Therapists in 92028

Photo of Wilene Chang, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92028, CA
Wilene Chang
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Fallbrook, CA 92028
My name is Wilene Chang, and I am a Licensed Marriage Family Therapist (LMFT) based in San Jose, California, and working with clients in-person or via telehealth. I work with young adults and the elderly population, specializing in anxiety, stress, life concerns, using Client-Centered Therapy and the Humanistic Approach, allowing clients to make progress and trusting in me to support their concerns. I have found that my style and approach are a good fit for most adults of various backgrounds, who may be dealing with challenges of life transitions and social pressures.
My name is Wilene Chang, and I am a Licensed Marriage Family Therapist (LMFT) based in San Jose, California, and working with clients in-person or via telehealth. I work with young adults and the elderly population, specializing in anxiety, stress, life concerns, using Client-Centered Therapy and the Humanistic Approach, allowing clients to make progress and trusting in me to support their concerns. I have found that my style and approach are a good fit for most adults of various backgrounds, who may be dealing with challenges of life transitions and social pressures.
(442) 252-6314 View (442) 252-6314
Photo of Patricia Fiamengo, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 92028, CA
Patricia Fiamengo
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, Patricia Fiamengo, LCSW, M-RAS
Verified
Fallbrook, CA 92028
I am a licensed clinical social worker dedicated to helping my clients find healing and empowerment through self-awareness and personal growth. I’ve worked in mental health and addiction treatment for over two decades and offer support options for a vast array of challenges; from severe emotional and personality disorders to day-to-day struggles. My life's purpose is to help others reach their goals, navigate their struggles, and walk in their strengths.
I am a licensed clinical social worker dedicated to helping my clients find healing and empowerment through self-awareness and personal growth. I’ve worked in mental health and addiction treatment for over two decades and offer support options for a vast array of challenges; from severe emotional and personality disorders to day-to-day struggles. My life's purpose is to help others reach their goals, navigate their struggles, and walk in their strengths.
(949) 749-3645 View (949) 749-3645
Photo of Michelle Powers, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92028, CA
Michelle Powers
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
3 Endorsed
Fallbrook, CA 92028  (Online Only)
I look forward to working with you so that you may experience the best version of yourself. If you need support with coping in healthier ways with the challenges you are experiencing, let's talk. I offer a safe, supportive, strength based, client centered approach. We build on your existing strengths & support network.
I look forward to working with you so that you may experience the best version of yourself. If you need support with coping in healthier ways with the challenges you are experiencing, let's talk. I offer a safe, supportive, strength based, client centered approach. We build on your existing strengths & support network.
(760) 618-0683 View (760) 618-0683
Photo of Laura Simmons, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92028, CA
Laura Simmons
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Fallbrook, CA 92028
Hi! I'm Laura Simmons, a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in California. My approach to therapy is collaborative and tailored to my client's specific needs/ learning style. My focus areas of practice are adult individuals struggling with anxiety, depression, and other life stressors. I prefer to foster a collaborative relationship with clients and support them in feeling empowered to take an active role in their treatment planning. I utilize an eclectic approach that includes motivational interviewing, solution-focused, person-centered, mindfulness, CBT, trauma-focused CBT, and narrative therapy.
Hi! I'm Laura Simmons, a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in California. My approach to therapy is collaborative and tailored to my client's specific needs/ learning style. My focus areas of practice are adult individuals struggling with anxiety, depression, and other life stressors. I prefer to foster a collaborative relationship with clients and support them in feeling empowered to take an active role in their treatment planning. I utilize an eclectic approach that includes motivational interviewing, solution-focused, person-centered, mindfulness, CBT, trauma-focused CBT, and narrative therapy.
(442) 267-3478 View (442) 267-3478
Photo of Oliver Viboolkij, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92028, CA
Oliver Viboolkij
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Fallbrook, CA 92028
Hello, my name is Oliver Viboolkij, LMFT. My approach to therapy is to alleviate immediate concerns. Afterward, we can focus on how to personally manage what may be perpetuating psychological symptoms in the spaces you occupy. The areas I'm most competent in are attachment conflicts, sexual issues, anxiety, substance use, obsessive thoughts compulsive behaviors, and mood disorders.
Hello, my name is Oliver Viboolkij, LMFT. My approach to therapy is to alleviate immediate concerns. Afterward, we can focus on how to personally manage what may be perpetuating psychological symptoms in the spaces you occupy. The areas I'm most competent in are attachment conflicts, sexual issues, anxiety, substance use, obsessive thoughts compulsive behaviors, and mood disorders.
(442) 276-3929 View (442) 276-3929
Photo of Joni Branham, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 92028, CA
Joni Branham
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Fallbrook, CA 92028
As therapist with over 25 years of experience. I enjoy working with clients who are struggling with relationships, depression, anxiety, grief and a variety of other issues. Working with clients to overcome their current and past obstacles that are preventing them from achieving their current life goals is my specialty. Whether you are seeking to improve a relationship with someone else or to find peace and/or a sense of purpose in your own life, we will work together to bring about those changes. These changes will open the opportunity for you to live a happier and more balanced life.
As therapist with over 25 years of experience. I enjoy working with clients who are struggling with relationships, depression, anxiety, grief and a variety of other issues. Working with clients to overcome their current and past obstacles that are preventing them from achieving their current life goals is my specialty. Whether you are seeking to improve a relationship with someone else or to find peace and/or a sense of purpose in your own life, we will work together to bring about those changes. These changes will open the opportunity for you to live a happier and more balanced life.
(760) 870-4748 View (760) 870-4748
Photo of Barbara Morales-Rossi, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92028, CA
Barbara Morales-Rossi
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Fallbrook, CA 92028
Hello, I am Barbara Morales-Rossi, LMFT and LAADC (license alcohol and drug counselor). Healing tends to come from within, rarely, if ever, does it come from “outside” of us. My focus is to draw from many therapeutic approaches so that your treatment suits your needs. Your treatment is just as authentic as you are. I work with folks with addiction/recovery issues, depression, anxiety, life transitions, grief and loss, helping folks stay on track with the mental health issues.
Hello, I am Barbara Morales-Rossi, LMFT and LAADC (license alcohol and drug counselor). Healing tends to come from within, rarely, if ever, does it come from “outside” of us. My focus is to draw from many therapeutic approaches so that your treatment suits your needs. Your treatment is just as authentic as you are. I work with folks with addiction/recovery issues, depression, anxiety, life transitions, grief and loss, helping folks stay on track with the mental health issues.
(442) 252-6310 View (442) 252-6310
Photo of Brigitte Arelis, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92028, CA
Brigitte Arelis
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Fallbrook, CA 92028
Brigitte Arelis, LMFT. My background includes working with individuals from 5-70 years old. I work with people who are suffering from depression, anxiety or just struggling with managing everyday tasks. I believe that my diverse experience can help you accept and embrace your true self as you embark on this journey of self-love and self-discovery. I have over 15 years of experience working in a therapeutic setting. I take pride in providing quality care. I use a variety of techniques including cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing, mindfulness, and solution focus.
Brigitte Arelis, LMFT. My background includes working with individuals from 5-70 years old. I work with people who are suffering from depression, anxiety or just struggling with managing everyday tasks. I believe that my diverse experience can help you accept and embrace your true self as you embark on this journey of self-love and self-discovery. I have over 15 years of experience working in a therapeutic setting. I take pride in providing quality care. I use a variety of techniques including cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing, mindfulness, and solution focus.
(442) 233-8996 View (442) 233-8996
Photo of Kaleena Prate, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92028, CA
Kaleena Prate
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
8 Endorsed
Fallbrook, CA 92028  (Online Only)
You're known as the person who appears to have everything under control, yet deep inside, you're grappling with a constant sense of overwhelm. You consistently surpass expectations, all the while battling the nagging doubt of your own worthiness. Behind a smile and the words "I'm fine," you conceal the true turmoil within, never wanting to burden others with your inner struggles. You have a knack for self-blame that rivals the best, forever ruminating on how you could have been better. Throughout the day, you might find yourself letting out frequent sighs, and your body remains in a constantly tense state.
You're known as the person who appears to have everything under control, yet deep inside, you're grappling with a constant sense of overwhelm. You consistently surpass expectations, all the while battling the nagging doubt of your own worthiness. Behind a smile and the words "I'm fine," you conceal the true turmoil within, never wanting to burden others with your inner struggles. You have a knack for self-blame that rivals the best, forever ruminating on how you could have been better. Throughout the day, you might find yourself letting out frequent sighs, and your body remains in a constantly tense state.
(442) 245-5753 View (442) 245-5753
Photo of Daniel A. Linder, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92028, CA
Daniel A. Linder
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified
2 Endorsed
Fallbrook, CA 92028
Ideal clients: Those who are on a path of self-work and personal growth, who are pursuing intimacy, in touch with their need for connection, wish to learn how to deepen their relationships with their closest people, or are looking to repair or heal broken and discordant relationships. I am a facilitator of the conversations that need to be had - "pink elephant" conversations to dissolve the wedge of disconnection from the backlog of unexpressed feelings and unresolved issues that had long since been avoided and talk them through. Working with me is like being in a relationship and communication skill building boot camp.
Ideal clients: Those who are on a path of self-work and personal growth, who are pursuing intimacy, in touch with their need for connection, wish to learn how to deepen their relationships with their closest people, or are looking to repair or heal broken and discordant relationships. I am a facilitator of the conversations that need to be had - "pink elephant" conversations to dissolve the wedge of disconnection from the backlog of unexpressed feelings and unresolved issues that had long since been avoided and talk them through. Working with me is like being in a relationship and communication skill building boot camp.
(415) 800-3854 View (415) 800-3854
Photo of Courtney Kowalchuk, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 92028, CA
Courtney Kowalchuk
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, BCD
Verified
2 Endorsed
Fallbrook, CA 92028
Waitlist for new clients
You’ve experienced challenging things, perhaps traumatic things. You want to feel better and live a happier life with those you love. You want integrative care that combines therapy with personalized mental health care for whole well-being that finally makes a difference in your life.
You’ve experienced challenging things, perhaps traumatic things. You want to feel better and live a happier life with those you love. You want integrative care that combines therapy with personalized mental health care for whole well-being that finally makes a difference in your life.
(442) 272-3049 View (442) 272-3049
Photo of Nadalee Murray, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern in 92028, CA
Nadalee Murray
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern
Verified
Fallbrook, CA 92028
I am a Marriage and Family Therapist Trainee under the supervision of Melinda Haynes, MA, LMFT-S 102308. I provide support to individuals, couples, and families, particularly those navigating difficult life transitions, divorce, trauma, familial conflict, and foster care. I also work with teens and adults to address behavioral concerns, self-esteem, and anxiety. I am passionate about helping couples and families navigate the complexities of their relationships, fostering open communication, understanding, and more meaningful connections.
I am a Marriage and Family Therapist Trainee under the supervision of Melinda Haynes, MA, LMFT-S 102308. I provide support to individuals, couples, and families, particularly those navigating difficult life transitions, divorce, trauma, familial conflict, and foster care. I also work with teens and adults to address behavioral concerns, self-esteem, and anxiety. I am passionate about helping couples and families navigate the complexities of their relationships, fostering open communication, understanding, and more meaningful connections.
(442) 237-4175 View (442) 237-4175
Photo of Dr. Elizabeth Ramos, Registered Psychological Associate in 92028, CA
Dr. Elizabeth Ramos
Registered Psychological Associate, PhD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Fallbrook, CA 92028  (Online Only)
Do you feel overwhelmed? Are you struggling to sleep? Do you feel as if you are letting yourself or your family down? Are you struggling with some changes in your life? I understand that sometimes you may feel as if there is something wrong, as if you don’t have the resources to resolve your problems. You may not feel sure about how to make the changes you need to feel better. I understand what it is like to face cultural or social issues that make it difficult to seek help, to feel as if you need to find your own solutions. You are not alone. I want to help you feel more in control of your life, to feel more connected to others.
Do you feel overwhelmed? Are you struggling to sleep? Do you feel as if you are letting yourself or your family down? Are you struggling with some changes in your life? I understand that sometimes you may feel as if there is something wrong, as if you don’t have the resources to resolve your problems. You may not feel sure about how to make the changes you need to feel better. I understand what it is like to face cultural or social issues that make it difficult to seek help, to feel as if you need to find your own solutions. You are not alone. I want to help you feel more in control of your life, to feel more connected to others.
(442) 245-5977 View (442) 245-5977
Photo of Laurie (Laurina) Mendiones, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92028, CA
Laurie (Laurina) Mendiones
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Fallbrook, CA 92028  (Online Only)
Practice Paused until further notice as of Jan 8 2024! Does your relationship bring out the best and worst in you? Do your expectations of your partner continually get ignored causing feelings of hopelessness, frustration, and helplessness? I invite you to learn techniques to grow together in the face of conflict. For individuals have you been hurt by someone or something? Does anxiety dominate your life? Learn how not to shy away from what is uncomfortable as it can be a learning process. There are effective ways to regulate and reduce anxiety symptoms. No office visits ...only teletherapy.
Practice Paused until further notice as of Jan 8 2024! Does your relationship bring out the best and worst in you? Do your expectations of your partner continually get ignored causing feelings of hopelessness, frustration, and helplessness? I invite you to learn techniques to grow together in the face of conflict. For individuals have you been hurt by someone or something? Does anxiety dominate your life? Learn how not to shy away from what is uncomfortable as it can be a learning process. There are effective ways to regulate and reduce anxiety symptoms. No office visits ...only teletherapy.
(760) 849-4611 View (760) 849-4611
Photo of Suanny Espinosa, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 92028, CA
Suanny Espinosa
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Fallbrook, CA 92028
At Cali Cares Counseling I am dedicated in creating a meaningful space for you to reach your goals in therapy. I am a bi-cultural/bi-lingual clinician English-Spanish, passionate about working with adults, children, and teens that may need some support in sorting out life's challenges. I studied locally, going from Palomar College to Cal State San Marcos University, and finally obtaining my Masters in Social at the University of Southern California, School of Social Work. I have worked in non-profit organizations, school settings, local community mental health centers, and the hospital.
At Cali Cares Counseling I am dedicated in creating a meaningful space for you to reach your goals in therapy. I am a bi-cultural/bi-lingual clinician English-Spanish, passionate about working with adults, children, and teens that may need some support in sorting out life's challenges. I studied locally, going from Palomar College to Cal State San Marcos University, and finally obtaining my Masters in Social at the University of Southern California, School of Social Work. I have worked in non-profit organizations, school settings, local community mental health centers, and the hospital.
(760) 276-6829 View (760) 276-6829
Photo of Elizabeth Anderson, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92028, CA
Elizabeth Anderson
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Fallbrook, CA 92028  (Online Only)
It can be really hard to take that first step to reach out for support, especially when you're in crisis and it feels like there's nowhere to turn. I want you to know I understand that and I'm here to support you on your journey towards healing. I currently work with individuals and couples. Call today for a free consultation!
It can be really hard to take that first step to reach out for support, especially when you're in crisis and it feels like there's nowhere to turn. I want you to know I understand that and I'm here to support you on your journey towards healing. I currently work with individuals and couples. Call today for a free consultation!
(442) 228-1160 View (442) 228-1160
Photo of Vida Lowe, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92028, CA
Vida Lowe
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified
Fallbrook, CA 92028  (Online Only)
At some point in our lives we become stuck. It can look like depression, anxiety, fear or sadness. Working together providing brief therapy, or deeper understanding, for continuous change and support of issues, re-focusing on feeling joyful and fulfilled with issue relief. As a licensed psychotherapist I’m trained to listen to you in an unbiased, empathetic and therapeutic way to provide direction and treatment to help you thrive. I offer a therapeutic modality called Ketamine Assisted Psychotherapy which has been proven to help with depression, anxiety, PTSD and more. I also offer Medication Management through Journey Clinical.
At some point in our lives we become stuck. It can look like depression, anxiety, fear or sadness. Working together providing brief therapy, or deeper understanding, for continuous change and support of issues, re-focusing on feeling joyful and fulfilled with issue relief. As a licensed psychotherapist I’m trained to listen to you in an unbiased, empathetic and therapeutic way to provide direction and treatment to help you thrive. I offer a therapeutic modality called Ketamine Assisted Psychotherapy which has been proven to help with depression, anxiety, PTSD and more. I also offer Medication Management through Journey Clinical.
(442) 200-0841 View (442) 200-0841
Photo of Arthur Bilbrey, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92028, CA
Arthur Bilbrey
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Fallbrook, CA 92028
Arthur Bilbrey, LMFT 134935. I like to make my clients feel like they are heard and understood. I draw my theoretical approach on multiple theoretical approaches with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) as my primary theoretical orientation. I focus primarily on anxiety, panic, and depressive disorders but am open to working with other disorders. I have experience working with diverse populations and many different diagnoses and substance abuse. I have experience working with diverse populations that consists of all ages and many ethnic backgrounds. The conditions that I am most comfortable working with are anxiety and depression.
Arthur Bilbrey, LMFT 134935. I like to make my clients feel like they are heard and understood. I draw my theoretical approach on multiple theoretical approaches with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) as my primary theoretical orientation. I focus primarily on anxiety, panic, and depressive disorders but am open to working with other disorders. I have experience working with diverse populations and many different diagnoses and substance abuse. I have experience working with diverse populations that consists of all ages and many ethnic backgrounds. The conditions that I am most comfortable working with are anxiety and depression.
(442) 239-4127 View (442) 239-4127
Photo of Mark Jesinoski, Psychologist in 92028, CA
Mark Jesinoski
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Fallbrook, CA 92028
I have worked extensively with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, depression, anxiety, and ADHD. I tend to incorporate more traditional forms of psychotherapy with meditation, body movement, breathwork, and exercise. I am also well-versed on the emerging field of psychedelic and/or plant-based medicine. My primary focus is to help my client's grow through their trauma/grief and to become more resilient and confident in their ability to manage, work through, and resolve the emotions, symptoms, and memories that get in the way of thriving in the present moment.
I have worked extensively with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, depression, anxiety, and ADHD. I tend to incorporate more traditional forms of psychotherapy with meditation, body movement, breathwork, and exercise. I am also well-versed on the emerging field of psychedelic and/or plant-based medicine. My primary focus is to help my client's grow through their trauma/grief and to become more resilient and confident in their ability to manage, work through, and resolve the emotions, symptoms, and memories that get in the way of thriving in the present moment.
(442) 291-2322 View (442) 291-2322
Photo of Dr. Mitzie Marie Gonzalez, Marriage & Family Therapist in 92028, CA
Dr. Mitzie Marie Gonzalez
Marriage & Family Therapist, DMFT, LMFT
Verified
Fallbrook, CA 92028
As a client-centered therapist, your individual needs will determine which treatment modality will guide the therapy process. As a trauma-focused therapist, I utilize integrative approaches such as DBT, CBT, CCT, Emotional Focused Therapy, Parts work, Attachment Therapy, and Trauma Informed Care, with the goal of creating change and empowering growth in your life. Throughout treatment, I will assist you in reaching the best version of yourself, as you deserve.
As a client-centered therapist, your individual needs will determine which treatment modality will guide the therapy process. As a trauma-focused therapist, I utilize integrative approaches such as DBT, CBT, CCT, Emotional Focused Therapy, Parts work, Attachment Therapy, and Trauma Informed Care, with the goal of creating change and empowering growth in your life. Throughout treatment, I will assist you in reaching the best version of yourself, as you deserve.
(442) 313-2795 View (442) 313-2795

See more therapy options for 92028

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 92028

80+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 92028 who prioritize treating:

91% Depression
91% Anxiety
72% Self Esteem
70% Trauma and PTSD
69% Relationship Issues
65% Coping Skills
59% Grief

Average years in practice

16 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

71% Aetna
64% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
64% Optum

How Therapists in 92028 see their clients

82% In Person and Online
18% Online Only

Gender breakdown

83% Female
17% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 92028?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.