Therapists in Washington, DC

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Photo of Latia Taliaferro, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Latia Taliaferro
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20002  (Online Only)
Latia Taliaferro is a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) with over 10 years of experience in the mental health field, specifically in community and school settings. Her clinical experience includes empowering young adults, adults, and families to access inner compassion, wisdom, and trust to build hope and resiliency as they navigate expected and unexpected experiences. Latia specializes in treating mood, anxiety, trauma, and stress stemming from relational challenges, grief, difficulties at work, and other life transitions.
Latia Taliaferro is a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) with over 10 years of experience in the mental health field, specifically in community and school settings. Her clinical experience includes empowering young adults, adults, and families to access inner compassion, wisdom, and trust to build hope and resiliency as they navigate expected and unexpected experiences. Latia specializes in treating mood, anxiety, trauma, and stress stemming from relational challenges, grief, difficulties at work, and other life transitions.
(844) 536-0627 View (844) 536-0627
Photo of Alexandra Jacobi, MS, LPC, LCPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Alexandra Jacobi
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, LCPC
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20036  (Online Only)
Welcome! By visiting my page, you're already one step closer to building a life that you love. I work best with clients (mostly in the early to middle adulthood age range) who feel anxious, depressed, inferior, out-of-balance, insecure, defensive, weak, traumatized, overwhelmed, defeated and/or maladjusted; as well as those who simply just want to develop insight into their own psychological world. I will help you to identify and process root wounds and sources of suffering in order to help you not only heal and bounce back, but to actually bounce forward, in your life. Expect to move towards healing, balance, and optimal wellness.
Welcome! By visiting my page, you're already one step closer to building a life that you love. I work best with clients (mostly in the early to middle adulthood age range) who feel anxious, depressed, inferior, out-of-balance, insecure, defensive, weak, traumatized, overwhelmed, defeated and/or maladjusted; as well as those who simply just want to develop insight into their own psychological world. I will help you to identify and process root wounds and sources of suffering in order to help you not only heal and bounce back, but to actually bounce forward, in your life. Expect to move towards healing, balance, and optimal wellness.
(410) 449-7673 View (410) 449-7673
Photo of Laura J Winton, MSW, LICSW, LCSW-C, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Laura J Winton
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW, LCSW-C
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20016
"Lives, hopes and dreams can be actualized." My approach is open minded and non-judgmental, embracing individuality and strength while assisting the development of understanding and acceptance. In my 33 years of experience providing psychotherapy, I have developed expertise in individualized treatment of anxiety, depression, mood disorders, substance use and trauma. I utilize Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Dialectic Behavioral Therapy. Working with young adults and adults, I offer individualized specialized therapy. Treatment offered targets understanding and management of emotions, surviving and managing crisis, being present and mindful, interpersonal effectiveness, and learning to think and behave in ways that enhance life and building a better future.
"Lives, hopes and dreams can be actualized." My approach is open minded and non-judgmental, embracing individuality and strength while assisting the development of understanding and acceptance. In my 33 years of experience providing psychotherapy, I have developed expertise in individualized treatment of anxiety, depression, mood disorders, substance use and trauma. I utilize Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Dialectic Behavioral Therapy. Working with young adults and adults, I offer individualized specialized therapy. Treatment offered targets understanding and management of emotions, surviving and managing crisis, being present and mindful, interpersonal effectiveness, and learning to think and behave in ways that enhance life and building a better future.
(301) 804-2287 View (301) 804-2287
Photo of Sonia Kotecha, LICSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Sonia Kotecha
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20006  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
If you are feeling stressed, anxious, or overwhelmed, therapy can be a safe, non-judgmental, space to process your emotions and gain clarity on what might be contributing to your distress. I would seek to understand your unique situation and perspective, and we would uncover thinking and behavior patterns getting in your way. Whether it's having the tools and skills to cope with daily stressors, managing anxiety, improving relationships, increasing your self-confidence, to living a more purpose-driven life, together, we would develop customized strategies to help meet your desired outcome.
If you are feeling stressed, anxious, or overwhelmed, therapy can be a safe, non-judgmental, space to process your emotions and gain clarity on what might be contributing to your distress. I would seek to understand your unique situation and perspective, and we would uncover thinking and behavior patterns getting in your way. Whether it's having the tools and skills to cope with daily stressors, managing anxiety, improving relationships, increasing your self-confidence, to living a more purpose-driven life, together, we would develop customized strategies to help meet your desired outcome.
(202) 804-1541 View (202) 804-1541
Photo of Ellen Connell, PsyD, Psychologist
Ellen Connell
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20006
You are seeking therapy because it is time to make a change. Whether it’s your attachment with others, your anxiety levels, or your unresolved grief over life’s losses, something needs to shift before you can move toward the life you want. As an integrative psychologist, I love helping individuals and couples uncover what is most important to them, as well as what is getting in the way, so that they can begin to live with a greater sense of purpose, connection, and well-being. I would love to help you do the same.
You are seeking therapy because it is time to make a change. Whether it’s your attachment with others, your anxiety levels, or your unresolved grief over life’s losses, something needs to shift before you can move toward the life you want. As an integrative psychologist, I love helping individuals and couples uncover what is most important to them, as well as what is getting in the way, so that they can begin to live with a greater sense of purpose, connection, and well-being. I would love to help you do the same.
(202) 759-2619 View (202) 759-2619
Photo of James Dubry, MA, NCC, LGPC, CTP, Counselor
James Dubry
Counselor, MA, NCC, LGPC, CTP
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20036
Hey there! I'm genuinely thrilled to share my passion for psychotherapy, particularly in supporting a diverse group of adults, including LGBTQ+ individuals like myself. I have a strong background in assisting LGBTQ individuals, college students, and veterans from various backgrounds. My time as a first responder has given me insights into stress, burnout, and compassion fatigue that I bring to my work with clients facing similar challenges. I focus on issues like loss, grief, anxiety, and depression, drawing from my extensive experience and training. Building trust with my clients is paramount and leads to more rewarding results.
Hey there! I'm genuinely thrilled to share my passion for psychotherapy, particularly in supporting a diverse group of adults, including LGBTQ+ individuals like myself. I have a strong background in assisting LGBTQ individuals, college students, and veterans from various backgrounds. My time as a first responder has given me insights into stress, burnout, and compassion fatigue that I bring to my work with clients facing similar challenges. I focus on issues like loss, grief, anxiety, and depression, drawing from my extensive experience and training. Building trust with my clients is paramount and leads to more rewarding results.
(202) 980-4408 View (202) 980-4408
Photo of Doug Eifert, LGPC, Counselor
Doug Eifert
Counselor, LGPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20009
Life can place difficult obstacles in our path. Challenges at work, with relationships, or from our childhood can feel overwhelming. My goal is to help you move those obstacles out of your way. I specialize in supporting people challenged by anxiety, depression, emotional dysregulation, and substance use. I work with adults in individual and group therapy.
Life can place difficult obstacles in our path. Challenges at work, with relationships, or from our childhood can feel overwhelming. My goal is to help you move those obstacles out of your way. I specialize in supporting people challenged by anxiety, depression, emotional dysregulation, and substance use. I work with adults in individual and group therapy.
(855) 304-3630 x132 View (855) 304-3630 x132
Christine L. Zepka, LICSW, PLLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20037
Strengthen your quality of life. Emotional and psychological stress can create significant difficulties in reaching one's life goals. As a licensed independent clinical social worker, I provide intensive psychotherapy for adults, couples, college students, veterans and adolescents. My clinical focus involves working collaboratively to identify and treat painful symptoms that can lead to struggles in work, school and relationships.
Strengthen your quality of life. Emotional and psychological stress can create significant difficulties in reaching one's life goals. As a licensed independent clinical social worker, I provide intensive psychotherapy for adults, couples, college students, veterans and adolescents. My clinical focus involves working collaboratively to identify and treat painful symptoms that can lead to struggles in work, school and relationships.
(202) 751-4299 View (202) 751-4299
Photo of John Weibel, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
John Weibel
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20036
Not accepting new clients
[I am not taking new clients] There are times in life when we feel "stuck" and unable to move forward to live the life that we desire and deserve. While it takes strength and courage to reach out for help, the rewards of therapy are life-changing. I assist clients in identifying what may be holding them back. I empower clients to gain insight into underlying issues, heal deep wounds, and master the tools to create the life they desire and deserve. I am passionate about the therapeutic work I do and enjoy forming strong alliances with my clients, partnering with them throughout their personal journey of growth and discovery.
[I am not taking new clients] There are times in life when we feel "stuck" and unable to move forward to live the life that we desire and deserve. While it takes strength and courage to reach out for help, the rewards of therapy are life-changing. I assist clients in identifying what may be holding them back. I empower clients to gain insight into underlying issues, heal deep wounds, and master the tools to create the life they desire and deserve. I am passionate about the therapeutic work I do and enjoy forming strong alliances with my clients, partnering with them throughout their personal journey of growth and discovery.
(202) 873-9801 View (202) 873-9801
Photo of Tenesha Wallace, LGSW, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Tenesha Wallace
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LGSW, LMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20006  (Online Only)
While at PC Milestones LLC, I am a compassionate and dedicated licensed social worker with a passion for supporting women through critical life transitions and the challenges of navigating unhealthy romantic relationships. With over five years of experience in the field of mental health, I have honed expertise in providing empathetic, client-centered therapy that empowers women to reclaim their sense of self-worth and navigate their paths towards healthier, fulfilling lives.
While at PC Milestones LLC, I am a compassionate and dedicated licensed social worker with a passion for supporting women through critical life transitions and the challenges of navigating unhealthy romantic relationships. With over five years of experience in the field of mental health, I have honed expertise in providing empathetic, client-centered therapy that empowers women to reclaim their sense of self-worth and navigate their paths towards healthier, fulfilling lives.
(855) 523-1390 View (855) 523-1390
Photo of Leslie Cooper, PhD, ABPP, Psychologist
Leslie Cooper
Psychologist, PhD, ABPP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20016  (Online Only)
The pandemic has challenged our connection to those we love, to finding and sustaining new friendships, to our sense of belonging. For some of us, depression and anxiety are affecting us as never before. How can we get our needs met during this time of uncertainty? I believe that together we can make a plan to live our best possible life, keeping hope in our hearts, connecting with our loved ones, adapting and adjusting to this new world.
The pandemic has challenged our connection to those we love, to finding and sustaining new friendships, to our sense of belonging. For some of us, depression and anxiety are affecting us as never before. How can we get our needs met during this time of uncertainty? I believe that together we can make a plan to live our best possible life, keeping hope in our hearts, connecting with our loved ones, adapting and adjusting to this new world.
(202) 866-4048 View (202) 866-4048
Photo of Julia Han, PhD, Psychologist
Julia Han
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20006
Welcome to my site. Finding the right therapist can be daunting, so let me give you a sense of how I work. Most appreciate how engaged & active I am, We will explore not only the reasons for your difficulties, BUT more importantly, how stress affects your body; how you internalize thoughts of self & others. Thoughts lead to-> Beliefs -> Habits; automatic responses. I will give you tools to help with difficult emotions. I specialize in: 1) postpartum, 2) trauma/grief, 3) non-traditional family formation, 4) adoption, 5) ThirdCultureKid, 6) LGBTQ. I am open to explore non-traditional methods to assist you in the healing process.
Welcome to my site. Finding the right therapist can be daunting, so let me give you a sense of how I work. Most appreciate how engaged & active I am, We will explore not only the reasons for your difficulties, BUT more importantly, how stress affects your body; how you internalize thoughts of self & others. Thoughts lead to-> Beliefs -> Habits; automatic responses. I will give you tools to help with difficult emotions. I specialize in: 1) postpartum, 2) trauma/grief, 3) non-traditional family formation, 4) adoption, 5) ThirdCultureKid, 6) LGBTQ. I am open to explore non-traditional methods to assist you in the healing process.
(202) 643-2966 View (202) 643-2966
Photo of Erika Arnold-McEwan, MSW, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Erika Arnold-McEwan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20036  (Online Only)
My clinical approach is always mindful of attachment needs, brain development, and how chronic stress impacts one's brain and body. If you have experienced traumatic stress you may be experiencing the following reactions: struggling with daily functioning; difficulty focusing; negative beliefs about self and others; difficulty feeling positive emotions; angry outbursts; flashbacks; feeling tense, on edge, or easily startled; physical pain; significant self-blame and shame; avoidance of traumatic memories, thoughts, feelings, and situations; nightmares; or difficulty falling and staying asleep.
My clinical approach is always mindful of attachment needs, brain development, and how chronic stress impacts one's brain and body. If you have experienced traumatic stress you may be experiencing the following reactions: struggling with daily functioning; difficulty focusing; negative beliefs about self and others; difficulty feeling positive emotions; angry outbursts; flashbacks; feeling tense, on edge, or easily startled; physical pain; significant self-blame and shame; avoidance of traumatic memories, thoughts, feelings, and situations; nightmares; or difficulty falling and staying asleep.
(651) 427-3310 x504 View (651) 427-3310 x504
Photo of Kimberly N. Robinson, PhD, Psychologist
Kimberly N. Robinson
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20002  (Online Only)
Simply put, an ideal client is the one who just shows up. Whether or not you have been gently encouraged to seek therapy or you have made the decision on your own, it takes courage and intention to move forward on your journey towards growth, self-awareness, and healing. I tend to work well with clients who appreciate elevating and employing their level of introspection and insight. Ideal clients prefer and are open to delving deeper beneath the surface while at the same time understanding and appreciating the importance of behavioral based tools, techniques and interventions that ultimately help practical functionality.
Simply put, an ideal client is the one who just shows up. Whether or not you have been gently encouraged to seek therapy or you have made the decision on your own, it takes courage and intention to move forward on your journey towards growth, self-awareness, and healing. I tend to work well with clients who appreciate elevating and employing their level of introspection and insight. Ideal clients prefer and are open to delving deeper beneath the surface while at the same time understanding and appreciating the importance of behavioral based tools, techniques and interventions that ultimately help practical functionality.
(202) 952-8522 View (202) 952-8522
Photo of Erin Reese, MA, MAIPCR, PhD, Psychologist
Erin Reese
Psychologist, MA, MAIPCR, PhD
Verified Verified
9 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20036  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I specialize in helping my clients to feel a sense of freedom or relief from their anxious thoughts, while also exploring pathways for longer lasting personal and relational change. I work very collaboratively, and my goal is to help my clients to be more comfortable in their minds and effective in their lives. I take a research-informed treatment approach and I see this work as not only a way to get through a crisis or reduce a symptom, but as a path toward having a better toolkit for managing obstacles in the future.
I specialize in helping my clients to feel a sense of freedom or relief from their anxious thoughts, while also exploring pathways for longer lasting personal and relational change. I work very collaboratively, and my goal is to help my clients to be more comfortable in their minds and effective in their lives. I take a research-informed treatment approach and I see this work as not only a way to get through a crisis or reduce a symptom, but as a path toward having a better toolkit for managing obstacles in the future.
(202) 946-4527 View (202) 946-4527
Photo of Sheila M Cahill, JD, MSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Sheila M Cahill
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, JD, MSW
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20016
A therapist for the last 23 years, I spent the twenty preceding years in large firm law practice in SF, DC and NY. At almost. the last minute, i grabbed hold of my life, and turned it upside down. This turned out very well. Now, every day I get to delight in working with people in a frank and open way, with the aim of changing their lives for the better. Life is difficult — there’s no way around that. But when you and your therapist are a good fit, the therapy relationship can expand your world, deepen your knowledge of yourself, improve your relationships, and release you to a life you can enjoy more fully and freely.
A therapist for the last 23 years, I spent the twenty preceding years in large firm law practice in SF, DC and NY. At almost. the last minute, i grabbed hold of my life, and turned it upside down. This turned out very well. Now, every day I get to delight in working with people in a frank and open way, with the aim of changing their lives for the better. Life is difficult — there’s no way around that. But when you and your therapist are a good fit, the therapy relationship can expand your world, deepen your knowledge of yourself, improve your relationships, and release you to a life you can enjoy more fully and freely.
(202) 643-6936 View (202) 643-6936
Photo of Margo Silberstein, EdD, Psychologist
Margo Silberstein
Psychologist, EdD
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20016  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Ready to get to the heart of the matter? This is what I aspire to do in collaboration with you. Whatever the issues you face, we can help to clarify what is happening with you and identify the steps involved in clearing away any logjams in the flow of your life.
Ready to get to the heart of the matter? This is what I aspire to do in collaboration with you. Whatever the issues you face, we can help to clarify what is happening with you and identify the steps involved in clearing away any logjams in the flow of your life.
(202) 793-4435 View (202) 793-4435
Photo of Erika Philip, LGPC, MA, Counselor
Erika Philip
Counselor, LGPC, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20020
As a clinical therapist trained in Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) with 25 years in the global trauma sector and 9 years of therapeutic practice, I am deeply committed to aiding clients who are engaged, earnest, and genuine. My expertise lies in addressing issues such as trauma, vicarious trauma, and fostering work-life balance, with a focus on enhancing long-term mental health through EMDR. My professional journey, richly interwoven with global experiences, has provided me with a keen understanding of both the rewards and challenges faced by "helpful professionals".
As a clinical therapist trained in Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) with 25 years in the global trauma sector and 9 years of therapeutic practice, I am deeply committed to aiding clients who are engaged, earnest, and genuine. My expertise lies in addressing issues such as trauma, vicarious trauma, and fostering work-life balance, with a focus on enhancing long-term mental health through EMDR. My professional journey, richly interwoven with global experiences, has provided me with a keen understanding of both the rewards and challenges faced by "helpful professionals".
(202) 759-8649 View (202) 759-8649
Photo of Lisa Ghali, LICSW, LCSW-C, MSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lisa Ghali
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, LCSW-C, MSW
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20010  (Online Only)
As a holistic therapist, I work collaboratively with my clients, building on their strengths to help them reach their full potential. With a Masters in both clinical and macro Social Work from New York University, I've been applying my skills to support individuals and organizations since 2006. With extensive international experience, I've worked with diverse people and cultures, fostering a non-judgmental space for each individual to share their unique story.
As a holistic therapist, I work collaboratively with my clients, building on their strengths to help them reach their full potential. With a Masters in both clinical and macro Social Work from New York University, I've been applying my skills to support individuals and organizations since 2006. With extensive international experience, I've worked with diverse people and cultures, fostering a non-judgmental space for each individual to share their unique story.
(202) 952-2705 View (202) 952-2705
Photo of Lauren Zazzarino, MS, LGPC, NCC, Counselor
Lauren Zazzarino
Counselor, MS, LGPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20005
As a counselor, I have worked with clients of various age, gender, and background in the community mental health setting. I have helped clients with issues such as depression, anxiety, stress, trauma, and substance abuse.
As a counselor, I have worked with clients of various age, gender, and background in the community mental health setting. I have helped clients with issues such as depression, anxiety, stress, trauma, and substance abuse.
(202) 838-5457 View (202) 838-5457
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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Washington, DC

3,000+

Average cost per session

$180

Therapists in Washington, DC who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
88% Depression
81% Relationship Issues
77% Self Esteem
68% Trauma and PTSD
68% Stress
65% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

63% BlueCross and BlueShield
57% CareFirst
53% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Washington, DC see their clients

55% In Person and Online
45% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
18% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Washington?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.