Therapists in Lodi, WI

Photo of Sarah S Keyeski, Licensed Professional Counselor in Lodi, WI
Sarah S Keyeski
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Lodi, WI 53555
To the outside world, you're seen as a pretty together person who's hard-working, accomplished and self-sufficient. When life get's tough, you buck up, soldier on, & "never let 'em see you bleed." You bottle up your pain and keep a tight lid on it. But, behind this exterior, you're actually hanging on by your fingertips. The stress on your shoulders is unbearably heavy & you're overwhelmed, stressed-out, and you feel like you're drowning under the pressure of it all. You're pain is silent, but your suffering is real and it's taking a toll on your health, productivity and your relationships with others.
To the outside world, you're seen as a pretty together person who's hard-working, accomplished and self-sufficient. When life get's tough, you buck up, soldier on, & "never let 'em see you bleed." You bottle up your pain and keep a tight lid on it. But, behind this exterior, you're actually hanging on by your fingertips. The stress on your shoulders is unbearably heavy & you're overwhelmed, stressed-out, and you feel like you're drowning under the pressure of it all. You're pain is silent, but your suffering is real and it's taking a toll on your health, productivity and your relationships with others.
(608) 765-5157 View (608) 765-5157
Photo of Midlands Psychological Associates, Psychologist in Lodi, WI
Midlands Psychological Associates
Psychologist, MDiv, PhD
Verified
Lodi, WI 53555
My focus is identifying an individual's strengths in order to effectively address problems in life.
My focus is identifying an individual's strengths in order to effectively address problems in life.
(608) 509-7309 View (608) 509-7309
Photo of Midlands Psychological Associates, Licensed Professional Counselor in Lodi, WI
Midlands Psychological Associates
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC
Verified
Lodi, WI 53555
My best work is in assisting my clients in a dynamic combination of Self Acceptance and Understanding. Utilizing techniques from psycho-dynamic, gestalt, mindfulness and body-mind therapies I lend direction in finding personal balance.
My best work is in assisting my clients in a dynamic combination of Self Acceptance and Understanding. Utilizing techniques from psycho-dynamic, gestalt, mindfulness and body-mind therapies I lend direction in finding personal balance.
(608) 400-4595 View (608) 400-4595
Photo of Sarah Rosencrans Robinson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Lodi, WI
Sarah Rosencrans Robinson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, C-DBT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Lodi, WI 53555
Positive change is possible when a person is provided the tailored support needed to draw upon their own strengths and insight. There is value in knowing and treating the whole person and I focus on the diverse set of characteristics and circumstances that can both create life challenges and be better understood to overcome personal obstacles. Skill building to address mental health needs, increasing confidence and self-esteem, and creating targeted goals are primary elements of my practice. Initial Consult: https://app2.luminello.com/sarahrobinsonlcsw/form
Positive change is possible when a person is provided the tailored support needed to draw upon their own strengths and insight. There is value in knowing and treating the whole person and I focus on the diverse set of characteristics and circumstances that can both create life challenges and be better understood to overcome personal obstacles. Skill building to address mental health needs, increasing confidence and self-esteem, and creating targeted goals are primary elements of my practice. Initial Consult: https://app2.luminello.com/sarahrobinsonlcsw/form
(608) 602-7207 View (608) 602-7207

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of S Landon Counseling LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in Lodi, WI
S Landon Counseling LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC , NCC
Verified
Poynette, WI 53955
Congratulations on your courage to reach out for some help. Sessions are 70 minutes. The Facts: Unhappy couples wait an average of eight years before seeing a Therapist - Amazing! Individuals may crisis points or be pressured to see a Therapist! To be fair, everyone feels emotional pain at some point. Emotional pain can build slow or be an unexpected shock. I would be honored to be of help. I offer 20+ years of experience as therapist. Experience aside, I can assure you of a warm reception, a safe place to share and real solutions. I am happy to offer In Person or Virtual sessions. Come motivated - Let's improve life.
Congratulations on your courage to reach out for some help. Sessions are 70 minutes. The Facts: Unhappy couples wait an average of eight years before seeing a Therapist - Amazing! Individuals may crisis points or be pressured to see a Therapist! To be fair, everyone feels emotional pain at some point. Emotional pain can build slow or be an unexpected shock. I would be honored to be of help. I offer 20+ years of experience as therapist. Experience aside, I can assure you of a warm reception, a safe place to share and real solutions. I am happy to offer In Person or Virtual sessions. Come motivated - Let's improve life.
(608) 583-9914 View (608) 583-9914
Photo of Laura Jennings in Lodi, WI
Laura Jennings
CMHC, BM
Poynette, WI 53955  (Online Only)
Overwhelmed? Tired of holding up the world around you? Shielding others (or yourself) from your pain? I know what it is to suffer and to feel lost and anxious. There is hope! If you're craving peace, joy, and true growth; if you want to be heard by someone who "gets it;" and if you’re ready to work hard in love - we could be a great fit. I combine scientific, holistic mental wellness with biblical truth to help women through anxiousness, stress, bitterness, shame, boundaries, perfectionism, identity problems, and so much more. My goal: to teach you the tools and process, to coach you through this struggle and equip you for the next.
Overwhelmed? Tired of holding up the world around you? Shielding others (or yourself) from your pain? I know what it is to suffer and to feel lost and anxious. There is hope! If you're craving peace, joy, and true growth; if you want to be heard by someone who "gets it;" and if you’re ready to work hard in love - we could be a great fit. I combine scientific, holistic mental wellness with biblical truth to help women through anxiousness, stress, bitterness, shame, boundaries, perfectionism, identity problems, and so much more. My goal: to teach you the tools and process, to coach you through this struggle and equip you for the next.
(608) 889-2902 View (608) 889-2902
Photo of Darald Hanusa, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Lodi, WI
Darald Hanusa
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LSCW, SAC
Verified
Poynette, WI 53955
It was Ralph Waldo Emerson who once said that, "What lies behind us and what lies before us matters little compared to what lies within us". For more than 30 years I have focused on helping children and adults, individually, in couples, in families and groups achieve strength, peace and confidence by improving conflict resolution, communication, stress and anxiety, anger management skills, child and adolescent behavioral problems, and parenting skills as well as improved functioning and decreased emotional distress related to depression, self-esteem, post-traumatic stress and bipolar disorders. Through a combination of interpersonal, cognitive-behavioral and motivational approaches I have seen my clients make meaningful and lasting transformations in both emotional and behavioral dimensions. I provide evidence-based, focused, and time-limited treatment with documented results for mental health, behavioral health and substance use issues.
It was Ralph Waldo Emerson who once said that, "What lies behind us and what lies before us matters little compared to what lies within us". For more than 30 years I have focused on helping children and adults, individually, in couples, in families and groups achieve strength, peace and confidence by improving conflict resolution, communication, stress and anxiety, anger management skills, child and adolescent behavioral problems, and parenting skills as well as improved functioning and decreased emotional distress related to depression, self-esteem, post-traumatic stress and bipolar disorders. Through a combination of interpersonal, cognitive-behavioral and motivational approaches I have seen my clients make meaningful and lasting transformations in both emotional and behavioral dimensions. I provide evidence-based, focused, and time-limited treatment with documented results for mental health, behavioral health and substance use issues.
(608) 579-0529 View (608) 579-0529
Photo of Ellanora Ward, Psychologist in Lodi, WI
Ellanora Ward
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Poynette, WI 53955
I try and help people increase the "quality" of their lives which often means helping people whose thinking/behavior and feelings don't seem to connect.I use many different approaches to therapy and draw upon numerous orientations if helpful to the client's goal of change. I strongly advocate for the mind/body connection; healthy mind helps the body be healthier. Past issues are of importance but don't have to be the major focus. I can help you with depression, anxiety, relationship issues and PTSD. I am proud to be a Tricare provider.
I try and help people increase the "quality" of their lives which often means helping people whose thinking/behavior and feelings don't seem to connect.I use many different approaches to therapy and draw upon numerous orientations if helpful to the client's goal of change. I strongly advocate for the mind/body connection; healthy mind helps the body be healthier. Past issues are of importance but don't have to be the major focus. I can help you with depression, anxiety, relationship issues and PTSD. I am proud to be a Tricare provider.
(608) 729-7012 View (608) 729-7012
Photo of Elizabeth Reeder, Marriage & Family Therapist in Lodi, WI
Elizabeth Reeder
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Poynette, WI 53955
Not accepting new clients
I Have been a licensed Marriage and Family therapist providing psychotherapy at Moontree Psychotherapy since 2008, although, I have been working with adults, children and families in a variety of capacities for over 15 years. I am a Humanistic-Mindfulness based psychotherapist. Whether you are seeking treatment for mental illness or need help with managing the circumstances in your life, I pay attention to all the parts of the human system ( body, mind, emotion, spirituality, relationships) and help you bring them into balance. .
I Have been a licensed Marriage and Family therapist providing psychotherapy at Moontree Psychotherapy since 2008, although, I have been working with adults, children and families in a variety of capacities for over 15 years. I am a Humanistic-Mindfulness based psychotherapist. Whether you are seeking treatment for mental illness or need help with managing the circumstances in your life, I pay attention to all the parts of the human system ( body, mind, emotion, spirituality, relationships) and help you bring them into balance. .
(608) 291-3880 View (608) 291-3880
Photo of Reannon Lochner, Licensed Professional Counselor in Lodi, WI
Reannon Lochner
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
Prairie Du Sac, WI 53578  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Life isn't always easy, but you don't have to face things alone. If you feel like life isn't working for you right now, counseling can help. I like to think of it as a short-term process leading to long-term positive change and increased life satisfaction. I am committed to providing my clients with a safe and confidential environment where healing and growth can take place.
Life isn't always easy, but you don't have to face things alone. If you feel like life isn't working for you right now, counseling can help. I like to think of it as a short-term process leading to long-term positive change and increased life satisfaction. I am committed to providing my clients with a safe and confidential environment where healing and growth can take place.
(608) 234-5900 View (608) 234-5900
Photo of Carla Wincentsen, Licensed Professional Counselor in Lodi, WI
Carla Wincentsen
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified
Prairie Du Sac, WI 53578
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with a Master's Degree in Community Mental Health. I have over 10 years of mental health experience working with adolescents, adults and families. Much of my experience and passion is embedded in working with individuals struggling with depression, anxiety, self-esteem, relationship difficulties, women's issues and trauma. Additionally, I have a special connection and interest in working with military families and consider it a small way to give back to our service members and their families.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with a Master's Degree in Community Mental Health. I have over 10 years of mental health experience working with adolescents, adults and families. Much of my experience and passion is embedded in working with individuals struggling with depression, anxiety, self-esteem, relationship difficulties, women's issues and trauma. Additionally, I have a special connection and interest in working with military families and consider it a small way to give back to our service members and their families.
(608) 530-6091 View (608) 530-6091
Photo of Dr. Victoria Egizio, Psychologist in Lodi, WI
Dr. Victoria Egizio
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Waunakee, WI 53597  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I have a dual PhD in Clinical and Biological-Health Psychology and work with clients struggling with mental health or medical conditions, or both. Using science-backed strategies, we'll talk about your challenges, problem-solve, and identify solutions so you can feel better inside and out. You'll be able to calm your emotions, master your thoughts, regulate your body, and overcome obstacles with confidence. I bring over 10 years of experience to our work together. You'll experience non-judgmental compassion and expert support. Clients typically see improvement within 6 sessions. I'm licensed in WI and 30+ other states.
I have a dual PhD in Clinical and Biological-Health Psychology and work with clients struggling with mental health or medical conditions, or both. Using science-backed strategies, we'll talk about your challenges, problem-solve, and identify solutions so you can feel better inside and out. You'll be able to calm your emotions, master your thoughts, regulate your body, and overcome obstacles with confidence. I bring over 10 years of experience to our work together. You'll experience non-judgmental compassion and expert support. Clients typically see improvement within 6 sessions. I'm licensed in WI and 30+ other states.
(608) 496-9627 View (608) 496-9627
Photo of Jennifer Major, Psychologist in Lodi, WI
Jennifer Major
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Dane, WI 53529  (Online Only)
Let's check in for a moment. Are you overwhelmed by stress, life transitions, and past unhealed wounds? Are you exhausted from the ongoing fight against social injustices? Or maybe you’re unsure what’s happening, but you know something feels “off.” Therapy is a valuable tool for holding space for your suffering, determining the roots of your pain, and developing new techniques to make meaningful life changes that support your mental health.
Let's check in for a moment. Are you overwhelmed by stress, life transitions, and past unhealed wounds? Are you exhausted from the ongoing fight against social injustices? Or maybe you’re unsure what’s happening, but you know something feels “off.” Therapy is a valuable tool for holding space for your suffering, determining the roots of your pain, and developing new techniques to make meaningful life changes that support your mental health.
(715) 260-4969 View (715) 260-4969

Online Therapists

Photo of Sheryl Pickering, Licensed Professional Counselor in Lodi, WI
Sheryl Pickering
Licensed Professional Counselor, MSMHC, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Beloit, WI 53511
Waitlist for new clients
I strive to provide an environment for clients that is free of judgment in which clients feel safe to explore any issue that they are facing. My core belief is that all people have an innate ability and drive to achieve an overall state of happiness, comfort, and satisfaction with their lives. When given the tools that they need to move forward towards these goals, people will achieve the fulfillment that they have been hoping for. I will work with clients to identify any obstacles to personal fulfillment and incorporate evidence-based treatment techniques in order to overcome these barriers.
I strive to provide an environment for clients that is free of judgment in which clients feel safe to explore any issue that they are facing. My core belief is that all people have an innate ability and drive to achieve an overall state of happiness, comfort, and satisfaction with their lives. When given the tools that they need to move forward towards these goals, people will achieve the fulfillment that they have been hoping for. I will work with clients to identify any obstacles to personal fulfillment and incorporate evidence-based treatment techniques in order to overcome these barriers.
(608) 208-6950 View (608) 208-6950
Photo of Laura Skinner, Licensed Professional Counselor in Lodi, WI
Laura Skinner
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, NCC, LPC, SAC
Verified
Port Washington, WI 53074
I enjoy working with clients that are ready for a change. Whether you are looking for a shift in perspective, helpful coping skills, or an overhaul change in life- I am passionate about exploring the many ways of achieving those goals. Therapy DOES NOT have to be a daunting process! It can be full of wonderment, light, and healing- which I love being able to show my clients!
I enjoy working with clients that are ready for a change. Whether you are looking for a shift in perspective, helpful coping skills, or an overhaul change in life- I am passionate about exploring the many ways of achieving those goals. Therapy DOES NOT have to be a daunting process! It can be full of wonderment, light, and healing- which I love being able to show my clients!
(262) 233-2234 View (262) 233-2234
Photo of Meadowbrook Counseling of Wisconsin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Lodi, WI
Meadowbrook Counseling of Wisconsin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMFT, EMDR
Verified
Milwaukee, WI 53209
At Meadowbrook Counseling, we specialize in helping people overcome trauma, abuse, anxiety, depression, eating disorders, attachment disorders, relationship distress, and personality disorders. We personalize treatment based on your individual needs and use research based methods. Some of the methods we utilize are EMDR Therapy, CBT, DBT, SolutionFocus and Neurofeedback. We welcome individuals and families of all abilities, ages, gender identity, immigration status, race, religion, sexual orientation and socioeconomic status. We strive to help you improve mental health and strengthen family relationships by providing competent and compassionate counseling services to individuals, couples and families. We will help you navigate and conquer the unique challenges you face.
At Meadowbrook Counseling, we specialize in helping people overcome trauma, abuse, anxiety, depression, eating disorders, attachment disorders, relationship distress, and personality disorders. We personalize treatment based on your individual needs and use research based methods. Some of the methods we utilize are EMDR Therapy, CBT, DBT, SolutionFocus and Neurofeedback. We welcome individuals and families of all abilities, ages, gender identity, immigration status, race, religion, sexual orientation and socioeconomic status. We strive to help you improve mental health and strengthen family relationships by providing competent and compassionate counseling services to individuals, couples and families. We will help you navigate and conquer the unique challenges you face.
(414) 622-1790 View (414) 622-1790
Photo of Emily Brownfield, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Lodi, WI
Emily Brownfield
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Sussex, WI 53089
When we take the time to nourish our soul, we increase our emotional resilience and promote overall healing which helps us through life’s many obstacles and increases our quality of life. However, often there are inside forces and outside forces that hinder nurturing our soul and this is what I support my clients with. I understand the healing process requires a leap of faith and that taking the necessary steps can be dialectically exciting and daunting. This is why I strive to embrace my clients with curiosity, empathy, and authenticity while also challenging them to take their next steps towards meaningful change.
When we take the time to nourish our soul, we increase our emotional resilience and promote overall healing which helps us through life’s many obstacles and increases our quality of life. However, often there are inside forces and outside forces that hinder nurturing our soul and this is what I support my clients with. I understand the healing process requires a leap of faith and that taking the necessary steps can be dialectically exciting and daunting. This is why I strive to embrace my clients with curiosity, empathy, and authenticity while also challenging them to take their next steps towards meaningful change.
(262) 829-7041 View (262) 829-7041
Photo of Peaceful Healing LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Lodi, WI
Peaceful Healing LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Sheboygan Falls, WI 53085  (Online Only)
Hello, I’m Elizabeth. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and have been practicing social work for 20 years. I enjoy helping adults struggling with addiction, suicidal ideation and significant mental illness. My goal is to meet you where you are at and to help you achieve goals that are meaningful to you. I like to have fun with humor, stay positive, and focus on moving forward one day at a time. I feel it's important to provide support and the reassurance that you are not alone, we are all struggling. I hope I can help you to feel comfortable and supported.
Hello, I’m Elizabeth. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and have been practicing social work for 20 years. I enjoy helping adults struggling with addiction, suicidal ideation and significant mental illness. My goal is to meet you where you are at and to help you achieve goals that are meaningful to you. I like to have fun with humor, stay positive, and focus on moving forward one day at a time. I feel it's important to provide support and the reassurance that you are not alone, we are all struggling. I hope I can help you to feel comfortable and supported.
(920) 980-2183 View (920) 980-2183
Photo of Sheryl Lilke, Counselor in Lodi, WI
Sheryl Lilke
Counselor, MS
Madison, WI 53719
I believe that our minds, bodies, emotions, and relationships all exist interdependently. When one part of the system fails to thrive, our whole way of being can be put off balance. When we are able to explore these imbalances within the safe space of a trusting, authentic therapeutic relationship, our innate movement towards ease and wellness can be restored.
I believe that our minds, bodies, emotions, and relationships all exist interdependently. When one part of the system fails to thrive, our whole way of being can be put off balance. When we are able to explore these imbalances within the safe space of a trusting, authentic therapeutic relationship, our innate movement towards ease and wellness can be restored.
(608) 640-3798 View (608) 640-3798
Photo of Holy Mind N Body Experiential, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Lodi, WI
Holy Mind N Body Experiential
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MS, LMFT-IT
Verified
West Allis, WI 53227
The Lord is close to the broken-hearted and saves those who are crushed in spirit! Psalm 34:18 niv. Good News: there is peace in knowing someone cares about your emotional state of being.
The Lord is close to the broken-hearted and saves those who are crushed in spirit! Psalm 34:18 niv. Good News: there is peace in knowing someone cares about your emotional state of being.
(262) 435-3985 View (262) 435-3985

See more therapy options for Lodi

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Lodi, WI

< 10

Therapists in Lodi, WI who prioritize treating:

100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% ADHD
100% Trauma and PTSD
75% Relationship Issues
75% Grief
75% Parenting

Average years in practice

28 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

50% Aetna
50% The Alliance
50% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in Lodi, WI see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

67% Female
33% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Lodi?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.