Therapists in 12498

Photo of Trisha Billard, Psychologist in 12498, NY
Trisha Billard
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Woodstock, NY 12498
My approach is grounded in a deep appreciation and respect for each person's life journey and unique path toward healing, growth and wholeness. I take great care in fostering a safe, nonjudgmental, collaborative environment, with space to breathe and explore. When discomforting symptoms and difficult feelings arise, it is natural that we all want them to go away. But when we take a moment to slow down, to be peaceful and really listen, they are like honest friends helping us unfold what is wanting loving attention to grow. By listening closely together, we can get to the heart of your private struggles and engage your strengths.
My approach is grounded in a deep appreciation and respect for each person's life journey and unique path toward healing, growth and wholeness. I take great care in fostering a safe, nonjudgmental, collaborative environment, with space to breathe and explore. When discomforting symptoms and difficult feelings arise, it is natural that we all want them to go away. But when we take a moment to slow down, to be peaceful and really listen, they are like honest friends helping us unfold what is wanting loving attention to grow. By listening closely together, we can get to the heart of your private struggles and engage your strengths.
(516) 588-7559 View (516) 588-7559
Photo of Judith Carolyn Kuppersmith, Licensed Psychoanalyst in 12498, NY
Judith Carolyn Kuppersmith
Licensed Psychoanalyst, PhD
Verified
Woodstock, NY 12498  (Online Only)
My practice offers a safe and relaxing space to begin the psychotherapeutic journey. As a college professor and clinician for many years I offer a wide range of therapeutic approaches that go beyond talk therapy: such as mindfulness practice, mind/body awareness skills, and other psycho-educational practices. I think that good clinical treatment resides in the therapeutic relationship informed by the latest research on the brain and the gut and an overall multi-modal approach to the person(s) sitting across from me.
My practice offers a safe and relaxing space to begin the psychotherapeutic journey. As a college professor and clinician for many years I offer a wide range of therapeutic approaches that go beyond talk therapy: such as mindfulness practice, mind/body awareness skills, and other psycho-educational practices. I think that good clinical treatment resides in the therapeutic relationship informed by the latest research on the brain and the gut and an overall multi-modal approach to the person(s) sitting across from me.
(646) 832-4602 View (646) 832-4602
Photo of Jayne Gumpel, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 12498, NY
Jayne Gumpel
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Woodstock, NY 12498
I work well with couples and individuals. My personal experience with meditation and mindfulness and extensive training in various modalities is front and center for guiding clients towards a balanced, self regulated and awesome life. I am a trained IMAGO therapist (Harville Hendrix's work). Clients/couples who suffer from anxiety, despair and depression will find my practice not only helpful but enlivening. I consider healing through the lens of a wellness model and not a pathological one. Sometimes it's the greatest struggle that brings about the greatest positive change.
I work well with couples and individuals. My personal experience with meditation and mindfulness and extensive training in various modalities is front and center for guiding clients towards a balanced, self regulated and awesome life. I am a trained IMAGO therapist (Harville Hendrix's work). Clients/couples who suffer from anxiety, despair and depression will find my practice not only helpful but enlivening. I consider healing through the lens of a wellness model and not a pathological one. Sometimes it's the greatest struggle that brings about the greatest positive change.
(845) 640-5234 View (845) 640-5234
Photo of Aileen Walsh, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 12498, NY
Aileen Walsh
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, Aileen Walsh
Verified
Woodstock, NY 12498
At different points along this life journey; we may feel the need to focus more closely on a certain goal that has been eluding us, take stock of where we are and where we are going, get some perspective and assistance overcoming a longtime or current challenge or stumbling block. We may desire to look at and improve our relationship to ourselves and others. I provide a safe, confidential and accepting place for you to explore your true self and your gifts. I believe we all desire joy, love and creative fulfillment.
At different points along this life journey; we may feel the need to focus more closely on a certain goal that has been eluding us, take stock of where we are and where we are going, get some perspective and assistance overcoming a longtime or current challenge or stumbling block. We may desire to look at and improve our relationship to ourselves and others. I provide a safe, confidential and accepting place for you to explore your true self and your gifts. I believe we all desire joy, love and creative fulfillment.
(845) 412-8077 View (845) 412-8077
Photo of Diane L Esper, Licensed Psychoanalyst in 12498, NY
Diane L Esper
Licensed Psychoanalyst, LP, Gestalt
Verified
1 Endorsed
Woodstock, NY 12498
As your therapist, my first concern is to create a safe and supportive place where you can explore what brings you to therapy. Whether you feel stuck in an unfulfilling relationship or are searching for more meaning in your day to day life, my approach will bring movement and change. I believe the therapeutic relationship is the key to successful therapy and we will practice authentic, present-centered dialogue including emotions held in the body. As we explore what is happening in the moment we often create new experiences that can replace old, obsolete or no longer use full patterns of belief.
As your therapist, my first concern is to create a safe and supportive place where you can explore what brings you to therapy. Whether you feel stuck in an unfulfilling relationship or are searching for more meaning in your day to day life, my approach will bring movement and change. I believe the therapeutic relationship is the key to successful therapy and we will practice authentic, present-centered dialogue including emotions held in the body. As we explore what is happening in the moment we often create new experiences that can replace old, obsolete or no longer use full patterns of belief.
(917) 746-7618 View (917) 746-7618
Photo of Evie Preston Lcsw, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 12498, NY
Evie Preston Lcsw
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
2 Endorsed
Woodstock, NY 12498
Not accepting new clients
I have had a full time private practice for 37 years first in NYC and then in Woodstock, N.Y. and work in an eclectic, multi-dimensional, creative way that is grounded in experience, practice, theory and open-mindedness. My training is based in interpersonal and self-psychology, psychoanalytic psychotherapy as well as mindfulness-based psychology. My knowledge of meditation, yoga and dance enables me to understand the complex nature of the mind/body connection as it relates to overall healing.
I have had a full time private practice for 37 years first in NYC and then in Woodstock, N.Y. and work in an eclectic, multi-dimensional, creative way that is grounded in experience, practice, theory and open-mindedness. My training is based in interpersonal and self-psychology, psychoanalytic psychotherapy as well as mindfulness-based psychology. My knowledge of meditation, yoga and dance enables me to understand the complex nature of the mind/body connection as it relates to overall healing.
(914) 495-8043 View (914) 495-8043
Photo of Caroline B Seligman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 12498, NY
Caroline B Seligman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, LMSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Woodstock, NY 12498  (Online Only)
I am currently taking Misophonia clients only. Even though there is no known cure for Misophonia, there can still be great relief. I work with clients to identify the areas of life most impacted by Misophonia and we work to implement interventions that relieve suffering. These interventions can involve audiological tools, exposure and response prevention, nervous system therapies, interpersonal communication skills, as well as more novel treatments like the Safe and Sound Protocol (SSP).
I am currently taking Misophonia clients only. Even though there is no known cure for Misophonia, there can still be great relief. I work with clients to identify the areas of life most impacted by Misophonia and we work to implement interventions that relieve suffering. These interventions can involve audiological tools, exposure and response prevention, nervous system therapies, interpersonal communication skills, as well as more novel treatments like the Safe and Sound Protocol (SSP).
(914) 768-1481 View (914) 768-1481
Photo of Jeffrey Roberts, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 12498, NY
Jeffrey Roberts
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
2 Endorsed
Woodstock, NY 12498
Are you longing to change your unhealthy patterns and to feel deeper resilience and vitality in your life? I offer traditional talk therapy, mixed with somatic awareness, mindfulness, and trauma techniques to help clients to move toward more authenticity and empowerment in their lives. I offer individual therapy to adults and young adults who want support for their anxiety, depression, trauma, addiction, loss, and life transitions. I specialize in: psychodynamic psychotherapy; healing from trauma; relationship stressors; end-of-life; and grief and loss. Whatever arises along the path of therapy becomes part of the process.
Are you longing to change your unhealthy patterns and to feel deeper resilience and vitality in your life? I offer traditional talk therapy, mixed with somatic awareness, mindfulness, and trauma techniques to help clients to move toward more authenticity and empowerment in their lives. I offer individual therapy to adults and young adults who want support for their anxiety, depression, trauma, addiction, loss, and life transitions. I specialize in: psychodynamic psychotherapy; healing from trauma; relationship stressors; end-of-life; and grief and loss. Whatever arises along the path of therapy becomes part of the process.
(845) 237-3825 View (845) 237-3825
Photo of Amanda Lehrer, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 12498, NY
Amanda Lehrer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, KAP
Verified
Woodstock, NY 12498
With a clinical experience spanning over two decades, well beyond 25 years, I bring an extensive wealth of knowledge and profound insights to the field of behavioral health. My expertise goes beyond a mere understanding of therapeutic resources; it encompasses unwavering compassion for individuals grappling with intricate behavioral health challenges. My commitment is not just to listen, but to wholeheartedly engage with your unique experiences, fostering a deep therapeutic connection. In the intricate landscape of clinical practice, life often resembles a voyage into uncharted territories.
With a clinical experience spanning over two decades, well beyond 25 years, I bring an extensive wealth of knowledge and profound insights to the field of behavioral health. My expertise goes beyond a mere understanding of therapeutic resources; it encompasses unwavering compassion for individuals grappling with intricate behavioral health challenges. My commitment is not just to listen, but to wholeheartedly engage with your unique experiences, fostering a deep therapeutic connection. In the intricate landscape of clinical practice, life often resembles a voyage into uncharted territories.
(845) 393-6945 View (845) 393-6945
Photo of Daniel Schidlowsky, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 12498, NY
Daniel Schidlowsky
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
4 Endorsed
Woodstock, NY 12498  (Online Only)
I believe that healing begins with a feeling of safety and comfort. In working with me, you will find a space that is open and welcoming. I seek to provide a space for you to feel relief from the feelings of anxiety and restlessness, a space to feel grounded and connected. I am eclectic in how I practice, believing that elements of different treatment styles are appropriate at different times in one's treatment.
I believe that healing begins with a feeling of safety and comfort. In working with me, you will find a space that is open and welcoming. I seek to provide a space for you to feel relief from the feelings of anxiety and restlessness, a space to feel grounded and connected. I am eclectic in how I practice, believing that elements of different treatment styles are appropriate at different times in one's treatment.
(917) 382-8710 View (917) 382-8710
Photo of Julianne Spearman, Counselor in 12498, NY
Julianne Spearman
Counselor, MS, LMHC, CASAC, NCC
Verified
Woodstock, NY 12498  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I am an advocate for women. I strive to support all types of women through transitional life issues, anxiety, depression, trauma, pregnancy, postpartum, breastfeeding, pregnancy loss, body image and addiction.
I am an advocate for women. I strive to support all types of women through transitional life issues, anxiety, depression, trauma, pregnancy, postpartum, breastfeeding, pregnancy loss, body image and addiction.
(845) 415-6172 View (845) 415-6172
Photo of Paula Jean Adams, Marriage & Family Therapist in 12498, NY
Paula Jean Adams
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA, EMDR, CRM
Verified
Woodstock, NY 12498  (Online Only)
Welcome. Sometimes you need to Talk it out and sometimes you might need to Clear things out; they are different processes. There is HOPE. At times in our lives when we feel stuck from small 'traumas' and big traumas and unhappy with where we are, it is invaluable to have someone to assist you, to listen to you, to remind you who you really are and that you are not alone. Remember: Every problem or situation houses the solution. We can find that solution together. ALL ARE WELCOME ~ LOVE IS LOVE
Welcome. Sometimes you need to Talk it out and sometimes you might need to Clear things out; they are different processes. There is HOPE. At times in our lives when we feel stuck from small 'traumas' and big traumas and unhappy with where we are, it is invaluable to have someone to assist you, to listen to you, to remind you who you really are and that you are not alone. Remember: Every problem or situation houses the solution. We can find that solution together. ALL ARE WELCOME ~ LOVE IS LOVE
(518) 241-1087 View (518) 241-1087
Photo of Lucas Monroe, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 12498, NY
Lucas Monroe
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified
2 Endorsed
Woodstock, NY 12498
I am accepting clients for weekend retreats and in person clients between the hours of 1pm-3pm Monday -Thursday. I have several years of experience working with adolescents and adults in a variety of settings. My specialty is providing treatment of anger problems, PTSD, mood disorders and anxiety disorders. My approach is client centered. I draw from several different theoretical models, but my focus is on developing a therapeutic relationship that connects clients to their inner strength and hones their ability to adapt.
I am accepting clients for weekend retreats and in person clients between the hours of 1pm-3pm Monday -Thursday. I have several years of experience working with adolescents and adults in a variety of settings. My specialty is providing treatment of anger problems, PTSD, mood disorders and anxiety disorders. My approach is client centered. I draw from several different theoretical models, but my focus is on developing a therapeutic relationship that connects clients to their inner strength and hones their ability to adapt.
(518) 348-8233 View (518) 348-8233
Photo of Eric G Schneider, Counselor in 12498, NY
Eric G Schneider
Counselor, MEd, D Min
Verified
Woodstock, NY 12498  (Online Only)
Relationships are often difficult, challenging and sometimes a source of great frustration. But there is really good news. At the end of the day, there is really only one significant problem in most relationships and there is actually a way of changing that. If you would like to access my free webinar on this problem and a simple practice that is easy to implement, just click on the link below!
Relationships are often difficult, challenging and sometimes a source of great frustration. But there is really good news. At the end of the day, there is really only one significant problem in most relationships and there is actually a way of changing that. If you would like to access my free webinar on this problem and a simple practice that is easy to implement, just click on the link below!
View
Photo of Elizabeth Rogers, Counselor in 12498, NY
Elizabeth Rogers
Counselor, MS, LMHC, MFA
Verified
Woodstock, NY 12498
Therapy is an opportunity to explore concerns and obstacles in life with the goal of healing, positive change and self development/actualization. I incorporate a Person Centered approach with mindfulness, expressive art therapies and connection to nature. I work with individuals at all stages of life beginning at 3 years. Therapy with children takes place within the realm of play, where as therapy with teens and adults relies on verbal conversation usually with a look into one’s family of origin, even generations back as it is natural to internalize beliefs and behaviors that were modeled but may not have served us well.
Therapy is an opportunity to explore concerns and obstacles in life with the goal of healing, positive change and self development/actualization. I incorporate a Person Centered approach with mindfulness, expressive art therapies and connection to nature. I work with individuals at all stages of life beginning at 3 years. Therapy with children takes place within the realm of play, where as therapy with teens and adults relies on verbal conversation usually with a look into one’s family of origin, even generations back as it is natural to internalize beliefs and behaviors that were modeled but may not have served us well.
(518) 263-0864 View (518) 263-0864
Photo of The Subtle Side of Life in 12498, NY
The Subtle Side of Life
MS , RYT
Woodstock, NY 12498  (Online Only)
Hi I’m Amber. My goal is to help you get as many aspects of your life as possible into good standing. We’ll figure out your stuck points & hurts, where they are coloring your world, & how we can change your internal narrative. I like to incorporate yogic embodiment practices, to provide a deep, transformational healing experience; breath work, visualization, mindfulness, meditation, body movement, mantras, & affirmations. By holding space for your emotions, & allowing them to be experienced in an embodied way, the ‘energy in motion’, is released, allowing for flow, ease & an awareness of new thoughts, feelings & pathways forward.
Hi I’m Amber. My goal is to help you get as many aspects of your life as possible into good standing. We’ll figure out your stuck points & hurts, where they are coloring your world, & how we can change your internal narrative. I like to incorporate yogic embodiment practices, to provide a deep, transformational healing experience; breath work, visualization, mindfulness, meditation, body movement, mantras, & affirmations. By holding space for your emotions, & allowing them to be experienced in an embodied way, the ‘energy in motion’, is released, allowing for flow, ease & an awareness of new thoughts, feelings & pathways forward.
(402) 724-5847 View (402) 724-5847
Photo of Dee Goldpaugh, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 12498, NY
Dee Dee Goldpaugh
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Woodstock, NY 12498
My passion is supporting clients on their path to personal, spiritual, and relational growth. I strive to create a non-judgmental and affirming space where clients can bring their full selves to therapy. I specialize in working with survivors of sexual and relational trauma, people from the LGBTQIA+ communities, and individuals looking to develop deeper spiritual insight including during times of life transitions. My work is grounded in sex-positivity, anti-oppression, somatics, and pleasure.
My passion is supporting clients on their path to personal, spiritual, and relational growth. I strive to create a non-judgmental and affirming space where clients can bring their full selves to therapy. I specialize in working with survivors of sexual and relational trauma, people from the LGBTQIA+ communities, and individuals looking to develop deeper spiritual insight including during times of life transitions. My work is grounded in sex-positivity, anti-oppression, somatics, and pleasure.
(347) 223-5260 View (347) 223-5260
Photo of Debra Laks - Clinical Career Counselor, Counselor in 12498, NY
Debra Laks - Clinical Career Counselor
Counselor, LMHC
Verified
21 Endorsed
Woodstock, NY 12498  (Online Only)
As a Clinical Career Counselor I will guide you in a deeper exploration of professional goals and career identity. We will work collaboratively to assess your strengths, internal barriers, values, work style and development needs in order to formulate a personal definition of success and map out viable strategies for actualizing your goals. I provide a framework to facilitate career decision-making, advancement and change through supportive, solution-focused counseling and assessment. To smooth your career transition, I also offer assistance in resume and cover letter writing, Linked-In profile development, job search management, interview preparation and negotiating/evaluating job offers.
As a Clinical Career Counselor I will guide you in a deeper exploration of professional goals and career identity. We will work collaboratively to assess your strengths, internal barriers, values, work style and development needs in order to formulate a personal definition of success and map out viable strategies for actualizing your goals. I provide a framework to facilitate career decision-making, advancement and change through supportive, solution-focused counseling and assessment. To smooth your career transition, I also offer assistance in resume and cover letter writing, Linked-In profile development, job search management, interview preparation and negotiating/evaluating job offers.
(718) 395-9576 View (718) 395-9576
Photo of Nancy Jainchill, Psychologist in 12498, NY
Nancy Jainchill
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Woodstock, NY 12498
I live and work in Woodstock, NY. Over the years I have seen a diversity of individuals, including couples, young people struggling to realize themselves, and those with the other challenges that we meet in our daily lives. I respect and appreciate the differences among those who meet with me. I have a good sense of humor and think that laughter, even under the most painful of circumstances can be helpful.
I live and work in Woodstock, NY. Over the years I have seen a diversity of individuals, including couples, young people struggling to realize themselves, and those with the other challenges that we meet in our daily lives. I respect and appreciate the differences among those who meet with me. I have a good sense of humor and think that laughter, even under the most painful of circumstances can be helpful.
(646) 226-3524 View (646) 226-3524
Photo of Becca Leitman Psychotherapy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 12498, NY
Becca Leitman Psychotherapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, CMHS
Verified
12 Endorsed
Woodstock, NY 12498
Hello, my name is Becca Leitman, and I am an Adoption, Grief and Loss specialist, offering individualized and family counseling services. I have over ten years of experience working with children, adolescents and families formed through domestic and international adoption and foster care. I provide caring, specialized treatment in: adoption/foster care issues, birth family relationships and their subsequent reunions, children of divorce, trauma recovery, depression, sexual abuse, grief and loss, identity struggles, anxiety, anger management, and cross-cultural adjustments. I treat each client with deep empathy, and approach therapy from a psychodynamic and interpersonal therapeutic lens.
Hello, my name is Becca Leitman, and I am an Adoption, Grief and Loss specialist, offering individualized and family counseling services. I have over ten years of experience working with children, adolescents and families formed through domestic and international adoption and foster care. I provide caring, specialized treatment in: adoption/foster care issues, birth family relationships and their subsequent reunions, children of divorce, trauma recovery, depression, sexual abuse, grief and loss, identity struggles, anxiety, anger management, and cross-cultural adjustments. I treat each client with deep empathy, and approach therapy from a psychodynamic and interpersonal therapeutic lens.
(845) 478-1094 View (845) 478-1094

See more therapy options for 12498

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 12498

80+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in 12498 who prioritize treating:

89% Anxiety
87% Depression
83% Relationship Issues
79% Self Esteem
69% Trauma and PTSD
63% Grief
62% Stress

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

41% Aetna
34% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
34% Empire BlueCross BlueShield

How Therapists in 12498 see their clients

67% In Person and Online
33% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
17% Male
3% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 12498?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.