Therapists in Santa Monica, CA

Photo of Rachel Sillman, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Rachel Sillman
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Santa Monica, CA 90405
In my work with clients, I create a safe and nurturing environment for you to find your way back to a sense of wholeness and fulfillment in life. It's not about fixing what's broken or changing your identity but helping you remember what it's like to feel in balance and connected. I support you in letting go of what's blocking you from finding that core, creative and joyful self within. My specialities for treatment include: addiction, trauma, grief processing, anxiety, stress management and relational challenges.
In my work with clients, I create a safe and nurturing environment for you to find your way back to a sense of wholeness and fulfillment in life. It's not about fixing what's broken or changing your identity but helping you remember what it's like to feel in balance and connected. I support you in letting go of what's blocking you from finding that core, creative and joyful self within. My specialities for treatment include: addiction, trauma, grief processing, anxiety, stress management and relational challenges.
(310) 561-1838 View (310) 561-1838
Photo of Ekaterini Constantine, MA, LMFT, EMDR, Marriage & Family Therapist
Ekaterini Constantine
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, EMDR
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Santa Monica, CA 90401
Feeling fatigued, burnout, overwhelmed, or even confused are very common issues my clients describe as their chief complaint. These symptoms may have underlying causes that lead to the need to seek healing and the wish to carve one's own path in life in a safe and caring environment. I have extensive experience working with teens and adults who want to understand and overcome their issues related to post-traumatic stress disorder, attachment wounds, depression, anxiety, performance anxiety, perinatal mood and anxiety disorders, grief and loss, low self-esteem, stress management.
Feeling fatigued, burnout, overwhelmed, or even confused are very common issues my clients describe as their chief complaint. These symptoms may have underlying causes that lead to the need to seek healing and the wish to carve one's own path in life in a safe and caring environment. I have extensive experience working with teens and adults who want to understand and overcome their issues related to post-traumatic stress disorder, attachment wounds, depression, anxiety, performance anxiety, perinatal mood and anxiety disorders, grief and loss, low self-esteem, stress management.
(310) 496-8837 View (310) 496-8837
Photo of Drea Fennewald, ASW, MSW, BS
Drea Fennewald
ASW, MSW, BS
Verified Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90401
I believe we all hold the answers to healing within. However, at times, life stressors, environmental factors, and traumatic events leave us feeling ‘stuck’, overwhelmed, and lost on our path. I take a collaborative, integrative approach, blending ideas from various modalities in order to support you in reconnecting with your true north. I believe the mind-body connection plays a significant role in growth and healing, and work to increase awareness of embodied responses while broadening your toolbox of strategies for coping.
I believe we all hold the answers to healing within. However, at times, life stressors, environmental factors, and traumatic events leave us feeling ‘stuck’, overwhelmed, and lost on our path. I take a collaborative, integrative approach, blending ideas from various modalities in order to support you in reconnecting with your true north. I believe the mind-body connection plays a significant role in growth and healing, and work to increase awareness of embodied responses while broadening your toolbox of strategies for coping.
(424) 655-3346 View (424) 655-3346
Photo of Besan Hanna, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Besan Hanna
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90404  (Online Only)
I believe that we each hold the solutions to our lives and sometimes we just need support as we figure things out. That’s my role! I get the privilege to walk beside you on your life journey and help you find solutions you already have. We get to do this together via a strength-based and solution-oriented approach that reminds you of your capabilities and just how powerful you truly are.
I believe that we each hold the solutions to our lives and sometimes we just need support as we figure things out. That’s my role! I get the privilege to walk beside you on your life journey and help you find solutions you already have. We get to do this together via a strength-based and solution-oriented approach that reminds you of your capabilities and just how powerful you truly are.
(510) 405-5264 View (510) 405-5264
Photo of undefined - Ira Israel, Licensed Counselor and Psychotherapist, LPCC, LMFT, Counselor
Ira Israel, Licensed Counselor and Psychotherapist
Counselor, LPCC, LMFT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Santa Monica, CA 90403
I have 15 years of experience helping people solve problems, overcome challenges, better regulate their emotions, improve their relationships, express themselves creatively and lead purposeful lives. Individuals report that I am exceptionally skillful at discerning core wounds and providing immediate solutions to help release traumas and treat depression and anxiety; couples report greater understanding, compassion, ease and intimacy. The personal approaches, tools and practices that I have developed in my books, courses, and private practice have proven to be extremely effective for people dealing with life's difficult moments.
I have 15 years of experience helping people solve problems, overcome challenges, better regulate their emotions, improve their relationships, express themselves creatively and lead purposeful lives. Individuals report that I am exceptionally skillful at discerning core wounds and providing immediate solutions to help release traumas and treat depression and anxiety; couples report greater understanding, compassion, ease and intimacy. The personal approaches, tools and practices that I have developed in my books, courses, and private practice have proven to be extremely effective for people dealing with life's difficult moments.
(310) 984-7268 View (310) 984-7268
Photo of Rishelle Maman, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Rishelle Maman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90404  (Online Only)
There are times when we may experience challenging emotional situations. When these situations arise we can benefit from the support of a person outside of our inner circle of family and friends. Whether you are struggling or you are watching your child struggle, it can take a toll on all aspects of your life. Everyone can benefit from working with a therapist and feeling heard. No problem is too common, severe, or unusual to be explored and healed.
There are times when we may experience challenging emotional situations. When these situations arise we can benefit from the support of a person outside of our inner circle of family and friends. Whether you are struggling or you are watching your child struggle, it can take a toll on all aspects of your life. Everyone can benefit from working with a therapist and feeling heard. No problem is too common, severe, or unusual to be explored and healed.
(424) 392-6813 View (424) 392-6813
Photo of Marleen D Urbaitis, PhD, Psychologist
Marleen D Urbaitis
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90403
I have been working as a Psychologist in private practice for more than 20 years. In addition I am a supervisor at a large medical center working with clients with varying mental health issues. I work best with adults, couples and teens who are experiencing some difficulty in their lives and have not been able to address it on their own. This often manifests as unhappiness, anxiety, relationship problems, anger, depression or even substance abuse. I enjoy working with someone to uncover the obstacles that keep them stuck and to facilitate what they may need to continue moving forward in their life.
I have been working as a Psychologist in private practice for more than 20 years. In addition I am a supervisor at a large medical center working with clients with varying mental health issues. I work best with adults, couples and teens who are experiencing some difficulty in their lives and have not been able to address it on their own. This often manifests as unhappiness, anxiety, relationship problems, anger, depression or even substance abuse. I enjoy working with someone to uncover the obstacles that keep them stuck and to facilitate what they may need to continue moving forward in their life.
(310) 945-2792 View (310) 945-2792
Photo of Jessica La Rocca, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Jessica La Rocca
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Santa Monica, CA 90401
My work as a therapist is to improve lives by energizing and empowering children, teenagers, and young adults to learn to love themselves and be the best they can be. I am dedicated to finding dynamic and creative ways to bring about inner healing while establishing a unique and genuine relationship with each client.
My work as a therapist is to improve lives by energizing and empowering children, teenagers, and young adults to learn to love themselves and be the best they can be. I am dedicated to finding dynamic and creative ways to bring about inner healing while establishing a unique and genuine relationship with each client.
(323) 419-0447 View (323) 419-0447
Photo of Jacob Kajiwara, MA, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Jacob Kajiwara
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Santa Monica, CA 90405  (Online Only)
I am passionate about helping my clients explore the intersections of adoption, racial/ethnic identity, childhood trauma, confidence, and major life transitions. Throughout life, we continually revisit and re-negotiate our understanding of the experiences that have shaped us. It’s especially hard if you’ve been impacted by unique circumstances such as international/domestic adoption, multi-cultural family, or even just the experience of being a minority in America. I provide a warm and safe space that allows clients to explore their authentic self.
I am passionate about helping my clients explore the intersections of adoption, racial/ethnic identity, childhood trauma, confidence, and major life transitions. Throughout life, we continually revisit and re-negotiate our understanding of the experiences that have shaped us. It’s especially hard if you’ve been impacted by unique circumstances such as international/domestic adoption, multi-cultural family, or even just the experience of being a minority in America. I provide a warm and safe space that allows clients to explore their authentic self.
(818) 600-6992 View (818) 600-6992
Photo of Ryan Scott Brewer, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Ryan Scott Brewer
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Santa Monica, CA 90405
My clients are generally very smart and motivated people that are tired of being held back by their anxiety, depression, and past trauma. They are looking for immediate tools that can help them feel more empowered today, while also ready to do the work of healing these issues for good!
My clients are generally very smart and motivated people that are tired of being held back by their anxiety, depression, and past trauma. They are looking for immediate tools that can help them feel more empowered today, while also ready to do the work of healing these issues for good!
(323) 616-2236 View (323) 616-2236
Photo of undefined - Tara Sindler, LMFT, CADC-II, SEP, LMFT, CADC-II, SEP, Marriage & Family Therapist
Tara Sindler, LMFT, CADC-II, SEP
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, CADC-II, SEP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Santa Monica, CA 90403  (Online Only)
Hello, welcome to my personal profile. I specialize in the treatment of overcontrolled and undercontrolled emotional styles. I offer a blend of Dialectical Behavior Therapy and Somatic Experiencing with spirituality interventions to help you get comfortable in your own skin. I believe that we are human animals that have lost the sense of our body's wisdom for various reasons. This work can support you in coming home to yourself, maybe for the first time. Building resilience in the body can remove pathology from experience, set the conditions for increased self-compassion and cultivate the ability to make wise choices. Email Only
Hello, welcome to my personal profile. I specialize in the treatment of overcontrolled and undercontrolled emotional styles. I offer a blend of Dialectical Behavior Therapy and Somatic Experiencing with spirituality interventions to help you get comfortable in your own skin. I believe that we are human animals that have lost the sense of our body's wisdom for various reasons. This work can support you in coming home to yourself, maybe for the first time. Building resilience in the body can remove pathology from experience, set the conditions for increased self-compassion and cultivate the ability to make wise choices. Email Only
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Photo of Lauryn J. Hunter, MA, LMFT, ATR, Marriage & Family Therapist
Lauryn J. Hunter
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, ATR
Verified Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90403
Experience a creative way to process thoughts, behaviors, and feelings? Our goal at Hunter Therapy Family Counseling is to create a safe and playful environment to heal from change, prolonged stress, grief loss, and trauma. Art therapy can be an alternative to traditional talk therapy. Therapeutic activities include art therapy, painting, sand trays, sports psychology, jewelry, slime, and gardening. Therapy in the garden can be very relaxing and each session is designed to meet individual needs.
Experience a creative way to process thoughts, behaviors, and feelings? Our goal at Hunter Therapy Family Counseling is to create a safe and playful environment to heal from change, prolonged stress, grief loss, and trauma. Art therapy can be an alternative to traditional talk therapy. Therapeutic activities include art therapy, painting, sand trays, sports psychology, jewelry, slime, and gardening. Therapy in the garden can be very relaxing and each session is designed to meet individual needs.
(424) 588-6922 View (424) 588-6922
Photo of Bridget Ann (Benninger) Kushwah, MA, LMFT, CMIP, CIMHP, Marriage & Family Therapist
Bridget Ann (Benninger) Kushwah
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, CMIP, CIMHP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Santa Monica, CA 90405  (Online Only)
Finding fulfillment and meaning in life isn’t easy. Just when we think we have it together, new circumstances pull us apart. When we experience stress, anxiety and depression, it is important to find support. Trauma, relationship conflicts, transitioning to a new phase of life such as parenthood, feeling lost or confused. All these situations deserve attention and compassion. I am here to support you in finding stability, balance, and fulfillment. I work well with individuals, couples, families, adolescents and children because I am passionate about building healthier relationships and facilitating positive development and growth.
Finding fulfillment and meaning in life isn’t easy. Just when we think we have it together, new circumstances pull us apart. When we experience stress, anxiety and depression, it is important to find support. Trauma, relationship conflicts, transitioning to a new phase of life such as parenthood, feeling lost or confused. All these situations deserve attention and compassion. I am here to support you in finding stability, balance, and fulfillment. I work well with individuals, couples, families, adolescents and children because I am passionate about building healthier relationships and facilitating positive development and growth.
(747) 247-9577 View (747) 247-9577
Photo of Crystal Nash, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Crystal Nash
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90405
My clients like me because I am a very active therapist. You will not just get a "How does that make you feel?" question. Of course I want to know how something makes you feel, but I want for you to be able to get some answers and treatment that leads to a real change in your life. My website at Crystalnash.com states "Therapy can be intense, but it doesn't have to be drudgery. There is laughter through the tears, when we recognize our human frailty. The "Ah ha! Eureka!" moments give energy and hope for the future."
My clients like me because I am a very active therapist. You will not just get a "How does that make you feel?" question. Of course I want to know how something makes you feel, but I want for you to be able to get some answers and treatment that leads to a real change in your life. My website at Crystalnash.com states "Therapy can be intense, but it doesn't have to be drudgery. There is laughter through the tears, when we recognize our human frailty. The "Ah ha! Eureka!" moments give energy and hope for the future."
(310) 660-7359 View (310) 660-7359
Photo of Lisa L Rakusin, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lisa L Rakusin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90403  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and an certified EMDR Therapist, experienced at treating trauma caused by all kinds of stressful and/or traumatic events, including grief and loss, as well as any related issues such as anxiety, depression, and substance use, that can develop as a result. I am passionate about creating a safe space and a compassionate, nonjudgmental relationship with my clients as I guide them, utilizing their strengths, to accomplish post-traumatic growth and healing. I also believe in the importance of including family members and significant others, when available, as part of the treatment.
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and an certified EMDR Therapist, experienced at treating trauma caused by all kinds of stressful and/or traumatic events, including grief and loss, as well as any related issues such as anxiety, depression, and substance use, that can develop as a result. I am passionate about creating a safe space and a compassionate, nonjudgmental relationship with my clients as I guide them, utilizing their strengths, to accomplish post-traumatic growth and healing. I also believe in the importance of including family members and significant others, when available, as part of the treatment.
(323) 844-8827 View (323) 844-8827
Photo of Yonat Swimmer, MS, MA, PhD, Marriage & Family Therapist
Yonat Swimmer
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, MA, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Santa Monica, CA 90405
I use a natural sense of curiosity to learn more about a client and to guide them through their personal journeys and desires for therapy. I aim to see a client in the full sense and hope to address some of what they might perceive as obstacles in striving to live a more fulfilling life. Please contact me at yonat@yonatswimmer.com to initiate conversation.
I use a natural sense of curiosity to learn more about a client and to guide them through their personal journeys and desires for therapy. I aim to see a client in the full sense and hope to address some of what they might perceive as obstacles in striving to live a more fulfilling life. Please contact me at yonat@yonatswimmer.com to initiate conversation.
(424) 402-5189 View (424) 402-5189
Photo of Jannell Greene Banchik, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Jannell Greene Banchik
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Santa Monica, CA 90401
Being human is exciting and beautiful... and challenging! My work is grounded in respect and empathy for how individuals, couples, and families pave a path in life. Together we make change possible by bringing your unique, personal knowledge and experience into awareness, and then moving through the stuckness of painful trauma, unkind thoughts, or feelings of powerlessness before problems. Together we will work to reconnect you to the whole experience of being human: feeling emotions, attuning to thoughts and beliefs, creating healthy relationships, and recognizing your whole life story in its complexity of joy, sorrow, and growth.
Being human is exciting and beautiful... and challenging! My work is grounded in respect and empathy for how individuals, couples, and families pave a path in life. Together we make change possible by bringing your unique, personal knowledge and experience into awareness, and then moving through the stuckness of painful trauma, unkind thoughts, or feelings of powerlessness before problems. Together we will work to reconnect you to the whole experience of being human: feeling emotions, attuning to thoughts and beliefs, creating healthy relationships, and recognizing your whole life story in its complexity of joy, sorrow, and growth.
(424) 610-8971 View (424) 610-8971
Photo of Elizabeth Hawkins, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Elizabeth Hawkins
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90401  (Online Only)
When the topic of sexual intimacy comes up, you freeze. It’s confusing for you because although it’s something you want, you find yourself avoiding it as much as possible. Knowing that other people have satisfying sex lives makes you feel left behind or like something’s wrong with you. It’s hurting your confidence; preventing you from moving forward or connecting deeply with people. You feel like you’re betraying yourself. You want so badly to experience the kind of intimacy others experience. You’ve tried self-help books and talk therapy, but it didn’t make a difference. You wonder, “Is it related to my past? How could that be?”
When the topic of sexual intimacy comes up, you freeze. It’s confusing for you because although it’s something you want, you find yourself avoiding it as much as possible. Knowing that other people have satisfying sex lives makes you feel left behind or like something’s wrong with you. It’s hurting your confidence; preventing you from moving forward or connecting deeply with people. You feel like you’re betraying yourself. You want so badly to experience the kind of intimacy others experience. You’ve tried self-help books and talk therapy, but it didn’t make a difference. You wonder, “Is it related to my past? How could that be?”
(424) 622-6962 View (424) 622-6962
Photo of Charles Scott Dewell, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Charles Scott Dewell
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Santa Monica, CA 90403
Charles Dewell, M.A., LMFT I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist who works with adult individuals and couples, helping them navigate their relationship, career and personal issues. My mission is to provide a safe refuge where my clients feel understood and encouraged to persevere through the ebb and flow of life's challenges.
Charles Dewell, M.A., LMFT I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist who works with adult individuals and couples, helping them navigate their relationship, career and personal issues. My mission is to provide a safe refuge where my clients feel understood and encouraged to persevere through the ebb and flow of life's challenges.
(310) 773-3504 View (310) 773-3504
Photo of undefined - EMDR Trauma Therapy, MA, LMHC, LPCC, Counselor
EMDR Trauma Therapy
Counselor, MA, LMHC, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Santa Monica, CA 90405  (Online Only)
Hello! We are so grateful that you've embarked on this journey of self-discovery, growth, & healing. We are a group practice based out of California led by Founder/Director, Patricia Alvarado. Collectively, we have over a decade of experience in the helping profession, assisting children, teens, and adults. Our approach involves viewing situations through a multicultural lens, enabling us to comprehend your unique needs through active listening, empathy, and a non-judgmental perspective. We specialize in EMDR, CBT, Solution-Focused Treatment, & Mindfulness.
Hello! We are so grateful that you've embarked on this journey of self-discovery, growth, & healing. We are a group practice based out of California led by Founder/Director, Patricia Alvarado. Collectively, we have over a decade of experience in the helping profession, assisting children, teens, and adults. Our approach involves viewing situations through a multicultural lens, enabling us to comprehend your unique needs through active listening, empathy, and a non-judgmental perspective. We specialize in EMDR, CBT, Solution-Focused Treatment, & Mindfulness.
(310) 570-2494 View (310) 570-2494

See more therapy options for Santa Monica

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Santa Monica, CA

1,000+

Average cost per session

$200

Therapists in Santa Monica, CA who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
89% Depression
85% Relationship Issues
76% Self Esteem
72% Trauma and PTSD
66% Stress
65% Grief

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

58% Aetna
49% Cigna and Evernorth
42% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Santa Monica, CA see their clients

66% In Person and Online
34% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
19% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Santa Monica?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.