Therapists in Illinois

View cities and counties in Illinois
Photo of Lynn S Underwood, Counselor in Illinois
Lynn S Underwood
Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Swansea, IL 62226
I am a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in a private practice setting. I want to provide support and guidance in a safe place for clients to heal and grow while setting goals and working towards those goals. I work from a Person-Centered, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy approach to help you better understand the way your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are intertwined. I want to help clients gain insight and coping skills to create change and self acceptance.
I am a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor in a private practice setting. I want to provide support and guidance in a safe place for clients to heal and grow while setting goals and working towards those goals. I work from a Person-Centered, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy approach to help you better understand the way your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are intertwined. I want to help clients gain insight and coping skills to create change and self acceptance.
(708) 793-8474 View (708) 793-8474
Photo of Tijen Dyson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Illinois
Tijen Dyson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60645  (Online Only)
I am accepting new clients. You are a whole and complete being - body, mind, and spirit. Anxiety, stress, depression, and overwhelm can cause you to feel isolated and disconnected from yourself and what's important to you in your life. In therapy, we'll draw on your strengths, goals and desires to support you in integrating all parts of yourself so you can feel like the complete being you are.
I am accepting new clients. You are a whole and complete being - body, mind, and spirit. Anxiety, stress, depression, and overwhelm can cause you to feel isolated and disconnected from yourself and what's important to you in your life. In therapy, we'll draw on your strengths, goals and desires to support you in integrating all parts of yourself so you can feel like the complete being you are.
(773) 923-2154 View (773) 923-2154
Photo of Kirsty MacPherson, Counselor in Illinois
Kirsty MacPherson
Counselor, MA, LCPC
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60661
I offer individual psychotherapy as well as family therapy in-office or through tele-health. I also offer equine therapy. The bond between humans and horses, under my guidance, becomes a gateway to healing and personal growth. I am deeply passionate about this profession and feel privileged to witness the positive impact it has on the lives of those I work with.
I offer individual psychotherapy as well as family therapy in-office or through tele-health. I also offer equine therapy. The bond between humans and horses, under my guidance, becomes a gateway to healing and personal growth. I am deeply passionate about this profession and feel privileged to witness the positive impact it has on the lives of those I work with.
(773) 694-4740 View (773) 694-4740
Photo of Lydia DeWyze, Licensed Professional Counselor in Illinois
Lydia DeWyze
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Palatine, IL 60067
We all arrive with a story. Stories shaped by our pasts and with hopes for the future. Our stories contain relationships, triumphs, failures. If you are here, perhaps you are hoping for something different in your next chapter. As your therapist, I will listen to your story nonjudgmentally, holding space for the pains and celebrating the joys. Using supportive and challenging reflection, we will explore obstacles that keep you stuck in a negative story. We will practice authoring change in the safety of the space we’ve created. Like any good story, there will be laughter and tears, and there will be a stronger character at the end.
We all arrive with a story. Stories shaped by our pasts and with hopes for the future. Our stories contain relationships, triumphs, failures. If you are here, perhaps you are hoping for something different in your next chapter. As your therapist, I will listen to your story nonjudgmentally, holding space for the pains and celebrating the joys. Using supportive and challenging reflection, we will explore obstacles that keep you stuck in a negative story. We will practice authoring change in the safety of the space we’ve created. Like any good story, there will be laughter and tears, and there will be a stronger character at the end.
(224) 207-4465 View (224) 207-4465
Photo of Holley Bloomfield, Licensed Professional Counselor in Illinois
Holley Bloomfield
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, NCC, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oak Brook, IL 60523
Holley earned her Bachelor of Science in Criminal Justice and Psychology, from Grambling State University and her Master of Arts in Professional Counseling from Liberty University. Holley is a National Certified Counselor (NCC) and a Licensed Professional Counselor, (LPC) with 15 years of substantial experience with children & families, adolescents, adults, and geriatric populations. Holley finds fulfillment in providing healing and hope to those with social and emotional challenges, grief & loss, mental illness, and behavioral health crises.
Holley earned her Bachelor of Science in Criminal Justice and Psychology, from Grambling State University and her Master of Arts in Professional Counseling from Liberty University. Holley is a National Certified Counselor (NCC) and a Licensed Professional Counselor, (LPC) with 15 years of substantial experience with children & families, adolescents, adults, and geriatric populations. Holley finds fulfillment in providing healing and hope to those with social and emotional challenges, grief & loss, mental illness, and behavioral health crises.
View
Photo of Yolanda Reyes, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Illinois
Yolanda Reyes
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MSW
Verified Verified
Oak Park, IL 60301
Hello, I am a licensed psychotherapist with a Master of Social Work degree with an emphasis in Children and Families from Loyola University of Chicago. As a young professional, mother of 3, and a wife in a blended family, I am well acquainted with the challenges faced by individuals and couples as they begin careers, endeavor to develop friendships, foster long-term relationships, and step into marriage and parenting. I aim to provide a warm and safe space where individuals and couples can feel supported as they explore options, process life's challenges, and find clarity, peace, harmony, and joy in the midst of life's struggles.
Hello, I am a licensed psychotherapist with a Master of Social Work degree with an emphasis in Children and Families from Loyola University of Chicago. As a young professional, mother of 3, and a wife in a blended family, I am well acquainted with the challenges faced by individuals and couples as they begin careers, endeavor to develop friendships, foster long-term relationships, and step into marriage and parenting. I aim to provide a warm and safe space where individuals and couples can feel supported as they explore options, process life's challenges, and find clarity, peace, harmony, and joy in the midst of life's struggles.
(872) 259-9687 View (872) 259-9687
Photo of Jess Broschart, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Illinois
Jess Broschart
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60601
As a therapist, researcher, and pleasure activist I strive to create a safe, accessible environment for you to connect with and express your most authentic self. During sessions, your trust and safety are priorities for me. I practice from a relational and client-centered framework, understanding that you are the expert in your own experience. With my warm and direct approach, I seek to ask the right questions to help you make new connections and provide a fresh perspective. I have experience supporting clients through gender-identity development, C-PTSD, Dissociative Identity Disorder, gender dysphoria, anxiety and depression.
As a therapist, researcher, and pleasure activist I strive to create a safe, accessible environment for you to connect with and express your most authentic self. During sessions, your trust and safety are priorities for me. I practice from a relational and client-centered framework, understanding that you are the expert in your own experience. With my warm and direct approach, I seek to ask the right questions to help you make new connections and provide a fresh perspective. I have experience supporting clients through gender-identity development, C-PTSD, Dissociative Identity Disorder, gender dysphoria, anxiety and depression.
(773) 912-0277 View (773) 912-0277
Photo of Maria Duda, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Illinois
Maria Duda
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, RYT-200
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60657
Hi, there! I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and Registered Yoga Instructor. I utilize a holistic approach to help adults 18 and over navigate significant life transitions and day-to-day happenings. I specialize in working with anxiety, mood disorders, and trauma. My overall intention is to create a space that cultivates comfort and safety, allowing us to better understand and work through presenting concerns and changes.
Hi, there! I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and Registered Yoga Instructor. I utilize a holistic approach to help adults 18 and over navigate significant life transitions and day-to-day happenings. I specialize in working with anxiety, mood disorders, and trauma. My overall intention is to create a space that cultivates comfort and safety, allowing us to better understand and work through presenting concerns and changes.
(312) 487-2836 View (312) 487-2836
Photo of Quincey F. Kyles Counseling Services, LLC., Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Illinois
Quincey F. Kyles Counseling Services, LLC.
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60657  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
"A journey of a thousand miles must begin with a single step." Ancient Chinese philosopher, Lao-Tzu. Let's face it: asking for help isn't always easy, but you've taken the courage to do so. Therapy is an exciting experience of self-discovery! As a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW), I work with adults, individually or as couples. I use a bilateral approach, incorporating a Strength-based practice with a focus on the mind/body connection, in particular Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT). I assist clients in noticing, when automatic processes are occurring & to alter their reaction to be more of a reflection.
"A journey of a thousand miles must begin with a single step." Ancient Chinese philosopher, Lao-Tzu. Let's face it: asking for help isn't always easy, but you've taken the courage to do so. Therapy is an exciting experience of self-discovery! As a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW), I work with adults, individually or as couples. I use a bilateral approach, incorporating a Strength-based practice with a focus on the mind/body connection, in particular Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT). I assist clients in noticing, when automatic processes are occurring & to alter their reaction to be more of a reflection.
(312) 681-7937 View (312) 681-7937
Photo of Christine V Petersen, Psychologist in Illinois
Christine V Petersen
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Evanston, IL 60201
I am a licensed clinical psychologist who has extensive experience working with adults, adolescents, and children dealing with a wide array of issues that impair their ability to function to their full potential. These issues include depression, anxiety, trauma, relationship issues including separation and divorce, grief/loss, parenting issues, behavior control, emotional stress due to life transitions, and self esteem issues. I provide both short and long term psychotherapy within the bounds of a safe, supportive, and non-judgmental environment.
I am a licensed clinical psychologist who has extensive experience working with adults, adolescents, and children dealing with a wide array of issues that impair their ability to function to their full potential. These issues include depression, anxiety, trauma, relationship issues including separation and divorce, grief/loss, parenting issues, behavior control, emotional stress due to life transitions, and self esteem issues. I provide both short and long term psychotherapy within the bounds of a safe, supportive, and non-judgmental environment.
(773) 417-5444 View (773) 417-5444
Photo of Tiffani Leila Clay, Licensed Professional Counselor in Illinois
Tiffani Leila Clay
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60611  (Online Only)
I work with clients who are seeking to better understand themselves and live authentic, rewarding lives. My specialties include anxiety, depression, life transitions, dating/relationships, self-esteem, and career development. Many of my clients desire clarity in their romantic and/or family relationships, and want to increase supportive, caring connections in all aspects of their lives. I support my clients in increasing their self-worth and self-knowledge to reach these goals. I have a passion for working with women, BIPOC, and queer individuals and I am committed to learning and practicing anti-oppression therapy.
I work with clients who are seeking to better understand themselves and live authentic, rewarding lives. My specialties include anxiety, depression, life transitions, dating/relationships, self-esteem, and career development. Many of my clients desire clarity in their romantic and/or family relationships, and want to increase supportive, caring connections in all aspects of their lives. I support my clients in increasing their self-worth and self-knowledge to reach these goals. I have a passion for working with women, BIPOC, and queer individuals and I am committed to learning and practicing anti-oppression therapy.
(872) 259-7917 View (872) 259-7917
Photo of Crystal Lynn Hreska, Counselor in Illinois
Crystal Lynn Hreska
Counselor, LCPC , CADC
Verified Verified
We all have the capacity for meaningful change and are deserving of a life of fulfillment. Sometimes we find that it can be difficult to make those changes and engage in daily living in ways that feel good to us. Barriers can show up in our lives in many ways. Maybe you have concerns with your relationships; find your mood is difficult to manage; are engaging in thoughts or behaviors that are no longer serving you; or having difficulty recognizing the positive within you. I am committed to providing a non-judgmental, compassionate and collaborative space for us to address what is getting in the way of the life that you deserve!
We all have the capacity for meaningful change and are deserving of a life of fulfillment. Sometimes we find that it can be difficult to make those changes and engage in daily living in ways that feel good to us. Barriers can show up in our lives in many ways. Maybe you have concerns with your relationships; find your mood is difficult to manage; are engaging in thoughts or behaviors that are no longer serving you; or having difficulty recognizing the positive within you. I am committed to providing a non-judgmental, compassionate and collaborative space for us to address what is getting in the way of the life that you deserve!
(872) 219-0769 View (872) 219-0769
Photo of Robert Bender, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Illinois
Robert Bender
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Oak Park, IL 60301
Rob Bender, LCSW, CADC, helps clients experience immediate and sustained relief, improved mood, and enhanced performance. He supports children, adolescents and adults with identifying and building on strengths. Rob received an undergraduate degree from Illinois Benedictine and an MSW from Aurora University. He has over 20 years of experience in corporate therapy, private practice, schools, and juvenile probation. In addition to his counseling experience, Rob served as an adjunct professor for graduate and undergraduate clinical programs at Aurora University. In therapy, Rob specializes in a strength-based, solution-focused approach.
Rob Bender, LCSW, CADC, helps clients experience immediate and sustained relief, improved mood, and enhanced performance. He supports children, adolescents and adults with identifying and building on strengths. Rob received an undergraduate degree from Illinois Benedictine and an MSW from Aurora University. He has over 20 years of experience in corporate therapy, private practice, schools, and juvenile probation. In addition to his counseling experience, Rob served as an adjunct professor for graduate and undergraduate clinical programs at Aurora University. In therapy, Rob specializes in a strength-based, solution-focused approach.
(708) 627-2338 View (708) 627-2338
Photo of Christine Patterson Counseling, Marriage & Family Therapist in Illinois
Christine Patterson Counseling
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, LCPC, CADC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Braidwood, IL 60408
I believe most people could benefit from counseling to help navigate through life's challenges. It is not always easy to ask for emotional support. I know that everyone has the ability to live up to their fullest potential. I am here to give positive guidance through that journey. Healthy relationships are one of the biggest factors in having a fulfilling life. Unfortunately, people at some point in their life may have what seems like an endless struggle with their partner, family, friends, workplace, school, or with substance use concerns. I will guide you to keep healthy relationships.
I believe most people could benefit from counseling to help navigate through life's challenges. It is not always easy to ask for emotional support. I know that everyone has the ability to live up to their fullest potential. I am here to give positive guidance through that journey. Healthy relationships are one of the biggest factors in having a fulfilling life. Unfortunately, people at some point in their life may have what seems like an endless struggle with their partner, family, friends, workplace, school, or with substance use concerns. I will guide you to keep healthy relationships.
(815) 205-1575 View (815) 205-1575
Dyanne C Bresler
Counselor, MA, RN, LCPC
Verified Verified
Park Ridge, IL 60068
I work to create an atmosphere that is safe for my clients. I may use humor, ask more questions, make comments. As we progress, I will suggest new ways to approach situations and problems. Sometimes I teach my clients relaxation techniques. We talk. I listen. Sometimes I teach or even pray with my clients. In my office, folks are invited to be direct, to be honest, and to know that there will be no judgment of them for revealing their "dark side." Their challenge is reveal who and what they are. Mine is to make it safe.
I work to create an atmosphere that is safe for my clients. I may use humor, ask more questions, make comments. As we progress, I will suggest new ways to approach situations and problems. Sometimes I teach my clients relaxation techniques. We talk. I listen. Sometimes I teach or even pray with my clients. In my office, folks are invited to be direct, to be honest, and to know that there will be no judgment of them for revealing their "dark side." Their challenge is reveal who and what they are. Mine is to make it safe.
(773) 414-4437 View (773) 414-4437
Photo of Jami Lynn Jamieson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Illinois
Jami Lynn Jamieson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Springfield, IL 62704
I have been working with families with children, adolescents, and young adults for ninteen years. I specialize in working with children, adolescents, and families that seek treatment for emotional and behavioral issues including depression, anxiety, anger and stress management, grief and loss, and self-harm and aggressive behaviors. Many times, both adult and young members of a family need therapeutic support when emotional and behavioral issues are present. I also have experience working with clients to increase age appropriate communication and social skills in order to develop and maintain positive relationships. I am able to see clients with or without the members of their families.
I have been working with families with children, adolescents, and young adults for ninteen years. I specialize in working with children, adolescents, and families that seek treatment for emotional and behavioral issues including depression, anxiety, anger and stress management, grief and loss, and self-harm and aggressive behaviors. Many times, both adult and young members of a family need therapeutic support when emotional and behavioral issues are present. I also have experience working with clients to increase age appropriate communication and social skills in order to develop and maintain positive relationships. I am able to see clients with or without the members of their families.
(217) 629-4045 View (217) 629-4045
Photo of Jordyn Markie Toia, Counselor in Illinois
Jordyn Markie Toia
Counselor, MA, LCPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Wilmette, IL 60091
I am an open-minded, empathetic, and solution-oriented mental health practitioner dedicated to supporting and assisting clients with feelings and experiences that can be difficult to navigate. I look to build nourishing relationships and create a safe environment in which clients have the space to change, heal, and learn about themselves, free from judgement and assumption. With a background in sport psychology, I practice with an understanding of the intersection of mind and body, promoting physical and emotional well-being.
I am an open-minded, empathetic, and solution-oriented mental health practitioner dedicated to supporting and assisting clients with feelings and experiences that can be difficult to navigate. I look to build nourishing relationships and create a safe environment in which clients have the space to change, heal, and learn about themselves, free from judgement and assumption. With a background in sport psychology, I practice with an understanding of the intersection of mind and body, promoting physical and emotional well-being.
(312) 584-1722 View (312) 584-1722
Photo of Cotorey Seals, Licensed Professional Counselor in Illinois
Cotorey Seals
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Chicago, IL 60618  (Online Only)
Are there parts of your story you wish you could forget? Do you feel like no matter how much you try, you’re never enough? Does your anxiety, shame, and trauma feel crippling? This is a painful place to be, but you don’t have to do this alone. I provide an exploratory space where you can unpack and heal from some of the most difficult parts of your story. As a black, male therapist, I understand how your background and unique context impacts your life. As we explore your story, I’ll help you move from trauma to healing, shame to self-compassion, and anxiety to freedom.
Are there parts of your story you wish you could forget? Do you feel like no matter how much you try, you’re never enough? Does your anxiety, shame, and trauma feel crippling? This is a painful place to be, but you don’t have to do this alone. I provide an exploratory space where you can unpack and heal from some of the most difficult parts of your story. As a black, male therapist, I understand how your background and unique context impacts your life. As we explore your story, I’ll help you move from trauma to healing, shame to self-compassion, and anxiety to freedom.
(312) 756-0305 View (312) 756-0305
Photo of Amy R Block, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Illinois
Amy R Block
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, ACSW
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60613
Not accepting new clients
There are periods of life when you might feel stuck with no clear path ahead. Everyone experiences times of stress, conflict, grief and sadness. Therapy can help you identify and develop coping strategies to move beyond these feelings. I will provide you with a safe and supportive environment where we can identify, explore and work through challenging issues.
There are periods of life when you might feel stuck with no clear path ahead. Everyone experiences times of stress, conflict, grief and sadness. Therapy can help you identify and develop coping strategies to move beyond these feelings. I will provide you with a safe and supportive environment where we can identify, explore and work through challenging issues.
View
Photo of Kathleen O'Connor, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Illinois
Kathleen O'Connor
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Chicago, IL 60603
Psychotherapy and psychoanalysis are two well-established forms of talk therapy; they have been used for well over one-hundred years. These therapies help people explore their inner thoughts and feelings in the privacy of a professional relationship. These private conversations are different from talking with a friend or family member; they are confidential, nonjudgmental, and personal.
Psychotherapy and psychoanalysis are two well-established forms of talk therapy; they have been used for well over one-hundred years. These therapies help people explore their inner thoughts and feelings in the privacy of a professional relationship. These private conversations are different from talking with a friend or family member; they are confidential, nonjudgmental, and personal.
(312) 663-8675 View (312) 663-8675

How does your Therapist compare?

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Illinois who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
88% Depression
77% Relationship Issues
75% Self Esteem
68% Trauma and PTSD
67% Coping Skills
66% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

95% BlueCross and BlueShield
61% Aetna
52% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Illinois see their clients

74% In Person and Online
26% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
19% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Illinois?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.