Therapists in Stillwater, OK

Photo of Martha Higgins - Focusing On Trauma Anxiety Depression, LCSW, EMDR, IFS, MBST, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Martha Higgins - Focusing On Trauma Anxiety Depression
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, EMDR, IFS, MBST
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Stillwater, OK 74074  (Online Only)
Do you find yourself struggling with finding clarity due to trauma, feeling like you don’t understand who you are, having feelings of worthlessness and like your relationships aren’t satisfying? Anxiety, depression, trauma, relationship/intimacy difficulties, parenting concerns, self-esteem, impulse control and lack of motivation can be hard to overcome on your own. Maybe you find yourself frustrated and want to give up because changing how you’re responding to others and even yourself seems impossible. This is the place for you to better know the life you’re leading now, deal with complex trauma, phobias and life stressors.
Do you find yourself struggling with finding clarity due to trauma, feeling like you don’t understand who you are, having feelings of worthlessness and like your relationships aren’t satisfying? Anxiety, depression, trauma, relationship/intimacy difficulties, parenting concerns, self-esteem, impulse control and lack of motivation can be hard to overcome on your own. Maybe you find yourself frustrated and want to give up because changing how you’re responding to others and even yourself seems impossible. This is the place for you to better know the life you’re leading now, deal with complex trauma, phobias and life stressors.
(405) 704-3473 View (405) 704-3473
Photo of Marie Abraham-Robinson, MS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Marie Abraham-Robinson
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Stillwater, OK 74075
My ideal client is a person who wants to be heard and supported. He/she may be struggling with depression, anxiety, or life's stressors, intending to figure out ways to adjust and heal. I enjoy hearing people's experiences and helping them navigate and explore solutions to issues that affect them. My ideal client maybe a couple who had a strong relationship, but have drifted apart, lost interest, couldn't communicate, and wants to strengthen and rebuild their relationship. Equally important, my ideal client may be a family, who recognized that their family systems patterns are unhealthy. They want to thrive, and I want to help.
My ideal client is a person who wants to be heard and supported. He/she may be struggling with depression, anxiety, or life's stressors, intending to figure out ways to adjust and heal. I enjoy hearing people's experiences and helping them navigate and explore solutions to issues that affect them. My ideal client maybe a couple who had a strong relationship, but have drifted apart, lost interest, couldn't communicate, and wants to strengthen and rebuild their relationship. Equally important, my ideal client may be a family, who recognized that their family systems patterns are unhealthy. They want to thrive, and I want to help.
(405) 369-5527 View (405) 369-5527
Photo of Laura Black, MA, LPC, LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Laura Black
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, LLC
Verified Verified
Stillwater, OK 74075
Clients come into counseling for many reasons. Those who have not had the opportunity to attend counseling previously may feel anxious. "Here I am meeting a stranger to tell them my life." "I'm not sure what I'm supposed to say. Do I have to tell everything?" "I'm not sure why I feel so bad." "Why do these thoughts keep going around in my head?"
Clients come into counseling for many reasons. Those who have not had the opportunity to attend counseling previously may feel anxious. "Here I am meeting a stranger to tell them my life." "I'm not sure what I'm supposed to say. Do I have to tell everything?" "I'm not sure why I feel so bad." "Why do these thoughts keep going around in my head?"
(405) 725-2867 View (405) 725-2867
Photo of Michelle Smith, LMHC, MS, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Michelle Smith
Licensed Professional Counselor, LMHC, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Stillwater, OK 74074  (Online Only)
Welcome to your new beginning! You're doing the best you can, AND you can do better! If you have found yourself struggling with life maybe it's time to allow me to support you through your self-exploration journey. I believe everyone has the potential to manifest a life worth living, and I would love to help you take the steps towards making your vision your reality. I provide a client-centered, non-judgmental approach and will meet you where you are at to help support you to reaching those goals!
Welcome to your new beginning! You're doing the best you can, AND you can do better! If you have found yourself struggling with life maybe it's time to allow me to support you through your self-exploration journey. I believe everyone has the potential to manifest a life worth living, and I would love to help you take the steps towards making your vision your reality. I provide a client-centered, non-judgmental approach and will meet you where you are at to help support you to reaching those goals!
(405) 829-6504 View (405) 829-6504
Photo of Zachary A. Walling, MA, Licensed Professional Counselor
Zachary A. Walling
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Stillwater, OK 74074
Sometimes, when the unexpected happens our worlds seem to change. Making sense of what happened can be overwhelming and leave us feeling numb, angry, or fearful. We often resort to isolating ourselves and shutting the doors on things that previously brought us joy. Perhaps we feel on high alert with a constant need to monitor the safety of ourselves and our loved ones. We want peace of mind and relief, but it feels out of reach.
Sometimes, when the unexpected happens our worlds seem to change. Making sense of what happened can be overwhelming and leave us feeling numb, angry, or fearful. We often resort to isolating ourselves and shutting the doors on things that previously brought us joy. Perhaps we feel on high alert with a constant need to monitor the safety of ourselves and our loved ones. We want peace of mind and relief, but it feels out of reach.
(405) 351-7131 View (405) 351-7131
Photo of Preston Morgan, PhD, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Preston Morgan
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, LMFT
Verified Verified
Stillwater, OK 74075
Couples often struggle to navigate challenging situations and differences. It's easy to feel alone, isolated, hurt, betrayed, and frustrated during these times. Despite these challenges, it's normal for partners to also desire resolutions, relief, growth, and connection with each other.
Couples often struggle to navigate challenging situations and differences. It's easy to feel alone, isolated, hurt, betrayed, and frustrated during these times. Despite these challenges, it's normal for partners to also desire resolutions, relief, growth, and connection with each other.
(405) 870-1298 View (405) 870-1298
Photo of Peggy L Ferguson - Peggy L. Ferguson, PhD, LADC, LMFT, PhD, Marriage & Family Therapist
Peggy L. Ferguson, PhD, LADC, LMFT
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD
Verified Verified
Stillwater, OK 74074  (Online Only)
Throughout my 40-year psychotherapy practice, I've guided countless individuals toward recovery and self-discovery. My mission is to support personal growth, treat distress, and empower individuals facing challenges. Whether addressing addiction, psychological hurdles, relationship happiness, or personal development, I'm here as a therapeutic guide, tutor, mentor, and clinician. I aim to provide knowledge and support, empowering you on your journey of self-discovery, recovery, and personal evolution.
Throughout my 40-year psychotherapy practice, I've guided countless individuals toward recovery and self-discovery. My mission is to support personal growth, treat distress, and empower individuals facing challenges. Whether addressing addiction, psychological hurdles, relationship happiness, or personal development, I'm here as a therapeutic guide, tutor, mentor, and clinician. I aim to provide knowledge and support, empowering you on your journey of self-discovery, recovery, and personal evolution.
(405) 873-7158 View (405) 873-7158
Photo of Jocelyn Harper, MBA, MPC, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Jocelyn Harper
Licensed Professional Counselor, MBA, MPC, LPC
Verified Verified
Stillwater, OK 74074
Do you feel like your world is spinning out of control and you have lost your direction? Do life's problems seem overwhelming? While I may not be an expert on your life, I can offer you an unbiased perspective and an ear to listen. I believe therapy is unique to the individual and everybody seeks therapy for different reasons. I didn't come to this profession because I have never faced adversity. I came to this profession to use my past experiences to help you on your journey. I would love the opportunity to meet you and visit! ❤ Book online https://jocelyn-harper.clientsecure.me
Do you feel like your world is spinning out of control and you have lost your direction? Do life's problems seem overwhelming? While I may not be an expert on your life, I can offer you an unbiased perspective and an ear to listen. I believe therapy is unique to the individual and everybody seeks therapy for different reasons. I didn't come to this profession because I have never faced adversity. I came to this profession to use my past experiences to help you on your journey. I would love the opportunity to meet you and visit! ❤ Book online https://jocelyn-harper.clientsecure.me
(405) 351-6189 View (405) 351-6189
Photo of Emma Johnson Austin, LMFT-C, Pre-Licensed Professional
Emma Johnson Austin
Pre-Licensed Professional, LMFT-C
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Stillwater, OK 74075
Hello! I am a candidate for licensure as a marriage and family therapist in the state of Oklahoma. I specialize in working with children and adolescents and their families, especially in the areas of parent-child conflict, behavioral challenges, developmental transitions, and difficulty adjusting to life changes. I believe that change is more effective, and problems solved, when the child and their parents/caregivers (and any other available/applicable members of the family system) are present and engaged in therapy. I also work with couples, especially those experiencing communication challenges.
Hello! I am a candidate for licensure as a marriage and family therapist in the state of Oklahoma. I specialize in working with children and adolescents and their families, especially in the areas of parent-child conflict, behavioral challenges, developmental transitions, and difficulty adjusting to life changes. I believe that change is more effective, and problems solved, when the child and their parents/caregivers (and any other available/applicable members of the family system) are present and engaged in therapy. I also work with couples, especially those experiencing communication challenges.
(405) 873-6786 View (405) 873-6786
Photo of Johnny R Cawlfield - JCTherapy, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
JCTherapy
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Stillwater, OK 74075
As a practical, interactive, solution-focused therapist, my treatment approach is to provide support and practical feedback to help clients resolve current problems and long-standing patterns. With sensitivity and compassion, I help clients find solutions to a wide range of life challenges and psychological issues. Blending conventional and alternative approaches, I draw on a variety of styles and techniques to incorporate what will be most helpful for each client. I work with each client to help them build on their strengths to identify and achieve life goals.
As a practical, interactive, solution-focused therapist, my treatment approach is to provide support and practical feedback to help clients resolve current problems and long-standing patterns. With sensitivity and compassion, I help clients find solutions to a wide range of life challenges and psychological issues. Blending conventional and alternative approaches, I draw on a variety of styles and techniques to incorporate what will be most helpful for each client. I work with each client to help them build on their strengths to identify and achieve life goals.
(405) 309-9983 View (405) 309-9983
Photo of Garrett Pollert, PhD, Psychologist
Garrett Pollert
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Stillwater, OK 74076
I am a clinical psychologist able to treat a variety of issues, including anxiety, depression, eating disorders, binge eating, and trauma. All treatments are based on Cognitive Behavior Therapy principles and are structured individually to your needs. I provide an open, safe, non-judgmental space where we can collaboratively work to reduce your symptoms and improve your life. In treatment, we set individualized goals, create a treatment plan specific to your needs, and focus on the most effective and up-to-date treatment methods for the difficulties you've been experiencing.
I am a clinical psychologist able to treat a variety of issues, including anxiety, depression, eating disorders, binge eating, and trauma. All treatments are based on Cognitive Behavior Therapy principles and are structured individually to your needs. I provide an open, safe, non-judgmental space where we can collaboratively work to reduce your symptoms and improve your life. In treatment, we set individualized goals, create a treatment plan specific to your needs, and focus on the most effective and up-to-date treatment methods for the difficulties you've been experiencing.
(405) 356-6045 View (405) 356-6045
Photo of Desiree Cassandra Ingram, MS, LMFT-S, RPT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Desiree Cassandra Ingram
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT-S, RPT
Verified Verified
Stillwater, OK 74075
I am a Marriage and Family Therapist that has been in practice for 41 years and in that time I have developed an eclectic approach to working with many issues. I consider myself flexible and accommodating as it pertains to the individual needs of my clients because I work within their system of values and beliefs. I offer Individual, couple, marital and family sessions. As a Registered Play Therapist, I provide a Prescriptive Approach to working with 3-12 year old clients. I have a working knowledge of many different mental health issues but I am more likely than not to refer someone with a Drug and Alcohol Addiction to a colleague.
I am a Marriage and Family Therapist that has been in practice for 41 years and in that time I have developed an eclectic approach to working with many issues. I consider myself flexible and accommodating as it pertains to the individual needs of my clients because I work within their system of values and beliefs. I offer Individual, couple, marital and family sessions. As a Registered Play Therapist, I provide a Prescriptive Approach to working with 3-12 year old clients. I have a working knowledge of many different mental health issues but I am more likely than not to refer someone with a Drug and Alcohol Addiction to a colleague.
(405) 673-6867 View (405) 673-6867
Photo of Vickie Benton, MSBS, LPC-S, Licensed Professional Counselor
Vickie Benton
Licensed Professional Counselor, MSBS, LPC-S
Verified Verified
Stillwater, OK 74074
Whether you are experiencing relationship distress, life changes, or just not living the life you would like to be living, therapy can help. Creating change in your life can be exciting, scary, hopeful, and challenging. My goal is to create a supportive, non-judgmental and collaborative client/therapist partnership in which you can begin to make changes. If your hope is to find more peace, joy, and balance in life — with greater fulfillment and connection in relationships, I can help.
Whether you are experiencing relationship distress, life changes, or just not living the life you would like to be living, therapy can help. Creating change in your life can be exciting, scary, hopeful, and challenging. My goal is to create a supportive, non-judgmental and collaborative client/therapist partnership in which you can begin to make changes. If your hope is to find more peace, joy, and balance in life — with greater fulfillment and connection in relationships, I can help.
(405) 289-8457 View (405) 289-8457
Photo of Melissa Williams, NCC, LPC, LADC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Melissa Williams
Licensed Professional Counselor, NCC, LPC, LADC
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Stillwater, OK 74075
Not accepting new clients
Not accepting new clients at this time. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor and Licensed Alcohol and Drug Counselor working with individuals, couples, and families in a private practice setting at Stillwater Mental Health. As a counselor, I am passionate about people and my work as a therapist.
Not accepting new clients at this time. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor and Licensed Alcohol and Drug Counselor working with individuals, couples, and families in a private practice setting at Stillwater Mental Health. As a counselor, I am passionate about people and my work as a therapist.
(405) 547-3441 View (405) 547-3441
Photo of Brenda Thompson - Brenda Thompson, MS, LPC, LMFT, LPC, LMFT, NBCC, Marriage & Family Therapist
Brenda Thompson, MS, LPC, LMFT
Marriage & Family Therapist, LPC, LMFT, NBCC
Verified Verified
Stillwater, OK 74074  (Online Only)
Upon retirement from public education in 2010, I embraced the opportunity to open a faith-based Christian counseling practice. It is a humbling experience to develop a counseling relationship with many different people from varied backgrounds. My heart's desire is to provide support and hope for families dealing with relational issues, marital, parenting and life changing events. Counseling services are offered to adults, adolescents, and children focused on emotional, mental, physical and spiritual aspects. Clients are provided an opportunity for faith-based, christian perspective with biblical principals for hope & healing!
Upon retirement from public education in 2010, I embraced the opportunity to open a faith-based Christian counseling practice. It is a humbling experience to develop a counseling relationship with many different people from varied backgrounds. My heart's desire is to provide support and hope for families dealing with relational issues, marital, parenting and life changing events. Counseling services are offered to adults, adolescents, and children focused on emotional, mental, physical and spiritual aspects. Clients are provided an opportunity for faith-based, christian perspective with biblical principals for hope & healing!
(405) 657-5123 View (405) 657-5123
Photo of Megan Hobart - Megan Hobart, MS, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Megan Hobart
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Stillwater, OK 74075
Not accepting new clients
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor working in the Stillwater area specializing in individual treatment for a variety of concerns and lifestyles. I obtained a Masters degree in Counseling from a multiculturally sensitive and CACREP accredited program at Oklahoma State University. It is my pleasure to assist others in developing skills, owning their stories and improving quality of life for those who strive to do just that. If you are in need of reduced fee services and are interested in working with a supervised intern you please reach out to schedule an appointment.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor working in the Stillwater area specializing in individual treatment for a variety of concerns and lifestyles. I obtained a Masters degree in Counseling from a multiculturally sensitive and CACREP accredited program at Oklahoma State University. It is my pleasure to assist others in developing skills, owning their stories and improving quality of life for those who strive to do just that. If you are in need of reduced fee services and are interested in working with a supervised intern you please reach out to schedule an appointment.
(405) 896-3860 View (405) 896-3860
Photo of Jason Kent White - Jason K. White, Ph.D., PhD, Psychologist
Jason K. White, Ph.D.
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Stillwater, OK 74074
I use a collaborative approach in which we work together to establish goals, make a plan for treatment, and continue to partner together in the process of counseling. I ask you to be responsible for whatever content you want to talk about at any given time, and I focus on the way we discuss your concerns so that it helps to build a trusting relationship so you can express your true feelings, find solutions for dealing with stressors, learn more about yourself, and get symptom relief.
I use a collaborative approach in which we work together to establish goals, make a plan for treatment, and continue to partner together in the process of counseling. I ask you to be responsible for whatever content you want to talk about at any given time, and I focus on the way we discuss your concerns so that it helps to build a trusting relationship so you can express your true feelings, find solutions for dealing with stressors, learn more about yourself, and get symptom relief.
(405) 451-2058 View (405) 451-2058
Photo of Carrie Brown, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Carrie Brown
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Stillwater, OK 74074  (Online Only)
Are you weary today? Have you ever felt like no one could see or hear you? Like you were alone in a sea of hurt, confusion and sadness? Has anxiety got you trapped in a prison? I want to welcome you to a safe place where all of those thoughts, feelings and emotions are accepted as valid. I want to hear your full story and provide a safe, non-judgmental, listening ear for you in this time. Together, we will work to make sense of those feelings that are often so deep that you are exhausted all the way to your soul. We will lament and celebrate together. That path to healing can begin today.
Are you weary today? Have you ever felt like no one could see or hear you? Like you were alone in a sea of hurt, confusion and sadness? Has anxiety got you trapped in a prison? I want to welcome you to a safe place where all of those thoughts, feelings and emotions are accepted as valid. I want to hear your full story and provide a safe, non-judgmental, listening ear for you in this time. Together, we will work to make sense of those feelings that are often so deep that you are exhausted all the way to your soul. We will lament and celebrate together. That path to healing can begin today.
(918) 235-1441 View (918) 235-1441
Photo of Melinda Schuster, MA, LPC-S, PMH-C, Licensed Professional Counselor
Melinda Schuster
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC-S, PMH-C
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Stillwater, OK 74074
I’m guessing, those crap moments of life are getting the best of you. They bring chaos that can suck the life out of us and literally ruin some or all areas we have worked so hard to be successful in; relationships, career growth, raising amazing kids, or even the small things like keeping the kitchen clean, not being late to work, brushing our teeth like we have been told our entire lives. Being consistently overwhelmed can create anxiety or depression, which often turns into isolation and irritation; and we become our worst critics. As you try to do all the things to manage life, there is still no relief.
I’m guessing, those crap moments of life are getting the best of you. They bring chaos that can suck the life out of us and literally ruin some or all areas we have worked so hard to be successful in; relationships, career growth, raising amazing kids, or even the small things like keeping the kitchen clean, not being late to work, brushing our teeth like we have been told our entire lives. Being consistently overwhelmed can create anxiety or depression, which often turns into isolation and irritation; and we become our worst critics. As you try to do all the things to manage life, there is still no relief.
(405) 331-6984 View (405) 331-6984
Photo of Brad Epperson, MS, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Brad Epperson
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Stillwater, OK 74075
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor in practice since 2006. I am now in a private practice setting, taking adult and young adult clients to address emotional, behavioral, and relational needs. My primary focus is on impacting individuals, couples, and families. I also provide tele-health services to accommodate the needs of my clients.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor in practice since 2006. I am now in a private practice setting, taking adult and young adult clients to address emotional, behavioral, and relational needs. My primary focus is on impacting individuals, couples, and families. I also provide tele-health services to accommodate the needs of my clients.
(405) 451-4305 View (405) 451-4305
1

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Stillwater, OK

30+

Average cost per session

$140

Therapists in Stillwater, OK who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
92% Depression
75% Relationship Issues
72% Self Esteem
61% Trauma and PTSD
61% Family Conflict
61% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

77% Health Choice
65% BlueCross and BlueShield
54% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Stillwater, OK see their clients

73% In Person and Online
27% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
20% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Stillwater?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.