Photo of Ashley Bila Bar-Zion, Associate Clinical Social Worker in 95503, CA
Ashley Bila Bar-Zion
Associate Clinical Social Worker, ASW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Eureka, CA 95503
My name is Ashley Bila Bar-Zion, but my preferred name is Bila (ASW 118055) I received my Bachelor’s and Master’s degree Social Work with a focus in Integrated Health and Political Science. I have worked in a variety of settings with children within the foster care system, homelessness engagement services, at a social justice organization, and provided therapy and case management in Southern California.
My name is Ashley Bila Bar-Zion, but my preferred name is Bila (ASW 118055) I received my Bachelor’s and Master’s degree Social Work with a focus in Integrated Health and Political Science. I have worked in a variety of settings with children within the foster care system, homelessness engagement services, at a social justice organization, and provided therapy and case management in Southern California.
(707) 229-0409 View (707) 229-0409
Photo of Brooke Wahlund, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95503, CA
Brooke Wahlund
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Eureka, CA 95503  (Online Only)
My goal is to provide my clients with a safe, non-judgemental space to process their emotions, increase self-awareness, and build upon their strengths, allowing them to become the very best versions of themselves. I have experience in helping clients with stress and anxiety, coping with grief and loss, building motivation and self esteem & coping with life changes. I believe that you are the expert of your story and that you have many strengths that will assist you in overcoming the things that challenge you. I look forward to supporting you on this journey.
My goal is to provide my clients with a safe, non-judgemental space to process their emotions, increase self-awareness, and build upon their strengths, allowing them to become the very best versions of themselves. I have experience in helping clients with stress and anxiety, coping with grief and loss, building motivation and self esteem & coping with life changes. I believe that you are the expert of your story and that you have many strengths that will assist you in overcoming the things that challenge you. I look forward to supporting you on this journey.
(707) 632-2766 View (707) 632-2766
Photo of Jon Michael Sapunar, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 95503, CA
Jon Michael Sapunar
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Eureka, CA 95503  (Online Only)
Welcome. I'd like to let you know how I see therapy. For me it is important to provide a trusting, compassionate and understanding atmosphere so people can feel safe to explore, discover and develop basic qualities and skills necessary to grow and heal. I am a mindfulness, body-based psychotherapist who teaches the profound healing power of heartfelt awareness and how it can help people free themselves from negative and painful thoughts, beliefs and emotions. What I see happening with people who come to me is a belief that if they can control and avoid their pain and suffering it will go away.
Welcome. I'd like to let you know how I see therapy. For me it is important to provide a trusting, compassionate and understanding atmosphere so people can feel safe to explore, discover and develop basic qualities and skills necessary to grow and heal. I am a mindfulness, body-based psychotherapist who teaches the profound healing power of heartfelt awareness and how it can help people free themselves from negative and painful thoughts, beliefs and emotions. What I see happening with people who come to me is a belief that if they can control and avoid their pain and suffering it will go away.
(707) 682-5168 View (707) 682-5168
Photo of Faith Mason, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95503, CA
Faith Mason
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Eureka, CA 95503  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Among the issues that I work with in therapy are life transitions, depression, anxiety, midlife issues, self-esteem, creativity, aging, stress, grief, relationship issues including LGBT, women's issues, the fear of flying, and the emotional issues that come with Celiac disease. I work with individuals to find new and more positive approaches to the challenges of life. I offer both short-term issue-focused therapy and long-term more depth-oriented work in which you can make better choices rooted in your core values.
Among the issues that I work with in therapy are life transitions, depression, anxiety, midlife issues, self-esteem, creativity, aging, stress, grief, relationship issues including LGBT, women's issues, the fear of flying, and the emotional issues that come with Celiac disease. I work with individuals to find new and more positive approaches to the challenges of life. I offer both short-term issue-focused therapy and long-term more depth-oriented work in which you can make better choices rooted in your core values.
(707) 800-3418 View (707) 800-3418
Photo of Roberta J Nolan, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95503, CA
Roberta J Nolan
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, PhD, MA
Verified Verified
Eureka, CA 95503
Waitlist for new clients
I believe it’s a privilege working in the field of psychology and with humans of all ages from infancy to geriatrics. Some of my psychological expertise include human development, traumas, mood disorders, forensics as well as various ranges of other mental, emotional, and behavioral issues. I believe that humans are experts in their lived experiences. It is my privilege to learn from humans and imagine/interpret their situations, challenges, or concerns and offer psychoeducation in support of reducing disruptive/negative lifor issues and lessons
I believe it’s a privilege working in the field of psychology and with humans of all ages from infancy to geriatrics. Some of my psychological expertise include human development, traumas, mood disorders, forensics as well as various ranges of other mental, emotional, and behavioral issues. I believe that humans are experts in their lived experiences. It is my privilege to learn from humans and imagine/interpret their situations, challenges, or concerns and offer psychoeducation in support of reducing disruptive/negative lifor issues and lessons
(530) 773-5226 View (530) 773-5226
Photo of Theodora Triplis, Associate Clinical Social Worker in 95503, CA
Theodora Triplis
Associate Clinical Social Worker, MA, MSW, ASW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Eureka, CA 95503  (Online Only)
Have doctors dismissed your perimenopause symptoms and you’re feeling angry and frustrated? Are you feeling unsure about who you are and where you’re headed in life? Do you often feel misjudged or unseen? Are you living a single or child-free life and loving it? Do you feel like you constantly have to defend your life choices to others, including your family? I'm passionate about helping all women thrive and I have personally experienced many of these emotions myself, therefore I'm here to provide you with compassionate support and guidance through these common issues.
Have doctors dismissed your perimenopause symptoms and you’re feeling angry and frustrated? Are you feeling unsure about who you are and where you’re headed in life? Do you often feel misjudged or unseen? Are you living a single or child-free life and loving it? Do you feel like you constantly have to defend your life choices to others, including your family? I'm passionate about helping all women thrive and I have personally experienced many of these emotions myself, therefore I'm here to provide you with compassionate support and guidance through these common issues.
(707) 702-0608 View (707) 702-0608
Photo of Shane Calhoun, Psychologist in 95503, CA
Shane Calhoun
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Eureka, CA 95503
I have been a good fit for individuals looking for a supportive space to address anxiety and depression, needing movement in developing new coping strategies, seeking a deeper level of wellness and balance, or identity development. I have often found that I work well with those who have found therapy unhelpful in the past and are looking to give it another try. I also recognize that counseling is a different experience for those who identify as ADHD or ASD. The neuro-diverse culture is an area that I have experience in and that I find meaningful to work with.
I have been a good fit for individuals looking for a supportive space to address anxiety and depression, needing movement in developing new coping strategies, seeking a deeper level of wellness and balance, or identity development. I have often found that I work well with those who have found therapy unhelpful in the past and are looking to give it another try. I also recognize that counseling is a different experience for those who identify as ADHD or ASD. The neuro-diverse culture is an area that I have experience in and that I find meaningful to work with.
(707) 216-0953 View (707) 216-0953
Photo of Loren Farber, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95503, CA
Loren Farber
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified Verified
Eureka, CA 95503
I provide a supportive therapeutic relationship and skillful psychotherapy. I can help with a range of concerns that people bring to therapy. These include improving relationships, working through difficult feelings, managing anxiety, changing troubling behaviors, strengthening a sense of identity and purpose, or improving ones ability to cope with difficult circumstances. I work with teen and adult clients; individuals, couples, and families. Along with talk therapy, when appropriate I enjoy incorporating non-verbal forms of expression such as drawing and sand tray work.
I provide a supportive therapeutic relationship and skillful psychotherapy. I can help with a range of concerns that people bring to therapy. These include improving relationships, working through difficult feelings, managing anxiety, changing troubling behaviors, strengthening a sense of identity and purpose, or improving ones ability to cope with difficult circumstances. I work with teen and adult clients; individuals, couples, and families. Along with talk therapy, when appropriate I enjoy incorporating non-verbal forms of expression such as drawing and sand tray work.
(707) 998-5115 View (707) 998-5115
Photo of Kim-Lien Chavez, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95503, CA
Kim-Lien Chavez
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Eureka, CA 95503  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
With over 18 years of experience as a therapist, I am committed to delivering therapy to California residents with unwavering passion. My approach embraces the diverse range of client experiences, drawing from my own multicultural background. Having personally navigated the intricacies of immigration, assimilation, and otherness, I possess a unique insight that profoundly resonates with individuals who share similar histories. Throughout my journey, I have refined my skills and wisdom, empowering individuals to overcome obstacles and tap into their innate capacity for growth and healing.
With over 18 years of experience as a therapist, I am committed to delivering therapy to California residents with unwavering passion. My approach embraces the diverse range of client experiences, drawing from my own multicultural background. Having personally navigated the intricacies of immigration, assimilation, and otherness, I possess a unique insight that profoundly resonates with individuals who share similar histories. Throughout my journey, I have refined my skills and wisdom, empowering individuals to overcome obstacles and tap into their innate capacity for growth and healing.
(707) 310-8266 View (707) 310-8266
Photo of Jelissa 'jojo' Rempojo, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 95503, CA
Jelissa 'jojo' Rempojo
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
Eureka, CA 95503
Opening up about trauma and hardships of life is difficult and at times frightening, yet you’re willing to be vulnerable because you WANT to make a change. I am motivated by Social Justice and ensure that the person sitting in front of me is being provided their space to be who they are. Each person is unique, with their own identity while navigating through the society they are part of. Humans are social beings and navigating through our interpersonal and cultural relationships are crucial to our mental health. We'll vibe together, laugh together, and work together to ensure you are being supported while meeting your goals.
Opening up about trauma and hardships of life is difficult and at times frightening, yet you’re willing to be vulnerable because you WANT to make a change. I am motivated by Social Justice and ensure that the person sitting in front of me is being provided their space to be who they are. Each person is unique, with their own identity while navigating through the society they are part of. Humans are social beings and navigating through our interpersonal and cultural relationships are crucial to our mental health. We'll vibe together, laugh together, and work together to ensure you are being supported while meeting your goals.
(707) 622-3818 View (707) 622-3818
Photo of Victoria Shuts, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95503, CA
Victoria Shuts
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Eureka, CA 95503
I offer you a safe, nurturing space that is supportive of positive change so you can live life more fully, and have a deeper relationship with yourself and those you love. I will collaborate with you to find a meaningful path to relief and healing. Since 2008, I have worked with children, teens, adults and families with relational issues, learning and mood disorders, ADHD, substance abuse, PTSD, depression and anxiety. Please call me for a confidential telephone meeting to see if we are a good fit to collaborate on your path to healing.
I offer you a safe, nurturing space that is supportive of positive change so you can live life more fully, and have a deeper relationship with yourself and those you love. I will collaborate with you to find a meaningful path to relief and healing. Since 2008, I have worked with children, teens, adults and families with relational issues, learning and mood disorders, ADHD, substance abuse, PTSD, depression and anxiety. Please call me for a confidential telephone meeting to see if we are a good fit to collaborate on your path to healing.
(707) 267-2955 View (707) 267-2955
Photo of Dylan Cimbura-Hernandez, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95503, CA
Dylan Cimbura-Hernandez
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Eureka, CA 95503
I enjoy working with individuals who are seeking a deeper awareness of their past, in order to understand themselves in the present and thrive in the future. I strive to create trusting relationships with my clients that allow us to work together collaboratively. I typically help clients with relational issues, depression, anxiety, life transitions and trauma. I utilize a LGBTQIA+ affirmative lens and fuse together a psychodynamic approach and when appropriate Attachment Focused EMDR to target traumas. I also enjoy working with couples who are looking to tune up their communication skills and make time to reconnect.
I enjoy working with individuals who are seeking a deeper awareness of their past, in order to understand themselves in the present and thrive in the future. I strive to create trusting relationships with my clients that allow us to work together collaboratively. I typically help clients with relational issues, depression, anxiety, life transitions and trauma. I utilize a LGBTQIA+ affirmative lens and fuse together a psychodynamic approach and when appropriate Attachment Focused EMDR to target traumas. I also enjoy working with couples who are looking to tune up their communication skills and make time to reconnect.
(424) 581-0411 View (424) 581-0411
Photo of Stacey Wilwerding, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95503, CA
Stacey Wilwerding
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Eureka, CA 95503  (Online Only)
Hello, I love working with couples, adults, and young adults. I am here to help a wide range of individuals who may simply need someone to talk to without judgment, processing trauma, to learning new coping skills for anxiety and depression. I believe that people are multifaceted, complex, and simply trying to do the best they can with what they have.
Hello, I love working with couples, adults, and young adults. I am here to help a wide range of individuals who may simply need someone to talk to without judgment, processing trauma, to learning new coping skills for anxiety and depression. I believe that people are multifaceted, complex, and simply trying to do the best they can with what they have.
(707) 329-4271 View (707) 329-4271
Photo of Lauren Matern, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 95503, CA
Lauren Matern
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Eureka, CA 95503  (Online Only)
Seeking Feminist, body-neutral, LGBTQIA+ celebrating depth therapy? You’ve come to a point where you know old narratives aren’t serving you, they're playing out in your relationships, career, family, internal narrative & you want to create more joy, freedom & ease in your day to day. Culture, race, ethnicity, gender, sex, & sexuality all impact the stories we are told about who we can be, should be & are. These narratives affect how we think about ourselves & require time, attention & care to unpack, process & heal. The feminist LGBTQIA+ affirming & celebrating lens can foster healing, empowerment, & liberation for all identities!
Seeking Feminist, body-neutral, LGBTQIA+ celebrating depth therapy? You’ve come to a point where you know old narratives aren’t serving you, they're playing out in your relationships, career, family, internal narrative & you want to create more joy, freedom & ease in your day to day. Culture, race, ethnicity, gender, sex, & sexuality all impact the stories we are told about who we can be, should be & are. These narratives affect how we think about ourselves & require time, attention & care to unpack, process & heal. The feminist LGBTQIA+ affirming & celebrating lens can foster healing, empowerment, & liberation for all identities!
(310) 455-8053 View (310) 455-8053
Photo of Kimberly J Herkert, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95503, CA
Kimberly J Herkert
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Eureka, CA 95503
The pandemic was hard on all of us. If you feel like you need some support or help to desal the last couple of years, I'm here. We all need help occasionally. Learning how to approach and overcome these challenges shape us and allow us to experience life to the fullest. Therapy allows us to look at where we may be blocked and helps us find our own answers to living an authentic life. I discovered that building a supportive relationship through therapy creates a safe place to explore life issues, understand difficult situations, learn new skills, enrich relationships, and work through situations that lead to a more authentic life.
The pandemic was hard on all of us. If you feel like you need some support or help to desal the last couple of years, I'm here. We all need help occasionally. Learning how to approach and overcome these challenges shape us and allow us to experience life to the fullest. Therapy allows us to look at where we may be blocked and helps us find our own answers to living an authentic life. I discovered that building a supportive relationship through therapy creates a safe place to explore life issues, understand difficult situations, learn new skills, enrich relationships, and work through situations that lead to a more authentic life.
(530) 287-4414 View (530) 287-4414
Photo of Cassandra E. Rustvold, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 95503, CA
Cassandra E. Rustvold
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MEd, SEP, CST
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Eureka, CA 95503  (Online Only)
I believe all humans are built with an innate ability and impulse to move towards health and personal growth. Therefore, I view my role as a therapist to serve as an assistant to these natural inclinations, and empower clients in removing barriers to a full-filling and value congruent life. Clients seeking to work with me have an internal desire for change and are willing to step into vulnerability and accountability within the safe and supported space of a therapeutic relationship.
I believe all humans are built with an innate ability and impulse to move towards health and personal growth. Therefore, I view my role as a therapist to serve as an assistant to these natural inclinations, and empower clients in removing barriers to a full-filling and value congruent life. Clients seeking to work with me have an internal desire for change and are willing to step into vulnerability and accountability within the safe and supported space of a therapeutic relationship.
View
Photo of Laurie A Monroe, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 95503, CA
Laurie A Monroe
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Eureka, CA 95503
Assisting individuals, couples, and families to increase awareness of their own power to heal, sustain, and grow in response to life challenges.
Assisting individuals, couples, and families to increase awareness of their own power to heal, sustain, and grow in response to life challenges.
(707) 832-8515 View (707) 832-8515
Photo of Lori Richeson, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95503, CA
Lori Richeson
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified Verified
Eureka, CA 95503
I have been working with people for 40 years and look forward to helping clients create healthy relationships with me, themselves and with those in their lives. I enjoy working with individuals from all racial and cultural backgrounds who are motivated to make changes in their lives; to reduce painful reactions; and increase their understanding of what makes them feel happy, strong and self assured. I encourage clients to do homework assignments in between therapy sessions, in an effort to help clients take ownership of their process, and learn coping skills that will last beyond treatment.
I have been working with people for 40 years and look forward to helping clients create healthy relationships with me, themselves and with those in their lives. I enjoy working with individuals from all racial and cultural backgrounds who are motivated to make changes in their lives; to reduce painful reactions; and increase their understanding of what makes them feel happy, strong and self assured. I encourage clients to do homework assignments in between therapy sessions, in an effort to help clients take ownership of their process, and learn coping skills that will last beyond treatment.
(707) 657-4368 View (707) 657-4368
Photo of David Johnston, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95503, CA
David Johnston
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA
Verified Verified
Eureka, CA 95503
It takes courage to ask for help. I honor you in your pursuit of healing and wholeness. Experience and data show that a strong therapeutic relationship is the key to success in therapy. I endeavor to provide a safe container into which each individual human being who comes for therapy is welcomed. Being met with empathy, respect, acceptance, kindness, understanding, genuineness and non-judgement opens a space where each person can explore their issues without feeling the need to censor or conform. Having another person inalienably aligned with your own deepest Self empowers your unique route to healing and so transformation.
It takes courage to ask for help. I honor you in your pursuit of healing and wholeness. Experience and data show that a strong therapeutic relationship is the key to success in therapy. I endeavor to provide a safe container into which each individual human being who comes for therapy is welcomed. Being met with empathy, respect, acceptance, kindness, understanding, genuineness and non-judgement opens a space where each person can explore their issues without feeling the need to censor or conform. Having another person inalienably aligned with your own deepest Self empowers your unique route to healing and so transformation.
(707) 847-5363 View (707) 847-5363
Photo of Pamela Leach, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95503, CA
Pamela Leach
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Eureka, CA 95503
(Offering HIPPA compliant video sessions and phone calls at this time.) Looking to resolve difficult issues regarding yourself and or loved ones? My approach is to provide the best treatment and help based on the needs and goals of the individual, couple or family. By working together we facilitate harmony and resolve.
(Offering HIPPA compliant video sessions and phone calls at this time.) Looking to resolve difficult issues regarding yourself and or loved ones? My approach is to provide the best treatment and help based on the needs and goals of the individual, couple or family. By working together we facilitate harmony and resolve.
(707) 633-3210 View (707) 633-3210

See more therapy options for 95503

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 95503

30+

Average cost per session

$130

Therapists in 95503 who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
90% Depression
81% Relationship Issues
81% Trauma and PTSD
81% Self Esteem
74% Grief
71% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

70% Beacon Health Options | Carelon
52% Aetna
48% Other

How Therapists in 95503 see their clients

68% In Person and Online
32% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
16% Male
3% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 95503?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.