Therapists in San Rafael, CA

Photo of Premsiri Linda Joy Lewin, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Rafael, CA
Premsiri Linda Joy Lewin
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT, SEP
Verified Verified
San Rafael, CA 94901  (Online Only)
Are you feeling alone, struggling with limiting core beliefs, wounding or trauma? I can help! As a seasoned, skilled and caring practitioner I help unpack psychological issues, emotional needs, spiritual unfolding, early childhood neglect and issues of death and dying? In an atmosphere of safety and compassion we can address your life transition, relationship pain and suffering, compromised health, grieving, loss of purpose or spiritual confusion? I'm here to listen, navigate, transform and rewire the agony, hurt and aloneness that's running your life. It's possible to open your heart, trust and find your inner voice & purpose now!
Are you feeling alone, struggling with limiting core beliefs, wounding or trauma? I can help! As a seasoned, skilled and caring practitioner I help unpack psychological issues, emotional needs, spiritual unfolding, early childhood neglect and issues of death and dying? In an atmosphere of safety and compassion we can address your life transition, relationship pain and suffering, compromised health, grieving, loss of purpose or spiritual confusion? I'm here to listen, navigate, transform and rewire the agony, hurt and aloneness that's running your life. It's possible to open your heart, trust and find your inner voice & purpose now!
(415) 967-5204 View (415) 967-5204
Photo of Sasha Levine, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Rafael, CA
Sasha Levine
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Rafael, CA 94901
I provide warm and supportive guidance to help you move towards a happier and more fulfilling life. Whether you are struggling in your relationships, going through a transitional period, lost someone close to you, or having difficulty breaking habits we can work together to create positive change in your life. My approach is compassionate, non-judgmental, and goal-oriented, adjusting to fit the needs of each unique individual.
I provide warm and supportive guidance to help you move towards a happier and more fulfilling life. Whether you are struggling in your relationships, going through a transitional period, lost someone close to you, or having difficulty breaking habits we can work together to create positive change in your life. My approach is compassionate, non-judgmental, and goal-oriented, adjusting to fit the needs of each unique individual.
(415) 549-0075 View (415) 549-0075
Photo of Rosary Moreno-Derks, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Rafael, CA
Rosary Moreno-Derks
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Rafael, CA 94903  (Online Only)
My approach to therapy is based on the individual needs of my clients, and most frequently I work with cognitive behavioral therapy approaches, as well as EMDR to affect the change that they are looking for. I find that both of these modalities help clients learn to better understand what motivates behavior that does not serve them.
My approach to therapy is based on the individual needs of my clients, and most frequently I work with cognitive behavioral therapy approaches, as well as EMDR to affect the change that they are looking for. I find that both of these modalities help clients learn to better understand what motivates behavior that does not serve them.
(415) 917-1099 View (415) 917-1099
Photo of Kristen Lebacqz, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Rafael, CA
Kristen Lebacqz
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT, MA, MS
Verified Verified
San Rafael, CA 94903
Bringing your suffering and pain in to meet a new therapist is scary. I respect the hard work that clients do by sharing their vulnerability and honesty in therapy. By working with clients in a non-judgemental space I help them begin to understand, accept, heal and change. People who work with me find me to be compassionate, honest, and human.
Bringing your suffering and pain in to meet a new therapist is scary. I respect the hard work that clients do by sharing their vulnerability and honesty in therapy. By working with clients in a non-judgemental space I help them begin to understand, accept, heal and change. People who work with me find me to be compassionate, honest, and human.
(415) 797-0872 View (415) 797-0872
Photo of Anna Weigel, Psychologist in San Rafael, CA
Anna Weigel
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
San Rafael, CA 94901
I am a clinical psychologist with a psychotherapy practice in San Rafael, CA in Marin County. I know that choosing a therapist is a very personal experience. Email me if you have any questions about my background, therapy style, or therapy in general, or we can set up an initial session to see if this is the right fit for you.
I am a clinical psychologist with a psychotherapy practice in San Rafael, CA in Marin County. I know that choosing a therapist is a very personal experience. Email me if you have any questions about my background, therapy style, or therapy in general, or we can set up an initial session to see if this is the right fit for you.
(650) 262-3035 View (650) 262-3035
Photo of Wendy Shaw-Lyons, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Rafael, CA
Wendy Shaw-Lyons
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Rafael, CA 94903  (Online Only)
I believe psychotherapy leads to finding an authentic self, and has the ability to enhance one's quality of life.. I will provide a therapeutic relationship based on compassion, warmth and non judgment to guide you through the process. Together we will identify and work with the blocks that are preventing you from living your life more fully. I have worked with a diverse clientele with a wide range of challenges including trauma, phase of life change, loss, depression, anxiety, and family conflict.
I believe psychotherapy leads to finding an authentic self, and has the ability to enhance one's quality of life.. I will provide a therapeutic relationship based on compassion, warmth and non judgment to guide you through the process. Together we will identify and work with the blocks that are preventing you from living your life more fully. I have worked with a diverse clientele with a wide range of challenges including trauma, phase of life change, loss, depression, anxiety, and family conflict.
(415) 358-3128 View (415) 358-3128
Photo of Caroline Keystone, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Rafael, CA
Caroline Keystone
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Rafael, CA 94901
As a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, I thrive on connecting with clients in a way that provides them with the safety and support needed to achieve desired goals, explore and change problematic behaviors, and process experiences that are proving to be challenging. I work with clients to establish a strong therapeutic alliance that is both genuine and non-judgmental, utilizing humor, warmth, and compassion.
As a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, I thrive on connecting with clients in a way that provides them with the safety and support needed to achieve desired goals, explore and change problematic behaviors, and process experiences that are proving to be challenging. I work with clients to establish a strong therapeutic alliance that is both genuine and non-judgmental, utilizing humor, warmth, and compassion.
(415) 592-5435 View (415) 592-5435
Photo of Wendy Labov-Dunne, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Rafael, CA
Wendy Labov-Dunne, LMFT
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Rafael, CA 94901
Waitlist for new clients
I respect the courage it takes to begin psychotherapy and choose the path of healing. Most important is the building of trust. My presence is kind and authentic, with healthy boundaries. An experienced Individual and Couples therapist, I teach relational skill-building, personally and inter-personally. I'm comfortable with all kinds of trauma, relationship difficulties, major life transitions, addiction, loss & grief, spiritual, medical or psychiatric issues. I encourage clients to identify and move closer to what is really important in their lives. I've witnessed lasting change as clients become more secure, creative & alive.
I respect the courage it takes to begin psychotherapy and choose the path of healing. Most important is the building of trust. My presence is kind and authentic, with healthy boundaries. An experienced Individual and Couples therapist, I teach relational skill-building, personally and inter-personally. I'm comfortable with all kinds of trauma, relationship difficulties, major life transitions, addiction, loss & grief, spiritual, medical or psychiatric issues. I encourage clients to identify and move closer to what is really important in their lives. I've witnessed lasting change as clients become more secure, creative & alive.
(415) 635-0502 View (415) 635-0502
Photo of Brian King, Psychologist in San Rafael, CA
Brian King
Psychologist, PsyD, QME
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Rafael, CA 94901  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I seek to provide a thoughtful and reflective setting where clients develop greater understanding of their problems and limitations through honest exploration of themselves, and to bolster strengths/foster growth. I provide a friendly and open atmosphere to invite sharing of whatever thought or feeling that comes up so that they can be explored, analyzed and ultimately changed if you want. I work in a collaborative way and do not necessarily see my role as an advice giver, but as a thoughtful companion in helping you find your own solutions and understanding. I use a flexible blend of clinical techniques and theories.
I seek to provide a thoughtful and reflective setting where clients develop greater understanding of their problems and limitations through honest exploration of themselves, and to bolster strengths/foster growth. I provide a friendly and open atmosphere to invite sharing of whatever thought or feeling that comes up so that they can be explored, analyzed and ultimately changed if you want. I work in a collaborative way and do not necessarily see my role as an advice giver, but as a thoughtful companion in helping you find your own solutions and understanding. I use a flexible blend of clinical techniques and theories.
(415) 991-3069 View (415) 991-3069
Photo of Raya Smail, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Rafael, CA
Raya Smail
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
San Rafael, CA 94901
If you have made your way to this page, you are probably struggling with a "relationship problem"--either with someone else, or with yourself. This is likely causing you significant emotional pain. Your predicament may have been triggered by a recent event, such as loss or trauma, or may have lingered and festered for years. Your symptoms may vary--you may experience persistent discontent, loneliness, emptiness...; have difficulty finding or sustaining a relationship, or have a spouse who wants you to get "fixed".You may be battling addiction or a destructive behavior that is thwarting your life, but impossible to give up, despite endless attempts.
If you have made your way to this page, you are probably struggling with a "relationship problem"--either with someone else, or with yourself. This is likely causing you significant emotional pain. Your predicament may have been triggered by a recent event, such as loss or trauma, or may have lingered and festered for years. Your symptoms may vary--you may experience persistent discontent, loneliness, emptiness...; have difficulty finding or sustaining a relationship, or have a spouse who wants you to get "fixed".You may be battling addiction or a destructive behavior that is thwarting your life, but impossible to give up, despite endless attempts.
(415) 766-0949 View (415) 766-0949
Photo of Kimberly de Caires, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Rafael, CA
Kimberly de Caires
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, PPSC
Verified Verified
San Rafael, CA 94901  (Online Only)
The last few years have been especially difficult and if you are feeling stressed, anxious, run down or depressed you are definitely not alone; and there is help. I support folks in navigating anxiety, depression, trauma, attachment wounds, grief and loss, relationship issues and life transitions in order to find more balance and peace in their lives. I combine warmth, authenticity, compassion and cultural responsiveness to cultivate a space where you can feel safe to process difficult emotions, learn new skills, and increase your sense of balance between mind, body and spirit.
The last few years have been especially difficult and if you are feeling stressed, anxious, run down or depressed you are definitely not alone; and there is help. I support folks in navigating anxiety, depression, trauma, attachment wounds, grief and loss, relationship issues and life transitions in order to find more balance and peace in their lives. I combine warmth, authenticity, compassion and cultural responsiveness to cultivate a space where you can feel safe to process difficult emotions, learn new skills, and increase your sense of balance between mind, body and spirit.
(510) 913-9411 View (510) 913-9411
Photo of Lelah Joy Nichol, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Rafael, CA
Lelah Joy Nichol
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, L, C, S, W
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Rafael, CA 94901
Hello and welcome! I am glad you found me. I have 22 years experience working with children, adolescents, and adults. I have a strong background and interest in helping people improve their relationships with themselves and their family members. I enjoy working with parents who are looking to improve their connection and relationship to their children of any age. I work with mother's from pregnancy and post partum through empty nesting. I work with adults with a focus on improving their relationship with parts of themselves to increase self compassion and reduce self criticism.
Hello and welcome! I am glad you found me. I have 22 years experience working with children, adolescents, and adults. I have a strong background and interest in helping people improve their relationships with themselves and their family members. I enjoy working with parents who are looking to improve their connection and relationship to their children of any age. I work with mother's from pregnancy and post partum through empty nesting. I work with adults with a focus on improving their relationship with parts of themselves to increase self compassion and reduce self criticism.
(415) 367-0439 View (415) 367-0439
Photo of Victoria Bloom, Psychologist in San Rafael, CA
Victoria Bloom
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
San Rafael, CA 94903  (Online Only)
Suffering and distress have probably brought you to this page seeking relief and greater well-being. I bring my knowledge, understanding, experience, and compassionate presence to the table in my role as your guide toward healing and greater well-being. Through deep listening with the aim of truly seeing you, we will forge a path together designed to work in the best way for you to heal, grow, and move forward. The aim is to develop insight, forge new skills, attitudes, and actions to create a life of greater well-being and satifaction.
Suffering and distress have probably brought you to this page seeking relief and greater well-being. I bring my knowledge, understanding, experience, and compassionate presence to the table in my role as your guide toward healing and greater well-being. Through deep listening with the aim of truly seeing you, we will forge a path together designed to work in the best way for you to heal, grow, and move forward. The aim is to develop insight, forge new skills, attitudes, and actions to create a life of greater well-being and satifaction.
(628) 345-4617 View (628) 345-4617
Photo of Kristel S. Grodeska, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Rafael, CA
Kristel S. Grodeska
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
San Rafael, CA 94901
If you are feeling disconnected or wanting to learn how to more deeply connect to yourself or those you are in relationship with, therapy can be a place to learn a different way of relating. I see therapy as a collaborative place for you to grow in the direction that you want and to reset your vitality. I have a strength in working with: couples who want to nurture their bond or need relational resources; people who want more emotional strength and capacity for intimacy; people dealing with the impacts of sexual trauma; people who want to grow relational skills.
If you are feeling disconnected or wanting to learn how to more deeply connect to yourself or those you are in relationship with, therapy can be a place to learn a different way of relating. I see therapy as a collaborative place for you to grow in the direction that you want and to reset your vitality. I have a strength in working with: couples who want to nurture their bond or need relational resources; people who want more emotional strength and capacity for intimacy; people dealing with the impacts of sexual trauma; people who want to grow relational skills.
(415) 449-3969 View (415) 449-3969
Photo of Dina Schweitzer Leitch, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Rafael, CA
Dina Schweitzer Leitch
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Rafael, CA 94901
Do you feel lonely, anxious or sad? If you are looking for a therapist, you are taking the first step towards feeling better. I have been a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist for over 20 years and provide psychotherapy to adolescents, adults and families in Marin. I tailor my approach to your individual specific needs and concerns so that you can feel empowered to make positive changes in your relationships and in your life. I utilize complementary psychotherapy approaches and give constructive feedback to help my clients attain their goals in a safe and supportive environment.
Do you feel lonely, anxious or sad? If you are looking for a therapist, you are taking the first step towards feeling better. I have been a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist for over 20 years and provide psychotherapy to adolescents, adults and families in Marin. I tailor my approach to your individual specific needs and concerns so that you can feel empowered to make positive changes in your relationships and in your life. I utilize complementary psychotherapy approaches and give constructive feedback to help my clients attain their goals in a safe and supportive environment.
(415) 723-4828 View (415) 723-4828
Photo of Stephanie Berglund, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Rafael, CA
Stephanie Berglund
Marriage & Family Therapist, MEd, MFT
Verified Verified
San Rafael, CA 94901
Over twenty-five years ago I walked out of my first session as a therapist in gratitude that I had found work I loved. Today I am equally fascinated by and grateful for this opportunity to connect with others and be a part of their growth toward emotional, relational, mental, and spiritual wholeness. I specialize in working with couples and other relationships, but also have significant experience in helping with depression, anxiety, grief, adjustment, military lifestyle, personal growth and life skills. Integrating my training, experience, skill and personality, I create an adaptable course of therapy for each client's unique circumstances.
Over twenty-five years ago I walked out of my first session as a therapist in gratitude that I had found work I loved. Today I am equally fascinated by and grateful for this opportunity to connect with others and be a part of their growth toward emotional, relational, mental, and spiritual wholeness. I specialize in working with couples and other relationships, but also have significant experience in helping with depression, anxiety, grief, adjustment, military lifestyle, personal growth and life skills. Integrating my training, experience, skill and personality, I create an adaptable course of therapy for each client's unique circumstances.
(415) 688-2919 View (415) 688-2919
Photo of Cheryl R Woodruff, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Rafael, CA
Cheryl R Woodruff
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
San Rafael, CA 94913
The most difficult step in therapy is getting to the first session. If you are ready to say goodbye to loneliness, depression or bad habits such as overeating, dieting, drinking or using drugs, please call me. I will help you reduce anxiety, anger, depression and self-destructive behaviors. If you are stuck or contemplating a career, marriage or relationship change, call me. I provide a safe, neutral environment to explore your issues. Weekend hours available. I accept credit, ATM, and FSA cards and all insurance PPO plans.
The most difficult step in therapy is getting to the first session. If you are ready to say goodbye to loneliness, depression or bad habits such as overeating, dieting, drinking or using drugs, please call me. I will help you reduce anxiety, anger, depression and self-destructive behaviors. If you are stuck or contemplating a career, marriage or relationship change, call me. I provide a safe, neutral environment to explore your issues. Weekend hours available. I accept credit, ATM, and FSA cards and all insurance PPO plans.
(424) 254-5005 View (424) 254-5005
Photo of Linda Terry, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Rafael, CA
Linda Terry
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, LPC, CCTP, CDHWP
Verified Verified
San Rafael, CA 94901  (Online Only)
I have extensive experience working with individuals families and couples impacted by trauma, co-dependency, addiction and co-occurring disorders. Having worked in residential drug and alcohol treatment for over 10 years I bring those years of resources and compassionate experience to my work. My focus on family systems and attachment allow me to treat the entire family, offering the best possible outcomes. I am a Certified Trauma Specialist, a Gottman trained couples therapist and I am one of the few therapists working with Internet and Gaming Addiction.
I have extensive experience working with individuals families and couples impacted by trauma, co-dependency, addiction and co-occurring disorders. Having worked in residential drug and alcohol treatment for over 10 years I bring those years of resources and compassionate experience to my work. My focus on family systems and attachment allow me to treat the entire family, offering the best possible outcomes. I am a Certified Trauma Specialist, a Gottman trained couples therapist and I am one of the few therapists working with Internet and Gaming Addiction.
(415) 299-8396 View (415) 299-8396
Photo of Sarah Janoff-Brinn, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Rafael, CA
Sarah Janoff-Brinn
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Rafael, CA 94901
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and I have extensive experience working with children, adolescents, adults, and families for over ten years. In my practice, I help my clients cope with symptoms related to anxiety, depression, life transitions, relationships, parenting, and stress. I provide a safe, warm, and confidential environment and I believe that the therapeutic relationship between a client and a therapist should be one of trust and care. In addition to my private practice, I have worked with clients at mental health centers and as the school counselor at Marin Academy
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and I have extensive experience working with children, adolescents, adults, and families for over ten years. In my practice, I help my clients cope with symptoms related to anxiety, depression, life transitions, relationships, parenting, and stress. I provide a safe, warm, and confidential environment and I believe that the therapeutic relationship between a client and a therapist should be one of trust and care. In addition to my private practice, I have worked with clients at mental health centers and as the school counselor at Marin Academy
(415) 741-3946 View (415) 741-3946
Photo of Myron Walters, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Rafael, CA
Myron Walters
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, SEP, CMP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Rafael, CA 94901
Not accepting new clients
I help adults who have experienced severe childhood trauma (complex PTSD) begin to reclaim the life they were meant to live. I work well with dissociative clients (dissociative identity disorder). My focus is on helping clients get back to a stable, fully-functional state where the fear and anxiety is greatly reduced, and the ability to be in relationship is significantly improved. I believe we all have multiple ego states, and accordingly do "parts-friendly" psychotherapy.
I help adults who have experienced severe childhood trauma (complex PTSD) begin to reclaim the life they were meant to live. I work well with dissociative clients (dissociative identity disorder). My focus is on helping clients get back to a stable, fully-functional state where the fear and anxiety is greatly reduced, and the ability to be in relationship is significantly improved. I believe we all have multiple ego states, and accordingly do "parts-friendly" psychotherapy.
(415) 686-3445 View (415) 686-3445

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in San Rafael, CA

600+

Average cost per session

$195

Therapists in San Rafael, CA who prioritize treating:

91% Anxiety
84% Depression
82% Relationship Issues
70% Self Esteem
66% Grief
66% Trauma and PTSD
63% Stress

Average years in practice

16 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

55% Aetna
45% Cigna and Evernorth
44% Anthem | Elevance

How Therapists in San Rafael, CA see their clients

70% In Person and Online
30% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
22% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in San Rafael?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.