Therapists in Milwaukee, WI

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Photo of Claire Guy, LCSW, C-DBT, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Claire Guy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, C-DBT
Verified Verified
Milwaukee, WI 53226
Claire provides treatment for children, adolescents, and adults in a supportive, non-judgmental environment where clients feel safe to openly explore their thoughts and feelings and achieve positive change. As an empathic listener, she helps guide clients toward reaching their personal goals while learning skills to deal with challenges they face. Claire Mainly uses person-centered therapy and dialectical behavior therapy.
Claire provides treatment for children, adolescents, and adults in a supportive, non-judgmental environment where clients feel safe to openly explore their thoughts and feelings and achieve positive change. As an empathic listener, she helps guide clients toward reaching their personal goals while learning skills to deal with challenges they face. Claire Mainly uses person-centered therapy and dialectical behavior therapy.
(414) 928-2464 View (414) 928-2464
Photo of Gabby Steinbrenner, MA, MEd, LPC-IT, SAC-IT, Pre-Licensed Professional
Gabby Steinbrenner
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, MEd, LPC-IT, SAC-IT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Milwaukee, WI 53222
I work with a range of diverse clients who struggle with addiction and/ or mental health issues. Stepping down from a higher level of care and need ongoing support? Need someone to listen and process with you? First time in therapy? Regardless of your situation...I am willing to help. I want to be able to support you in meeting your goals, whatever they are. I am supportive of substance use reduction and/ or abstinence. I help you identify why you want to be sober to increase motivation to change.
I work with a range of diverse clients who struggle with addiction and/ or mental health issues. Stepping down from a higher level of care and need ongoing support? Need someone to listen and process with you? First time in therapy? Regardless of your situation...I am willing to help. I want to be able to support you in meeting your goals, whatever they are. I am supportive of substance use reduction and/ or abstinence. I help you identify why you want to be sober to increase motivation to change.
(262) 300-5615 View (262) 300-5615
Photo of Jade M Mueller, PhD, Psychologist
Jade M Mueller
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Milwaukee, WI 53211  (Online Only)
Hello, I'm Jade Mueller PhD and I'm honored to share my experiences with people who've been helped by the practice of psychology. They may have a feeling of loss, guilt, despair, anger or fear. They may be in the midst of a crisis of trauma, family disruption, chronic illness, aging or abuse. Together we look at all of it with 'kind eyes' and without judging. Often we can identify patterns, beliefs and experiences to heal or release that have led to setbacks in the past. They want support in developing or recovering their joy, confidence, self-worth and personal strengths. Clients can evolve toward their own vision of wholeness.
Hello, I'm Jade Mueller PhD and I'm honored to share my experiences with people who've been helped by the practice of psychology. They may have a feeling of loss, guilt, despair, anger or fear. They may be in the midst of a crisis of trauma, family disruption, chronic illness, aging or abuse. Together we look at all of it with 'kind eyes' and without judging. Often we can identify patterns, beliefs and experiences to heal or release that have led to setbacks in the past. They want support in developing or recovering their joy, confidence, self-worth and personal strengths. Clients can evolve toward their own vision of wholeness.
(414) 404-8084 x217 View (414) 404-8084 x217
Photo of Emma Nelson, MS, LPC, NCC, Counselor
Emma Nelson
Counselor, MS, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Milwaukee, WI 53202
Feeling anxious, stressed, or overwhelmed? Are you looking for support and ways to cope? Whether you are going through recent stressors or had past challenges, there is a path to a better tomorrow. Through exploration of your unique self, we can work together to guide you to your goals.
Feeling anxious, stressed, or overwhelmed? Are you looking for support and ways to cope? Whether you are going through recent stressors or had past challenges, there is a path to a better tomorrow. Through exploration of your unique self, we can work together to guide you to your goals.
(414) 296-9981 x504 View (414) 296-9981 x504
Photo of Pamela Safran Grzesk, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Pamela Safran Grzesk
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Milwaukee, WI 53202
Pamela Safran Grzesk is a mental health therapist with over 10 years of experience, specializing in crisis counseling, symptom management, and life transitions. Pamela's counseling style is Person-centered and integrative, utilizing evidence-based practices such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Motivational Interviewing to help people build insight and create lasting change in their lives. She celebrates human diversity and utilizes an understanding of various cultural and spiritual factors to partner with clients on their journeys of healing and wellness.
Pamela Safran Grzesk is a mental health therapist with over 10 years of experience, specializing in crisis counseling, symptom management, and life transitions. Pamela's counseling style is Person-centered and integrative, utilizing evidence-based practices such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Motivational Interviewing to help people build insight and create lasting change in their lives. She celebrates human diversity and utilizes an understanding of various cultural and spiritual factors to partner with clients on their journeys of healing and wellness.
(262) 239-4337 View (262) 239-4337
Photo of Nicole Scher-Hubing, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Nicole Scher-Hubing
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Milwaukee, WI 53207
Nickie is a licensed clinical social worker who has a bachelor's degree from the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, and a master's degree in social work from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Prior to practicing as an outpatient psychotherapist, she has previous experience working at Rogers Memorial Hospital and various university settings in order to assist adolescents, adults and families in dealing with a wide range of mental health issues. Nickie specializes in life and career transitions, mood disorders, anxiety, depression, communication, as well as infertility, pregnancy and postpartum mental health concerns.
Nickie is a licensed clinical social worker who has a bachelor's degree from the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, and a master's degree in social work from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Prior to practicing as an outpatient psychotherapist, she has previous experience working at Rogers Memorial Hospital and various university settings in order to assist adolescents, adults and families in dealing with a wide range of mental health issues. Nickie specializes in life and career transitions, mood disorders, anxiety, depression, communication, as well as infertility, pregnancy and postpartum mental health concerns.
(414) 348-1173 View (414) 348-1173
Photo of Eating Disorders And Anxiety Deva Murphy, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Eating Disorders And Anxiety Deva Murphy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Milwaukee, WI 53202
Are you feeling unhappy or overwhelmed with yourself and your life? Do you wish that you felt more in control and empowered during your day? I specialize in working with anyone who is seeking peace with food and their body, including eating disorders, poor body image, or feeling a loss of control over food or your body. I am also drawn to help those who struggle with trauma, depression, anxiety, grief, life transitions, and those who want to find joy and meaning in their life.
Are you feeling unhappy or overwhelmed with yourself and your life? Do you wish that you felt more in control and empowered during your day? I specialize in working with anyone who is seeking peace with food and their body, including eating disorders, poor body image, or feeling a loss of control over food or your body. I am also drawn to help those who struggle with trauma, depression, anxiety, grief, life transitions, and those who want to find joy and meaning in their life.
(414) 240-8526 View (414) 240-8526
Photo of Madison Schiller, LPC-IT, NCC, Counselor
Madison Schiller
Counselor, LPC-IT, NCC
Verified Verified
Milwaukee, WI 53202
Whether you are beginning your therapy journey, or looking to continue care, diving into therapy can be challenging and uncertain. So, I’m glad you’re here. I am a person-centered therapist who believes everyone has the power to create change and foster wellness in their lives.
Whether you are beginning your therapy journey, or looking to continue care, diving into therapy can be challenging and uncertain. So, I’m glad you’re here. I am a person-centered therapist who believes everyone has the power to create change and foster wellness in their lives.
(262) 624-0983 View (262) 624-0983
Photo of Nikole Bower, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Nikole Bower
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Milwaukee, WI 53202  (Online Only)
Hello, my name is Nikole Bower, I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) in WI. I have 8 years of experience working in mental and behavioral health, and over 15 years working with children. I serve clients with a vast array of mental health diagnoses. I specialize with individuals who experience anxiety, depression, postpartum, and trauma related disorders. Being a mother myself, I understand the daily challenges of motherhood/ parenthood. Let’s work together to identify and take control of daily stressors and work towards developing coping skills to better support building a healthier you.
Hello, my name is Nikole Bower, I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) in WI. I have 8 years of experience working in mental and behavioral health, and over 15 years working with children. I serve clients with a vast array of mental health diagnoses. I specialize with individuals who experience anxiety, depression, postpartum, and trauma related disorders. Being a mother myself, I understand the daily challenges of motherhood/ parenthood. Let’s work together to identify and take control of daily stressors and work towards developing coping skills to better support building a healthier you.
(262) 537-5733 View (262) 537-5733
Photo of Heather Ann Hodorowski, MS, LPC, MT-BC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Heather Ann Hodorowski
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, MT-BC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Milwaukee, WI 53223  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor and a Board-Certified Music Therapist with over 20 years or experience with clients across the lifespan in medical settings and various levels of care in mental and behavioral health. I am a strength-based counselor who takes a person-centered approach and takes the time to develop a strong rapport with my clients. Every client is unique and brings with them their own individual stressors, life circumstances, and stories. I am here to honor that.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor and a Board-Certified Music Therapist with over 20 years or experience with clients across the lifespan in medical settings and various levels of care in mental and behavioral health. I am a strength-based counselor who takes a person-centered approach and takes the time to develop a strong rapport with my clients. Every client is unique and brings with them their own individual stressors, life circumstances, and stories. I am here to honor that.
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Photo of Paige Bintz, APSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Paige Bintz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, APSW
Verified Verified
Milwaukee, WI 53222
Not accepting new clients
Welcome! I am so happy that you are taking the hardest and most important step in your mental health journey - finding a therapist that is right for YOU! I work with a multitude of people from different backgrounds and goals. However, the ones that I find I have the most successful relationships with are young adults in their 20s-30s dealing with transitions into emerging adulthood. We are constantly bombarded with the push to be perfect (supermom, money mindset, 75 hard etc.) But why run yourself into the ground when you can live by your values and be your most authentic self? I can help you along that journey!
Welcome! I am so happy that you are taking the hardest and most important step in your mental health journey - finding a therapist that is right for YOU! I work with a multitude of people from different backgrounds and goals. However, the ones that I find I have the most successful relationships with are young adults in their 20s-30s dealing with transitions into emerging adulthood. We are constantly bombarded with the push to be perfect (supermom, money mindset, 75 hard etc.) But why run yourself into the ground when you can live by your values and be your most authentic self? I can help you along that journey!
(414) 810-4844 x122 View (414) 810-4844 x122
Photo of Barbara Bartlein, RN, MSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Barbara Bartlein
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, RN, MSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Milwaukee, WI 53225
Are you feeling a bit down lately? Struggling to find joy in your daily life or feeling stuck professionally? Let's work together to develop a strategy that can bring about the positive changes you're seeking. As a supportive and empathetic counselor, I'm here to listen and provide the resources you need.
Are you feeling a bit down lately? Struggling to find joy in your daily life or feeling stuck professionally? Let's work together to develop a strategy that can bring about the positive changes you're seeking. As a supportive and empathetic counselor, I'm here to listen and provide the resources you need.
(414) 867-2335 View (414) 867-2335
Photo of Patricia A Aniakudo, LPC, LCSW, CSAC, ICS, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Patricia A Aniakudo
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LPC, LCSW, CSAC, ICS
Verified Verified
Milwaukee, WI 53213  (Online Only)
My name is Patricia Aniakudo. I have over 30 years of experience in the field and am happy to walk with you on your path as you develop and meet your goals. A little bit about me; I have Master’s in Clinical Psychology and a Master’s in Social Work. Over the years I have trained and specialized in multiple areas such as: gender specific treatment for women and men, filial (parent/child) therapy, trauma informed/trauma specific treatments including responding to and managing chronic community violence, Criminality, Violence in Families, Gambling, Addiction, Parenting & Co-Parenting. individuals/ families involved in multiple systems.
My name is Patricia Aniakudo. I have over 30 years of experience in the field and am happy to walk with you on your path as you develop and meet your goals. A little bit about me; I have Master’s in Clinical Psychology and a Master’s in Social Work. Over the years I have trained and specialized in multiple areas such as: gender specific treatment for women and men, filial (parent/child) therapy, trauma informed/trauma specific treatments including responding to and managing chronic community violence, Criminality, Violence in Families, Gambling, Addiction, Parenting & Co-Parenting. individuals/ families involved in multiple systems.
(414) 626-0624 View (414) 626-0624
Photo of Jill Plaisted, MS, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Jill Plaisted
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Milwaukee, WI 53201  (Online Only)
I have been in the mental health/ counseling field for 15 years, having worked in community and out­patient settings with AODA and mental health clients. I also have training in AODA, Anger Management, and Trauma Informed Care. I work with adolescents, individuals, and families. I also work with clients that are sexual abuse survivors, trauma, depression, anxiety, and behavioral issues. I have experience with Motivational Interviewing, CBT, DBT, AODA, Solution Focused, and Person Centered counseling. I believe in using eclectic modalities as a counselor as every client needs specified treatment.
I have been in the mental health/ counseling field for 15 years, having worked in community and out­patient settings with AODA and mental health clients. I also have training in AODA, Anger Management, and Trauma Informed Care. I work with adolescents, individuals, and families. I also work with clients that are sexual abuse survivors, trauma, depression, anxiety, and behavioral issues. I have experience with Motivational Interviewing, CBT, DBT, AODA, Solution Focused, and Person Centered counseling. I believe in using eclectic modalities as a counselor as every client needs specified treatment.
(262) 233-1616 View (262) 233-1616
Photo of Brittni Bowie, LPC, CEDS-C, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Brittni Bowie
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, CEDS-C, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Milwaukee, WI 53202  (Online Only)
I believe that at the core of our humanity lies the profound need for connection, and it's within this bond that transformation thrives. My mission is to dismantle the shackles of diet culture, foster a healthy relationship with food, cultivate a positive body image, and empower you to embrace the life you envision. Utilizing evidence-based techniques such as CBT, DBT, and RO DBT, I strive to empower you to step outside your comfort zone and embrace life's challenges with resilience. In our sessions, you are free to be authentically yourself, whether that means showing up in pajamas or accompanied by a furry friend.
I believe that at the core of our humanity lies the profound need for connection, and it's within this bond that transformation thrives. My mission is to dismantle the shackles of diet culture, foster a healthy relationship with food, cultivate a positive body image, and empower you to embrace the life you envision. Utilizing evidence-based techniques such as CBT, DBT, and RO DBT, I strive to empower you to step outside your comfort zone and embrace life's challenges with resilience. In our sessions, you are free to be authentically yourself, whether that means showing up in pajamas or accompanied by a furry friend.
(262) 300-5035 View (262) 300-5035
Photo of Lori Marhefke, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Lori Marhefke
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Milwaukee, WI 53215
Welcome! My name is Lori Marhefke. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) in the State of Wisconsin. My approach to therapy is holistic and person-centered. I typically focus on anxiety, panic, grief, trauma, and shame. I work with a variety of clients. Most of my clients are facing very stressful life transitions related to work, school, or family. I am comfortable treating anxiety, panic, grief, trauma and shame.
Welcome! My name is Lori Marhefke. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) in the State of Wisconsin. My approach to therapy is holistic and person-centered. I typically focus on anxiety, panic, grief, trauma, and shame. I work with a variety of clients. Most of my clients are facing very stressful life transitions related to work, school, or family. I am comfortable treating anxiety, panic, grief, trauma and shame.
(414) 246-4121 View (414) 246-4121
Photo of Angel Bell, AA, SAC-IT, SAC(ce), Drug & Alcohol Counselor
Angel Bell
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, AA, SAC-IT, SAC(ce)
Verified Verified
Milwaukee, WI 53222
Accepting New Clients! In life we are faced with various of different challenges, but we don’t have to allow the challenges we face to consume us or face them alone. Together, we can work through those challenges and you can begin to experience the life you desire to live. My focus is to help develop a customized plan of hope and healing to individuals suffering from Substance Abuse and Alcohol use. I enjoy working with a variety of clients from all walks of life.
Accepting New Clients! In life we are faced with various of different challenges, but we don’t have to allow the challenges we face to consume us or face them alone. Together, we can work through those challenges and you can begin to experience the life you desire to live. My focus is to help develop a customized plan of hope and healing to individuals suffering from Substance Abuse and Alcohol use. I enjoy working with a variety of clients from all walks of life.
(414) 667-7858 View (414) 667-7858
Photo of Ryan Larkey, LCSW, SAC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Ryan Larkey
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, SAC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Milwaukee, WI 53215  (Online Only)
Many of us struggle daily with issues like anxiety, stress, depression, anger or just feeling misunderstood. We may feel stuck and ashamed at our inability to just will ourselves into being "better". This internal suffering is so common, but the good news is we all possess an internal capacity for change. It hurts to feel "stuck", but making changes can also be hard to do on our own. I have years of experience working with folks with anxiety, depression, relationship issues, addiction, stress and other personal challenges. I am specially trained and committed to supporting clients in the LGBTQ community and immigrant populations.
Many of us struggle daily with issues like anxiety, stress, depression, anger or just feeling misunderstood. We may feel stuck and ashamed at our inability to just will ourselves into being "better". This internal suffering is so common, but the good news is we all possess an internal capacity for change. It hurts to feel "stuck", but making changes can also be hard to do on our own. I have years of experience working with folks with anxiety, depression, relationship issues, addiction, stress and other personal challenges. I am specially trained and committed to supporting clients in the LGBTQ community and immigrant populations.
(262) 233-9635 View (262) 233-9635
Photo of Jennifer Hastings Meinholdt, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Jennifer Hastings Meinholdt
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Milwaukee, WI 53202
Are you struggling with anxiety? Relationship issues troubling you? Going through a large life transition? I will work with you to discover what is interfering with your having the life you want. We will work together to achieve your goals and restore your sense of joy in activities, life and relationships.
Are you struggling with anxiety? Relationship issues troubling you? Going through a large life transition? I will work with you to discover what is interfering with your having the life you want. We will work together to achieve your goals and restore your sense of joy in activities, life and relationships.
(414) 441-6283 View (414) 441-6283
Photo of Caitlin Walsh, MS, LPC, ATR, Licensed Professional Counselor
Caitlin Walsh
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, ATR
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Milwaukee, WI 53202
Do you find yourself anxious and worried no matter what you do? Challenges connecting in relationships? Getting stuck in negative thoughts about yourself? Feeling like your grief and pain might consume you? You may be at your limit with how anxiety, relationships, self esteem or grief are negatively impacting your life and maybe you feel powerless to change it. You might not remember a time when things felt better. One thing is for sure: you are ready for some relief. You are ready to not feel anxious all the time, to have connected relationships, feel positive about yourself and honor your grief in healthy ways.
Do you find yourself anxious and worried no matter what you do? Challenges connecting in relationships? Getting stuck in negative thoughts about yourself? Feeling like your grief and pain might consume you? You may be at your limit with how anxiety, relationships, self esteem or grief are negatively impacting your life and maybe you feel powerless to change it. You might not remember a time when things felt better. One thing is for sure: you are ready for some relief. You are ready to not feel anxious all the time, to have connected relationships, feel positive about yourself and honor your grief in healthy ways.
(414) 422-8593 View (414) 422-8593

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Milwaukee, WI

800+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Milwaukee, WI who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
90% Depression
71% Trauma and PTSD
68% Relationship Issues
67% Self Esteem
63% Life Transitions
62% Stress

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

76% Aetna
74% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
67% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in Milwaukee, WI see their clients

75% In Person and Online
25% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
18% Male
2% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Milwaukee?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.