Therapists in Portage, WI

Photo of Ellanora Ward, Psychologist in Portage, WI
Ellanora Ward
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Portage, WI 53901
I try and help people increase the "quality" of their lives which often means helping people whose thinking/behavior and feelings don't seem to connect.I use many different approaches to therapy and draw upon numerous orientations if helpful to the client's goal of change. I strongly advocate for the mind/body connection; healthy mind helps the body be healthier. Past issues are of importance but don't have to be the major focus. I can help you with depression, anxiety, relationship issues and PTSD. I am proud to be a Tricare provider.
I try and help people increase the "quality" of their lives which often means helping people whose thinking/behavior and feelings don't seem to connect.I use many different approaches to therapy and draw upon numerous orientations if helpful to the client's goal of change. I strongly advocate for the mind/body connection; healthy mind helps the body be healthier. Past issues are of importance but don't have to be the major focus. I can help you with depression, anxiety, relationship issues and PTSD. I am proud to be a Tricare provider.
(608) 729-7012 View (608) 729-7012
Photo of Chris Sommerfield, Marriage & Family Therapist in Portage, WI
Chris Sommerfield
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Portage, WI 53901
Are you feeling overwhelmed or struggling to relate with your significant other, spouse, adolescent, child or coworkers? Do you or a family member struggle with the effects of trauma, depression, anxiety, or other mental health condition? I have over twenty years of experience helping individuals of all ages and families who were experiencing crisis in their lives or seeking increased fulfillment in their relationships. My education and practice is based on a strong Systems Theory background where all life influences are considered important and significant others are encouraged to participate as part of the therapeutic process.
Are you feeling overwhelmed or struggling to relate with your significant other, spouse, adolescent, child or coworkers? Do you or a family member struggle with the effects of trauma, depression, anxiety, or other mental health condition? I have over twenty years of experience helping individuals of all ages and families who were experiencing crisis in their lives or seeking increased fulfillment in their relationships. My education and practice is based on a strong Systems Theory background where all life influences are considered important and significant others are encouraged to participate as part of the therapeutic process.
(608) 519-4738 View (608) 519-4738
Photo of Darald Hanusa, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Portage, WI
Darald Hanusa
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LSCW, SAC
Verified Verified
Portage, WI 53901
It was Ralph Waldo Emerson who once said that, "What lies behind us and what lies before us matters little compared to what lies within us". For more than 30 years I have focused on helping children and adults, individually, in couples, in families and groups achieve strength, peace and confidence by improving conflict resolution, communication, stress and anxiety, anger management skills, child and adolescent behavioral problems, and parenting skills as well as improved functioning and decreased emotional distress related to depression, self-esteem, post-traumatic stress and bipolar disorders. Through a combination of interpersonal, cognitive-behavioral and motivational approaches I have seen my clients make meaningful and lasting transformations in both emotional and behavioral dimensions. I provide evidence-based, focused, and time-limited treatment with documented results for mental health, behavioral health and substance use issues.
It was Ralph Waldo Emerson who once said that, "What lies behind us and what lies before us matters little compared to what lies within us". For more than 30 years I have focused on helping children and adults, individually, in couples, in families and groups achieve strength, peace and confidence by improving conflict resolution, communication, stress and anxiety, anger management skills, child and adolescent behavioral problems, and parenting skills as well as improved functioning and decreased emotional distress related to depression, self-esteem, post-traumatic stress and bipolar disorders. Through a combination of interpersonal, cognitive-behavioral and motivational approaches I have seen my clients make meaningful and lasting transformations in both emotional and behavioral dimensions. I provide evidence-based, focused, and time-limited treatment with documented results for mental health, behavioral health and substance use issues.
(608) 579-0529 View (608) 579-0529
Photo of Kate Reedy, Counselor in Portage, WI
Kate Reedy
Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Portage, WI 53901
Life can sometimes get out of balance or become outright overwhelming - therapy can be a powerful tool for positive change and personal growth. Working together, I can help you to develop healthier ways of coping with stress, to increase mindfulness and inner calm in your daily life, and to build better relationships - with others and with yourself.
Life can sometimes get out of balance or become outright overwhelming - therapy can be a powerful tool for positive change and personal growth. Working together, I can help you to develop healthier ways of coping with stress, to increase mindfulness and inner calm in your daily life, and to build better relationships - with others and with yourself.
(608) 422-4137 View (608) 422-4137
Photo of Midlands Psychological Associates, Psychologist in Portage, WI
Midlands Psychological Associates
Psychologist, MDiv, PhD
Verified Verified
Portage, WI 53901
My focus is identifying an individual's strengths in order to effectively address problems in life.
My focus is identifying an individual's strengths in order to effectively address problems in life.
(608) 509-7309 View (608) 509-7309
Photo of Samantha Sussek, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Portage, WI
Samantha Sussek
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Portage, WI 53901
Anything that’s human is mentionable, and anything that is mentionable can be more manageable. When we can talk about our feelings, they become less overwhelming, less upsetting, and less scary. - Fred Rogers. Life can be hard and overwhelming at times. Life can be heavy. Sometimes, we don't even know why it's heavy. All of those feelings are valid and okay. You don't have to carry that weight alone. I am here to meet you where you are at and help you identify realistic goals to help improve or maintain your quality of life.
Anything that’s human is mentionable, and anything that is mentionable can be more manageable. When we can talk about our feelings, they become less overwhelming, less upsetting, and less scary. - Fred Rogers. Life can be hard and overwhelming at times. Life can be heavy. Sometimes, we don't even know why it's heavy. All of those feelings are valid and okay. You don't have to carry that weight alone. I am here to meet you where you are at and help you identify realistic goals to help improve or maintain your quality of life.
(608) 496-8808 View (608) 496-8808
Photo of Pine Valley Integrated Services LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Portage, WI
Pine Valley Integrated Services LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Portage, WI 53901
At Pine Valley we believe in treating the whole person; body, mind, and spirit. We believe that the capacity of each person to overcome life challenges and create meaningful change is unlimited. We provide a safe environment to explore and discover yourself. We also bring mental health services to programs in areas where services are needed or access to care is limited. We offer an array of mental health and addiction treatment services to help adults, teens and children to overcome barriers, achieve personal goals and live their best life.
At Pine Valley we believe in treating the whole person; body, mind, and spirit. We believe that the capacity of each person to overcome life challenges and create meaningful change is unlimited. We provide a safe environment to explore and discover yourself. We also bring mental health services to programs in areas where services are needed or access to care is limited. We offer an array of mental health and addiction treatment services to help adults, teens and children to overcome barriers, achieve personal goals and live their best life.
(608) 879-6807 View (608) 879-6807
Photo of Pauquette Center for Psychological Services, Psychologist in Portage, WI
Pauquette Center for Psychological Services
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Portage, WI 53901
The Pauquette Center for Psychological Services is a group of experienced outpatient mental health clinicians who provide services for children, adolescents, adults, families, couples and groups in rural areas of Wisconsin. We serve a wide variety of patients including individuals with high risk behaviors, adjustment difficulties, grief and loss, chronic mental health concerns, traumatic experiences, and behavioral difficulties. In addition to therapy and counseling services, we offer Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse assessments and treatment, psychological assessments, and a full-fidelity Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) program.
The Pauquette Center for Psychological Services is a group of experienced outpatient mental health clinicians who provide services for children, adolescents, adults, families, couples and groups in rural areas of Wisconsin. We serve a wide variety of patients including individuals with high risk behaviors, adjustment difficulties, grief and loss, chronic mental health concerns, traumatic experiences, and behavioral difficulties. In addition to therapy and counseling services, we offer Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse assessments and treatment, psychological assessments, and a full-fidelity Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) program.
(608) 459-1442 View (608) 459-1442
Photo of Pauquette Center for Psychological Services, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Portage, WI
Pauquette Center for Psychological Services
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Portage, WI 53901  (Online Only)
The Pauquette Center for Psychological Services is a group of experienced outpatient mental health clinicians who provide services for children, adolescents, adults, families, couples and groups in Wisconsin. We serve a wide variety of patients including individuals with high risk behaviors, adjustment difficulties, grief and loss, chronic mental health concerns, traumatic experiences, and behavioral difficulties.
The Pauquette Center for Psychological Services is a group of experienced outpatient mental health clinicians who provide services for children, adolescents, adults, families, couples and groups in Wisconsin. We serve a wide variety of patients including individuals with high risk behaviors, adjustment difficulties, grief and loss, chronic mental health concerns, traumatic experiences, and behavioral difficulties.
(608) 580-5885 View (608) 580-5885

Online Therapists

Photo of Rachel Uihlein, Marriage & Family Therapist in Portage, WI
Rachel Uihlein
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Glendale, WI 53217
Change is inevitable, they say...and it’s hard. Whether the change you're experiencing is unexpected or was hard sought-after, the effect is largely the same: it leaves you feeling disoriented, misunderstood and alone. In place of the control and mastery you once felt in your life, there is now chaos. You find yourself either paralyzed by in-decision or fighting desperately to find a foothold, but you just keep slipping...
Change is inevitable, they say...and it’s hard. Whether the change you're experiencing is unexpected or was hard sought-after, the effect is largely the same: it leaves you feeling disoriented, misunderstood and alone. In place of the control and mastery you once felt in your life, there is now chaos. You find yourself either paralyzed by in-decision or fighting desperately to find a foothold, but you just keep slipping...
(262) 218-3477 View (262) 218-3477
Photo of Mark A Wilkerson, Licensed Professional Counselor in Portage, WI
Mark A Wilkerson
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Appleton, WI 54913  (Online Only)
I am welcoming new clients who are looking for help with life transitions, grief and loss, ADHD, OCD, anxiety, depression, or traumatic experiences. I currently have the capacity to serve older teens and adults via telehealth using a wide range of evidenced-based techniques and approaches. Whether this is your first time in therapy or not I believe in equipping you with knowledge and tools to use throughout your life to overcome behavioral and emotional barriers. If you are unsure of your goals or ideal outcomes, we collaborate to outline what you hope to change, improve, and accomplish and use outcome metrics to measure progress.
I am welcoming new clients who are looking for help with life transitions, grief and loss, ADHD, OCD, anxiety, depression, or traumatic experiences. I currently have the capacity to serve older teens and adults via telehealth using a wide range of evidenced-based techniques and approaches. Whether this is your first time in therapy or not I believe in equipping you with knowledge and tools to use throughout your life to overcome behavioral and emotional barriers. If you are unsure of your goals or ideal outcomes, we collaborate to outline what you hope to change, improve, and accomplish and use outcome metrics to measure progress.
(920) 717-1401 View (920) 717-1401
Photo of Amanda Alf, Licensed Professional Counselor in Portage, WI
Amanda Alf
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Mequon, WI 53092
Waitlist for new clients
I am passionate about assisting each client in learning about their symptoms and what we can actively do together to create change and accomplish treatment goals. I enjoy working with clients that are willing to work with me as an active participant in their treatment. I work with children (6yo and up), adolescents and adults. I specialize in treating anxiety disorders including Separation Anxiety, Selective Mutism, Panic Disorder Social Anxiety, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder. I also specialize in treating Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Skin Picking, Hair Pulling, and Phobias.
I am passionate about assisting each client in learning about their symptoms and what we can actively do together to create change and accomplish treatment goals. I enjoy working with clients that are willing to work with me as an active participant in their treatment. I work with children (6yo and up), adolescents and adults. I specialize in treating anxiety disorders including Separation Anxiety, Selective Mutism, Panic Disorder Social Anxiety, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder. I also specialize in treating Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Skin Picking, Hair Pulling, and Phobias.
(262) 710-2824 View (262) 710-2824
Photo of Deva Murphy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Portage, WI
Deva Murphy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Milwaukee, WI 53202
I have availability within one week for scheduling. Are you feeling unhappy or overwhelmed with yourself and your life? Do you wish that you felt more in control and empowered during your day? I specialize in working with anyone who is seeking peace with food and their body, including eating disorders, poor body image, or feeling a loss of control over food or your body. I am also drawn to help those who struggle with trauma, depression, anxiety, grief, life transitions, and those who want to find joy and meaning in their life.
I have availability within one week for scheduling. Are you feeling unhappy or overwhelmed with yourself and your life? Do you wish that you felt more in control and empowered during your day? I specialize in working with anyone who is seeking peace with food and their body, including eating disorders, poor body image, or feeling a loss of control over food or your body. I am also drawn to help those who struggle with trauma, depression, anxiety, grief, life transitions, and those who want to find joy and meaning in their life.
(414) 240-8526 View (414) 240-8526
Photo of Annette L Haas, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Portage, WI
Annette L Haas
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Monona, WI 53713
Effective therapy requires attunement to ourselves and being present with all the parts of ourselves. By tuning into ourselves we begin to notice the narratives that we have formed to interpret our experiences. I support clients in recognizing, listening, and attending to all parts of themselves which will lead to healing and growth. We will work to revise old narratives in a way that better suits you. I work to support clients in finding the inner wisdom they possess and help them discover their own light.
Effective therapy requires attunement to ourselves and being present with all the parts of ourselves. By tuning into ourselves we begin to notice the narratives that we have formed to interpret our experiences. I support clients in recognizing, listening, and attending to all parts of themselves which will lead to healing and growth. We will work to revise old narratives in a way that better suits you. I work to support clients in finding the inner wisdom they possess and help them discover their own light.
(608) 889-2414 View (608) 889-2414
Photo of Valerie Hamilton, Psychotherapist , Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Portage, WI
Valerie Hamilton, Psychotherapist
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, SAP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Appleton, WI 54915
Waitlist for new clients
My ideal client would be someone looking for help to tap into their personal inner strengths, and by maximizing those strengths, will discover peace, balance and self acceptance, in their everyday life. My ideal client would live a life free from fear, worry, and insecurity.
My ideal client would be someone looking for help to tap into their personal inner strengths, and by maximizing those strengths, will discover peace, balance and self acceptance, in their everyday life. My ideal client would live a life free from fear, worry, and insecurity.
(920) 821-1473 x920 View (920) 821-1473 x920
Photo of Nicholas Salazar, Licensed Professional Counselor in Portage, WI
Nicholas Salazar
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Glendale, WI 53209
Are you feeling unsure of what to do or where to go next? Stuck in habits that have kept you safe but are wishing there may be some other way to live? If you feel like you may want to find a little bit more to enjoy out of life and to have a space to find support in putting down the weight of your day-to-day, to help learn new skills to manage stress, regulate emotions, and to explore the possibilities of a life worth living then you’ve come to the right place. Whether it's a space to talk things through, or explore new ideas, I'd be more than happy to help where I can. Currently my most common availability is every other week.
Are you feeling unsure of what to do or where to go next? Stuck in habits that have kept you safe but are wishing there may be some other way to live? If you feel like you may want to find a little bit more to enjoy out of life and to have a space to find support in putting down the weight of your day-to-day, to help learn new skills to manage stress, regulate emotions, and to explore the possibilities of a life worth living then you’ve come to the right place. Whether it's a space to talk things through, or explore new ideas, I'd be more than happy to help where I can. Currently my most common availability is every other week.
(414) 667-6101 View (414) 667-6101
Photo of Lilly Risch, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Portage, WI
Lilly Risch
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Wauwatosa, WI 53213
I offer a nonjudgmental and compassionate space for my clients to explore their emotions and beliefs, and I work collaboratively with them to guide them through the healing process. Through EMDR therapy, we can work together to desensitize and reprocess traumatic memories, allowing for adaptive resolution and growth. I also incorporate other therapeutic modalities as needed to support my clients in their healing journey. It is my belief that everyone has the capacity to heal and overcome the impact of trauma, and I am dedicated to supporting my clients in reaching their full potential.
I offer a nonjudgmental and compassionate space for my clients to explore their emotions and beliefs, and I work collaboratively with them to guide them through the healing process. Through EMDR therapy, we can work together to desensitize and reprocess traumatic memories, allowing for adaptive resolution and growth. I also incorporate other therapeutic modalities as needed to support my clients in their healing journey. It is my belief that everyone has the capacity to heal and overcome the impact of trauma, and I am dedicated to supporting my clients in reaching their full potential.
(262) 205-7849 View (262) 205-7849
Photo of Denis Ian Jackson, Psychologist in Portage, WI
Denis Ian Jackson
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Wauwatosa, WI 53226
I have thirty years of experience as a professional counselor and have been a psychologist since 1996. I graduated in 1993 from Marquette University with a doctorate in psychology. I have experience with diverse populations: developmental disabilities, geriatric, ADHD, history of trauma, attachment-focused therapy for parents, teens, adults, LGBT persons, and trauma victims. Certified therapy training in hypnosis (diplomate), EMDR, cognitive-behavior therapy, American board of vocational experts (past diplomate).
I have thirty years of experience as a professional counselor and have been a psychologist since 1996. I graduated in 1993 from Marquette University with a doctorate in psychology. I have experience with diverse populations: developmental disabilities, geriatric, ADHD, history of trauma, attachment-focused therapy for parents, teens, adults, LGBT persons, and trauma victims. Certified therapy training in hypnosis (diplomate), EMDR, cognitive-behavior therapy, American board of vocational experts (past diplomate).
(414) 369-2924 View (414) 369-2924
Photo of Jess Pliszka, Licensed Professional Counselor in Portage, WI
Jess Pliszka
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
12 Endorsed
Milwaukee, WI 53202  (Online Only)
Are you a high-performing adult woman (or AFAB) questioning Autism or ADHD? Do you feel different than everyone else, like you're not "normal?" Do feel socially awkward and experience sensory concerns? You are hardworking and goal-oriented, but often feel overwhelmed to the point of feeling like you are having a meltdown. You strive to put your needs first, but struggle with perfectionism and self-limiting beliefs. It’s exhausting feeling out of control, but the good news is, together, we can help you discover your authentic self, accommodate your own needs, and develop effective coping skills so you can excel in life.
Are you a high-performing adult woman (or AFAB) questioning Autism or ADHD? Do you feel different than everyone else, like you're not "normal?" Do feel socially awkward and experience sensory concerns? You are hardworking and goal-oriented, but often feel overwhelmed to the point of feeling like you are having a meltdown. You strive to put your needs first, but struggle with perfectionism and self-limiting beliefs. It’s exhausting feeling out of control, but the good news is, together, we can help you discover your authentic self, accommodate your own needs, and develop effective coping skills so you can excel in life.
(414) 206-1149 View (414) 206-1149
Photo of Rich R Brendle, Counselor in Portage, WI
Rich R Brendle
Counselor, MA, LPC-IT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Fond Du Lac, WI 54935
Some people, including myself, have had a point in life where they feel there is something more in life, but don't know how to get there. Others may have gotten to a point where they don't feel they have potential. No matter where you are at-broken, stuck, or just feel you need someone to guide you in your journey, I can help you. I love to work with people people through their struggles by taking a relational and evidence based approach that focuses on using ones strength to accomplish their purpose. When one learns to use their strengths, they often feel happier and become more successful.
Some people, including myself, have had a point in life where they feel there is something more in life, but don't know how to get there. Others may have gotten to a point where they don't feel they have potential. No matter where you are at-broken, stuck, or just feel you need someone to guide you in your journey, I can help you. I love to work with people people through their struggles by taking a relational and evidence based approach that focuses on using ones strength to accomplish their purpose. When one learns to use their strengths, they often feel happier and become more successful.
(920) 245-8379 View (920) 245-8379

See more therapy options for Portage

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Portage, WI

< 10

Therapists in Portage, WI who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Anxiety
89% Depression
78% Grief
67% Trauma and PTSD
67% Divorce
67% Anger Management

Average years in practice

18 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% The Alliance
89% BlueCross and BlueShield
89% MultiPlan

How Therapists in Portage, WI see their clients

89% In Person and Online
11% Online Only

Gender breakdown

58% Female
42% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Portage?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.