Therapists in Elgin, IL

Photo of George W Liebert, LCPC, MS, NCC
George W Liebert
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, LCPC, MS, NCC
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Elgin, IL 60123
Life is complicated and it often leaves us feeling out of control. This feeling of being powerless can lead to suffering, and forces us to make changes in order to go on. That's what I do; I help people with making changes, whether they are trying to change their thoughts, feelings or behavior. I utilize an integrative approach to therapy focused on the personal needs and strengths of my clients. The work is rooted in building a strong relationship based on trust, understanding, and respect, that challenges individuals to learn about themselves, and to use that knowledge to implement meaningful changes in their lives.
Life is complicated and it often leaves us feeling out of control. This feeling of being powerless can lead to suffering, and forces us to make changes in order to go on. That's what I do; I help people with making changes, whether they are trying to change their thoughts, feelings or behavior. I utilize an integrative approach to therapy focused on the personal needs and strengths of my clients. The work is rooted in building a strong relationship based on trust, understanding, and respect, that challenges individuals to learn about themselves, and to use that knowledge to implement meaningful changes in their lives.
(630) 354-0832 View (630) 354-0832
Photo of Lauren Campbell, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lauren Campbell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Elgin, IL 60120
Coming to therapy can be an intimidating process. I do my best to make my clients feel comfortable whether we are meeting online or in person. The last thing people want is an uptight, professional that makes them feel like they need to censor themselves. I am conversational, warm, and look forward to developing a therapeutic relationship with adolescent and adult clientele. I pride myself on being non-judgmental and create a safe space where clients can be vulnerable to share anything they may need to - expletives and all.
Coming to therapy can be an intimidating process. I do my best to make my clients feel comfortable whether we are meeting online or in person. The last thing people want is an uptight, professional that makes them feel like they need to censor themselves. I am conversational, warm, and look forward to developing a therapeutic relationship with adolescent and adult clientele. I pride myself on being non-judgmental and create a safe space where clients can be vulnerable to share anything they may need to - expletives and all.
(847) 233-1377 View (847) 233-1377
Photo of Elizabeth Jackson, Pre-Licensed Professional
Elizabeth Jackson
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
Elgin, IL 60120
Life is made up of shaping experiences. Some of those events shape us for the better and other incidents leave scars that are hard to walk away from. As you consider whether counseling is for you, my hope would be that you know that you matter and deserve to be cared for. You do not have to face those experiences alone. For whichever reason has you on this page reading therapy bios, I hope you will see myself and this team at Rally Point Counseling as advocates that will partner with you in pursuing changes that will help you successfully get to your desired outcomes.
Life is made up of shaping experiences. Some of those events shape us for the better and other incidents leave scars that are hard to walk away from. As you consider whether counseling is for you, my hope would be that you know that you matter and deserve to be cared for. You do not have to face those experiences alone. For whichever reason has you on this page reading therapy bios, I hope you will see myself and this team at Rally Point Counseling as advocates that will partner with you in pursuing changes that will help you successfully get to your desired outcomes.
(630) 345-8642 View (630) 345-8642
Photo of (Patricia) Michelle Hudson, MA, NCC, LCPC, Counselor
(Patricia) Michelle Hudson
Counselor, MA, NCC, LCPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Elgin, IL 60124
Not accepting new clients
Our world has changed radically in a very short time. The pandemic has created new problems and magnified existing ones. Our interactions with others, even within our families, have changed out of necessity. We live with uncertainty, fear, and anxiety. The "normal" that we knew before, has changed. Stress has taken on bigger proportions. Our mental health, our sense of security may be severely taxed. For this reason, I provide telehealth sessions through Zoom No need to come to an office for counseling when we can still "meet" face-to-face. Call to set up an appointment. I look forward to hearing from you!
Our world has changed radically in a very short time. The pandemic has created new problems and magnified existing ones. Our interactions with others, even within our families, have changed out of necessity. We live with uncertainty, fear, and anxiety. The "normal" that we knew before, has changed. Stress has taken on bigger proportions. Our mental health, our sense of security may be severely taxed. For this reason, I provide telehealth sessions through Zoom No need to come to an office for counseling when we can still "meet" face-to-face. Call to set up an appointment. I look forward to hearing from you!
(224) 676-9319 View (224) 676-9319
Photo of Janet Mullen, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Janet Mullen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Elgin, IL 60124  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Every person considering therapy is unique - you might be a parent looking for ways to manage your child's behavior, or a child with low self-esteem, someone trying to put a difficult past to rest, or struggling with anxiety and depression. What's important is that you feel a warm, safe and accepting atmosphere to begin sorting out your life, finding balance and a way forward. It's my goal to provide that place of safety and acceptance, then offer you choices of therapy models. There are many paths to change; we'll find the right fit for you.
Every person considering therapy is unique - you might be a parent looking for ways to manage your child's behavior, or a child with low self-esteem, someone trying to put a difficult past to rest, or struggling with anxiety and depression. What's important is that you feel a warm, safe and accepting atmosphere to begin sorting out your life, finding balance and a way forward. It's my goal to provide that place of safety and acceptance, then offer you choices of therapy models. There are many paths to change; we'll find the right fit for you.
(630) 517-9505 View (630) 517-9505
Photo of Lindsay Keisman, LCPC, Counselor
Lindsay Keisman
Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Elgin, IL 60123
All people have THAT moment. The big one, where we question if we are with the right person. We find ourselves loving someone, but falling into a pattern that we can't find our way out of. Communication, betrayals, falling out of sync, the fights that lead nowhere, someone shutting down, lack of emotional or physical intimacy, or not seeing eye to eye on important issues are all reasons people can benefit from an intensive look into their relationship. You want your person to be "your" person again. To love openly with affection, but also with the ability to resolve conflicts is what I wish for each couple I work with.
All people have THAT moment. The big one, where we question if we are with the right person. We find ourselves loving someone, but falling into a pattern that we can't find our way out of. Communication, betrayals, falling out of sync, the fights that lead nowhere, someone shutting down, lack of emotional or physical intimacy, or not seeing eye to eye on important issues are all reasons people can benefit from an intensive look into their relationship. You want your person to be "your" person again. To love openly with affection, but also with the ability to resolve conflicts is what I wish for each couple I work with.
(815) 664-3005 View (815) 664-3005
Photo of Dr. Eleni Malamis, PsyD, MA, Psychologist
Dr. Eleni Malamis
Psychologist, PsyD, MA
Verified Verified
Elgin, IL 60120
I am a licensed clinical psychologist who offers professional yet warm and caring help to those struggling with life's challenges. I have devoted my clinical work to assisting adult individuals with a broad spectrum of concerns. Specifically, I enjoy working with individuals in the following areas: depression, anxiety, substance abuse, life transitions, low self-esteem, communication, and relationship concerns.
I am a licensed clinical psychologist who offers professional yet warm and caring help to those struggling with life's challenges. I have devoted my clinical work to assisting adult individuals with a broad spectrum of concerns. Specifically, I enjoy working with individuals in the following areas: depression, anxiety, substance abuse, life transitions, low self-esteem, communication, and relationship concerns.
(630) 506-3906 View (630) 506-3906
Photo of Kristina Seydlitz, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kristina Seydlitz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Elgin, IL 60124
As a therapist, it is my mission for my patients to experience full-body wellness. I want to help clients reach their potential and work to overcome their challenges. Therapy can help you find new tools, skills, and knowledge to deal with difficult circumstances in life. I hope that in your search for finding a therapist, you can connect with that individual.
As a therapist, it is my mission for my patients to experience full-body wellness. I want to help clients reach their potential and work to overcome their challenges. Therapy can help you find new tools, skills, and knowledge to deal with difficult circumstances in life. I hope that in your search for finding a therapist, you can connect with that individual.
(847) 865-4838 View (847) 865-4838
Photo of Cheryl Renee Runion, MA, LCPC, LSOE, LSOTP, CADC, Counselor
Cheryl Renee Runion
Counselor, MA, LCPC, LSOE, LSOTP, CADC
Verified Verified
Elgin, IL 60120
I have 38 yrs of success working with various diverse populations; focused on using innovative methods to design therapy around individual, family and couples needs & life goals. I am invested in helping my clients overcome personal struggles and succeed in achieving their goals and desired changes. I enjoy working with teens/young adults and their families and are successful in guiding the family system through the tough journey of adolescence and launching into independence. I use new concepts in the M.H. field to adapt therapy to individual client needs as changes in our society create new clinical concerns in our daily lives.
I have 38 yrs of success working with various diverse populations; focused on using innovative methods to design therapy around individual, family and couples needs & life goals. I am invested in helping my clients overcome personal struggles and succeed in achieving their goals and desired changes. I enjoy working with teens/young adults and their families and are successful in guiding the family system through the tough journey of adolescence and launching into independence. I use new concepts in the M.H. field to adapt therapy to individual client needs as changes in our society create new clinical concerns in our daily lives.
(847) 641-2372 x2 View (847) 641-2372 x2
Photo of Evy R Strohm - Pivotal Counseling Center, Pre-Licensed Professional
Pivotal Counseling Center
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Elgin, IL 60123
The ideal client seeks self-discovery, navigating challenges with openness. Their issues may include self-esteem and relationship struggles. They crave understanding, aiming for authentic connections and personal growth. Motivated by a desire for fulfillment, they aspire to build resilience and create a life aligned with their true values.
The ideal client seeks self-discovery, navigating challenges with openness. Their issues may include self-esteem and relationship struggles. They crave understanding, aiming for authentic connections and personal growth. Motivated by a desire for fulfillment, they aspire to build resilience and create a life aligned with their true values.
(224) 576-0653 View (224) 576-0653
Photo of Marissa Raglin, LCPC, Counselor
Marissa Raglin
Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
Elgin, IL 60120  (Online Only)
Hi, my name is Marissa! It is an honor to meet you. I am currently focused on offering mental health education to all! I firmly believe in the transformative power of psychoeducation, recognizing that by providing individuals with valuable insights and information, it can empower them to navigate life more effectively! From anxiety to depression to relational challenges to grief to growing pains - understanding a framework and techniques that can be applied directly into your life is what our sessions will be all about! We have our Think & Behave Better and Feeling & Being Better series for YOU to choose from!
Hi, my name is Marissa! It is an honor to meet you. I am currently focused on offering mental health education to all! I firmly believe in the transformative power of psychoeducation, recognizing that by providing individuals with valuable insights and information, it can empower them to navigate life more effectively! From anxiety to depression to relational challenges to grief to growing pains - understanding a framework and techniques that can be applied directly into your life is what our sessions will be all about! We have our Think & Behave Better and Feeling & Being Better series for YOU to choose from!
(630) 895-7568 View (630) 895-7568
Photo of Elizabeth Piazza, MA, LCPC
Elizabeth Piazza
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Elgin, IL 60123
I believe therapy is for everyone. There is no problem too big or small that can't be helped through therapy. My goal with all my clients is to create a safe, judgment-free space for self-exploration and healing. I’ve been a practicing Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor since 2015, after receiving my Master’s in Counseling from The Chicago School of Professional Psychology. I’ve worked extensively with clients experiencing anxiety, depression, bipolar, trauma, and substance abuse. I work with ages 12 and up. I am happy to meet in person or via telehealth to design a game plan to address your treatment goals.
I believe therapy is for everyone. There is no problem too big or small that can't be helped through therapy. My goal with all my clients is to create a safe, judgment-free space for self-exploration and healing. I’ve been a practicing Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor since 2015, after receiving my Master’s in Counseling from The Chicago School of Professional Psychology. I’ve worked extensively with clients experiencing anxiety, depression, bipolar, trauma, and substance abuse. I work with ages 12 and up. I am happy to meet in person or via telehealth to design a game plan to address your treatment goals.
(630) 332-3873 View (630) 332-3873
Photo of Rory F Jeanniton, LPC, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Rory F Jeanniton
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Elgin, IL 60120
Hi I’m Rory! I’m a Black – Hispanic, non Spanish speaking (so sorry) - Hetero – Cis Male (He/Him). I specialize in helping those who struggle with their own inner demons. My style is nonjudgmental, compassionate, and strength focused and I openly celebrate anybody who is working to level themselves up. Here you'll find nonjudgmental acceptance of whatever you bring in and a genuine desire to help you feel more at peace. I coach my clients to trust their gut more, accept themselves with compassion, and tolerate tough emotions and thoughts. My main goal is to help you learn what works for YOU.
Hi I’m Rory! I’m a Black – Hispanic, non Spanish speaking (so sorry) - Hetero – Cis Male (He/Him). I specialize in helping those who struggle with their own inner demons. My style is nonjudgmental, compassionate, and strength focused and I openly celebrate anybody who is working to level themselves up. Here you'll find nonjudgmental acceptance of whatever you bring in and a genuine desire to help you feel more at peace. I coach my clients to trust their gut more, accept themselves with compassion, and tolerate tough emotions and thoughts. My main goal is to help you learn what works for YOU.
(630) 812-1358 View (630) 812-1358
Photo of Jay Poland, MA, LCPC, Counselor
Jay Poland
Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified Verified
Elgin, IL 60123
Life can be difficult through the different seasons of life. Grief, Depression, Addiction, Social Skills, Communication, Parenting, Dating, Marriage and other issues seem to come up out of nowhere or we have just chosen to stuff the issues because we didn't know how to deal with them and now we cannot manage it anymore. I offer Biblically sound and professionally competent counseling for those that may be struggling or just feel that something may just not be right. I want encourage you take a step in faith and ask for the help you need.
Life can be difficult through the different seasons of life. Grief, Depression, Addiction, Social Skills, Communication, Parenting, Dating, Marriage and other issues seem to come up out of nowhere or we have just chosen to stuff the issues because we didn't know how to deal with them and now we cannot manage it anymore. I offer Biblically sound and professionally competent counseling for those that may be struggling or just feel that something may just not be right. I want encourage you take a step in faith and ask for the help you need.
(847) 457-0671 View (847) 457-0671
Photo of Haven James Winter, LSW, MSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Haven James Winter
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW, MSW
Verified Verified
Elgin, IL 60123
While I enjoy working with many individuals, my passion is the LGBTQIA2+ community (particularly transgender folks) providing a positive and affirming environment to explore identities and develop a strong sense of self. My approach is to help clients identify and utilize strengths while encouraging continued growth. I focus on assisting clients in setting attainable goals, improving communication, and learning skills to manage symptoms and decrease behaviors that may be harmful. I believe that identifying negative beliefs and patterns of behavior that prevent someone from being where they want to be is an essential part of therapy.
While I enjoy working with many individuals, my passion is the LGBTQIA2+ community (particularly transgender folks) providing a positive and affirming environment to explore identities and develop a strong sense of self. My approach is to help clients identify and utilize strengths while encouraging continued growth. I focus on assisting clients in setting attainable goals, improving communication, and learning skills to manage symptoms and decrease behaviors that may be harmful. I believe that identifying negative beliefs and patterns of behavior that prevent someone from being where they want to be is an essential part of therapy.
(224) 435-4648 View (224) 435-4648
Photo of Debbie Nazareth, MA, LPC, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Debbie Nazareth
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Elgin, IL 60120
Opening up to a stranger about your personal life can feel awkward and intimidating. If you're here, you've already shown incredible courage. Counseling can help you understand your experiences and emotions, provide valuable tools, and enable you to rewrite your story with compassion. I am dedicated to helping individuals grow in self-awareness, resilience, and authenticity.
Opening up to a stranger about your personal life can feel awkward and intimidating. If you're here, you've already shown incredible courage. Counseling can help you understand your experiences and emotions, provide valuable tools, and enable you to rewrite your story with compassion. I am dedicated to helping individuals grow in self-awareness, resilience, and authenticity.
(224) 293-6993 View (224) 293-6993
Photo of Magdalena Perez, PhD, Psychologist
Magdalena Perez
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Elgin, IL 60120
Dr. Magdalena Perez is a bilingual English-Spanish licensed clinical psychologist. Dr. Perez has over 15 years’ experience treating children, families and couples. She has treated a broad range of issues including anxiety, depression, ADHD, addiction, family conflict, marital distress, post-traumatic stress disorder, etc. Dr. Perez has received extensive training on providing culturally sensitive treatments and is published on Latinx mental health issues. Dr. Perez’s therapeutic style is warm, non-judgmental and transparent. She believes it is an honor to work with her clients and navigate through the heartaches of life.
Dr. Magdalena Perez is a bilingual English-Spanish licensed clinical psychologist. Dr. Perez has over 15 years’ experience treating children, families and couples. She has treated a broad range of issues including anxiety, depression, ADHD, addiction, family conflict, marital distress, post-traumatic stress disorder, etc. Dr. Perez has received extensive training on providing culturally sensitive treatments and is published on Latinx mental health issues. Dr. Perez’s therapeutic style is warm, non-judgmental and transparent. She believes it is an honor to work with her clients and navigate through the heartaches of life.
(224) 347-7304 View (224) 347-7304
Photo of Amy Bushey Juran, LCPC, CADC, MA, Counselor
Amy Bushey Juran
Counselor, LCPC, CADC, MA
Verified Verified
Elgin, IL 60123
New Beginnings strives to help you experience wholeness and live a fulfilled life. Each of us is offered an abundant life that fulfills our souls. I offer understanding and care that inspires hope through encouraging and equipping people to grow. Therapy within a supportive environment allows for people to experience genuinely being known. I seek to offer clients a new experience of peace and joy in the midst of change and trials that are painful. I get to support and see people making long-term changes that enhance their life, allow them to receive healing, unconditional love, and impact the lives of those around them.
New Beginnings strives to help you experience wholeness and live a fulfilled life. Each of us is offered an abundant life that fulfills our souls. I offer understanding and care that inspires hope through encouraging and equipping people to grow. Therapy within a supportive environment allows for people to experience genuinely being known. I seek to offer clients a new experience of peace and joy in the midst of change and trials that are painful. I get to support and see people making long-term changes that enhance their life, allow them to receive healing, unconditional love, and impact the lives of those around them.
(847) 986-8901 View (847) 986-8901
Photo of Amy Blossom (Reins Of Change), MA, LPC, NCC, Counselor
Amy Blossom (Reins Of Change)
Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Elgin, IL 60124
Are you open to trying new things to improve your life? I believe you have the ability to find your own solutions if you have a supportive counselor and an environment where you feel safe. We can work together to find your solutions and lasting change. Many of my clients have experienced difficult life transitions, are working through a past or recent trauma, and/or working on building a hopeful and confident future.
Are you open to trying new things to improve your life? I believe you have the ability to find your own solutions if you have a supportive counselor and an environment where you feel safe. We can work together to find your solutions and lasting change. Many of my clients have experienced difficult life transitions, are working through a past or recent trauma, and/or working on building a hopeful and confident future.
(224) 268-0182 View (224) 268-0182
Photo of Carolyn Goosby, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Carolyn Goosby
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Elgin, IL 60123
Hello, my name is Carolyn Goosby, and I am an experienced Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) and pastoral counselor with over 20 years of experience. Typically, I assist adult clients with grief, anxiety, depression, relationship or workplace issues, low self esteem issues, spiritual development, etc. I have a person centered approach and a non-judgmental stance. I'm resolution focused yet compassionate and at times utilize an eclectic situational framework.
Hello, my name is Carolyn Goosby, and I am an experienced Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) and pastoral counselor with over 20 years of experience. Typically, I assist adult clients with grief, anxiety, depression, relationship or workplace issues, low self esteem issues, spiritual development, etc. I have a person centered approach and a non-judgmental stance. I'm resolution focused yet compassionate and at times utilize an eclectic situational framework.
(773) 692-6287 View (773) 692-6287

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Elgin, IL

100+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Elgin, IL who prioritize treating:

88% Anxiety
84% Depression
75% Self Esteem
74% Relationship Issues
71% Trauma and PTSD
69% Coping Skills
64% Grief

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

97% BlueCross and BlueShield
69% Aetna
64% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Elgin, IL see their clients

76% In Person and Online
24% Online Only

Gender breakdown

79% Female
21% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Elgin?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.