafening and destructively powerful hurricane named Irma, when fear and loss dramatically changed my life and perspectives forever. If there's so much noise in your head it's hard to think, you'll be needing to make the changes you know you must. Do you want to gain a better understanding of what’s causing these negative challenges and narratives? By working together honestly and creatively, I can help you gain an insight into the difficulties you're facing with life and relationships, help you understand why you act or react to stressors in the way you do, and enable you to face the varied stages of change and growth.
I survived a deafening and destructively powerful hurricane named Irma, when fear and loss dramatically changed my life and perspectives forever. If there's so much noise in your head it's hard to think, you'll be needing to make the changes you know you must. Do you want to gain a better understanding of what’s causing these negative challenges and narratives? By working together honestly and creatively, I can help you gain an insight into the difficulties you're facing with life and relationships, help you understand why you act or react to stressors in the way you do, and enable you to face the varied stages of change and growth.
01344 951017 View 01344 951017
Photo of Abi Gray, Counsellor in RG42, England
Abi Gray
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
As an experienced and qualified counsellor, I will help you to make sense of what's happening in your life as I believe that this understanding will open up options for you to move forwards and past the uncomfortable feelings you are experiencing. You might be wanting to deal with past/current difficult and distressing experiences; improve personal or work relationships; overcome fears or anxieties; develop confidence or self-esteem; or find more purpose, motivation or fulfilment in your life.
As an experienced and qualified counsellor, I will help you to make sense of what's happening in your life as I believe that this understanding will open up options for you to move forwards and past the uncomfortable feelings you are experiencing. You might be wanting to deal with past/current difficult and distressing experiences; improve personal or work relationships; overcome fears or anxieties; develop confidence or self-esteem; or find more purpose, motivation or fulfilment in your life.
01344 949716 View 01344 949716
Photo of Jenny Horman, Psychotherapist in RG42, England
Jenny Horman
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Are you feeling stressed, unhappy, or does life just seem too challenging at the moment? ​ Do you find it difficult to find or keep happy fulfilling relationships? ​ Would you like to be able to talk about your difficulties in a calm and confidential space? ​I am a fully qualified and experienced psychotherapist and counsellor, and I run my private practice from a comfortable and safe room in my home in Crowthorne, Berkshire. From my previous role as a rape and sexual abuse counsellor, I have considerable experience in working with clients who may have experienced trauma either in childhood or as an adult.
Are you feeling stressed, unhappy, or does life just seem too challenging at the moment? ​ Do you find it difficult to find or keep happy fulfilling relationships? ​ Would you like to be able to talk about your difficulties in a calm and confidential space? ​I am a fully qualified and experienced psychotherapist and counsellor, and I run my private practice from a comfortable and safe room in my home in Crowthorne, Berkshire. From my previous role as a rape and sexual abuse counsellor, I have considerable experience in working with clients who may have experienced trauma either in childhood or as an adult.
01344 949281 View 01344 949281
Photo of Vanessa Boudier, Counsellor in RG42, England
Vanessa Boudier
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified
It's a natural part of life that at times we experience some challenges, disruptions, stressors or significant life changes. When this happens it can feel overwhelming. Returning to an even keel can be supported with the help of a tried, tested and trusted integrative counsellor. With over 20 years of full time experience plus providing supervision to other therapists, I can offer you an unbiased, experienced and confidential space for you to work through and get back on track using any of Counselling, NLP, Hypnotherapy, EMDR helping you to return to a more balanced, calmer life. Feel free to call me anytime.
It's a natural part of life that at times we experience some challenges, disruptions, stressors or significant life changes. When this happens it can feel overwhelming. Returning to an even keel can be supported with the help of a tried, tested and trusted integrative counsellor. With over 20 years of full time experience plus providing supervision to other therapists, I can offer you an unbiased, experienced and confidential space for you to work through and get back on track using any of Counselling, NLP, Hypnotherapy, EMDR helping you to return to a more balanced, calmer life. Feel free to call me anytime.
0118 214 0859 View 0118 214 0859
Photo of Paolo Imbalzano, Psychotherapist in RG42, England
Paolo Imbalzano
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified
1 Endorsed
I am an integrative psychotherapist with a primary training in Relational Transactional Analysis Psychotherapy (Certified Transactional Analyst in Psychotherapy-CTA-P) and supplementary full training in Sensorimotor Psychotherapy (Level 1 and Level 2) and EMDR. I also hold a Diploma in Psychotherapeutic Counselling and am a Master NLP Practitioner (prior to become a psychotherapist I practiced as a Coach since 2007). I have treated clients with a large variety of conditions - see https://www.presentingpast.co.uk/overview-five.
I am an integrative psychotherapist with a primary training in Relational Transactional Analysis Psychotherapy (Certified Transactional Analyst in Psychotherapy-CTA-P) and supplementary full training in Sensorimotor Psychotherapy (Level 1 and Level 2) and EMDR. I also hold a Diploma in Psychotherapeutic Counselling and am a Master NLP Practitioner (prior to become a psychotherapist I practiced as a Coach since 2007). I have treated clients with a large variety of conditions - see https://www.presentingpast.co.uk/overview-five.
01344 595575 View 01344 595575
Photo of Isobel Neve, Counsellor in RG42, England
Isobel Neve
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
1 Endorsed
I love helping people to find out more about themselves and recognise their worth. I know that understanding your struggles can be confusing and stressful, but I also know that there’s hope. This can involve helping you to explore your own issues, history, feelings, beliefs, behaviour, values and worldview, so you can become more self-aware and confident in making your own choices. I won't try to 'fix' you or tell you what to do but can help you see that you have options. With the right support, I believe you can make sense of what's happening for you now and get back to feeling like yourself again.
I love helping people to find out more about themselves and recognise their worth. I know that understanding your struggles can be confusing and stressful, but I also know that there’s hope. This can involve helping you to explore your own issues, history, feelings, beliefs, behaviour, values and worldview, so you can become more self-aware and confident in making your own choices. I won't try to 'fix' you or tell you what to do but can help you see that you have options. With the right support, I believe you can make sense of what's happening for you now and get back to feeling like yourself again.
0118 230 6000 View 0118 230 6000
Photo of Becky Shave, Counsellor in RG42, England
Becky Shave
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
In our modern society there are so many potential situations where life can become difficult without warning. Some people may have experienced difficulties throughout the whole of their lives, some may have experienced changes to their circumstances that have led to difficulties arising in their teens, 20s, 30s or further into adulthood. Some people may not even have been aware that their circumstances and experiences have led them to a place where they needed help. Whatever a person’s life experiences, everyone deserves an opportunity to heal, develop a stronger sense of self, or just understand themselves better.
In our modern society there are so many potential situations where life can become difficult without warning. Some people may have experienced difficulties throughout the whole of their lives, some may have experienced changes to their circumstances that have led to difficulties arising in their teens, 20s, 30s or further into adulthood. Some people may not even have been aware that their circumstances and experiences have led them to a place where they needed help. Whatever a person’s life experiences, everyone deserves an opportunity to heal, develop a stronger sense of self, or just understand themselves better.
01276 537711 View 01276 537711
Photo of Marilyn Soghomonian, Counsellor in RG42, England
Marilyn Soghomonian
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
I offer Professional, Compassionate & Confidential Counselling & Supervision in Reading Berkshire. I work one-to-one with adults over the age of 18. Counselling offers you a unique opportunity to explore your thoughts, feelings and difficulties in a safe and non-judgmental environment where you feel understood and accepted for who you truly are. Working with a counsellor can enable you to resolve internal conflicts that prevent you from being your authentic self and to process any unresolved issues from your past.
I offer Professional, Compassionate & Confidential Counselling & Supervision in Reading Berkshire. I work one-to-one with adults over the age of 18. Counselling offers you a unique opportunity to explore your thoughts, feelings and difficulties in a safe and non-judgmental environment where you feel understood and accepted for who you truly are. Working with a counsellor can enable you to resolve internal conflicts that prevent you from being your authentic self and to process any unresolved issues from your past.
0118 207 2624 View 0118 207 2624
Photo of Dr Charlotte Couldrey, Psychologist in RG42, England
Dr Charlotte Couldrey
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified
I am an experienced specialist Clinical Psychologist with 20 years of NHS and private practice working with young people and adults with a range of emotional difficulties. I am able to offer clinical assessment followed by a bespoke treatment package for a range of emotional difficulties including anxiety disorders, autism, depression, anger problems, stress, relationship difficulties, adjustment, trauma, eating disorders, sleeping difficulties, emotion regulation difficulties and personality disorders. I am a specialist in providing individualised care and offering a flexible, tailor made approach to your difficulties.
I am an experienced specialist Clinical Psychologist with 20 years of NHS and private practice working with young people and adults with a range of emotional difficulties. I am able to offer clinical assessment followed by a bespoke treatment package for a range of emotional difficulties including anxiety disorders, autism, depression, anger problems, stress, relationship difficulties, adjustment, trauma, eating disorders, sleeping difficulties, emotion regulation difficulties and personality disorders. I am a specialist in providing individualised care and offering a flexible, tailor made approach to your difficulties.
01344 231736 View 01344 231736

See more therapy options for RG42

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in RG42

20+

Average cost per session

£70

Counsellors in RG42 who prioritize treating:

96% Anxiety
92% Self Esteem
92% Stress
88% Relationship Issues
88% Depression
79% Trauma and PTSD
71% Peer Relationships

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

86% Vitality
71% Aviva
71% AXA PPP

How Counsellors in RG42 see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

76% Female
20% Male
4% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in RG42?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.