Therapists in Washington, DC

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Photo of Laura White, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Laura White
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20002  (Online Only)
Finding support for our unique human experience can be a beautiful journey. I offer therapeutic services to adults dealing with anxiety, stress and other attention issues like ADHD. I also focus on marriage and parenthood and helping new parents through their postpartum journey. Finding the right therapist can take time so please reach out for a consult to see if we are the right fit!
Finding support for our unique human experience can be a beautiful journey. I offer therapeutic services to adults dealing with anxiety, stress and other attention issues like ADHD. I also focus on marriage and parenthood and helping new parents through their postpartum journey. Finding the right therapist can take time so please reach out for a consult to see if we are the right fit!
(424) 367-0395 View (424) 367-0395
Photo of Maria Thestrup, PhD, Psychologist
Maria Thestrup
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20036
Everyone has the potential to change, grow and heal. I believe that psychotherapy can be a powerful tool toward those ends. Effective therapy requires an accepting and authentic therapist-client relationship, and I strive to create an environment filled with warmth, trust and understanding. I will encourage you to deepen your understanding of your experiences and emotional life. As most people enter therapy during a time of heightened discomfort, I also strive to quickly identify areas of concern, develop an approach that feels comfortable, and help you find greater fulfillment in your life.
Everyone has the potential to change, grow and heal. I believe that psychotherapy can be a powerful tool toward those ends. Effective therapy requires an accepting and authentic therapist-client relationship, and I strive to create an environment filled with warmth, trust and understanding. I will encourage you to deepen your understanding of your experiences and emotional life. As most people enter therapy during a time of heightened discomfort, I also strive to quickly identify areas of concern, develop an approach that feels comfortable, and help you find greater fulfillment in your life.
(703) 574-2590 View (703) 574-2590
Photo of Brandy Engler - Silver Lake Psychology--Washington DC location, PsyD, Psychologist
Silver Lake Psychology--Washington DC location
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20009
Learn how to feel more connected to yourself, others and the world around you. Therapy provides all the elements of intimacy: honest communication, vulnerability and trust. Good therapy is challenging yet warm, providing both structure and empathy for your unique experience. We are a collective of therapists with a wide range of specialties. Our intake professionals will help connect you with the right therapist for your needs. We make appointments easy, offering evenings and weekends and flexibility for creative professionals who can't make the same time each week.
Learn how to feel more connected to yourself, others and the world around you. Therapy provides all the elements of intimacy: honest communication, vulnerability and trust. Good therapy is challenging yet warm, providing both structure and empathy for your unique experience. We are a collective of therapists with a wide range of specialties. Our intake professionals will help connect you with the right therapist for your needs. We make appointments easy, offering evenings and weekends and flexibility for creative professionals who can't make the same time each week.
(202) 918-3447 View (202) 918-3447
Photo of Lillian DePetrillo, PhD, Psychologist
Lillian DePetrillo
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20036  (Online Only)
I am a licensed clinical psychologist who sees adolescent and adult clients for individual and couples therapy. I take an integrative CBT approach utilizing empirically supported treatments and focus on mood and anxiety disorders with specific clinical and research interests in trauma, OCD, and mindfulness meditation. I specialize in treating eating disorders, body image, and self-esteem concerns. Therapy is a collaborative approach- with kindness and compassion we build trust and work together as a team to relieve symptoms and meet your goals for therapy.
I am a licensed clinical psychologist who sees adolescent and adult clients for individual and couples therapy. I take an integrative CBT approach utilizing empirically supported treatments and focus on mood and anxiety disorders with specific clinical and research interests in trauma, OCD, and mindfulness meditation. I specialize in treating eating disorders, body image, and self-esteem concerns. Therapy is a collaborative approach- with kindness and compassion we build trust and work together as a team to relieve symptoms and meet your goals for therapy.
(202) 978-6731 View (202) 978-6731
Photo of Yvette Brown, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Yvette Brown
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20036  (Online Only)
With over 25 years of experience as an educated and trained social worker, I have dedicated my career to supporting individuals, couples, and families. As a licensed therapist for 17 years, I initially began working with children and families within the foster care and the educational system. Throughout my professional journey, I have taken pride in offering guidance and support to individuals, couples, and families, striving to empower them to overcome challenges and achieve their goals.
With over 25 years of experience as an educated and trained social worker, I have dedicated my career to supporting individuals, couples, and families. As a licensed therapist for 17 years, I initially began working with children and families within the foster care and the educational system. Throughout my professional journey, I have taken pride in offering guidance and support to individuals, couples, and families, striving to empower them to overcome challenges and achieve their goals.
(877) 395-4793 View (877) 395-4793
Photo of Kristin Staroba - Kristin Staroba LICSW, LCSW-C, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kristin Staroba LICSW
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C, LICSW
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20036
Each of us arrives at a moment when we need help. Relationships, work, health, family, money, dreams for the future or pain from the past--all impact our self-image, mood, and energy. Maybe now you've hit a bump in the road. Perhaps past events and feelings are getting in your way. Or you feel ready to make some changes. As a therapist, I join practiced clinical skills with empathic warmth. I see therapy as a process in which we learn from the past so you can make more satisfying choices now--creating a fulfilling future.
Each of us arrives at a moment when we need help. Relationships, work, health, family, money, dreams for the future or pain from the past--all impact our self-image, mood, and energy. Maybe now you've hit a bump in the road. Perhaps past events and feelings are getting in your way. Or you feel ready to make some changes. As a therapist, I join practiced clinical skills with empathic warmth. I see therapy as a process in which we learn from the past so you can make more satisfying choices now--creating a fulfilling future.
(301) 850-6349 View (301) 850-6349
Photo of Emily Hamberger, MA, EdM , LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Emily Hamberger
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, EdM , LPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20016
Are you struggling to have a healthy relationship with yourself or with others? Does it often feel like happiness comes more easily to other people than it does to you? Or that somewhere along the way, you stumbled or lost your way, and are fighting to find it again? Let me assure you that you deserve and are capable of joy and growth. My work has shown me that happiness does not mean feeling "good" all the time, but rather being strong enough to tolerate all that life throws at us. Maybe you have been thrown an awful lot.
Are you struggling to have a healthy relationship with yourself or with others? Does it often feel like happiness comes more easily to other people than it does to you? Or that somewhere along the way, you stumbled or lost your way, and are fighting to find it again? Let me assure you that you deserve and are capable of joy and growth. My work has shown me that happiness does not mean feeling "good" all the time, but rather being strong enough to tolerate all that life throws at us. Maybe you have been thrown an awful lot.
(202) 335-3128 View (202) 335-3128
Photo of Victoria Steele - Wanderwell Therapy, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Victoria Steele - Wanderwell Therapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20036  (Online Only)
Feeling lost or disconnected? Ready to explore, discover, or embrace your true self? My work is to guide and inspire; giving you the freedom to wander, appreciate the meaning you make from your adventures, and notice the patterns in your life from a place of curiosity and compassion. We examine your interactions with others, the experiences that have shaped you, and identify your unique strengths to help you achieve your goals. Together, we will foster healing from pain-whether that pain looks like depression, anxiety, trauma, sexual dysfunction, or dissatisfaction in your relationships.
Feeling lost or disconnected? Ready to explore, discover, or embrace your true self? My work is to guide and inspire; giving you the freedom to wander, appreciate the meaning you make from your adventures, and notice the patterns in your life from a place of curiosity and compassion. We examine your interactions with others, the experiences that have shaped you, and identify your unique strengths to help you achieve your goals. Together, we will foster healing from pain-whether that pain looks like depression, anxiety, trauma, sexual dysfunction, or dissatisfaction in your relationships.
(202) 517-2910 View (202) 517-2910
Photo of Averry Cox, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Averry Cox
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20012  (Online Only)
We all receive labels and messages from society and our upbringing that attempt to dictate how we operate in relation with others, what we’re worth, and how we perceive ourselves. I understand that the labels we receive from others, and the way we see ourselves are often times conflicting. These messages and attention or lack thereof can have a negative impact on our self-esteem, relationships, communication capabilities, perception of those around us, and self-worth. I offer a space to unpack these inconsistencies to discover contentment and congruence of self.
We all receive labels and messages from society and our upbringing that attempt to dictate how we operate in relation with others, what we’re worth, and how we perceive ourselves. I understand that the labels we receive from others, and the way we see ourselves are often times conflicting. These messages and attention or lack thereof can have a negative impact on our self-esteem, relationships, communication capabilities, perception of those around us, and self-worth. I offer a space to unpack these inconsistencies to discover contentment and congruence of self.
(202) 919-8360 View (202) 919-8360
Photo of Krystin Harper, MA, LGPC, NCC, Counselor
Krystin Harper
Counselor, MA, LGPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20037
Life can feel so hard sometimes - that is ok! Often the most challenging moments provide the space to slow down, appreciate all you have endured, and take steps to create truly meaningful and lasting change. Together, with kindness and a bit of humor, I will help to empower your resilience and capacity to live a joyful and fulfilling life. I am passionate about supporting both individuals and couples. My work is rooted in a holistic, person-centered approach to healing. I will treat you with empathy, create a non-judgmental environment in which you feel safe and heard, and work to understand your lived experiences.
Life can feel so hard sometimes - that is ok! Often the most challenging moments provide the space to slow down, appreciate all you have endured, and take steps to create truly meaningful and lasting change. Together, with kindness and a bit of humor, I will help to empower your resilience and capacity to live a joyful and fulfilling life. I am passionate about supporting both individuals and couples. My work is rooted in a holistic, person-centered approach to healing. I will treat you with empathy, create a non-judgmental environment in which you feel safe and heard, and work to understand your lived experiences.
(202) 866-5172 x2 View (202) 866-5172 x2
Photo of Sheila M Cahill, JD, MSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Sheila M Cahill
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, JD, MSW
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20016
A therapist for the last 23 years, I spent the twenty preceding years in large firm law practice in SF, DC and NY. At almost. the last minute, i grabbed hold of my life, and turned it upside down. This turned out very well. Now, every day I get to delight in working with people in a frank and open way, with the aim of changing their lives for the better. Life is difficult — there’s no way around that. But when you and your therapist are a good fit, the therapy relationship can expand your world, deepen your knowledge of yourself, improve your relationships, and release you to a life you can enjoy more fully and freely.
A therapist for the last 23 years, I spent the twenty preceding years in large firm law practice in SF, DC and NY. At almost. the last minute, i grabbed hold of my life, and turned it upside down. This turned out very well. Now, every day I get to delight in working with people in a frank and open way, with the aim of changing their lives for the better. Life is difficult — there’s no way around that. But when you and your therapist are a good fit, the therapy relationship can expand your world, deepen your knowledge of yourself, improve your relationships, and release you to a life you can enjoy more fully and freely.
(202) 643-6936 View (202) 643-6936
Photo of Sophy Varghese, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Sophy Varghese
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20005  (Online Only)
Supporting, encouraging, and comforting others has been an integral part of my journey, leading me on a path to a rich and rewarding career as a clinical social worker. I am passionate about supporting individuals to reach their behavioral health, relational and spiritual goals! I have a special interest in working with women who are seeking support for depression, anxiety, trauma, loss, and grief (relationships, miscarriage, death of a loved one), low self-esteem, parenting, establishing healthy boundaries, spiritual issues, and relationships.
Supporting, encouraging, and comforting others has been an integral part of my journey, leading me on a path to a rich and rewarding career as a clinical social worker. I am passionate about supporting individuals to reach their behavioral health, relational and spiritual goals! I have a special interest in working with women who are seeking support for depression, anxiety, trauma, loss, and grief (relationships, miscarriage, death of a loved one), low self-esteem, parenting, establishing healthy boundaries, spiritual issues, and relationships.
(202) 796-6042 View (202) 796-6042
Photo of Helena (Mimi) Martin, PhD, Psychologist
Helena (Mimi) Martin
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
9 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20036
Life can and often does present us with challenges which create distress and make it difficult for us to feel satisfied. It can be very helpful to speak with a well-trained, experienced, and supportive person when facing such challenges. Whether you are looking for extra support during a stressful period of time or you are interested in focusing on longstanding difficulties, I offer to create a space that promotes symptom relief and results in greater awareness, satisfaction, confidence, and fulfillment.
Life can and often does present us with challenges which create distress and make it difficult for us to feel satisfied. It can be very helpful to speak with a well-trained, experienced, and supportive person when facing such challenges. Whether you are looking for extra support during a stressful period of time or you are interested in focusing on longstanding difficulties, I offer to create a space that promotes symptom relief and results in greater awareness, satisfaction, confidence, and fulfillment.
(202) 999-3362 View (202) 999-3362
Photo of Elizabeth Melnikoff, LICSW, LCSW, MSW, MEd, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Elizabeth Melnikoff
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, LCSW, MSW, MEd
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20006  (Online Only)
My goal is to create a space where you feel comfortable to share and know you will be heard during our time together. In tandem, we prioritize your goals and explore the best ways to help you achieve them. I am a general practitioner with a wealth of experience working with clients of all backgrounds who have diverse needs.
My goal is to create a space where you feel comfortable to share and know you will be heard during our time together. In tandem, we prioritize your goals and explore the best ways to help you achieve them. I am a general practitioner with a wealth of experience working with clients of all backgrounds who have diverse needs.
(202) 480-2617 View (202) 480-2617
Photo of Brian J. Wheeler, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Brian J. Wheeler
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20037
For many people, therapy can provide relief from suffering and give a person a deepened awareness of their life. Therapy can help us gain an active perspective in living a full and meaningful life. Whether one is struggling with depression, anxiety, or interpersonal problems, therapy may be a helpful journey to alleviate the pain. My approach is interpersonal and psychodynamically informed while also exploring concrete solutions. Many people can feel better in a couple sessions and others are looking for a long term process. Both can be helpful.
For many people, therapy can provide relief from suffering and give a person a deepened awareness of their life. Therapy can help us gain an active perspective in living a full and meaningful life. Whether one is struggling with depression, anxiety, or interpersonal problems, therapy may be a helpful journey to alleviate the pain. My approach is interpersonal and psychodynamically informed while also exploring concrete solutions. Many people can feel better in a couple sessions and others are looking for a long term process. Both can be helpful.
(202) 759-6499 View (202) 759-6499
Photo of Jennifer L Pauk, LICSW, LCSW-C, MPH, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jennifer L Pauk
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, LCSW-C, MPH
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20011
No matter our background or experience, we all hit a bump in the road at one point or another. Navigating challenging and stressful life events such as infertility, parenthood, academic and work transitions, relationships, trauma, chronic illness is complicated. Intense feelings of anxiety, panic, or depression may seem overwhelming an at times, we turn to short term solutions, such as procrastination, alcohol, etc, which lead us in the wrong direction. Working with clients I focus on clarifying what is important and meaningful in life and how to take steps to actively move in that direction - even when faced with challenges.
No matter our background or experience, we all hit a bump in the road at one point or another. Navigating challenging and stressful life events such as infertility, parenthood, academic and work transitions, relationships, trauma, chronic illness is complicated. Intense feelings of anxiety, panic, or depression may seem overwhelming an at times, we turn to short term solutions, such as procrastination, alcohol, etc, which lead us in the wrong direction. Working with clients I focus on clarifying what is important and meaningful in life and how to take steps to actively move in that direction - even when faced with challenges.
(202) 831-7718 View (202) 831-7718
Photo of Jessica Brown Slade, MSEd, MPhilEd, LGPC, Pre-Licensed Professional
Jessica Brown Slade
Pre-Licensed Professional, MSEd, MPhilEd, LGPC
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20036  (Online Only)
People initiate therapy for many different reasons: a major life transition, to better navigate their relationships, or to begin healing from trauma. I work with my clients to help them gain insight around their thoughts, feelings and patterns, and ultimately make conscious change in their lives.
People initiate therapy for many different reasons: a major life transition, to better navigate their relationships, or to begin healing from trauma. I work with my clients to help them gain insight around their thoughts, feelings and patterns, and ultimately make conscious change in their lives.
(855) 626-2957 View (855) 626-2957
Photo of John Drollinger, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
John Drollinger
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20011  (Online Only)
Time and again, the same struggles can show up in relationships or at work. I know how hard it is to break the cycle. Other times, events and life changes challenge our ability to cope and accomplish what we need. Healing and self-discovery are possible in a safe and supportive therapy relationship. My goal is to help you create a rich and meaningful life and better navigate life's challenges. I work with folks facing a range of issues, with a specialty in trauma, burnout, relationship issues and eco-anxiety/climate grief. If you experience stress from caring for/about others and our environment, I am ready to support you.
Time and again, the same struggles can show up in relationships or at work. I know how hard it is to break the cycle. Other times, events and life changes challenge our ability to cope and accomplish what we need. Healing and self-discovery are possible in a safe and supportive therapy relationship. My goal is to help you create a rich and meaningful life and better navigate life's challenges. I work with folks facing a range of issues, with a specialty in trauma, burnout, relationship issues and eco-anxiety/climate grief. If you experience stress from caring for/about others and our environment, I am ready to support you.
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Photo of Marina Barbosa, LPC, MEdPsy, MHW, Counselor
Marina Barbosa
Counselor, LPC, MEdPsy, MHW
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20007  (Online Only)
Women and children deserve a safe space to heal and thrive. As a specialized therapist, I offer compassionate, engaging, and insight-based support tailored to your unique needs. Whether navigating pressure, stress, anxiety, relationship trauma, or personal challenges, I am here to help you find resilience and peace. Together, we'll discover strategies to navigate difficult times, build inner strength, and foster healthier relationships. My approach is centered on empowering you to overcome obstacles and live a fulfilling life. Let's work together towards a brighter, more empowered future.
Women and children deserve a safe space to heal and thrive. As a specialized therapist, I offer compassionate, engaging, and insight-based support tailored to your unique needs. Whether navigating pressure, stress, anxiety, relationship trauma, or personal challenges, I am here to help you find resilience and peace. Together, we'll discover strategies to navigate difficult times, build inner strength, and foster healthier relationships. My approach is centered on empowering you to overcome obstacles and live a fulfilling life. Let's work together towards a brighter, more empowered future.
(202) 318-1931 View (202) 318-1931
Photo of Dr. Faith Sproul, PhD, Psychologist
Dr. Faith Sproul
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20002
Waitlist for new clients
Welcome! I offer services primarily related to assessment and consultation for children and adults. Evaluations are comprehensive with a focus on various domains of functioning including intellectual, academic, executive functioning, attention, and mood/personality to best understand strengths and areas for improvement. Evaluations are provided for diagnosis of ADHD, Autism, and other neurodevelopmental conditions using evidence-based instruments. Additional areas of testing include learning problems/disabilities, admissions testing, college accommodations, and memory and cognitive decline.
Welcome! I offer services primarily related to assessment and consultation for children and adults. Evaluations are comprehensive with a focus on various domains of functioning including intellectual, academic, executive functioning, attention, and mood/personality to best understand strengths and areas for improvement. Evaluations are provided for diagnosis of ADHD, Autism, and other neurodevelopmental conditions using evidence-based instruments. Additional areas of testing include learning problems/disabilities, admissions testing, college accommodations, and memory and cognitive decline.
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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Washington, DC

3,000+

Average cost per session

$180

Therapists in Washington, DC who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
89% Depression
81% Relationship Issues
77% Self Esteem
68% Trauma and PTSD
68% Stress
65% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

62% BlueCross and BlueShield
57% CareFirst
54% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Washington, DC see their clients

55% In Person and Online
45% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
18% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Washington?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.