Photo of Leo Teles, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95128, CA
Leo Teles
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95128  (Online Only)
I do believe we are relational beings, and health can be cultivated in intentional, honest, and reciprocal relationships that respect and reveal our inherent dignity. Relationships with others and ourselves hold great promise and power, they can also be the focus of our pain as we move through life. The therapeutic relationship we build together acts as a staging ground and microcosm to help you renew the relationships you have with yourself and others in life. To that end, I endeavor to help you see what may be driving you while also reflecting on what uniquely reveal in your relationships and looking to increase capacity for joy.
I do believe we are relational beings, and health can be cultivated in intentional, honest, and reciprocal relationships that respect and reveal our inherent dignity. Relationships with others and ourselves hold great promise and power, they can also be the focus of our pain as we move through life. The therapeutic relationship we build together acts as a staging ground and microcosm to help you renew the relationships you have with yourself and others in life. To that end, I endeavor to help you see what may be driving you while also reflecting on what uniquely reveal in your relationships and looking to increase capacity for joy.
(669) 310-3425 View (669) 310-3425
Photo of Shinyoung Ro, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 95128, CA
Shinyoung Ro
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95128
My passiion is in enabling you to encounter your real self. I share stories, metaphors, art and other resources in the process. I am rewarded when I help others develop communication skills. I will be with you as we walk through your journey toward recovery from our injuries and find joy in our lives.
My passiion is in enabling you to encounter your real self. I share stories, metaphors, art and other resources in the process. I am rewarded when I help others develop communication skills. I will be with you as we walk through your journey toward recovery from our injuries and find joy in our lives.
(408) 351-0408 View (408) 351-0408
Photo of Felicia Santiago, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95128, CA
Felicia Santiago
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95128
*Email is preferred way of contact* First off, I want to commend anyone who is taking the initiative to search and scour the Internet for extra support. I know how daunting the process can be, but you are here and this is the first step. Life can be stressful and scary at times. We all come from different walks of life, and sometimes we can not take on the world alone. My name is Felicia Santiago, and I hope to be a support to you by creating a safe space for you to express yourself. I am versatile in my approach and use a variety of therapeutic approaches based on individual clients and their presenting concerns.
*Email is preferred way of contact* First off, I want to commend anyone who is taking the initiative to search and scour the Internet for extra support. I know how daunting the process can be, but you are here and this is the first step. Life can be stressful and scary at times. We all come from different walks of life, and sometimes we can not take on the world alone. My name is Felicia Santiago, and I hope to be a support to you by creating a safe space for you to express yourself. I am versatile in my approach and use a variety of therapeutic approaches based on individual clients and their presenting concerns.
(855) 967-1238 View (855) 967-1238
Photo of Jennifer Lovelace, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 95128, CA
Jennifer Lovelace
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95128  (Online Only)
I have worked with a myriad of individuals and families who come from various cultural, ethnic, and socioeconomic backgrounds and have treated issues related to interpersonal relationships, depression, anxiety, and trauma. I use different therapeutic modalities to include cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and eye movement desensitization reprocessing (EMDR) to help clients achieve their individual goals.
I have worked with a myriad of individuals and families who come from various cultural, ethnic, and socioeconomic backgrounds and have treated issues related to interpersonal relationships, depression, anxiety, and trauma. I use different therapeutic modalities to include cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and eye movement desensitization reprocessing (EMDR) to help clients achieve their individual goals.
(510) 544-6703 View (510) 544-6703
Photo of Melissa Walter, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95128, CA
Melissa Walter
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, ATR-BC
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95128
When we focus on developing a relationship first and feeling a sense of safety, it is much easier to navigate through the discomfort. So we will start there. I invite you to try Art Therapy in a way that will assist you in recognizing your strengths and provide you with a feeling of connection. If Art Therapy is not something you are interested in, we will engage in talk therapy so you may experience feeling seen and known. I often incorporate art, play, and movement when working with children and families. A typical client of mine is looking for guidance in emotional regulation and wants greater emotional awareness.
When we focus on developing a relationship first and feeling a sense of safety, it is much easier to navigate through the discomfort. So we will start there. I invite you to try Art Therapy in a way that will assist you in recognizing your strengths and provide you with a feeling of connection. If Art Therapy is not something you are interested in, we will engage in talk therapy so you may experience feeling seen and known. I often incorporate art, play, and movement when working with children and families. A typical client of mine is looking for guidance in emotional regulation and wants greater emotional awareness.
(408) 414-6394 View (408) 414-6394
Photo of Elizabeth Mueller, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95128, CA
Elizabeth Mueller
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95128
Seeking therapy can be a challenging step, because opening up about intimate issues to a stranger is both terrifying, brave, and can leave you feeling vulnerable. That's why it's important to find somebody with whom you feel comfortable. It is my priority to make you feel at ease, because reaching your goal is more difficult when this is not at the foundation of the therapeutic experience. This approach has enabled me to work with a wide array of teens, adults, couples, and families.
Seeking therapy can be a challenging step, because opening up about intimate issues to a stranger is both terrifying, brave, and can leave you feeling vulnerable. That's why it's important to find somebody with whom you feel comfortable. It is my priority to make you feel at ease, because reaching your goal is more difficult when this is not at the foundation of the therapeutic experience. This approach has enabled me to work with a wide array of teens, adults, couples, and families.
(831) 246-8278 View (831) 246-8278
Photo of Julie D Holsopple, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 95128, CA
Julie D Holsopple
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95128
Not accepting new clients
Are you feeling sad, anxious and overwhelmed? Do you feel angry and frustrated at life? Do you find yourself feeling lost, stuck in old patterns and scared that life will never change? You are not alone. Making changes in life may seem overwhelming. I am here to help! No matter your story, I believe that we all have within us the strength and courage to create a life filled with joy, connection and peace. It may feel difficult to make the decision to embark on a new journey in life through psychotherapy. Often, the first step of reaching out can be the hardest. I am here for you and look forward to guiding you through your journey.
Are you feeling sad, anxious and overwhelmed? Do you feel angry and frustrated at life? Do you find yourself feeling lost, stuck in old patterns and scared that life will never change? You are not alone. Making changes in life may seem overwhelming. I am here to help! No matter your story, I believe that we all have within us the strength and courage to create a life filled with joy, connection and peace. It may feel difficult to make the decision to embark on a new journey in life through psychotherapy. Often, the first step of reaching out can be the hardest. I am here for you and look forward to guiding you through your journey.
(408) 583-6914 View (408) 583-6914
Photo of Vanessa Fierstadt, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95128, CA
Vanessa Fierstadt
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95128  (Online Only)
Finding immense joy and passion in my work as a nurturing and interactive therapist, I offer a holistic approach to therapy. I address the interconnected facets of body, mind, and spirit. Drawing inspiration from Existential principles, I integrate Mindfulness and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. As we navigate the intricacies of your unique experience, my goal is to instill in you a sense of empowerment that will go beyond the therapy room. I am dedicated to ensuring that you feel seen and heard.
Finding immense joy and passion in my work as a nurturing and interactive therapist, I offer a holistic approach to therapy. I address the interconnected facets of body, mind, and spirit. Drawing inspiration from Existential principles, I integrate Mindfulness and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. As we navigate the intricacies of your unique experience, my goal is to instill in you a sense of empowerment that will go beyond the therapy room. I am dedicated to ensuring that you feel seen and heard.
(408) 443-2723 View (408) 443-2723
Photo of Geetha Narayanan, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95128, CA
Geetha Narayanan
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95128
As a first generation immigrant and a parent, I have had to navigate parenting issues in a multi-cultural society. I channeled those learnings into parenting classes for parents and social skills classes for teens. Prior to being a therapist, I worked in the hi-tech industry for several years. That exposure helped me understand the demands of corporate life, especially in the fast-paced silicon valley culture.
As a first generation immigrant and a parent, I have had to navigate parenting issues in a multi-cultural society. I channeled those learnings into parenting classes for parents and social skills classes for teens. Prior to being a therapist, I worked in the hi-tech industry for several years. That exposure helped me understand the demands of corporate life, especially in the fast-paced silicon valley culture.
(669) 333-5718 View (669) 333-5718
Photo of Olivia Cimino, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 95128, CA
Olivia Cimino
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95128
I am passionate about helping people identify their strengths and explore what is holding them back from finding happiness, purpose, and fulfillment in their lives. I meet clients exactly where they are in their journey and explore their inner world alongside them while providing a non-judgemental, calm, and safe environment to process vulnerable and difficult emotions that may come up along the way. I find value in building rapport with my clients and having a therapeutic relationship based on trust and respect.
I am passionate about helping people identify their strengths and explore what is holding them back from finding happiness, purpose, and fulfillment in their lives. I meet clients exactly where they are in their journey and explore their inner world alongside them while providing a non-judgemental, calm, and safe environment to process vulnerable and difficult emotions that may come up along the way. I find value in building rapport with my clients and having a therapeutic relationship based on trust and respect.
(408) 790-1489 View (408) 790-1489
Photo of Mano Jayasekaran, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in 95128, CA
Mano Jayasekaran
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95128
Healing starts the moment we feel seen, heard and known. I believe that healing and wholeness within one self can bring about healing and wholeness in our interpersonal relationships. I therefore incorporate an integrative, strength-based approach in my practice. As an immigrant of Indian origin, I can deeply empathize with those who struggle with acculturation stress, sense of identity and belongingness.
Healing starts the moment we feel seen, heard and known. I believe that healing and wholeness within one self can bring about healing and wholeness in our interpersonal relationships. I therefore incorporate an integrative, strength-based approach in my practice. As an immigrant of Indian origin, I can deeply empathize with those who struggle with acculturation stress, sense of identity and belongingness.
(949) 881-5224 View (949) 881-5224
Photo of Shawn O'Dell, Psychologist in 95128, CA
Shawn O'Dell
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95128
I am a licensed Psychologist with my practice based in California providing counseling and psychotherapy services to our California senior community. I work with older adults with a wide range of issues including depression, anxiety, adjustment, grief and loss, aging and change, health and disability issues as well as men's issues just to name a few. If you have Medicare and secondary insurance you are likely to be fully covered and not pay anything out of pocket. There is no need to suffer in silence. Please call for more information. I look forward to speaking with you. Please call 408-956-6896 to connect with me.
I am a licensed Psychologist with my practice based in California providing counseling and psychotherapy services to our California senior community. I work with older adults with a wide range of issues including depression, anxiety, adjustment, grief and loss, aging and change, health and disability issues as well as men's issues just to name a few. If you have Medicare and secondary insurance you are likely to be fully covered and not pay anything out of pocket. There is no need to suffer in silence. Please call for more information. I look forward to speaking with you. Please call 408-956-6896 to connect with me.
(408) 956-6896 View (408) 956-6896
Photo of Martha Hernández, PhD, Psychologist in 95128, CA
Martha Hernández, PhD
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95128
I am a Bilingual Licensed Clinical Psychologist (PSY27401) who works systemically, with children, adolescents, adults, and families. When one person is struggling, it not only impacts the individual but the individual's interpersonal relationships, as well. I strive to help you grow as an individual while strengthening intimacy and closeness with others. I utilize a strength-based approach to help you identify your personal goals, achieve self-awareness, and make the changes you feel are necessary. I believe therapy is a collaborative process to help you better understand yourself and find the best version of you.
I am a Bilingual Licensed Clinical Psychologist (PSY27401) who works systemically, with children, adolescents, adults, and families. When one person is struggling, it not only impacts the individual but the individual's interpersonal relationships, as well. I strive to help you grow as an individual while strengthening intimacy and closeness with others. I utilize a strength-based approach to help you identify your personal goals, achieve self-awareness, and make the changes you feel are necessary. I believe therapy is a collaborative process to help you better understand yourself and find the best version of you.
(408) 214-6716 View (408) 214-6716
Photo of Jj Medina, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95128, CA
Jj Medina
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95128  (Online Only)
The decision to start therapy can be intensely personal when the sum of your experiences messages to you that nothing can, or will change. Therapy isn't just a space where we develop insight into how we got to where we are, but a space that we take to consider who we want to move forward into becoming. You make sense in context, and it's in that context that we'll work together to support you in overcoming barriers to becoming the version of yourself you strive to be.
The decision to start therapy can be intensely personal when the sum of your experiences messages to you that nothing can, or will change. Therapy isn't just a space where we develop insight into how we got to where we are, but a space that we take to consider who we want to move forward into becoming. You make sense in context, and it's in that context that we'll work together to support you in overcoming barriers to becoming the version of yourself you strive to be.
(408) 317-7362 View (408) 317-7362
Photo of Nadia Shah, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 95128, CA
Nadia Shah
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95128  (Online Only)
Since graduating with my master's in 2007, I have been in the mental health field. I go into the first session with a desire to learn about you, your needs, and how I can play a part in guiding you toward improving your mental health and reaching your goals. My goal is to provide you with a secure and understanding environment. Finding the right therapist is important and if I'm not, I'm fully supportive of you to continue your journey with someone else.
Since graduating with my master's in 2007, I have been in the mental health field. I go into the first session with a desire to learn about you, your needs, and how I can play a part in guiding you toward improving your mental health and reaching your goals. My goal is to provide you with a secure and understanding environment. Finding the right therapist is important and if I'm not, I'm fully supportive of you to continue your journey with someone else.
(951) 904-3125 View (951) 904-3125
Photo of Nicole Bitter - Cognitive Behavioral Therapist, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95128, CA
Nicole Bitter - Cognitive Behavioral Therapist
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95128  (Online Only)
Over 25 years specializing in CBT for all mood disorders, habits & additions and relationship difficulties. Telemedicine appointments available now. Evidence based CBT for Anxiety or Depression, Habits&Addictions or the distress caused from Low Self Esteem and poor quality Relationships. If you feel ready to make a change and want life changing tools to enhance your life, combined with advanced empathy skills to ensure a warm, safe connection with me, I invite you to take the first step by calling me for a 20 minute complimentary phone consult.
Over 25 years specializing in CBT for all mood disorders, habits & additions and relationship difficulties. Telemedicine appointments available now. Evidence based CBT for Anxiety or Depression, Habits&Addictions or the distress caused from Low Self Esteem and poor quality Relationships. If you feel ready to make a change and want life changing tools to enhance your life, combined with advanced empathy skills to ensure a warm, safe connection with me, I invite you to take the first step by calling me for a 20 minute complimentary phone consult.
(415) 527-5167 View (415) 527-5167
Photo of Miatta Watkins, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95128, CA
Miatta Watkins
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95128
I am passionate about working with college age young adults, young professionals, their families and their loved ones who are struggling with complex mental health challenges such as suicidal ideations, anxiety, depression, interpersonal conflict, academic stress, work stress, post traumatic stress and substance use disorders. For the past 25 plus years, I have provided mental health treatment and services in residential treatment facilities, county mental health agencies, Intensive Outpatient Programs ( IOP) and Partial Hospitalization Programs (PHP).
I am passionate about working with college age young adults, young professionals, their families and their loved ones who are struggling with complex mental health challenges such as suicidal ideations, anxiety, depression, interpersonal conflict, academic stress, work stress, post traumatic stress and substance use disorders. For the past 25 plus years, I have provided mental health treatment and services in residential treatment facilities, county mental health agencies, Intensive Outpatient Programs ( IOP) and Partial Hospitalization Programs (PHP).
(669) 257-6305 View (669) 257-6305
Photo of Lisa Sullivan, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95128, CA
Lisa Sullivan
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95128
Do you have a challenge you would like to overcome? Do you sometimes feel isolated and unable to connect with others because you have problems you can't share? Life presents us all, at times, with obstacles and challenges. My practice is centered on providing a supportive environment for individuals and families to make changes, grow personally, and overcome the obstacles preventing them from from fully experiencing the joy of life. Together, we work to gain insight into the causes of conflict and personal challenge, and develop strategies and learn new skills to succeed now and in the future.
Do you have a challenge you would like to overcome? Do you sometimes feel isolated and unable to connect with others because you have problems you can't share? Life presents us all, at times, with obstacles and challenges. My practice is centered on providing a supportive environment for individuals and families to make changes, grow personally, and overcome the obstacles preventing them from from fully experiencing the joy of life. Together, we work to gain insight into the causes of conflict and personal challenge, and develop strategies and learn new skills to succeed now and in the future.
(408) 831-7915 View (408) 831-7915
Photo of Nicole Bennett, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in 95128, CA
Nicole Bennett
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95128
If you are struggling with anxiety, low self-worth, or invisible wounds, therapy can help. I specialize in addressing these areas with EMDR. Together we can work toward finding more peace in your inner world to increase your capacity to relax, connect, and enjoy yourself and your life. If you are seeking therapy for your child or teen struggling with their emotions or self esteem, I can work with them to navigate their feelings in a healthy way and collaborate with you on how you can support your child with their unique needs.
If you are struggling with anxiety, low self-worth, or invisible wounds, therapy can help. I specialize in addressing these areas with EMDR. Together we can work toward finding more peace in your inner world to increase your capacity to relax, connect, and enjoy yourself and your life. If you are seeking therapy for your child or teen struggling with their emotions or self esteem, I can work with them to navigate their feelings in a healthy way and collaborate with you on how you can support your child with their unique needs.
(408) 692-6792 View (408) 692-6792
Photo of Mahnoor Rehman, Marriage & Family Therapist in 95128, CA
Mahnoor Rehman
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95128
Welcome! I, Mahnoor, am a passionate and trauma informed therapist operating out of the Bay Area, California. I help children, teens and adults overcome their challenges in order to live happier lives. I understand that each individual is unique, therefore I utilize therapeutic modalities that are the best fit for your and/or your child. I'll work with you to develop a customized treatment plan that supports your wellbeing through a warm and non-judgmental approach. Being a South Asian female of color it fulfills me to provide care to BIPOC, refugees and immigrant communities. Come as you are, all aspects are welcome!
Welcome! I, Mahnoor, am a passionate and trauma informed therapist operating out of the Bay Area, California. I help children, teens and adults overcome their challenges in order to live happier lives. I understand that each individual is unique, therefore I utilize therapeutic modalities that are the best fit for your and/or your child. I'll work with you to develop a customized treatment plan that supports your wellbeing through a warm and non-judgmental approach. Being a South Asian female of color it fulfills me to provide care to BIPOC, refugees and immigrant communities. Come as you are, all aspects are welcome!
(408) 617-9838 View (408) 617-9838

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in 95128

200+

Average cost per session

$192

Therapists in 95128 who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
88% Depression
73% Stress
70% Trauma and PTSD
67% Relationship Issues
64% Grief
62% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

71% Aetna
65% Cigna and Evernorth
61% MHN | Health Net

How Therapists in 95128 see their clients

64% In Person and Online
36% Online Only

Gender breakdown

84% Female
15% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in 95128?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.