Photo of Jessica Halpin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19118, PA
Jessica Halpin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19118
Seeking help and connection to others in the midst of life’s most difficult challenges takes great courage, but leads to healing and thriving. Jessica considers it her greatest privilege in life to help others tell their own stories in a safe, constructive, and unbiased environment to help transformation take place. Jessica utilizes a person-centered, trauma-informed approach in her counseling to encourage healing and growth. She believes that counseling is a space for honest exploration of a person’s story and goals, seeing collaboration as a way to overcome the discouraging obstacles that prevent flourishing.
Seeking help and connection to others in the midst of life’s most difficult challenges takes great courage, but leads to healing and thriving. Jessica considers it her greatest privilege in life to help others tell their own stories in a safe, constructive, and unbiased environment to help transformation take place. Jessica utilizes a person-centered, trauma-informed approach in her counseling to encourage healing and growth. She believes that counseling is a space for honest exploration of a person’s story and goals, seeing collaboration as a way to overcome the discouraging obstacles that prevent flourishing.
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Photo of Daniella E Brown, Licensed Professional Counselor in 19118, PA
Daniella E Brown
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, R-DMT, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19118
My focus of interest is to become a therapeutic container to support the exploration of the mind-body connection within children and teens. I believe that the body carries valuable information about ourselves and our minds are actively trying to interpret it. I specialize in children who seek to improve their body awareness which provides coping skills for self-regulation, positive self-talk and overall physical/mental wellness. I have experience working with children with autism, adopted families, neurodivergent movers and people simply want a better connection with their bodies
My focus of interest is to become a therapeutic container to support the exploration of the mind-body connection within children and teens. I believe that the body carries valuable information about ourselves and our minds are actively trying to interpret it. I specialize in children who seek to improve their body awareness which provides coping skills for self-regulation, positive self-talk and overall physical/mental wellness. I have experience working with children with autism, adopted families, neurodivergent movers and people simply want a better connection with their bodies
(215) 598-6894 View (215) 598-6894
Photo of Julia McGrath, Marriage & Family Therapist in 19118, PA
Julia McGrath
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, PMH-C
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19118
Can you relate? You find yourself swirling in thoughts of self-criticism. Worries and struggles with self-esteem are stopping you from living the life you deeply want. You’ve been told you’re “too sensitive” and find yourself shutting down because of it. You’re experiencing some big life changes and it’s bringing up grief and confusion. Maybe you want to build a family, but it feels like it won’t be possible. You’re trying to conceive or are pregnant, and finding it lonely and scary. You’re ready to dig through past hurts and family hang-ups to stop intergenerational cycles of poor boundaries, communication, and more…
Can you relate? You find yourself swirling in thoughts of self-criticism. Worries and struggles with self-esteem are stopping you from living the life you deeply want. You’ve been told you’re “too sensitive” and find yourself shutting down because of it. You’re experiencing some big life changes and it’s bringing up grief and confusion. Maybe you want to build a family, but it feels like it won’t be possible. You’re trying to conceive or are pregnant, and finding it lonely and scary. You’re ready to dig through past hurts and family hang-ups to stop intergenerational cycles of poor boundaries, communication, and more…
(215) 989-4914 View (215) 989-4914
Photo of Cathy Jacobsen, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19118, PA
Cathy Jacobsen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19118
I am a psychotherapist with many years experience working with children, families, teens, adults and couples. Most of my sessions are virtual, though I see children/parents in- person. Most people find me easy to talk to, nonjudgemental and down to earth. I specialize in guiding individuals and families through the transformative and often unacknowledged pain of grief and loss. I also enjoy working with children in family/child play therapy. Children have a natural drive toward health and parents toward empowerment. You will leave our first session feeling understood, more hopeful and with a new perspective.
I am a psychotherapist with many years experience working with children, families, teens, adults and couples. Most of my sessions are virtual, though I see children/parents in- person. Most people find me easy to talk to, nonjudgemental and down to earth. I specialize in guiding individuals and families through the transformative and often unacknowledged pain of grief and loss. I also enjoy working with children in family/child play therapy. Children have a natural drive toward health and parents toward empowerment. You will leave our first session feeling understood, more hopeful and with a new perspective.
(267) 435-3727 View (267) 435-3727
Photo of Michele S Jaffe, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19118, PA
Michele S Jaffe
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19118
There are those times in our lives when our discomfort with ourselves or others, just becomes too uncomfortable and you need to take an action that would solve the problem once and for all. Psychotherapy is that action. Confiding in someone who is respectful and competent, in that they can clarify your issues, right from the first session, can make your stress, no matter how high the stress, seem solvable. I am that therapist. Once clarity is reached, understanding and solving problems follow. Individual, couple or full family issues are addressed.
There are those times in our lives when our discomfort with ourselves or others, just becomes too uncomfortable and you need to take an action that would solve the problem once and for all. Psychotherapy is that action. Confiding in someone who is respectful and competent, in that they can clarify your issues, right from the first session, can make your stress, no matter how high the stress, seem solvable. I am that therapist. Once clarity is reached, understanding and solving problems follow. Individual, couple or full family issues are addressed.
(267) 481-2823 View (267) 481-2823
Photo of Lawrence Peers, Pre-Licensed Professional in 19118, PA
Lawrence Peers
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, CAGS, PCC
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19118
Not accepting new clients
I help a wide range of clients: those seeking personal growth as well as those moving through depression, anxiety, betrayal, grief, career and life transitions or interpersonal tensions or conflicts. I assist individuals, couples and leaders during times of conflict or life/career transition to move with intention toward new possibilities. When a client is feeling stuck or struggling to pay attention to "what matters most", we work in a collaborative way to recognize underlying obstacles to their well-being and identify practical actions to move them forward.
I help a wide range of clients: those seeking personal growth as well as those moving through depression, anxiety, betrayal, grief, career and life transitions or interpersonal tensions or conflicts. I assist individuals, couples and leaders during times of conflict or life/career transition to move with intention toward new possibilities. When a client is feeling stuck or struggling to pay attention to "what matters most", we work in a collaborative way to recognize underlying obstacles to their well-being and identify practical actions to move them forward.
(267) 772-5650 View (267) 772-5650
Photo of Barbara Danin, Marriage & Family Therapist in 19118, PA
Barbara Danin
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19118
I have always believed that we are the masters of our destiny, and couldn't do the work I do without trusting that everyone is capable of change. One of the most exciting aspects of therapy is embracing that hope for yourself, your child, or family. Throughout my 30 years of experience, I have developed therapeutic approaches to empower clients and help them manage and overcome feelings of depression and anxiety, conflicted relationships, unhealthy behaviors and other stressors. As a family therapist, I work closely with families when treating children and adolescents, and offer guidance on parenting issues.
I have always believed that we are the masters of our destiny, and couldn't do the work I do without trusting that everyone is capable of change. One of the most exciting aspects of therapy is embracing that hope for yourself, your child, or family. Throughout my 30 years of experience, I have developed therapeutic approaches to empower clients and help them manage and overcome feelings of depression and anxiety, conflicted relationships, unhealthy behaviors and other stressors. As a family therapist, I work closely with families when treating children and adolescents, and offer guidance on parenting issues.
(314) 310-1643 View (314) 310-1643
Photo of Adalina East in 19118, PA
Adalina East
MRes, MSc
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19118
I am a queer-identified therapist working in New York, Pennsylvania and New Mexico. EMDR, Internal Family Systems and Somatic Experiencing are my guides to gently lead people towards healing themselves, something I believe we are all capable of. Together, we will set goals for recovery from trauma and major life stressors, incorporating neuroscience-backed strategies and spirituality where you are comfortable.
I am a queer-identified therapist working in New York, Pennsylvania and New Mexico. EMDR, Internal Family Systems and Somatic Experiencing are my guides to gently lead people towards healing themselves, something I believe we are all capable of. Together, we will set goals for recovery from trauma and major life stressors, incorporating neuroscience-backed strategies and spirituality where you are comfortable.
(505) 657-4637 View (505) 657-4637
Photo of Gabriela O'Shea, Pre-Licensed Professional in 19118, PA
Gabriela O'Shea
Pre-Licensed Professional, MEd, CTP, CGP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19118
Not accepting new clients
The decision to seek treatment and find the right therapist can be anxiety inducing. In fact, many times the journey stops here for those who might not be ready to take the next step. I know that being vulnerable with a stranger is uncomfortable and may be difficult when first beginning your therapeutic journey. However, my hope is that I can assist you in taking small steps towards building a trusting relationship together and reaching your therapeutic goals. Together, we can reflect upon what you’re needing from yourself, your relationships, and your environment and what changes can be made to enhance your overall quality of life.
The decision to seek treatment and find the right therapist can be anxiety inducing. In fact, many times the journey stops here for those who might not be ready to take the next step. I know that being vulnerable with a stranger is uncomfortable and may be difficult when first beginning your therapeutic journey. However, my hope is that I can assist you in taking small steps towards building a trusting relationship together and reaching your therapeutic goals. Together, we can reflect upon what you’re needing from yourself, your relationships, and your environment and what changes can be made to enhance your overall quality of life.
(215) 874-6528 View (215) 874-6528
Photo of Lisa Richman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19118, PA
Lisa Richman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19118  (Online Only)
The only constant in life is change. However, change can often be challenging and painful, leaving us feeling stuck in old patterns. I believe that every individual is capable of change, given the right tools and support. Utilizing a client-centered, humanistic, and trauma-informed approach, I provide the safe, supportive space that my clients need in order to achieve the growth and change that they seek. Having worked most recently with members of the LGBTQ community, I understand how important it is to have the acceptance and support of someone in a non-judgmental space in order to grow.
The only constant in life is change. However, change can often be challenging and painful, leaving us feeling stuck in old patterns. I believe that every individual is capable of change, given the right tools and support. Utilizing a client-centered, humanistic, and trauma-informed approach, I provide the safe, supportive space that my clients need in order to achieve the growth and change that they seek. Having worked most recently with members of the LGBTQ community, I understand how important it is to have the acceptance and support of someone in a non-judgmental space in order to grow.
(267) 729-9858 View (267) 729-9858
Photo of Carolyn Seplow, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19118, PA
Carolyn Seplow
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MSS
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19118
Tweens and teens are undergoing a wondrous and uncertain time of discovery and growth. Parent/child conflicts become common and risky behaviors more prevalent. Navigating this territory may be a time of great uncertainty and tension. For 20 years I have been helping children and families work through issues such as depression and anxiety, friendship or school problems, communication and social troubles, on-line behavior and family conflict, sexuality and gender questions, and autism and learning differences. Call and we can discuss your particular concerns and decide if I would be a good fit for you and/or your child.
Tweens and teens are undergoing a wondrous and uncertain time of discovery and growth. Parent/child conflicts become common and risky behaviors more prevalent. Navigating this territory may be a time of great uncertainty and tension. For 20 years I have been helping children and families work through issues such as depression and anxiety, friendship or school problems, communication and social troubles, on-line behavior and family conflict, sexuality and gender questions, and autism and learning differences. Call and we can discuss your particular concerns and decide if I would be a good fit for you and/or your child.
(215) 918-4836 View (215) 918-4836
Photo of Jacob C Neff, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19118, PA
Jacob C Neff
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MSS
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19118
In my work with adolescents, young adults and their parents, I am committed to providing individuals with the tools to realize their potential and separate themselves from the substances, behaviors and attitudes hindering their development and well-being. I provide a collaborative, respectful and empathic therapeutic context for addressing the personal issues and challenges that interfere with healthy functioning and a sense of personal competence. Using a strength-based approach, I specialize in helping young people develop the self-awareness and coping tools necessary for navigating a confusing and complicated time in their lives.
In my work with adolescents, young adults and their parents, I am committed to providing individuals with the tools to realize their potential and separate themselves from the substances, behaviors and attitudes hindering their development and well-being. I provide a collaborative, respectful and empathic therapeutic context for addressing the personal issues and challenges that interfere with healthy functioning and a sense of personal competence. Using a strength-based approach, I specialize in helping young people develop the self-awareness and coping tools necessary for navigating a confusing and complicated time in their lives.
(610) 295-5584 View (610) 295-5584
Photo of Asher Eli Volkens in 19118, PA
Asher Eli Volkens
MS
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19118
I have 20 years experience in the field of psychology. I have worked as a therapist in private practice, prisons, and clinics in the Philadelphia area. I am a United States Veteran, who served my country honorably, and now honorably serves the community. I specialize in couples and family therapy, religious abuse, depression and anxiety, and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). I strive to support the Client to achieve their goals and live healthy, productive, and fulfilling lives.
I have 20 years experience in the field of psychology. I have worked as a therapist in private practice, prisons, and clinics in the Philadelphia area. I am a United States Veteran, who served my country honorably, and now honorably serves the community. I specialize in couples and family therapy, religious abuse, depression and anxiety, and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). I strive to support the Client to achieve their goals and live healthy, productive, and fulfilling lives.
(267) 458-5485 View (267) 458-5485
Photo of Christina Devereaux, PhD., LPC, LMHC, LCAT, BC-DMT in 19118, PA
Christina Devereaux, PhD., LPC, LMHC, LCAT, BC-DMT
PhD, LPC, LMHC, LCAT, BC-DMT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19118  (Online Only)
Momentum, motion, stepping forward. Here you are. I applaud you for taking a step in finding a therapist as a supportive partner on your journey towards continued health and wellbeing. My approach centers us, the therapeutic relationship, as the essential catalyst for transformation. If you are struggling with life transitions, anxiety, grief, or invested in learning more about who you are, we will develop goals together through a collaborative and relational process. Our work will identify your strengths, amplify them, and engage in creative experiences to support you in finding momentum towards greater psychological freedom.
Momentum, motion, stepping forward. Here you are. I applaud you for taking a step in finding a therapist as a supportive partner on your journey towards continued health and wellbeing. My approach centers us, the therapeutic relationship, as the essential catalyst for transformation. If you are struggling with life transitions, anxiety, grief, or invested in learning more about who you are, we will develop goals together through a collaborative and relational process. Our work will identify your strengths, amplify them, and engage in creative experiences to support you in finding momentum towards greater psychological freedom.
(267) 365-3185 View (267) 365-3185
Photo of Katharine L. Bertolet Psyd, Psychologist in 19118, PA
Katharine L. Bertolet Psyd
Psychologist, PsyD, MA, BA
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19118
The psychotherapy I do is depth-oriented, offered in a safe and peaceful setting, where we can build your sense of inner peace. We will uncover your family legacy, as well as the maladaptive patterns you are living that underlie your suffering. Within that context, we will practice awareness of the present moment and unhook you from the influences of the past. We can work to improve your relationships, clarify your life goals and help you find a sense of ease and confidence in yourself. If you are depressed and/or anxious, we will find the ways to release you from emotional pain and move toward personal fulfillment.
The psychotherapy I do is depth-oriented, offered in a safe and peaceful setting, where we can build your sense of inner peace. We will uncover your family legacy, as well as the maladaptive patterns you are living that underlie your suffering. Within that context, we will practice awareness of the present moment and unhook you from the influences of the past. We can work to improve your relationships, clarify your life goals and help you find a sense of ease and confidence in yourself. If you are depressed and/or anxious, we will find the ways to release you from emotional pain and move toward personal fulfillment.
(215) 987-5281 View (215) 987-5281
Photo of William Levine, Psychologist in 19118, PA
William Levine
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19118  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
The decision to enter psychotherapy can be difficult. Most of us would like to think we can solve our problems on our own, or at least with the help of friends and family. If you are looking for a therapist, chances are you have already tried doing just that, possibly with great effort over a long time, and are feeling discouraged about the result. The problems may be new or all too familiar. Therapy can help with two levels of concern: at a practical level, what to do to cope? at an underlying level, what to do to heal?
The decision to enter psychotherapy can be difficult. Most of us would like to think we can solve our problems on our own, or at least with the help of friends and family. If you are looking for a therapist, chances are you have already tried doing just that, possibly with great effort over a long time, and are feeling discouraged about the result. The problems may be new or all too familiar. Therapy can help with two levels of concern: at a practical level, what to do to cope? at an underlying level, what to do to heal?
(215) 987-5456 View (215) 987-5456
Photo of Kristine M. Dolce, Pre-Licensed Professional in 19118, PA
Kristine M. Dolce
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19118
Life can be difficult. Are you feeling anxious, emotional or angry and don't know why? Feeling overwhelmed but don't know what to do? Perhaps there is a specific issue weighing you down. I offer a safe space to explore whatever might be troubling you.
Life can be difficult. Are you feeling anxious, emotional or angry and don't know why? Feeling overwhelmed but don't know what to do? Perhaps there is a specific issue weighing you down. I offer a safe space to explore whatever might be troubling you.
(215) 509-5167 View (215) 509-5167
Photo of Susan Kaye-Huntington, Psychologist in 19118, PA
Susan Kaye-Huntington
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19118
I believe an important part of the therapy process is developing a flexible and collaborative relationship in which the client feels safe to explore, understand, and change relationships and behaviors, so that he or she may grow in a satisfying, creative, and life enhancing way. I have worked as a clinician for over twenty years and maintain a general practice for adults, families and children.
I believe an important part of the therapy process is developing a flexible and collaborative relationship in which the client feels safe to explore, understand, and change relationships and behaviors, so that he or she may grow in a satisfying, creative, and life enhancing way. I have worked as a clinician for over twenty years and maintain a general practice for adults, families and children.
(215) 438-4862 View (215) 438-4862
Photo of Andrew Negrey, Pre-Licensed Professional in 19118, PA
Andrew Negrey
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS, MFA
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Philadelphia, PA 19118
I specialize in guiding people through life transitions, moments of reevaluation and readjustment. This may include recovering from trauma, addiction, grief, spiritual crisis, or just the emotional turmoil and sense of upheaval that comes after unexpected events, or when moving between life’s stages. I also focus on relationships and attachment issues, navigating the complex entanglements of family, friendship, and romantic relationships, and on creating more safe, healthy, intimate, and loving relationships.
I specialize in guiding people through life transitions, moments of reevaluation and readjustment. This may include recovering from trauma, addiction, grief, spiritual crisis, or just the emotional turmoil and sense of upheaval that comes after unexpected events, or when moving between life’s stages. I also focus on relationships and attachment issues, navigating the complex entanglements of family, friendship, and romantic relationships, and on creating more safe, healthy, intimate, and loving relationships.
(215) 234-1326 View (215) 234-1326
Photo of Jessica Cydnee Feldman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 19118, PA
Jessica Cydnee Feldman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSS, LCSW
Verified Verified
Philadelphia, PA 19118  (Online Only)
Therapy and the treatment of anxiety is challenging and ultimately highly rewarding work when clients receive relief from their symptoms. I value the balance of the interpersonal and relational components of the therapeutic relationship with the development of practical and evidence- based skills to achieve long lasting symptom reduction.
Therapy and the treatment of anxiety is challenging and ultimately highly rewarding work when clients receive relief from their symptoms. I value the balance of the interpersonal and relational components of the therapeutic relationship with the development of practical and evidence- based skills to achieve long lasting symptom reduction.
(215) 709-7662 View (215) 709-7662

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 19118

100+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 19118 who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
86% Depression
83% Relationship Issues
71% Self Esteem
68% Grief
68% Trauma and PTSD
60% Family Conflict

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

66% Aetna
54% Highmark
41% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in 19118 see their clients

66% In Person and Online
34% Online Only

Gender breakdown

79% Female
19% Male
2% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 19118?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.