Counselling in W3

Photo of Basia Dereszewska, Psychotherapist in W3, England
Basia Dereszewska
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
London W3  (Online Only)
I'm a BACP registered Integrative counsellor and psychotherapist in West London. Counselling and Psychotherapy are often considered to be interchangeable terms. Usually counselling involves short term work and is recommended for specific issues such as a major life change or grief and takes place over weeks or several months. Psychotherapy is more open-ended and explorative, and tends to look at past issues that might be contributing to present day problems. I offer both short-term and open-ended therapy using a variety of modalities.
I'm a BACP registered Integrative counsellor and psychotherapist in West London. Counselling and Psychotherapy are often considered to be interchangeable terms. Usually counselling involves short term work and is recommended for specific issues such as a major life change or grief and takes place over weeks or several months. Psychotherapy is more open-ended and explorative, and tends to look at past issues that might be contributing to present day problems. I offer both short-term and open-ended therapy using a variety of modalities.
020 3667 7068 View 020 3667 7068
Photo of Karen Yuen, Counsellor in W3, England
Karen Yuen
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
London W3  (Online Only)
Hello, I'm Karen and I'm an accredited counsellor with over 8 years of experience of helping individual adults. I offer an opportunity for you to explore personal difficulties in a confidential, non-judgemental and supportive environment. You will be supported in understanding and articulating these feelings and emotions, and to understand and gain insight into your situation. This process can foster growth and lead to positive change in your life. I can help you with: Anxiety, Bereavement, Grief, Loss, Depression, Discrimination, Low self-esteem, Relationships (work, family, friends), Stress and Trauma
Hello, I'm Karen and I'm an accredited counsellor with over 8 years of experience of helping individual adults. I offer an opportunity for you to explore personal difficulties in a confidential, non-judgemental and supportive environment. You will be supported in understanding and articulating these feelings and emotions, and to understand and gain insight into your situation. This process can foster growth and lead to positive change in your life. I can help you with: Anxiety, Bereavement, Grief, Loss, Depression, Discrimination, Low self-esteem, Relationships (work, family, friends), Stress and Trauma
020 3962 2148 View 020 3962 2148
Photo of Dr Scarlet Sarksan, Psychologist in W3, England
Dr Scarlet Sarksan
Psychologist, DCounsPsych, GMBPsS
Verified Verified
I have more than 14 years of experience working with issues ranging from trauma, geographical displacement, depression, anxiety, addictions, asylum-seeking process, relationships, attachment, parenting, identity, sense of belonging, and a myriad of cultural approaches. I have worked in a variety of settings including private practice, community, and mental health charities. I work both on a one-to-one & group basis and provide psychoeducational webinars/workshops for the NHS. I am a fully accredited member of the British Psychological Society (GMBPS) & Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC).
I have more than 14 years of experience working with issues ranging from trauma, geographical displacement, depression, anxiety, addictions, asylum-seeking process, relationships, attachment, parenting, identity, sense of belonging, and a myriad of cultural approaches. I have worked in a variety of settings including private practice, community, and mental health charities. I work both on a one-to-one & group basis and provide psychoeducational webinars/workshops for the NHS. I am a fully accredited member of the British Psychological Society (GMBPS) & Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC).
020 3866 4195 View 020 3866 4195
Photo of Jeremy Francis, Counsellor in W3, England
Jeremy Francis
Counsellor, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
I see the therapeutic space as an opportunity to take a new look at current difficulties, taking into account old and often unconscious issues in order to promote the awareness that leads to more harmonious functioning and more satisfactory relationships. I prioritise establishing a climate of trust in the therapeutic relationship where warmth and empathy are paramount. My experience also reaches to supporting young adults who seek to better understand their concerns and symptoms, which can be in the range of depression, relationship snd family difficulties.
I see the therapeutic space as an opportunity to take a new look at current difficulties, taking into account old and often unconscious issues in order to promote the awareness that leads to more harmonious functioning and more satisfactory relationships. I prioritise establishing a climate of trust in the therapeutic relationship where warmth and empathy are paramount. My experience also reaches to supporting young adults who seek to better understand their concerns and symptoms, which can be in the range of depression, relationship snd family difficulties.
020 4538 2106 View 020 4538 2106
Photo of Anoushka Beazley, Psychotherapist in W3, England
Anoushka Beazley
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Life is not always easy. You may be struggling with an event in your life today, or perhaps in your past, that has you unable to move forward. You may be struggling with a family or relationship issue, you may be having problems at work, with a bereavement or with an issue of sexuality. Or does it feel like you are too much? Too sensitive? I offer a safe, non-judgemental and confidential space to explore how you can make the changes you need to live a more fulfilled and happier life. I place the therapeutic relationship at the very heart of what I do. Every individual is unique so my approach is tailored to the individual.
Life is not always easy. You may be struggling with an event in your life today, or perhaps in your past, that has you unable to move forward. You may be struggling with a family or relationship issue, you may be having problems at work, with a bereavement or with an issue of sexuality. Or does it feel like you are too much? Too sensitive? I offer a safe, non-judgemental and confidential space to explore how you can make the changes you need to live a more fulfilled and happier life. I place the therapeutic relationship at the very heart of what I do. Every individual is unique so my approach is tailored to the individual.
020 3974 2371 View 020 3974 2371
Photo of Jamie Bloch, Psychotherapist in W3, England
Jamie Bloch
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
My name is Jamie (she/her). I moved to London from Toronto to further my education in counselling and psychotherapy. I'm a compassionate integrative counsellor, trained psychodynamically, who consistently provides a safe, supportive, therapeutic environment where my clients feel comfortable sharing their innermost thoughts and feelings. By maintaining an empathic, trauma-informed stance, I create a space where clients can feel held. By bringing unconscious thoughts and feelings into conscious awareness, clients can learn to better understand themselves.
My name is Jamie (she/her). I moved to London from Toronto to further my education in counselling and psychotherapy. I'm a compassionate integrative counsellor, trained psychodynamically, who consistently provides a safe, supportive, therapeutic environment where my clients feel comfortable sharing their innermost thoughts and feelings. By maintaining an empathic, trauma-informed stance, I create a space where clients can feel held. By bringing unconscious thoughts and feelings into conscious awareness, clients can learn to better understand themselves.
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Photo of Andy David Geddes, Psychotherapist in W3, England
Andy David Geddes
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
I am a psychotherapist living and working in Acton, West London. In these profoundly challenging times, I have developed expertise formed having lived through painful life-experiences that so many of us struggle with. How do we face the unexpected emotional upheavals that can feel so overwhelming? To cope with the grief and the loss of a loved one, or the depression and anxiety that can follow sudden unemployment? Is it possible to repair a broken relationship and come to terms with the painful fall out from an affair?
I am a psychotherapist living and working in Acton, West London. In these profoundly challenging times, I have developed expertise formed having lived through painful life-experiences that so many of us struggle with. How do we face the unexpected emotional upheavals that can feel so overwhelming? To cope with the grief and the loss of a loved one, or the depression and anxiety that can follow sudden unemployment? Is it possible to repair a broken relationship and come to terms with the painful fall out from an affair?
020 4538 9367 View 020 4538 9367
Photo of Ana Cooper, Psychotherapist in W3, England
Ana Cooper
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
I am a fully qualified BACP Accredited Integrative Psychotherapist, with over 20 years' experience, who worked in frontline NHS services (Hospitals and GP surgeries) for most of my career, and now works exclusively in Private Practice. The three issues I am most proficient in treating are anxiety, depression, and relationship difficulties. (I count myself in the number of people I have helped out of those dark places.)
I am a fully qualified BACP Accredited Integrative Psychotherapist, with over 20 years' experience, who worked in frontline NHS services (Hospitals and GP surgeries) for most of my career, and now works exclusively in Private Practice. The three issues I am most proficient in treating are anxiety, depression, and relationship difficulties. (I count myself in the number of people I have helped out of those dark places.)
01748 902517 View 01748 902517
Photo of Alexandra Stochin, Psychotherapist in W3, England
Alexandra Stochin
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
As an integrative psychotherapist, I'm here to provide you with a welcoming, non-judgmental, and compassionate space where you can explore challenging thoughts, emotions, and life experiences. I understand the anxiety that may arise from seeking therapy and choosing a therapist. Please rest assured, I am here to help and answer any questions you may have, making this journey as comfortable as possible. My private practice is located in North Acton W3, where I offer in-person sessions. I am dedicated to providing a personalised, client-centered service that encourages you to be your authentic self and embark on a therapeutic journey.
As an integrative psychotherapist, I'm here to provide you with a welcoming, non-judgmental, and compassionate space where you can explore challenging thoughts, emotions, and life experiences. I understand the anxiety that may arise from seeking therapy and choosing a therapist. Please rest assured, I am here to help and answer any questions you may have, making this journey as comfortable as possible. My private practice is located in North Acton W3, where I offer in-person sessions. I am dedicated to providing a personalised, client-centered service that encourages you to be your authentic self and embark on a therapeutic journey.
020 3727 7652 View 020 3727 7652
Photo of Catherine Rimmer, Counsellor in W3, England
Catherine Rimmer
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
This time can feel very fragile both individually and collectively which is hard on most of us. How do we navigate our way through the uncertainty and recognise that in this everchanging and fast paced world we can make our way towards our own sense of certainty? During these moments it can be helpful to have someone to walk alongside you. To listen and tune into what you need and want to say. To be heard by another so that ultimately you can hear yourself. Should you need this support I would be honoured to walk a while with you.
This time can feel very fragile both individually and collectively which is hard on most of us. How do we navigate our way through the uncertainty and recognise that in this everchanging and fast paced world we can make our way towards our own sense of certainty? During these moments it can be helpful to have someone to walk alongside you. To listen and tune into what you need and want to say. To be heard by another so that ultimately you can hear yourself. Should you need this support I would be honoured to walk a while with you.
020 3816 3769 View 020 3816 3769
Photo of Joakim Parknas, Psychotherapist in W3, England
Joakim Parknas
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
My name is Joakim Parknas and I'm a qualified Psychotherapist and a registered member of the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy of which I adhere to its code of ethics for good practice. I work from an integrative therapeutic approach, which means that I'm trained in several different therapeutic disciplines. This allows me to draw from a vast knowledge base in order to accommodate my clients needs. My aim with the therapy is to allow my clients to explore themselves in a professional setting. I believe that everyone is equipped with enough resources to lead a fulfilling life.
My name is Joakim Parknas and I'm a qualified Psychotherapist and a registered member of the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy of which I adhere to its code of ethics for good practice. I work from an integrative therapeutic approach, which means that I'm trained in several different therapeutic disciplines. This allows me to draw from a vast knowledge base in order to accommodate my clients needs. My aim with the therapy is to allow my clients to explore themselves in a professional setting. I believe that everyone is equipped with enough resources to lead a fulfilling life.
01748 902441 View 01748 902441
Photo of Safe space Therapy, Counsellor in W3, England
Safe space Therapy
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
London W3  (Online Only)
I offer a safe online therapeutic service. I specialise working with young and older adults and LGBTQ+. Do you feel lost, desperate, alone and have tried other avenues but still find your right back at the same place. Are you grieving a lost one. At Safe Space Therapy we can explore why you are not able to move forward and be the authentic person you can be. We can explore the blocks and barriers and old patterns that have suppressed you in life. I have a strong ethos with supporting clients to explore and set their own inner boundary, therefore allowing and empowering you to find your own inner therapist.
I offer a safe online therapeutic service. I specialise working with young and older adults and LGBTQ+. Do you feel lost, desperate, alone and have tried other avenues but still find your right back at the same place. Are you grieving a lost one. At Safe Space Therapy we can explore why you are not able to move forward and be the authentic person you can be. We can explore the blocks and barriers and old patterns that have suppressed you in life. I have a strong ethos with supporting clients to explore and set their own inner boundary, therefore allowing and empowering you to find your own inner therapist.
01903 256263 View 01903 256263
Photo of Esther Benson, Counsellor in W3, England
Esther Benson
Counsellor, MUKCP
Verified Verified
London W3  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Our consciousness is like a small candle in vast darkness; we must not let it go out. Sometimes when we are faced with life challenges, our mind falters like a candle in the wind; we are confused, sad, angry, or agitated, and at times like this we need listening ears to listen to us and help us decipher our experiences to make sense of what is causing these emotional reactions and pain. Sometimes, confusion and contamination of our minds can be brought about by broken relationships, job loss, bereavement, mental illness, toxic relations, racism, oppression, wrong religious beliefs, divorce and cultural influences to mention a few.
Our consciousness is like a small candle in vast darkness; we must not let it go out. Sometimes when we are faced with life challenges, our mind falters like a candle in the wind; we are confused, sad, angry, or agitated, and at times like this we need listening ears to listen to us and help us decipher our experiences to make sense of what is causing these emotional reactions and pain. Sometimes, confusion and contamination of our minds can be brought about by broken relationships, job loss, bereavement, mental illness, toxic relations, racism, oppression, wrong religious beliefs, divorce and cultural influences to mention a few.
020 8138 8572 View 020 8138 8572
Photo of Taline Al-Jawad, Psychotherapist in W3, England
Taline Al-Jawad
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
London W3  (Online Only)
I offer individual Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapy (CBT) for Children, Adolescents and Adults who may be struggling with their day to day activities as a result of feeling low, anxious or stressed owing to relationships, school, education, anxiety disorders, intrusive thoughts and depression. Together we will establish the individual's goals for therapy and how they would like their life to be different.
I offer individual Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapy (CBT) for Children, Adolescents and Adults who may be struggling with their day to day activities as a result of feeling low, anxious or stressed owing to relationships, school, education, anxiety disorders, intrusive thoughts and depression. Together we will establish the individual's goals for therapy and how they would like their life to be different.
01494 977322 View 01494 977322
Photo of Madeleine Morrissey, Psychotherapist in W3, England
Madeleine Morrissey
Psychotherapist, BPC
Verified Verified
I am a very experienced and highly qualified counsellor and psychotherapist, having worked for over 20 years in both private practice and the NHS. My private practice counselling and psychotherapy sessions are based in Chiswick, West London. I also worked as a Principal Adult Psychotherapist in the NHS.
I am a very experienced and highly qualified counsellor and psychotherapist, having worked for over 20 years in both private practice and the NHS. My private practice counselling and psychotherapy sessions are based in Chiswick, West London. I also worked as a Principal Adult Psychotherapist in the NHS.
020 3697 0439 View 020 3697 0439
Photo of Imma Sorrentino Ricciardi, Counsellor in W3, England
Imma Sorrentino Ricciardi
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Maybe you are struggling with an addiction and feeling trapped, and would like to find a way out. Or maybe you are in a relationship that isn’t good for you. You would like to be more assertive. You might be feeling depressed or anxious and would like to experience more joy in life. Perhaps, you are at a difficult place with your marriage, fighting all the time and would like to feel connected again. Maybe you have everything in life nevertheless you aren't happy. Or you might feel affected by the pandemic, and you realised there is something that needs to be addressed. I would love to help you!
Maybe you are struggling with an addiction and feeling trapped, and would like to find a way out. Or maybe you are in a relationship that isn’t good for you. You would like to be more assertive. You might be feeling depressed or anxious and would like to experience more joy in life. Perhaps, you are at a difficult place with your marriage, fighting all the time and would like to feel connected again. Maybe you have everything in life nevertheless you aren't happy. Or you might feel affected by the pandemic, and you realised there is something that needs to be addressed. I would love to help you!
07403 936980 View 07403 936980
Photo of Yianna Kefala, Psychotherapist in W3, England
Yianna Kefala
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
I am Yianna Kefala, a UKCP/MBACP registered Psychoanalytic Psychotherapist offering both long and short psychotherapy and counselling for adults and couples. Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy enables people to develop a better understanding of themselves and feel more content with various aspects of themselves and their lives. It is usually seen as a journey towards self-discovery and introspection that involves patient and therapist working together. I provide individual sessions, couple counselling/psychotherapy and advice on parenting issues in English and Greek.
I am Yianna Kefala, a UKCP/MBACP registered Psychoanalytic Psychotherapist offering both long and short psychotherapy and counselling for adults and couples. Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy enables people to develop a better understanding of themselves and feel more content with various aspects of themselves and their lives. It is usually seen as a journey towards self-discovery and introspection that involves patient and therapist working together. I provide individual sessions, couple counselling/psychotherapy and advice on parenting issues in English and Greek.
01748 901226 View 01748 901226
Photo of Ish Mahon, Psychotherapist in W3, England
Ish Mahon
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
I believe psychotherapy is an opportunity to connect with your Inner-Spirit through a process of reflection and self-awareness. I have a heart-centred approach to therapy and provide a warm, safe environment essential for the healing process to unfold. I work in from an integrative approach using the methods that are suited to the individual needs of each person. By taking a Mind, Body and Soul approach to therapy I can provide a space where you can re-connect to your Inner-Self, your essence, truth, joy, compassion, and sense of aliveness. This authenticity will enables you to reconnect with your Soul Nature.
I believe psychotherapy is an opportunity to connect with your Inner-Spirit through a process of reflection and self-awareness. I have a heart-centred approach to therapy and provide a warm, safe environment essential for the healing process to unfold. I work in from an integrative approach using the methods that are suited to the individual needs of each person. By taking a Mind, Body and Soul approach to therapy I can provide a space where you can re-connect to your Inner-Self, your essence, truth, joy, compassion, and sense of aliveness. This authenticity will enables you to reconnect with your Soul Nature.
01748 901298 View 01748 901298
Photo of Sherry Richmond, Psychotherapist in W3, England
Sherry Richmond
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
I am a fully qualified Psychotherapist (Msc, CTA with distinction) and Psychotherapeutic Counsellor (PG Dip Psych) I work both long term and short term with individuals and couples. People approach therapy for many different reasons. Sometimes it is just to get clear about a past experience or to change a habit. Often I have found that identifying blocks and emotional obstacles that stand in the way of a client living their full potential is the core of the work we do together. I offer a variety of techniques which can assist in removing those obstacles so that you can reach your goals and nurture a loving relationship with oneself
I am a fully qualified Psychotherapist (Msc, CTA with distinction) and Psychotherapeutic Counsellor (PG Dip Psych) I work both long term and short term with individuals and couples. People approach therapy for many different reasons. Sometimes it is just to get clear about a past experience or to change a habit. Often I have found that identifying blocks and emotional obstacles that stand in the way of a client living their full potential is the core of the work we do together. I offer a variety of techniques which can assist in removing those obstacles so that you can reach your goals and nurture a loving relationship with oneself
01372 235270 View 01372 235270
Photo of Tanya Refson Marks, Psychotherapist in W3, England
Tanya Refson Marks
Psychotherapist
Verified Verified
Sometimes it may feel as though patterns are being repeated over and over again and each time you find yourself surprised at reaching the same result. However, people are in constant motion and I hold to the notion that therapy enables self reflection and transformation driving along the process of change. In practice, I will try to ensure you experience a sense of safety in the space for us to better explore your way of being in the world and consider the importance of relationships and memory which are a transformative and pivotal part of what it is you bring to the work and are encouraged to share
Sometimes it may feel as though patterns are being repeated over and over again and each time you find yourself surprised at reaching the same result. However, people are in constant motion and I hold to the notion that therapy enables self reflection and transformation driving along the process of change. In practice, I will try to ensure you experience a sense of safety in the space for us to better explore your way of being in the world and consider the importance of relationships and memory which are a transformative and pivotal part of what it is you bring to the work and are encouraged to share
020 3856 4497 View 020 3856 4497

See more therapy options for W3

Nearby Searches for W3

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in W3

90+

Average cost per session

£70

Counsellors in W3 who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
89% Relationship Issues
89% Depression
89% Self Esteem
83% Stress
72% Bereavement
70% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

71% Aviva
61% AXA PPP
54% Vitality

How Counsellors in W3 see their clients

84% In Person and Online
16% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
20% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in W3?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.