Counselling in Sonning Common

Photo of Gordon Gunnarsen, Psychotherapist in Sonning Common, England
Gordon Gunnarsen
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified
Sonning Common RG4
Clients come with diverse problems and needs. What matters to my clients, matters to me. Generally, I have found problems which manifest in current life relationships (romantic, family, work, with services or with ourself) but which originate in our past experiences are those which can be worked on helpfully using the ways I work. A measure of openness to explore other perspectives and to really think about describing issues is very important as is a commitment to think outside sessions about things that may be the causes of distress.
Clients come with diverse problems and needs. What matters to my clients, matters to me. Generally, I have found problems which manifest in current life relationships (romantic, family, work, with services or with ourself) but which originate in our past experiences are those which can be worked on helpfully using the ways I work. A measure of openness to explore other perspectives and to really think about describing issues is very important as is a commitment to think outside sessions about things that may be the causes of distress.
0118 214 8650 View 0118 214 8650
Photo of Debbie Byrne, Counsellor in Sonning Common, England
Debbie Byrne
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Sonning Common RG4
I am passionate about working with people towards a more fulfilling and empowered life. Together we can explore, not what's wrong with you, but what's happened to you. A greater awareness of ourselves can allow a greater compassion for ourselves and enable us to make choices more suited to our real needs. Life can sometimes be difficult through no fault of our own. I aim to create a safe, empathic and non-judgmental environment so you can talk freely and confidentially as we explore these things together each week.
I am passionate about working with people towards a more fulfilling and empowered life. Together we can explore, not what's wrong with you, but what's happened to you. A greater awareness of ourselves can allow a greater compassion for ourselves and enable us to make choices more suited to our real needs. Life can sometimes be difficult through no fault of our own. I aim to create a safe, empathic and non-judgmental environment so you can talk freely and confidentially as we explore these things together each week.
0118 230 0837 View 0118 230 0837
Photo of Michelle King Counselling & Supervision, Counsellor in Sonning Common, England
Michelle King Counselling & Supervision
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Sonning Common RG4
I know from experience how hard it can be to find mental health support for children and young people when they need it most. It can be a lot like hitting a series of brick walls and feeling powerless. It’s why I became a counsellor and why I work with young people. I offer a private and confidential counselling service for children (age 10+), adolescents and young adults suffering from emotional and behavioural difficulties. I can work face-to-face at my therapy space in central Reading, Berkshire. Or online by video or telephone. I also offer supervision to CYP counsellors and psychotherapists.
I know from experience how hard it can be to find mental health support for children and young people when they need it most. It can be a lot like hitting a series of brick walls and feeling powerless. It’s why I became a counsellor and why I work with young people. I offer a private and confidential counselling service for children (age 10+), adolescents and young adults suffering from emotional and behavioural difficulties. I can work face-to-face at my therapy space in central Reading, Berkshire. Or online by video or telephone. I also offer supervision to CYP counsellors and psychotherapists.
01256 678597 View 01256 678597

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Cath Price, Counsellor in Sonning Common, England
Cath Price
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Reading RG1
We can all struggle sometimes - we may not always want to share our deepest, most painful feelings and thoughts with friends and family. It can be hard to make the initial step to talk to someone, I'm sensitive and warm, aiming to make that as easy as possible. I've counselled people experiencing trauma, relationship breakdown, bereavement, low confidence, low self esteem, low mood, anxiety, negative thinking, depression and stress. I work non judgementally - believing we’re all doing the best we can, with warmth and empathy for you to safely explore. I won't advise or tell you what to do, believing you hold your solutions.
We can all struggle sometimes - we may not always want to share our deepest, most painful feelings and thoughts with friends and family. It can be hard to make the initial step to talk to someone, I'm sensitive and warm, aiming to make that as easy as possible. I've counselled people experiencing trauma, relationship breakdown, bereavement, low confidence, low self esteem, low mood, anxiety, negative thinking, depression and stress. I work non judgementally - believing we’re all doing the best we can, with warmth and empathy for you to safely explore. I won't advise or tell you what to do, believing you hold your solutions.
0118 230 3694 View 0118 230 3694
Photo of Kate Butler Counselling, Counsellor in Sonning Common, England
Kate Butler Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Reading RG2
Are you a teenager or a young person who is struggling with emotions and thoughts that are making life difficult? Or maybe you're finding it difficult to deal with something traumatic that has happened to you? Perhaps you're a parent, worried about your teenager or young adult? I'm a qualified integrative counsellor and psychotherapist helping teenagers, young people and parents to overcome trauma, PTSD, anxiety, depression and low self-esteem. I provide a safe, calm and supportive space to allow you or your child to work through what is causing difficulties and find a way forward.
Are you a teenager or a young person who is struggling with emotions and thoughts that are making life difficult? Or maybe you're finding it difficult to deal with something traumatic that has happened to you? Perhaps you're a parent, worried about your teenager or young adult? I'm a qualified integrative counsellor and psychotherapist helping teenagers, young people and parents to overcome trauma, PTSD, anxiety, depression and low self-esteem. I provide a safe, calm and supportive space to allow you or your child to work through what is causing difficulties and find a way forward.
0118 230 5940 View 0118 230 5940
Photo of Dr Egle Meistaite, Psychologist in Sonning Common, England
Dr Egle Meistaite
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified
Reading RG1
I am a counselling psychologist and MBT Practitioner with a background in the NHS. I work individually, with adults. Everyone is different, and everyone has a unique life full of challenges and strengths. Thus, the aim of my work is to collaboratively focus on what you may want and need help with. It's important to me that you feel safe and accepted, enabling you to explore your difficult experiences, understand what troubles you, accept what cannot be changed, and change what can be changed. This therapeutic process can help you learn how to break the cycle of hopelessness and find helpful ways out of your experiences of stuckness.
I am a counselling psychologist and MBT Practitioner with a background in the NHS. I work individually, with adults. Everyone is different, and everyone has a unique life full of challenges and strengths. Thus, the aim of my work is to collaboratively focus on what you may want and need help with. It's important to me that you feel safe and accepted, enabling you to explore your difficult experiences, understand what troubles you, accept what cannot be changed, and change what can be changed. This therapeutic process can help you learn how to break the cycle of hopelessness and find helpful ways out of your experiences of stuckness.
020 3870 3889 View 020 3870 3889
Photo of Stacey Lees, Psychotherapist in Sonning Common, England
Stacey Lees
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified
Reading RG1
Hello, welcome to my profile page; thank you for visiting. I am an integrative psychotherapist and I work with children, young people, adults and also offer parent reflective sessions. Seeking a therapist can be overwhelming, especially if you are new to therapy. It takes courage to take the first step and it is important that you find the right person for you. With compassion, curiosity, playfulness, and open-mindedness, I provide a safe and confidential environment for exploration of life challenges without judgment.
Hello, welcome to my profile page; thank you for visiting. I am an integrative psychotherapist and I work with children, young people, adults and also offer parent reflective sessions. Seeking a therapist can be overwhelming, especially if you are new to therapy. It takes courage to take the first step and it is important that you find the right person for you. With compassion, curiosity, playfulness, and open-mindedness, I provide a safe and confidential environment for exploration of life challenges without judgment.
0118 230 8564 View 0118 230 8564
Photo of Sally Hudson, Psychotherapist in Sonning Common, England
Sally Hudson
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Reading RG4
During these uncertain times of COVID-19, there is one constant that we can draw upon and that is Mother Nature - our original context and fundamental place of belonging. Having therapy or mindfulness sessions outside in nature has a calming influence on our nervous system and offers an opportunity to go back to our roots and escape from the current stresses and being indoors. Whether being with the horses or walking outside in the local countryside, we give ourselves the space to safely explore our experiences of life, build awareness in the present moment and find choice and renewed purpose in our life.
During these uncertain times of COVID-19, there is one constant that we can draw upon and that is Mother Nature - our original context and fundamental place of belonging. Having therapy or mindfulness sessions outside in nature has a calming influence on our nervous system and offers an opportunity to go back to our roots and escape from the current stresses and being indoors. Whether being with the horses or walking outside in the local countryside, we give ourselves the space to safely explore our experiences of life, build awareness in the present moment and find choice and renewed purpose in our life.
0118 207 2523 View 0118 207 2523
Photo of Rob Palterman, Counsellor in Sonning Common, England
Rob Palterman
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Reading RG1
Sometimes we feel overwhelmed by life,  feelings of anxiety and depression disrupting our wellbeing, making us feel less than acceptable to ourselves and others.  Difficult or traumatising experiences in the past can leave us feeling stuck, alone, fearful or angry. We might be stuck in a flight/flight/freeze response blighting our ability to be in the present moment unable to lean into the people in our lives. Safely speak your truth, express you deepest feelings, learn about yourself in a safe therapeutic space where you could explore these experiences transmut trauma into wisdom and become nearer to being your best self.
Sometimes we feel overwhelmed by life,  feelings of anxiety and depression disrupting our wellbeing, making us feel less than acceptable to ourselves and others.  Difficult or traumatising experiences in the past can leave us feeling stuck, alone, fearful or angry. We might be stuck in a flight/flight/freeze response blighting our ability to be in the present moment unable to lean into the people in our lives. Safely speak your truth, express you deepest feelings, learn about yourself in a safe therapeutic space where you could explore these experiences transmut trauma into wisdom and become nearer to being your best self.
0118 230 2064 View 0118 230 2064
Photo of Isobel Neve, Counsellor in Sonning Common, England
Isobel Neve
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Reading RG1
I love helping people to find out more about themselves and recognise their worth. I know that understanding your struggles can be confusing and stressful, but I also know that there’s hope. This can involve helping you to explore your own issues, history, feelings, beliefs, behaviour, values and worldview, so you can become more self-aware and confident in making your own choices. I won't try to 'fix' you or tell you what to do but can help you see that you have options. With the right support, I believe you can make sense of what's happening for you now and get back to feeling like yourself again.
I love helping people to find out more about themselves and recognise their worth. I know that understanding your struggles can be confusing and stressful, but I also know that there’s hope. This can involve helping you to explore your own issues, history, feelings, beliefs, behaviour, values and worldview, so you can become more self-aware and confident in making your own choices. I won't try to 'fix' you or tell you what to do but can help you see that you have options. With the right support, I believe you can make sense of what's happening for you now and get back to feeling like yourself again.
0118 230 6000 View 0118 230 6000
Photo of Core Illumination Healing, Psychotherapist in Sonning Common, England
Core Illumination Healing
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified
Earley RG6
Perhaps you're feeling down; depressed, anxious, confused, overwhelmed, stuck or lonely. Maybe you're unsure about a relationship, challenged by life transitions or a relationship breakdown.You might be struggling with childhood trauma, parenting,adoption, infertility, loss and identity issues. Or just feeling that you aren't living the life you deserve. Life gets tough sometimes, yet out of our vulnerabilities lie our strength. Therapy is a process of self-discovery & growth that helps you to understand aspects of your life that may be holding you back, heal and ignite passion and fulfilment. I have faith and welcome you as you are
Perhaps you're feeling down; depressed, anxious, confused, overwhelmed, stuck or lonely. Maybe you're unsure about a relationship, challenged by life transitions or a relationship breakdown.You might be struggling with childhood trauma, parenting,adoption, infertility, loss and identity issues. Or just feeling that you aren't living the life you deserve. Life gets tough sometimes, yet out of our vulnerabilities lie our strength. Therapy is a process of self-discovery & growth that helps you to understand aspects of your life that may be holding you back, heal and ignite passion and fulfilment. I have faith and welcome you as you are
0118 214 0816 View 0118 214 0816
Photo of Sara Whammond Cbt Emdr Dbt Schema, Psychotherapist in Sonning Common, England
Sara Whammond Cbt Emdr Dbt Schema
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified
Reading RG1
CBT, EMDR, DBT, Schema Therapy You may be feeling low in mood or struggling with motivation and energy. Perhaps you are a worrier and this is causing you distress. Are you having trouble with social situations and this is interfering with your life? Perhaps you are experiencing panic attacks. Maybe you are obsessing over things or are checking things until they feel 'right' and this is causing you anxiety. Are you worrying about your health, do you think you have a serious illness despite medical evidence to the contrary? Have you suffered from abuse as a child or another traumatic event?
CBT, EMDR, DBT, Schema Therapy You may be feeling low in mood or struggling with motivation and energy. Perhaps you are a worrier and this is causing you distress. Are you having trouble with social situations and this is interfering with your life? Perhaps you are experiencing panic attacks. Maybe you are obsessing over things or are checking things until they feel 'right' and this is causing you anxiety. Are you worrying about your health, do you think you have a serious illness despite medical evidence to the contrary? Have you suffered from abuse as a child or another traumatic event?
01491 521246 View 01491 521246
Photo of Evolve Coaching & Psychotherapy, Psychotherapist in Sonning Common, England
Evolve Coaching & Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP Accred
Verified
Reading RG1
Clients that come to me often want to feel more resilient to stress, reduce or eliminate anxiety or panic, process trauma, improve breathing difficulties, boost physical & mental health or improve sports performance .
Clients that come to me often want to feel more resilient to stress, reduce or eliminate anxiety or panic, process trauma, improve breathing difficulties, boost physical & mental health or improve sports performance .
0118 230 8540 View 0118 230 8540
Photo of Christine Boyd, Psychotherapist in Sonning Common, England
Christine Boyd
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified
Reading RG4
My name is Christine and I have been a practising counsellor and psychotherapist in the Thames Valley, (Sonning Common) near Reading, RG4 and in Paddington, London W2 for over twenty years. I am fully committed to providing counselling and psychotherapy in a safe, confidential and non-judgemental environment.
My name is Christine and I have been a practising counsellor and psychotherapist in the Thames Valley, (Sonning Common) near Reading, RG4 and in Paddington, London W2 for over twenty years. I am fully committed to providing counselling and psychotherapy in a safe, confidential and non-judgemental environment.
0118 207 2461 View 0118 207 2461
Photo of Lorena Balbinot, Psychotherapist in Sonning Common, England
Lorena Balbinot
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified
Reading RG1
Waitlist for new clients
I have experience of working with trauma and complex trauma, PTSD & CPTSD, addiction, co-dependence, narcissistic abuse, sexual problems, stress, anxiety, depression, anger management, compulsive behaviours, bereavement, grief, the LGBTQ+ community, low self-esteem and shame, racial trauma, attachment issues and disorders, dissociation and dissociative disorders, BPD, psychosis, self-harm and suicidality. For more information please visit my website, www.lorenabalbinot.com.
I have experience of working with trauma and complex trauma, PTSD & CPTSD, addiction, co-dependence, narcissistic abuse, sexual problems, stress, anxiety, depression, anger management, compulsive behaviours, bereavement, grief, the LGBTQ+ community, low self-esteem and shame, racial trauma, attachment issues and disorders, dissociation and dissociative disorders, BPD, psychosis, self-harm and suicidality. For more information please visit my website, www.lorenabalbinot.com.
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Photo of Ruchi Bakshi, Psychologist in Sonning Common, England
Ruchi Bakshi
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified
Reading RG1
Not accepting new clients
Hello, I am Dr Ruchi Bakshi a Clinical Psychologist. I work at Riverside Psychology Marlow in Buckinghamshire and remotely. I have over ten years experience working as a Clinical Psychologist in the public and private sector. I specialise in women’s health, emotional wellbeing and the perinatal period as well as child, parent and family work. I offer evidence based Psychological therapy working in an integrative and holistic way to support you in your health and emotional well-being.
Hello, I am Dr Ruchi Bakshi a Clinical Psychologist. I work at Riverside Psychology Marlow in Buckinghamshire and remotely. I have over ten years experience working as a Clinical Psychologist in the public and private sector. I specialise in women’s health, emotional wellbeing and the perinatal period as well as child, parent and family work. I offer evidence based Psychological therapy working in an integrative and holistic way to support you in your health and emotional well-being.
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Photo of Alison Maitland, Psychologist in Sonning Common, England
Alison Maitland
Psychologist, PhD, HCPC - Sport Psych.
Verified
Reading RG1
Sometimes we get stuck - in our sport and our lives. Maybe you are struggling with self esteem or performance anxiety, not sure what direction to take your career, injured or lacking motivation, facing a setback or caught up in difficult thoughts and feelings that stop you from performing to your best. Whether you are just starting out in life or an elite performer wanting to achieve the last 1%, you can learn practical and effective ways to get unstuck.
Sometimes we get stuck - in our sport and our lives. Maybe you are struggling with self esteem or performance anxiety, not sure what direction to take your career, injured or lacking motivation, facing a setback or caught up in difficult thoughts and feelings that stop you from performing to your best. Whether you are just starting out in life or an elite performer wanting to achieve the last 1%, you can learn practical and effective ways to get unstuck.
020 4538 2702 View 020 4538 2702
Photo of Craig Everard, Counsellor in Sonning Common, England
Craig Everard
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Reading RG1
I am qualified TA Psychotherapeutic Counsellor with 3 years formal training in Transactional Analysis Psychotherapy. I have also worked for 3 years in a Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit working with individuals struggling with acute mental health conditions. Whether it’s wanting to understand yourself better or Life has thrown you one of its many curveballs, it’s okay to be overwhelmed by it. I hold the belief that everyone is OK and that the relationship built between Therapist and Client holds the key to creating change for the better. I want to help give you back your power to control and enjoy your life to its fullest.
I am qualified TA Psychotherapeutic Counsellor with 3 years formal training in Transactional Analysis Psychotherapy. I have also worked for 3 years in a Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit working with individuals struggling with acute mental health conditions. Whether it’s wanting to understand yourself better or Life has thrown you one of its many curveballs, it’s okay to be overwhelmed by it. I hold the belief that everyone is OK and that the relationship built between Therapist and Client holds the key to creating change for the better. I want to help give you back your power to control and enjoy your life to its fullest.
01753 251599 View 01753 251599
Photo of Julie Scully, Psychotherapist in Sonning Common, England
Julie Scully
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified
Reading RG1
We can all at times experience life as challenging and stressful. Clients contact me for a variety of reasons including:partners of childhood sexual abuse survivors, anxiety, work stress, bereavement, depression, low self-esteem, relationship difficulties, loss of direction as well as wellbeing for men. Couples also come to my practice. Some come to improve how they communicate, some wish to find a way through their current difficulties and to find a way forward, some wish to separate with compassion and understanding, whereas others come to keep their communication open via couple tune up sessions after the main therapy has ended.
We can all at times experience life as challenging and stressful. Clients contact me for a variety of reasons including:partners of childhood sexual abuse survivors, anxiety, work stress, bereavement, depression, low self-esteem, relationship difficulties, loss of direction as well as wellbeing for men. Couples also come to my practice. Some come to improve how they communicate, some wish to find a way through their current difficulties and to find a way forward, some wish to separate with compassion and understanding, whereas others come to keep their communication open via couple tune up sessions after the main therapy has ended.
01344 595434 View 01344 595434
Photo of Barbara Paczkowska, Psychotherapist in Sonning Common, England
Barbara Paczkowska
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified
Reading RG1
Valuing the importance of a therapeutic relationship, I base my relationships with clients on trust and partnership. Drawing on extensive experience I aim to provide a safe and non- judgmental environment where you the client feels acknowledged, listened to and supported. As we are all unique no one type of therapy 'fits' all and I therefore integrate the therapeutic models in which I have been trained to meet your particular individual needs.
Valuing the importance of a therapeutic relationship, I base my relationships with clients on trust and partnership. Drawing on extensive experience I aim to provide a safe and non- judgmental environment where you the client feels acknowledged, listened to and supported. As we are all unique no one type of therapy 'fits' all and I therefore integrate the therapeutic models in which I have been trained to meet your particular individual needs.
01753 907660 View 01753 907660

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Sonning Common

< 10

Counsellors in Sonning Common who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Anxiety
67% Depression
67% Infertility
67% Bereavement
67% Parenting
67% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

11 Years

Gender breakdown

67% Female
33% Male

How Counsellors in Sonning Common see their clients

100% In Person and Online

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Sonning Common?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.