Therapists in 55331

Photo of Alison Raman Certified Eating Disorders Specialist, Licensed Professional Counselor in 55331, MN
Alison Raman Certified Eating Disorders Specialist
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPCC, CEDS
Verified Verified
Excelsior, MN 55331
Healing immensely personal, often secret and shameful struggles with body hate, bingeing, purging, restricting, and other related behaviors takes courage and commitment. You may want to change, or have begun the recovery process, but also feel ambivalent and fearful about how and what it means to recover. If this resonates, you are not alone. Recovery is possible and finding peace with food, mind, and body is worth the arduous journey-whether this is your first attempt at treatment or you have completed multiple treatments. I also help caregivers in their role supporting a loved one with an eating disorder.
Healing immensely personal, often secret and shameful struggles with body hate, bingeing, purging, restricting, and other related behaviors takes courage and commitment. You may want to change, or have begun the recovery process, but also feel ambivalent and fearful about how and what it means to recover. If this resonates, you are not alone. Recovery is possible and finding peace with food, mind, and body is worth the arduous journey-whether this is your first attempt at treatment or you have completed multiple treatments. I also help caregivers in their role supporting a loved one with an eating disorder.
(612) 453-2291 View (612) 453-2291
Photo of Edwards & Associates PLLC, Psychologist in 55331, MN
Edwards & Associates PLLC
Psychologist, PhD, LP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Excelsior, MN 55331  (Online Only)
Have you experienced emotional, physical, or sexual boundary violations in childhood and now have troubles with a range of issues like establishing lasting relationships and trust, strong and changing emotions or emotional numbness and dissocitation, troubles with sexual intimacy, anxiety or depression? I specialize in working with people with a history of complex trauma, family trauma, developmental trauma, or childhood abuse. Particularly when abuse happens earlier in life or repeatedly, those suffering may develop various symptoms, including depression, anxiety, low self esteem, self harm, eating disorders, and anger issues
Have you experienced emotional, physical, or sexual boundary violations in childhood and now have troubles with a range of issues like establishing lasting relationships and trust, strong and changing emotions or emotional numbness and dissocitation, troubles with sexual intimacy, anxiety or depression? I specialize in working with people with a history of complex trauma, family trauma, developmental trauma, or childhood abuse. Particularly when abuse happens earlier in life or repeatedly, those suffering may develop various symptoms, including depression, anxiety, low self esteem, self harm, eating disorders, and anger issues
(218) 522-8659 View (218) 522-8659
Photo of Nicole Lovald in 55331, MN
Nicole Lovald
MS, LAMFT, RYT500
Verified Verified
Excelsior, MN 55331
Currently accepting new clients: Individuals, adolescents, couples and families! If you are looking for a compassionate therapist to support you in your healing and happiness, you have come to the right place. Using a holistic approach to overall health and well-being, I assist client's in doing the work necessary to feel better. Some of my specialties include stress management, anxiety, depression, trauma, parenting, pain management, chronic health conditions, relationships, veterans/military families and first responders.
Currently accepting new clients: Individuals, adolescents, couples and families! If you are looking for a compassionate therapist to support you in your healing and happiness, you have come to the right place. Using a holistic approach to overall health and well-being, I assist client's in doing the work necessary to feel better. Some of my specialties include stress management, anxiety, depression, trauma, parenting, pain management, chronic health conditions, relationships, veterans/military families and first responders.
(763) 296-7490 View (763) 296-7490
Photo of Cynthia Gill, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55331, MN
Cynthia Gill
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Excelsior, MN 55331
A client who comes to me with honesty, is willing to work towards their goals is an ideal client. Anxiety, trauma, depression and family problems are problems that I treat with skill and sensitivity. Parents who need help parenting, children who suffer from a trauma, teens who are depressed and stressed out, couples who can't figure out why they are fighting so much when they really love each other, wives who struggle with low self esteem, people of any age who are very lonely, all need someone to help them sort out their challenges. "We are all just trying to do life!" That often that means asking for help.
A client who comes to me with honesty, is willing to work towards their goals is an ideal client. Anxiety, trauma, depression and family problems are problems that I treat with skill and sensitivity. Parents who need help parenting, children who suffer from a trauma, teens who are depressed and stressed out, couples who can't figure out why they are fighting so much when they really love each other, wives who struggle with low self esteem, people of any age who are very lonely, all need someone to help them sort out their challenges. "We are all just trying to do life!" That often that means asking for help.
(952) 213-4482 View (952) 213-4482
Photo of Angie O'Shea, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55331, MN
Angie O'Shea
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Excelsior, MN 55331
Are you and your relationships hurting? Do you feel lost or trapped in a continuous downward cycle, unsure what to do next? Well find comfort in the fact you have taken the first big step by searching for a therapist. I would like to join you in your journey by providing you a support system that will allow you and your loved ones to navigate through any of life's challenges and difficult transitions.
Are you and your relationships hurting? Do you feel lost or trapped in a continuous downward cycle, unsure what to do next? Well find comfort in the fact you have taken the first big step by searching for a therapist. I would like to join you in your journey by providing you a support system that will allow you and your loved ones to navigate through any of life's challenges and difficult transitions.
(952) 260-3543 View (952) 260-3543
Photo of Virginia Ehrman, Psychologist in 55331, MN
Virginia Ehrman
Psychologist, MA, LP
Verified Verified
Excelsior, MN 55331
Are you struggling with managing the stressors in your life? Are you contemplating therapy to help you with your mood, anxiety, irritability, or life transitions? I am a compassionate licensed psychologist who works with adult individuals and couples on a variety of issues, including: relationships, depression, anxiety, anger management, parenting issues, grief/loss, abuse, and trauma.
Are you struggling with managing the stressors in your life? Are you contemplating therapy to help you with your mood, anxiety, irritability, or life transitions? I am a compassionate licensed psychologist who works with adult individuals and couples on a variety of issues, including: relationships, depression, anxiety, anger management, parenting issues, grief/loss, abuse, and trauma.
(612) 294-8440 View (612) 294-8440
Photo of Jason Rohman, Licensed Professional Counselor in 55331, MN
Jason Rohman
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, LADC
Verified Verified
Excelsior, MN 55331
A majority of people who struggle with substance use and behavioral addictions also suffer with co-occurring mental health issues like depression, anxiety, anger, or ADHD. Managing these co-occurring issues alone is not recommended. Some bounce back and forth from therapists to treatment centers for management, making no progress in the disconnected process. The recommended approach is co-occurring treatment, and I have helped hundreds of people recover their lives by helping them manage addiction while exploring, uncovering, and improving their inner lives and their relationships with others.
A majority of people who struggle with substance use and behavioral addictions also suffer with co-occurring mental health issues like depression, anxiety, anger, or ADHD. Managing these co-occurring issues alone is not recommended. Some bounce back and forth from therapists to treatment centers for management, making no progress in the disconnected process. The recommended approach is co-occurring treatment, and I have helped hundreds of people recover their lives by helping them manage addiction while exploring, uncovering, and improving their inner lives and their relationships with others.
(952) 234-3368 View (952) 234-3368
Photo of Ina Lasmane, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55331, MN
Ina Lasmane
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Excelsior, MN 55331  (Online Only)
I feel passionate about helping people with trauma, anxiety, and depression to feel happiness and joy again. Do you have nightmares and flashbacks? Do you struggle with worry, stress, and panic? Do you experience sadness and isolation? Or are you grieving a loved one? If so, let me help you. You don’t have to do this alone. Together we will work as a team to create a positive change. Mental health professionals, healthcare professionals, first responders, police officers, firefighters, EMTs, paramedics, and other first responders are welcome.
I feel passionate about helping people with trauma, anxiety, and depression to feel happiness and joy again. Do you have nightmares and flashbacks? Do you struggle with worry, stress, and panic? Do you experience sadness and isolation? Or are you grieving a loved one? If so, let me help you. You don’t have to do this alone. Together we will work as a team to create a positive change. Mental health professionals, healthcare professionals, first responders, police officers, firefighters, EMTs, paramedics, and other first responders are welcome.
(612) 559-8704 View (612) 559-8704
Photo of Clare N Buntrock, Psychologist in 55331, MN
Clare N Buntrock
Psychologist, PhD, LP
Verified Verified
Excelsior, MN 55331
Psychotherapy is simply a conversation designed to help you understand yourself more completely. Rather than providing answers, it helps you identify what is interfering with your ability to live in a satisfying way. I have helped people sufferring from depression, anxiety, and relationship problems - even when previous attempts at treatment have failed. Meaningful change is possible in an environment of mutual respect and safety, where you can tell your own story at your own pace. I work with both individuals and couples.
Psychotherapy is simply a conversation designed to help you understand yourself more completely. Rather than providing answers, it helps you identify what is interfering with your ability to live in a satisfying way. I have helped people sufferring from depression, anxiety, and relationship problems - even when previous attempts at treatment have failed. Meaningful change is possible in an environment of mutual respect and safety, where you can tell your own story at your own pace. I work with both individuals and couples.
(952) 800-9173 View (952) 800-9173
Photo of Anthony Todd Nichols, Psychologist in 55331, MN
Anthony Todd Nichols
Psychologist, PhD, LP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Excelsior, MN 55331
Do you feel upset, irritable, or downright angry at times? Are you looking for help changing the way you act in certain situations? Would you like to be more loving in relationships, to be the partner or parent you aspire to? I can help you identify and resolve issues that are interfering with your ability to accomplish your goals. I specialize in Attachment Therapy and Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. Firmly rooted in Christian values, I serve individuals from all walks of life in a non-judgmental fashion.
Do you feel upset, irritable, or downright angry at times? Are you looking for help changing the way you act in certain situations? Would you like to be more loving in relationships, to be the partner or parent you aspire to? I can help you identify and resolve issues that are interfering with your ability to accomplish your goals. I specialize in Attachment Therapy and Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. Firmly rooted in Christian values, I serve individuals from all walks of life in a non-judgmental fashion.
(952) 479-4780 View (952) 479-4780
Photo of Brianna D. Mann in 55331, MN
Brianna D. Mann
PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Excelsior, MN 55331  (Online Only)
You plan your life around your bathroom breaks, around where you can find safe places to go. You avoid pretty much anything that involves being away from home so long that you’ll need to use a public restroom. When you do try to go in public, you usually psych yourself out. Your world has gotten pretty small and you’re missing out on a lot of things you would enjoy, if it weren’t for the public bathroom factor. You’ve lived in shame and secrecy, feeling like an outsider, for years. You’ve tried to find help but no one seems to even know Paruresis is, let alone know how to treat it. You are at a breaking point and know you need help.
You plan your life around your bathroom breaks, around where you can find safe places to go. You avoid pretty much anything that involves being away from home so long that you’ll need to use a public restroom. When you do try to go in public, you usually psych yourself out. Your world has gotten pretty small and you’re missing out on a lot of things you would enjoy, if it weren’t for the public bathroom factor. You’ve lived in shame and secrecy, feeling like an outsider, for years. You’ve tried to find help but no one seems to even know Paruresis is, let alone know how to treat it. You are at a breaking point and know you need help.
(952) 679-7127 View (952) 679-7127
Photo of Stefanie Rose, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55331, MN
Stefanie Rose
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, SEP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Excelsior, MN 55331
* Currently accepting new clients* Do you sometimes think that others seem to be "normal" or have the "perfect life" or that something is wrong with you? Do you have trouble shutting your mind off from stressful thoughts or upsetting memories? Has it been a while since you remember feeling excited about life or passion in your marriage? You are not alone.
* Currently accepting new clients* Do you sometimes think that others seem to be "normal" or have the "perfect life" or that something is wrong with you? Do you have trouble shutting your mind off from stressful thoughts or upsetting memories? Has it been a while since you remember feeling excited about life or passion in your marriage? You are not alone.
(952) 592-1586 View (952) 592-1586
Photo of Janna (Schriber) Mason, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in 55331, MN
Janna (Schriber) Mason
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, MS, LPCC, NCC
Verified Verified
Excelsior, MN 55331  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Grief is ever-present within our lives. Whether it’s an abrupt shift in our daily routine, a noticeable difference within ourselves, or a transition of our career, we experience it. We feel it after a change in our relationship, the loss of a pet, or, a heartbreaking death of a loved one. All change results in loss of some sort, and that which accompanies it, is grief. Grief can leave us feeling stuck, overwhelmed, and scared. We feel exposed and vulnerable. We begin to question ourselves and the world we are in. Whatever your grief, know that I will honor it with attuned presence.
Grief is ever-present within our lives. Whether it’s an abrupt shift in our daily routine, a noticeable difference within ourselves, or a transition of our career, we experience it. We feel it after a change in our relationship, the loss of a pet, or, a heartbreaking death of a loved one. All change results in loss of some sort, and that which accompanies it, is grief. Grief can leave us feeling stuck, overwhelmed, and scared. We feel exposed and vulnerable. We begin to question ourselves and the world we are in. Whatever your grief, know that I will honor it with attuned presence.
(952) 260-2552 View (952) 260-2552
Photo of Michelle Finley, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55331, MN
Michelle Finley
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, DMFTABD
Verified Verified
Excelsior, MN 55331
Have you lost someone or something that is important to you? Is life presenting you with changes that are difficult to navigate? Are relationships hard for you? Has your past created difficulties that you just can't seem to separate from? Do you feel overwhelmed by the pressure to raise perfect kids and meet the needs of everyone around you?  Does your family need help? Are you a helper or therapist and need your own support? I am here, to connect with you and help you feel better.
Have you lost someone or something that is important to you? Is life presenting you with changes that are difficult to navigate? Are relationships hard for you? Has your past created difficulties that you just can't seem to separate from? Do you feel overwhelmed by the pressure to raise perfect kids and meet the needs of everyone around you?  Does your family need help? Are you a helper or therapist and need your own support? I am here, to connect with you and help you feel better.
(763) 600-1315 View (763) 600-1315
Photo of Melissa Bolger, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55331, MN
Melissa Bolger
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Excelsior, MN 55331
You are in the right place if you are seeking to show up more authentically in your life, sort through conflict, or improve your relationships! I will work with you to deepen your understanding of challenges you may be experiencing, learn new skills for dealing with difficulties, and ultimately find a path forward creating change and finding acceptance when needed. I am honored to work with many folks through experiences with: identity exploration, conflict, divorce, life changes, trauma, anxiety, depression, and difficult family dynamics. I see teens, parents, couples, families, and LGBTQ+ identified folks.
You are in the right place if you are seeking to show up more authentically in your life, sort through conflict, or improve your relationships! I will work with you to deepen your understanding of challenges you may be experiencing, learn new skills for dealing with difficulties, and ultimately find a path forward creating change and finding acceptance when needed. I am honored to work with many folks through experiences with: identity exploration, conflict, divorce, life changes, trauma, anxiety, depression, and difficult family dynamics. I see teens, parents, couples, families, and LGBTQ+ identified folks.
(612) 887-2176 View (612) 887-2176
Photo of Jennie Pogreba, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55331, MN
Jennie Pogreba
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Excelsior, MN 55331
NOW accepting new clients and some insurance options. The stories of our lives can contain some chapters that are more difficult than others. My goal as a therapist is to assist clients with processing through difficult events, or chapters of their lives, uncover the strengths that they already possess, and provide tools to manage the symptoms they have developed related to these experiences. My goal is to assist clients with finding increased empowerment, joy, insight, confidence, and peace.
NOW accepting new clients and some insurance options. The stories of our lives can contain some chapters that are more difficult than others. My goal as a therapist is to assist clients with processing through difficult events, or chapters of their lives, uncover the strengths that they already possess, and provide tools to manage the symptoms they have developed related to these experiences. My goal is to assist clients with finding increased empowerment, joy, insight, confidence, and peace.
(763) 710-2992 View (763) 710-2992
Photo of Maria Wasem, Pre-Licensed Professional in 55331, MN
Maria Wasem
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, PMH-C
Verified Verified
Excelsior, MN 55331  (Online Only)
I believe that a successful therapeutic relationship can become the catalyst to change, one interaction, one session at a time. Therapy sessions with me are targeted to provide security in the vulnerability required to do the deep and restorative work necessary to make positive change. My job as a therapist is to create a relationship that honors that space and guides my clients through growth personally, in their relationships, and their lives as a whole. My background and experience in child psychology lends itself to insight into parenting as well as reflection upon family of origin as it manifests in the present.
I believe that a successful therapeutic relationship can become the catalyst to change, one interaction, one session at a time. Therapy sessions with me are targeted to provide security in the vulnerability required to do the deep and restorative work necessary to make positive change. My job as a therapist is to create a relationship that honors that space and guides my clients through growth personally, in their relationships, and their lives as a whole. My background and experience in child psychology lends itself to insight into parenting as well as reflection upon family of origin as it manifests in the present.
(952) 522-5034 View (952) 522-5034
Photo of Taryn Ignaszewski, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55331, MN
Taryn Ignaszewski
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Excelsior, MN 55331
I have significant experience facilitating Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) for adults living with personality disorders as well as adolescents struggling with mood disorders and self-harm behaviors. I enjoy working with adolescents to effectively manage depression and anxiety symptoms, irritability, reactivity, relational stressors, communication issues, grief and loss, and self-esteem issues. I also like teaching skills and strategies to their parents and caregivers to they can feel resourced when supporting their young loved one outside of therapy.
I have significant experience facilitating Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) for adults living with personality disorders as well as adolescents struggling with mood disorders and self-harm behaviors. I enjoy working with adolescents to effectively manage depression and anxiety symptoms, irritability, reactivity, relational stressors, communication issues, grief and loss, and self-esteem issues. I also like teaching skills and strategies to their parents and caregivers to they can feel resourced when supporting their young loved one outside of therapy.
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Photo of Susan Nelson, Counselor in 55331, MN
Susan Nelson
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Excelsior, MN 55331
Do you feel stuck? Do you feel like you've lost your own identity in the midst of your relationship or family life? Are you struggling to adapt to the season of life or parenting that you're in? I can help. I work with parents and teens, individually or together. I have special areas of focus in parents of medically complex children, and parents and partners of people with gender dysphoria. I also work with new parents and those struggling with infertility. I believe family is our greatest resource for stability and support, and I love helping people improve the dynamics of their relationships.
Do you feel stuck? Do you feel like you've lost your own identity in the midst of your relationship or family life? Are you struggling to adapt to the season of life or parenting that you're in? I can help. I work with parents and teens, individually or together. I have special areas of focus in parents of medically complex children, and parents and partners of people with gender dysphoria. I also work with new parents and those struggling with infertility. I believe family is our greatest resource for stability and support, and I love helping people improve the dynamics of their relationships.
(952) 900-4809 View (952) 900-4809
Photo of Melissa Erickson, Pre-Licensed Professional in 55331, MN
Melissa Erickson
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Excelsior, MN 55331
I specialize in working with clients 9 - 65+ years old. Clinical expertise includes 20+ years of experience working with clients who have concerns related to: grief & bereavement, depression, anxiety, trauma, domestic abuse, relationship conflict, family conflict due to: separation or divorce, parenting issues, boundaries, unemployment & financial problems, illness or disability of a family member, taking on a caretaker role for a child, and/or parent, or both. Sudden death, long term illness of a family member, and dealing with mental illness within the family system.
I specialize in working with clients 9 - 65+ years old. Clinical expertise includes 20+ years of experience working with clients who have concerns related to: grief & bereavement, depression, anxiety, trauma, domestic abuse, relationship conflict, family conflict due to: separation or divorce, parenting issues, boundaries, unemployment & financial problems, illness or disability of a family member, taking on a caretaker role for a child, and/or parent, or both. Sudden death, long term illness of a family member, and dealing with mental illness within the family system.
(763) 284-8698 View (763) 284-8698

See more therapy options for 55331

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 55331

20+

Average cost per session

$170

Therapists in 55331 who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Depression
96% Anxiety
92% Trauma and PTSD
88% Self Esteem
76% Grief
76% Parenting

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

69% Aetna
54% BlueCross and BlueShield
54% Medica

How Therapists in 55331 see their clients

72% In Person and Online
28% Online Only

Gender breakdown

92% Female
8% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 55331?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.