Therapists in Orlando, FL

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Photo of Rick Adams, PhD, MS, LMHC, Counselor
Rick Adams
Counselor, PhD, MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32806
Hurting? In need of guidance and direction? In need of "real" therapy and "real" results or simply in need of counseling that works. For more than 26 years, I have had the opportunity to work with a multitude of cases and human behaviors that seek to hinder personal performance and individual capability. It is my desire to assist individuals, families, marriages and professionals holistically (physically, psychologically, emotionally, socially and spiritually) to achieve their GOD given potential.
Hurting? In need of guidance and direction? In need of "real" therapy and "real" results or simply in need of counseling that works. For more than 26 years, I have had the opportunity to work with a multitude of cases and human behaviors that seek to hinder personal performance and individual capability. It is my desire to assist individuals, families, marriages and professionals holistically (physically, psychologically, emotionally, socially and spiritually) to achieve their GOD given potential.
(407) 214-3415 View (407) 214-3415
Photo of Susan Hansen-Engelhard, LMHC, Counselor
Susan Hansen-Engelhard
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32819
Are you dealing with trauma, anxiety, difficult childhood experiences, problematic family dynamics, marriage or relationship issues, divorce, difficulty in making decisions, depression, military/abuse trauma, pain management, and unhealthy relationships? Are you dissatisfied with your career path? Is military life or military family life part of your clinical picture?
Are you dealing with trauma, anxiety, difficult childhood experiences, problematic family dynamics, marriage or relationship issues, divorce, difficulty in making decisions, depression, military/abuse trauma, pain management, and unhealthy relationships? Are you dissatisfied with your career path? Is military life or military family life part of your clinical picture?
(407) 901-5693 View (407) 901-5693
Photo of Olushola Thomas, RMHCI, RMFTI, Pre-Licensed Professional
Olushola Thomas
Pre-Licensed Professional, RMHCI, RMFTI
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Orlando, FL 32822
It is through sharing our deepest fears, struggles, and aspirations that we create a space for healing to unfold. I encourage my clients to embrace vulnerability as a strength, a source of power that allows us to connect with our own humanity and the shared experiences of others. By creating a non-judgmental space, I aim to support clients as they navigate their unique journeys toward self-discovery and healing. Having worked in a residential substance abuse treatment center for men, I have gained valuable experience in supporting individuals facing addiction and mental health challenges.
It is through sharing our deepest fears, struggles, and aspirations that we create a space for healing to unfold. I encourage my clients to embrace vulnerability as a strength, a source of power that allows us to connect with our own humanity and the shared experiences of others. By creating a non-judgmental space, I aim to support clients as they navigate their unique journeys toward self-discovery and healing. Having worked in a residential substance abuse treatment center for men, I have gained valuable experience in supporting individuals facing addiction and mental health challenges.
(321) 384-5568 View (321) 384-5568
Photo of Lizette Mollinea, LMHC, Counselor
Lizette Mollinea
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32826  (Online Only)
Welcome to my practice! I treat a variety of issues and specialize in anxiety, work stress, life transitions, disordered eating, and body image. Reaching out for help takes courage and together we will work on your goals for therapy, create a treatment plan that fits your life, and identify better ways to cope. I utilize a flexible counseling method that is specific to you and your needs. Services are provided via a secure telehealth platform. This option allows you the privacy and flexibility to have our session at the location of your choice.
Welcome to my practice! I treat a variety of issues and specialize in anxiety, work stress, life transitions, disordered eating, and body image. Reaching out for help takes courage and together we will work on your goals for therapy, create a treatment plan that fits your life, and identify better ways to cope. I utilize a flexible counseling method that is specific to you and your needs. Services are provided via a secure telehealth platform. This option allows you the privacy and flexibility to have our session at the location of your choice.
(321) 701-0081 View (321) 701-0081
Photo of undefined - Beautiful Rose Therapy & Tutoring Services, Counselor
Beautiful Rose Therapy & Tutoring Services
Counselor
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Orlando, FL 32868  (Online Only)
Hi! My name is Roslyn and I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor and Special Educator working with children, teens, young adults and families since 2005. My experience includes promoting the emotional, behavioral, and developmental well-being of children and families in the Central Florida area.
Hi! My name is Roslyn and I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor and Special Educator working with children, teens, young adults and families since 2005. My experience includes promoting the emotional, behavioral, and developmental well-being of children and families in the Central Florida area.
(407) 794-3228 View (407) 794-3228
Photo of Elayne Soler-Cummings, LCSW, RPT, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Elayne Soler-Cummings
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, RPT
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32809  (Online Only)
I work with children, teens, & adults using telehealth. I have experience & passion for working with all of these age groups. I enjoy working with youth that are guarded, have lots of attitude, problems with behaviors, self-esteem, mood, or focus difficulties. I also really love working with adults that need help with relationships, learning to say no, setting boundaries, and adjusting to changes in life. I like offering a compassionate ear to individuals presenting with anxieties, traumas, and depressed moods. I want to help build skills & fulfillment in domains including work, relationships, family, activities, and sense of self.
I work with children, teens, & adults using telehealth. I have experience & passion for working with all of these age groups. I enjoy working with youth that are guarded, have lots of attitude, problems with behaviors, self-esteem, mood, or focus difficulties. I also really love working with adults that need help with relationships, learning to say no, setting boundaries, and adjusting to changes in life. I like offering a compassionate ear to individuals presenting with anxieties, traumas, and depressed moods. I want to help build skills & fulfillment in domains including work, relationships, family, activities, and sense of self.
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Photo of Dorian E. Race, LMHC, MS, Counselor
Dorian E. Race
Counselor, LMHC, MS
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32814
Do you feel overwhelmed by life? Struggling to find the joy? Wondering what it all means? I am devoted to providing a safe and loving space for you to discuss your deepest concerns and challenges without fear of judgment or misunderstanding. With over 30 years of experience in the healthcare helping professions, I have an authentic, candid interest in understanding your perspective and supporting you as you learn to make the changes that will lead you closer to the life that you desire and deserve.
Do you feel overwhelmed by life? Struggling to find the joy? Wondering what it all means? I am devoted to providing a safe and loving space for you to discuss your deepest concerns and challenges without fear of judgment or misunderstanding. With over 30 years of experience in the healthcare helping professions, I have an authentic, candid interest in understanding your perspective and supporting you as you learn to make the changes that will lead you closer to the life that you desire and deserve.
(407) 603-3828 View (407) 603-3828
Photo of Chad Jenkins, LMHC, Counselor
Chad Jenkins
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32835  (Online Only)
Chad Jenkins is a Licensed Mental Health Counselor (LMHC) who has years of experience working with all types of clients. He specializes in anxiety, anger management, depression, substance abuse, stress management, cognitive behavioral therapy, men's issues, ADD/ADHD, life problems, and adjustment disorders.
Chad Jenkins is a Licensed Mental Health Counselor (LMHC) who has years of experience working with all types of clients. He specializes in anxiety, anger management, depression, substance abuse, stress management, cognitive behavioral therapy, men's issues, ADD/ADHD, life problems, and adjustment disorders.
(407) 833-6610 View (407) 833-6610
Photo of Elizabeth Yoak, MA, LMHC, NCC
Elizabeth Yoak
Mental Health Counselor, MA, LMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Orlando, FL 32801
You're anxious, overwhelmed, and on edge. You've tried to get out of this spiral of anxiety and nervousness, but you don't know what else to do to stop it. Every day seems to be filled with tension, nerves, and a sense of being unable to relax. You're so tired of feeling this way and have realized that you may need help from someone else to get you out of this seemingly never-ending loop of anxiousness. I am glad that you're here looking for help. Together, we can help you overcome this tiring feeling of anxiety that you face every day.
You're anxious, overwhelmed, and on edge. You've tried to get out of this spiral of anxiety and nervousness, but you don't know what else to do to stop it. Every day seems to be filled with tension, nerves, and a sense of being unable to relax. You're so tired of feeling this way and have realized that you may need help from someone else to get you out of this seemingly never-ending loop of anxiousness. I am glad that you're here looking for help. Together, we can help you overcome this tiring feeling of anxiety that you face every day.
(352) 364-8657 View (352) 364-8657
Photo of Amanda R McCloud, LMHC, Counselor
Amanda R McCloud
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32801  (Online Only)
Life is filled with ups and downs. As a licensed mental health counselor, I enjoy helping people gain balance in their lives by assisting them with navigating through various life challenges in a nonjudgmental way. My goal is to empower you on your journey to overcome your challenges and live your best life. I have had the honor of being a part of the healing process for many sexual trauma survivors for over 15 years. I have also been honored to assist parents and adolescence in gaining healthy relationships.
Life is filled with ups and downs. As a licensed mental health counselor, I enjoy helping people gain balance in their lives by assisting them with navigating through various life challenges in a nonjudgmental way. My goal is to empower you on your journey to overcome your challenges and live your best life. I have had the honor of being a part of the healing process for many sexual trauma survivors for over 15 years. I have also been honored to assist parents and adolescence in gaining healthy relationships.
(407) 598-5687 View (407) 598-5687
Photo of Nancy Ann Pena, LCSW-S, PhD(c), Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Nancy Ann Pena
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-S, PhD(c)
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32825
My practice is 100% disabled veteran owned. Practice is expanding and contracting therapists will be available shortly. Practice will continue to accept private pay and offer payment plans for those struggling to pay fees in full upon each session. What is more, we live in troubling times where difficulties in life may seem insurmountable. Many do not realize however that each of us possess true knowledge and understanding of our own problems. Therapy simply gives the nudge and guides one in finding their own solutions.
My practice is 100% disabled veteran owned. Practice is expanding and contracting therapists will be available shortly. Practice will continue to accept private pay and offer payment plans for those struggling to pay fees in full upon each session. What is more, we live in troubling times where difficulties in life may seem insurmountable. Many do not realize however that each of us possess true knowledge and understanding of our own problems. Therapy simply gives the nudge and guides one in finding their own solutions.
(813) 213-4064 View (813) 213-4064
Photo of Itamara Stocker, MA
Itamara Stocker
Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern, MA
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32822
Are you going through a difficult time? Maybe you're struggling with your faith or searching for meaning in your life. Perhaps you're battling intrusive thoughts, dealing with a toxic relationship, or struggling with past wounds. If you're feeling unheard, overwhelmed, or unmotivated I'm here to help. Picture experiencing a breakthrough in the right direction: feeling purpose & hope, less intrusive thoughts & controlled emotions, a deeper connection with others, or finally facing the past challenges endured. If you're ready to begin a new chapter in your life journey, I would feel honored to walk with you.
Are you going through a difficult time? Maybe you're struggling with your faith or searching for meaning in your life. Perhaps you're battling intrusive thoughts, dealing with a toxic relationship, or struggling with past wounds. If you're feeling unheard, overwhelmed, or unmotivated I'm here to help. Picture experiencing a breakthrough in the right direction: feeling purpose & hope, less intrusive thoughts & controlled emotions, a deeper connection with others, or finally facing the past challenges endured. If you're ready to begin a new chapter in your life journey, I would feel honored to walk with you.
(321) 799-6331 View (321) 799-6331
Photo of Melissa Claire Griffin, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Melissa Claire Griffin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32801  (Online Only)
My goal is to provide a safe space to openly explore barriers that can prevent my clients from maintaining lasting joy in their lives. Inner beliefs, past experiences, and unhealthy relationships are often a central issue we face in learning to live as our whole selves, fully accepted and fully loved. My mission is to help my clients find wholeness and know their inherent worth. I have worked with children, families, gerontology, hospital social work, substance abuse recovery, and hospice. As well as teenage girls, as they navigate healing concerns such as PTSD, anxiety, depression, self-harm, learning disabilities, and self-esteem.
My goal is to provide a safe space to openly explore barriers that can prevent my clients from maintaining lasting joy in their lives. Inner beliefs, past experiences, and unhealthy relationships are often a central issue we face in learning to live as our whole selves, fully accepted and fully loved. My mission is to help my clients find wholeness and know their inherent worth. I have worked with children, families, gerontology, hospital social work, substance abuse recovery, and hospice. As well as teenage girls, as they navigate healing concerns such as PTSD, anxiety, depression, self-harm, learning disabilities, and self-esteem.
(321) 450-8501 View (321) 450-8501
Photo of Micheline Epstein, MD
Micheline Epstein
MD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Orlando, FL 32839  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Struggling with memory loss or brain fog? Having difficulty with thinking or remembering things? I am an experienced physician with expertise in evaluating and treating various neurological conditions, including mild cognitive impairment (MCI), aphasia, Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, and other dementias. I am also experienced in treating long COVID syndrome and its common symptoms of memory loss and brain fog.
Struggling with memory loss or brain fog? Having difficulty with thinking or remembering things? I am an experienced physician with expertise in evaluating and treating various neurological conditions, including mild cognitive impairment (MCI), aphasia, Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, and other dementias. I am also experienced in treating long COVID syndrome and its common symptoms of memory loss and brain fog.
(321) 290-1612 View (321) 290-1612
Photo of Andrea Scott, LMHC, QCS, MCAP, Counselor
Andrea Scott
Counselor, LMHC, QCS, MCAP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Orlando, FL 32804  (Online Only)
It can be challenging to want to make a change, invest in yourself, try to view your life without judgment, and having no idea where to start. Truth be told, you don't need to know where to start, just that you want something to be different. Your willingness to examine yourself is what you bring to sessions and my experience and skill is where I meet you in those sessions. My role is to challenge you when you’re stuck and keep you accountable, providing education and practical skills to use in daily life, and support you through the discomfort of change and vulnerability - and to celebrate the successes that follow.
It can be challenging to want to make a change, invest in yourself, try to view your life without judgment, and having no idea where to start. Truth be told, you don't need to know where to start, just that you want something to be different. Your willingness to examine yourself is what you bring to sessions and my experience and skill is where I meet you in those sessions. My role is to challenge you when you’re stuck and keep you accountable, providing education and practical skills to use in daily life, and support you through the discomfort of change and vulnerability - and to celebrate the successes that follow.
(321) 415-3517 View (321) 415-3517
Photo of Angira Draggon, LMHC, Intern
Angira Draggon
Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern, LMHC, Intern
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Orlando, FL 32822
I believe in a strong therapeutic alliance. The stressors of life can become overwhelming and painful. Everyone can lose their way sometimes. It is my goal to use person-centered, strength- based and solution-focused strategies rooted in mindfulness to help you find your way back. This can be done through a strong partnership in which you play a key role in creating a therapeutic plan to meet your needs and reach your goals towards inner balance.
I believe in a strong therapeutic alliance. The stressors of life can become overwhelming and painful. Everyone can lose their way sometimes. It is my goal to use person-centered, strength- based and solution-focused strategies rooted in mindfulness to help you find your way back. This can be done through a strong partnership in which you play a key role in creating a therapeutic plan to meet your needs and reach your goals towards inner balance.
(321) 204-1902 View (321) 204-1902
Photo of undefined - Serenity Psychotherapy LLC, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Serenity Psychotherapy LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32824  (Online Only)
Getting to the root of your pain, learning to deal with it, building upon your strengths then learning to act versus react to people and events is the goal of our approach. We have a long history of working with diverse populations, who have developed varied problems: Mental Health, Substance Abuse, Marital, Parenting, Occupational, grief and more Our approach is to work with your strengths; help you to develop new views and skills and then organize them into a plan that works in obtaining your goals. As a psychotherapy group practice, we can see just about anyone no matter what you're dealing with.
Getting to the root of your pain, learning to deal with it, building upon your strengths then learning to act versus react to people and events is the goal of our approach. We have a long history of working with diverse populations, who have developed varied problems: Mental Health, Substance Abuse, Marital, Parenting, Occupational, grief and more Our approach is to work with your strengths; help you to develop new views and skills and then organize them into a plan that works in obtaining your goals. As a psychotherapy group practice, we can see just about anyone no matter what you're dealing with.
(321) 730-3998 View (321) 730-3998
Photo of Erin Wibert Carlton, LMHC
Erin Wibert Carlton
Licensed Mental Health Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Orlando, FL 32814
Waitlist for new clients
I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor who is passionate about working with families to help them connect, reflect, and repair relationships. Skills gained from therapy is important, but the magic happens when they are practiced within the home. I work with my patients to identify what's going on underneath the surface as behaviors are symptoms of a need, emotion, motive, etc. Therapy is most effective when you trust your therapist and feel understood so I strive to create a warm and nonjudgemental space for my patients and focus on building a strong relationship first.
I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor who is passionate about working with families to help them connect, reflect, and repair relationships. Skills gained from therapy is important, but the magic happens when they are practiced within the home. I work with my patients to identify what's going on underneath the surface as behaviors are symptoms of a need, emotion, motive, etc. Therapy is most effective when you trust your therapist and feel understood so I strive to create a warm and nonjudgemental space for my patients and focus on building a strong relationship first.
(407) 584-5890 View (407) 584-5890
Photo of Jessica Sauer, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jessica Sauer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32803
Welcome to Brand New Day Counseling! I'm a trauma-informed, strengths-based, person-centered therapist who values and honors all backgrounds, beliefs, and perspective diversity. I help kids, teens and adults cope with a multitude of mental health issues and psychosocial challenges. My passion is helping clients navigate and redirect how anxiety and mood disorders, stress, OCD, Asperger's Syndrome and other mental health concerns impact all aspects of their lives. I'm honored to be on an empowerment journey with clients who seek practical strategies for growth. My philosophy is to help "humans with humaning," which is hard sometimes!
Welcome to Brand New Day Counseling! I'm a trauma-informed, strengths-based, person-centered therapist who values and honors all backgrounds, beliefs, and perspective diversity. I help kids, teens and adults cope with a multitude of mental health issues and psychosocial challenges. My passion is helping clients navigate and redirect how anxiety and mood disorders, stress, OCD, Asperger's Syndrome and other mental health concerns impact all aspects of their lives. I'm honored to be on an empowerment journey with clients who seek practical strategies for growth. My philosophy is to help "humans with humaning," which is hard sometimes!
(321) 456-9819 View (321) 456-9819
Photo of Christina Belknap, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Christina Belknap
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32832
My ideal client aims to engage in an active partnership to build self-awareness and take action to make a change. I will give you feedback and challenge you, which is not everyone’s cup of tea! I work best with those suffering from anxiety, panic attacks, overwhelm, trauma, or emotional flooding. Many of my clients report that our work helped them shift from survival mode to a sense of thriving. I suggest homework; your progress is based on your willingness to practice. The ideal client for my strengths is someone who wants to learn and shift by discovering tangible skills and techniques they can use in their own lives.
My ideal client aims to engage in an active partnership to build self-awareness and take action to make a change. I will give you feedback and challenge you, which is not everyone’s cup of tea! I work best with those suffering from anxiety, panic attacks, overwhelm, trauma, or emotional flooding. Many of my clients report that our work helped them shift from survival mode to a sense of thriving. I suggest homework; your progress is based on your willingness to practice. The ideal client for my strengths is someone who wants to learn and shift by discovering tangible skills and techniques they can use in their own lives.
(321) 895-9361 View (321) 895-9361

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Orlando, FL

2,000+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in Orlando, FL who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
86% Depression
78% Self Esteem
73% Coping Skills
70% Relationship Issues
68% Stress
66% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

89% Aetna
84% Cigna and Evernorth
80% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Orlando, FL see their clients

51% In Person and Online
49% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
18% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Orlando?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.