Therapists in Orlando, FL

View neighborhoods in Orlando
Photo of Taimara Dietsch, Counselor in Orlando, FL
Taimara Dietsch
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32811  (Online Only)
I am licensed in Florida with over 12 years of professional work experience. I have experience in helping clients with stress and anxiety, parenting issues, motivation, self esteem, confidence, depression, and more. It takes courage to seek out help and even more to accept that we can use a hand every now and then (it takes a village, after all, right?). I am here to support & empower you in that journey.
I am licensed in Florida with over 12 years of professional work experience. I have experience in helping clients with stress and anxiety, parenting issues, motivation, self esteem, confidence, depression, and more. It takes courage to seek out help and even more to accept that we can use a hand every now and then (it takes a village, after all, right?). I am here to support & empower you in that journey.
(407) 612-2805 View (407) 612-2805
Photo of Taaka Bennett, Counselor in Orlando, FL
Taaka Bennett
Counselor, LMHC, LPC, MS
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32819
Are you facing challenges when it comes to balancing life and attending to loved ones who often turn to you for support? Maybe you feel overwhelmed with the stress of managing a career, academic pursuits, family, or other social relationships when your own physical and emotional energy are depleted and your needs are unmet? You don’t have to do it alone. If you are looking for support in finding peace, balance and holistic wellness in your life, therapy can help. If you are seeking someone to help you get through a difficult time in your marriage or relationship, I can help.
Are you facing challenges when it comes to balancing life and attending to loved ones who often turn to you for support? Maybe you feel overwhelmed with the stress of managing a career, academic pursuits, family, or other social relationships when your own physical and emotional energy are depleted and your needs are unmet? You don’t have to do it alone. If you are looking for support in finding peace, balance and holistic wellness in your life, therapy can help. If you are seeking someone to help you get through a difficult time in your marriage or relationship, I can help.
(321) 204-2965 View (321) 204-2965
Photo of Naomi Bourassa, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Orlando, FL
Naomi Bourassa
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Orlando, FL 32803
Most people have experienced a form of trauma. Trauma symptoms manifest in countless ways, including physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual. I approach each session from a trauma-informed perspective. Empowering you in your recovery process lies at the core of my practice.
Most people have experienced a form of trauma. Trauma symptoms manifest in countless ways, including physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual. I approach each session from a trauma-informed perspective. Empowering you in your recovery process lies at the core of my practice.
(689) 202-3232 View (689) 202-3232
Photo of Laura Lorelei Coe, Counselor in Orlando, FL
Laura Lorelei Coe
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32835  (Online Only)
Lorelei Coe is a Licensed Mental Health Counselor with 7 years of experience providing counseling to all ages. She specializes in stress, anxiety, depression, career, coping skills, life transitions, and relationships. Lorelei also has 4 years of experience working with clients experiencing concerns with addictions and substance use. Her business background, accompanied by her professional counseling experience, enables her to provide empowerment and support that her clients are seeking. She is passionate about motivating others to explore life’s opportunities and helping others to reach their goals.
Lorelei Coe is a Licensed Mental Health Counselor with 7 years of experience providing counseling to all ages. She specializes in stress, anxiety, depression, career, coping skills, life transitions, and relationships. Lorelei also has 4 years of experience working with clients experiencing concerns with addictions and substance use. Her business background, accompanied by her professional counseling experience, enables her to provide empowerment and support that her clients are seeking. She is passionate about motivating others to explore life’s opportunities and helping others to reach their goals.
(407) 326-2636 View (407) 326-2636
Photo of Mark Gagnon, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Orlando, FL
Mark Gagnon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CNP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Orlando, FL 32806  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
As a clinician with ADHD I have experienced firsthand many of the issues that individuals with ADHD face on a daily basis (poor experience with providers, family conflict regarding diagnosis, learning skills to accommodate my specific flavor of neurodiversity, etc.). I think of ADHD as my own neurodiverse super power, and source of frustration. To paraphrase, “the ADHD giveth, and the ADHD taketh away.”
As a clinician with ADHD I have experienced firsthand many of the issues that individuals with ADHD face on a daily basis (poor experience with providers, family conflict regarding diagnosis, learning skills to accommodate my specific flavor of neurodiversity, etc.). I think of ADHD as my own neurodiverse super power, and source of frustration. To paraphrase, “the ADHD giveth, and the ADHD taketh away.”
(321) 360-4801 View (321) 360-4801
Photo of Aritha Yarborough, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Orlando, FL
Aritha Yarborough
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32828
I am a licensed clinical social worker. I have worked with children, adolescents, adults, couples, and families to overcome numerous challenges. Besides treating many mental health conditions, I have specialized training in treating anxiety, career, conflict, depression, grief, self-esteem, anger management, behavior issues, stress, trauma, substance abuse, and co-occurring disorders. My approach combines Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Person-Centered Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), Mindfulness, Solution Focus Brief Therapy, and Strength-Based Therapy.
I am a licensed clinical social worker. I have worked with children, adolescents, adults, couples, and families to overcome numerous challenges. Besides treating many mental health conditions, I have specialized training in treating anxiety, career, conflict, depression, grief, self-esteem, anger management, behavior issues, stress, trauma, substance abuse, and co-occurring disorders. My approach combines Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Person-Centered Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), Mindfulness, Solution Focus Brief Therapy, and Strength-Based Therapy.
(321) 635-0998 View (321) 635-0998
Photo of Christina Cummings, Counselor in Orlando, FL
Christina Cummings
Counselor, LMHC , CMHC
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32832
It is important that my clients have issues that I am qualified to treat. An ideal client would be willing to explore, understand, and work through their psychological and emotional challenges. Their needs consist of a nonjudgmental space where they feel seen, heard, and understood, allowing them to express themselves freely and practical tools and coping strategies to manage symptoms of anxiety, depression, or stress and to navigate challenging emotions or situations.
It is important that my clients have issues that I am qualified to treat. An ideal client would be willing to explore, understand, and work through their psychological and emotional challenges. Their needs consist of a nonjudgmental space where they feel seen, heard, and understood, allowing them to express themselves freely and practical tools and coping strategies to manage symptoms of anxiety, depression, or stress and to navigate challenging emotions or situations.
(321) 341-7178 View (321) 341-7178
Photo of David Grimm, Marriage & Family Therapist in Orlando, FL
David Grimm
Marriage & Family Therapist, MDiv, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Orlando, FL 32835  (Online Only)
At this time I am only doing online video meetings. I agree with the philosophy that crisis is a combination of danger and opportunity. Human beings are very delicate emotionally and can suffer tremendously. My clinical experiences over the years have been very broad from child service agencies to residential treatment to outpatient psychiatry. Currently I work with individuals and families who struggle with with anxiety, depression, and relationship problems. I welcome longer term, deeper therapy work as well as problem-focused counseling with cognitive-behavioral interventions.
At this time I am only doing online video meetings. I agree with the philosophy that crisis is a combination of danger and opportunity. Human beings are very delicate emotionally and can suffer tremendously. My clinical experiences over the years have been very broad from child service agencies to residential treatment to outpatient psychiatry. Currently I work with individuals and families who struggle with with anxiety, depression, and relationship problems. I welcome longer term, deeper therapy work as well as problem-focused counseling with cognitive-behavioral interventions.
(407) 449-1716 View (407) 449-1716
Photo of Jacqueline Hernandez, Counselor in Orlando, FL
Jacqueline Hernandez
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Orlando, FL 32832  (Online Only)
As a mental health counselor, I enjoy working with a diverse group of populations and helping them solve their problems, achieve their goals, and overcome life's hardships. Whether you are currently experiencing situational stressors or battling long-term problems, I am here to help. I offer an eclectic approach in order to ensure the most effective treatment plan is designed to meet your interests, goals, and strengths. I am also certified in EMDR.
As a mental health counselor, I enjoy working with a diverse group of populations and helping them solve their problems, achieve their goals, and overcome life's hardships. Whether you are currently experiencing situational stressors or battling long-term problems, I am here to help. I offer an eclectic approach in order to ensure the most effective treatment plan is designed to meet your interests, goals, and strengths. I am also certified in EMDR.
(321) 522-4898 View (321) 522-4898
Photo of Suely Rivera, Counselor in Orlando, FL
Suely Rivera
Counselor, MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32822
Struggling to manage your thoughts? Perhaps you have no motivation, low energy, or feel overwhelmed. You’ve found yourself struggling with feeling "stuck", self-doubt, lack of self-confidence, or you don't feel good enough. Perhaps you are struggling with past hurts, toxic relationships (even friendships), never-ending overthinking, feeling overwhelmed (including burnout) or the voice in your head is quick to remind you of all the ways you’re falling short or catastrophizing. You've spent the last however many years trying to keep everything together, and it feels overwhelming. If this is you, then send me an email to get started.
Struggling to manage your thoughts? Perhaps you have no motivation, low energy, or feel overwhelmed. You’ve found yourself struggling with feeling "stuck", self-doubt, lack of self-confidence, or you don't feel good enough. Perhaps you are struggling with past hurts, toxic relationships (even friendships), never-ending overthinking, feeling overwhelmed (including burnout) or the voice in your head is quick to remind you of all the ways you’re falling short or catastrophizing. You've spent the last however many years trying to keep everything together, and it feels overwhelming. If this is you, then send me an email to get started.
(321) 316-6755 View (321) 316-6755
Photo of Soraya Carr, Counselor in Orlando, FL
Soraya Carr
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32832
Have you faced adversity head-on & are ready to embark on a journey of self-discovery and healing? Do you desire to reclaim control over your life and shape a future that aligns with your authentic self? Your motivation lies in a profound yearning for positive change, a commitment to breaking free from the shackles of past challenges, and a genuine belief in the transformative power of self-improvement. Together, we work towards building resilience and fostering a sense of empowerment for a brighter, more fulfilling future.
Have you faced adversity head-on & are ready to embark on a journey of self-discovery and healing? Do you desire to reclaim control over your life and shape a future that aligns with your authentic self? Your motivation lies in a profound yearning for positive change, a commitment to breaking free from the shackles of past challenges, and a genuine belief in the transformative power of self-improvement. Together, we work towards building resilience and fostering a sense of empowerment for a brighter, more fulfilling future.
(321) 334-3939 View (321) 334-3939
Photo of Theresa Brown, Pre-Licensed Professional in Orlando, FL
Theresa Brown
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32835
Theresa Brown is a Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern with 2.5 years of experience in the mental health field. She is passionate about helping teens, adults, and couples address their unique challenges and live a life of joy. She is a former teacher of 12 years with experience navigating family and teen concerns. This, coupled with her professional experience, enables her to provide the guidance and support her clients are seeking. Theresa specializes in depression, anxiety, grief, self-esteem, relationship issues, and major life transitions.
Theresa Brown is a Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern with 2.5 years of experience in the mental health field. She is passionate about helping teens, adults, and couples address their unique challenges and live a life of joy. She is a former teacher of 12 years with experience navigating family and teen concerns. This, coupled with her professional experience, enables her to provide the guidance and support her clients are seeking. Theresa specializes in depression, anxiety, grief, self-esteem, relationship issues, and major life transitions.
(321) 353-6126 View (321) 353-6126
Photo of Concordia Counseling and Behavioral Services, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Orlando, FL
Concordia Counseling and Behavioral Services
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32827  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Concordia Counseling and Behavioral Services provides therapy to children and adults, for various mental and behavioral health needs. We focus on customized therapeutic care, tailored to the client’s specific needs, by finding out their strengths and improving on their limitations. Services are intended to alleviate the stressors of life by offering a space to safely discuss complex issues and learn coping skills to be able to manage symptoms, independently. Benefits include reduced need for medications, increased emotional stability, and reduction in harmful or negative thoughts.
Concordia Counseling and Behavioral Services provides therapy to children and adults, for various mental and behavioral health needs. We focus on customized therapeutic care, tailored to the client’s specific needs, by finding out their strengths and improving on their limitations. Services are intended to alleviate the stressors of life by offering a space to safely discuss complex issues and learn coping skills to be able to manage symptoms, independently. Benefits include reduced need for medications, increased emotional stability, and reduction in harmful or negative thoughts.
(321) 730-2938 View (321) 730-2938
Photo of Grace Valentin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Orlando, FL
Grace Valentin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32804  (Online Only)
Life can be a roller coaster and I would love the opportunity to walk the journey with you. I help clients navigate all of life's ups and downs and develop healthier thought and behavior patterns utilizing cognitive behavioral therapy techniques and other modalities. I have experience in clinical settings including pediatrics, oncology, inpatient psychiatry, crisis counseling, grief/loss, and school setting. Everyone deserves to be heard and have a safe space to process their emotions. I will facilitate that safe space for you.
Life can be a roller coaster and I would love the opportunity to walk the journey with you. I help clients navigate all of life's ups and downs and develop healthier thought and behavior patterns utilizing cognitive behavioral therapy techniques and other modalities. I have experience in clinical settings including pediatrics, oncology, inpatient psychiatry, crisis counseling, grief/loss, and school setting. Everyone deserves to be heard and have a safe space to process their emotions. I will facilitate that safe space for you.
(407) 993-2416 View (407) 993-2416
Photo of William Don Jefferson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Orlando, FL
William Don Jefferson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, LMFT
Verified Verified
Orlando, FL 32805
I work collaboratively with my clients and assist them in resolving internal struggles, which enhances their interpersonal relationships. I encourage clients to be compassionate with themselves, enabling them to live meaningfully in this incredibly complicated world. I have provided individual, couple, group, and family therapy services for over 25 years. I earned a master's degree in Social Work from Aurora University; completed a two-year post-graduate training program in Marriage and Family Therapy at the Family Institute at Northwestern University.
I work collaboratively with my clients and assist them in resolving internal struggles, which enhances their interpersonal relationships. I encourage clients to be compassionate with themselves, enabling them to live meaningfully in this incredibly complicated world. I have provided individual, couple, group, and family therapy services for over 25 years. I earned a master's degree in Social Work from Aurora University; completed a two-year post-graduate training program in Marriage and Family Therapy at the Family Institute at Northwestern University.
(407) 641-3640 View (407) 641-3640
Photo of Scott Donald Bush, Counselor in Orlando, FL
Scott Donald Bush
Counselor, PhD, MS, LMHC, Rev
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Orlando, FL 32826
I'm a Licensed Mental Health Counselor, and Christian Sex Therapist. Specialities: EMDR, trauma, chronic pain, panic attacks, obesity, and sex therapy. Video sessions available. If you need help, call me, days, weekend, and evenings. I answer off hours. I give very personalized care, and even home sessions. Go to the national website HealthGrades.com for patient feedback and to review providers. I have all 5 stars, highest rating in Florida. Weekday and Sunday appointments are $150, Sex Therapy sessions are $150, and "IN HOME" sessions are $300 1hr, and $450 for 2hrs. Sliding scale for friend or Dr. referrals.
I'm a Licensed Mental Health Counselor, and Christian Sex Therapist. Specialities: EMDR, trauma, chronic pain, panic attacks, obesity, and sex therapy. Video sessions available. If you need help, call me, days, weekend, and evenings. I answer off hours. I give very personalized care, and even home sessions. Go to the national website HealthGrades.com for patient feedback and to review providers. I have all 5 stars, highest rating in Florida. Weekday and Sunday appointments are $150, Sex Therapy sessions are $150, and "IN HOME" sessions are $300 1hr, and $450 for 2hrs. Sliding scale for friend or Dr. referrals.
(407) 230-4949 View (407) 230-4949
Photo of Rabia Abid, Counselor in Orlando, FL
Rabia Abid
Counselor, MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Orlando, FL 32811  (Online Only)
Welcome to Therapy Help Services LLC, where I provide a warm and supportive environment for self-exploration and personal growth. I offer a person-centered approach to therapy. I believe that every individual has the fundamental capacity for growth, self-actualization, and healing. I create a safe, compassionate, and non-judgmental space where you can express your thoughts, feelings, and experiences.
Welcome to Therapy Help Services LLC, where I provide a warm and supportive environment for self-exploration and personal growth. I offer a person-centered approach to therapy. I believe that every individual has the fundamental capacity for growth, self-actualization, and healing. I create a safe, compassionate, and non-judgmental space where you can express your thoughts, feelings, and experiences.
(407) 850-8552 View (407) 850-8552
Photo of Rachel Dillickraeth, Counselor in Orlando, FL
Rachel Dillickraeth
Counselor, LMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Orlando, FL 32803
I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor experienced in working with adolescents, adults, and families to overcome issues that are creating distress. I utilize a collaborative and compassionate counseling style, empowering you to create a more balanced and satisfying life. I offer a safe place to share feelings, discuss problems, build emotional strength and resiliency, and gain some perspective on the issue at hand. I have experience in a variety of settings from outpatient counseling to residential treatment. I utilize multiple treatment modalities in my daily practice based upon your individual needs, personality, and background.
I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor experienced in working with adolescents, adults, and families to overcome issues that are creating distress. I utilize a collaborative and compassionate counseling style, empowering you to create a more balanced and satisfying life. I offer a safe place to share feelings, discuss problems, build emotional strength and resiliency, and gain some perspective on the issue at hand. I have experience in a variety of settings from outpatient counseling to residential treatment. I utilize multiple treatment modalities in my daily practice based upon your individual needs, personality, and background.
(407) 326-0124 View (407) 326-0124
Photo of Bri Franklin, Counselor in Orlando, FL
Bri Franklin
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Orlando, FL 32814  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Searching for a therapist can feel daunting! I’m a firm believer that it takes courage to reach out for support. I hope as you read on, you’ll feel encouraged in what can be an overwhelming space. My professional area of focus is working with adults who have ADHD. I have specialized training in working with adults with ADHD and various executive functioning concerns. The impacts of ADHD can show up at school, work, home, and social life regardless of one's age or life stage. It's important to truly understand ADHD and see your own strengths, which can propel you to meet those goals that have, until now, seemed unattainable.
Searching for a therapist can feel daunting! I’m a firm believer that it takes courage to reach out for support. I hope as you read on, you’ll feel encouraged in what can be an overwhelming space. My professional area of focus is working with adults who have ADHD. I have specialized training in working with adults with ADHD and various executive functioning concerns. The impacts of ADHD can show up at school, work, home, and social life regardless of one's age or life stage. It's important to truly understand ADHD and see your own strengths, which can propel you to meet those goals that have, until now, seemed unattainable.
(407) 214-3314 View (407) 214-3314
Photo of Krissi Franzen, Counselor in Orlando, FL
Krissi Franzen
Counselor, NCC, LPC, LMHC, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Orlando, FL 32825  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
My role is to help support you to lead happier, healthier life. Sometimes this means lessening your symptoms of anxiety or depression, or maybe it's working towards a specific goal like changing jobs or making friends. It can also look like wanting to find your true, authentic self, which can be exploring gender, sexuality, life after loss, or even just trying to figure out who you are!
My role is to help support you to lead happier, healthier life. Sometimes this means lessening your symptoms of anxiety or depression, or maybe it's working towards a specific goal like changing jobs or making friends. It can also look like wanting to find your true, authentic self, which can be exploring gender, sexuality, life after loss, or even just trying to figure out who you are!
(321) 218-5922 View (321) 218-5922

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Orlando, FL

2,000+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in Orlando, FL who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
87% Depression
77% Self Esteem
74% Coping Skills
70% Relationship Issues
68% Stress
67% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

88% Aetna
84% Cigna and Evernorth
82% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Orlando, FL see their clients

51% In Person and Online
49% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
18% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Orlando?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.