Photo of Jill Salo, Licensed Professional Counselor in 55343, MN
Jill Salo
Licensed Professional Counselor, LADC, LPCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Minnetonka, MN 55343
Jill is a compassionate therapist who believes that we are all searching for meaning in our lives. She approaches her work with clients by encouraging them to trust their intuition, explore different ways of finding understanding, and nurture helpful relationships in their lives. She also brings in her calm, laid back personality to help her build authentic connections with her clients. Jill tailors her treatment methods to the unique needs of his clients, always keeping them at the center of the therapeutic work. While Jill is well-versed in a variety of treatment modalities, specializing in complex families, EMDR and AIR Network.
Jill is a compassionate therapist who believes that we are all searching for meaning in our lives. She approaches her work with clients by encouraging them to trust their intuition, explore different ways of finding understanding, and nurture helpful relationships in their lives. She also brings in her calm, laid back personality to help her build authentic connections with her clients. Jill tailors her treatment methods to the unique needs of his clients, always keeping them at the center of the therapeutic work. While Jill is well-versed in a variety of treatment modalities, specializing in complex families, EMDR and AIR Network.
(952) 243-5376 View (952) 243-5376
Photo of Mark Bartley, Licensed Professional Counselor in 55343, MN
Mark Bartley
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hopkins, MN 55343
Mark earned his Master’s Degree in Counseling Psychology from the University of St. Thomas. He sees therapy as a safe place to discuss life’s problems, stresses, and relationships. No topics are off limits. An empathetic and authentic experience is important to him with a goal of helping clients improve their quality of life, meeting them where they are at.
Mark earned his Master’s Degree in Counseling Psychology from the University of St. Thomas. He sees therapy as a safe place to discuss life’s problems, stresses, and relationships. No topics are off limits. An empathetic and authentic experience is important to him with a goal of helping clients improve their quality of life, meeting them where they are at.
(651) 240-6833 View (651) 240-6833
Photo of Stephanie R Martin, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55343, MN
Stephanie R Martin
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Hopkins, MN 55343  (Online Only)
Hi there! I'm a therapist. I’m also a hope generator, truth bomb dropper, and perspective provider who will help you take ownership of your life. We’ll start to sort and organize your life story, unearth harmful patterns, and generate solutions that will help you live with more intention and authenticity. Through that process, you’ll see yourself, your life, and your experiences through a different perspective that will help you break through barriers that have held you back. I'm enthusiastic about increasing access to effective treatment around OCD, religious trauma, recovery from abuse and trauma, and LGBTQ+ specific challenges.
Hi there! I'm a therapist. I’m also a hope generator, truth bomb dropper, and perspective provider who will help you take ownership of your life. We’ll start to sort and organize your life story, unearth harmful patterns, and generate solutions that will help you live with more intention and authenticity. Through that process, you’ll see yourself, your life, and your experiences through a different perspective that will help you break through barriers that have held you back. I'm enthusiastic about increasing access to effective treatment around OCD, religious trauma, recovery from abuse and trauma, and LGBTQ+ specific challenges.
(952) 260-1248 View (952) 260-1248
Photo of Anne Hoff, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55343, MN
Anne Hoff
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, RPT-S
Verified Verified
Hopkins, MN 55343
I love working with families. I have worked in the mental health field for almost 20 years in a variety of settings. I have found my passion in working with young children and their families with a special love for children with significant behavioral issues. My goal is to work with care givers to help support them in parenting and understanding the child's behavior through a different lens. I use directive and non directive play therapy interventions, sand tray and other relationship based interventions to support my client's goals.
I love working with families. I have worked in the mental health field for almost 20 years in a variety of settings. I have found my passion in working with young children and their families with a special love for children with significant behavioral issues. My goal is to work with care givers to help support them in parenting and understanding the child's behavior through a different lens. I use directive and non directive play therapy interventions, sand tray and other relationship based interventions to support my client's goals.
(612) 261-1691 View (612) 261-1691
Photo of Mallory Wolfgramm, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55343, MN
Mallory Wolfgramm
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MS, RN
Verified Verified
Hopkins, MN 55343
I currently have daytime availability for new couples and individuals. Email me for a link to book or visit my website at www.themarigoldpractice.com to book a free intro call or first session. I aim to create therapy sessions that you will look forward to and that will actually feel productive. My office is located above a charming coffee shop, so grab a latte and a fresh baked scone and head up for a cozy therapy session (or meet with me virtually.) I will help you uncover why you're feeling stuck and how we can create change that will lead you to peace, connection and secure attachment with those you love most.
I currently have daytime availability for new couples and individuals. Email me for a link to book or visit my website at www.themarigoldpractice.com to book a free intro call or first session. I aim to create therapy sessions that you will look forward to and that will actually feel productive. My office is located above a charming coffee shop, so grab a latte and a fresh baked scone and head up for a cozy therapy session (or meet with me virtually.) I will help you uncover why you're feeling stuck and how we can create change that will lead you to peace, connection and secure attachment with those you love most.
(763) 634-6628 View (763) 634-6628
Photo of PURE therapy - psychedelic therapy , Counselor in 55343, MN
PURE therapy - psychedelic therapy
Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Hopkins, MN 55343
PURE Therapy is a psychedelic assisted & informed psychotherapy practice, specializing in ketamine assisted psychotherapy (KAP) and psychedelic informed therapy. The KAP process includes a full mental health assessment and medical evaluation, preparation, medicine session and integration of the medicine experience. Please visit PURE's website at: www.pure-psychedelic.com to get started on your healing journey.
PURE Therapy is a psychedelic assisted & informed psychotherapy practice, specializing in ketamine assisted psychotherapy (KAP) and psychedelic informed therapy. The KAP process includes a full mental health assessment and medical evaluation, preparation, medicine session and integration of the medicine experience. Please visit PURE's website at: www.pure-psychedelic.com to get started on your healing journey.
(763) 294-8102 x55412 View (763) 294-8102 x55412
Photo of Sonder Behavioral Health & Wellness, Psychologist in 55343, MN
Sonder Behavioral Health & Wellness
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Minnetonka, MN 55343
Are you experiencing a nagging feeling that your life is not aligned with your true self or with where you want it to be heading? Are you feeling lost, stuck, or unhappy? This is the voice of your subconscious. I encourage you to listen to your instinct and trust that you have the power to do something about it. It is absolutely possible for anyone to improve their lives regardless of where they are at now or where they came from. It is recognized that each individual's needs are as unique as they are.
Are you experiencing a nagging feeling that your life is not aligned with your true self or with where you want it to be heading? Are you feeling lost, stuck, or unhappy? This is the voice of your subconscious. I encourage you to listen to your instinct and trust that you have the power to do something about it. It is absolutely possible for anyone to improve their lives regardless of where they are at now or where they came from. It is recognized that each individual's needs are as unique as they are.
(952) 649-5899 View (952) 649-5899
Photo of Birch Counseling Walk-In Clinic in 55343, MN
Birch Counseling Walk-In Clinic
Verified Verified
Hopkins, MN 55343
You struggle in your relationship, or your doctor handed you a terrible diagnosis. Maybe there is something important you need to talk about, but you don't know who you can trust. On some days, it may feel your mind is spiraling out of control. Getting out of bed may have become so much more difficult lately. You experience dread too much of the time. You feel alone and sometimes wonder "what is the point?" You can't seem to get around to doing what needs to get done. People are constantly on your case. You seem to be your own worst enemy. You don't want your friends or partner to know this one bad thing about you.
You struggle in your relationship, or your doctor handed you a terrible diagnosis. Maybe there is something important you need to talk about, but you don't know who you can trust. On some days, it may feel your mind is spiraling out of control. Getting out of bed may have become so much more difficult lately. You experience dread too much of the time. You feel alone and sometimes wonder "what is the point?" You can't seem to get around to doing what needs to get done. People are constantly on your case. You seem to be your own worst enemy. You don't want your friends or partner to know this one bad thing about you.
(952) 800-7920 View (952) 800-7920
Photo of Brian Rose, Pre-Licensed Professional in 55343, MN
Brian Rose
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, LADC, LPCC
Verified Verified
Hopkins, MN 55343
You don't have to know what is wrong to realize you aren't feeling your best. We will work together to figure out the problem.
You don't have to know what is wrong to realize you aren't feeling your best. We will work together to figure out the problem.
(651) 318-4836 x810 View (651) 318-4836 x810
Photo of Rachel Rippel, Psychologist in 55343, MN
Rachel Rippel
Psychologist, MA, LP
Verified Verified
Minnetonka, MN 55343
I AM NOT THE SMILE AND NOD THERAPIST! If you are fed up with feeling miserable I can help you get the life you want. I love helping people achieve what they didn't think they could. My clients tell me I am tough but they know I care about them. I work best with people who are sick of being unhappy and willing to DO work to make some changes. I have a great BS detector, I will call you on your stuff and we will laugh (a lot)! I am passionate about therapy and assissting people in reaching their goals. I work best with people who are ready for change and want a more active approach to therapy.
I AM NOT THE SMILE AND NOD THERAPIST! If you are fed up with feeling miserable I can help you get the life you want. I love helping people achieve what they didn't think they could. My clients tell me I am tough but they know I care about them. I work best with people who are sick of being unhappy and willing to DO work to make some changes. I have a great BS detector, I will call you on your stuff and we will laugh (a lot)! I am passionate about therapy and assissting people in reaching their goals. I work best with people who are ready for change and want a more active approach to therapy.
(952) 529-4884 View (952) 529-4884
Photo of Jayme Hanson, Pre-Licensed Professional in 55343, MN
Jayme Hanson
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
Hopkins, MN 55343
Waitlist for new clients
We all have thoughts or behaviors in our lives that are not serving us. I will invite you to challenge the strategies that have outlived their usefulness, while honoring the person you are today. It's my goal to develop deep trust and uncover insight as we walk-through through the process of discovery and healing together. As a former business leader, I am passionate about the immense pressure of work-stress, parenting, and maintaining balance. I work with clients of all backgrounds, exploring the root behind unwanted patterns and collaborating on goals to optimize for contentment and wellness.
We all have thoughts or behaviors in our lives that are not serving us. I will invite you to challenge the strategies that have outlived their usefulness, while honoring the person you are today. It's my goal to develop deep trust and uncover insight as we walk-through through the process of discovery and healing together. As a former business leader, I am passionate about the immense pressure of work-stress, parenting, and maintaining balance. I work with clients of all backgrounds, exploring the root behind unwanted patterns and collaborating on goals to optimize for contentment and wellness.
(651) 371-5762 x801 View (651) 371-5762 x801
Photo of Bill Ronan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55343, MN
Bill Ronan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MS, LICSW, Medical, Hypnoan
Verified Verified
Hopkins, MN 55343
I have over 40 years experience as a psychotherapist/Medical Hypnoanalyst. I am accepting, understanding and directed in treating problems. I have taught for various colleges in the Twin Cities area. I have been featured on most of the news stations for hypnoanesthesia. I am results oriented. I have several articles in peer review journals and have recently published a book called The Psychological Autopsy. I treat a wide variety of problems.
I have over 40 years experience as a psychotherapist/Medical Hypnoanalyst. I am accepting, understanding and directed in treating problems. I have taught for various colleges in the Twin Cities area. I have been featured on most of the news stations for hypnoanesthesia. I am results oriented. I have several articles in peer review journals and have recently published a book called The Psychological Autopsy. I treat a wide variety of problems.
(952) 856-3102 View (952) 856-3102
Photo of Sonder Behavioral Health & Wellness, Psychologist in 55343, MN
Sonder Behavioral Health & Wellness
Psychologist
Not Verified Not Verified
Minnetonka, MN 55343
We believe emotional wellness matters (a lot), and that everyone has the right to make it a priority. Unfortunately, it’s not always that simple. So many questions can get in the way. Maybe you’ve even asked them yourself: Is this normal? Can talking to someone really help me? What is therapy all about, anyway? What would people say if they knew I was going? How do I find the right therapist? Will I be comfortable there? When will I find the time? Will my insurance pay for this? If this sounds like you, you’re not alone. And we can help. To learn more, visit www.sonderwellness.com
We believe emotional wellness matters (a lot), and that everyone has the right to make it a priority. Unfortunately, it’s not always that simple. So many questions can get in the way. Maybe you’ve even asked them yourself: Is this normal? Can talking to someone really help me? What is therapy all about, anyway? What would people say if they knew I was going? How do I find the right therapist? Will I be comfortable there? When will I find the time? Will my insurance pay for this? If this sounds like you, you’re not alone. And we can help. To learn more, visit www.sonderwellness.com
(952) 260-8673 View (952) 260-8673
Photo of Sue Gallucci, LICSW, Psychotherapist, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 55343, MN
Sue Gallucci, LICSW, Psychotherapist
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, LICSW
Verified Verified
Hopkins, MN 55343
I've helped many clients work through difficult challenges they're facing and would like to help you too. I have a very straight forward, assertive and somewhat irreverent communication style. We work hard, bravely dig as deep as we need to and have some belly laughs along the way. My clients appreciate how real and raw it can get, they feel free to share the good, bad and the ugly. If you're ready to be a good student I am a good teacher = Let's roll up our sleeves?!
I've helped many clients work through difficult challenges they're facing and would like to help you too. I have a very straight forward, assertive and somewhat irreverent communication style. We work hard, bravely dig as deep as we need to and have some belly laughs along the way. My clients appreciate how real and raw it can get, they feel free to share the good, bad and the ugly. If you're ready to be a good student I am a good teacher = Let's roll up our sleeves?!
(952) 314-5633 View (952) 314-5633
Photo of Carley Mason, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55343, MN
Carley Mason
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Hopkins, MN 55343  (Online Only)
Building relationships and trust are at the heart of Carley's practice, and she believes everyone has unique and resilient qualities that can be tapped into, especially during difficult times in life. She strives to create a safe, non-judgmental, therapeutic environment, where clients feel accepted and understood. Carley’s professional philosophy is framed within a holistic approach to treatment. She helps clients integrate the mind/body and gain a sense of cognitive and emotional balance.
Building relationships and trust are at the heart of Carley's practice, and she believes everyone has unique and resilient qualities that can be tapped into, especially during difficult times in life. She strives to create a safe, non-judgmental, therapeutic environment, where clients feel accepted and understood. Carley’s professional philosophy is framed within a holistic approach to treatment. She helps clients integrate the mind/body and gain a sense of cognitive and emotional balance.
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Photo of Dr. Jeff J. Rocker, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in 55343, MN
Dr. Jeff J. Rocker
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, PhD, NCC, LPC, LMHC, LCPC
Verified Verified
Hopkins, MN 55343
With 12 years of experience working with clients going through individual, relationship, and family issues, Celebrity Therapist Dr. Jeff Rocker has provided therapeutic services to clients nationwide. He is Licensed in 22 states and has served clients from all age groups. Over the years, Dr. Jeff has organized lectures and various events in the community, including excursions and retreats for couples to improve their communication and better understand each other. He has experience working with athletes in the NFL, NBA, and MLB. In addition, Dr. Jeff has also worked with clients in the Movie, Music, and Entertainment Industries.
With 12 years of experience working with clients going through individual, relationship, and family issues, Celebrity Therapist Dr. Jeff Rocker has provided therapeutic services to clients nationwide. He is Licensed in 22 states and has served clients from all age groups. Over the years, Dr. Jeff has organized lectures and various events in the community, including excursions and retreats for couples to improve their communication and better understand each other. He has experience working with athletes in the NFL, NBA, and MLB. In addition, Dr. Jeff has also worked with clients in the Movie, Music, and Entertainment Industries.
(612) 482-7630 View (612) 482-7630
Photo of Jim Mallon, Counselor in 55343, MN
Jim Mallon
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
Hopkins, MN 55343
One goal together in therapy is to raise your awareness about why you do what you do. As we become more conscious we can make better choices and we function better in our lives. I am a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor and have practiced for the past 5 years. Most of my clients struggle with anxiety, depression, or where they are in their lives. I believe our adult behaviors are guided by things we can be unconscious about.
One goal together in therapy is to raise your awareness about why you do what you do. As we become more conscious we can make better choices and we function better in our lives. I am a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor and have practiced for the past 5 years. Most of my clients struggle with anxiety, depression, or where they are in their lives. I believe our adult behaviors are guided by things we can be unconscious about.
(612) 294-9773 View (612) 294-9773
Photo of Abby Peterfeso, Counselor in 55343, MN
Abby Peterfeso
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hopkins, MN 55343  (Online Only)
I see the best in others, and want to help you see this in yourself too! When we can wholeheartedly accept ourselves, and honestly and compassionately explore what's working and what's not, and what we truly value in life, then we can create meaningful change. Whether paralyzed by anxiety, sadness, past experiences, or beliefs that you aren't good enough, or are feeling unfulfilled, stuck, or overwhelmed by life stress, I can help. Together, we can work towards feeling more confident, capable, at ease, and connected.Colorado clients with UHC, Oxford, & Oscar insurance schedule here:https://headway.co/providers/abby-peterfeso
I see the best in others, and want to help you see this in yourself too! When we can wholeheartedly accept ourselves, and honestly and compassionately explore what's working and what's not, and what we truly value in life, then we can create meaningful change. Whether paralyzed by anxiety, sadness, past experiences, or beliefs that you aren't good enough, or are feeling unfulfilled, stuck, or overwhelmed by life stress, I can help. Together, we can work towards feeling more confident, capable, at ease, and connected.Colorado clients with UHC, Oxford, & Oscar insurance schedule here:https://headway.co/providers/abby-peterfeso
(763) 390-0946 View (763) 390-0946
Photo of Melanie Hultgren, Marriage & Family Therapist in 55343, MN
Melanie Hultgren
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Minnetonka, MN 55343  (Online Only)
Do you feel like you are having the same arguments with your partner, your child, or yourself? It is such a frustrating experience when you desperately want things to be different but can't figure out how to change them. That's where I come in! I consider it my privilege when my clients allow me to help them on their journey to leading a happier, more fulfilling life. I create a calm, caring, supportive, and non-judgmental environment to begin your therapeutic journey.
Do you feel like you are having the same arguments with your partner, your child, or yourself? It is such a frustrating experience when you desperately want things to be different but can't figure out how to change them. That's where I come in! I consider it my privilege when my clients allow me to help them on their journey to leading a happier, more fulfilling life. I create a calm, caring, supportive, and non-judgmental environment to begin your therapeutic journey.
(952) 777-7623 View (952) 777-7623
Photo of Ashley Sovereign, Psychologist in 55343, MN
Ashley Sovereign
Psychologist, PsyD, LP
Verified Verified
Hopkins, MN 55343
My overall philosophy as a counseling psychologist is that although therapy can be hard work, it should also be easy to get into, easy to get out of, and easy to return to when needed. I am a generalist with a focus on working with women, LGBTQ individuals and couples, developing professionals, and clinicians. My approach to psychotherapy is collaborative, and I incorporate a variety of treatment methods as appropriate, including process-experiential, narrative, and solution-focused strategies. I strive to create an environment where people feel supported and challenged to explore fears, discover strengths, and achieve goals.
My overall philosophy as a counseling psychologist is that although therapy can be hard work, it should also be easy to get into, easy to get out of, and easy to return to when needed. I am a generalist with a focus on working with women, LGBTQ individuals and couples, developing professionals, and clinicians. My approach to psychotherapy is collaborative, and I incorporate a variety of treatment methods as appropriate, including process-experiential, narrative, and solution-focused strategies. I strive to create an environment where people feel supported and challenged to explore fears, discover strengths, and achieve goals.
(612) 424-4831 View (612) 424-4831

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 55343

200+

Average cost per session

$175

Therapists in 55343 who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
89% Depression
77% Relationship Issues
73% Trauma and PTSD
70% Self Esteem
64% Stress
63% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

84% BlueCross and BlueShield
72% Aetna
71% HealthPartners of MN and WI

How Therapists in 55343 see their clients

82% In Person and Online
18% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
21% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 55343?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.