Photo of Wendy Maria Kennedy, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Wendy Maria Kennedy
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Greenfield, MA 01301
Not accepting new clients
I am a LMFT Licensed Marriage and Family therapist with 13 years of experience working with adults with depression, anxiety, codependency, relationship issues, and PTSD. I have many years of experience working with adults who come from families with substance abuse issues. I enjoy working with women who are having struggles around parenting and relationships. I also worked with children and families for years. I was the supervisor of a foster family agency. Due to this I am well versed in issues around parenting, adoption and children who have experienced foster care.
I am a LMFT Licensed Marriage and Family therapist with 13 years of experience working with adults with depression, anxiety, codependency, relationship issues, and PTSD. I have many years of experience working with adults who come from families with substance abuse issues. I enjoy working with women who are having struggles around parenting and relationships. I also worked with children and families for years. I was the supervisor of a foster family agency. Due to this I am well versed in issues around parenting, adoption and children who have experienced foster care.
(413) 307-3793 View (413) 307-3793
Photo of Serena Torrey, MSW, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Serena Torrey
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Greenfield, MA 01301
Welcome! I currently have space in my online Internal Family Systems (IFS) Practice Groups, and some openings for couples. I approach couples and group work with the intention of exploring each person's complexity and internal conflict. IFS lets us view conflicting parts with open-hearted curiosity. The groups offer hands-on IFS activities to strengthen your relationship with all parts of you. To learn more please contact me via the email link. I currently only see new individual clients who have completed an IFS group.
Welcome! I currently have space in my online Internal Family Systems (IFS) Practice Groups, and some openings for couples. I approach couples and group work with the intention of exploring each person's complexity and internal conflict. IFS lets us view conflicting parts with open-hearted curiosity. The groups offer hands-on IFS activities to strengthen your relationship with all parts of you. To learn more please contact me via the email link. I currently only see new individual clients who have completed an IFS group.
(413) 314-2546 View (413) 314-2546
Photo of Luke David Smith, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Luke David Smith
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Greenfield, MA 01301  (Online Only)
**All appointments are by telehealth for the foreseeable future.** Therapy is, of course, serious business, though it is also at its best when the process feels fun and engaging. The work of therapy may be serious, but it has long been my philosophy as a clinician to approach that work with my whole self--including humor, creativity, and playfulness. In bringing my whole self to our work together, I hope to invite you to do the same. As a partner in your therapy, I can help guide you to focus on the things that matter most to you while navigating the thoughts, emotions, and feelings that always seem to stand in the way.
**All appointments are by telehealth for the foreseeable future.** Therapy is, of course, serious business, though it is also at its best when the process feels fun and engaging. The work of therapy may be serious, but it has long been my philosophy as a clinician to approach that work with my whole self--including humor, creativity, and playfulness. In bringing my whole self to our work together, I hope to invite you to do the same. As a partner in your therapy, I can help guide you to focus on the things that matter most to you while navigating the thoughts, emotions, and feelings that always seem to stand in the way.
(413) 475-7257 View (413) 475-7257
Photo of Taffy Ruggeri, MSW, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Taffy Ruggeri
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Greenfield, MA 01301  (Online Only)
Engaging in therapy is a step towards clarity, change, and healing, and I respect the courage and motivation required to participate in such self-reflection. I help empower older adolescents and adults to make the changes they want in their lives, move through transitions, manage difficult times, or simply utilize therapy as self-care.
Engaging in therapy is a step towards clarity, change, and healing, and I respect the courage and motivation required to participate in such self-reflection. I help empower older adolescents and adults to make the changes they want in their lives, move through transitions, manage difficult times, or simply utilize therapy as self-care.
(413) 259-4396 View (413) 259-4396
Photo of Jamie Parnell, LMHC, Counselor
Jamie Parnell
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Greenfield, MA 01301  (Online Only)
Together we can help you become the best version of yourself. I specialize in working with Children, Teens, Young Adults, Adults & Families. Through insight and awareness into thoughts, emotions, and relationships patterns; You will begin to experience profound growth. This is a warm & empathetic space for you to identify concerns, manage emotions, and create realistic, achievable goals.
Together we can help you become the best version of yourself. I specialize in working with Children, Teens, Young Adults, Adults & Families. Through insight and awareness into thoughts, emotions, and relationships patterns; You will begin to experience profound growth. This is a warm & empathetic space for you to identify concerns, manage emotions, and create realistic, achievable goals.
(413) 300-9838 View (413) 300-9838
Photo of Kevin Blanchard, MSW, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kevin Blanchard
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Greenfield, MA 01301
I understand psychotherapy as collaborative work. My task is to fully attend with my eyes, ears and intuition to all that my client is offering; the spoken as well as the unspoken, the verbal as well as the non-verbal. It is my client’s task to put into words what their world feels like from the inside. From the resultant dialogue emerges a more complex understanding of their difficulties. Suffering seems an unavoidable feature of living, but articulating it lessens the impact, and insight gained as to its origins and possible meaning suggests the path to positive change.
I understand psychotherapy as collaborative work. My task is to fully attend with my eyes, ears and intuition to all that my client is offering; the spoken as well as the unspoken, the verbal as well as the non-verbal. It is my client’s task to put into words what their world feels like from the inside. From the resultant dialogue emerges a more complex understanding of their difficulties. Suffering seems an unavoidable feature of living, but articulating it lessens the impact, and insight gained as to its origins and possible meaning suggests the path to positive change.
(413) 579-6113 View (413) 579-6113
Photo of Marissa Singer, MA, ATR, Art Therapist
Marissa Singer
Art Therapist, MA, ATR
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Greenfield, MA 01301
There is no such thing as "bad art" or "bad artists" in art therapy. You are also not too old or too (fill in the blank) to give it a try. Art therapy is highly adaptable and accesses both sides of your brain. The act of creating and altering images, in your own unique way can help to externalize, reorganize and regulate your emotional narrative in a way that words alone may not. I primarily specialize in working with teens and older adults who have emotional dysregulation, disability (cognitive and/or physical), are neurodiverse (ADHD/ASD/HSP), LGBTQIA2S+, PTSD, CPTSD. BUT you do not need a diagnosis to utilize art therapy.
There is no such thing as "bad art" or "bad artists" in art therapy. You are also not too old or too (fill in the blank) to give it a try. Art therapy is highly adaptable and accesses both sides of your brain. The act of creating and altering images, in your own unique way can help to externalize, reorganize and regulate your emotional narrative in a way that words alone may not. I primarily specialize in working with teens and older adults who have emotional dysregulation, disability (cognitive and/or physical), are neurodiverse (ADHD/ASD/HSP), LGBTQIA2S+, PTSD, CPTSD. BUT you do not need a diagnosis to utilize art therapy.
(413) 359-8010 View (413) 359-8010
Photo of Terry Kennedy, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Terry Kennedy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Greenfield, MA 01301
I have been interested in transformative Consciousness work since the early 1970's and have extensive training in both Freudian and Jungian psychology, and varities of Mindfulness Practice. I practiced psychotherapy in greater Boston from 1973 through 1991 and then came to California to study with a Jungian teacher who studied with Carl Jung, M.D., in Zurich Switzerland in the mid 1950's! I currently combine meditative practice with the best multi-modal psychotherapy practices in order to help clients gain the maximum advantage in their lives!
I have been interested in transformative Consciousness work since the early 1970's and have extensive training in both Freudian and Jungian psychology, and varities of Mindfulness Practice. I practiced psychotherapy in greater Boston from 1973 through 1991 and then came to California to study with a Jungian teacher who studied with Carl Jung, M.D., in Zurich Switzerland in the mid 1950's! I currently combine meditative practice with the best multi-modal psychotherapy practices in order to help clients gain the maximum advantage in their lives!
(413) 213-3015 View (413) 213-3015
Photo of Scott Dunaisky, MEd, LMHC, Counselor
Scott Dunaisky
Counselor, MEd, LMHC
Verified Verified
Greenfield, MA 01301
I work with children, adolescents, adults, and couples using an empathic, mindfulness based approach that is aimed at helping individuals move towards their goals. I help people work through a range of challenges including processing trauma, living with anxiety, living with depression, living with anger/rage, and working through interpersonal or family conflict. In addition, I also support people who may be struggling to achieve a balance and a feeling of control in their world. I offer a relaxed and supportive space that allows individuals to make their own choices in their process of moving towards their specific goals.
I work with children, adolescents, adults, and couples using an empathic, mindfulness based approach that is aimed at helping individuals move towards their goals. I help people work through a range of challenges including processing trauma, living with anxiety, living with depression, living with anger/rage, and working through interpersonal or family conflict. In addition, I also support people who may be struggling to achieve a balance and a feeling of control in their world. I offer a relaxed and supportive space that allows individuals to make their own choices in their process of moving towards their specific goals.
(413) 666-1578 View (413) 666-1578
Photo of Rafe Halsey, MA, Marriage & Family Therapist
Rafe Halsey
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA
Verified Verified
Greenfield, MA 01301
Waitlist for new clients
Are you someone that's looking to make changes in your life, to move through a difficult transition, to heal or to grow? Are you looking to increase your ability to connect to others or yourself? Do you need support in the process? Are you looking to shift your feelings and thoughts about a situation, a relationship, your family, substances, vices or your self?
Are you someone that's looking to make changes in your life, to move through a difficult transition, to heal or to grow? Are you looking to increase your ability to connect to others or yourself? Do you need support in the process? Are you looking to shift your feelings and thoughts about a situation, a relationship, your family, substances, vices or your self?
(413) 331-7842 View (413) 331-7842
Photo of Astrid Burke, LMHC, MA, Counselor
Astrid Burke
Counselor, LMHC, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Greenfield, MA 01301  (Online Only)
Welcome! I'm a remote therapist based in Western Mass and seeing clients in MA and NY. I love connecting deeply with my clients and understanding their life stories, past experiences, relationships, and identities. I believe that therapy is a collaborative process and that you are the expert of your own story. I imagine you in the driver's seat and me in the passenger seat, with you every step of the way, holding the map and offering guidance and support, but understanding that the real growth comes from you.
Welcome! I'm a remote therapist based in Western Mass and seeing clients in MA and NY. I love connecting deeply with my clients and understanding their life stories, past experiences, relationships, and identities. I believe that therapy is a collaborative process and that you are the expert of your own story. I imagine you in the driver's seat and me in the passenger seat, with you every step of the way, holding the map and offering guidance and support, but understanding that the real growth comes from you.
(917) 993-5130 View (917) 993-5130
Photo of Marek Tresnak, LMHC, MA, Counselor
Marek Tresnak
Counselor, LMHC, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Greenfield, MA 01301
Hello and thanks for your interest in my services. I help people to reconnect with the life they would like to live. With the tools of mindfulness and cognitive therapy we work on gaining freedom from intrusive emotions and beliefs that don't serve them. Through getting in touch with their emotions and releasing them, they can find a fresh creative energy within. Most of my clients seek help with anxiety, excessive worries, depression, trauma, addiction or just a difficult relationship situation. I enjoy connecting with my clients and emphasize the power of a strong therapeutic relationship.
Hello and thanks for your interest in my services. I help people to reconnect with the life they would like to live. With the tools of mindfulness and cognitive therapy we work on gaining freedom from intrusive emotions and beliefs that don't serve them. Through getting in touch with their emotions and releasing them, they can find a fresh creative energy within. Most of my clients seek help with anxiety, excessive worries, depression, trauma, addiction or just a difficult relationship situation. I enjoy connecting with my clients and emphasize the power of a strong therapeutic relationship.
(413) 650-1530 View (413) 650-1530
Photo of Faith Burrington Jones, MA, LMHC, CADCII, Counselor
Faith Burrington Jones
Counselor, MA, LMHC, CADCII
Verified Verified
Greenfield, MA 01301
Many who have worked with me have said that I provide a warm, safe, and understanding healing presence. I believe it is a privilege to work with those who are willing to work at healing their emotional selves. I call myself a mind, body, spirit therapist as I believe it is important to explore all parts of the "self" in order to heal into wholeness. I team with the person I am working with to arrive at the best possible course of treatment for cognitive, emotional and spiritual imbalance. My specialties are: Addictions (dual-diagnosis); PTSD; Relationship Issues; Anxiety disorders; Bereavement; Spiritual Development.
Many who have worked with me have said that I provide a warm, safe, and understanding healing presence. I believe it is a privilege to work with those who are willing to work at healing their emotional selves. I call myself a mind, body, spirit therapist as I believe it is important to explore all parts of the "self" in order to heal into wholeness. I team with the person I am working with to arrive at the best possible course of treatment for cognitive, emotional and spiritual imbalance. My specialties are: Addictions (dual-diagnosis); PTSD; Relationship Issues; Anxiety disorders; Bereavement; Spiritual Development.
(413) 357-1792 View (413) 357-1792
Photo of Nick Boutros, LMHC, NCC, CCMHC, Counselor
Nick Boutros
Counselor, LMHC, NCC, CCMHC
Verified Verified
Greenfield, MA 01301
Waitlist for new clients
Hi! I work with people who feel disconnected and who need help re-finding to what makes them feel alive. My specific areas of specialty are: (1) those experienced with meditation wanting a meditation-knowledgeable therapist, especially vajrayana practitioners. (2) LGBTQI individuals who specifically want a male-identified therapist, and (3) individuals struggling with fear or anxiety around death.
Hi! I work with people who feel disconnected and who need help re-finding to what makes them feel alive. My specific areas of specialty are: (1) those experienced with meditation wanting a meditation-knowledgeable therapist, especially vajrayana practitioners. (2) LGBTQI individuals who specifically want a male-identified therapist, and (3) individuals struggling with fear or anxiety around death.
(413) 650-6894 View (413) 650-6894
Photo of Liam Botelho, MSW, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Liam Botelho
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Greenfield, MA 01301
I work with clients of all ages, and I have considerable past experience with children, adolescents, and young adults. The main mental health needs I work with are anxiety, depression, substance use, trauma, and grief. I am here to support people in becoming their ideal selves, which involves truly evaluating our relationship with our self, our relationships with others, and balancing our ability for acceptance and change. There is no "arrival" at “wholeness”, but rather strengthening ourselves to both survive the hard and seek fulfillment.
I work with clients of all ages, and I have considerable past experience with children, adolescents, and young adults. The main mental health needs I work with are anxiety, depression, substance use, trauma, and grief. I am here to support people in becoming their ideal selves, which involves truly evaluating our relationship with our self, our relationships with others, and balancing our ability for acceptance and change. There is no "arrival" at “wholeness”, but rather strengthening ourselves to both survive the hard and seek fulfillment.
(413) 213-3539 View (413) 213-3539
Photo of Elissa Burdick, MA, NBC-HWC
Elissa Burdick
MA, NBC-HWC
Verified Verified
Greenfield, MA 01301  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I get it. You're feeling stuck and don't know how to get out of this rut you've been in for who-knows-how-long. You've spent countless hours reading self-help books but just can't piece it all together to live a life you love. You WANT a self-care routine you love, to be kinder to yourself, to trust your decisions, and to have deeply connected relationships that lift you up. I'm here to tell you it's 100% possible to break free from tiresome autopilot mode and create the life you've always wanted for yourself! I know because I've made this happen both for myself AND for hundreds of clients just like you, locally and worldwide.
I get it. You're feeling stuck and don't know how to get out of this rut you've been in for who-knows-how-long. You've spent countless hours reading self-help books but just can't piece it all together to live a life you love. You WANT a self-care routine you love, to be kinder to yourself, to trust your decisions, and to have deeply connected relationships that lift you up. I'm here to tell you it's 100% possible to break free from tiresome autopilot mode and create the life you've always wanted for yourself! I know because I've made this happen both for myself AND for hundreds of clients just like you, locally and worldwide.
(617) 544-7280 View (617) 544-7280
Photo of J. Michael Rowan, MSW, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
J. Michael Rowan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Greenfield, MA 01301  (Online Only)
I am an experienced family therapist who has worked with children, adolescents, adults, and families in a variety of settings. I see self-pay clients and Blue Cross Blue Shield. I am often the first person to see a young child when emotional and behavioral difficulties emerge in pre-school or Kindergarten. I can help figure out what's going on diagnostically and we can develop a treatment plan together. I have successfully helped children and adults with ADHD, PTSD, Anxiety, and Mood Disorders like Depression and Bipolar Disorder.
I am an experienced family therapist who has worked with children, adolescents, adults, and families in a variety of settings. I see self-pay clients and Blue Cross Blue Shield. I am often the first person to see a young child when emotional and behavioral difficulties emerge in pre-school or Kindergarten. I can help figure out what's going on diagnostically and we can develop a treatment plan together. I have successfully helped children and adults with ADHD, PTSD, Anxiety, and Mood Disorders like Depression and Bipolar Disorder.
(413) 353-1064 View (413) 353-1064
Photo of Susan Wilcox, MSW, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Susan Wilcox
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Greenfield, MA 01301  (Online Only)
Are you seeking relief from anxiety, trauma, depression, PTSD, or low self esteem? Therapy can help. Whether you are navigating a challenging life experience, wanting to feel less reactive, grieving a loss or wanting to feel more connected in a relationship. We will explore your story together.
Are you seeking relief from anxiety, trauma, depression, PTSD, or low self esteem? Therapy can help. Whether you are navigating a challenging life experience, wanting to feel less reactive, grieving a loss or wanting to feel more connected in a relationship. We will explore your story together.
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Photo of Keri Harshbarger, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Keri Harshbarger
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Greenfield, MA 01301
Therapy is a safe space to share your unique story, have your feelings validated, and receive support without judgment. Whether you are trying to manage feelings of sadness, are worried about the future, or experiencing conflict at home or work, I'm confident that we can work together to help you feel better, improve your relationships, and start enjoying your life in the way that you deserve.
Therapy is a safe space to share your unique story, have your feelings validated, and receive support without judgment. Whether you are trying to manage feelings of sadness, are worried about the future, or experiencing conflict at home or work, I'm confident that we can work together to help you feel better, improve your relationships, and start enjoying your life in the way that you deserve.
(413) 414-4538 View (413) 414-4538
Photo of Lo Fitzgibbons, MSW, LICSW, MEd, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lo Fitzgibbons
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW, MEd
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Greenfield, MA 01301
Not accepting new clients
While facing life transitions, coping with loss, exploring the past, preparing for the future, or navigating a host of mental, emotional, and physical human experiences, my clients seek therapy to safely establish healthy patterns, thoughts, and change. Clients tell me our work creates a healing relationship that fosters long term change as well as resolve of past traumas and conflicts "instead of a band-aid approach." We'll collaborate and create a tailored approach to meet your needs. I am welcoming to communities of color. You will receive empowering, holistic psychotherapy whether trans/cis, queer, heterosexual, or LGBTQI2PA.
While facing life transitions, coping with loss, exploring the past, preparing for the future, or navigating a host of mental, emotional, and physical human experiences, my clients seek therapy to safely establish healthy patterns, thoughts, and change. Clients tell me our work creates a healing relationship that fosters long term change as well as resolve of past traumas and conflicts "instead of a band-aid approach." We'll collaborate and create a tailored approach to meet your needs. I am welcoming to communities of color. You will receive empowering, holistic psychotherapy whether trans/cis, queer, heterosexual, or LGBTQI2PA.
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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 01301

100+

Average cost per session

$130

Therapists in 01301 who prioritize treating:

90% Anxiety
84% Depression
81% Relationship Issues
76% Trauma and PTSD
70% Self Esteem
68% Grief
59% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

15 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

88% BlueCross and BlueShield
49% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
47% Optum

How Therapists in 01301 see their clients

68% In Person and Online
32% Online Only

Gender breakdown

68% Female
28% Male
4% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 01301?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.